447 relations: Adolf Schulten, Alder, Alfonso I of Asturias, Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, Alpine climate, Amaya (Burgos), Ana Botín, Anchovy, Ancien Régime, Ancient Greek, Anthropomorphism, Antonio Resines, Apple cider, Arabs, Arbutus, Architecture of Cantabria, Asón (river), Asón-Agüera, Asturias, Ataúlfo Argenta, Atlantic horse mackerel, Atlantic Ocean, Aureliano Fernández-Guerra, Autonomous communities of Spain, Autovía A-67, Autovía A-8, Autrigones, Auxilia, Avilés, Ábrego, Álvaro Pombo, Ávila, Spain, Óscar Freire, Basketball, Basque Country (autonomous community), Bat, Bay of Biscay, Bay of Santander, Beatus of Liébana, Beef, Belief, Berbers, Besaya Valley, Bilbao, Biome, Birch, Biscay, Blue mussel, Bolo palma, Bonito, ..., Bream, Burgos, Caballucos del Diablu, Cabezón de la Sal, Cabuérniga, Camargo, Cantabria, Campoo, Cantabri, Cantabria, Cantabria autonomous football team, Cantabria Baloncesto, Cantabrian dialect, Cantabrian labarum, Cantabrian Mountains, Cantabrian people, Cantabrian Sea, Cantabrian Wars, Capital city, Carrack, Castañeda, Castile (historical region), Castile and León, Castro Urdiales, Castro Valnera, Catholic Monarchs, Cato the Elder, Cattle, Cavalry, Cave del Valle (Cantabria), Cave of Altamira, Cave of El Soplao, Cave of La Pasiega, Caves in Cantabria, Cádiz, CB Cantabria, Cecilio Lastra, Celtic languages, Celts, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Charles III of Spain, Chemical industry, Chickpea, Christianity, City council, Clam, Coat of arms of Cantabria, Cocido lebaniego, Cocido montañés, Cockle (bivalve), Colindres, Collard greens, Colombia, Comarca, Comillas Pontifical University, Common Agricultural Policy, Common periwinkle, Concha Espina, Congress of Deputies, Constable of Castile, Constitutional monarchy, Conurbation, Copa del Rey de Balonmano, Corocotta, Cortes Generales, Cuélebre, Cuegle, Cuttlefish, Cyclops, Damselfly, David Bustamante, Deciduous, Deer, Deva (river), Devolution, Discharge (hydrology), División de Honor de Rugby, Douro, Drainage basin, Duchy of Cantabria, Duende, Duke of Frías, Duke of the Infantado, Eastern coast of Cantabria, Ebro, Ebro Basin, Economy, Ecotone, Ecuador, Eduardo Noriega (Spanish actor), EHF Champions League, EHF Cup, EHF Cup Winners' Cup, El Astillero, El Puerto de Santa María, Emeterius and Celedonius, Emilio Botín, Ensis, Erosion, Eucalyptus, European anchovy, European bass, European Union, European University of the Atlantic, Fagus sylvatica, Fair, Fairy, Ferry, Festival, Festival Internacional de Santander, Fireworks, First Carlist War, Fish market, Fish-man, Flag of Cantabria, Foehn wind, Football in Spain, Francisco Gento, Francisco González Gómez, Francisco Ventoso, Francoist Spain, Fraxinus, Gaius Hostilius Mancinus, Galicia (Spain), Gándara, Geographical indications and traditional specialities in the European Union, Gerardo Diego, Giant, Gilt-head bream, Gimnástica de Torrelavega, Gipuzkoa, Glacier, Government of Cantabria, Government of 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List of municipalities in Cantabria, Liuvigild, Longboat, Lope de Vega, Lophius piscatorius, Los Corrales de Buelna, Los Tojos, Lower Paleolithic, Luis Carrero Blanco, Madrid, Maja squinado, Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón, Maple, María Blanchard, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Mario Camus, Marsh, Mediterranean climate, Mediterranean Sea, Menéndez Pelayo International University, Mercenary, Metropolitan area, Microclimate, Miguel Ángel Revilla, Miranda de Ebro, Moldova, Monoculture, Morocco, Municipal council, Municipio, Muslim, Myth, Mythology, Nacho Vigalondo, National park, National University of Distance Education, Natural park (Spain), Nephrops norvegicus, Noja, Numantia, Oak, Oceanic climate, Official language, Ojáncanu, Olive, Oral tradition, Oregon, Organic Law (Spain), Origines, Orujo, Oviedo, Ox, Palacio de la Magdalena, Palencia, Parliament of Cantabria, Pas (river), Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Pedro Velarde y Santillán, Peninsular War, People's Party (Spain), Peru, Pesquera, Cantabria, Peter of Cantabria, Pharmacy, Phaseolus vulgaris, Piélagos, Picos de Europa, Picos de Europa National Park, Pine processionary, Pinus radiata, Pisueña (river), Plymouth, Poaceae, Polaciones, Pollicipes pollicipes, Pomace, Populus, Potes, Precipitation, President of Cantabria, Primary sector of the economy, Province of Ávila, Province of Burgos, Province of León, Province of Palencia, Province of Salamanca, Province of Segovia, Province of Soria, Province of Valladolid, Province of Zamora, Provinces of Spain, Puff pastry, Purchasing power parity, Quarry, Quercus ilex, Quercus petraea, Quercus robur, Quercus suber, Quesada pasiega, Racing de Santander, Rail transport, Ramidreju, Ranked lists of Spanish autonomous communities, Reconquista, Red mullet, Regatta, Regionalist Party of Cantabria, Reinosa, Religion in ancient Rome, Renfe Feve, Renfe Operadora, Ria, Riparian zone, Roe deer, Roman conquest of the Iberian peninsula, Roman Empire, Romania, Rowing (sport), Ruente, Ruth Beitia, Saja (river), Saja and Nansa valleys, Saja-Besaya Natural Park, Salmon, Salto del pastor, San Vicente de la Barquera, Santa Cruz de Bezana, Santander Airport, Santander, Spain, Santillana (footballer), Santillana del Mar, Santo Toribio de Liébana, Santoña, Santoña, Victoria and Joyel Marshes Natural Park, Sardine, Scorpaenidae, Second Punic War, Secondary sector of the economy, Segovia, Sella River (Bay of Biscay), Senate of Spain, Seve Ballesteros, Seville, Sierra del Escudo de Cabuérniga, Silius Italicus, Site of Community Importance, Skittles (sport), Sobao, Soleidae, Spain, Spanish Civil War, Spanish language, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, Sparidae, Special Protection Area, Squid as food, Statute of Autonomy of Cantabria, Superstition, Tarragona, Telephone numbers in Spain, Temperate climate, Tertiary sector of the economy, Textile, Tiberius, Tilia, Torre del Oro, Torrelavega, Tourism, Trainera, Transhumance, Trasmiera, Trenti, Tresviso, Triana, Seville, Trout, Tudanca, Tudanca cattle, Tuna pot, Txakoli, Unemployment, UNESCO, Unitary state, University of Cantabria, Unquera, Upper Paleolithic, Vaccaei, Val de San Vicente, Valladolid, Valles Pasiegos, Varduli, Vascones, Velvet crab, Vicente Calderón, Vine, Visigoths, Vital Alsar, Western coast of Cantabria, Wild boar, Willow, World Heritage site, Zinc. 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Adolf Schulten (27 May 1870 – 19 March 1960) was a German historian and archaeologist.
Alder is the common name of a genus of flowering plants (Alnus) belonging to the birch family Betulaceae.
Alfonso I of Asturias, called the Catholic (el Católico), (c. 693 – 757) was the third King of Asturias, reigning from 739 to his death in 757.
Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (born 28 July 1951) is a Spanish politician who was General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 2012 to 2014.
Alpine climate is the average weather (climate) for the regions above the tree line.
Amaya is the name of a village (pop. 67) in the municipality of Sotresgudo, Burgos, in Castile-Leon, Spain.
Ana Patricia Botín-Sanz de Sautuola O'Shea, DBE (born 4 October 1960) is a Spanish banker.
An anchovy is a small, common forage fish of the family Engraulidae.
The Ancien Régime (French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility were abolished by the.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.
Antonio Fernández Resines (born 7 August 1954) is a Spanish film and television actor.
Apple cider (also called sweet cider or soft cider or simply cider) is the name used in the United States and parts of Canada for an unfiltered, unsweetened, non-alcoholic beverage made from apples.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Arbutus is a genus of 12 accepted speciesAct.
The architecture of Cantabria has a long history.
The Asón is a river in Northern Spain, flowing through the Autonomous Community of Cantabria.
The Asón-Agüera comarca is a historical region of Cantabria, Spain.
Asturias (Asturies; Asturias), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
Ataúlfo Exuperio Martín de Argenta Maza (19 November 1913 – 20 January 1958) was a Spanish conductor and pianist.
The Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) is a species of jack mackerel in the family Carangidae.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Aureliano Fernández-Guerra y Orbe (June 16, 1816 – September 7, 1894) was a Spanish historian, epigrapher and antiquarian, also remembered as a poet and playwright.
In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.
The Autovía A-67 is a highway in north west Spain.
The Autovía A-8 is a highway (autovía) that connects all the regions on the Northern Coast of Spain.
The Autrigones were a pre-Roman tribe that settled in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, in what today is the western Basque Country (western regions of Biscay and Álava) and northern Burgos, Spain.
The Auxilia (Latin, lit. "auxiliaries") constituted the standing non-citizen corps of the Imperial Roman army during the Principate era (30 BC–284 AD), alongside the citizen legions.
Avilés is a city in Asturias, Spain.
Ábrego is a Colombian municipality and town located in the department of Norte de Santander.
Álvaro Pombo García de los Ríos (born 23 June 1939) is a Spanish poet, novelist and activist.
Ávila (Latin: Abula) is a Spanish town located in the autonomous community of Castile and León, and is the capital of the Province of Ávila.
Óscar Freire Gómez (born 15 February 1976) is a former Spanish professional road bicycle racer.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain.
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
The Bay of Biscay (Golfe de Gascogne, Golfo de Vizcaya, Pleg-mor Gwaskogn, Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean located south of the Celtic Sea.
The Bay of Santander is both a comarca of Cantabria and the largest estuary on the North coast of Spain, with an extension of 22.42 km² 9 km long and 5 km wide.
Saint Beatus of Liébana (c. 730 – c. 800) was a monk, theologian and geographer from the former Duchy of Cantabria and Kingdom of Asturias, in modern Cantabria, northern Spain, who worked and lived in the Picos de Europa mountains of the region of Liébana.
Beef is the culinary name for meat from cattle, particularly skeletal muscle.
Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⴻⵏ; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗ) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa, primarily inhabiting Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and a part of western Egypt.
The Besaya valley (Valle del Besaya) is both a comarca located in the center of Cantabria, along the course of the Besaya River, and the natural valley of said river.
Bilbao (Bilbo) is a city in northern Spain, the largest city in the province of Biscay and in the Basque Country as a whole.
A biome is a community of plants and animals that have common characteristics for the environment they exist in.
A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.
Biscay (Bizkaia; Vizcaya) is a province of Spain located just south of the Bay of Biscay.
The blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), also known as the common mussel, is a medium-sized edible marine bivalve mollusc in the family Mytilidae, the mussels.
Bolo palma is a variant of bowls originated and played throughout the region of Cantabria, north of Spain.
Bonitos are a tribe of medium-sized, ray-finned predatory fish in the family Scombridae – a family it shares with the mackerel, tuna, and Spanish mackerel tribes, and also the butterfly kingfish.
Bream is a general term for a species of freshwater and marine fish belonging to a variety of genera including Abramis (e.g., A. brama, the common bream), Acanthopagrus, Argyrops, Blicca, Brama, Chilotilapia, Etelis, Lepomis, Gymnocranius, Lethrinus, Nemipterus, Pharyngochromis, Rhabdosargus, or Scolopsis.
Burgos is a city in northern Spain and the historic capital of Castile.
The Caballucos del Diablu (Cantabrian for "(little) horses of the devil") is a myth from the Cantabrian mythology, a region of northern Spain.
Cabezón de la Sal is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Cabuérniga is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Camargo (Camargu, in Cantabrian) is a municipality in the province and autonomous community of Cantabria, northern Spain.
Campoo (really called Campoo-Los Valles) is a comarca of Cantabria (Spain) located in the High Ebro, with a surface little bigger than 1,000 km2, and including the municipalities of Hermandad de Campoo de Suso, Campoo de Enmedio, Campoo de Yuso, Valdeolea, Valdeprado del Río, Valderredible, Reinosa, Las Rozas de Valdearroyo, Santiurde de Reinosa, Pesquera, and San Miguel de Aguayo.
The Cantabri (Καντάβροι, Kantabroi) or Ancient Cantabrians, were a pre-Roman people, probably Celtic or pre-Celtic European, and large tribal federation that lived in the northern coastal region of ancient Iberia in the second half of the first millennium BC.
Cantabria is a historic Spanish community and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city.
The Cantabria autonomous football team is the regional football team for Cantabria, Spain.
Cantabria Baloncesto is a professional basketball team who played during five seasons in Liga ACB.
Cantabrian (cántabru, in Cantabrian) is a group of dialects belonging to Astur-Leonese.
The Cantabrian labarum (Cantabrian: lábaru cántabru or lábaro cántabro) is a modern interpretation of the ancient military standard known by the Romans as Cantabrum.
The Cantabrian Mountains or Cantabrian Range (Cordillera Cantábrica) are one of the main systems of mountain ranges in Spain.
The Cantabrians (Cantabrian and cántabros) are the native inhabitants living in the region of Cantabria, in northern Spain.
The Cantabrian Sea is the coastal sea of the Atlantic Ocean that washes the northern coast of Spain and the southwest side of the Atlantic coast of France; it represents the south area of the Bay of Biscay.
The Cantabrian Wars (29–19 BC) (Bellum Cantabricum), sometimes also referred to as the Cantabrian and Asturian Wars (Bellum Cantabricum et Asturicum), were the final stage of the two-century long Roman conquest of Hispania, in what today are the provinces of Cantabria, Asturias and León, in northwestern Spain.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
A carrack was a three- or four-masted ocean-going sailing ship that was developed in the 14th and 15th centuries in Europe.
Castañeda or Castaneda is a Spanish surname.
Castile is a vaguely defined historical region of Spain.
Castile and León (Castilla y León; Leonese: Castiella y Llión; Castela e León) is an autonomous community in north-western Spain.
Castro Urdiales is a seaport of northern Spain, in the autonomous community of Cantabria, situated on the Bay of Biscay.
Castru Valnera (Cantabrian) or Castro Valnera (Spanish) is a peak located in the central area of the Cantabrian Mountains, in Burgos, northern Spain.
The Catholic Monarchs is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon.
Cato the Elder (Cato Major; 234–149 BC), born and also known as (Cato Censorius), (Cato Sapiens), and (Cato Priscus), was a Roman senator and historian known for his conservatism and opposition to Hellenization.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
Cave del Valle (Cueva del Valle, The Valley's Cave), locally also known as La Viejarrona (Old Girl), is located near El Cerro Village in the municipality of Rasines in Cantabria, northern Spain.
The Cave of Altamira (Cueva de Altamira) located near the historic town Santillana del Mar in Cantabria, Spain, is renowned for its numerous parietal cave paintings featuring charcoal drawings and polychrome paintings of contemporary local fauna and human hands, created during the Upper Paleolithic.
El Soplao (Cantabrian: El Soplau) is a cave located in the municipalities of Rionansa, Valdáliga and Herrerías in Cantabria, Spain.
Cueva de La Pasiega, or Cave of La Pasiega, situated in the Spanish municipality of Puente Viesgo, is one of the most important monuments of Paleolithic art in Cantabria.
The Cantabrian caves' unique location make them an ideal place to observe the settlements of early humans thousands of years ago.
Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.
Club Balonmano Cantabria was a team of handball based in Santander, Cantabria.
Cecilio Lastra (born August 12, 1951 in Santander, Cantabria) is a former Spanish professional boxer.
The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was King of Spain and the Spanish Indies (1759–1788), after ruling Naples as Charles VII and Sicily as Charles V (1734–1759), kingdoms he abdicated to his son Ferdinand.
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is a legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
Clam is a common name for several kinds of bivalve molluscs.
The coat of arms of Cantabria has a rectangular shield, round in base (also called Spanish shield in heraldry) and the field is party en fess.
Cocido lebaniego is a traditional dish from the region of Liébana in Cantabria, Spain.
Cocido montañés ('highlander stew' or 'mountain stew'), is a rich hearty bean stew, originally from and most commonly found in Cantabria in northern Spain.
A cockle is a small, edible, marine bivalve mollusc.
Colindres is a town in the northern Spanish province and autonomous community of Cantabria.
Collard greens (collards) describes certain loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea, the same species as many common vegetables, including cabbage (Capitata Group) and broccoli (Botrytis Group).
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
A comarca (or, pl. comarcas; or, pl. comarques) is a traditional region or local administrative division found in Portugal, Spain and some of their former colonies: Panama, Nicaragua, and Brazil.
Comillas Pontifical University (Universidad Pontificia Comillas) is a private university in Madrid, Spain.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the agricultural policy of the European Union.
The common periwinkle or winkle (Littorina littorea) is a species of small edible whelk or sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc that has gills and an operculum, and is classified within the family Littorinidae, the periwinkles.
María de la Concepción Jesusa Basilisa Rodríguez-Espina y García-Tagle, short form Concha Espina (15 April 1869 or 1877 or 1 April 1879 or 15 April 1879 in Santander, Cantabria, Spain – 19 May 1955 in Madrid, Spain), was a Spanish writer.
The Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados; Diputatuen Kongresua; Congrés dels Diputats; Congreso dos Deputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch.
Constable of Castile (Condestable de Castilla) was a title created by John I, King of Castile in 1382, to substitute the title Alférez Mayor del Reino.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area.
The Copa del Rey de Balonmano (English: King's Cup of Handball) is an annual cup competition for Spanish handball teams.
Corocotta was a guerrilla warrior or bandit in Cantabria during the 1st century BC, who, according to Cassius Dio, raided Roman territory causing considerable depredation in the area.
The Cortes Generales (General Courts) are the bicameral legislature of the Kingdom of Spain, consisting of two chambers: the Congress of Deputies (the lower house) and the Senate (the upper house).
Cuélebre (Asturian) or Culebre (Cantabrian), is a giant winged serpent-dragon of the Asturian and Cantabrian mythology, that lives in a cave, guards treasures and keeps xanas / anjanas as prisoners.
The cuegle is a monster in Cantabrian folklore.
Cuttlefish or cuttles are marine animals of the order Sepiida. They belong to the class Cephalopoda, which also includes squid, octopuses, and nautiluses. Cuttlefish have a unique internal shell, the cuttlebone. Despite their name, cuttlefish are not fish but molluscs. Cuttlefish have large, W-shaped pupils, eight arms, and two tentacles furnished with denticulated suckers, with which they secure their prey. They generally range in size from, with the largest species, Sepia apama, reaching in mantle length and over in mass. Cuttlefish eat small molluscs, crabs, shrimp, fish, octopus, worms, and other cuttlefish. Their predators include dolphins, sharks, fish, seals, seabirds, and other cuttlefish. The average life expectancy of a cuttlefish is about one to two years. Recent studies indicate cuttlefish are among the most intelligent invertebrates. (television program) NOVA, PBS, April 3, 2007. Cuttlefish also have one of the largest brain-to-body size ratios of all invertebrates. The 'cuttle' in 'cuttlefish' comes from the Old English name for the species, cudele, which may be cognate with the Old Norse koddi ('cushion') and the Middle Low German Kudel ('rag'). The Greco-Roman world valued the cuttlefish as a source of the unique brown pigment the creature releases from its siphon when it is alarmed. The word for it in both Greek and Latin, sepia, now refers to the reddish-brown color sepia in English.
A cyclops (Κύκλωψ, Kyklōps; plural cyclopes; Κύκλωπες, Kyklōpes), in Greek mythology and later Roman mythology, is a member of a primordial race of giants, each with a single eye in the center of his forehead.
Damselflies are insects of the suborder Zygoptera in the order Odonata.
David Bustamante Hoyos (born 25 March 1982 in San Vicente de la Barquera, Cantabria) is a Spanish pop singer and songwriter.
In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
The Deva is a river in Northern Spain, flowing through the Autonomous Communities of Cantabria and Asturias until it joins the Cares River and flows into the Atlantic Ocean, in the Bay of Biscay, where they form the Tina Mayor estuary which is the natural border between Asturias and Cantabria.
Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a subnational level, such as a regional or local level.
In hydrology, discharge is the volumetric flow rate of water that is transported through a given cross-sectional area.
The División de Honor is the top club competition for rugby union in Spain.
The Douro (Douro; Duero; translation) is one of the major rivers of the Iberian Peninsula, flowing from its source near Duruelo de la Sierra in Soria Province across northern-central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Porto.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
The Duchy of Cantabria (Cantabrian: Ducáu de Cantabria) was a march created by the Visigoths in northern Spain to watch their border with the Cantabrians and Basques.
A duende is a creature from Iberian, Latin American, and Filipino folklore.
Duke of Frías is a hereditary title created in 1492 by King Ferdinand II of Aragon.
The title Duke of the Infantado (Spanish Duque del Infantado) was granted to Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Figueroa, son of Íñigo López de Mendoza, 1st Marquis of Santillana, by the Catholic Monarchs, Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, on 22 July 1475.
The Eastern Coast of Cantabria is a comarca (shire, but with no administrative role) in the autonomous community of Cantabria, northern Spain, that comprises the municipalities of Colindres, Laredo, Liendo and Castro Urdiales.
The Ebro in English (also in Spanish, Aragonese and Basque: 'Ebre') is one of the most important rivers on the Iberian Peninsula.
The Ebro Basin was a foreland basin that formed to the south of the Pyrenees during the Paleogene.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
An ecotone is a transition area between two biomes.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Eduardo Noriega Gómez (born 1 August 1973) is a Spanish film actor.
The EHF Champions League is the most important handball club competition for men's teams in Europe and involves the leading teams from the top European nations.
The EHF Cup, formerly known as the IHF Cup until 1993, is an official competition for men's handball clubs of Europe.
The EHF Cup Winners' Cup was the official competition for men's and women's handball clubs of Europe that won their national cup, and took place every year.
El Astillero (English: "The Shipyard") is a town and municipality in the province and autonomous community of Cantabria, northern Spain.
El Puerto de Santa María ("The Port of Saint Mary"), locally known as El Puerto, is a municipality located on the banks of the Guadalete River in the province of Cádiz, Andalusia.
Saints Emeterius (Hemeterius) and Celedonius (San Emeterio y San Celedonio; Emeterius et Caeledonius; died 300 AD) are venerated as saints by the Catholic Church.
Emilio Botín-Sanz de Sautuola y García de los Ríos, Marquis of O’Shea (1 October 1934 – 10 September 2014) was a Spanish banker.
Ensis is a genus of medium-sized edible saltwater clams, littoral bivalve molluscs in the family Pharidae.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
Eucalyptus L'Héritier 1789 (plural eucalypti, eucalyptuses or eucalypts) is a diverse genus of flowering trees and shrubs (including a distinct group with a multiple-stem mallee growth habit) in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
The European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) is a forage fish somewhat related to the herring.
The European bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is a primarily ocean-going fish native to the waters off Europe's western and southern and Africa's northern coasts, though it can also be found in shallow coastal waters and river mouths during the summer months.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The European University of the Atlantic (Universidad Europea del Atlántico), or UNEATLANTICO, is a private Spanish university located in the Scientific and Technological Park of Cantabria (PCTCAN), in the city of Santander, Cantabria.
Fagus sylvatica, the European beech or common beech, is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae.
A fair (archaic: faire or fayre), also known as funfair, is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities.
A fairy (also fata, fay, fey, fae, fair folk; from faery, faerie, "realm of the fays") is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore, a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural, or preternatural.
A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water.
A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion or cultures.
The Festival Internacional de Santander (FIS) is one of Spain's oldest music festivals.
Fireworks are a class of low explosive pyrotechnic devices used for aesthetic and entertainment purposes.
The First Carlist War was a civil war in Spain from 1833 to 1840, fought between factions over the succession to the throne and the nature of the Spanish monarchy.
A fish market is a marketplace for selling fish products.
The fish-man of Liérganes (Cantabrian: L'hombri pez or El hombre pez), is an entity which belongs to the mythology of Cantabria, located in the north of Spain.
The colours of the official flag of Cantabria (Spain), which is the symbol of the region, are established in the very text of the Autonomy Statute.
A föhn or foehn is a type of dry, warm, down-slope wind that occurs in the lee (downwind side) of a mountain range.
Association football, commonly known as football or soccer, (Fútbol asociación) is the most popular sport in Spain, followed by basketball and bullfighting.
Francisco "Paco" Gento López (born 21 October 1933) is a former Spanish football player, who played as a left winger.
Francisco González Gómez (Santander, 1918 - 7 March 1990), also known as Francisco, was a Spanish caricaturist, painter and sculptor, considered in his time as having re-invented caricature in Spain.
Francisco José Ventoso Alberdi (born 6 May 1982) is a Spanish road racing cyclist who rides for UCI ProTeam, the.
Francoist Spain (España franquista) or the Franco regime (Régimen de Franco), formally known as the Spanish State (Estado Español), is the period of Spanish history between 1939, when Francisco Franco took control of Spain after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War establishing a dictatorship, and 1975, when Franco died and Prince Juan Carlos was crowned King of Spain.
Fraxinus, English name ash, is a genus of flowering plants in the olive and lilac family, Oleaceae.
Gaius Hostilius Mancinus was a Roman consul in 137 BC.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
The Gándara (also known as the Soba River) is a river in Green Spain, at the north of the country.
Three European Union schemes of geographical indications and traditional specialties, known as protected designation of origin (PDO), protected geographical indication (PGI), and traditional specialities guaranteed (TSG), promote and protect names of quality agricultural products and foodstuffs.
Gerardo Diego Cendoya (October 3, 1896 – July 8, 1987) was a Spanish poet, a member of the Generation of '27.
Giants (from Latin and Ancient Greek: "gigas", cognate giga-) are beings of human appearance, but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures.
The gilt-head (sea) bream (Sparus aurata) is a fish of the bream family Sparidae found in the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern coastal regions of the North Atlantic Ocean.
Real Sociedad Gimnástica de Torrelavega is a Spanish football team based in Torrelavega, in the autonomous community of Cantabria.
Gipuzkoa (in Guipúzcoa) is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the autonomous community of the Basque Country.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
The Government of Cantabria is one of the statutory institutions that conform the Autonomous Community of Cantabria.
The Government of Spain (Gobierno de España) is the central government which leads the executive branch and the General State Administration of Spain.
Grandee (Grande,; Grande) is an official aristocratic title conferred on some Spanish nobility and, to a lesser extent, Portuguese nobility.
Green Spain (direct translation into English of the Spanish España Verde) is the name given to a lush natural region in Northern Spain, stretching along the Atlantic coast from the border with Portugal to the border with France.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
The Gulf Stream, together with its northern extension the North Atlantic Drift, is a warm and swift Atlantic ocean current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico and stretches to the tip of Florida, and follows the eastern coastlines of the United States and Newfoundland before crossing the Atlantic Ocean.
The term hake refers to fish in either of.
Handball (also known as team handball, fieldball, European handball or Olympic handball) is a team sport in which two teams of seven players each (six outfield players and a goalkeeper) pass a ball using their hands with the aim of throwing it into the goal of the other team.
The hazel (Corylus) is a genus of deciduous trees and large shrubs native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
Hematophagy (sometimes spelled haematophagy or hematophagia) is the practice by certain animals of feeding on blood (from the Greek words αἷμα haima "blood" and φάγειν phagein "to eat").
Hermandad de Campoo de Suso is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Herrerías is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Highlands or uplands are any mountainous region or elevated mountainous plateau.
A hillfort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage.
Himno a la Montaña ("Hymn to the Mountain"), or Himno de Cantabria ("Anthem of Cantabria"), is the official anthem of the Spanish autonomous community of Cantabria.
Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.
Hispania Tarraconensis was one of three Roman provinces in Hispania.
Homarus gammarus, known as the European lobster or common lobster, is a species of clawed lobster from the eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea and parts of the Black Sea.
Quintus Horatius Flaccus (December 8, 65 BC – November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus (also known as Octavian).
The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.
A hussar was a member of a class of light cavalry, originating in Eastern and Central Europe during the 15th and 16th centuries, originally Hungarian.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
Juan Ignacio Diego Palacios (born 18 May 1960 Castro Urdiales, Cantabria) is a Spanish politician and member of the Partido Popular.
The Super Globe is a handball competition contested between the champion clubs from continental confederations.
Independiente Rugby Club is a Spanish amateur rugby union club based in the Cantabrian city of Santander.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The National Institute of Statistics (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, INE) is the official organisation in Spain that collects statistics about demography, economy, and Spanish society.
An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.
Ironwork is any weapon, artwork, utensil or architectural feature made of iron especially used for decoration.
Saint Isidore of Seville (Isidorus Hispalensis; c. 560 – 4 April 636), a scholar and, for over three decades, Archbishop of Seville, is widely regarded as the last of the Fathers of the Church, as the 19th-century historian Montalembert put it in an oft-quoted phrase, "The last scholar of the ancient world." At a time of disintegration of classical culture, and aristocratic violence and illiteracy, he was involved in the conversion of the Arian Visigothic kings to Catholicism, both assisting his brother Leander of Seville, and continuing after his brother's death.
Jesús Polanco Gutiérrez, also known as Jesús de Polanco (November 7, 1929 – July 21, 2007) was a businessman from Spain who built one of the largest media empires in the world.
Joaquín Leguina Herrán (born 5 May 1941) is a Spanish politician and member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, former President of Madrid between 1983, and 1995, and Secretary-General of the Socialist Party of Madrid from 1979 to 1991.
José de Bustamante y Guerra (1 April 1759 in Corvera de Toranzo, Cantabria´, Spain – 10 March 1825 in Madrid, Spain), sometimes referred to simply as Bustamante, was a Spanish naval officer, explorer, and politician.
José de Madrazo y Agudo (22 April 1781 – 8 May 1859) was a Spanish painter and engraver; one of the primary exponents of the Neoclassical style in Spain.
José Luis Zamanillo González-Camino (1903 – 1980) was a Spanish Traditionalist politician.
José Manuel Abascal Gómez (born March 17, 1958 in Alceda, Cantabria) was a Spanish 1500 metres runner.
José María de Pereda (born 6 February 1833, Polanco, Cantabria – died 1 March 1906, Polanco) was a modern Spanish novelist, and a Member of the Royal Spanish Academy.
Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias, born 5 January 1938) reigned as King of Spain from 1975 until his abdication in 2014.
Juan de Herrera (1530 – 15 January 1597) was a Spanish architect, mathematician and geometrician.
Juan de la Cosa (c. 1450 – 28 February 1510) was a Spanish navigator and cartographer, known for designing the earliest European world map that incorporated the territories of the Americas that were discovered in the 15th century.
Juan José Cobo Acebo (born 21 February 1981 in Torrelavega, Cantabria) is a retired Spanish professional road racing cyclist.
Julio Caro Baroja (13 November 1914 – 18 August 1995) was a world-renowned Spanish anthropologist, historian, linguist and essayist.
Juliobriga (Julióbriga, (Iuliobriga, Ἰουλιόβριγα) was the most important urban centre in Roman Cantabria, as stated by numerous Latin authors including Pliny the Elder. The site has traditionally been identified with ruins in the village of Retortillo (Cantabria) and its Villafría district, in the municipality of Campoo de Enmedio. Its founding, during the Cantabrian Wars (29 BC-19 BC), made it a powerful symbol of Roman domination of the tribes of the Cantabri. The city was named after the reigning emperor Augustus and his adopted family name, the gens Julia, Mangas Manjarrés, J. La Hispania Romana. en Manuel Prado, J. (dir.) Historia de España. Esplugues de Llobregat: Ediciones Orbis, S.A.; 1991. Vol. I «Prehistoria a 409», p. 192.. with the Celtic toponym element -briga, common in Iberia. Due to its strategic location in the Besaya valley, it was able to control trade between the Douro river and the Bay of Biscay. Juliobriga grew slowly, reaching its peak between the end of the 1st century and the early 2nd century AD. Following that, its population began to decline, until the city was completely abandoned in the 3rd century. The ruins of Retortillo were first identified with Julióbriga in the second half of the 18th century by Enrique Florez. Numerous historians and archaeologists have worked on the site since, including some of Spain's foremost. The ruins of Juliobriga were declared a Heritage Site (Bien de Interés Cultural) by the Spanish Government on March 29, 1985.
Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
The Kingdom of Asturias (Regnum Asturorum) was a kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula founded in 718 by the Visigothic nobleman Pelagius of Asturias (Asturian: Pelayu, Spanish: Pelayo).
La Fuga is a Spanish rock band from Reinosa, Cantabria that formed in the summer of 1996.
La Rioja is an autonomous community and a province in Spain, located in the north of the Iberian Peninsula.
La Vijanera is a fiesta of festive nature that takes place in the town of Silió (Molledo), Cantabria (Spain) on the first Sunday of each year.
Lapse rate is the rate at which Earth's atmospheric temperature decreases with an increase in altitude, or increases with the decrease in altitude.
Laredo is a town in the autonomous community of Cantabria.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glabrous (smooth and hairless) leaves, in the flowering plant family Lauraceae.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Legend is a genre of folklore that consists of a narrative featuring human actions perceived or believed both by teller and listeners to have taken place within human history.
Legislation (or "statutory law") is law which has been promulgated (or "enacted") by a legislature or other governing body or the process of making it.
Leonardo Torres y Quevedo (28 December 1852 – 18 December 1936) was a Spanish civil engineer and mathematician of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
An example of levée en masse (or, in English, "mass levy") was the policy of forced mass military conscription of all able-bodied, unmarried men between the ages of 18 and 25 adopted in the aftermath of the French Revolution of 1789.
Liébana is a comarca of Cantabria (Spain).
The Liga ACB,; "ACB League" known as Liga Endesa; "Endesa League" for sponsorship reasons, is the top professional basketball division of the Spanish basketball league system.
Liga Asobal is the premier professional handball league in Spain.
Originally the Latin noun līmes (Latin līmitēs) had a number of different meanings: a path or balk delimiting fields, a boundary line or marker, any road or path, any channel, such as a stream channel, or any distinction or difference.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Spain has proclaimed a number of Constitutions.
This is a list of the municipalities in the province and autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Liuvigild, Leuvigild, Leovigild, or Leovigildo (Spanish and Portuguese), (519 – 21 April 586) was a Visigothic King of Hispania and Septimania from 568 to April 21, 586.
In the days of sailing ships, a vessel would carry several ship's boats for various uses.
Lope Félix de Vega y Carpio (25 November 156227 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright, poet, novelist and marine.
Lophius piscatorius, commonly known as the angler, is a monkfish in the family Lophiidae.
Los Corales de Buelna is a municipality in Cantabria, Spain.
Los Tojos is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
The Lower Paleolithic (or Lower Palaeolithic) is the earliest subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.
Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, 1st Duke of Carrero Blanco, GE, OCIII, OIC (4 March 1904 – 20 December 1973) was a Spanish Navy officer and politician, who was Prime Minister of Spain from June to December 1973.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Maja squinado (the European spider crab, spiny spider crab or spinous spider crab) is a species of migratory crab found in the north-east Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.
Manuel Gutiérrez Aragón (Torrelavega, Cantabria 2 January 1940) is a Spanish screenwriter and film director.
Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.
María Blanchard (6 March 1881 – 5 April 1932), born María Gutiérrez Cueto, was a Spanish painter.
Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (64/62 BC – 12 BC) was a Roman consul, statesman, general and architect.
Mario Camus (Santander, 20 April 1935) is a Spanish screenwriter and film director.
A marsh is a wetland that is dominated by herbaceous rather than woody plant species.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Menéndez Pelayo International University ("UIMP" in Spanish) is a public university with administrative headquarters in Madrid and campuses in Santander, Valencia, Barcelona, Cartagena, Cuenca, Granada, La Línea de la Concepción, Seville and Tenerife.
A mercenary is an individual who is hired to take part in an armed conflict but is not part of a regular army or other governmental military force.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
A microclimate is a local set of atmospheric conditions that differ from those in the surrounding areas, often with a slight difference but sometimes with a substantial one.
Miguel Ángel Revilla Roiz (born 23 January 1943 in Polaciones, Cantabria) is a Spanish politician, the current President of the Autonomous Community of Cantabria.
Miranda de Ebro is a city on the Ebro river in the province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile and León, Spain.
Moldova (or sometimes), officially the Republic of Moldova (Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south (by way of the disputed territory of Transnistria).
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
A municipal council is the local government of a municipality such as city councils and town councils.
Municipio and município are country subdivisions in Italy and several Hispanophone and Lusophone nations, respectively.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in society, such as foundational tales.
Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths.
Ignacio "Nacho" Vigalondo (born 6 April 1977 in Cabezón de la Sal, Spain) is a Spanish filmmaker.
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
The National University of Distance Education, known in Spanish as Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), is a distance learning and research university founded in 1972 and is the only university run by the central government of Spain.
In Spain, a natural park (Spanish: parque natural) is a natural space protected for its biology, geology, or landscape, with ecological, aesthetic, educational, or scientific value whose preservation merits preferential attention on the part of public administration.
Nephrops norvegicus, known variously as the Norway lobster, Dublin Bay prawn, langoustine (compare langostino) or scampi, is a slim, orange-pink lobster which grows up to long, and is "the most important commercial crustacean in Europe".
Noja is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Numantia (Numancia in Spanish) was an ancient Celtiberian settlement, whose remains are located 7 km north of the city of Soria, on a hill known as Cerro de la Muela in the municipality of Garray.
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
The ojáncanu or ojáncano is a cyclops found in Cantabrian mythology, and is an embodiment of cruelty and brutality.
The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion.
Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication where in knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved and transmitted orally from one generation to another.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
An Organic Law (Ley Orgánica) in Spanish law under the present Spanish Constitution of 1978 must be passed by an absolute majority of the Congress of Deputies (not merely a majority of those voting).
Origines ("Origins") is the title of a historical work by Marcus Porcius Cato.
Orujo is a pomace brandy (a liquor obtained from the distillation of marc, the solid remains left after pressing of the grape) from northern Spain.
Oviedo or Uviéu (officially in Asturian) is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain and the administrative and commercial centre of the region.
An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.
The Palacio de la Magdalena (Spanish for Magdalena Palace) is a palace located on the Magdalena Peninsula of the city of Santander, Cantabria, Spain.
Palencia is a city south of Tierra de Campos, in north-northwest Spain, the capital of the province of Palencia in the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The Parliament of Cantabria is the legislative body of the Autonomous Community of Cantabria.
The Pas River is located in the region of Cantabria in the northern part of Spain.
Pedro Calderón de la Barca y Barreda González de Henao Ruiz de Blasco y Riaño, usually referred as Pedro Calderón de la Barca (17 January 160025 May 1681), was a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age.
Pedro Velarde y Santillán (October 25, 1779 – May 2, 1808) was a Spanish artillery captain famous for his heroic death in the Dos de Mayo uprisings against the French occupation of Madrid.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
The People's Party (Partido Popular; known mostly by its acronym, PP) is a conservative and Christian democratic political party in Spain.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Pesquera is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Peter (Petrus, Pedro; died 730) was the Duke of Cantabria.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.
Phaseolus vulgaris, also known as the common bean and green bean, among other names, is a herbaceous annual plant grown worldwide for its edible dry seeds or unripe fruit (both commonly called beans).
Piélagos is a municipality in Cantabria, Spain.
The Picos de Europa (literally: "Peaks of Europe", often abbreviated in English to the Picos) are a range of mountains 20 km inland from the northern coast of Spain, in the Autonomous Communities of Asturias, Cantabria and Castile and León; they are part of the Cantabrian Mountains.
The Picos de Europa National Park (Parque Nacional de Picos de Europa) is a National Park in the Picos de Europa mountain range, in northern Spain.
The pine processionary (Thaumetopoea pityocampa) is a moth of the family Thaumetopoeidae.
Pinus radiata, family Pinaceae, the Monterey pine, insignis pine or radiata pine, is a species of pine native to the Central Coast of California and Mexico (Guadalupe Island and Cedros island).
The Pisueña River is located at northern Spain, in the area known as Green Spain.
Plymouth is a city situated on the south coast of Devon, England, approximately south-west of Exeter and west-south-west of London.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses, commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Polaciones is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Pollicipes pollicipes, known as the goose neck barnacle, goose barnacle or leaf barnacle is a species of goose barnacle, also well known under the taxonomic synonym Pollicipes cornucopia.
Pomace, or marc (from French marc), is the solid remains of grapes, olives, or other fruit after pressing for juice or oil.
Populus is a genus of 25–35 species of deciduous flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, native to most of the Northern Hemisphere.
Potes is a municipality in the autonomous community of Cantabria in Spain.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The President of Cantabria, according to the Autonomy Statute of Cantabria, presides over the Government of Cantabria, directing its activities, coordinating the Administration of the autonomous community, designating and separating the councillors, and holds supreme representation of the autonomous community and ordinary representation of the State in Cantabria.
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.
Ávila is a province of central-western Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The province of Burgos is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
León is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Palencia is a province of northern Spain, in the northern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula.
Salamanca is a province of western Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Castile and León (Castilla y León).
Segovia is a province of central/northern Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Soria is a province of central Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Valladolid is a province of northwest Spain, in the central part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Zamora is a province of western Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces (provincias,; sing. provincia).
Puff pastry, also known as pâte feuilletée, is a flaky light pastry made from a laminated dough composed of dough (détrempe) and butter or other solid fat (beurrage.). The butter is put inside the dough (or vice versa), making a paton which is repeatedly folded and rolled out before baking.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
A quarry is a place from which dimension stone, rock, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, gravel, or slate has been excavated from the ground.
Quercus ilex, the evergreen oak, holly oak or holm oak, is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region.
Quercus petraea, commonly known as the sessile oak, Cornish oak, or durmast oak, is a species of oak tree native to most of Europe and into Anatolia and Iran.
Quercus robur, commonly known as common oak, pedunculate oak, European oak or English oak, is a species of flowering plant in the beech and oak family, Fagaceae.
Quercus suber, commonly called the cork oak, is a medium-sized, evergreen oak tree in the section ''Quercus'' sect. ''Cerris''.
Quesada pasiega is a dessert typical of the region of Cantabria, Spain.
Real Racing Club de Santander, S.A.D. is a Spanish football club based in Santander, in the autonomous community of Cantabria.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
In Cantabrian mythology, a ramidreju (Cantabrian) is a creature said to inhabit the mountains and forests of Cantabria, in northern Spain.
This article includes several ranked indicators for Spain's autonomous communities, as well as for the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.
The Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.
The red mullets or surmullets are two species of goatfish, Mullus barbatus and Mullus surmuletus, found in the Mediterranean Sea, east North Atlantic Ocean, and the Black Sea.
A regatta is a series of boat races.
The Regionalist Party of Cantabria (Partido Regionalista de Cantabria, PRC) is the second oldest political party in the Spanish Autonomous Community of Cantabria.
Reinosa is a municipality in Cantabria, Spain.
Religion in Ancient Rome includes the ancestral ethnic religion of the city of Rome that the Romans used to define themselves as a people, as well as the religious practices of peoples brought under Roman rule, in so far as they became widely followed in Rome and Italy.
Renfe Feve is a division of state-owned Spanish railway company Renfe Operadora.
Renfe Operadora is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the, the and the networks of the Spanish national railway infrastructure company Adif (Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias—Railway Infrastructure Administration).
A ria is a coastal inlet formed by the partial submergence of an unglaciated river valley.
A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream.
The European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), also known as the western roe deer, chevreuil, or simply roe deer or roe, is a Eurasian species of deer.
The Roman conquest of the Iberian peninsula was a process by which the Roman Republic seized territories in the Iberian peninsula that were previously under the control of native Celtiberian tribes and the Carthaginian Empire.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport whose origins reach back to Ancient Egyptian times.
Ruente is a municipality in Cantabria, Spain.
Ruth Beitia Vila (born 1 April 1979) is a retired Spanish high jumper and politician who is the reigning Olympic champion in the women's high jump.
The Saja is a river in the autonomous community of Cantabria, northern Spain.
The Valleys of the Saja and Nansa Rivers comprise an administrative comarca in Cantabria, Spain.
Saja-Besaya Natural Park is a natural park in Cantabria, Spain.
Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish in the family Salmonidae.
The shepherd's leap (Salto del pastor) is a spectacular folk sport practised throughout the Canary Islands.
San Vicente de la Barquera is a municipality of Cantabria in northern Spain.
Santa Cruz de Bezana is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Santander Airport is an international airport near Santander, Spain and the only airport in Cantabria.
The port city of Santander (Cántabru: Sanander) is the capital of the autonomous community and historical region of Cantabria situated on the north coast of Spain.
Carlos Alonso González (born 23 August 1952), known as Santillana, is a Spanish retired footballer who played as a striker.
Santillana del Mar is a historic town situated in Cantabria, Spain.
The Monastery of Santo Toribio de Liébana is a Roman Catholic monastery located in the district of Liébana, near Potes in Cantabria, Spain.
Santoña is a town in the eastern coast of the autonomous community of Cantabria, on the north coast of Spain.
The Santoña, Victoria and Joyel Marshes Natural Park is an estuary in Cantabria, protected as a natural park.
"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.
Scorpaenidae (also known as the scorpionfish) are a family of mostly marine fish that includes many of the world's most venomous species.
The Second Punic War (218 to 201 BC), also referred to as The Hannibalic War and by the Romans the War Against Hannibal, was the second major war between Carthage and the Roman Republic and its allied Italic socii, with the participation of Greek polities and Numidian and Iberian forces on both sides.
The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.
Segovia is a city in the autonomous region of Castile and León, Spain.
The Sella is a river located in northwest Spain.
The Senate (Senado) is the upper house of Spain's parliament, the Cortes Generales.
Severiano "Seve" Ballesteros Sota (9 April 1957 – 7 May 2011) was a Spanish professional golfer, a World No. 1 who was one of the sport's leading figures from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s.
Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.
The Sierra del Escudo de Cabuérniga is a mountain range in Cantabria, Spain.
Silius Italicus, in full Tiberius Catius Asconius Silius Italicus (c. 28 – c. 103), was a Roman consul, orator, and Latin epic poet of the 1st century AD (Silver Age of Latin literature).
A Site of Community Importance (SCI) is defined in the European Commission Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) as a site which, in the biogeographical region or regions to which it belongs, contributes significantly to the maintenance or restoration at a favourable conservation status of a natural habitat type or of a species and may also contribute significantly to the coherence of Natura 2000, and/or contributes significantly to the maintenance of biological diversity within the biogeographic region or regions concerned.
Skittles is an old European lawn game, a variety of bowling from which ten-pin bowling, duckpin bowling, candlepin bowling (in the United States), and five-pin bowling (in Canada) are descended.
Sobao or sobao pasiego is a Spanish delicacy typical of the Valles Pasiegos and one of the signature delicacies of Cantabria.
The true soles are a family, Soleidae, of flatfishes.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español; PSOE) is a social-democraticThe PSOE is described as a social-democratic party by numerous sources.
The Sparidae are a family of fish in the order Perciformes, commonly called sea breams and porgies.
A Special Protection Area (SPA) is a designation under the European Union Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds.
Squid is eaten in many cuisines; in English, the culinary name calamari is often used for squid dishes from the Mediterranean, notably fried squid (fried calamari).
The Statute of Autonomy of Cantabria is the basic institutional norm of the autonomous community of Cantabria in Spain.
Superstition is a pejorative term for any belief or practice that is considered irrational: for example, if it arises from ignorance, a misunderstanding of science or causality, a positive belief in fate or magic, or fear of that which is unknown.
Tarragona (Phoenician: Tarqon; Tarraco) is a port city located in northeast Spain on the Costa Daurada by the Mediterranean Sea.
The Spanish telephone numbering plan is the allocation of telephone numbers in Spain.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Tiberius (Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus; 16 November 42 BC – 16 March 37 AD) was Roman emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD, succeeding the first emperor, Augustus.
Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
The Torre del Oro (English: "Tower of Gold") is a dodecagonal military watchtower in Seville, southern Spain.
Torrelavega is a municipality and important industrial and commercial hub in the single province Autonomous Community of Cantabria in northern Spain.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
A trainera is a traditional boat of the Cantabrian sea coast at the southern end of the Bay of Biscay, propelled by oars, and formerly sailing.
Transhumance is a type of nomadism or pastoralism, a seasonal movement of people with their livestock between fixed summer and winter pastures.
Trasmiera (Spanish: Trasmiera; Cantabrian and historically: Tresmiera) is a historic comarca of Cantabria (Spain), located to the east of the Miera River (tras Miera, meaning behind Miera, from the point of view of Asturias de Santillana), reaching the western side of the Asón.
The Trenti is an imp-like creature that comes from the Cantabrian mythology, northern Spain.
Tresviso is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Triana is a neighbourhood and administrative district on the west bank of the Guadalquivir River in the city of Seville, Spain.
Trout is the common name for a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the genera Oncorhynchus, Salmo and Salvelinus, all of the subfamily Salmoninae of the family Salmonidae.
Tudanca is a municipality in Cantabria, Spain.
Tudanca is a primitive breed of cattle from Cantabria, Spain, which resembles the wild ancestor of cattle, the extinct aurochs in several respects.
Tuna pot, marmitako in Basque Country and marmita, marmite or sorropotún in Cantabria is a fish stew that was eaten on tuna fishing boats in the Cantabrian Sea.
Txakoli (pronounced) or chacolí (pronounced) is a slightly sparkling, very dry white wine with high acidity and low alcohol content produced in the Spanish provinces of the Basque Country, Cantabria and northern Burgos.
Unemployment is the situation of actively looking for employment but not being currently employed.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.
University of Cantabria (UC) (Universidad de Cantabria), is a public university located in Santander, Torrelavega and Comillas in Cantabria, Spain.
Unquera is a village with 803 inhabitants (INE 2005) in the municipality of Val de San Vicente, in the west of the province of Cantabria, Spain.
The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic, Late Stone Age) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.
The Vaccaei or Vaccei were a pre-Roman Celtic people of Spain, who inhabited the sedimentary plains of the central Duero valley, in the Meseta Central of northern Hispania (specifically in Castile and León).
Val de San Vicente is a municipality located in the autonomous community of Cantabria, Spain.
Valladolid is a city in Spain and the de facto capital of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
Valles Pasiegos is an administrative comarca in Cantabria, Spain.
The Varduli were a pre-Roman tribe settled in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, in what today is the eastern region of the autonomous community of the Basque Country and western Navarre, in northern Spain.
The Vascones (singular Vasco, in the Spanish-language Auñamendi Encyclopedia. from Latin gens Vasconum) were a pre-Roman tribe who, on the arrival of the Romans in the 1st century, inhabited a territory that spanned between the upper course of the Ebro river and the southern basin of the western Pyrenees, a region that coincides with present-day Navarre, western Aragon and northeastern La Rioja, in the Iberian Peninsula.
The velvet crab (alternatively velvet swimming crab, devil crab or lady crab), Necora puber, is a species of crab.
Vicente Calderón Pérez-Cavada (27 May 1913 – 24 March 1987) was a businessman and president of Atlético Madrid for twenty years.
A vine (Latin vīnea "grapevine", "vineyard", from vīnum "wine") is any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent (that is, climbing) stems, lianas or runners.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
Vital Alsar Ramírez was born on August 7, 1933, in "Calle Alta" in Santander, Cantabria, Spain.
The Western Coast of Cantabria is a comarca of said Spanish autonomous community which comprises the municipalities of Val de San Vicente, San Vicente de la Barquera, Valdáliga, Comillas, Udías, Ruiloba, Alfoz de Lloredo, Santillana del Mar and Suances.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.
Willows, also called sallows, and osiers, form the genus Salix, around 400 speciesMabberley, D.J. 1997.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
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