100 relations: Andrew of Crete, Antoine Brumel, Antoine Busnois, Arnold Schoenberg, Ars nova, Ars subtilior, Arvo Pärt, Baroque music, Byzantine music, Canon (film), Canon (hymnography), Canon (music), Conlon Nancarrow, Contrapuntal motion, Counterpoint, Crab canon, Daedalus, Denis Matthews, Diatonic scale, Double canon, Duration (music), England, Ernest H. Sanders, Felix Mendelssohn, Frère Jacques, Fugue, George Frideric Handel, Gherardello da Firenze, Giovanni Battista Martini, Glossary of musical terminology, Goldberg Variations, Greek language, Guillaume de Machaut, Guillaume Du Fay, Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis, Ignaz von Seyfried, Imitation (music), Interval (music), Inversion (music), Jacob Senleches, Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Brahms, Johannes Ciconia, Johannes Ockeghem, John Tyrrell (musicologist), Joseph Haydn, Josquin des Prez, Larry Polansky, Latin, ..., Latinisation of names, Ludwig van Beethoven, Luigi Nono, Major third, Maraca, Medieval music, Melody, Midi, Minor third, Mirror canon, Missa prolationum, Music, Ninth, Olivier Messiaen, Pachelbel's Canon, Part (music), Permutation (music), Perpetuum mobile, Peter Maxwell Davies, Phase music, Phaser (effect), Piano Sonata No. 29 (Beethoven), Pierre de la Rue, Player piano, Prolation canon, Renaissance music, Retrograde (music), Rhythm, Richard Taruskin, Round (music), Row, Row, Row Your Boat, Scherzo, Self-similarity, Six Pieces for Piano, Op. 118 (Brahms), Stanley Sadie, Steve Reich, Subject (music), Sumer Is Icumen In, Texture (music), The Mountain in Labour, The Musical Offering, Thomas Morley, Tom Johnson (composer), Trecento, Trinity, Trois petites liturgies de la présence divine, Vibraphone, Virelai, William Byrd, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Expand index (50 more) » « Shrink index
Saint Andrew of Crete (Ἀνδρέας Κρήτης, c. 650 – July 4, 712 or 726 or 740), also known as Andrew of Jerusalem, was an 8th-century bishop, theologian, homilist, and hymnographer.
Antoine Brumel (c. 1460 – 1512 or 1513) was a French composer.
Antoine Busnois (also Busnoys) (c. 1430 – 6 November 1492) was a French composer and poet of the early Renaissance Burgundian School.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
Ars nova (Latin for new art)Fallows, David.
Ars subtilior (more subtle art) is a musical style characterized by rhythmic and notational complexity, centered on Paris, Avignon in southern France, also in northern Spain at the end of the fourteenth century.
Arvo Pärt (born 11 September 1935) is an Estonian composer of classical and religious music.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
Byzantine music is the music of the Byzantine Empire.
Canon is a 1964 National Film Board of Canada animated short co-directed by Norman McLaren and Grant Munro that offers a visual representation of the canon musical form through three animated segments.
A canon is a structured hymn used in a number of Eastern Orthodox services.
In music, a canon is a contrapuntal (counterpoint-based) compositional technique that employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration (e.g., quarter rest, one measure, etc.). The initial melody is called the leader (or dux), while the imitative melody, which is played in a different voice, is called the follower (or comes).
Conlon Nancarrow (October 27, 1912 – August 10, 1997) was an American-born composer who lived and worked in Mexico for most of his life.
In music theory, contrapuntal motion is the general movement of two melodic lines with respect to each other.
In music, counterpoint is the relationship between voices that are harmonically interdependent (polyphony) yet independent in rhythm and contour.
A crab canon (also known by the Latin form of the name, canon cancrizans; as well as retrograde canon, canon per recte et retro or canon per rectus et inversus) is an arrangement of two musical lines that are complementary and backward, similar to a palindrome.
In Greek mythology, Daedalus (Δαίδαλος Daidalos "cunningly wrought", perhaps related to δαιδάλλω "to work artfully"; Daedalus; Etruscan: Taitale) was a skillful craftsman and artist.
Denis Matthews (27 February 191925 December 1988) was an English pianist and musicologist.
In western music theory, a diatonic scale is a heptatonic scale that includes five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in each octave, in which the two half steps are separated from each other by either two or three whole steps, depending on their position in the scale.
Double canon may refer to.
In music, duration is an amount of time or a particular time interval: how long or short a note, phrase, section, or composition lasts.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Ernest Helmut Sanders (4 December 1918 – 13 January 2018) was a German-born American musicologist.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
Frère Jacques (in the nursery rhyme and in song more generally; English: "Brother John"; Dutch: "Vader Jacob" (Netherlands) or "Broeder Jacob" (Flanders), German: "Meister Jakob" or "Bruder Jakob", Italian: "Fra' Martino", Polish: "Panie Janie", Danish: "Mester Jakob", Croatian: "Bratec Martin", Slovenian: "Mojster Jaka", Hebrew: "Achinu HaNehag" "אחינו הנהג"), is a nursery rhyme of French origin.
In music, a fugue is a contrapuntal compositional technique in two or more voices, built on a subject (a musical theme) that is introduced at the beginning in imitation (repetition at different pitches) and which recurs frequently in the course of the composition.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
Gherardello da Firenze (also Niccolò di Francesco or Ghirardellus de Florentia) (1320-1325 – 1362 or 1363) was an Italian composer of the Trecento.
Giovanni Battista or Giambattista Martini, O.F.M. Conv. (24 April 1706 – 3 August 1784), also known as Padre Martini, was an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar, who was a leading musician and composer of the period.
This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes.
The Goldberg Variations, BWV 988, are a work written for harpsichord by Johann Sebastian Bach, consisting of an aria and a set of 30 variations.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Guillaume de Machaut (sometimes spelled Machault; c. 1300 – April 1377) was a medieval French poet and composer.
Guillaume Du Fay (also Dufay, Du Fayt; 5 August, c. 1397; accessed June 23, 2015. – 27 November 1474) was a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance.
The Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis (abbreviated as HWV) is the Catalogue of Handel's Works.
Ignaz Joseph Ritter von Seyfried (15 August 1776 – 27 August 1841) was an Austrian musician, conductor and composer.
In music, imitation is the repetition of a melody in a polyphonic texture shortly after its first appearance in a different voice.
In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.
There are inverted chords, inverted melodies, inverted intervals, and (in counterpoint) inverted voices.
Jacob Senleches (fl. 1382/1383 – 1395) (also Jacob de Senlechos and Jacopinus Senlesses) was a Franco-Flemish composer and harpist of the late Middle Ages.
Johann Georg Albrechtsberger (3 February 1736 – 7 March 1809) was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
Johannes Ciconia (– between 10 June and 13 July 1412) was a composer and music theorist of the late Middle Ages.
Johannes Ockeghem (also Jean de, Jan; surname Okeghem, Ogkegum, Okchem, Hocquegam, Ockegham; other variant spellings are also encountered) (1410/1425 – February 6,Brown & Stein, p61. 1497) was the most famous composer of the Franco-Flemish School in the last half of the 15th century, and is often considered the most influential composer between Guillaume Dufay and Josquin des Prez.
John Tyrrell (born 1942) is a British musicologist.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
Josquin des Prez (– 27 August 1521), often referred to simply as Josquin, was a French composer of the Renaissance.
Larry Polansky (born 1954) is a composer, guitarist, mandolinist, and a professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latinisation or Latinization is the practice of rendering a non-Latin name (or word) in a Latin style.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
Luigi Nono (29 January 1924 – 8 May 1990) was an Italian avant-garde composer of classical music and remains one of the most prominent composers of the 20th century.
In classical music from Western culture, a third is a musical interval encompassing three staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major third is a third spanning four semitones.
Maraca, sometimes called rumba shaker, shac-shac, and various other names, is a rattle which appears in many genres of Caribbean and Latin music.
Medieval music consists of songs, instrumental pieces, and liturgical music from about 500 A.D. to 1400.
A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.
Midi or MIDI may refer to.
In the music theory of Western culture, a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones.
The mirror canon (also called a canon by contrary motion) is a type of canon which involves the leading voice being played alongside its own inversion (i.e. upside-down).
The Missa prolationum is a musical setting of the Ordinary of the Mass by Johannes Ockeghem, dating from the second half of the 15th century.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
second | abbreviation.
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.
Pachelbel's Canon is the common name for a canon by the German Baroque composer Johann Pachelbel in his Canon and Gigue for 3 violins and basso continuo (German: Kanon und Gigue für 3 Violinen mit Generalbaß) (PWC 37, T. 337, PC 358), sometimes referred to as Canon and Gigue in D or Canon in D. Neither the date nor the circumstances of its composition are known (suggested dates range from 1680 to 1706), and the oldest surviving manuscript copy of the piece dates from the 19th century.
A part (or voice) generally refers to a single strand or melody of music within a larger ensemble or a polyphonic musical composition.
In music, a permutation (order) of a set is any ordering of the elements of that set.
In music, perpetuum mobile (Latin and English pronunciation /pəːˌpɛtjʊəm ˈməʊbɪleɪ, ˈməʊbɪli; literally, "perpetual motion"), moto perpetuo (Italian), mouvement perpétuel (French), movimento perpétuo (Portuguese) movimiento perpetuo (Spanish), carries two distinct meanings: first, as pieces or parts of pieces of music characterised by a continuous stream of notes, usually at a rapid tempo; and also as whole pieces, or large parts of pieces, which are to be played in a repititious fashion, often an indefinite number of times.
Sir Peter Maxwell Davies (8 September 1934 – 14 March 2016) was an English composer and conductor.
Phase music is a form of music that uses phasing as a primary compositional process.
A phaser is an electronic sound processor used to filter a signal by creating a series of peaks and troughs in the frequency spectrum.
Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No.
Pierre de la Rue (– 20 November 1518) was a Franco-Flemish composer and singer of the Renaissance.
A player piano (also known as pianola) is a self-playing piano, containing a pneumatic or electro-mechanical mechanism that operates the piano action via pre-programmed music recorded on perforated paper, or in rare instances, metallic rolls, with more modern implementations using MIDI.
In music, a prolation canon (also called a mensuration canon or proportional canon) is a type of canon, a musical composition wherein the main melody is accompanied by one or more imitations of that melody in other voices.
Renaissance music is vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during the Renaissance era.
A musical line which is the reverse of a previously or simultaneously stated line is said to be its retrograde or cancrizans ("walking backward", medieval Latin, from cancer, crab).
Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any regular recurring motion, symmetry") generally means a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions".
Richard Taruskin (born 1945, New York) is an American musicologist, music historian, and critic who has written about the theory of performance, Russian music, 15th-century music, 20th-century music, nationalism, the theory of modernism, and analysis.
A round (also called a perpetual canon or infinite canon) is a musical composition, a limited type of canon, in which a minimum of three voices sing exactly the same melody at the unison (and may continue repeating it indefinitely), but with each voice beginning at different times so that different parts of the melody coincide in the different voices, but nevertheless fit harmoniously together.
"Row, Row, Row Your Boat" is an English language nursery rhyme and a popular children's song.
A scherzo (plural scherzos or scherzi), in western classical music, is a short composition -- sometimes a movement from a larger work such as a symphony or a sonata.
In mathematics, a self-similar object is exactly or approximately similar to a part of itself (i.e. the whole has the same shape as one or more of the parts).
The Six Pieces for Piano, Op. 118, are some of the most beloved compositions that Johannes Brahms wrote for solo piano.
Stanley John Sadie, CBE (30 October 1930 – 21 March 2005) was an influential and prolific British musicologist, music critic, and editor.
Stephen Michael Reich (born October 3, 1936) is an American composer who, along with La Monte Young, Terry Riley, and Philip Glass, pioneered minimal music in the mid to late 1960s.
In music, a subject is the material, usually a recognizable melody, upon which part or all of a composition is based.
"Sumer Is Icumen In" (also called the Summer Canon and the Cuckoo Song) is a medieval English round or rota of the mid-13th century.
In music, texture is how the tempo, melodic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition, thus determining the overall quality of the sound in a piece.
The Mountain in Labour is one of Aesop's Fables and appears as number 520 in the Perry Index.
The Musical Offering (German title: Musikalisches Opfer or Das Musikalische Opfer), BWV 1079, is a collection of keyboard canons and fugues and other pieces of music by Johann Sebastian Bach, all based on a single musical theme given to him by Frederick the Great (Frederick II of Prussia), to whom they are dedicated.
Thomas Morley (1557 or 1558 – early October 1602) was an English composer, theorist, singer and organist of the Renaissance.
Tom Johnson (born November 18, 1939 in Greeley, Colorado), is an American minimalist composer, a former student of Morton Feldman.
The Trecento (Italian for 300, short for "mille trecento," 1300) refers to the 14th century in Italian cultural history.
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (from Greek τριάς and τριάδα, from "threefold") holds that God is one but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons".
Trois petites liturgies de la présence divine (in English, Three Small Liturgies of the Divine Presence) is a piece by Olivier Messiaen for women's voices, piano solo, ondes Martenot, and orchestra (without winds), in three movements.
The vibraphone (also known as the vibraharp or simply the vibes) is a musical instrument in the struck idiophone subfamily of the percussion family.
A virelai is a form of medieval French verse used often in poetry and music.
William Byrd (birth date variously given as c.1539/40 or 1543 – 4 July 1623), was an English composer of the Renaissance.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Accompanied canon, Al rovescio, Caccia (music), Canon al rovescio, Canon by inversion, Canon music, Canon: Two in One, Cantanti enigmatici, Circular canon, Comes (music), Double canon (music), Dux (music), Enigma canon, Finite canon, Free canon, Interval canon, Inversion canon, Musical canon, Puzzle canon, Rhythmic canon, Riddle canon, Simple canon, Strict canon, Tempo canon.