78 relations: Ammonium carbonate, Aqueous solution, Bicarbonate, Buffer solution, Calcination, Calcite, Calcium carbonate, Calcium oxide, Carbide, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbonate minerals, Carbonate rock, Carbonated water, Carbonates on Mars, Carbonation, Carbonic acid, Carbonic anhydrase, Cellular respiration, Ceramic glaze, Chemical compound, Chemical equilibrium, Conjugate acid, Coral, Cyanide, Delocalized electron, Dimethyl carbonate, Dolomite, Electrostatics, Ester, Ethylene carbonate, Formal charge, Functional group, Geology, Glass, Gusev (Martian crater), Hard water, Iron, Iron ore, Isoelectronicity, Le Chatelier's principle, Lewis structure, Lime (material), Lime kiln, Limestone, Lithium carbonate, Meridiani Planum, Mineralogy, Molar mass, Mollusca, ..., NGC 6302, Nitrate, Organic chemistry, Oxalate, Oxocarbon anion, Oxygen, Peroxycarbonate, Planetary nebula, Polyatomic ion, Portland cement, Potassium carbonate, Propylene carbonate, Resonance (chemistry), Rock (geology), Salt (chemistry), Sedimentary rock, Siderite, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium carbonate, Sodium percarbonate, Solubility, Solubility equilibrium, Standard conditions for temperature and pressure, Trigonal planar molecular geometry, Triphosgene, Uranyl carbonate, Urea cycle, Water. Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
Ammonium carbonate is a salt with the chemical formula (NH4)2CO3.
An aqueous solution is a solution in which the solvent is water.
In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
A buffer solution (more precisely, pH buffer or hydrogen ion buffer) is an aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa.
The IUPAC defines calcination as "heating to high temperatures in air or oxygen".
Calcite is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate (CaCO3).
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound.
In chemistry, a carbide is a compound composed of carbon and a less electronegative element.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbonate minerals are those minerals containing the carbonate ion, CO32−.
Carbonate rocks are a class of sedimentary rocks composed primarily of carbonate minerals.
Carbonated water (bubbly water, fizzy water) is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved, either by technology or by a natural geologic source.
Head (vessel) Evidence for carbonates on Mars was first discovered in 2008.
Carbonation refers to reactions of carbon dioxide to give carbonates, bicarbonates, and carbonic acid.
Carbonic acid is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2CO3 (equivalently OC(OH)2).
The carbonic anhydrases (or carbonate dehydratases) form a family of enzymes that catalyze the interconversion between carbon dioxide and water and the dissociated ions of carbonic acid (i.e. bicarbonate and protons).
Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
Ceramic glaze is an impervious layer or coating of a vitreous substance which has been fused to a ceramic body through firing.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
In a chemical reaction, chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time, so that there is no observable change in the properties of the system.
A conjugate acid, within the Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory, is a species formed by the reception of a proton (H+) by a base—in other words, it is a base with a hydrogen ion added to it.
Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
In chemistry, delocalized electrons are electrons in a molecule, ion or solid metal that are not associated with a single atom or a covalent bond.
Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an organic compound with the formula OC(OCH3)2.
Dolomite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite.
Electrostatics is a branch of physics that studies electric charges at rest.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethylene carbonate (sometimes abbreviated EC) is the organic compound with the formula (CH2O)2CO.
In chemistry, a formal charge (FC) is the charge assigned to an atom in a molecule, assuming that electrons in all chemical bonds are shared equally between atoms, regardless of relative electronegativity.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
Gusev is a crater on the planet Mars and is located at and is in the Aeolis quadrangle.
Hard water is water that has high mineral content (in contrast with "soft water").
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted.
Isoelectronicity is the phenomenon of two or more chemical species (atoms, molecules, radicals, ions etc.) differing in the atoms that comprise them but having the same number of valence electrons and the same structure (that is, the same number of atoms with the same connectivity).
Le Chatelier's principle, also called Chatelier's principle or "The Equilibrium Law", can be used to predict the effect of a change in conditions on some chemical equilibria.
Lewis structures, also known as Lewis dot diagrams, Lewis dot formulas, Lewis dot structures, electron dot structures, or Lewis electron dot structures (LEDS), are diagrams that show the bonding between atoms of a molecule and the lone pairs of electrons that may exist in the molecule.
Lime is a calcium-containing inorganic mineral in which oxides, and hydroxides predominate.
A lime kiln is a kiln used for the calcination of limestone (calcium carbonate) to produce the form of lime called quicklime (calcium oxide).
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Meridiani Planum is a plain located 2 degrees south of Mars' equator (centered at), in the westernmost portion of Terra Meridiani.
Mineralogy is a subject of geology specializing in the scientific study of chemistry, crystal structure, and physical (including optical) properties of minerals and mineralized artifacts.
In chemistry, the molar mass M is a physical property defined as the mass of a given substance (chemical element or chemical compound) divided by the amount of substance.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
NGC 6302, also called the Bug Nebula, Butterfly Nebula, is a bipolar planetary nebula in the constellation Scorpius.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
Organic chemistry is a chemistry subdiscipline involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, and reactions of organic compounds and organic materials, i.e., matter in its various forms that contain carbon atoms.
Oxalate (IUPAC: ethanedioate) is the dianion with the formula, also written.
In chemistry, an oxocarbon anion is a negative ion consisting solely of carbon and oxygen atoms, and therefore having the general formula for some integers x, y, and n. The most common oxocarbon anions are carbonate,, and oxalate,.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
In chemistry, peroxycarbonate (sometimes peroxocarbonate) is a divalent anion with formula.
A planetary nebula, abbreviated as PN or plural PNe, is a type of emission nebula consisting of an expanding, glowing shell of ionized gas ejected from red giant stars late in their lives.
A polyatomic ion, also known as a molecular ion, is a charged chemical species (ion) composed of two or more atoms covalently bonded or of a metal complex that can be considered to be acting as a single unit.
Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general use around the world as a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar, stucco, and non-specialty grout.
Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, which is soluble in water (insoluble in ethanol) and forms a strongly alkaline solution.
Propylene carbonate (often abbreviated PC) is an organic compound with the formula CH3C2H3O2CO.
In chemistry, resonance or mesomerism is a way of describing delocalized electrons within certain molecules or polyatomic ions where the bonding cannot be expressed by one single Lewis structure.
Rock or stone is a natural substance, a solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
Siderite is a mineral composed of iron(II) carbonate (FeCO3).
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate) is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
Sodium percarbonate is a chemical substance with formula.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
Solubility equilibrium is a type of dynamic equilibrium that exists when a chemical compound in the solid state is in chemical equilibrium with a solution of that compound.
Standard conditions for temperature and pressure are standard sets of conditions for experimental measurements to be established to allow comparisons to be made between different sets of data.
In chemistry, trigonal planar is a molecular geometry model with one atom at the center and three atoms at the corners of an equilateral triangle, called peripheral atoms, all in one plane.
Triphosgene (bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (BTC), C3Cl6O3) is a chemical compound that is used as a safer substitute for phosgene, because, at room temperature, it is a solid crystal, as opposed to phosgene, which is a gas.
Uranyl carbonate, UO2(CO3), is a carbonate of uranium that forms the backbone of several uranyl mineral species such as andersonite, mckelveyite-(Y) and wyartite and most importantly rutherfordine.
The urea cycle (also known as the ornithine cycle) is a cycle of biochemical reactions that produces urea ((NH2)2CO) from ammonia (NH3).
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.