71 relations: Alexander Grischuk, Alexandra Kosteniuk, Anish Giri, Browse wrap, Candidates Tournament, Candidates Tournament 2018, Catalan Opening, Cease and desist, Central Telegraph, Chess, Chess World Cup 2015, Chess.com, Chess24.com, ChessBase, Chilling effect, Choice of law, David Smerdon, Der Spiegel, Elo rating system, European Chess Union, Evgenij Miroshnichenko, Fabiano Caruana, FIDE, FIDE Grand Prix 2014–15, FIDE world rankings, Forbes, Forum selection clause, Giuoco Piano, Glossary of chess, Grünfeld Defence, Hikaru Nakamura, Imprisonment, Internet Chess Club, King's Indian Attack, King's Indian Defence, Levon Aronian, Magnus Carlsen, Mark Dvoretsky, Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Moscow, Moscow Kremlin, Norway, NRK, Peter Svidler, Portable Game Notation, Queen's Gambit Declined, Réti Opening, Round-robin tournament, Russia, Samvel Karapetyan (businessman), ..., Semi-Slav Defense, Sergey Karjakin, Sicilian Defence, Silvio Danailov, Sofia, Sonneborn–Berger score, Standard form contract, Stuart Conquest, The Guardian, The Week in Chess, Tor (anonymity network), Touch-move rule, Twitter, Veselin Topalov, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, Wild card (sports), World Chess Championship 2010, World Chess Championship 2014, World Chess Championship 2016, Zurab Azmaiparashvili. Expand index (21 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Igorevich Grischuk (Алекса́ндр И́горевич Грищу́к; born October 31, 1983) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Alexandra Konstantinovna Kosteniuk (Алекса́ндра Константи́новна Костеню́к; born 23 April 1984) is a Russian chess grandmaster and Women's World Chess Champion from 2008 to 2010.
Anish Kumar Giri (अनिश कुमार गिरी; born June 28, 1994) is a Russian-born Dutch Grandmaster and former chess prodigy.
Browse-wrap (also Browserwrap or browse-wrap license) is a term used in Internet law to refer to a contract or license agreement covering access to or use of materials on a web site or downloadable product.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
The Candidates Tournament 2018 was an eight-player double round-robin chess tournament, which was held in Berlin, Germany, between 10–28 March 2018.
The Catalan is a chess opening where White adopts a combination of the Queen's Gambit and Réti Opening: White plays d4 and c4 and fianchettoes the white bishop on g2.
A cease and desist letter is a document sent to an individual or business to stop purportedly illegal activity ("cease") and not to restart it ("desist").
OPJS Central Telegraph (Центральный телеграф) is a Russian telecommunications company which provides different services such as fixed line telephony and internet access, IPTV, rental of communication channels, electrical documentation, integrated business solutions such as IP PBX and video surveillance.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
The Chess World Cup 2015 was a 128-player single-elimination chess tournament held in Baku, Azerbaijan, from 10 September to 5 October 2015.
Chess.com is an Internet chess server, Internet forum and social networking website; it is also the name of the company that runs the site.
chess24.com is an Internet chess website in English, Spanish and German established in 2014.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
In a legal context, a chilling effect is the inhibition or discouragement of the legitimate exercise of natural and legal rights by the threat of legal sanction.
Choice of law is a procedural stage in the litigation of a case involving the conflict of laws when it is necessary to reconcile the differences between the laws of different legal jurisdictions, such as sovereign states, federated states (as in the US), or provinces.
David Craig Smerdon (born 17 September 1984) is an Australian chess grandmaster and economist.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.
The European Chess Union (ECU) is an independent association for the interests of European chess.
Evgenij Miroshnichenko (born December 28, 1978), or "Miro", as he likes to be called, is a Ukrainian chess Grandmaster.
Fabiano Luigi Caruana (born July 30, 1992) is an Italian-American chess grandmaster.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The FIDE Grand Prix 2014–15 was a series of four chess tournaments that formed part of the qualification cycle for the World Chess Championship 2016.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) is the organization that governs international chess competition.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
A forum selection clause (sometimes called a dispute resolution clause, choice of court clause, jurisdiction clause or an arbitration clause, depending upon its form) in a contract with a conflict of laws element allows the parties to agree that any disputes relating to that contract will be resolved in a specific forum.
The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
is a Japanese-American chess grandmaster.
Imprisonment (from imprison Old French, French emprisonner, from en in + prison prison, from Latin prensio, arrest, from prehendere, prendere, to seize) is the restraint of a person's liberty, for any cause whatsoever, whether by authority of the government, or by a person acting without such authority.
The Internet Chess Club (ICC) is a commercial Internet chess server devoted to the play and discussion of chess and chess variants.
The King's Indian Attack (or KIA), also known as the Barcza System (after Gedeon Barcza), is a chess opening system for White.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
Levon Grigori Aronian (Լևոն Գրիգորի Արոնյան Levon Grigori Aronyan; born 6 October 1982) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
Mark Izrailovich Dvoretsky (Марк Израилевич Дворецкий; December 9, 1947 – September 26, 2016) was a Russian chess trainer, writer, and International Master.
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (born 21 October 1990) is a French chess grandmaster.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The Moscow Kremlin (p), usually referred to as the Kremlin, is a fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil's Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
NRK (an abbreviation of the Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS, generally expressed in English as the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation) is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in Norway.
Pyotr Veniaminovich Svidler (Пётр Вениами́нович Сви́длер; born 17 June 1976) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Portable Game Notation (PGN) is a plain text computer-processible format for recording chess games (both the moves and related data), supported by many chess programs.
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves: White plans to bring the d5-pawn under attack from the, or entice it to advance to d4 and undermine it later.
A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Samvel Karapetyan (born July 31, 1965) is an Armenian-born Russian billionaire businessman, the owner of the real estate company Tashir Group.
The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queen's Gambit chess opening defined by the position reached after the moves: The position may readily be reached by a number of different.
Sergey Alexandrovich Karjakin (Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Каря́кин,; born 12 January 1990) is a Russian (formerly representing Ukraine) chess grandmaster.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
Silvio Danailov (Силвио Данаилов; born 21 April 1961) is a former Bulgarian chess player and International Master.
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
The Sonneborn–Berger score (or the Neustadtl score) is a scoring system often used to break ties in chess tournaments.
A standard form contract (sometimes referred to as a contract of adhesion, a leonine contract, a take-it-or-leave-it contract, or a boilerplate contract) is a contract between two parties, where the terms and conditions of the contract are set by one of the parties, and the other party has little or no ability to negotiate more favorable terms and is thus placed in a "take it or leave it" position.
Stuart Conquest (born 1 March 1967 in Ilford, England) is an English chess Grandmaster, commentator and tournament director.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Week in Chess (TWIC) is one of the first, if not the first, Internet-based chess news services.
Tor is free software for enabling anonymous communication.
The touch-move rule in chess specifies that, if a player deliberately touches a piece on the board when it is his turn to move, then he must move or capture that piece if it is legal to do so.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
Veselin Aleksandrov Topalov (pronounced; Весели́н Александров Топа́лов; born 15 March 1975) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and former FIDE World Chess Champion.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
A wild card (variously spelled wildcard or wild-card, also known as at-large berth) is a tournament or playoff berth awarded to an individual or team that fails to win a division or conference within their league but qualifies based on their record compared to others in the same league who also did not win their divisions or conferences.
The World Chess Championship 2010 match pitted the defending world champion, Viswanathan Anand, against challenger Veselin Topalov, for the title of World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2014 was a match between the world champion Magnus Carlsen and challenger Viswanathan Anand, to determine the World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2016 was a chess match between reigning world champion Magnus Carlsen and challenger Sergey Karjakin to determine the World Chess Champion.
Zurab Azmaiparashvili (ზურაბ აზმაიფარაშვილი; born 16 March 1960) is a chess Grandmaster from Georgia.