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Canard (aeronautics)

Index Canard (aeronautics)

A canard is an aeronautical arrangement wherein a small forewing or foreplane is placed forward of the main wing of a fixed-wing aircraft. [1]

76 relations: Aeronautics, Airfoil, Ambrosini SS.4, Angle of attack, Angle of incidence (aerodynamics), Aspect ratio, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), Atlas Cheetah, Avtek 400A, Beechcraft Starship, Box kite, Brigadier, Burt Rutan, Camber (aerodynamics), Chengdu J-10, Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender, Dassault Mirage, Dassault Mirage III, Dassault Rafale, De Bruyère C 1, Delta wing, Downwash, Duck, Eurofighter Typhoon, Fabre Hydravion, Fixed-wing aircraft, Flap (aeronautics), Fly-by-wire, Focke-Wulf F 19, IAI Kfir, Jet Age, Joint Strike Fighter program, Kyushu J7W, Lift coefficient, Lift-induced drag, List of canard aircraft, Longitudinal static stability, Louis Blériot, McDonnell Douglas X-36, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15, Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8, NASA, North American Aviation, North American XB-70 Valkyrie, Oblique wing, OMAC Laser 300, Otto Lilienthal, Pitch-up, Popular Science, Pusher configuration, ..., Radar, Radar cross-section, Rockwell B-1 Lancer, Rotorcraft, Rutan Long-EZ, Rutan VariEze, Rutan VariViggen, Saab 37 Viggen, Saab JAS 39 Gripen, Santos-Dumont 14-bis, Soviet Union, Stall (fluid mechanics), Stealth aircraft, Sukhoi T-4, Supercruise, Tailless aircraft, Tailplane, Tandem wing, Three-surface aircraft, Transonic, Tupolev Tu-144, Universal joint, Wave drag, Wing configuration, Wright brothers, Wright Flyer. Expand index (26 more) »


Aeronautics (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere.

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An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).

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Ambrosini SS.4

The SAI-Ambrosini SS.4 was an Italian fighter prototype developed in the late 1930s, featuring a canard-style wing layout and a 'pusher' propeller.

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Angle of attack

In fluid dynamics, angle of attack (AOA, or \alpha (Greek letter alpha)) is the angle between a reference line on a body (often the chord line of an airfoil) and the vector representing the relative motion between the body and the fluid through which it is moving.

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Angle of incidence (aerodynamics)

On fixed-wing aircraft, the angle of incidence (sometimes referred to as the mounting angle) is the angle between the chord line of the wing where the wing is mounted to the fuselage, and a reference axis along the fuselage (often the direction of minimum drag, or where applicable, the longitudinal axis).

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Aspect ratio

The aspect ratio of a geometric shape is the ratio of its sizes in different dimensions.

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Aspect ratio (aeronautics)

In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its mean chord.

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Atlas Cheetah

The Atlas Cheetah is a South African fighter aircraft developed for the South African Air Force (SAAF), and currently operated by the Ecuadorian Air Force (FAE).

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Avtek 400A

The Avtek 400A was a prototype turboprop-powered business aircraft developed in the United States in the early 1980s.

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Beechcraft Starship

The Beechcraft Starship is a twin-turboprop six- to eight-passenger pressurized business aircraft produced by Beech Aircraft Corporation (now Beechcraft).

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Box kite

A box kite is a high performance kite, noted for developing relatively high lift; it is a type within the family of cellular kites.

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Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.

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Burt Rutan

Elbert Leander "Burt" Rutan (born June 17, 1943) is a retired American aerospace engineer noted for his originality in designing light, strong, unusual-looking, energy-efficient aircraft.

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Camber (aerodynamics)

In aeronautics and aeronautical engineering, camber is the asymmetry between the two acting surfaces of an aerofoil, with the top surface of a wing (or correspondingly the front surface of a propeller blade) commonly being more convex (positive camber).

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Chengdu J-10

The Chengdu J-10 (simplified Chinese: 歼-10; traditional Chinese: 殲-10; NATO reporting name: Firebird is a lightweight multirole fighter aircraft capable of all-weather operation, configured with a delta wing and canard design, with fly-by-wire flight controls, and produced by the People's Republic of China's Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).

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Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender

The Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender (company designation CW-24) was a 1940s United States prototype fighter aircraft built by Curtiss-Wright.

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Dassault Mirage

Mirage is a name given to several types of jet aircraft designed by the French company Dassault Aviation (formerly Avions Marcel Dassault), some of which were produced in different variants.

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Dassault Mirage III

The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation.

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Dassault Rafale

The Dassault Rafale (literally meaning "gust of wind", and "burst of fire" in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.

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De Bruyère C 1

The de Bruyère C 1 was a prototype French single seat pusher canard Fighter of unusual design produced during World War I. The sole example built crashed on its first flight, and development terminated.

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Delta wing

The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.

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In aeronautics downwash is the change in direction of air deflected by the aerodynamic action of an airfoil, wing or helicopter rotor blade in motion, as part of the process of producing lift.

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Duck is the common name for a large number of species in the waterfowl family Anatidae, which also includes swans and geese.

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Eurofighter Typhoon

The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter.

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Fabre Hydravion

Fabre Hydravion is the name used in English-language sources for an originally unnamed experimental floatplane designed by Henri Fabre.

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Fixed-wing aircraft

A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.

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Flap (aeronautics)

Flaps are a type of high-lift device used to increase the lift of an aircraft wing at a given airspeed.

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Fly-by-wire (FBW) is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface.

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Focke-Wulf F 19

The Focke-Wulf F 19 Ente (German: "Duck") was a German experimental "canard" aircraft in the late 1920s.

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IAI Kfir

The Israel Aircraft Industries Kfir (כְּפִיר, "Lion Cub") is an Israeli-built all-weather, multirole combat aircraft based on a modified French Dassault Mirage 5 airframe, with Israeli avionics and an Israeli-built version of the General Electric J79 turbojet engine.

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Jet Age

The Jet Age is a period in the history of aviation defined by the advent of aircraft powered by turbine engines, and by the social change this brought about.

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Joint Strike Fighter program

Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) is a development and acquisition program intended to replace a wide range of existing fighter, strike, and ground attack aircraft for the United States, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Italy, Canada, Australia, the Netherlands and their allies.

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Kyushu J7W

The Kyūshū J7W1 Shinden (震電, "Magnificent Lightning") fighter was a World War II Japanese propeller-driven aircraft prototype with wings at the rear of the fuselage, a nose mounted canard, and pusher engine.

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Lift coefficient

The lift coefficient (CL, CN or Cz) is a dimensionless coefficient that relates the lift generated by a lifting body to the fluid density around the body, the fluid velocity and an associated reference area.

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Lift-induced drag

In aerodynamics, lift-induced drag, induced drag, vortex drag, or sometimes drag due to lift, is an aerodynamic drag force that occurs whenever a moving object redirects the airflow coming at it.

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List of canard aircraft

This is a list of canard aircraft, having a foreplane in front of the main wing instead of a conventional tailplane.

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Longitudinal static stability

In flight dynamics, longitudinal static stability is the stability of an aircraft in the longitudinal, or pitching, plane under steady flight conditions.

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Louis Blériot

Louis Charles Joseph Blériot (1 July 1872 – 1 August 1936) was a French aviator, inventor and engineer.

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McDonnell Douglas X-36

The McDonnell Douglas (later Boeing) X-36 Tailless Fighter Agility Research Aircraft was an American subscale prototype jet designed to fly without the traditional tail assembly found on most aircraft.

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Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-15; USAF/DoD designation: Type 14; NATO reporting name: Fagot) is a jet fighter aircraft developed by Mikoyan-Gurevich for the Soviet Union.

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Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8 Utka ((Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-8 «Утка»), "duck") was a Soviet experimental aircraft.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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North American Aviation

North American Aviation (NAA) was a major American aerospace manufacturer, responsible for a number of historic aircraft, including the T-6 Texan trainer, the P-51 Mustang fighter, the B-25 Mitchell bomber, the F-86 Sabre jet fighter, the X-15 rocket plane, and the XB-70, as well as Apollo Command and Service Module, the second stage of the Saturn V rocket, the Space Shuttle orbiter and the B-1 Lancer.

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North American XB-70 Valkyrie

The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command.

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Oblique wing

An oblique wing (also called a slewed wing) is a variable geometry wing concept.

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OMAC Laser 300

The OMAC Laser 300, originally named the OMAC I was a business aircraft built in the United States in 1981 but which never reached production.

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Otto Lilienthal

Otto Lilienthal (23 May 1848 – 10 August 1896) was a German pioneer of aviation who became known as the flying man.

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In aerodynamics, pitch-up is a severe form of stall in an aircraft.

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Popular Science

Popular Science (also known as PopSci) is an American quarterly magazine carrying popular science content, which refers to articles for the general reader on science and technology subjects.

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Pusher configuration

In a vehicle with a pusher configuration (as opposed to a tractor configuration), the propeller(s) are mounted behind their respective engine(s).

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Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.

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Radar cross-section

Radar cross-section (RCS) is a measure of how detectable an object is by radar.

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Rockwell B-1 Lancer

The Rockwell B-1 LancerThe name "Lancer" is only applied to the B-1B version, after the program was revived.

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A rotorcraft or rotary-wing aircraft is a heavier-than-air flying machine that uses lift generated by wings, called rotary wings or rotor blades, that revolve around a mast.

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Rutan Long-EZ

The Rutan Model 61 Long-EZ is a homebuilt aircraft with a canard layout designed by Burt Rutan's Rutan Aircraft Factory.

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Rutan VariEze

The Rutan VariEze is a composite, canard aircraft designed by Burt Rutan.

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Rutan VariViggen

No description.

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Saab 37 Viggen

The Saab 37 Viggen ("Thunderbolt") is a retired Swedish single-seat, single-engine, short-medium range combat aircraft.

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Saab JAS 39 Gripen

The Saab JAS 39 Gripen (English: "griffin") is a light single-engine multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Swedish aerospace company Saab.

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Santos-Dumont 14-bis

The 14-bis (Quatorze-bis), also known as Oiseau de proie ("bird of prey" in French), was a pioneer era canard biplane designed and built by Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Stall (fluid mechanics)

In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.

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Stealth aircraft

Stealth aircraft are designed to avoid detection using a variety of technologies that reduce reflection/emission of radar, infrared, visible light, radio-frequency (RF) spectrum, and audio, collectively known as stealth technology.

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Sukhoi T-4

The Sukhoi T-4, or "Aircraft 100", or "Project 100", or "Sotka" was a Soviet high-speed reconnaissance, anti-ship and strategic bomber aircraft that did not proceed beyond the prototype stage.

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Supercruise is sustained supersonic flight of a supersonic aircraft with a useful cargo, passenger, or weapons load performed efficiently, which typically precludes the use of highly inefficient afterburners or "reheat".

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Tailless aircraft

A tailless aircraft has no tail assembly and no other horizontal surface besides its main wing.

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A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.

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Tandem wing

QAC Quickie Q2 A tandem wing aircraft has two main wings, with one located forward and the other to the rear.

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Three-surface aircraft

A three-surface aircraft or sometimes three-lifting-surface aircraft has a foreplane, a central wing and a tailplane.

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In aeronautics, transonic (or transsonic) flight is flying at or near the speed of sound (at sea level under average conditions), relative to the air through which the vehicle is traveling.

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Tupolev Tu-144

The Tupolev Tu-144 (Tyполев Ту-144; NATO reporting name: Charger) is a retired jet airliner and commercial supersonic transport aircraft (SST).

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Universal joint

A universal joint (universal coupling, U-joint, Cardan joint, Spicer or Hardy Spicer joint, or Hooke's joint) is a joint or coupling connecting rigid rods whose axes are inclined to each other, and is commonly used in shafts that transmit rotary motion.

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Wave drag

In aeronautics, wave drag is a component of the aerodynamic drag on aircraft wings and fuselage, propeller blade tips and projectiles moving at transonic and supersonic speeds, due to the presence of shock waves.

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Wing configuration

The wing configuration of a fixed-wing aircraft (including both gliders and powered aeroplanes or airplanes) is its arrangement of lifting and related surfaces.

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Wright brothers

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.

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Wright Flyer

The Wright Flyer (often retrospectively referred to as Flyer I or 1903 Flyer) was the first successful heavier-than-air powered aircraft.

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Canard aero, Canard aeronautics, Canard aircraft, Foreplane, Front mounted elevator.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canard_(aeronautics)

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