43 relations: Aaron Klug, Adenoviridae, Background radiation, Bacteriophage, Capsomere, Cell membrane, DNA, Dodecahedron, Donald Caspar, Enzyme, Foot-and-mouth disease, Genome, Geodesic polyhedron, Goldberg polyhedron, Goldberg–Coxeter construction, Golgi apparatus, Helix, Icosahedron, Icosidodecahedron, Jelly roll fold, La Jolla, List of geodesic polyhedra and Goldberg polyhedra, Metastability, Oligomer, Pentakis dodecahedron, PH, Physical Review E, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Protein, Protein biosynthesis, Protomer, Regular icosahedron, Rhombic triacontahedron, RNA, Robert Williams (geometer), Scripps Research Institute, Sphere, Spring (device), Triakis icosahedron, Truncated dodecahedron, Truncated icosahedron, Viral envelope, Virus.
Sir Aaron Klug (born 11 August 1926) is a Lithuanian-born, South African-educated, British chemist and biophysicist, and winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes.
Adenoviruses (members of the family Adenoviridae) are medium-sized (90–100 nm), nonenveloped (without an outer lipid bilayer) viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid containing a double stranded DNA genome.
Background radiation is a measure of the ionizing radiation present in the environment at a particular location which is not due to deliberate introduction of radiation sources.
A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.
The capsomere is a subunit of the capsid, an outer covering of protein that protects the genetic material of a virus.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
In geometry, a dodecahedron (Greek δωδεκάεδρον, from δώδεκα dōdeka "twelve" + ἕδρα hédra "base", "seat" or "face") is any polyhedron with twelve flat faces.
Donald L. D. Caspar (born January 8, 1927) is an American structural biologist (the very term he coined) known for his works on the structures of biological molecules, particularly of the tobacco mosaic virus.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease (Aphthae epizooticae) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids.
In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.
A geodesic polyhedron is a convex polyhedron made from triangles that approximates a sphere.
A Goldberg polyhedron is a convex polyhedron made from hexagons and pentagons.
The Goldberg–Coxeter construction or Goldberg–Coxeter operation (GC construction or GC operation) is a graph operation defined on regular polyhedral graphs with degree 3 or 4.
The Golgi apparatus, also known as the Golgi complex, Golgi body, or simply the Golgi, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.
A helix, plural helixes or helices, is a type of smooth space curve, i.e. a curve in three-dimensional space.
In geometry, an icosahedron is a polyhedron with 20 faces.
In geometry, an icosidodecahedron is a polyhedron with twenty (icosi) triangular faces and twelve (dodeca) pentagonal faces.
The jelly roll or Swiss roll fold is a protein fold or supersecondary structure composed of eight beta strands arranged in two four-stranded sheets.
La Jolla is a hilly seaside and affluent community within the city of San Diego, California, United States occupying 7 miles (11 km) of curving coastline along the Pacific Ocean within the northern city limits.
This is a list of selected geodesic polyhedra and Goldberg polyhedra, two infinite classes of polyhedra.
In physics, metastability is a stable state of a dynamical system other than the system's state of least energy.
An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.
In geometry, a pentakis dodecahedron or kisdodecahedron is a dodecahedron with a pentagonal pyramid covering each face; that is, it is the Kleetope of the dodecahedron.
In chemistry, pH is a logarithmic scale used to specify the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution.
Physical Review E is a peer-reviewed, scientific journal, published monthly by the American Physical Society.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Protein synthesis is the process whereby biological cells generate new proteins; it is balanced by the loss of cellular proteins via degradation or export.
In structural biology, a protomer is the structural unit of an oligomeric protein.
In geometry, a regular icosahedron is a convex polyhedron with 20 faces, 30 edges and 12 vertices.
In geometry, the rhombic triacontahedron, sometimes simply called the triacontahedron as it is the most common thirty-faced polyhedron, is a convex polyhedron with 30 rhombic faces.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Robert Edward Williams (born 1942) is an American designer, mathematician, and architect.
The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) is a nonprofit American medical research facility that focuses on research and education in the biomedical sciences.
A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").
A spring is an elastic object that stores mechanical energy.
In geometry, the triakis icosahedron (or kisicosahedron) is an Archimedean dual solid, or a Catalan solid.
In geometry, the truncated dodecahedron is an Archimedean solid.
In geometry, the truncated icosahedron is an Archimedean solid, one of 13 convex isogonal nonprismatic solids whose faces are two or more types of regular polygons.
Some viruses (e.g. HIV and many animal viruses) have viral envelopes covering their protective protein capsids.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
Capsid protein, Capsid proteins, Capsids, Caspar-Klug theory, Icosahedral capsid, Nucleocapsid, Nucleocapsids, Procapsid, Procapsids, Protein of the viral capsid, Triangulation number, Viral capsid, Viral coat protein, Viral core, Viral envelope protein, Virus capsids, Virus coat protein.