Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Cardwell Reforms

+ Save concept

The Cardwell Reforms were a series of reforms of the British Army undertaken by Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell between 1868 and 1874 with the support of Liberal prime minister William Ewart Gladstone. [1]

58 relations: Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Battalion, Blues and Royals, British Army, Childers Reforms, Colony, Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, Cornet (rank), Crimean War, Die hard (phrase), East India Company, Edward Cardwell, 1st Viscount Cardwell, Ensign (rank), Expeditionary warfare, First Gladstone ministry, Flagellation, Foot guards, Franco-Prussian War, Frederick the Great, George Tomkyns Chesney, Great Britain, Haldane Reforms, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Hugh Childers, India, Indian Rebellion of 1857, Jonathan Peel, Liberal Party (UK), List of British Army regiments (1881), List of Regiments of Foot, Military recruitment, Military reserve force, Militia, Napoleonic Wars, Order in Council, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, Purchase of commissions in the British Army, Queen Victoria, Queen's Royal Hussars, Recruitment in the British Army, Regiment, Regimental depot, Robert Ensor, Royal Commission, Royal Indian Engineering College, Second lieutenant, Secretary of State for War, ..., Statutory instrument, Subaltern, Suez Canal, The Battle of Dorking, Trooping the Colour, Tropics, War Office, William Ewart Gladstone. Expand index (8 more) »

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington · See more »

Battalion

A battalion is a military unit.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Battalion · See more »

Blues and Royals

The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons) (RHG/D) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army, part of the Household Cavalry.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Blues and Royals · See more »

British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and British Army · See more »

Childers Reforms

The Childers Reforms of 1881 reorganised the infantry regiments of the British Army.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Childers Reforms · See more »

Colony

In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Colony · See more »

Commander-in-Chief of the Forces

The Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, later Commander-in-Chief, British Army, or just the Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C), was the professional head of the English Army from 1660 to 1707 (the English Army, founded in 1645, was succeeded in 1707 by the new British Army, incorporating existing Scottish regiments) and of the British Army from 1707 until 1904.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Commander-in-Chief of the Forces · See more »

Cornet (rank)

Cornet was originally the third and lowest grade of commissioned officer in a British cavalry troop, after captain and lieutenant.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Cornet (rank) · See more »

Crimean War

The Crimean War (or translation) was a military conflict fought from October 1853 to February 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain and Sardinia.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Crimean War · See more »

Die hard (phrase)

The phrase die hard was first used during the Battle of Albuera (1811) in the Peninsular War.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Die hard (phrase) · See more »

East India Company

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and East India Company · See more »

Edward Cardwell, 1st Viscount Cardwell

Edward Cardwell, 1st Viscount Cardwell, PC, PC (Ire), FRS (24 July 1813 – 15 February 1886) was a prominent British politician in the Peelite and Liberal parties during the middle of the 19th century.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Edward Cardwell, 1st Viscount Cardwell · See more »

Ensign (rank)

Ensign (Late Middle English, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Ensign (rank) · See more »

Expeditionary warfare

Expeditionary warfare is the deployment of a state's military to fight abroad, especially away from established bases.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Expeditionary warfare · See more »

First Gladstone ministry

The Conservative government under Benjamin Disraeli had been defeated at the 1868 general election, so in December 1868 the victorious William Ewart Gladstone formed his first government.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and First Gladstone ministry · See more »

Flagellation

Flagellation (Latin flagellum, "whip"), flogging, whipping or lashing is the act of beating the human body with special implements such as whips, lashes, rods, switches, the cat o' nine tails, the sjambok, etc.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Flagellation · See more »

Foot guards

In some militaries, foot guards are senior infantry regiments.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Foot guards · See more »

Franco-Prussian War

The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Franco-Prussian War · See more »

Frederick the Great

Frederick II (Friedrich; 24 January 171217 August 1786) was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786, the longest reign of any Hohenzollern king.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Frederick the Great · See more »

George Tomkyns Chesney

Sir George Tomkyns Chesney, KCB, CSI, CIE (30 April 1830 in Tiverton, Devon – 31 March 1895), was a British Army general, brother of Colonel Charles Cornwallis Chesney and of writer Matilda Marian Pullan.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and George Tomkyns Chesney · See more »

Great Britain

Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Great Britain · See more »

Haldane Reforms

The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Haldane Reforms · See more »

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, (20 October 1784 – 18 October 1865) was a British statesman who served twice as Prime Minister in the mid-19th century.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston · See more »

House of Commons of the United Kingdom

The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and House of Commons of the United Kingdom · See more »

Hugh Childers

Hugh Culling Eardley Childers (25 June 1827 – 29 January 1896) was a British Liberal statesman of the nineteenth century.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Hugh Childers · See more »

India

India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and India · See more »

Indian Rebellion of 1857

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major uprising in India between 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Indian Rebellion of 1857 · See more »

Jonathan Peel

Jonathan Peel, PC (12 October 1799 – 13 February 1879) was a British soldier, Conservative politician and racehorse owner.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Jonathan Peel · See more »

Liberal Party (UK)

The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Liberal Party (UK) · See more »

List of British Army regiments (1881)

This is a list of British Army cavalry and infantry regiments that were created by Childers reforms in 1881, a continuation of the Cardwell reforms.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and List of British Army regiments (1881) · See more »

List of Regiments of Foot

This is a list of numbered Regiments of Foot of the British Army from the mid-18th century until 1881, when numbering was abandoned.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and List of Regiments of Foot · See more »

Military recruitment

Military recruitment refers to the activity of attracting people to, and selecting them for, military training and employment.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Military recruitment · See more »

Military reserve force

A military reserve force is a military organisation composed of citizens of a country who combine a military role or career with a civilian career.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Military reserve force · See more »

Militia

A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Militia · See more »

Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Napoleonic Wars · See more »

Order in Council

An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Order in Council · See more »

Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Parliament of the United Kingdom · See more »

Prince George, Duke of Cambridge

Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, (George William Frederick Charles; 26 March 1819 – 17 March 1904) was a member of the British Royal Family, a male-line grandson of King George III, cousin of Queen Victoria, and maternal uncle of Queen Mary, consort of King George V. The Duke was an army officer by profession and served as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces (military head of the British Army) from 1856 to 1895.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Prince George, Duke of Cambridge · See more »

Prince William, Duke of Cumberland

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, (26 April 1721 – 31 October 1765), was the third and youngest son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland and his wife, Caroline of Ansbach.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Prince William, Duke of Cumberland · See more »

Purchase of commissions in the British Army

The purchase of officer commissions in the British Army was the practice of paying money to be made an officer in the cavalry and infantry regiments of the English and later British Army.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Purchase of commissions in the British Army · See more »

Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Queen Victoria · See more »

Queen's Royal Hussars

The Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish) (QRH) is the senior United Kingdom armoured regiment.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Queen's Royal Hussars · See more »

Recruitment in the British Army

The British Army came into being with the unification of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1754.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Recruitment in the British Army · See more »

Regiment

A regiment is a military unit.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Regiment · See more »

Regimental depot

The regimental depot of a regiment is the regimental headquarters and also normally the place where recruits are assembled and trained.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Regimental depot · See more »

Robert Ensor

Sir Robert Charles Kirkwood Ensor (16 October 1877 – 4 December 1958) was a British writer, poet, journalist, liberal intellectual and historian.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Robert Ensor · See more »

Royal Commission

A Royal Commission is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry into a defined issue in some monarchies.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Royal Commission · See more »

Royal Indian Engineering College

The Royal Indian Engineering College (or RIEC) was a British college of Civil Engineering run by the India Office to train civil engineers for service in the Indian Public Works Department.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Royal Indian Engineering College · See more »

Second lieutenant

Second lieutenant (called lieutenant in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces, comparable to NATO OF-1b rank.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Second lieutenant · See more »

Secretary of State for War

The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794).

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Secretary of State for War · See more »

Statutory instrument

In many countries, a statutory instrument is a form of delegated legislation.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Statutory instrument · See more »

Subaltern

A subaltern is a primarily British military term for a junior officer.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Subaltern · See more »

Suez Canal

thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Suez Canal · See more »

The Battle of Dorking

The Battle of Dorking: Reminiscences of a Volunteer is an 1871 novella by George Tomkyns Chesney, starting the genre of invasion literature and an important precursor of science fiction.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and The Battle of Dorking · See more »

Trooping the Colour

Trooping the Colour is a ceremony performed by regiments of the British and Commonwealth armies.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Trooping the Colour · See more »

Tropics

The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and Tropics · See more »

War Office

The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and War Office · See more »

William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.

New!!: Cardwell Reforms and William Ewart Gladstone · See more »

Redirects here:

Cardwell reforms, Cardwell's Reforms.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardwell_Reforms

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »