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Carina (constellation)

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Carina is a constellation in the southern sky. [1]

91 relations: Ancient Greece, Argo Navis, Argonauts, Ariki, Asterism (astronomy), Atutahi, Bayer designation, Beta Carinae, Binary star, Bow shocks in astrophysics, Bullet Cluster, Canopus, Canopus (mythology), Carina (Chinese astronomy), Carina Nebula, Centaurus, Cepheid variable, Chamaeleon, Chi Carinae, Constellation, Constellation family, Crater-class cargo ship, Crux, Delta Velorum, Double star, Edmond Halley, Ellipse, Emission nebula, Epsilon Carinae, Eta Carinae, Eta Carinids, Galaxy cluster, Globular cluster, Golden Fleece, Gravity, Homunculus Nebula, Hydrogen ion, Ian Ridpath, IC 2602, Intracluster medium, Iota Carinae, Jason, John Herschel, Kappa Velorum, Keel, L Carinae, Latin, LHS 288, List of brightest stars, Luminous blue variable, ..., Māori people, Menelaus, Milky Way, Ming dynasty, Mira variable, Musca, Native Hawaiians, Nebula, NGC 2516, NGC 2808, NGC 3114, NGC 3532, Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, Open cluster, Oxford English Dictionary, Pictor, Planetary nebula, Pleiades, Polynesians, Poop deck, Puppis, R Carinae, Red giant, Redshift, S Carinae, Sirius, Solar mass, South Pole, Star, Star formation, Supergiant, Supernova, Theta Carinae, Tuamotus, United States Navy, Upsilon Carinae, Variable star, Vela (constellation), Vermilion Bird, Volans, 20th parallel north. Expand index (41 more) »

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to 6th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (circa 600 AD).

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Argo Navis (the Ship Argo), or simply Argo, was a large constellation in the southern sky that has since been divided into three constellations.

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The Argonauts (Ἀργοναῦται Argonautai) were a band of heroes in Greek mythology, who in the years before the Trojan War, around 1300 BCE, accompanied Jason to Colchis in his quest to find the Golden Fleece.

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An ariki (New Zealand, Cook Islands), ‘ariki (Easter Island), aliki (Tokelau, Tuvalu), ali‘i (Samoa, Hawai‘i), ari'i (Society Islands, Tahiti), aiki or hakaiki (Marquesas Islands), akariki (Gambier Islands) or ‘eiki (Tonga) is or was a member of a hereditary chiefly or noble rank in Polynesia.

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In astronomy, an asterism is a pattern of stars recognized in the Earth's night sky.

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In Māori mythology, Atutahi is the name of Canopus, (Alpha Carinae).

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A Bayer designation is a stellar designation in which a specific star is identified by a Greek letter, followed by the genitive form of its parent constellation's Latin name.

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Beta Carinae (β Car, β Carinae) is the second brightest star in the constellation Carina and one of the brightest stars in the night sky, with apparent magnitude 1.68.

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A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common center of mass.

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Bow shocks form the boundary between a magnetosphere and an ambient magnetized medium.

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The Bullet Cluster (1E 0657-558) consists of two colliding clusters of galaxies.

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Canopus (α Car, α Carinae, Alpha Carinae) is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second brightest star in the night-time sky, after Sirius.

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In Greek mythology, Canopus (or Canobus) was the pilot of the ship of King Menelaus of Sparta during the Trojan War.

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The modern constellation Carina lies across one of the quadrants symbolized by the The Vermillion Bird of the South (南方朱雀, Nán Fāng Zhū Què) and The Southern Asterisms (近南極星區, Jìnnánjíxīngōu), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography.

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The Carina Nebula (also known as the Great Nebula in Carina, the Eta Carinae Nebula, NGC 3372, as well as the Grand Nebula) is a large bright nebula that has within its boundaries several related open clusters of stars, all part of the large OB association Carina OB1.

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Centaurus is a bright constellation in the southern sky.

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A Cepheid variable is a star that pulsates radially, varying in both temperature and diameter to produce brightness changes with a well-defined stable period and amplitude.

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Chamaeleon is a small constellation in the southern sky.

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Chi Carinae (χ Car, χ Carinae) is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.

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In modern astronomy, a constellation is a specific area of the celestial sphere as defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).

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Constellation familiesMajumdar, R. C., et al.

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Crater-class cargo ship is a category of freighter that was constructed for use by the United States Navy during World War II under Maritime Commission EC2-S-C1 type.

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Crux, located in the deep southern sky, is the smallest yet one of the most distinctive of the 88 modern constellations.

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Delta Velorum (δ Vel, δ Velorum) is a star system in the southern constellation Vela, near the border with Carina.

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In observational astronomy, a double star is a pair of stars that appear close to each other in the sky as seen from Earth when viewed through an optical telescope.

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Edmond (or Edmund) Halley, FRS (pronounced; 8 November 1656 – 14 January 1742) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist who is best known for computing the orbit of the eponymous Halley's Comet.

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In mathematics, an ellipse is a curve on a plane surrounding two focal points such that the sum of the distances to the two focal points is constant for every point on the curve.

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An emission nebula is a nebula formed of ionized gases that emit light of various colors.

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Epsilon Carinae (ε Car, ε Carinae) is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.

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Eta Carinae (abbreviated to η Carinae or η Car), formerly known as Eta Argus, is a stellar system containing at least two stars with a combined luminosity over five million times that of the Sun, located around 7500 light-years (2300 parsecs) distant in the direction of the constellation Carina.

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The Eta Carinids are a meteor shower lasting from January 14 to 27 each year, peaking on January 21.

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A galaxy cluster or cluster of galaxies is a structure that consists of anywhere from hundreds to thousands of galaxies bound together by gravity.

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A globular cluster is a spherical collection of stars that orbits a galactic core as a satellite.

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In Greek mythology, the Golden Fleece (χρυσόμαλλον δέρας chrysómallon déras) is the fleece of the gold-hair winged ram, which was held in Colchis.

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Gravity or gravitation is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass are brought towards (or 'gravitate' towards) one another including stars, planets, galaxies and even light and sub-atomic particles.

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The Homunculus Nebula is a bipolar emission and reflection nebula surrounding the massive star system Eta Carinae.

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Hydrogen ion is recommended by IUPAC as a general term for all ions of hydrogen and its isotopes.

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Ian William Ridpath (born 1 May 1947, Ilford, Essex) is an English science writer and broadcaster best known as a popularizer of astronomy and a biographer of constellation history.

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IC 2602, also known as the Theta Carinae Cluster or Southern Pleiades, is an open cluster in the constellation Carina.

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In astronomy, the intracluster medium (ICM) is the superheated plasma present at the center of a galaxy cluster.

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Iota Carinae (ι Car, ι Carinae) is a star in the southern circumpolar constellation (circumpolar if viewed at any location from approximately 40° S to the South Pole) of Carina.

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Jason (Ἰάσων Iásōn) was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was famous for his role as the leader of the Argonauts and their quest for the Golden Fleece.

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Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, and experimental photographer, who in some years also did valuable botanical work.

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Kappa Velorum (κ Vel, κ Velorum) is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Vela.

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In boats and ships, keel can refer to either of two parts: a structural element that sometimes resembles a fin and protrudes below a boat along the central line, or a hydrodynamic element.

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HD 84810, also known as l Carinae (l Car), is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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LHS 288 (Luyten 143-23) is a red dwarf 15.6 light years from the Sun, the closest in the constellation Carina.

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This is a list of the brightest naked eye stars to +2.50 magnitude, as determined by their maximum, total or combined apparent visual magnitudes as seen from Earth.

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Luminous blue variables (LBVs) are massive evolved stars that show unpredictable and sometimes dramatic variations in both their spectra and their brightness.

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The Māori (Eng. pron.; N.Z. Eng.) are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.

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In Greek mythology, Menelaus (Μενέλαος, Menelaos) was a king of Mycenaean (pre-Dorian) Sparta, the husband of Helen of Troy, and a central figure in the Trojan War.

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The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.

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The Ming dynasty, or the Great Ming, also called the Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Mira variables, named after the prototype star Mira, are a class of pulsating variable stars characterized by very red colours, pulsation periods longer than 100 days, and amplitudes greater than one magnitude in infrared and 2.5 magnitude at visual wavelengths.

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Musca (fly) is a small constellation in the deep southern sky.

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Native Hawaiians (Hawaiian: kānaka ʻōiwi, kānaka maoli, and Hawaiʻi maoli) are the indigenous Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants.

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A nebula (Latin for "cloud"; pl. nebulae, nebulæ, or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.

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NGC 2516 is an open star cluster in the southern sky in the constellation Carina discovered by Abbe Lacaille in 1751-1752.

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NGC 2808 is a globular cluster in the constellation Carina.

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NGC 3114 is a sparse open cluster which is projected onto the outskirts of the Carina complex.

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NGC 3532, also known as the Football Cluster,Amateur Astronomer Association of New York, and the Black Arrow Cluster, is an open cluster in the constellation Carina, lies some 1,321 light years away.

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Abbé Nicolas Louis de La Caille, sometimes spelled Lacaille, (28 December 1713 – 21 March 1762) was a French astronomer and priest.

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An open cluster, also known as galactic cluster, is a group of up to a few thousand stars that were formed from the same giant molecular cloud and have roughly the same age.

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The Oxford English Dictionary (OED), published by the Oxford University Press, is a descriptive (as opposed to prescriptive) dictionary of the English language.

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Pictor is a small faint constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere, located between the brilliant star Canopus and the Large Magellanic Cloud.

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A planetary nebula, often abbreviated as PN or plural PNe, is a kind of emission nebula consisting of an expanding glowing shell of ionized gas ejected from old red giant stars late in their lives.

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In astronomy, the Pleiades, or Seven Sisters (Messier 45 or M45), is an open star cluster containing middle-aged hot B-type stars located in the constellation of Taurus.

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The Polynesian people consists of various ethnic groups that speak Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic languages, and inhabit Polynesia.

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In naval architecture, a poop deck is a deck that forms the roof of a cabin built in the rear, or "aft", part of the superstructure of a ship.

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Puppis is a constellation in the southern sky.

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R Carinae is a star in the constellation Carina.

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A red giant is a luminous giant star of low or intermediate mass (roughly 0.3–8 solar masses) in a late phase of stellar evolution.

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In physics, redshift happens when light or other electromagnetic radiation from an object is increased in wavelength, or shifted to the red end of the spectrum.

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S Carinae (S Car) is a star in the constellation Carina.

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Sirius is the brightest star (in fact, a star system) in the Earth's night sky.

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The solar mass is a standard unit of mass in astronomy that is used to indicate the masses of other stars, as well as clusters, nebulae and galaxies.

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The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole, Celestial South Pole, or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface (also see Celestial pole).

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A star is a luminous sphere of plasma held together by its own gravity.

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Star formation is the process by which dense regions within molecular clouds in interstellar space, sometimes referred to as "stellar nurseries" or "star-forming regions", collapse to form stars.

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Supergiants are among the most massive and most luminous stars.

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A supernova is a stellar explosion that briefly outshines an entire galaxy, radiating as much energy as the Sun or any ordinary star is expected to emit over its entire life span, before fading from view over several weeks or months.

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Theta Carinae (θ Car, θ Carinae) is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.

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The Tuamotus or the Tuamotu Archipelago (Îles Tuamotu, officially Archipel des Tuamotu) are a chain of islands and atolls in French Polynesia.

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The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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Upsilon Carinae (υ Car, υ Carinae) is a double star in the southern constellation of Carina.

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A variable star is a star whose brightness as seen from Earth (its apparent magnitude) fluctuates.

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Vela is a constellation in the southern sky.

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The Vermilion bird is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations.

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Volans is a constellation in the southern sky.

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The 20th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 20 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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Carina constellation.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carina_(constellation)

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