135 relations: Acidosis, Adrenaline, Advance healthcare directive, Advanced airway, Advanced cardiac life support, Agonal respiration, American Heart Association, Amiodarone, Aortic rupture, Asystole, Atropine, Automated external defibrillator, Bag valve mask, Basic life support, Bleeding, Blood pressure, Brugada syndrome, Caesarean section, Calcium, Cardiac catheterization, Cardiac output, Cardiac tamponade, Cardiology, Cardiomyopathy, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Cerebral circulation, Chain of survival, Chest pain, Cholesterol, Circulatory system, Clinical death, Cochrane (organisation), College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, Consciousness, Coronary artery disease, Crash cart, Death, Defibrillation, Diabetes mellitus, Disability, Dizziness, Do not resuscitate, Drowning, Drug overdose, Ejection fraction, Electrocardiography, Exercise, Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Fatigue, Framingham Heart Study, ..., Gastrointestinal bleeding, Genealogy, Gold standard (test), Healthy diet, Heart, Heart arrhythmia, Heart failure, Hospital emergency codes, Human brain, Hydrogen, Hyperglycemia, Hyperkalemia, Hypertension, Hypertensive heart disease, Hypoglycemia, Hypokalemia, Hypothermia, Hypovolemia, Hypoxia (medical), Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, Injury, Intensive care unit, Intracranial hemorrhage, Intubation, Ischemic cardiomyopathy, Lidocaine, Lipid emulsion, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Long QT syndrome, Methylprednisolone, Molecular autopsy, Myocardial infarction, Myocarditis, Naloxone, Nausea, Near-death experience, Neonatal Resuscitation Program, Obesity, Omega-3 fatty acid, Opioid, Oxygen, Pediatric advanced life support, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Platelet, Pneumothorax, Precordial thump, Preventive healthcare, Pulmonary embolism, Pulse, Pulseless electrical activity, Rapid response team (medicine), Relative risk reduction, Respiratory arrest, Respiratory failure, Respiratory rate, Resuscitation, Return of spontaneous circulation, Shock (circulatory), Shortness of breath, Slow code, Smoking cessation, Sodium bicarbonate, ST elevation, Stenosis, Syncope (medicine), Tablet (pharmacy), Targeted temperature management, The New York Times, Thermoregulation, Thrombolysis, Thrombosis, Toxin, Tracheal intubation, Traumatic cardiac arrest, Triglyceride, Unconsciousness, United States, Vasopressin, Ventricle (heart), Ventricular fibrillation, Ventricular tachycardia, Vital signs, Vomiting, Weakness, Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome. Expand index (85 more) » « Shrink index
Acidosis is a process causing increased acidity in the blood and other body tissues (i.e., an increased hydrogen ion concentration).
Adrenaline, also known as adrenalin or epinephrine, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication.
An advance healthcare directive, also known as living will, personal directive, advance directive, medical directive or advance decision, is a legal document in which a person specifies what actions should be taken for their health if they are no longer able to make decisions for themselves because of illness or incapacity.
An advanced airway includes.
Advanced cardiac life support or advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS) refers to a set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest, stroke and other life-threatening medical emergencies, as well as the knowledge and skills to deploy those interventions.
Agonal respiration, gasping respiration or agonal breathing is an abnormal pattern of breathing and brainstem reflex characterized by gasping, labored breathing, accompanied by strange vocalizations and myoclonus.
The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Amiodarone is an antiarrhythmic medication used to treat and prevent a number of types of irregular heartbeats.
Aortic rupture is the rupture or breakage of the aorta, the largest artery in the body.
Asystole (1860, from Modern Latin, from Greek privative a "not, without" + systolē "contraction") is the absence of ventricular contractions.
Atropine is a medication to treat certain types of nerve agent and pesticide poisonings as well as some types of slow heart rate and to decrease saliva production during surgery.
An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia, and is able to treat them through defibrillation, the application of electricity which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm.
A bag valve mask, abbreviated to BVM and sometimes known by the proprietary name Ambu bag or generically as a manual resuscitator or "self-inflating bag", is a hand-held device commonly used to provide positive pressure ventilation to patients who are not breathing or not breathing adequately.
Basic life support (BLS) is a level of medical care which is used for victims of life-threatening illnesses or injuries until they can be given full medical care at a hospital.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a genetic condition that results in abnormal electrical activity within the heart, increasing the risk of sudden cardiac death.
Caesarean section, also known as C-section or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Cardiac catheterization (heart cath) is the insertion of a catheter into a chamber or vessel of the heart.
Cardiac output (CO, also denoted by the symbols Q and \dot Q_), is a term used in cardiac physiology that describes the volume of blood being pumped by the heart, in particular by the left or right ventricle, per unit time.
Cardiac tamponade, also known as pericardial tamponade, is when fluid in the pericardium (the sac around the heart) builds up, resulting in compression of the heart.
Cardiology (from Greek καρδίᾱ kardiā, "heart" and -λογία -logia, "study") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system.
Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.
Cerebral circulation is the movement of blood through the network of cerebral arteries and veins supplying the brain.
The chain of survival refers to a series of actions that, properly executed, reduce the mortality associated with cardiac arrest.
Chest pain is pain in any region of the chest.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
Clinical death is the medical term for cessation of blood circulation and breathing, the two necessary criteria to sustain human and many other organisms' lives.
Cochrane is a non-profit, non-governmental organization formed to organize medical research findings so as to facilitate evidence-based choices about health interventions faced by health professionals, patients, and policy makers.
The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO) is the regulatory college for medical doctors in Ontario, Canada.
Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
A crash cart or code cart (crash trolley in UK medical jargon) or "MAX cart" is a set of trays/drawers/shelves on wheels used in hospitals for transportation and dispensing of emergency medication/equipment at site of medical/surgical emergency for life support protocols (ACLS/ALS) to potentially save someone's life.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
Defibrillation is a treatment for life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias, specifically ventricular fibrillation (VF) and non-perfusing ventricular tachycardia (VT).
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.
Dizziness is an impairment in spatial perception and stability.
Do not resuscitate (DNR), also known as no code or allow natural death, is a legal order written either in the hospital or on a legal form to withhold cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), in respect of the wishes of a patient in case their heart were to stop or they were to stop breathing.
Drowning is defined as respiratory impairment from being in or under a liquid.
The term drug overdose (or simply overdose or OD) describes the ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced.
An ejection fraction (EF) is the volumetric fraction of fluid (usually blood) ejected from a chamber (usually the heart) with each contraction (or heartbeat).
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), also known as extracorporeal life support (ECLS), is an extracorporeal technique of providing prolonged cardiac and respiratory support to persons whose heart and lungs are unable to provide an adequate amount of gas exchange or perfusion to sustain life.
Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.
The Framingham Heart Study is a long-term, ongoing cardiovascular cohort study on residents of the city of Framingham, Massachusetts.
Gastrointestinal bleeding (GI bleed), also known as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, is all forms of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the rectum.
Genealogy (from γενεαλογία from γενεά, "generation" and λόγος, "knowledge"), also known as family history, is the study of families and the tracing of their lineages and history.
In medicine and statistics, gold standard test is usually diagnostic test or benchmark that is the best available under reasonable conditions.
A healthy diet is a diet that helps to maintain or improve overall health.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.
Heart arrhythmia (also known as arrhythmia, dysrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat) is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
Hospital emergency codes are coded messages often announced over a public address system of a hospital to alert staff to various classes of on-site emergencies.
The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar (also spelled hyperglycaemia or hyperglycæmia) is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma.
Hyperkalemia, also spelled hyperkalaemia, is an elevated level of potassium (K+) in the blood serum.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Hypertensive heart disease includes a number of complications of high blood pressure that affect the heart.
Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.
Hypokalemia, also spelled hypokalaemia, is a low level of potassium (K+) in the blood serum.
Hypothermia is reduced body temperature that happens when a body dissipates more heat than it absorbs.
Hypovolemia is a state of decreased blood volume; more specifically, decrease in volume of blood plasma.
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) or automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) is a device implantable inside the body, able to perform cardioversion, defibrillation, and (in modern versions) pacing of the heart.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Intensive care unit An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine.
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), also known as intracranial bleed, is bleeding within the skull.
Intubation (sometimes entubation) is a medical procedure involving the insertion of a tube into the body.
Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a type of cardiomyopathy caused by a narrowing of the coronary arteries which supply blood to the heart.
Lidocaine, also known as xylocaine and lignocaine, is a medication used to numb tissue in a specific area.
Lipid emulsion or fat emulsion refers to an emulsion of lipid for human intravenous use.
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (LWW) is an imprint of the publishing conglomerate Wolters Kluwer.
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a condition which affects repolarization of the heart after a heartbeat.
Methylprednisolone, sold under the brand names Depo-Medrol and Solu-Medrol among others, is a corticosteroid medication used to suppress the immune system and decrease inflammation.
Molecular autopsy or postmortem molecular testing is a set of molecular techniques used in forensic medicine to attempt to determine the cause of death in unexplained cases, in particular sudden unexplained deaths (for example sudden cardiac death).
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Myocarditis, also known as inflammatory cardiomyopathy, is inflammation of the heart muscle.
Naloxone, sold under the brandname Narcan among others, is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose.
Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.
A near-death experience (NDE) is a personal experience associated with death or impending death.
The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) is an educational program in neonatal resuscitation that was developed and is maintained by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids, are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) is a 2-day (with an additional self study day) American Heart Association training program co-branded with the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a non-surgical procedure used to treat narrowing (stenosis) of the coronary arteries of the heart found in coronary artery disease.
Platelets, also called thrombocytes (from Greek θρόμβος, "clot" and κύτος, "cell"), are a component of blood whose function (along with the coagulation factors) is to react to bleeding from blood vessel injury by clumping, thereby initiating a blood clot.
A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air in the pleural space between the lung and the chest wall.
Precordial thump is a medical procedure used in the treatment of ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia under certain conditions.
Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has moved from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).
In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
Pulseless electrical activity (PEA), also known as electromechanical dissociation, refers to cardiac arrest in which the electrocardiogram shows a heart rhythm that should produce a pulse, but does not.
A rapid response team (RRT), also known as a medical emergency team (MET) and high acuity response team (HART), is a team of health care providers that responds to hospitalized patients with early signs of deterioration on non-intensive care units to prevent respiratory or cardiac arrest.
In epidemiology, the relative risk reduction is a measure calculated by dividing the absolute risk reduction by the control event rate.
Respiratory arrest is caused by apnea (cessation of breathing) due to failure of the lungs to function effectively.
Respiratory failure results from inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system, meaning that the arterial oxygen, carbon dioxide or both cannot be kept at normal levels.
The respiratory rate is the rate at which breathing occurs.
Resuscitation is the process of correcting physiological disorders (such as lack of breathing or heartbeat) in an acutely unwell patient.
Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is resumption of sustained perfusing cardiac activity associated with significant respiratory effort after cardiac arrest.
Shock is the state of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.
Slow code refers to the practice in a hospital or other medical centre to purposely respond slowly or incompletely to a patient in cardiac arrest, particularly in situations where CPR is of no medical benefit.
Smoking cessation (also known as quitting smoking or simply quitting) is the process of discontinuing tobacco smoking.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
ST elevations refers to a finding on an electrocardiogram wherein the trace in the ST segment is abnormally high above the baseline.
A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure.
Syncope, also known as fainting, is a loss of consciousness and muscle strength characterized by a fast onset, short duration, and spontaneous recovery.
A tablet is a pharmaceutical dosage form.
Targeted temperature management (TTM) previously known as therapeutic hypothermia or protective hypothermia is an active treatment that tries to achieve and maintain a specific body temperature in a person for a specific duration of time in an effort to improve health outcomes during recovery after a period of stopped blood flow to the brain.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different.
Thrombolysis is the breakdown (lysis) of blood clots formed in blood vessels, using medication.
Thrombosis (from Ancient Greek θρόμβωσις thrómbōsis "clotting”) is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system.
A toxin (from toxikon) is a poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms; synthetic toxicants created by artificial processes are thus excluded.
Tracheal intubation, usually simply referred to as intubation, is the placement of a flexible plastic tube into the trachea (windpipe) to maintain an open airway or to serve as a conduit through which to administer certain drugs.
Traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is a condition in which the heart has ceased to beat due to blunt or penetrating trauma, such as a stab wound to the thoracic area.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).
Unconsciousness is a state which occurs when the ability to maintain an awareness of self and environment is lost.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Vasopressin, also named antidiuretic hormone (ADH), arginine vasopressin (AVP) or argipressin, is a hormone synthesized as a peptide prohormone in neurons in the hypothalamus, and is converted to AVP.
A ventricle is one of two large chambers in the heart that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs.
Ventricular fibrillation (V-fib or VF) is when the heart quivers instead of pumping due to disorganized electrical activity in the ventricles.
Ventricular tachycardia (V-tach or VT) is a type of regular and fast heart rate that arises from improper electrical activity in the ventricles of the heart.
Vital signs (often shortened to just vitals) are a group of the 4 to 6 most important signs that indicate the status of the body’s vital (life-sustaining) functions.
Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
Weakness or asthenia is a symptom of a number of different conditions.
Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome (WPWS) is a disorder due to a specific type of problem with the electrical system of the heart which has resulted in symptoms.
Cardiac Arrest, Cardiac Arrest Team, Cardiac arrest team, Cardiac death, Cardiopulmonary arrest, Cardiorespiratory arrest, Circulatory arrest, Coronary artery atheroma, Death, sudden, cardiac, Heart arrest, Sudden Cardiac Arrest, Sudden Cardiac Death, Sudden cardiac arrest, Sudden cardiac death, Sudden coronary death.