513 relations: Abakuá, ABC islands (Lesser Antilles), Ackee and saltfish, African diaspora, African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, Afro-American religion, Afro-Asians, Afro-Caribbean, Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians, Agriculture, Ajiaco, Akan people, Akumal, ALBA, Aloo pie, Amapá, Ambergris Caye, American English, Americas, Americas (terminology), Anastrepha, Anchor coinage, Anegada, Anguilla, Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda, Antigua and Barbuda cuisine, Arab cuisine, Arabs, Arawak, Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, Arroz con pollo, Aruba, Asian Latin Americans, Asian people, Association of Caribbean States, Atlantic ghost crab, Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic slave trade, Îles des Saintes, Útila, Bahá'í Faith, Bake and Shark, Banana, Banco Chinchorro, Barbados, Barbuda, Bay Islands Department, Belize, Belize City, ..., Bermuda, Big Creek, Belize, Bill Clinton, Biodiversity hotspot, Bispira brunnea, Blanquilla Island, Bluehead wrasse, Boca Paila Peninsula, Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Bonaire, Braising, Breadfruit, British African-Caribbean people, British English, British Indo-Caribbean people, British Overseas Territories, British Virgin Islands, British West Indies, Brujería, Buddhism, Cactus, Caesalpinia, Callaloo, Camagüey, Cancún, Candomblé, Cap-Haïtien, Caquetio, Caribbean Community, Caribbean Development Bank, Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency, Caribbean English, Caribbean Examinations Council, Caribbean Financial Action Task Force, Caribbean Food Crops Society, Caribbean Football Union, Caribbean Hindustani, Caribbean Initiative, Caribbean Netherlands, Caribbean people, Caribbean Plate, Caribbean Programme for Economic Competitiveness, Caribbean region of Colombia, Caribbean Sea, Caribbean Spanish, Caribbean Tourism Organization, Carriacou and Petite Martinique, Castizo, Cay, Caye Caulker, Cayman Islands, Cayos Cochinos, Central America, Chaguanas, Cheilocostus speciosus, Chetumal, Chicken curry, Chile, China, Chindian, Chinese Caribbeans, Chinese folk religion, Chinese language, Chinese people, Chinese Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Cholo, Christianity, Ciboney, Cloud forest, Coche Island, Cocoa panyols, Colón, Panama, Collectivity of Saint Martin, Colombia, Colombian cuisine, Colony, Commonwealth (U.S. insular area), Commonwealth Caribbean, Commonwealth realm, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, CONCACAF, Confucianism, Conservation International, Constitution of Norway, Continental shelf, Cooking banana, Coral reef, Corn Islands, Costa Maya, Cotonou Agreement, Cou-cou, Council on Hemispheric Affairs, Couronian colonization of the Americas, Cozumel, Creole language, Creole peoples, Crescentia cujete, Cricket, Cricket West Indies, Criollo people, Cuba, Cubagua, Cuban crocodile, Cuban cuisine, Cuban Vodú, Cultural geography, Culture of Grenada, Culture of the Caribbean, Curaçao, Curry, Cyphoma signatum, Dal, Dal bhat, Dangriga, Danish West Indies, Deforestation, Demonym, Denmark, Denmark–Norway, Dependent territory, Dominica, Dominica cuisine, Dominican Republic, Dominican Republic cuisine, Dominican Vudú, Doubles (food), Dougla, Dried and salted cod, Duff (dessert), Dutch Caribbean, Dutch language, Dutch people, Economy of the Caribbean, Ecosystem, Ecotourism, El Salvador, Empanada, Encyclopædia Britannica, England, English language, English people, English-based creole languages, Espiritismo, Ethnic group, Ethnic groups in Europe, Eurasian (mixed ancestry), European colonization of the Americas, European Union, Flying fish, Fon people, Foundation for the Development of Caribbean Children, France, Frank Horace Vizetelly, French Guiana, French language, French people, French West Indies, French-based creole languages, Fried bake, Garifuna, Geopolitics, Georgetown, Guyana, Giant barrel sponge, Glover's Reef, Goat water, Great Britain, Greater Antilles, Green and black poison dart frog, Grenada, Grenadines, Grouper, Guadeloupe, Guanahatabey, Guanaja, Guayana Region, Venezuela, Gulf of Mexico, Guna Yala, Guyana, Guyanese pepperpot, Haiti, Haitian Creole, Haitian cuisine, Haitian Vodou, Havana, Hemidactylus, Hick's Cayes, Hinduism, Hinduism in the West Indies, Hispanic, Hispaniola, Hoodoo (folk magic), Hopkins, Belize, Hugo Chávez, Igbo people, Igneri, India, Indian people, Indigenous languages of the Americas, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Indigenous peoples of the Caribbean, Indo-Caribbean Americans, Indo-Caribbeans, Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Indonesia, Indonesian language, Indonesians, Ireland, Isla Aves, Isla Contoy, Isla Holbox, Isla Mujeres, Isla Mujeres Municipality, Islam, Island arc, Island Caribs, Islas Los Frailes, Islet, Italians, Italy, Jainism, Jamaica, Jamaican cuisine, Javanese people, Jerk (cooking), Jews, Jost Van Dyke, Judaism, Kalina people, Kejawèn, Kidney bean, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Kingston, Jamaica, Kongo people, Kumina, La Désirade, La Orchila, La Sola Island, La Tortuga Island, Languages of Africa, Languages of Europe, Languages of India, Languages of Indonesia, Languages of the Caribbean, Las Aves archipelago, Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre, Latin America and the Caribbean (region), Latin American Economic System, Latino, Lechon, Leeward Antilles, Leeward Islands, Leptodactylus fallax, Lesser Antilles, Lighthouse Reef, List of archipelagos by number of islands, List of Caribbean islands, List of Caribbean music genres, List of country calling codes, List of indigenous names of Eastern Caribbean islands, List of Internet top-level domains, List of metropolitan areas in the West Indies, List of mountain peaks of the Caribbean, List of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Caribbean, List of Ultras of the Caribbean, Lomé Convention, Los Hermanos Archipelago, Los Monjes Archipelago, Los Roques archipelago, Los Testigos Islands, Louisiana Voodoo, Lucayan Archipelago, Lucayan people, Macaroni pie, Mahahual, Mangú, Margarita Island, Marie-Galante, Martinique, Martinique amazon, Megalocnus, Mestizo, Mexico, Middle America (Americas), Miskito Cays, Montserrat, Moros y Cristianos (food), Mulatto, Multiracial, Native American religion, NECOBELAC Project, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevis, Non-resident Indian and person of Indian origin, North America, Obeah, Oil down, One Day International, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, Orisha, Ornimegalonyx, Overseas collectivity, Overseas department, Oxford University Press, Palo (religion), Pan frying, Panama, Panama Canal, Papiamento, Paramaribo, Paratha, Pardo, Patos Island (Venezuela), Pearl Cays, Pholourie, Pigeon pea, Pilaf, Piracy in the Caribbean, Placencia, Plantation economy, Playa del Carmen, Political geography, Politics of the Caribbean, Population density, Port-au-Prince, Portugal, Portuguese people, Puerto Aventuras, Puerto Morelos, Puerto Rican amazon, Puerto Rican cuisine, Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico Trench, Punta Allen, Punta Gorda, Belize, Punta Maroma, Quadroon, Quimbanda, Quintana Roo, Rainforest, Raizal, Rastafari, Redonda, Reef, Regionalism (international relations), Republic, Rice and beans, Roatán, Ropa vieja, Rosario Islands, Roti, Saba, Sacy (grape), Saint Barthélemy, Saint Croix, Saint John, U.S. Virgin Islands, Saint Kitts, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Lucian cuisine, Saint Martin, Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Saint Vincent (Antilles), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint-Domingue, Salt, San Blas Islands, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Santería, Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Daime, Santo Domingo, Saona Island, Shrubland, Sian Ka'an, Sikhism, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, Slavery, Socioeconomics, Solenodon, South America, Sovereign state, Spain, Spaniards, Spanish colonization of the Americas, Spanish Town, Spanish Virgin Islands, Spanish West Indies, St. George's Caye, Stenopus hispidus, Straits of Florida, Subregion, Sugar, Sugarcane, Suriname, Swan Islands, Honduras, Swedish colonies in the Americas, Taíno, Taoism, Test cricket, The Bahamas, The Guianas, Time zone, Tobacco, Tobacco Caye, Tobago, Top-level domain, Tortola, Tourism in the Caribbean, Trade bloc, Trade winds, Traditional African religions, Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago cuisine, Trinidad Orisha, Tropical cyclone, Tulum, Turks and Caicos Islands, Turneffe Atoll, Twenty20 International, Tyto pollens, Umbanda, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations geoscheme for the Americas, United States Virgin Islands, University of Georgia Press, University of the West Indies, Uruguay, UTC−04:00, UTC−05:00, Venezuela, Virgin Gorda, Virgin Islands, Water Island, U.S. Virgin Islands, West Africa, West African Vodun, West Indian, West Indies, West Indies cricket team, West Indies Federation, White Caribbeans, White Latin Americans, White Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Windward Islands, Winti, World Meteorological Organization, World Trade Organization, Wrap roti, Xcalak, Xcaret, Xelha, Xpu Há, Yoruba people, Yoruba religion, Yucatán Peninsula, Zambo, Zoroastrianism. Expand index (463 more) » « Shrink index
Abakuá is an Afro-Cuban men's initiatory fraternity, or secret society, which originated from fraternal associations in the Cross River region of southeastern Nigeria and southwestern Cameroon.
The ABC islands are the three western-most islands of the Leeward Antilles in the Caribbean Sea that lie north of Falcón State, Venezuela.
Ackee and saltfish is a traditional Jamaican dish.
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
The African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP) is a group of countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Pacific that was created by the Georgetown Agreement in 1975.
Afro-diasporic religion (also known as African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States.
Afro-Asians or African-Asians (also sometimes Blasians or Black Asians) are persons of mixed African and Asian ancestry.
Afro-Caribbean, a term not used by West Indians themselves but first coined by Americans in the late 1960s, describes Caribbean people who trace at least some of their ancestry to West Africa in the period since Christopher Columbus' arrival in the region in 1492.
Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians (or just Afro-Trinbagonians) are people from Trinidad and Tobago who are largely of West African and Sub-Saharan descent.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Ajiaco is a soup common to Colombia, Cuba, and Peru.
The Akan are a meta-ethnicity predominantly speaking Central Tano languages and residing in the southern regions of the former Gold Coast region in what is today the nation of Ghana.
Akumal is a small beach-front tourist resort community in Mexico, south of Cancún, between the towns of Playa del Carmen and Tulum.
ALBA or ALBA-TCP, formally the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América) or the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America - Peoples’ Trade Treaty (Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América - Tratado de Comercio de los Pueblos), is an intergovernmental organization based on the idea of the social, political and economic integration of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.
An aloo pie is a fried dumpling popular in the Cuisine of Trinidad and Tobago.
Amapá is a state located in the northern region of Brazil.
Ambergris Caye, pronounced, is the largest island of Belize, located northeast of the country in the Caribbean Sea.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
The Americas, also known as America,"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Anastrepha is a genus of tephritid or fruit flies in the family Tephritidae.
The anchor coinage was a series of four denominations of silver coins issued for use in some British colonies in 1820 and 1822.
Anegada is the northernmost of the British Virgin Islands (BVI), a group of islands that form part of the archipelago of the Virgin Islands.
Anguilla is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean.
Antigua, also known as Waladli or Wadadli by the native population, is an island in the West Indies.
Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign state in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Antigua and Barbuda cuisine refers to the cuisines of the Caribbean islands Antigua and Barbuda.
Arab cuisine (مطبخ عربي) is the cuisine of the Arabs, defined as the various regional cuisines spanning the Arab world, from the Maghreb to the Fertile Crescent and the Arabian Peninsula.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
The Arawak are a group of indigenous peoples of South America and of the Caribbean.
Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina (Archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina), or, in everyday language, San Andrés y Providencia, is one of the departments of Colombia.
Arroz con pollo (Spanish for rice with chicken) is a traditional dish of Spain and Latin America, closely related to paella.
Aruba (Papiamento) is an island and a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea, located about west of the main part of the Lesser Antilles and north of the coast of Venezuela.
Asian Latin Americans are Latin Americans of East Asian, Southeast Asian or South Asian descent.
Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.
The Association of Caribbean States (ACS; Asociación de Estados del Caribe; Association des États de la Caraïbe) is a union of nations centered on the Caribbean Basin.
The Atlantic ghost crab, Ocypode quadrata, is a species of ghost crab, once described as an "occult, secretive alien from the ancient depths of the sea".
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas.
The Îles des Saintes ("Islands of the Saints"), also known as Les Saintes, is a small archipelago of the French Antilles (West Indies) located to the south of Basse-Terre Island, west of Marie-Galante and north of Dominica.
Utila (Isla de Utila) is the smallest of the Honduras' major Bay Islands, after Roatán and Guanaja, in a region that marks the south end of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System, the second-largest in the world.
The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.
Bake and Shark is a traditional fast food dish of Trinidadian cuisine.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Banco Chinchorro is an atoll reef lying off the southeast coast of the Municipality of Othón P. Blanco in Quintana Roo, Mexico, near Belize.
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.
Barbuda is a small island located in the eastern Caribbean forming part of the sovereign Commonwealth nation of Antigua and Barbuda.
The Bay Islands (Islas de la Bahía) is a group of islands off the coast of Honduras.
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.
Belize City is the largest city in Belize and was once the capital of the former British Honduras.
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.
Big Creek or Cala Grande is a sea port facility in Belize.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction.
Bispira brunnea, the social feather duster or cluster duster, is a species of marine bristleworm.
Blanquilla is an island, one of the federal dependencies of Venezuela, located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea about 293 km (182 miles) northeast of Caracas.
The bluehead wrasse or blue-headed wrasse (Thalassoma bifasciatum) is a species of saltwater fish in the wrasse family (Labridae) of order Perciformes native to the coral reefs of the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean.
The Boca Paila Peninsula, also known as Sian Ka'an, is on the southern Yucatán Peninsula coast, within Tulum municipality of the state of Quintana Roo in southeastern Mexico.
The Bocas del Toro Archipelago is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea in the northwest of Panama.
Bonaire (pronounced or; Bonaire,; Papiamento: Boneiru) is an island in the Leeward Antilles in the Caribbean Sea.
Braising (from the French word braiser) is a combination-cooking method that uses both lit wet and dry heats: typically, the food is first seared at a high temperature, then finished in a covered pot at a lower temperature while sitting in some (variable) amount of liquid (which may also add flavor).
Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a species of flowering tree in the mulberry and jackfruit family (Moraceae) originating in the South Pacific and eventually spreading to the rest of Oceania. British and French navigators introduced a few Polynesian seedless varieties to Caribbean islands during the late 18th century, and today it is grown in some 90 countries throughout South and Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, Central America and Africa. Its name is derived from the texture of the moderately ripe fruit when cooked, similar to freshly baked bread and having a potato-like flavor. According to DNA fingerprinting studies, breadfruit has its origins in the region of Oceania from New Guinea through the Indo-Malayan Archipelago to western Micronesia. The trees have been widely planted in tropical regions elsewhere, including lowland Central America, northern South America, and the Caribbean. In addition to the fruit serving as a staple food in many cultures, the trees' light, sturdy timber has been used for outriggers, ships and houses in the tropics.
British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.
British English is the standard dialect of English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom.
British Indo-Caribbean people are residents of the United Kingdom who were born in the Caribbean and whose ancestors are indigenous to India.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The British Virgin Islands (BVI), officially simply "Virgin Islands", are a British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean, to the east of Puerto Rico.
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat and the British Virgin Islands.
Brujería is the Spanish-language word for "witchcraft".
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
A cactus (plural: cacti, cactuses, or cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae,Although the spellings of botanical families have been largely standardized, there is little agreement among botanists as to how these names are to be pronounced.
Caesalpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae.
Callaloo (sometimes calaloo or kallaloo) is a popular Caribbean dish originating in West Africa served in different variants across the Caribbean.
Camagüey is a city and municipality in central Cuba and is the nation's third largest city with more than 321,000 inhabitants.
Cancún is a city in southeastern Mexico on the northeast coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo.
Candomblé (dance in honour of the gods) is an Afro-American religious tradition, practiced mainly in Brazil.
Cap-Haïtien (Kap Ayisyen; Cape Haitian) often referred to as Le Cap or Au Cap, is a commune of about 190,000 people on the north coast of Haiti and capital of the department of Nord.
Caquetio, Caiquetio, or Caiquetia, were natives of northwestern Venezuela, living along the shores of Lake Maracaibo at the time of the Spanish conquest.
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is an organization of fifteen Caribbean nations and dependencies whose main objective is to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy.
The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) is a financial institution that helps Caribbean nations finance social and economic programs in its member countries.
The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) is an inter-regional supportive network of independent emergency units throughout the Caribbean region.
Caribbean English is a broad term for the dialects of the English language spoken in the Caribbean and Liberia, most countries on the Caribbean coast of Central America, and Guyana and Suriname on the coast of South America.
The Caribbean Examinations Council or CXC® is an examination board in the Caribbean.
The Caribbean Financial Action Task Force (CFATF) is an organization of states and territories of the Caribbean Basin that have agreed to implement common counter-measures against money laundering.
The Caribbean Food Crop Society is the regional trade association serving agronomists and agriculture for countries bordering on the Caribbean Sea.
The Caribbean Football Union, often referred to by its initials CFU, is the nominal governing body for association football in the Caribbean as well as Bermuda, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
Caribbean Hindustani is an Indo-Aryan language spoken as a lingua franca by Indo-Caribbeans and the Indo-Caribbean diaspora.
The is the most recent initiative of the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature).
The Caribbean Netherlands (Caribisch Nederland) are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea.
A Caribbean person is a native or inhabitant of the Caribbean region or a person of Caribbean descent living outside the Caribbean.
The Caribbean Plate is a mostly oceanic tectonic plate underlying Central America and the Caribbean Sea off the north coast of South America.
The Caribbean Regional Human Resource Development Program for Economic Competitiveness known as (CPEC) for short is a programme funded by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
The Caribbean region of Colombia or Caribbean coast region is in the north of Colombia and is mainly composed of eight Departments located contiguous to the Caribbean.
The Caribbean Sea (Mar Caribe; Mer des Caraïbes; Caraïbische Zee) is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere.
Caribbean Spanish (Spanish: español caribeño) is the general name of the Spanish dialects spoken in the Caribbean region.
The Caribbean Tourism Organizations main objective is the development of sustainable tourism for the economic and social benefit of Caribbean people.
Carriacou and Petite Martinique is a dependency of Grenada, lying north of Grenada island and south of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the Lesser Antilles.
Castizo is a Spanish word with a general meaning of "pure", "genuine" or representative of its race (from the Spanish: "casta").
A cay, also spelled caye or key, is a small, low-elevation, sandy island on the surface of a coral reef.
Caye Caulker is a small limestone coral island off the coast of Belize in the Caribbean Sea measuring about (north to south) by less than (east to west).
The Cayman Islands is an autonomous British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea.
The Cayos Cochinos or Cochinos Cays consist of two small islands (Cayo Menor and Cayo Grande) and 13 more small coral cays situated northeast of La Ceiba on the northern shores of Honduras.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
The Borough of Chaguanas is the largest borough (83,516 at the 2011 census) and fastest-growing - Afra Raymond, 29 July 2004.
Cheilocostus speciosus, or crêpe ginger, is a species of flowering plants in the genus Cheilocostus.
Chetumal (Modern Maya: Chactemàal, "Place of the Red Wood") (coordinates) is a city on the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico.
Chicken curry is a common delicacy in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, as well as in the Caribbean (specifically Trinidad, where it is usually referred to as curry chicken).
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chindian is an informal term used to refer to a person of mixed Chinese and Indian ancestry; i.e. from any of the host of ethnic groups native to modern China and India.
Chinese Caribbeans (sometimes Sino-Caribbean) are people of Han Chinese ethnic origin living in the Caribbean.
Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Chinese people are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation.
Chinese-Trinidadian and Tobagonian (sometimes Sino-Trinidadian and Tobagonian or Chinese Trinbagonian) are Trinidadians and Tobagonians of Chinese ancestry.
Cholo is a loosely defined Spanish term that has had various meanings.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The Ciboney, or Siboney, were a Taíno people of Cuba.
A cloud forest, also called a water forest, is a generally tropical or subtropical, evergreen, montane, moist forest characterized by a persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level, formally described in the International Cloud Atlas (2017) as silvagenitus.
Isla de Coche (Coche Island) is one of three islands forming the Nueva Esparta State of Venezuela, located in the Caribbean between Isla Margarita and the mainland.
The Panyols are an ethnic group in Trinidad and Tobago of mixed Spanish, Amerindian, Afro-Latin American, Afro-Trinidadian and Tobagonian descent.
Colón is a Panamanian city and sea port beside the Caribbean Sea, lying near the Atlantic entrance to the Panama Canal.
Saint Martin (Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin (Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France in the West Indies in the Caribbean.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
Colombian cuisine includes the cooking traditions and practices of Colombia's Caribbean shoreline, Pacific coast, mountains, and ranchlands.
In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.
In the terminology of the United States insular areas, a Commonwealth is a type of organized but unincorporated dependent territory.
The term Commonwealth Caribbean is used to refer to the independent English-speaking countries of the Caribbean region.
A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state that is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and shares the same person, currently Queen Elizabeth II, as its head of state and reigning constitutional monarch, but retains a Crown legally distinct from the other realms.
The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Comunidad de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños, CELAC; Comunidade de Estados Latino-Americanos e Caribenhos; Communauté des États Latino-Américains et Caribéens; Gemeenschap van Latijns-Amerikaanse en Caraïbische Staten) is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states thought out on February 23, 2010, at the Rio Group–Caribbean Community Unity Summit, and created on December 3, 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela, with the signature of The Declaration of Caracas.
The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF,; typeset for branding purposes since 2018 as Concacaf) is the continental governing body for association football (soccer) in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Conservation International (CI) is an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Arlington, Virginia.
The Constitution of Norway (complete name: the Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway; official name in Danish: Kongeriget Norges Grundlov; Norwegian Bokmål: Kongeriket Norges Grunnlov; Norwegian Nynorsk: Kongeriket Noregs Grunnlov) was first adopted on 16 May and subsequently signed and dated on 17 May 1814 by the Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll.
The continental shelf is an underwater landmass which extends from a continent, resulting in an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea.
Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
The Corn Islands (Las Islas del Maíz) are two islands about east of the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, constituting one of 12 municipalities of the South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region.
Costa Maya is a small tourist region in the municipality of Othón P. Blanco in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico, the only state bounded by the Caribbean Sea to its east.
The Cotonou Agreement is a treaty between the European Union and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States ("ACP countries").
Cou-cou, coo-coo (as it is known in the Windward Islands), or fungi (as it is known in the Leeward Islands and Dominica) makes up part of the national dishes of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, British Virgin Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
The Council on Hemispheric Affairs (COHA) is a leftist Washington, D.C.-based non-governmental organization (NGO) founded in 1975.
The Couronian colonization of the Americas was performed by the Duchy of Courland, which was the second smallest state to colonize the Americas (after the Knights of Malta), with a colony on the island of Tobago from 1654 to 1659, and intermittently from 1660 to 1689.
Cozumel (Kùutsmil) is an island and municipality in the Caribbean Sea off the eastern coast of Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, opposite Playa del Carmen, and close to the Yucatán Channel.
A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages at a fairly sudden point in time: often, a pidgin transitioned into a full, native language.
Creole peoples (and its cognates in other languages such as crioulo, criollo, creolo, créole, kriolu, criol, kreyol, kreol, kriol, krio, kriyoyo, etc.) are ethnic groups which originated from creolisation, linguistic, cultural and racial mixing between colonial-era emigrants from Europe with non-European peoples, climates and cuisines.
Crescentia cujete, commonly known as the Calabash Tree, is species of flowering plant that is native to Central, South America, West Africa and South Africa.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Cricket West Indies (CWI), formerly known as West Indies Cricket Board (WICB), is the governing body for cricket in the West Indies (a sporting confederation of over a dozen mainly English-speaking Caribbean countries and dependencies that once formed the British West Indies).
The Criollo is a term which, in modern times, has diverse meanings, but is most commonly associated with Latin Americans who are of full or near full Spanish descent, distinguishing them from both multi-racial Latin Americans and Latin Americans of post-colonial (and not necessarily Spanish) European immigrant origin.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Cubagua or Isla de Cubagua is the smallest and least populated of the three islands constituting the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta, after Isla Margarita and Coche.
The Cuban crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer) is a small species of crocodile found only in Cuba.
Cuban cuisine is a blend of Native American Taino food, Spanish, African, and Caribbean cuisines.
Cuban Vodú, also known as La Regla de Arará, is a syncretic religion of Caribbean origin which developed in the Spanish Empire.
Cultural geography is a subfield within human geography.
Grenada's French colonists brought along their culture, as did the African slaves they brought across the Atlantic for agricultural work.
The term Caribbean culture summarises the artistic, musical, literary, culinary, political and social elements that are representative of the Caribbean people all over the world.
Curaçao (Curaçao,; Kòrsou) is a Lesser Antilles island in the southern Caribbean Sea and the Dutch Caribbean region, about north of the Venezuelan coast.
Curry (sometimes, plural curries) is an umbrella term referring to a number of dishes originating in the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent.
Cyphoma signatum, common name: the fingerprint flamingo tongue, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Ovulidae, the ovulids, cowry allies or false cowries.This species was recently synonymised with Cyphoma gibbosum.
Dal (also spelled daal, dail, dhal; pronunciation) is a term in the Indian subcontinent for dried, split pulses (that is, lentils, peas, and beans).
Dal bhat (दालभात, ডাল ভাত, દાળ ભાત, डाळ भात, দাইল ভাত dail bhat / ডালি ভাত dali bhat) is a traditional meal from the Indian subcontinent, popular in many areas of Nepal, Bangladesh and India.
Dangriga, formerly known as Stann Creek Town, is a town in southern Belize, located on the Caribbean coast at the mouth of the North Stann Creek River.
The Danish West Indies (Dansk Vestindien) or Danish Antilles was a Danish colony in the Caribbean, consisting of the islands of Saint Thomas with; Saint John with; and Saint Croix with.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Denmark–Norway (Danish and Norwegian: Danmark–Norge or Danmark–Noreg; also known as the Oldenburg Monarchy or the Oldenburg realms) was an early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real unionFeldbæk 1998:11 consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (including Norwegian overseas possessions the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, et cetera), the Duchy of Schleswig, and the Duchy of Holstein.
A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.
Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.
Dominica cuisine is the cuisine of the island nation of Dominica.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Dominican Republic cuisine is predominantly made up of a combination of Spanish, indigenous Taíno, and African influences.
Dominican Vudú, also known as Las 21 Divisiones (21 Divisions), is a syncretic religion of Caribbean origin which developed in the Spanish Empire.
Doubles is a common street food in Trinidad and Tobago.
Dougla (or Dugla) is a word used by people especially in Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname and Guyana to describe people who are of mixed Indian/South Asian and African descent more or less.
Dried and salted cod, sometimes referred to simply as salt cod, is cod which has been preserved by drying after salting.
Duff is a Bahamian cuisine dessert dish made with fruit (especially guava) in a dough.
The Dutch Caribbean (historically known as the Dutch West Indies) is the territories, colonies, and countries, both former and current, of the Dutch Empire and the Kingdom of the Netherlands that are located in the Lesser Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
The Economy of the Caribbean is varied, but depends heavily on natural resources, agriculture and travel and tourism.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
An empanada is a type of pasty baked or fried in many countries of the Americas and in Spain.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
An English-based creole language (often shortened to English creole) is a creole language derived from the English language, for which English is the lexifier.
Espiritismo (Portuguese and Spanish for "Spiritism") is a term used in Latin America and the Caribbean to refer to the popular belief that good and evil spirits can affect health, luck and other aspects of human life.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
The Indigenous peoples of Europe are the focus of European ethnology, the field of anthropology related to the various indigenous groups that reside in the nations of Europe.
A Eurasian is a person of mixed Asian and European ancestry.
The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Exocoetidae are a family of marine fishes in the order Beloniformes class Actinopterygii.
The Fon people, also called Fon nu, Agadja or Dahomey, are a major African ethnic and linguistic group.
The Foundation for the Development of Caribbean Children (FDCC) is a nonprofit organisation helps disadvantaged young children in the Caribbean to reach their full potential through early childhood development (ECD) outreach.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Not to be confused with Frank Vizetelly (1830–1883), a British war correspondent and artist for the Illustrated London News who perished after the massacre of Hicks Pasha's army in Sudan. Francis "Frank" Horace Vizetelly (2 April 1864 – 20 December 1938) was an English-American lexicographer, etymologist, and editor.
French Guiana (pronounced or, Guyane), officially called Guiana (Guyane), is an overseas department and region of France, on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.
The term French West Indies or French Antilles (Antilles françaises) refers to the seven territories currently under French sovereignty in the Antilles islands of the Caribbean.
A French creole, or French-based creole language, is a creole language (contact language with native speakers) for which French is the lexifier.
Fried bake is a Caribbean dish.
The Garifuna (Pardo) (pl. Garinagu in Garifuna) are Indigenous of mixed-race descendants of West African, Central African, Island Carib, European, and Arawak people.
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
Georgetown is the capital of Guyana, located in Region 4, which is also known as the Demerara-Mahaica region.
The giant barrel sponge (Xestospongia muta) is the largest species of sponge found growing on Caribbean coral reefs.
Glover's Reef is a partially submerged atoll located off the southern coast of Belize, approximately 45 kilometres from the mainland.
Goat water, also referred to as kiddy stew, is a stew that is a part of the national cuisine of the Caribbean island of Montserrat It has been described as a national dish of Montserrat.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
The Greater Antilles is a grouping of the larger islands in the Caribbean Sea: Cuba, Hispaniola (containing Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and the Cayman Islands.
The green-and-black poison dart frog (Dendrobates auratus), also known as the green-and-black poison arrow frog and with numerous other names, is a brightly colored member of the order Anura native to Central America and northwestern parts of South America.
Grenada is a sovereign state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain.
The Grenadines are a chain of small island that lie on a line between the larger islands of Saint Vincent and Grenada in the Lesser Antilles.
Groupers are fish of any of a number of genera in the subfamily Epinephelinae of the family Serranidae, in the order Perciformes.
Guadeloupe (Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an insular region of France located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean.
The Guanahatabey (also spelled Guanajatabey) were an indigenous people of western Cuba at the time of European contact.
Guanaja is one of the Bay Islands of Honduras and is in the Caribbean.
The Guayana Region is an administrative region of eastern Venezuela.
The Gulf of Mexico (Golfo de México) is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent.
Guna Yala, formerly known as San Blas, is an indigenous province in northeast Panama (Official Gazette of Panama).
Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
Pepperpot is an Amerindian-derived dish popular in Guyana.
Haiti (Haïti; Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti and formerly called Hayti, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea.
Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen,; créole haïtien) is a French-based creole language spoken by 9.6–12million people worldwide, and the only language of most Haitians.
Haitian cuisine consists of cooking traditions and practices from Haiti.
Haitian Vodou (also written as Vaudou; known commonly as Voodoo, sometimes as Vodun, Vodoun, Vodu, or Vaudoux) is a syncretic religion practiced chiefly in Haiti and the Haitian diaspora.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
Hemidactylus (the house geckos) is a genus of the common gecko family, Gekkonidae.
Hick's Cayes (Spanish: Cayos Hicks) are a group of uninhabited Islands in the South of Chetumal Bay, between St. George's Caye and Caye Chapel, about halfway between Belize City and San Pedro Town.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hinduism is the leading single religion of the Indo-Caribbean communities of the West Indies.
The term Hispanic (hispano or hispánico) broadly refers to the people, nations, and cultures that have a historical link to Spain.
Hispaniola (Spanish: La Española; Latin and French: Hispaniola; Haitian Creole: Ispayola; Taíno: Haiti) is an island in the Caribbean island group, the Greater Antilles.
African American Hoodoo (also known as "conjure", "rootworking", "root doctoring", or "working the root").
Hopkins Village is a coastal village in eastern Belize.
Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (28 July 1954 – 5 March 2013) was a Venezuelan politician who was President of Venezuela from 1999 to 2013.
The Igbo people (also Ibo," formerly also Iboe, Ebo, Eboe, Eboans, Heebo; natively Ṇ́dị́ Ìgbò) are an ethnic group native to the present-day south-central and southeastern Nigeria.
The Igneri were an indigenous Arawak people of the southern Greater Antilles in the Caribbean.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
The indigenous peoples of the Caribbean included the Taíno, the Island Caribs of the Lesser Antilles, and the Guanahatabey of western Cuba.
Indo-Caribbean American people are Americans who trace their ancestry ultimately to India, though whose recent ancestors lived in the Caribbean, where they began migrating in 1838 as indentured laborers.
Indo-Caribbeans are Caribbean people with roots in the Indian subcontinent.
Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian (shortened as Indo-Trinidadian) are nationals of Trinidad and Tobago with ancestry from the Indian subcontinent.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia.
Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Indonesia) are citizens of Indonesia, regardless of their race, ethnicity or religious background.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Isla de Aves (Spanish for "Island of Birds" or "Birds Island"), or Aves Island, is a Caribbean dependency of Venezuela.
Isla Contoy is a small island in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, approximately 30 kilometers north of Isla Mujeres.
Holbox ("black hole" in Yucatec Maya) is an island in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, located on the north coast of the Yucatán Peninsula.
Isla Mujeres (Spanish for "Women Island") is an island in the Caribbean Sea, about off the Yucatán Peninsula coast.
Isla Mujeres (Spanish for Island of the Women) is one of the ten municipalities of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, on the Yucatán Peninsula.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
An island arc is a type of archipelago, often composed of a chain of volcanoes, with arc-shaped alignment, situated parallel and close to a boundary between two converging tectonic plates.
The Island Caribs, also known as the Kalinago or simply Caribs, are an indigenous Caribbean people of the Lesser Antilles.
The Islas Los Frailes are an archipelago of rock islets with sparse scrub vegetation belonging to the Federal dependencies of Venezuela, part of Venezuela.
An islet is a very small island.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
Jamaican cuisine includes a mixture of cooking techniques, flavours, spices and influences from the indigenous people on the island of Jamaica, and the Spanish, Irish, British, Africans, Indian and Chinese who have inhabited the island.
The Javanese (Ngoko Javanese:, Madya Javanese:,See: Javanese language: Politeness Krama Javanese:, Ngoko Gêdrìk: wòng Jåwå, Madya Gêdrìk: tiyang Jawi, Krama Gêdrìk: priyantun Jawi, Indonesian: suku Jawa) are an ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Java.
Jerk is a style of cooking native to Jamaica, in which meat is dry-rubbed or wet marinated with a hot spice mixture called Jamaican jerk spice.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
Jost Van Dyke (sometimes colloquially referred to as JVD or Jost) is the smallest of the four main islands of the British Virgin Islands, measuring roughly.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
The Kalina, also known as the Caribs, Kali'na, mainland Caribs and several other names, are an indigenous people native to the northern coastal areas of South America.
Kejawèn or Javanism, also called Kebatinan, Agama Jawa, and Kepercayaan, is a Javanese religious tradition, consisting of an amalgam of animistic, Buddhist, Hindu and Islamic, especially Sufi, beliefs and practices.
The kidney bean is a variety of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris).
The Kingdom of the Netherlands (Koninkrijk der Nederlanden), commonly known as the Netherlands, is a sovereign state and constitutional monarchy with the large majority of its territory in Western Europe and with several small island territories in the Caribbean Sea, in the West Indies islands (Leeward Islands and Lesser Antilles).
Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica, located on the southeastern coast of the island.
The Kongo people (Kongo: Esikongo (singular: Mwisikngo, also Bakongo (singular: Mukongo) "since about 1910 it is not uncommon for the term Bakongo (singular Mukongo) to be used, especially in areas north of the Zaire river, and by intellectuals and anthropologists adopting a standard nomenclature for Bantu-speaking peoples." J. K. Thornton, "Mbanza Kongo / São Salvador" in Anderson (ed.), Africa's Urban Past (2000)) are a Bantu ethnic group primarily defined as the speakers of Kikongo (Kongo languages). They have lived along the Atlantic coast of Central Africa, in a region that by the 15th century was a centralized and well organized Kongo kingdom, but is now a part of three countries. Their highest concentrations are found south of Pointe-Noire in the Republic of Congo, southwest of Pool Malebo and west of the Kwango River in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and north of Luanda, Angola., Encyclopædia Britannica They are the largest ethnic group in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and one of the major ethnic groups in the other two countries they are found in. In 1975, the Kongo population was reported as 10,220,000. The Kongo people were among the earliest sub-Saharan Africans to welcome Portuguese traders in 1483 CE, and began converting to Catholicism in the late 15th century. They were among the first to protest slavery in letters to the King of Portugal in the 1510s and 1520s, then succumbed to the demands for slaves from the Portuguese through the 16th century. The Kongo people were a part of the major slave raiding, capture and export trade of African slaves to the European colonial interests in 17th and 18th century. The slave raids, colonial wars and the 19th-century Scramble for Africa split the Kongo people into Portuguese, Belgian and French parts. In the early 20th century, they became one of the most active ethnic groups in the efforts to decolonize Africa, helping liberate the three nations to self governance. They now occupy influential positions in the politics, administration and business operations in the three countries they are most found in.
Kumina is an African Jamaican religion and practices that include secular ceremonies, dance and music that developed from the beliefs and traditions brought to the island by BaKongo enslaved people and indentured labourers, from the Congo region of West Central Africa, during the post-emancipation era.
La Désirade is an island in the French West Indies.
La Orchila is an island and a military base off the coast of Venezuela, north of Caracas.
La Sola Island (Isla La Sola) is a small island in the southeastern Caribbean Sea.
La Tortuga Island (in Spanish: Isla La Tortuga; "La Tortuga" means "the turtle") is an uninhabited island of Venezuela, the largest in the Federal Dependencies of Venezuela.
The languages of Africa are divided into six major language families.
Most languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family.
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.
More than 700 living languages are spoken in Indonesia.
The languages of the Caribbean reflect the region's diverse history and culture.
The Las Aves Archipelago is a pristine archipelago in the Caribbean Sea, and is part of the Federal Dependencies of Venezuela.
The Latin America and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LACNIC, Spanish: Registro de Direcciones de Internet para América Latina y Caribe, Portuguese: Registro de Endereçamento da Internet para América Latina e Caribe) is the Regional Internet Registry for the Latin American and Caribbean regions.
The term Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is an English-language acronym referring to the Caribbean and Latin America region.
The Latin American and the Caribbean Economic System, officially known as Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe (SELA), is an organization founded in 1975 to promote economic cooperation and social development between Latin American and the Caribbean countries.
Latino is a term often used in the United States to refer to people with cultural ties to Latin America, in contrast to Hispanic which is a demonym that includes Spaniards and other speakers of the Spanish language.
Lechón in Spanish or Leitão in Portuguese is a pork dish in several regions of the world, most specifically in Bairrada, Portugal and Spain and its former colonial possessions throughout the world.
The Leeward Antilles (Dutch: Benedenwindse Eilanden) are a chain of islands in the Caribbean – specifically, the southerly islands of the Lesser Antilles (and, in turn, the Antilles and the West Indies) along the southeastern fringe of the Caribbean Sea, just north of the Venezuelan coast of the South American mainland.
The Leeward Islands are a group of islands situated where the northeastern Caribbean Sea meets the western Atlantic Ocean.
Leptodactylus fallax, commonly (and deceptively) known as the mountain chicken or giant ditch frog, is a species of frogs that is native to the Caribbean islands of Dominica and Montserrat.
The Lesser Antilles are a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea.
Lighthouse Reef is an atoll in the Caribbean Sea, the easternmost part of the Belize Barrier Reef and one of its three atolls, the other two being Turneffe Atoll and Glover's Reef.
List of archipelagos by number of islands, islets, reefs, coral reefs and cays.
Caribbean music genres are diverse.
Country calling codes or country dial in codes are telephone dialing prefixes for the member countries or regions of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
This list of the indigenous names of the Eastern Caribbean islands is a compilation of the indigenous names that were given by Amerindian people to those islands before the Europeans started naming them.
This list of Internet top-level domain (TLD) extensions contains top-level domains, which are those domains in the DNS root zone of the Domain Name System of the Internet.
This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas in the West Indies, based on official population estimates or projections as of mid-2015.
This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaksThis article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least of topographic prominence.
This a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in the Caribbean region.
The following sortable table comprises the seven ultra-prominent summits on the islands of the Caribbean Sea.
The Lomé Convention is a trade and aid agreement between the European Economic Community (EEC) and 71 African, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP) countries, first signed in February 1975 in Lomé, Togo.
The Los Hermanos Archipelago is a chain of seven rocky barren islets that is part of the Federal Dependencies of Venezuela, at.
The Los Monjes islands, a federal dependency of Venezuela, are located to the northwest of the Gulf of Venezuela, off the coast of Guajira Peninsula, at the border between Colombia and the Venezuelan state of Zulia.
Los Roques archipelago is a federal dependency of Venezuela consisting of approximately 350 islands, cays, and islets in a total area of 40.61 square kilometers.
Los Testigos Islands (Islas Los Testigos, Witnesses Islands) are a group of islands in the southeastern Caribbean Sea.
Louisiana Voodoo, also known as New Orleans Voodoo, describes a set of spiritual folkways developed from the traditions of the African diaspora.
The Lucayan Archipelago (named for the original native Lucayan people), also known as the Bahama Archipelago, is an island group comprising the Commonwealth of The Bahamas and the British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
The Lucayan people were the original inhabitants of the Bahamas before the arrival of European colonizers.
Macaroni pie is a casserole dish based on baked macaroni and cheese.
Mahahual is a village on the Costa Maya in the municipality of Othon P. Blanco on the Caribbean Sea coast of the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Mangú is a Dominican traditional side dish served for breakfast, lunch or dinner.
Margarita Island (Isla de Margarita) is the largest island in the Venezuelan state of Nueva Esparta, situated off the northeastern coast of the country, in the Caribbean Sea.
Marie-Galante is an island of the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea located south of Guadeloupe and north of Dominica.
Martinique is an insular region of France located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of and a population of 385,551 inhabitants as of January 2013.
The Martinique amazon (Amazona martinicana) is a hypothetical extinct species of Caribbean parrot in the family Psittacidae.
The ground sloths of the extinct genus Megalocnus ("Great Sloth") were among the largest of the Caribbean ground sloths, with individuals estimated to have weighed up to when alive.
Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Middle America is a region in the mid-latitudes of the Americas.
The Miskito Cays (Spanish: Cayos Miskitos) are an archipelago with an area of 27 km² located off shore in the northeastern Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, part of the North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region.
Montserrat is a Caribbean island in the Leeward Islands, which is part of the chain known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies.
Moros y Cristianos (or simply moros, moro, congri, or arroz moro) is a Cuban dish served at virtually every Cuban restaurant.
Mulatto is a term used to refer to people born of one white parent and one black parent or to people born of a mulatto parent or parents.
Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races.
Native American religions are the spiritual practices of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
The NECOBELAC Project is a network of collaboration between Europe, Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries to spread know-how in scientific writing and provide the best tools to exploit open access information for the safeguard of public health.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Netherlands Antilles (Nederlandse Antillen,; Papiamentu: Antia Hulandes) was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Nevis is a small island in the Caribbean Sea that forms part of the inner arc of the Leeward Islands chain of the West Indies.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Obeah (sometimes spelled Obi, Obeah, Obeya, or Obia) is a system of spiritual and healing practices developed among enslaved West Africans n the West Indies.
Oil down is a stew of breadfruit, salted meat or chicken, coconut milk and spices.
A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams with international status, in which each team faces a fixed number of overs, usually 50.
The Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to economic harmonisation and integration, protection of human and legal rights, and the encouragement of good governance between countries and dependencies in the Lesser Antilles in the Eastern Caribbean.
An orisha (spelled òrìṣà in the Yoruba language, and orichá or orixá in Latin America) is a spirit who reflects one of the subordinate manifestations of the supreme divinity (Olodumare, Olorun, Olofi) in Yoruba religion.
The Cuban giant owl or giant cursorial owl (Ornimegalonyx) is an extinct genus of giant owl that measured in height.
The French overseas collectivities (collectivité d'outre-mer or COM), like the French regions, are first-order administrative divisions of France.
An overseas department (département d’outre-mer or DOM) is a department of France that is outside metropolitan France.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Palo, also known as Las Reglas de Congo, is a religion with various denominations which developed in Cuba among Central African slaves and their descendants who originated in the Congo Basin.
Pan frying is a form of frying characterized by the use of minimal cooking oil or fat (compared to shallow frying or deep frying); typically using just enough oil to lubricate the pan.
Panama (Panamá), officially the Republic of Panama (República de Panamá), is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
The Panama Canal (Canal de Panamá) is an artificial waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean.
Papiamento or Papiamentu is a Portuguese-based creole language spoken in the Dutch West Indies.
Paramaribo (nickname: Par′bo) is the capital and largest city of Suriname, located on the banks of the Suriname River in the Paramaribo District.
A paratha is a flatbread that originated in the Indian subcontinent.
Pardo is a term used in the Portuguese and Spanish colonies in the Americas to refer to the triracial descendants of Europeans, Indigenous Americans, and West Africans.
Patos Island (Isla de Patos, Duck Island) is a small uninhabited island in the northwestern Gulf of Paria.
The Pearl Cays (Spanish: Cayos de Perlas) is a group of 18 cays located about 35 kilometers from Laguna de Perlas off the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua.
Pholourie, also spelled phulourie or phoulourie, is a snack food commonly eaten in Trinidad and Tobago and also known in Guyana and Suriname.
The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae.
Pilaf or pilau is a dish in which rice is cooked in a seasoned broth.
The era of piracy in the Caribbean began in the 1500s and phased out in the 1830s after the navies of the nations of Western Europe and North America with colonies in the Caribbean began combating pirates.
Placencia is a small village located in the Stann Creek District of Belize.
A plantation economy is an economy based on agricultural mass production, usually of a few commodity crops grown on large farms called plantations.
Playa del Carmen is a city located along the Caribbean Sea in the municipality of Solidaridad, in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Political geography is concerned with the study of both the spatially uneven outcomes of political processes and the ways in which political processes are themselves affected by spatial structures.
The politics of the Caribbean are diverse for such a relatively small area.
Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density.
Port-au-Prince (Pòtoprens) is the capital and most populous city of Haiti.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
Puerto Aventuras is a community located in Solidaridad Municipality, Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Puerto Morelos is a town and seaport in Quintana Roo, Mexico's easternmost state, on the Yucatán Peninsula.
The Puerto Rican amazon (Amazona vittata), also known as the Puerto Rican parrot or iguaca, is the only extant bird endemic to the archipelago of Puerto Rico belonging to the Neotropical genus Amazona.
Puerto Rican cuisine has its roots in the cooking traditions and practices of Europe (mostly Spain), Africa and the native Taínos.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
The Puerto Rico Trench is located on the boundary between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Punta Allen, (officially Javier Rojo Gómez) is the largest village in the Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve at the end of the Boca Paila Peninsula in Tulum Municipality in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo.
Punta Gorda, known locally as P.G., is the capital and largest town of Toledo District in southern Belize.
Punta Maroma is a beach located in Mexico's easternmost state, Quintana Roo, on the Yucatán Peninsula.
Historically in the context of slave societies of the Americas, a quadroon or quarteron was a person with one quarter African and three quarters European ancestry (or in the context of Australia, one quarter aboriginal ancestry).
Quimbanda is an Afro-Brazilian religion practiced primarily in the urban city centers of Brazil.
Quintana Roo, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Quintana Roo (Estado Libre y Soberano de Quintana Roo), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, make up the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between, and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests.
The Raizals are a Protestant Afro-Caribbean ethnic group or a mulatto ethnic group of mixed Afro-Caribbean and British descent, speaking the San Andrés-Providencia Creole, an English Creole, living in the Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, at the Colombian San Andrés y Providencia Department, off the Colombian Caribbean Coast.
Rastafari, sometimes termed Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s.
Redonda is an uninhabited Caribbean island which is legally part of Antigua and Barbuda, in the Leeward Islands, West Indies.
A reef is a bar of rock, sand, coral or similar material, lying beneath the surface of water.
In international relations, regionalism is the expression of a common sense of identity and purpose combined with the creation and implementation of institutions that express a particular identity and shape collective action within a geographical region.
A republic (res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers.
Rice and beans or beans and rice is type of dish made from a combination of staple foods in many cultures around the world.
Roatán is an island in the Caribbean, about off the northern coast of Honduras.
Ropa vieja (Spanish for "old clothes") is one of the national dishes of Cuba, but is also popular in other areas or parts of the Caribbean such as Puerto Rico and Panama.
The Islas del Rosario (Rosario Islands), also referred to as Corales Islas del Rosario (Coral Islands of Rosario), is an archipelago located off the coast of Colombia, approximately from Cartagena.
Roti (also known as chapati) is a flatbread native to the Indian subcontinent made from stoneground wholemeal flour, traditionally known as atta, and water that is combined into a dough.
Saba is a Caribbean island which is the smallest special municipality (officially “public body”) of the Netherlands.
Sacy is a white wine grape grown primarily in the central and northeastern France within the Yonne and Allier départments.
Saint Barthélemy, officially the Territorial collectivity of Saint-Barthélemy (Collectivité territoriale de Saint-Barthélemy), called Ouanalao by the indigenous people, is an overseas collectivity of France in the West Indies.
Saint Croix is an island in the Caribbean Sea, and a county and constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States.
Saint John (Sankt Jan) is one of the Virgin Islands in the Caribbean Sea and a constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States.
Saint Kitts, also known more formally as Saint Christopher Island, is an island in the West Indies.
Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is an island country in the West Indies.
Saint Lucia (Sainte-Lucie) is a sovereign island country in the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean.
Saint Lucian cuisine is a combination of French, East Indian and British dishes.
Saint Martin (Saint-Martin; Sint Maarten) is an island in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately east of Puerto Rico.
Saint Thomas (Santo Tomás; Sint-Thomas; Sankt Thomas) is one of the Virgin Islands in the Caribbean Sea and, together with Saint John, Water Island and Saint Croix, form a county and constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States.
Saint Vincent is a volcanic island in the Caribbean.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a sovereign state in the Lesser Antilles island arc, in the southern portion of the Windward Islands, which lies in the West Indies at the southern end of the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea where the latter meets the Atlantic Ocean.
Saint-Domingue was a French colony on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola from 1659 to 1804.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
The San Blas Islands of Panama is an archipelago comprising approximately 365 islands and cays, of which only 49 are inhabited.
San Juan (Saint John) is the capital and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.
Santería, also known as Regla de Ocha, La Regla de Ifá, or Lucumí, is an Afro-American religion of Caribbean origin that developed in the Spanish Empire among West African descendants.
Santiago de Cuba is the second-largest city of Cuba and the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province.
Santiago de los Caballeros or simply Santiago (English: Saint James of the Thirty Knights) is the second-largest city in the Dominican Republic, and the fourth-largest city in the Caribbean.
Santo Daime is a syncretic religion founded in the 1930s in the Brazilian Amazonian state of Acre by Raimundo Irineu Serra, known as Mestre Irineu.
Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.
Saona Island (Isla Saona) is a tropical island located a short distance from the mainland on the south-east tip of the Dominican Republic.
Shrubland, scrubland, scrub, brush, or bush is a plant community characterised by vegetation dominated by shrubs, often also including grasses, herbs, and geophytes.
Sian Ka'an is a biosphere reserve in the municipality of Tulum in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Sint Eustatius, also known affectionately to the locals as Statia,Tuchman, Barbara W. The First Salute: A View of the American Revolution New York: Ballantine Books, 1988.
Sint Maarten is an island country in the Caribbean.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes.
Solenodons (meaning "slotted-tooth") are venomous, nocturnal, burrowing, insectivorous mammals belonging to the family Solenodontidae.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.
The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.
Spanish Town is the capital and the largest town in the parish of St. Catherine in the historic county of Middlesex, Jamaica.
The Spanish Virgin Islands, formerly called the Passage Islands and also known as the Puerto Rican Virgin Islands, primarily consisting of the islands of Culebra and Vieques, are part of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and are located east of the main island of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean.
The Spanish West Indies or the Spanish Antilles (also known as "Las Antillas Occidentales" or simply "Las Antillas Españolas" in Spanish) was the former name of the Spanish colonies in the Caribbean.
Stenopus hispidus is a shrimp-like decapod crustacean belonging to the infraorder Stenopodidea.
The Straits of Florida, Florida Straits, or Florida Strait (Estrecho de Florida) is a strait located south-southeast of the North American mainland, generally accepted to be between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean, and between the Florida Keys (U.S.) and Cuba.
A subregion is a part of a larger region or continent and is usually based on location.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
The Swan Islands, or Islas Santanilla or Islas del Cisne, initially named Islas de las Pozas by Christopher Columbus in 1502, is a chain of three islands located in the northwestern Caribbean Sea, approximately off the coastline of Honduras, with a land area of.
Sweden established colonies in the Americas in the mid-17th century, including the colony of New Sweden (1638–1655) on the Delaware River in what is now Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, as well as two possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Taíno people are one of the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket and is considered its highest standard.
The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.
The Guianas, sometimes called by the Spanish loan-word Guayanas (Las Guayanas), are a region in north-eastern South America which includes the following three territories.
A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
Tobacco Caye is a tiny island in Belize, about east of Dangriga.
Tobago is an autonomous island within the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet.
Tortola is the largest and most populated of the British Virgin Islands, a group of islands that form part of the archipelago of the Virgin Islands.
Tourism is one of the Caribbean's major economic sectors, with 25 million visitors contributing $49 billion towards the area's gross domestic product in 2013, which represented 14% of its total GDP.
A trade block is a type of intergovernmental agreement, often part of a regional intergovernmental organization, where barriers to trade (tariffs and others) are reduced or eliminated among the participating states.
The trade winds are the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth's equator.
The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions.
Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.
Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean.
Trinidad and Tobago cuisine is indicative of the blends of African, Amerindian, British, Creole, French, Indian and Spanish influences.
Trinidad Orisha, also known as Shango, is a syncretic religion in Trinidad and Tobago and is of Caribbean origin, originally from West Africa (Yoruba religion) and influenced by Roman Catholicism.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
Tulum (Yucatec: Tulu'um) is the site of a pre-Columbian Mayan walled city serving as a major port for Coba, in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo.
The Turks and Caicos Islands (and), or TCI for short, are a British Overseas Territory consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago of the Atlantic Ocean and northern West Indies.
Turneffe Atoll is located southeast of Ambergris Caye and Caye Caulker, off the coast of Belize in Central America, from Belize City, is one of three atolls of the Belize Barrier Reef, besides Glover's Reef and Lighthouse Reef.
A Twenty20 International (T20I) is a form of cricket, played between two of the international members of the International Cricket Council (ICC), in which each team faces twenty overs.
Tyto pollens, also known as the Andros Island barn owl, Bahamian barn owl, Bahamian great owl, or Chickcharney, is an extinct, tall, burrow-nesting, flightless barn owl that lived in the old-growth pineyards (Caribbean Pine forests) of Andros Island in the Bahamas.
Umbanda is a syncretic Afro-Brazilian religion that blends African traditions with Roman Catholicism, Spiritism, and Indigenous American beliefs.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, known as ECLAC, UNECLAC or in Spanish and Portuguese CEPAL, is a United Nations regional commission to encourage economic cooperation.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
The following is an alphabetical list of subregions in the United Nations geoscheme for the Americas.
The United States Virgin Islands (USVI; also called the American Virgin Islands), officially the Virgin Islands of the United States, is a group of islands in the Caribbean that is an insular area of the United States located east of Puerto Rico.
The University of Georgia Press or UGA Press is a scholarly publishing house for the University System of Georgia.
The University of the West Indies (UWI), originally University College of the West Indies, is a public university system established to serve the higher education needs of the residents of 18 English-speaking countries and territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and Turks and Caicos Islands.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
UTC−04:00 is a time offset that subtracts 4 hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
UTC−05:00 is a time offset that subtracts five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
Virgin Gorda is the third-largest (after Tortola and Anegada) and second most populous of the British Virgin Islands (BVI).
The Virgin Islands are the western island group of the Leeward Islands, which are the northern part of the Lesser Antilles, and form the border between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Water Island, U.S. Virgin Islands (Vand ø) was acquired by the USA in 1917 from Denmark but continued to be owned by a corporation until several decades later.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
Vodun (meaning spirit in the Fon and Ewe languages, with a nasal high-tone u; also spelled Vodon, Vodoun, Vodou, Voudou, Voodoo, etc.) is practiced by the Fon people of Benin, and southern and central Togo; as well in Ghana, and Nigeria.
A West Indian is a native or inhabitant of the West Indies (the Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago).
The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
The West Indies cricket team, colloquially known as and (since June 2017) officially branded as the Windies, is a multi-national cricket team representing the Caribbean region and administered by Cricket West Indies.
The West Indies Federation, also known as the West Indies, the Federation of the West Indies or the West Indian Federation, was a short-lived political union that existed from 3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962.
White Caribbeans or European Caribbeans are people who are born in the Caribbean whose ancestors are from Europe or people who immigrated to the Caribbean from Europe and had acquired citizenship in their respective Caribbean countries.
White Latin Americans or European Latin Americans are Latin Americans who are considered white, typically due to European, or in some cases Levantine, descent.
White Trinidadians (sometimes Euro-Trinidadians and Tobagonian or local-whites) are Trinidadians of European descent.
The Windward Islands are the southern, generally larger islands of the Lesser Antilles, within the West Indies.
Winti is an Afro-Surinamese traditional religion that originated in South America and developed in the Dutch Empire; this resulted in the syncretization of the religious beliefs and practices of Akan and Fon slaves (with the gods such as Leba or Legba, Loko and Aisa or Ayizan) with Christianity.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
Wrap roti, often referred to as a roti, is popular in the Caribbean consisting of a curry stew folded tightly within a dhalpuri or paratha roti.
Xcalak is a village of 375 inhabitants in the municipality of Othón P. Blanco, Quintana Roo, on the Caribbean coast of Mexico.
Xcaret (Spanish pronunciation: "ekskareh") is a Maya civilization archaeological site located on the Caribbean coastline of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico.
Xelha (Spanish: Xelhá; sometimes pronounced "chel-ha"; Yucatec Maya: Xel-Há) is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization from pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, located on the eastern coastline of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the present-day state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.
Xpu Há is a bay, village, and resort area in Solidaridad municipality of Quintana Roo state, on the Mayan Riviera in southeastern Mexico.
The Yoruba people (name spelled also: Ioruba or Joruba;, lit. 'Yoruba lineage'; also known as Àwon omo Yorùbá, lit. 'Children of Yoruba', or simply as the Yoruba) are an ethnic group of southwestern and north-central Nigeria, as well as southern and central Benin.
The Yoruba religion comprises the traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practices of the Yoruba people.
The Yucatán Peninsula (Península de Yucatán), in southeastern Mexico, separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico, with the northern coastline on the Yucatán Channel.
Zambo and cafuzo are racial terms used in the Spanish and Portuguese empires and occasionally today to identify individuals in the Americas who are of mixed African and Amerindian ancestry (the analogous English term, sambo, is considered a slur).
Zoroastrianism, or more natively Mazdayasna, is one of the world's oldest extant religions, which is monotheistic in having a single creator god, has dualistic cosmology in its concept of good and evil, and has an eschatology which predicts the ultimate destruction of evil.
Caribbea, Caribbean integration, Caribbean island, Caribbean nation, Caribbean region, Caribbee Islands, Caribean, Carribbean, Carribean, Carribean Islands, Carribean islands, Carribeans, Carribian, Climate of the Caribbean, Countries of the Carribean, Geography of the Caribbean, Geology of the Caribbean, Insular america, The Caribbean, The West Indies, West Indes, West Indian Islands, West Indies Islands, Western Indies.