176 relations: Agena target vehicle, Air Force Space and Missile Museum, Air Force Space Command, Alan Shepard, Apollo 1, Apollo 5, Apollo 7, Apollo Applications Program, Apollo Command/Service Module, Apollo Lunar Module, Apollo program, Apollo–Soyuz Test Project, Army Ballistic Missile Agency, AS-201, AS-202, AS-203, Atlas (rocket family), Atlas LV-3B, Atlas V, Atlas-Agena, Atlas-Centaur, Blue Origin, Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar, Boeing X-37, Brevard County, Florida, C. Farris Bryant, Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 1, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 10, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 11, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 12, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 13, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 14, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 15, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 16, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 18, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 19, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 2, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 20, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 21, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 22, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 25, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 26, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 29, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 3, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 30, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 31, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 32, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 34, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 4, ..., Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 47, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 5, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 6, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Skid Strip, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 37, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 41, Cape Canaveral Light, Cassini–Huygens, Christopher C. Kraft Jr. Mission Control Center, Cocoa Beach, Florida, Commercial Crew Development, Commercial Resupply Services, Conflation, Delta (rocket family), Delta II, Delta IV, Delta IV Heavy, Docking and berthing of spacecraft, Dragon 2, Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit, Eastern Range, Ed White (astronaut), Equator, Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle, Expendable launch system, Explorer 1, Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy, Federal Aviation Administration, Flight controller, Florida Legislature, Gemini 12, Gemini 3, Gemini 6A, Gemini 9A, Goddard Space Flight Center, Guiana Space Centre, Gus Grissom, Hangar AE, Harry S. Truman, International Space Station, James E. Webb, John F. Kennedy, John Glenn, Johnson Space Center, Juno I, Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39, Landing Zones 1 and 2, Launch pad, Launch Services Program, LGM-25C Titan II, LGM-30 Minuteman, Liquid hydrogen, List of Cape Canaveral and Merritt Island launch sites, Lunar Orbiter program, Lyndon B. Johnson, Manned Orbiting Laboratory, Mariner 9, Mariner program, Mars Pathfinder, Mason Patrick, Mercury Control Center, Mercury-Atlas 6, Mercury-Redstone 3, Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, Merritt Island, Florida, MESSENGER, MGM-31 Pershing, Missile Row, NASA, National Historic Landmark, Pacific Spaceport Complex – Alaska, Patrick Air Force Base, PDF, Pershing II, PGM-11 Redstone, PGM-19 Jupiter, Pioneer 1, Pioneer Venus project, Planetary flyby, Private spaceflight, Project Gemini, Ranger program, Reubin Askew, Roger B. Chaffee, Saturn (rocket family), Saturn I, Saturn IB, Saturn V, Skylab, Space Florida, Space Race, Space rendezvous, Space Shuttle, Spaceplane, Spaceport Florida Launch Complex 36, Spaceport Florida Launch Complex 46, SpaceX, Sputnik 1, Sub-orbital spaceflight, Surveyor 1, Surveyor program, Telstar 1, Thor (rocket family), Titan (rocket family), Titan II GLV, Titan IIIC, Titan IIIE, Titan IV, UGM-27 Polaris, United Launch Alliance, United States Air Force, United States Department of Defense, United States Navy, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Vanguard TV3, Viking (rocket), Viking program, Voyager 1, Voyager 2, Voyager program, White Sands Missile Range, 45th Space Wing. Expand index (126 more) » « Shrink index
The Agena Target Vehicle (ATV), also known as Gemini-Agena Target Vehicle (GATV) was an unmanned spacecraft used by NASA during its Gemini program to develop and practice orbital space rendezvous and docking techniques, and to perform large orbital changes, in preparation for the Apollo program lunar missions.
The Air Force Space and Missile Museum is located at Launch Complex 26 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), sometimes referred to informally as U.S. Space Command, is a major command of the United States Air Force, with its headquarters at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado.
Rear Admiral Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998) was an American astronaut, naval aviator, test pilot, and businessman.
Apollo 1, initially designated AS-204, was the first manned mission of the United States Apollo program, the program to land the first men on the Moon.
Apollo 5 (also known as AS-204), was the first unmanned flight of the Apollo Lunar Module (LM), which would later carry astronauts to the lunar surface.
Apollo 7 was an October 1968 human spaceflight mission carried out by the United States.
The Apollo Applications Program (AAP) was established by NASA headquarters in 1968 to develop science-based manned space missions using hardware developed for the Apollo program.
The Command/Service Module (CSM) was one of the two United States '''Apollo''' spacecraft, used for the Apollo program which landed astronauts on the Moon between 1969 and 1972.
The Lunar Module (LM, pronounced "Lem"), originally designated the Lunar Excursion Module (LEM), was the lander portion of the Apollo spacecraft built for the US Apollo program by Grumman Aircraft to carry a crew of two from lunar orbit to the surface and back.
The Apollo program, also known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), which accomplished landing the first humans on the Moon from 1969 to 1972.
The Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) (Экспериментальный полёт «Аполлон» - «Союз» (ЭПАС), Eksperimentalniy polyot Apollon-Soyuz, lit. "Experimental flight Apollo-Soyuz", commonly referred to by the Soviets as "Soyuz-Apollo"), conducted in July 1975, was the first joint U.S.–Soviet space flight, as a symbol of the policy of détente that the two superpowers were pursuing at the time.
The Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) was formed to develop the U.S. Army's first large ballistic missile.
AS-202 (also referred to as SA-202) was the second unmanned, suborbital test flight of a production Block I Apollo Command/Service Module launched with the Saturn IB launch vehicle.
AS-203 (or SA-203) was an unmanned flight of the Saturn IB rocket on July 5, 1966.
Atlas is a family of American missiles and space launch vehicles.
The Atlas LV-3B, Atlas D Mercury Launch Vehicle or Mercury-Atlas Launch Vehicle, was a human-rated expendable launch system used as part of the United States Project Mercury to send astronauts into low Earth orbit.
Atlas V ("V" is pronounced "Five") is an expendable launch system in the Atlas rocket family.
The Atlas-Agena was an American expendable launch system derived from the SM-65 Atlas missile.
The Atlas-Centaur was an American expendable launch system derived from the SM-65 Atlas D missile.
Blue Origin, LLC is an American privately funded aerospace manufacturer and spaceflight services company headquartered in Kent, Washington.
The Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar ("Dynamic Soarer") was a United States Air Force (USAF) program to develop a spaceplane that could be used for a variety of military missions, including aerial reconnaissance, bombing, space rescue, satellite maintenance, and as a space interceptor to sabotage enemy satellites.
The Boeing X-37, also known as the Orbital Test Vehicle (OTV), is a reusable uncrewed spacecraft.
Brevard County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida.
Cecil Farris Bryant (July 26, 1914 – March 1, 2002) was the 34th Governor of Florida.
Cape Canaveral, from the Spanish Cabo Cañaveral, is a cape in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of the state's Atlantic coast.
Launch Complex 1 (LC-1) is a deactivated US Air Force launch site on the eastern tip of Cape Canaveral at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Launch Complex 10 (LC-10) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida was a launch pad used by SM-64 Navaho missiles, and later Jason sounding rockets and the Alpha Draco research missile.
Launch Complex 11 (LC-11) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, is a launch complex used by Atlas missiles between 1958 and 1964.
Launch Complex 12 (LC-12) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida was a launch pad used by Atlas rockets and missiles between 1958 and 1967.
Launch Complex 13 (LC-13) was a launch complex at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the third-most southerly of the original launch complexes known as Missile Row, lying between LC-12 and LC-14.
Launch Complex 14 (LC-14) is a launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.
Launch Complex 15 (LC-15) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida is a deactivated launch complex used by LGM-25 Titan missiles between 1959 and 1964.
Launch Complex 16 (LC-16) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida is a launch complex built for use by LGM-25 Titan missiles, and later used for NASA operations before being transferred back to the US military and used for tests of MGM-31 Pershing missiles.
Launch Complex 18 (LC-18) is a launch complex at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida that was active during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Launch Complex 19 (LC-19) is a deactivated launch site on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida used by NASA to launch all of the Gemini manned spaceflights.
Launch Complex 2 (LC-2) is a deactivated US Air Force launch site on the eastern tip of Cape Canaveral, Florida at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
Space Launch Complex 20 (SLC-20), previously designated Launch Complex 20 (LC-20), is a launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Launch Complex 21 (LC-21) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida is a launch complex that was used for horizontal launches of cruise missiles between 1958 and 1963.
Launch Complex 22 (LC-22) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida is a launch complex that was used for horizontal launches of cruise missiles between 1957 and 1960.
Launch Complex 25 (LC-25) was a four-pad launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida built for test flights of the US Navy's submarine-launched ballistic missiles Polaris, Poseidon and Trident from 1958–1979.
Launch Complex 26 (LC-26) is a deactivated launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Launch Complex 29 (LC-29) was a one-pad launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida built for test flights of the US Navy's submarine-launched Polaris ballistic missiles from 1958–1980.
Launch Complex 3 (LC-3) is a deactivated US Air Force launch site southeast of SLC-36 on Cape Canaveral, Florida at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
Launch Complex 30 (LC-30) is a former launch complex at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Launch Complex 31 (LC-31) is a former launch complex at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Launch Complex 32 (LC-32) is a former launch complex at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Cape Canaveral (known as Cape Kennedy from 1963 to 1973) Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 (LC-34) is a launch site on Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Launch Complex 4 (LC-4) was one of the first series of launch complexes to be built at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 47 is a launch pad for sounding rockets located at the north end of Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
Launch Complex 5 (LC-5) was a launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida used for various Redstone and Jupiter launches.
Launch Complex 6 (LC-6) at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida is a launch site used by Redstone and Jupiter series rockets and missiles.
Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip is a military airport at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), 7 nautical miles (11 km) northeast of Cocoa Beach, Florida.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 17 (SLC-17), previously designated Launch Complex 17 (LC-17), was a launch site at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida used for Thor and Delta rocket launches between 1958 and 2011.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 37 (SLC-37), previously Launch Complex 37 (LC-37), is a launch complex on Cape Canaveral, Florida. Construction began in 1959 and the site was accepted by NASA to support the Saturn I program in 1963. The complex consists of two launch pads. LC-37A has never been used, but LC-37B launched unmanned Saturn I flights (1964 to 1965) and was modified and launched Saturn IB flights (1966 to 1968), including the first (unmanned) test of the Apollo Lunar Module in space. It was deactivated in 1972. In 2001 it was modified as the launch site for Delta IV, a launch system operated by United Launch Alliance. The original layout of the launch complex featured one Mobile Service Structure which could be used to service or mate a rocket on either LC-37A or 37B, but not on both simultaneously. The Delta IV Mobile Service Tower is tall, and fitted to service all Delta IV configurations, including the Delta IV Heavy.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40), previously Launch Complex 40 (LC-40) is a launch pad for rockets located at the north end of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 41 (SLC-41), previously Launch Complex 41 (LC-41), is an active launch site at the north end of Cape Canaveral, Florida at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
The Cape Canaveral Light is a historic lighthouse on the east coast of the U.S. state of Florida.
The Cassini–Huygens mission, commonly called Cassini, was a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to send a probe to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its rings and natural satellites.
NASA's Christopher C. Kraft Jr.
Cocoa Beach is a city in Brevard County, Florida.
Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) is a multiphase, space technology development program that is funded by the U.S. government and administered by NASA.
Commercial Resupply Services (CRS) are a series of contracts awarded by NASA from 2008–2016 for delivery of cargo and supplies to the International Space Station (ISS) on commercially operated spacecraft.
Conflation happens when the identities of two or more individuals, concepts, or places, sharing some characteristics of one another, seem to be a single identity, and the differences appear to become lost.
Delta is an American versatile family of expendable launch systems that has provided space launch capability in the United States since 1960.
Delta II is an expendable launch system, originally designed and built by McDonnell Douglas.
Delta IV is an expendable launch system in the Delta rocket family.
The Delta IV Heavy (Delta 9250H) is an expendable heavy-lift launch vehicle, the largest type of the Delta IV family, and is the world's second highest-capacity rocket in operation, with a payload capacity half of SpaceX's Falcon Heavy rocket.
Docking and berthing of spacecraft is the joining of two space vehicles.
Dragon 2 (also Crew Dragon, Dragon V2, or formerly DragonRider) is the second version of the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, which will be a human-rated vehicle.
The Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit was a boilerplate version of the Dragon spacecraft manufactured by SpaceX.
The Eastern Range (ER) is an American rocket range that supports missile and rocket launches from the two major launch heads located at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Florida.
Edward Higgins White II (November 14, 1930 – January 27, 1967), (Lt Col, USAF), was an American aeronautical engineer, U.S. Air Force officer, test pilot, and NASA astronaut.
An equator of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet) is its zeroth circle of latitude (parallel).
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) is an expendable launch system program of the United States Air Force (USAF), intended to assure access to space for Department of Defense and other United States government payloads.
An expendable launch vehicle (ELV) is a launch system or launch vehicle stage that is used only once to carry a payload into space.
Explorer 1 was the first satellite of the United States, launched as part of its participation in the International Geophysical Year.
Falcon 9 is a family of two-stage-to-orbit medium lift launch vehicles, named for its use of nine Merlin first-stage engines, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
Falcon Heavy is a partially reusable heavy-lift launch vehicle designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
Flight controllers are personnel who aid space flight by working in such Mission Control Centers as NASA's Mission Control Center or ESA's European Space Operations Centre.
The Florida Legislature is the Legislature of the U.S. State of Florida.
Gemini 12 (officially Gemini XII) With Gemini IV, NASA changed to Roman numerals for Gemini mission designations.
Gemini 3 was the first manned mission in NASA's Gemini program, the second American manned space program.
Gemini 6A (officially Gemini VI-A) With Gemini IV, NASA changed to Roman numerals for Gemini mission designations.
Gemini 9A (officially Gemini IX-A) With Gemini IV, NASA changed to Roman numerals for Gemini mission designations.
The Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is a major NASA space research laboratory located approximately northeast of Washington, D.C. in Greenbelt, Maryland, United States.
The Guiana Space Centre or, more commonly, Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG) is a French and European spaceport to the northwest of Kourou in French Guiana.
Lieutenant Colonel Virgil Ivan "Gus" Grissom (April 3, 1926 – January 27, 1967) was one of the original NASA Project Mercury astronauts, a United States Air Force test pilot, and a mechanical engineer.
Built in 1959, Hangar AE was originally built for a Department of Defense missile program.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit.
James Edwin Webb (October 7, 1906 – March 27, 1992) was an American government official who served as the second administrator of NASA from February 14, 1961 to October 7, 1968.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
Colonel John Herschel Glenn Jr. (July 18, 1921 – December 8, 2016) was a United States Marine Corps aviator, engineer, astronaut, and United States Senator from Ohio.
The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Manned Spacecraft Center, where human spaceflight training, research, and flight control are conducted.
The Juno I was a four-stage American booster rocket which launched America's first satellite, Explorer 1, in 1958.
The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers.
Launch Complex 39 (LC-39) is a rocket launch site at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, United States.
Landing Zone 1 and Landing Zone 2, also known as LZ-1 and LZ-2, is a landing facility for recovering components of SpaceX's VTVL reusable launch vehicles.
A launch pad is an above-ground platform from which a rocket-powered missile or space vehicle is vertically launched.
Launch Services Program (LSP) is responsible for NASA oversight of launch operations and countdown management, providing added quality and mission assurance in lieu of the requirement for the launch service provider to obtain a commercial launch license.
The Titan II was an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) and space launcher developed by the Glenn L. Martin Company from the earlier Titan I missile.
The LGM-30 Minuteman is a U.S. land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), in service with the Air Force Global Strike Command.
Liquid hydrogen (LH2 or LH2) is the liquid state of the element hydrogen.
Cape Canaveral and adjacent Merritt Island on Florida's Atlantic coast are home to two American spaceports, one civilian and one military, servicing several active launch sites.
The Lunar Orbiter program was a series of five unmanned lunar orbiter missions launched by the United States from 1966 through 1967.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
The Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL), originally referred to as the Manned Orbital Laboratory, was part of the United States Air Force's manned spaceflight program, a successor to the cancelled Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar military reconnaissance space plane project.
Mariner 9 (Mariner Mars '71 / Mariner-I) was an unmanned NASA space probe that contributed greatly to the exploration of Mars and was part of the Mariner program.
The Mariner program was a 10-mission program conducted by the American space agency NASA in conjunction with Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
Mars Pathfinder (MESUR Pathfinder) is an American robotic spacecraft that landed a base station with a roving probe on Mars in 1997.
Mason Mathews Patrick (December 13, 1863 – January 29, 1942) was a general officer in the United States Army who led the United States Army Air Service during and after World War I and became the first Chief of the Army Air Corps when it was created on July 2, 1926.
The Mercury Control Center (also known as building 1385 or simply MCC) provided control and coordination of all activities associated with the NASA's Project Mercury flight operation as well as the first Project Gemini flight, Gemini 3.
Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) was the third human spaceflight for the U.S. and part of Project Mercury.
Mercury-Redstone 3, or Freedom 7, was the first United States human spaceflight, on May 5, 1961, piloted by astronaut Alan Shepard.
The Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, designed for NASA's Project Mercury, was the first American manned space booster.
Merritt Island is a census-designated place in Brevard County, Florida, located on the eastern Floridian coast, along the Atlantic Ocean.
Messenger (stylized as MESSENGER, whose backronym is "MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging", and which is a reference to the messenger of the same name from Roman mythology) was a NASA robotic spacecraft that orbited the planet Mercury between 2011 and 2015.
The MGM-31A Pershing was the missile used in the Pershing 1 and Pershing 1a field artillery missile systems.
Missile Row was a nickname given in the 1960s to the US Air Force and NASA launch complexes at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS).
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance.
The Pacific Spaceport Complex – Alaska (PSCA), formerly known as the Kodiak Launch Complex, is a dual-use commercial and military spaceport for sub-orbital and orbital launch vehicles.
Patrick Air Force Base is a United States Air Force installation located between Satellite Beach and Cocoa Beach, in Brevard County, Florida, in the United States.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
The Pershing II Weapon System was a solid-fueled two-stage ballistic missile designed and built by Martin Marietta to replace the Pershing 1a Field Artillery Missile System as the United States Army's primary nuclear-capable theater-level weapon.
The PGM-11 Redstone was the first large American ballistic missile.
The PGM-19 Jupiter was the first nuclear tipped, medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) of the United States Air Force (USAF).
On October 11, 1958, Pioneer 1 became the first spacecraft launched by NASA, the newly formed space agency of the United States.
The Pioneer Venus project was part of the Pioneer program consisting of two spacecraft, the Pioneer Venus Orbiter and the Pioneer Venus Multiprobe, launched to Venus in 1978.
A planetary flyby is the act of sending a space probe past a planet or a dwarf planet close enough to record scientific data.
Private spaceflight is flight beyond the Kármán line (above the nominal edge of space at Earth altitude)—or the development of new spaceflight technology—that is conducted and paid for by an entity other than a government agency.
Project Gemini was NASA's second human spaceflight program.
The Ranger program was a series of unmanned space missions by the United States in the 1960s whose objective was to obtain the first close-up images of the surface of the Moon.
Reubin O'Donovan Askew (September 11, 1928 – March 13, 2014) was an American politician, who served as the 37th Governor of the U.S. state of Florida from 1971 to 1979.
Roger Bruce Chaffee (February 15, 1935 – January 27, 1967) was an American naval officer and naval aviator, aeronautical engineer, and NASA astronaut in the Apollo program.
The Saturn family of American rocket boosters was developed by a team of mostly German rocket scientists led by Wernher von Braun to launch heavy payloads to Earth orbit and beyond.
The Saturn I (pronounced "Saturn one") was the United States' first heavy-lift dedicated space launcher, a rocket designed specifically to launch large payloads into low Earth orbit.
The Saturn IB (pronounced "one B", also known as the Uprated Saturn I) was an American launch vehicle commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for the Apollo program.
The Saturn V (pronounced "Saturn five") was an American human-rated expendable rocket used by NASA between 1967 and 1973.
Skylab was the United States' space station that orbited the Earth from 1973 to 1979, when it fell back to Earth amid huge worldwide media attention.
Space Florida is the aerospace economic development agency of the State of Florida.
The Space Race refers to the 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for dominance in spaceflight capability.
A space rendezvous is an orbital maneuver during which two spacecraft, one of which is often a space station, arrive at the same orbit and approach to a very close distance (e.g. within visual contact).
The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.
A spaceplane is an aerospace vehicle that operates as an aircraft in Earth's atmosphere, as well as a spacecraft when it is in space.
Launch Complex 36 (LC-36)—formerly known as Space Launch Complex 36 (SLC-36) from 1997 to 2010—is a launch complex at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Brevard County, Florida.
Space Launch Complex 46 (SLC-46) is a launch complex at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station operated under license by Space Florida for Athena rocket launches.
Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.
Sputnik 1 (or; "Satellite-1", or "PS-1", Простейший Спутник-1 or Prosteyshiy Sputnik-1, "Elementary Satellite 1") was the first artificial Earth satellite.
A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.
Surveyor 1 was the first lunar soft-lander in the unmanned Surveyor program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, United States).
The Surveyor program was a NASA program that, from June 1966 through January 1968, sent seven robotic spacecraft to the surface of the Moon.
Telstar 1 was a communications satellite launched by NASA on July 10, 1962, it was the satellite that allowed the first live broadcast of television images between the United States and Europe.
Thor was an American space launch vehicle derived from the PGM-17 Thor intermediate-range ballistic missile.
Titan is a family of United States expendable rockets used between 1959 and 2005.
The Titan II GLV (Gemini Launch Vehicle) or Gemini-Titan II was an American expendable launch system derived from the Titan II missile, which was used to launch twelve Gemini missions for NASA between 1964 and 1966.
The Titan IIIC was an expendable launch system used by the United States Air Force from 1965 until 1982.
The Titan IIIE or Titan 3E, also known as the Titan III-Centaur, was an American expendable launch system. Launched seven times between 1974 and 1977, it enabled several high-profile NASA missions, including the Voyager and Viking planetary probes and the joint West Germany-U.S. Helios spacecraft. All seven launches were conducted from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 41 in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
The Titan IV family (including the IVA and IVB) of rockets were used by the U.S. Air Force.
The UGM-27 Polaris missile was a two-stage solid-fueled nuclear-armed submarine-launched ballistic missile.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) is a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing Defense, Space & Security.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Vandenberg Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base northwest of Lompoc, California.
Vanguard TV3, also called Vanguard Test Vehicle Three was the first attempt of the United States to launch a satellite into orbit around the Earth.
The Viking rocket series of sounding rockets were designed and built by the Glenn L. Martin Company (now Lockheed-Martin) under the direction of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL).
The Viking program consisted of a pair of American space probes sent to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2.
Voyager 1 is a space probe launched by NASA on September 5, 1977.
Voyager 2 is a space probe launched by NASA on August 20, 1977, to study the outer planets.
The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System.
White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) is a United States Army military testing area of almost in parts of five counties in southern New Mexico.
The 45th Space Wing (45 SW) is a United States Air Force unit.
Air Force Missile Test Center, Air Force Missile and Testing Center, CCAFS, Canaveral AFS, Canaveral Air Station, Canaveral Air Station, FL, Canaveral Air Station, Florida, Cape Canaveral A.F.S., Cape Canaveral AFS, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, Cape Canaveral Auxiliary AFS, Cape Canaveral Auxillary AFS, Cape Kennedy Air Force Station, Joint Long Range Proving Ground, Long Range Proving Ground.