380 relations: A Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles, Action démocratique du Québec, Affiliated school, Alberta, Allophone (Quebec), American and British English spelling differences, American English, American Revolution, Anglo-Frisian languages, Archaism, Atlantic Canada, Atlantic Canadian English, Australia, Australian English, Automated teller machine, Autoroutes of Quebec, Bachelor, Bachelor's degree, Back bacon, Barrister, Bay of Fundy, Bay of Quinte, Blaine, Washington, Bloc Québécois, Blue Tory, Bob and Doug McKenzie, Bridge River, British Columbia, British Columbia, British Empire, British English, British Isles, Bruce County, Bungi Creole, Buttocks, Cable converter box, Calgary, Calgary Herald, California English, Campsite, Canada, Canadian Army, Canadian dollar, Canadian French, Canadian Gaelic, Canadian National Railway, Canadian Oxford Dictionary, Canadian Pacific Railway, Canadian Prairies, Canadian raising, Canadian Shift, ..., Canadian social credit movement, Canadian Tire, Canadians, Candy bar, Cape Breton Island, Car, Caribbean, Catholic Church in Canada, Cattle grid, Caucasian race, CBC News, CEGEP, Celsius, Celts, Central Ontario, Cheese puffs, Cheezies, Chinook Jargon, Civil law (legal system), Civil law notary, Common law, Common loon, Commonwealth of Nations, Conservative Party of Canada, Constitutional monarchy, Controlled-access highway, Convenience store, Cot–caught merger, Cottage, Counties of British Columbia, Crazy Canucks, Creole language, Criminal Code (Canada), Crowchild Trail, Crown attorney, Curtiss JN-4, Deerfoot Trail, Demonym, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dew point, Dialect, Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles 2, Diphthong, District attorney, Dominion Land Survey, Drainage divide, Dumpster, Eastern Europe, Eastern Ontario, Eastern Townships, Editors' Association of Canada, Edmonton, Eh, Electoral district (Canada), Emily Murphy, Employment equity (Canada), England, English alphabet, English Canadians, English language, English-language vowel changes before historic /r/, Eraser, Eskimo, Ethnocentrism, Executive Council of Nova Scotia, Executive Council of Ontario, Expiration date, Fahrenheit, Farley Mowat, Felony, Filling station, Fire station, First language, First Nations, Fish and chips, Flapping, Franco-Ontarian, Freezie, French Canadians, French language, French people, Front vowel, Fused profession, Gage Canadian Dictionary, Gage Educational Publishing Company, Gallon, Garbage disposal unit, Gardiner Expressway, Gatineau, Generic trademark, Germanic languages, Germany, Globalization, Glossary of rail transport terms, Golden Horseshoe, Governor General of Canada, Great Britain, Greater Toronto Area, Greater Vancouver, Greek language, Grey County, Guelph, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Hanlon Expressway, Hansard, Harbour Expressway, HarperCollins, Herb Gray, Herman Melville, Hiberno-English, Hip flask, Holiday cottage, Homelessness, Homophone, Hoodie, Hoser, House of Commons of Canada, Human skin color, Humidex, Huron County, Ontario, Hydroelectricity, IETF language tag, Indian reserve, Indictable offence, Indigenous peoples, Indigenous peoples in Canada, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Inland Northern American English, International Organization for Standardization, International System of Units, Internet Standard, Intersection (road), Inuit, Ireland, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, ISO 639-1, Jews, John A. Macdonald, Johnny Canuck, Juskatla, Kleenex, Knit cap, Kraft Dinner, Lanark County, Language code, Languages of Canada, Latin, Latin script, Lawyer, Letter (paper size), Level crossing, Liberal Party of Canada, Lieutenant governor (Canada), Limited-access road, List of Canadian English dictionaries, List of Governors General of Canada, List of regional districts of British Columbia, Loonie, Lower Canada, Loyalist (American Revolution), M&M's, Maclean's, Macleod Trail, Mains electricity, Manitoba, Master (judiciary), Mayor, Métis in Canada, Member of Provincial Parliament (Ontario), Member of the Legislative Assembly, Member of the National Assembly (Quebec), Mennonites, Metrication in Canada, Michigan, Mickey Finn (drugs), Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic accent, Minimal pair, Minnesota, Misdemeanor, Moby-Dick, Montreal, Moonshine, Morphology (linguistics), Movable type, Multiculturalism, Multistorey car park, National Hockey League, New Brunswick, New York City, New Zealand, Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland and Labrador, Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly, Newfoundland outport, North American English, North Dakota, North Sea Germanic, Northern American English, Northern Canada, Northern Ireland, Northern Ontario, Notary public, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Orange Order in Canada, Order in Council, Ottawa, Ottawa Citizen, Ottawa Valley, Ottawa Valley English, Oxford University Press, Pacific Northwest English, Paper size, Parkway (disambiguation), Parliament of Canada, Parry Sound, Ontario, Parti Québécois, Peameal bacon, Perth County, Ontario, Phonological history of English low back vowels, Phonology, Pint, Postal code, Postal codes in Canada, Postmedia News, Poutine, Prairie, Premier, Prime minister, Prime Minister of Canada, Prince Edward Island, Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Pronunciation, Public Services and Procurement Canada, Public toilet, Quebec, Quebec French, Queensland, Quiggly hole, Rain gutter, Raising (phonetics), Rancherie, Rapid transit, Red River Valley, Red Tory, Regional accents of English, Regional Municipality of York, Religion in Canada, Remote control, Republic of Ireland, Rhoticity in English, Royal Canadian Institute, Saint John, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Valley, Scandinavia, Scotland, Scottish English, Senate of Canada, Sherwood Park Freeway, Skookum, Slavs, Smarties, Smarties (tablet candy), Sociolect, Solicitor, Southwestern Ontario, Soviet Union, Standard Canadian English, Statistics Canada, Summary offence, Summer camp, Supreme Court of Canada, Syntax, Tap (valve), Tasmania, Tent, The Canadian Press, The Crown, The Globe and Mail, The Irish Times, The Maritimes, Thunder Bay, Tim Hortons, Toll road, Toonie, Toronto, Toronto Star, Tory, Trans-Canada Highway, Ukraine, Unified English Braille, United Counties of Leeds and Grenville, United Counties of Prescott and Russell, United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry, United Empire Loyalist, United Kingdom, United States dollar, University of British Columbia, Upper Canada, Vancouver, Vancouver Canucks, Vancouver Island, Variety (linguistics), Vi-Co, Victorian era, Visible minority, Voicelessness, Vowel, Vowel shift, Wales, Walter de Gruyter, War of 1812, Waste Connections of Canada, West Germanic languages, Western American English, Western Canada, White people, Whole wheat bread, William Labov, Wisconsin, World War II, Xerox, Yellowhead Trail, Yiddish, Yukon, Z, ZIP Code, 400-series highways. 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A Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles (DCHP) is available in a 1967 edition (Avis et al. 1967) and in a 2017 expanded, updated and partially revised edition (Dollinger and Fee 2017).
The Action démocratique du Québec, commonly referred to as the ADQ was a conservative and right-wing populist provincial political party in Quebec, Canada.
An affiliated school or affiliated college is an educational institution that operates independently, but also has a formal collaborative agreement with another, usually larger institution that may have some level of control or influence over its academic policies, standards or programs.
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
In Quebec, an allophone is a resident, usually an immigrant, whose mother tongue or home language is neither French nor English.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The Anglo-Frisian languages are the West Germanic languages which include Anglic (or English) and Frisian.
In language, an archaism (from the ἀρχαϊκός, archaïkós, 'old-fashioned, antiquated', ultimately ἀρχαῖος, archaîos, 'from the beginning, ancient') is the use of a form of speech or writing that is no longer current or that is current only within a few special contexts.
Atlantic Canada is the region of Canada comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec: the three Maritime provinces – New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia – and the easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Atlantic Canadian English is the class of Canadian English dialects spoken in the Atlantic provinces of Canada and notably distinct from Standard Canadian English.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Australian English (AuE, en-AU) is a major variety of the English language, used throughout Australia.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
The autoroute system is a network of freeways within the province of Quebec, Canada, operating under the same principle of controlled access as the Interstate Highway System in the United States and the 400-series highways in neighbouring Ontario.
A bachelor is a man who is socially regarded as able to marry, but has not yet.
A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin baccalaureus) or baccalaureate (from Modern Latin baccalaureatus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon completion of a course of study lasting three to seven years (depending on institution and academic discipline).
Back bacon is a cut of bacon that includes the pork loin from the back of the pig.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.
The Bay of Fundy (or Fundy Bay; Baie de Fundy) is a bay between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the US state of Maine.
The Bay of Quinte is a long, narrow bay shaped like the letter "Z" on the northern shore of Lake Ontario in the province of Ontario, Canada.
Blaine is a city in Whatcom County, Washington, United States.
The Bloc Québécois (BQ) is a federal political party in Canada devoted to Quebec nationalism and the promotion of Quebec sovereignty.
Blue Tories, the opposite of "small 'c' conservatives" (see Red Tories), are, in Canadian politics, members of the former federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, current Conservative Party of Canada and provincial Progressive Conservative parties who are more free-market or liberal economically.
Bob and Doug McKenzie are a pair of fictional Canadian brothers who hosted "Great White North", a sketch which was introduced on SCTV for the show's third season when it moved to CBC Television in 1980.
Bridge River was used to describe three separate towns or localities in the Lillooet Country of the Interior of British Columbia connected with the river and valley of the same name.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
Bruce County is a county in Southwestern Ontario, Canada comprising eight lower-tier municipalities and with a 2016 population of 66,491.
The buttocks (singular: buttock) are two rounded portions of the anatomy, located on the posterior of the pelvic region of primates (including humans), and many other bipeds or quadrupeds, and comprise a layer of fat superimposed on the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles.
A cable converter box or television converter box is an electronic tuning device that transposes/converts any of the available channels from a cable television service to an analog RF signal on a single channel, usually VHF or 4, or to a different output for digital televisions such as HDMI.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
The Calgary Herald is a daily newspaper published in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
California English (or Californian English) collectively refers to American English in California, particularly an emerging youthful variety, mostly associated with speakers of urban and coastal California.
A campsite or camping pitch is a place used for overnight stay in an outdoor area.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD; dollar canadien) is the currency of Canada.
Canadian French (français canadien) refers to a variety of dialects of the French language generally spoken in Canada.
Canadian Gaelic or Cape Breton Gaelic (Gàidhlig Chanada, A' Ghàidhlig Chanadach or Gàidhlig Cheap Bhreatainn), known in English as often simply Gaelic, refers to the dialects of Scottish Gaelic spoken by people in Atlantic Canada who have their origins in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland.
The Canadian National Railway Company (Compagnie des chemins de fer nationaux du Canada) is a Canadian Class I freight railway headquartered in Montreal, Quebec that serves Canada and the Midwestern and Southern United States.
The Canadian Oxford Dictionary is a dictionary of Canadian English.
The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881.
The Canadian Prairies is a region in Western Canada, which may correspond to several different definitions, natural or political.
Canadian raising is an allophonic rule of phonology in many dialects of North American English that changes the pronunciation of diphthongs with open-vowel starting points.
The Canadian Shift is a chain shift of vowel sounds found primarily in Canadian English, but also possibly in some other dialects (for example, younger Pacific Northwest English).
The Canadian social credit movement is a Canadian political movement originally based on the Social Credit theory of Major C. H. Douglas.
Canadian Tire Corporation, Limited is a Canadian retail company which sells a wide range of automotive, hardware, sports and leisure, and home products.
Canadians (Canadiens / Canadiennes) are people identified with the country of Canada.
A candy bar is a type of sugar confectionery that is in the shape of a bar.
Cape Breton Island (île du Cap-Breton—formerly Île Royale; Ceap Breatainn or Eilean Cheap Breatainn; Unama'kik; or simply Cape Breton, Cape is Latin for "headland" and Breton is Latin for "British") is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America and part of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
The Catholic Church in Canada is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope.
A cattle grid (UK English) – also known as a stock grid in Australia; cattle guard in American English; and vehicle pass, Texas gate, or stock gap in the United States Southeast; or a cattle stop in New Zealand English – is a type of obstacle used to prevent livestock, such as sheep, cattle, pigs, horses, or mules from passing along a road or railway which penetrates the fencing surrounding an enclosed piece of land or border.
The Caucasian race (also Caucasoid or Europid) is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon, which, depending on which of the historical race classifications used, have usually included some or all of the ancient and modern populations of Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia, Central Asia and South Asia.
CBC News is the division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the news gathering and production of news programs on the corporation's English-language operations, namely CBC Television, CBC Radio, CBC News Network, and CBC.ca.
CEGEP (or; Cégep; also CÉGEP, Cegep or Cégep) is a publicly funded pre‑university and technical college in the province of Quebec's education system.
The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
Central Ontario is a secondary region of Southern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario that lies between Georgian Bay and the eastern end of Lake Ontario.
Cheese puffs, cheese curls, cheese balls, cheesy puffs, corn curls, or corn cheese are a puffed corn snack, coated with a mixture of cheese or cheese-flavored powders.
Cheezies are a brand of cheese curl snack food made and sold in Canada by W. T. Hawkins Ltd.
Chinook Jargon (also known as chinuk wawa, or chinook wawa) is a revived American indigenous language originating as a pidgin trade language in the Pacific Northwest, and spreading during the 19th century from the lower Columbia River, first to other areas in modern Oregon and Washington, then British Columbia and as far as Alaska and Yukon Territory, sometimes taking on characteristics of a creole language.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
Civil-law notaries, or Latin notaries, are agents of noncontentious private civil law who draft, take, and record instruments for private parties and are vested as public officers with the authentication power of the State.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The common loon or great northern diver (Gavia immer) is a large member of the loon, or diver, family of birds.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Conservative Party of Canada (Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a political party in Canada.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
A controlled-access highway is a type of highway which has been designed for high-speed vehicular traffic, with all traffic flow and ingress/egress regulated.
A convenience store or convenience shop is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, confectionery, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries, newspapers, and magazines.
The cot–caught merger (also known as the low back merger or the merger) is a phonemic merger that has taken place in some varieties of English, between the phonemes which are conventionally represented in the IPA as (which is usually written with au, aw, al or ough as in caught and thought) and (which is usually written with o as in cot and lot).
A cottage is, typically, a small house.
In British Columbia, eight counties are created in the "County Boundary Act".
The Crazy Canucks was a group of World Cup alpine ski racers from Canada who rose to prominence in the 1970s and 1980s.
A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages at a fairly sudden point in time: often, a pidgin transitioned into a full, native language.
The Criminal Code (Code criminelThe citation of this Act by this short title is authorised by the French text of of this Act.) is a law that codifies most criminal offences and procedures in Canada.
Crowchild Trail is a major expressway in west of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Crown Attorneys or Crown Counsel (or, in Alberta and New Brunswick, Crown Prosecutors) are the prosecutors in the legal system of Canada.
The Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" was one of a series of "JN" biplanes built by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York, later the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.
Deerfoot Trail is a freeway segment of Highway 2 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The dew point is the temperature to which air must be cooled to become saturated with water vapor.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
DCHP-2 is accessible at.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
In the United States, a district attorney (DA) is the chief prosecutor for a local government area, typically a county.
The Dominion Land Survey (DLS) is the method used to divide most of Western Canada into one-square-mile (2.6 km2) sections for agricultural and other purposes.
A drainage divide, water divide, divide, ridgeline, watershed, or water parting is the line that separates neighbouring drainage basins.
A dumpster is a type of mobile garbage bin designed to be brought and taken away by a special truck, or to a bin that a specially designed garbage truck lifts, empties into its hopper, and lowers, on the spot.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
Eastern Ontario (census population 1,603,625 in 2006) is a secondary region of Southern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario which lies in a wedge-shaped area between the Ottawa River and St. Lawrence River.
The Eastern Townships (Cantons de l'Est) is a tourist region and a former administrative region in southeastern Quebec, Canada, situated between the former seigneuries south of the Saint Lawrence River and the United States border.
The Editors' Association of Canada (Editors Canada), or Association canadienne des réviseurs (Réviseurs Canada) in French, promotes professional editing as key in producing effective communication.
Edmonton (Cree: Amiskwaciy Waskahikan; Blackfoot: Omahkoyis) is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta.
Eh is a spoken interjection in English that is similar in meaning to "Excuse me?," "Please repeat that", or "Huh?".
An electoral district in Canada, also known as a "constituency" or a "riding", is a geographical constituency upon which Canada's representative democracy is based.
Emily Murphy (born Emily Gowan Ferguson; 14 March 186827 October 1933) was a Canadian women's rights activist, jurist, and author.
Employment equity, as defined in federal Canadian law by the Employment Equity Act, requires federal jurisdiction employers to engage in proactive employment practices to increase the representation of four designated groups: women, people with disabilities, Aboriginal peoples, and visible minorities.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
The modern English alphabet is a Latin alphabet consisting of 26 letters, each having an uppercase and a lowercase form: The same letters constitute the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
English Canadians or Anglo-Canadians (Canadiens anglais) refers to either Canadians of English ethnic origin and heritage, or to English-speaking, or Anglophone, Canadians of any ethnic origin; it is used primarily in contrast with French Canadians.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
In English, many vowel shifts only affect vowels followed by in rhotic dialects, or vowels that were historically followed by an that has since been elided in non-rhotic dialects.
An eraser, (also called a rubber outside the United States, from the material first used) is an article of stationery that is used for removing writing from paper or skin.
Eskimo is an English term for the indigenous peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia) to across Alaska (of the United States), Canada, and Greenland.
Ethnocentrism is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture.
The Executive Council of Nova Scotia (informally and more commonly, the Cabinet of Nova Scotia) is the cabinet of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
The Executive Council of Ontario (informally, and more commonly, the Cabinet of Ontario) plays an important role in the Government of Ontario, in accordance with the Westminster system.
An expiration date or expiry date is a previously determined date after which something should no longer be used, either by operation of law or by exceeding the anticipated shelf life for perishable goods.
The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Dutch-German-Polish physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736).
Farley McGill Mowat, (May 12, 1921 – May 6, 2014) was a Canadian writer and environmentalist.
The term felony, in some common law countries, is defined as a serious crime.
A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles.
A fire station (also called a fire house, fire hall, or firemen's hall) is a structure or other area for storing firefighting apparatus such as fire engines and related vehicles, personal protective equipment, fire hoses and other specialized equipment.
A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.
In Canada, the First Nations (Premières Nations) are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle.
Fish and chips is a hot dish of English origin consisting of fried battered fish and hot potato chips.
Flapping or tapping, also known as alveolar flapping, intervocalic flapping, or t-voicing, is a phonological process found in many dialects of English, especially North American English, Australian English and New Zealand English, by which the consonants and sometimes also may be pronounced as a voiced flap in certain positions, particularly between vowels (intervocalic position).
Franco-Ontarians (Franco-Ontariens or Franco-Ontariennes if female) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario.
A freezie, freeze pop (United States), freezer pop, ice-pole, ice lolly (Scotland), pop stick, icy-pole, ice pop, tip top, chihiro (Cayman Islands), ice candy (Philippines), aiskrim Malaysia or potong (Malaysia) is a water-based frozen snack.
French Canadians (also referred to as Franco-Canadians or Canadiens; Canadien(ne)s français(es)) are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French colonists who settled in Canada from the 17th century onward.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
Fused profession is a term relating to jurisdictions where the legal profession is not divided between barristers and solicitors.
The Gage Canadian Dictionary is a dictionary for Canadian English published by Gage Publishers in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Gage Educational Publishing Company is a division of, a major Canadian publisher of school textbooks and educational reference books.
The gallon is a unit of measurement for fluid capacity in both the US customary units and the British imperial systems of measurement.
A garbage disposal unit (also known as a garbage disposal, waste disposal unit, garbage disposer, or in Canadian English a garburator) is a device, usually electrically powered, installed under a kitchen sink between the sink's drain and the trap.
The Frederick G. Gardiner Expressway, commonly known as the Gardiner Expressway or simply the Gardiner, is a municipal expressway in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Gatineau (locally), officially Ville de Gatineau, is a city in western Quebec, Canada.
A generic trademark, also known as a genericized trademark or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name that, due to its popularity or significance, has become the generic name for, or synonymous with, a general class of product or service, usually against the intentions of the trademark's holder.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Rail terminology is a form of technical terminology.
The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario, Canada which lies at the western end of Lake Ontario, with outer boundaries stretching south from Lake Erie and north to Lake Scugog.
The Governor General of Canada (Gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal representative of the.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Greater Vancouver, also known as Metro Vancouver, is the metropolitan area with its major urban centre being the city of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Grey County is a county of the Canadian province of Ontario.
Guelph (Canada 2016 Census population 131,794) is a city in southwestern Ontario, Canada.
Halifax, officially known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
The Hanlon Expressway or Hanlon Parkway is a high-capacity at-grade suburban limited-access road connecting Highway 401 with the city of Guelph in the Canadian province of Ontario.
Hansard is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary Debates in Britain and many Commonwealth countries.
The Harbour Expressway is a four-lane highway with signalized intersections running the Intercity business district of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Herbert Eser "Herb" Gray (May 25, 1931 – April 21, 2014) was a prominent Canadian politician.
Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 – September 28, 1891) was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period.
Hiberno‐English (from Latin Hibernia: "Ireland") or Irish English is the set of English dialects natively written and spoken within the island of Ireland (including both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland).
A hip flask is a thin flask for holding a distilled beverage.
A holiday cottage, holiday home, or vacation property is accommodation used for holiday vacations.
Homelessness is the circumstance when people are without a permanent dwelling, such as a house or apartment.
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same (to varying extent) as another word but differs in meaning.
A hoodie (also called a hooded sweatshirt, hooded jumper or hoody) is a sweatshirt with a hood.
Hoser or hose-head is both a slang term and a derogatory term, originating from Canada and used primarily by those imitating Canadians.
The House of Commons of Canada (Chambre des communes du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate.
Human skin color ranges in variety from the darkest brown to the lightest hues.
The humidex (short for humidity index) is an index number used by Canadian meteorologists to describe how hot the weather feels to the average person, by combining the effect of heat and humidity.
Huron County is a county of the province of Ontario, Canada.
Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.
An IETF language tag is an abbreviated language code (for example, en for English, pt-BR for Brazilian Portuguese, or nan-Hant-TW for Min Nan Chinese as spoken in Taiwan using traditional Han characters) defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) in the BCP 47 document series, which is currently composed of normative RFC 5646 (referencing the related RFC 5645) and RFC 4647, along with the normative content of the IANA Language Subtag Registry.
In Canada, an Indian reserve (réserve indienne) is specified by the Indian Act as a "tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band." First Nations reserves are the areas set aside for First Nations people after a contract with the Canadian state ("the Crown"), and are not to be confused with land claims areas, which involve all of that First Nations' traditional lands: a much larger territory than any other reserve.
In many common law jurisdictions (e.g., England and Wales, Ireland, Canada, Hong Kong, India, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Singapore), an indictable offence is an offence which can only be tried on an indictment after a preliminary hearing to determine whether there is a prima facie case to answer or by a grand jury (in contrast to a summary offence).
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
Indigenous peoples in Canada, also known as Native Canadians or Aboriginal Canadians, are the indigenous peoples within the boundaries of present-day Canada.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Inland Northern (American) English, also known in American linguistics as the Inland North or Great Lakes dialect, is an American English dialect spoken primarily by White Americans in a geographic band reaching from Central New York westward along the Erie Canal, through much of the U.S. Great Lakes region, to eastern Iowa.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
In computer network engineering, an Internet Standard is a normative specification of a technology or methodology applicable to the Internet.
An intersection is an at-grade junction where two or more roads meet or cross.
The Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest.
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Sir John Alexander Macdonald (11 January 1815 – 6 June 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada (1867–1873, 1878–1891).
Johnny Canuck is a Canadian cartoon hero and superhero who was created as a political cartoon in 1869 and was later re-invented, most notably as a Second World War action hero in 1942.
Juskatla is a settlement on Juskatla Inlet, a sidewater off the southern end of Masset Inlet on Graham Island, the largest and northernmost of the Queen Charlotte Islands off the North Coast of British Columbia, Canada.
Kleenex is a brand name for a variety of paper-based products such as facial tissue, bathroom tissue, paper towels, tampons, and diapers.
A knit cap, originally of wool (though now often of synthetic fibers) is designed to provide warmth in cold weather.
The product known as Kraft Dinner (KD) in Canada, Kraft Macaroni & Cheese Dinner or Kraft Mac and Cheese in the United States and Australia, and Macaroni Cheese or Cheesey Pasta in the United Kingdom, is a nonperishable, packaged dry macaroni and cheese product.
Lanark County is a county located in the Canadian province of Ontario.
A language code is a code that assigns letters or numbers as identifiers or classifiers for languages.
A multitude of languages are used in Canada.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor at law, or solicitor, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
Letter or ANSI Letter is a paper size commonly used as home or office stationery in the United States, Canada, Chile, Mexico, the Dominican Republic and the Philippines.
A level crossing is an intersection where a railway line crosses a road or path at the same level, as opposed to the railway line crossing over or under using a bridge or tunnel.
The Liberal Party of Canada (Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits, is the oldest federal political party in Canada.
In Canada, a lieutenant governor (French: lieutenant-gouverneur, or: lieutenant-gouverneure) is the viceregal representative in a provincial jurisdiction of the.
A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway, is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway (freeway or motorway), including limited or no access to adjacent property, some degree of separation of opposing traffic flow, use of grade separated interchanges to some extent, prohibition of some modes of transport such as bicycles or horses, and very few or no intersecting cross-streets.
List of Canadian English dictionaries.
The following is a list of the governors and Governors General of Canada.
The Canadian province of British Columbia is partitioned into regional districts, as a means to better enable municipalities and rural areas to work together at a regional level.
The Canadian one dollar coin, commonly called the loonie (huard), is a gold-coloured one-dollar coin introduced in 1987.
The Province of Lower Canada (province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791–1841).
Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War, often called Tories, Royalists, or King's Men at the time.
M&M's are "colorful button-shaped chocolates", each of which has the letter "m" printed in lower case on one side, surrounding a filling which varies depending upon the variety of M&M's.
Maclean's is a Canadian news magazine that was founded in 1905, reporting on Canadian issues such as politics, pop culture, and current events.
Macleod Trail is a major road in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
Mains electricity (as it is known in the UK; US terms include grid power, wall power, and domestic power) is the general-purpose alternating-current (AC) electric power supply.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
A master is a judge in the courts of England and in numerous other jurisdictions based on the common law tradition.
In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
The Métis in Canada are a group of peoples in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations peoples and European settlers.
A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada.
A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), or a Member of the Legislature (ML), is a representative elected by the voters of a constituency to the legislature or legislative assembly of a sub-national jurisdiction.
A Member of the National Assembly (MNA) is a member of the National Assembly of Quebec, Canada.
The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).
Metrication in Canada began in 1970 and while Canada has converted to the metric system for many purposes, there is still significant use of non-metric units and standards in many sectors of the Canadian economy.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
In slang, a Mickey Finn—or simply a Mickey—is a drink laced with a psychoactive drug or incapacitating agent (especially chloral hydrate) given to someone without their knowledge, with intent to incapacitate them.
The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States.
The Mid-Atlantic accent, or Transatlantic accent, is a consciously acquired accent of English, intended to blend together the "standard" speech of both American English and British Received Pronunciation.
In phonology, minimal pairs are pairs of words or phrases in a particular language that differ in only one phonological element, such as a phoneme, toneme or chroneme, and have distinct meanings.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
A misdemeanor (American English, spelled misdemeanour in British English) is any "lesser" criminal act in some common law legal systems.
Moby-Dick; or, The Whale is an 1851 novel by American writer Herman Melville.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Moonshine was originally a slang term for high-proof distilled spirits usually produced illicitly, without government authorization.
In linguistics, morphology is the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language.
Movable type (US English; moveable type in British English) is the system and technology of printing and typography that uses movable components to reproduce the elements of a document (usually individual letters or punctuation) usually on the medium of paper.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
A multistorey car park (UK English) or parking garage (US English; also called a multistorey, parkade (mainly Canadian), parking structure, parking ramp, parking building, parking deck or indoor parking) is a building designed for car parking and where there are a number of floors or levels on which parking takes place.
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Newfoundland (Terre-Neuve) is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland and Labrador (Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador; Akamassiss; Newfoundland Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradar) is the most easterly province of Canada.
The Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly is one of two components of the General Assembly of Newfoundland and Labrador, the other being the Queen of Canada in Right of Newfoundland and Labrador, represented by the Lieutenant-Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador.
An outport is the term given for a small isolated coastal community in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
North American English (NAmE, NAE) is the most generalized variety of the English language as spoken in the United States and Canada.
North Dakota is a U.S. state in the midwestern and northern regions of the United States.
North Sea Germanic, also known as Ingvaeonic, is a postulated grouping of the northern West Germanic languages, consisting of Old Frisian, Old English and Old Saxon and their descendants.
Northern American English or Northern U.S. English (also, Northern AmE) is a class of distinct American English dialects, spoken by predominantly white Americans, best documented in the greater metropolitan areas of Rhode Island, Connecticut, Western Massachusetts, Western and Central New York, Northwestern New Jersey, Northeastern Pennsylvania, Northern Illinois, Northern Ohio, Eastern South Dakota, and the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, plus parts of Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and even the Canadian region of Southern Ontario.
Northern Canada, colloquially the North, is the vast northernmost region of Canada variously defined by geography and politics.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
Northern Ontario is a primary geographic and administrative region of the Canadian province of Ontario; the other primary region being Southern Ontario.
A notary public (or notary or public notary) of the common law is a public officer constituted by law to serve the public in non-contentious matters usually concerned with estates, deeds, powers-of-attorney, and foreign and international business.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
The Grand Orange Lodge of British America, more commonly known as the Grand Orange Lodge of Canada or simply Orange Order in Canada, is the Canadian branch of the Orange Order, a Protestant fraternal organization that began in County Armagh, Ireland, in 1795.
An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
The Ottawa Citizen is an English-language daily newspaper owned by Postmedia Network in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
The Ottawa Valley is the valley of the Ottawa River, along the boundary between Eastern Ontario and the Outaouais, Quebec, Canada.
Ottawa Valley English is Canadian English of the Ottawa Valley, particularly in reference to the historical local varieties of the area, now largely in decline.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pacific Northwest English (also known, in the United States, as Northwest English) is a variety of North American English that is geographically defined as being spoken in the U.S. states of Washington and Oregon, sometimes also including Idaho and the Canadian province of British Columbia.
Many paper size standards conventions have existed at different times and in different countries.
Parkway may refer to.
The Parliament of Canada (Parlement du Canada) is the federal legislature of Canada, seated at Parliament Hill in Ottawa, the national capital.
Parry Sound is a town in Ontario, Canada, located on the eastern shore of the sound after which it is named.
The Parti Québécois (French for Quebec Party; PQ) is a sovereignist provincial political party in Quebec in Canada.
Peameal bacon (also known as cornmeal bacon) is a type of back bacon made from lean boneless pork loin, trimmed fine, wet cured, and rolled in cornmeal.
Perth County is a county in the Canadian province of Ontario in Southwestern Ontario, west of Toronto.
The phonology of the low back vowels of the English language has undergone changes both overall and with regional variations, through Old and Middle English to the present.
Phonology is a branch of linguistics concerned with the systematic organization of sounds in languages.
The pint (symbol pt, sometimes abbreviated as "p") is a unit of volume or capacity in both the imperial and United States customary measurement systems.
A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, Eircode, PIN Code or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.
A Canadian postal code is a six-character string that forms part of a postal address in Canada.
Postmedia News is a national news agency with correspondents in Canada, Europe, and the United States and is part of the Canadian newspaper chain owned by Postmedia Network Inc.
Poutine (Quebec French) is a dish originating from the Canadian province of Quebec consisting of French fries and cheese curds topped with a brown gravy.
Prairies are ecosystems considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and a composition of grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type.
Premier is a title for the head of government in some countries, states and sub-national governments.
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
The Prime Minister of Canada (Premier ministre du Canada) is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and thus Canada's head of government, charged with advising the Canadian monarch or Governor General of Canada on the exercise of the executive powers vested in them by the constitution.
Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada consisting of the island of the same name, and several much smaller islands.
Pronunciation is the way in which a word or a language is spoken.
Public Services and Procurement Canada (formerly referred to as Public Works and Government Services Canada or the Department of Public Works and Government Services) is the department of the Government of Canada with responsibility for the government's internal servicing and administration.
A public toilet is a room or small building with one or more toilets (or urinals) available for use by the general public, or by customers or employees of a business.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Québec French (français québécois; also known as Québécois French or simply Québécois) is the predominant variety of the French language in Canada, in its formal and informal registers.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
A quiggly hole, also known as a pit-house or simply as a quiggly or kekuli, is the remains of an earth lodge built by the First Nations people of the Interior of British Columbia and the Columbia Plateau in the U.S. The word quiggly comes from kick willy or keekwulee, the Chinook Jargon word for "beneath" or "under".
A rain gutter or surface water collection channel is a component of water discharge system for a building.
In phonology and phonetics, raising is a sound change in which a vowel or consonant becomes higher or raised, meaning that the tongue becomes more elevated or positioned closer to the roof of the mouth than before.
A Rancherie is a First Nations residential area of an Indian Reserve in colloquial English throughout the Canadian province of British Columbia.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
The Red River Valley is a region in central North America that is drained by the Red River of the North; it is part of both Canada and the United States.
A Red Tory is an adherent of a centre-right or paternalistic-conservative political philosophy derived from the Tory tradition, predominantly in Canada, but also in the United Kingdom.
Spoken English shows great variation across regions where it is the predominant language.
The Regional Municipality of York, also called York Region, is a regional municipality in Southern Ontario, Canada, between Lake Simcoe and Toronto.
Religion in Canada encompasses a wide range of groups and beliefs.
In electronics, a remote control or clicker is a component of an electronic device used to operate the device from a distance, usually wirelessly.
Ireland (Éire), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.
Rhoticity in English refers to English speakers' pronunciation of the historical rhotic consonant, and is one of the most prominent distinctions by which varieties of English can be classified.
The Royal Canadian Institute for Science, also known as the Royal Canadian Institute is an organization dedicated to the advancement of science.
Saint John is the port city of the Bay of Fundy in the Canadian province of New Brunswick.
Saskatchewan is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without natural borders.
The name of a geographic area in Saskatchewan, Canada encompassing generally a triangle from North Battleford, to Saskatoon, north to the Saskatchewan River Forks east of Prince Albert, Saskatchewan.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Scottish English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Scotland.
The Senate of Canada (Sénat du Canada) is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons and the Monarch (represented by the Governor General).
Sherwood Park Freeway is a freeway that connects east Edmonton to Sherwood Park in Alberta, Canada.
Skookum is a Chinook Jargon word that has historical use in the Pacific Northwest.
Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.
Smarties are a colour-varied sugar-coated chocolate confectionery.
In the United States, Smarties are a type of tablet candy produced by Smarties Candy Company, formerly known as Ce De Candy Inc., since 1949.
In sociolinguistics, a sociolect or social dialect is a variety of language (a register) used by a socioeconomic class, a profession, an age group or other social group.
A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions.
Southwestern Ontario is a secondary region of Southern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Standard Canadian English is the greatly homogeneous variety of Canadian English spoken particularly all across central and western Canada, as well as throughout Canada among urban middle-class speakers from English-speaking families, excluding the regional dialects of Atlantic Canadian English.
Statistics Canada (Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the Government of Canada government agency commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture.
A summary offence is a crime in some common law jurisdictions that can be proceeded against summarily, without the right to a jury trial and/or indictment (required for an indictable offence).
A summer camp or sleepaway camp is a supervised program for children or teenagers conducted during the summer months in some countries.
The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
A tap (also spigot or faucet: see usage variations) is a valve controlling the release of a liquid or gas.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
A tent is a shelter consisting of sheets of fabric or other material draped over, attached to a frame of poles or attached to a supporting rope.
The Canadian Press (CP; La Presse Canadienne) is a national news agency headquartered in Toronto, Canada.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada.
The Irish Times is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859.
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI).
Thunder Bay is a city in, and the seat of, Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canada.
Tim Hortons Inc. (known internationally as Tim Hortons Cafe and Bake Shop, colloquially and corporately known as Timmys, Timmies, Timmy, or Tims) is a Canadian-based multinational fast food restaurant known for its coffee and donuts.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
The Canadian two-dollar coin, commonly called the toonie, is the highest monetary value among Canadian coins.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
The Toronto Star is a Canadian broadsheet daily newspaper.
A Tory is a person who holds a political philosophy, known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved throughout history.
The Trans-Canada Highway (French: Route Transcanadienne) is a transcontinental federal-provincial highway system that travels through all ten provinces of Canada from the Pacific Ocean on the west to the Atlantic on the east.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Unified English Braille Code (UEBC, formerly UBC, now usually simply UEB) is an English language Braille code standard, developed to permit representing the wide variety of literary and technical material in use in the English-speaking world today, in uniform fashion.
The United Counties of Leeds and Grenville is a county in Ontario, Canada, in the Eastern Ontario subregion of Southern Ontario.
The United Counties of Prescott and Russell (Comtés unis de Prescott et Russell) are consolidated counties located in the Canadian province of Ontario.
The United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry is an upper-tier municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario that comprises three historical counties and excludes the City of Cornwall and the Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne.
United Empire Loyalists (or Loyalists) is an honorific given in 1799 by Lord Dorchester, the governor of Quebec and Governor-general of British North America, to American Loyalists who resettled in British North America during or after the American Revolution.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Columbia.
The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution.
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.
The Vancouver Canucks are a professional ice hockey team based in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Vancouver Island is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, just off the coast of Canada.
In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster.
Vi-Co was a brand of chocolate milk manufactured by the company Dairy Producers.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
A visible minority is defined by the Canadian government as "persons, other than aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour".
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
A vowel shift is a systematic sound change in the pronunciation of the vowel sounds of a language.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Walter de Gruyter GmbH (or; brand name: De Gruyter) is a scholarly publishing house specializing in academic literature.
The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies from June 1812 to February 1815.
Waste Connections of Canada (formerly Progressive Waste Solutions) is Canadian waste collection company that provides non-hazardous solid waste collection, recycling and disposal services to commercial, industrial, municipal and residential customers in 13 U.S. states and the District of Columbia and six Canadian provinces.
The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).
Western American English (also known as Western U.S. English or in the U.S., simply, Western) is a variety of American English that largely unites the entire western half of the United States as a single dialect region, including the states of California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming.
Western Canada, also referred to as the Western provinces and more commonly known as the West, is a region of Canada that includes the four provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
Whole wheat bread or wholemeal bread is a type of bread made using flour that is partly or entirely milled from whole or almost-whole wheat grains, see whole-wheat flour and whole grain.
William "Bill" Labov (born December 4, 1927) is an American linguist, widely regarded as the founder of the discipline of variationist sociolinguistics.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
Yellowhead Trail is a expressway segment of the Yellowhead Highway (Highway 16) in northern Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
Yukon (also commonly called the Yukon) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three federal territories (the other two are the Northwest Territories and Nunavut).
Z (named zed or zee "Z", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "zee", op. cit.) is the 26th and final letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
ZIP Codes are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS) since 1963.
The 400-series highways are a network of controlled-access highways throughout the southern portion of the Canadian province of Ontario, forming a special subset of the provincial highway system.
British Columbia English, British Columbian English, CaE, CanE, CanEng, Canada English, Canadian Accent, Canadian English language, Canadian Prairies English, Canadian accents, Canadian english, Canadian grammar, Canadian slang, Canadian spelling, Central Ontario English, Eastern Ontario English, En-CA, English in Canada, English language in Canada, Midwestern Ontario English, Southwestern Ontario English, Toronto English, West-Central Canadian English, West/Central Canadian English.