98 relations: Abductor pollicis brevis muscle, Acromegaly, Acupuncture, American Academy of Neurology, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine, Amyloidosis, Arm, Atrophy, Autopsy, Biomechanics, Body mass index, Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, Cardiomyopathy, Carpal tunnel, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, Cleveland Clinic, Combined oral contraceptive pill, Corticosteroid, Diabetes mellitus, Digital pen, Durkan's test, Dvorak Simplified Keyboard, Electrodiagnostic medicine, Electromyography, Electrophysiology, EMedicine, Exercise, Flexor pollicis brevis muscle, Flexor retinaculum of the hand, Forearm, Gabapentin, Ganglion, George S. Phalen, Glycosaminoglycan, Growth hormone, Hamate bone, Human factors and ergonomics, Hypoesthesia, Hypothyroidism, Idiopathic disease, Isometric exercise, Lipoma, Low-level laser therapy, Magnet therapy, Magnetic resonance imaging, Median nerve, Medical ultrasound, Meta-analysis, Mousepad, ..., Myofascial release, Myxedema, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Neoplasm, Nerve compression syndrome, Nerve conduction study, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Obesity, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Opponens pollicis muscle, Orthopedic surgery, Orthotics, Pain, Paresthesia, Pathology, Peripheral neuropathy, Phalen maneuver, Physical therapy, Placebo, Plastic surgery, Polyneuropathy, Prediabetes, Pregnancy, QWERTY, Radiculopathy, Repetitive strain injury, Rheumatoid arthritis, Risk factor, Sensory nervous system, SH3TC2, Speech recognition, Splint (medicine), Synovial bursa, Synovial membrane, Tarsal tunnel syndrome, Thenar eminence, Tinel's sign, Trigger finger, Ulnar nerve entrapment, UpToDate, Vascular malformation, Vitamin B6, WebMD, World War II, Wrist, Wrist pain, Yoga. Expand index (48 more) » « Shrink index
The abductor pollicis brevis is a muscle in the hand that functions as an abductor of the thumb.
Acromegaly is a disorder that results from excess growth hormone (GH) after the growth plates have closed.
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine in which thin needles are inserted into the body.
The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) is a professional society representing over 34,000 neurologists and neuroscientists.
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) is an orthopedic organization.
The American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM) is a medical society for the medical subspecialty of neuromuscular and electrodiagnostic medicine based in the United States.
Amyloidosis is a group of diseases in which abnormal protein, known as amyloid fibrils, builds up in tissue.
In human anatomy, the arm is the part of the upper limb between the glenohumeral joint (shoulder joint) and the elbow joint.
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body.
An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.
Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of the mechanical aspects of biological systems, at any level from whole organisms to organs, cells and cell organelles, using the methods of mechanics.
The body mass index (BMI) or Quetelet index is a value derived from the mass (weight) and height of an individual.
The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) is an independent departmental corporation under Schedule II of the Financial Administration Act and is accountable to Parliament through the Minister of Labour.
Cardiomyopathy is a group of diseases that affect the heart muscle.
In the human body, the carpal tunnel or carpal canal is the passageway on the palmar side of the wrist that connects the forearm to the hand.
Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMT) is one of the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies, a group of varied inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system characterized by progressive loss of muscle tissue and touch sensation across various parts of the body.
The Cleveland Clinic is a multispecialty academic hospital in Cleveland, Ohio, that is owned and operated by the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, an Ohio nonprofit corporation established in 1921.
The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP), often referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as "the pill", is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women.
Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
A digital pen or smart pen, is an input device which captures the handwriting or brush strokes of a user and converts handwritten analog information created using "pen and paper" into digital data, enabling the data to be utilized in various applications.
Durkan's test is a medical procedure to diagnose a patient with carpal tunnel syndrome.
The Dvorak Simplified Keyboard is a keyboard layout patented during 1936 by Dr.
Electrodiagnosis (EDX) is a method of medical diagnosis that obtains information about diseases by passively recording the electrical activity of body parts (that is, their natural electrophysiology) or by measuring their response to external electrical stimuli (evoked potentials).
Electromyography (EMG) is an electrodiagnostic medicine technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles.
Electrophysiology (from Greek ἥλεκτρον, ēlektron, "amber"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of the electrical properties of biological cells and tissues.
eMedicine.com, Incorporated is an online clinical medical knowledge base founded in 1996 by two medical doctors, Scott Plantz and Jonathan Adler, and by Jeffrey Berezin, a computer engineer.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
The flexor pollicis brevis is a muscle in the hand that flexes the thumb.
The flexor retinaculum (transverse carpal ligament, or anterior annular ligament) is a fibrous band on the palmar side of the hand near the wrist.
The forearm is the region of the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist.
Gabapentin, sold under the brand name Neurontin among others, is a medication which is used to treat epilepsy (specifically partial seizures), neuropathic pain, hot flashes, and restless legs syndrome.
A ganglion is a nerve cell cluster or a group of nerve cell bodies located in the autonomic nervous system and sensory system.
George S. Phalen (2 December 1911, Peoria, Illinois – 14 April 1998, Dallas) was an American hand surgeon remembered for his work on carpal tunnel syndrome including his description of Phalen's maneuver.
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) or mucopolysaccharides are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of a repeating disaccharide unit.
Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone in its human form), is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.
The hamate bone or unciform bone (from Latin uncus, "hook") is a bone in the human wrist readily distinguishable by its wedge shape and a hook-like process ("hamulus") projecting from its palmar surface.
Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.
Hypoesthesia (also spelled as hypesthesia) is a common side effect of various medical conditions which manifests as a reduced sense of touch or sensation, or a partial loss of sensitivity to sensory stimuli.
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
An idiopathic disease is any disease with an unknown cause or mechanism of apparently spontaneous origin.
Isometric exercise or isometrics are a type of strength training in which the joint angle and muscle length do not change during contraction (compared to concentric or eccentric contractions, called dynamic/isotonic movements).
A lipoma is a benign tumor made of fat tissue.
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a form of alternative medicine that applies low-level (low-power) lasers or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to the surface of or in orifices of the body.
Magnet therapy, magnetic therapy, or magnotherapy is a pseudoscientific alternative medicine practice involving the use of weak static magnetic fields, a form of electromagnetic radiation, produced by permanent magnets.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
The median nerve is a nerve in humans and other animals in the upper limb.
Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.
A meta-analysis is a statistical analysis that combines the results of multiple scientific studies.
A mousepad is a surface for placing and moving a computer mouse.
Myofascial release (MFR, self-myofascial release) is an alternative medicine therapy that claims to treat skeletal muscle immobility and pain by relaxing contracted muscles, improving blood and lymphatic circulation, and stimulating the stretch reflex in muscles.
Myxedema or myxoedema is a term used synonymously with severe hypothyroidism.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is a part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Nerve compression syndrome or compression neuropathy, also known as entrapment neuropathy, is a medical condition caused by direct pressure on a nerve.
A nerve conduction study (NCS) is a medical diagnostic test commonly used to evaluate the function, especially the ability of electrical conduction, of the motor and sensory nerves of the human body.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.
The opponens pollicis is a small, triangular muscle in the hand, which functions to oppose the thumb.
Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics, also spelled orthopaedic, is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses.
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.
Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation such as tingling, tickling, pricking, numbness or burning of a person's skin with no apparent physical cause.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) is damage to or disease affecting nerves, which may impair sensation, movement, gland or organ function, or other aspects of health, depending on the type of nerve affected.
Phalen's maneuver is a diagnostic test for carpal tunnel syndrome discovered by an American orthopedist named George S. Phalen.
Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
A placebo is a substance or treatment of no intended therapeutic value.
Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body.
Polyneuropathy (poly- + neuro- + -pathy) is damage or disease affecting peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy) in roughly the same areas on both sides of the body, featuring weakness, numbness, and burning pain.
Prediabetes is the precursor stage before diabetes mellitus in which not all of the symptoms required to diagnose diabetes are present, but blood sugar is abnormally high.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
QWERTY is a keyboard design for Latin-script alphabets.
Radiculopathy, also commonly referred to as pinched nerve, refers to a set of conditions in which one or more nerves are affected and do not work properly (a neuropathy).
A repetitive strain injury (RSI, also known as work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs), is an "injury to the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that may be caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression, or sustained or awkward positions".
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints.
In epidemiology, a risk factor is a variable associated with an increased risk of disease or infection.
The sensory nervous system is a part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information.
SH3 domain and tetratricopeptide repeats-containing protein 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SH3TC2 gene.
Speech recognition is the inter-disciplinary sub-field of computational linguistics that develops methodologies and technologies that enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers.
A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of a limb or the spine.
A bursa (plural bursae or bursas) is a small fluid-filled sac lined by synovial membrane with an inner capillary layer of viscous synovial fluid (similar in consistency to that of a raw egg white).
The synovial membrane (also known as synovium or stratum synoviale) is a specialized connective tissue that lines the inner surface of capsules of synovial joints and tendon sheath.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS), also known as posterior tibial neuralgia, is a compression neuropathy and painful foot condition in which the tibial nerve is compressed as it travels through the tarsal tunnel.
The thenar eminence refers to the group of muscles on the palm of the human hand at the base of the thumb.
Tinel's sign is a way to detect irritated nerves.
Trigger fingers is a disorder characterized by catching or locking of the involved finger.
Ulnar nerve entrapment is a condition where the ulnar nerve becomes physically trapped or pinched, resulting in pain, numbness, or weakness.
UpToDate, Inc. (bip) is a company in the Wolters Kluwer Health division of Wolters Kluwer whose main product is UpToDate, a software system that is a point-of-care medical resource.
Vascular malformation is a blood vessel abnormality.
Vitamin B6 refers to a group of chemically similar compounds which can be interconverted in biological systems.
WebMD is an American corporation known primarily as an online publisher of news and information pertaining to human health and well-being.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
In human anatomy, the wrist is variously defined as 1) the carpus or carpal bones, the complex of eight bones forming the proximal skeletal segment of the hand;Behnke 2006, p. 76. "The wrist contains eight bones, roughly aligned in two rows, known as the carpal bones."Moore 2006, p. 485. "The wrist (carpus), the proximal segment of the hand, is a complex of eight carpal bones. The carpus articulates proximally with the forearm at the wrist joint and distally with the five metacarpals. The joints formed by the carpus include the wrist (radiocarpal joint), intercarpal, carpometacarpal and intermetacarpal joints. Augmenting movement at the wrist joint, the rows of carpals glide on each other " (2) the wrist joint or radiocarpal joint, the joint between the radius and the carpus and (3) the anatomical region surrounding the carpus including the distal parts of the bones of the forearm and the proximal parts of the metacarpus or five metacarpal bones and the series of joints between these bones, thus referred to as wrist joints.Behnke 2006, p. 77. "With the large number of bones composing the wrist (ulna, radius, eight carpas, and five metacarpals), it makes sense that there are many, many joints that make up the structure known as the wrist."Baratz 1999, p. 391. "The wrist joint is composed of not only the radiocarpal and distal radioulnar joints but also the intercarpal articulations." This region also includes the carpal tunnel, the anatomical snuff box, bracelet lines, the flexor retinaculum, and the extensor retinaculum. As a consequence of these various definitions, fractures to the carpal bones are referred to as carpal fractures, while fractures such as distal radius fracture are often considered fractures to the wrist.
Wrist pain or open wrist is a type of syndrome that prevents the patient using their hand due to a dolorous wrist, sometimes, the pain may even be very strong, going in crescendo when trying to apply some force.
Yoga (Sanskrit, योगः) is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India.
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