96 relations: Ancient Greece, Argo Navis, Argonauts, Ariki, Asterism (astronomy), Atutahi, Beta Carinae, Binary star, Bow shocks in astrophysics, Bullet Cluster, Cambridge University Press, Canopus, Canopus (mythology), Carina in Chinese astronomy, Carina Nebula, Centaurus, Cepheid variable, Chamaeleon, Chi Carinae, Constellation, Constellation family, Crater-class cargo ship, Crux, D. Appleton & Company, Delta Velorum, Double star, Edmond Halley, Ellipse, Emission nebula, Epsilon Carinae, Eta Carinae, Eta Carinids, Galaxy cluster, Globular cluster, Golden Fleece, Gravity, HD 84810, Homunculus Nebula, Hydrogen ion, IC 2602, International Astronomical Union, Intracluster medium, Iota Carinae, Jason, John Herschel, Kappa Velorum, Keel, Latin, LHS 288, List of brightest stars, ..., Luminous blue variable, Māori people, Menelaus, Milky Way, Ming dynasty, Mira variable, Musca, Native Hawaiians, Nebula, NGC 2516, NGC 2808, NGC 3114, NGC 3532, Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille, Open cluster, Oxford English Dictionary, Pictor, Planetary nebula, Pleiades, Polynesians, Poop deck, Princeton University Press, Prometheus Books, Puppis, R Carinae, Red giant, Redshift, S Carinae, Sirius, Solar mass, South Pole, Star, Star formation, Stellarium (software), Supergiant star, Supernova, Theta Carinae, Tuamotus, United States Navy, Upsilon Carinae, Variable star, Vela (constellation), Vermilion Bird, Volans, Yale University Press, 20th parallel north. Expand index (46 more) » « Shrink index
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Argo Navis (the Ship Argo), or simply Argo, was a large constellation in the southern sky that has since been divided into the three constellations of Carina, Puppis and Vela.
The Argonauts (Ἀργοναῦται Argonautai) were a band of heroes in Greek mythology, who in the years before the Trojan War, around 1300 BC, accompanied Jason to Colchis in his quest to find the Golden Fleece.
An ariki (New Zealand, Cook Islands), ‘ariki (Easter Island), aliki (Tokelau, Tuvalu), ali‘i (Samoa, Hawai‘i), ari'i (Society Islands, Tahiti), aiki or hakaiki (Marquesas Islands), akariki (Gambier Islands) or ‘eiki (Tonga) is or was a member of a hereditary chiefly or noble rank in Polynesia.
In observational astronomy, an asterism is a popular known pattern or group of stars that are recognised in the night sky.
In Māori mythology, Atutahi is the name of Canopus, (Alpha Carinae).
Beta Carinae (β Carinae, abbreviated Beta Car, β Car), also named Miaplacidus, is the second brightest star in the constellation of Carina and one of the brightest stars in the night sky, with apparent magnitude 1.68.
A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common barycenter.
Bow shocks form the boundary between a magnetosphere and an ambient magnetized medium.
The Bullet Cluster (1E 0657-558) consists of two colliding clusters of galaxies.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Canopus, also designated Alpha Carinae (α Carinae, abbreviated Alpha Car, α Car), is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second-brightest star in the night-time sky, after Sirius.
In Greek mythology, Canopus or Canobus (Κάνωβος) was the pilot of the ship of King Menelaus of Sparta during the Trojan War.
The modern constellation Carina lies across one of the quadrants symbolized by the Vermillion Bird of the South (南方朱雀, Nán Fāng Zhū Què) and The Southern Asterisms (近南極星區, Jìnnánjíxīngōu), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography.
The Carina Nebula (catalogued as NGC 3372; also known as the Grand Nebula, Great Nebula in Carina, or Eta Carinae Nebula) is a large, complex area of bright and dark nebulosity in the constellation Carina, and is located in the Carina–Sagittarius Arm.
Centaurus is a bright constellation in the southern sky.
A Cepheid variable is a type of star that pulsates radially, varying in both diameter and temperature and producing changes in brightness with a well-defined stable period and amplitude.
Chamaeleon is a small constellation in the southern sky.
Chi Carinae, Latinized from χ Carinae, is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.
A constellation is a group of stars that are considered to form imaginary outlines or meaningful patterns on the celestial sphere, typically representing animals, mythological people or gods, mythological creatures, or manufactured devices.
Constellation families are collections of constellations sharing some defining characteristic, such as proximity on the celestial sphere, common historical origin, or common mythological theme.
Crater-class cargo ship is a category of freighter that was constructed for use by the United States Navy during World War II under Maritime Commission EC2-S-C1 type.
Crux is a constellation located in the southern sky in a bright portion of the Milky Way.
Delta Velorum (δ Velorum, abbreviated Del Vel, δ Vel) is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Vela, near the border with Carina, and is part of the False Cross.
In observational astronomy, a double star or visual double is a pair of stars that appear close to each other in the sky as seen from Earth when viewed through an optical telescope.
Edmond (or Edmund) Halley, FRS (–) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist.
In mathematics, an ellipse is a curve in a plane surrounding two focal points such that the sum of the distances to the two focal points is constant for every point on the curve.
An emission nebula is a nebula formed of ionized gases that emit light of various wavelengths.
Epsilon Carinae (ε Carinae, abbreviated Epsilon Car, ε Car), also named Avior, is a binary star in the southern constellation of Carina.
Eta Carinae (η Carinae, abbreviated to η Car), formerly known as Eta Argus, is a stellar system containing at least two stars with a combined luminosity greater than five million times that of the Sun, located around 7,500 light-years (2,300 parsecs) distant in the constellation Carina.
The Eta Carinids are a meteor shower lasting from January 14 to 27 each year, peaking on January 21.
A galaxy cluster, or cluster of galaxies, is a structure that consists of anywhere from hundreds to thousands of galaxies that are bound together by gravity with typical masses ranging from 1014–1015 solar masses.
A globular cluster is a spherical collection of stars that orbits a galactic core as a satellite.
In Greek mythology, the Golden Fleece (χρυσόμαλλον δέρας chrysómallon déras) is the fleece of the gold-haired winged ram, which was held in Colchis.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
HD 84810, also known as l Carinae (l Car), is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.
The Homunculus Nebula is a bipolar emission and reflection nebula surrounding the massive star system Eta Carinae, about 7,500 light-years (2,300 parsecs) from Earth.
A hydrogen ion is created when a hydrogen atom loses or gains an electron.
IC 2602, generally known as the Southern Pleiades or Theta Carinae Cluster, is an open cluster in the constellation Carina that was discovered by Abbe Lacaille in 1751 from South Africa.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU; Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is an international association of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.
In astronomy, the intracluster medium (ICM) is the superheated plasma that permeates a galaxy cluster.
Iota Carinae (ι Carinae, abbreviated Iota Car, ι Car), also named Aspidiske, is a star in the southern circumpolar constellation (circumpolar if viewed at any location from approximately 40° S to the South Pole) of Carina.
Jason (Ἰάσων Iásōn) was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was the leader of the Argonauts whose quest for the Golden Fleece featured in Greek literature.
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, and did botanical work.
Kappa Velorum (κ Velorum, abbreviated Kap Vel, κ Vel) is a binary star system in the southern constellation of Vela.
On boats and ships, the keel is either of two parts: a structural element that sometimes resembles a fin and protrudes below a boat along the central line, or a hydrodynamic element.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
LHS 288 (Luyten 143-23) is a red dwarf 15.6 light years from the Sun, the closest in the constellation Carina (near Eta Carinae).
This is a list of the brightest naked eye stars to +2.50 magnitude, as determined by their maximum, total, or combined apparent visual magnitudes as seen from Earth.
Luminous blue variables (LBVs) are massive evolved stars that show unpredictable and sometimes dramatic variations in both their spectra and brightness.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
In Greek mythology, Menelaus (Μενέλαος, Menelaos, from μένος "vigor, rage, power" and λαός "people," "wrath of the people") was a king of Mycenaean (pre-Dorian) Sparta, the husband of Helen of Troy, and the son of Atreus and Aerope.
The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Mira variables ("Mira", Latin, adj. - feminine form of adjective "wonderful"), named for the prototype star Mira, are a class of pulsating variable stars characterized by very red colours, pulsation periods longer than 100 days, and amplitudes greater than one magnitude in infrared and 2.5 magnitude at visual wavelengths.
Musca is a small constellation in the deep southern sky.
Native Hawaiians (Hawaiian: kānaka ʻōiwi, kānaka maoli, and Hawaiʻi maoli) are the aboriginal Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants.
A nebula (Latin for "cloud" or "fog"; pl. nebulae, nebulæ, or nebulas) is an interstellar cloud of dust, hydrogen, helium and other ionized gases.
NGC 2516 is an open star cluster in the southern sky in the constellation Carina discovered by Abbe Lacaille in 1751-1752.
NGC 2808 is a globular cluster in the constellation Carina.
NGC 3114 is a sparse open cluster which is projected onto the outskirts of the Carina complex.
NGC 3532, also commonly known as the Football ClusterAmateur Astronomer Association of New York, or the Wishing Well Cluster, is an open cluster some 405 parsecs from Earth in the constellation Carina.
Abbé Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille, formerly sometimes spelled de la Caille, (15 March 1713 – 21 March 1762) was a French astronomer.
An open cluster is a group of up to a few thousand stars that were formed from the same giant molecular cloud and have roughly the same age.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.
Pictor is a constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere, located between the star Canopus and the Large Magellanic Cloud.
A planetary nebula, abbreviated as PN or plural PNe, is a type of emission nebula consisting of an expanding, glowing shell of ionized gas ejected from red giant stars late in their lives.
The Pleiades (also known as the Seven Sisters and Messier 45), are an open star cluster containing middle-aged, hot B-type stars located in the constellation of Taurus.
The Polynesians are a subset of Austronesians native to the islands of Polynesia that speak the Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic subfamily of the Austronesian language family.
In naval architecture, a poop deck is a deck that forms the roof of a cabin built in the rear, or "aft", part of the superstructure of a ship.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by the philosopher Paul Kurtz (who was also the founder of the Council for Secular Humanism, Center for Inquiry, and co-founder of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry).
Puppis is a constellation in the southern sky.
R Carinae is a star in the constellation Carina.
A red giant is a luminous giant star of low or intermediate mass (roughly 0.3–8 solar masses) in a late phase of stellar evolution.
In physics, redshift happens when light or other electromagnetic radiation from an object is increased in wavelength, or shifted to the red end of the spectrum.
The Bayer designations S Carinae and s Carinae are distinct.
Sirius (a romanization of Greek Σείριος, Seirios,."glowing" or "scorching") is a star system and the brightest star in the Earth's night sky.
The solar mass is a standard unit of mass in astronomy, equal to approximately.
The South Pole, also known as the Geographic South Pole or Terrestrial South Pole, is one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects its surface.
A star is type of astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma held together by its own gravity.
Star formation is the process by which dense regions within molecular clouds in interstellar space, sometimes referred to as "stellar nurseries" or "star-forming regions", collapse and form stars.
Stellarium is an open-source free-software planetarium, licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2, available for Linux, Windows, and macOS.
Supergiants are among the most massive and most luminous stars.
A supernova (plural: supernovae or supernovas, abbreviations: SN and SNe) is a transient astronomical event that occurs during the last stellar evolutionary stages of a star's life, either a massive star or a white dwarf, whose destruction is marked by one final, titanic explosion.
θ Carinae, Latinized as Theta Carinae, is a spectroscopic binary star in the southern constellation of Carina.
The Tuamotus, also referred to in English as the Tuamotu Archipelago or the Tuamotu Islands (Îles Tuamotu, officially Archipel des Tuamotu), are a French Polynesian chain of almost 80 islands and atolls forming the largest chain of atolls in the world.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Upsilon Carinae, Latinized from υ Carinae, is a double star in the southern constellation of Carina.
A variable star is a star whose brightness as seen from Earth (its apparent magnitude) fluctuates.
Vela is a constellation in the southern sky.
The Vermilion bird is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations.
Volans is a constellation in the southern sky.
Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.
The 20th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 20 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.