235 relations: Accretionary wedge, Alba County, Alba Iulia, Albanian language, Alpine orogeny, Alps, Argeș County, Austria, Żywiec, Žilina, Baia Mare, Balkan Mountains, Banská Bystrica, Bardejov, Beljanica, Beskids, Bicaz Gorge, Bielsko-Biała, Bistrița, Black Sea, Bor, Serbia, Brașov, Brașov County, Branisko Tunnel, Bratislava, Brown bear, Bucegi Mountains, Bucharest, Bucura Lake, Bukowina Tatrzańska, Buzău Pass, Calc-alkaline magma series, Caraiman Peak, Carpathian Flysch Belt, Carpathian Mountains, Carpathian Ruthenia, Carpi (people), Câmpulung Moldovenesc, Central and Eastern Europe, Chamois, Chernivtsi, Chornohora, Cieszyn, Ciomadul, Cluj-Napoca, Constantin Cantacuzino (stolnic), Craiova, Czech language, Czech Republic, Dacian language, ..., Danube, Dara, Dâmbovița County, Despotovac, Deva, Romania, Dimitrie Cantemir, Divisions of the Carpathians, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Drohobych, Eurasian wolf, Europe, Fatra-Tatra Area, Fault (geology), Făgăraș, Făgăraș Mountains, Flora, Flysch, Fold and thrust belt, Foothills, Galicia (Eastern Europe), Geography (Ptolemy), Gerlachovská veža, Gerlachovský štít, German language, Gervase of Tilbury, Gheorgheni, Ghimeș-Palanca Pass, Glacier, Gorj County, Goths, Grimm's law, Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks, Heves, High Tatras, Hlöðskviða, Hot spring, Hoverla, Hunedoara, Hunedoara County, Hungarian language, Hungary, Huns, Iron Gates, Ivano-Frankivsk, Jasło, Kékes, Košice, Kraków, Krosno, Leitha Mountains, Lespezi, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Lomnický štít, Ludwig Greiner, Lynx, Lysá hora, Maciej Miechowita, Martin, Slovakia, Mediaș, MediaWiki, Mesozoic, Michalovce, Miercurea Ciuc, Mineral water, Miocene, Miskolc, Moldoveanu Peak, Morava (river), Moravia, Moravian-Silesian Beskids, Moravian-Silesian Region, Morskie Oko, Mountain pass, Mountain range, Mukachevo, Nadvirna Raion, Nappe, Negoiu Peak, Neologism, North Hungarian Mountains, Nowy Sącz, Nowy Targ, Oceanic crust, Oder, Odorheiu Secuiesc, Old-growth forest, Olt River, Oradea, Orșova, Orography, Osława, Pannonian Basin, Parâng Mountains, Parângu Mare, Păpușa, Peleaga, Petrila, Petroșani, Piatra Neamț, Pieniny Klippen Belt, Poland, Polish language, Poprad, Prahova County, Prahova Valley, Prešov Region, Predeal, Predeal Pass, Prislop Pass, Proto-Indo-European language, Przemyśl, Ptolemy, Rabka-Zdrój, Rakhiv, Rakhiv Raion, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Reșița, Retezat Mountains, Roman Empire, Romania, Romanian Carpathians, Romanian language, Rysy, San (river), Sanok, Sarmatians, Scandinavian Mountains, Serbia, Serbian language, Sfântu Gheorghe, Sibiu, Sibiu County, Silesia, Slavic languages, Slovak language, Slovakia, Snina, Southern Carpathians, Spiš Castle, Subduction, Suceava, Sudetes, Synevyr, Tarnów, Tatra County, Tatra Mountains, Târgu Jiu, Târgu Mureș, Târgu Neamț, Tertiary, The Sub Carpathians, Thick-skinned deformation, Tihuța Pass, Timișoara, Tisza Plate, Tourism in Poland, Tourism in Romania, Tourism in Serbia, Tourism in Slovakia, Tourism in Ukraine, Trajan, Transylvania, Turbidite, Turda, Turnu Roșu Pass, Ukraine, Ukrainian language, Uzhhorod, Variscan orogeny, Vatra Dornei, Vânătarea lui Buteanu, Vergence (geology), Vienna, Vienna Woods, Viștea Mare, Volcanic arc, Volodymyr Kubiyovych, Vršac, Vulcan Pass, Western Carpathians, Zakarpattia Oblast, Zakopane, Zalău, Zlín, Zvolen. Expand index (185 more) » « Shrink index
An accretionary wedge or accretionary prism forms from sediments accreted onto the non-subducting tectonic plate at a convergent plate boundary.
Alba is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, its capital city being Alba-Iulia with a population of 63,536.
Alba Iulia (Karlsburg or Carlsburg, formerly Weißenburg, Gyulafehérvár, Apulum, Ottoman Turkish: Erdel Belgradı or Belgrad-ı Erdel) is a city located on the Mureş River in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 63,536.
Albanian (shqip, or gjuha shqipe) is a language of the Indo-European family, in which it occupies an independent branch.
The Alpine orogeny or Alpide orogeny is an orogenic phase in the Late Mesozoic (Eoalpine) and the current Cenozoic that has formed the mountain ranges of the Alpide belt.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Argeș is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Pitești.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Żywiec (Saybusch) is a town in south-central Poland with 32,242 inhabitants (as of November 2007).
Žilina (Sillein, or; Zsolna; Żylina, names in other languages) is a city in north-western Slovakia, around from the capital Bratislava, close to both the Czech and Polish borders.
Baia Mare (Nagybánya; Frauenbach; Бая-Маре; Rivulus Dominarum; באניע, Banya) is a municipality along the Săsar River, in northwestern Romania; it is the capital of Maramureș County.
The Balkan mountain range (Bulgarian and Стара планина, Latin Serbian Stara planina, "Old Mountain") is a mountain range in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula.
Banská Bystrica (also known by other alternative names) is a city in central Slovakia located on the Hron River in a long and wide valley encircled by the mountain chains of the Low Tatras, the Veľká Fatra, and the Kremnica Mountains.
Bardejov (Bartfeld, Bártfa, Бардеёв, Бардіїв, Bardejów) is a town in North-Eastern Slovakia.
Beljanica is a mountain in Homolje region in eastern Serbia, near the town of Žagubica.
The Beskids or Beskid Mountains (Beskidy, Czech and Beskydy, Rusyn: Бескиды (Beskidy), Бескиди (Beskydy)) is a traditional name for a series of mountain ranges in the Carpathians, stretching from the Czech Republic in the west along the border of Poland with Slovakia up to Ukraine in the east.
The Bicaz Gorge (Romanian: Cheile Bicazului, Hungarian: Békás-szoros) is a gorge in Romania, located in the north-east part of the country, in Neamţ and Harghita counties; it is part of the Cheile Bicazului-Hășmaș National Park.
Bielsko-Biała (Bílsko-Bělá; Bielitz-Biala) is a city in Southern Poland with the population of approximately 174,000 (December 2013).
Bistrița (Bistritz, archaic Nösen; Beszterce) is the capital city of Bistrița-Năsăud County, in northern Transylvania, Romania.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
Bor (Бор) is a city and the administrative center of the Bor District in eastern Serbia.
Brașov (Corona, Kronstadt, Transylvanian Saxon: Kruhnen, Brassó) is a city in Romania and the administrative centre of Brașov County.
Brașov County is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Brașov.
The Branisko Tunnel is a road tunnel in eastern Slovakia.
Bratislava (Preßburg or Pressburg, Pozsony) is the capital of Slovakia.
The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a bear that is found across much of northern Eurasia and North America.
The Bucegi Mountains (Romanian: Munții Bucegi; are located in central Romania, south of the city of Brașov. They are part of the Southern Carpathians group of the Carpathian Mountains. At, Omu is its highest point., p. 11 To the east, the Bucegi Mountains have a very steep slope towards the popular tourist destination Prahova Valley (a.o. Bușteni and Sinaia). At a higher elevation is the Bucegi Plateau, where wind and rain have turned the rocks into spectacular figures such as the Sphinx and Babele. The Bucegi is believed to be the Dacian holy mountain Kogainon, on which the God Zalmoxis resided in a cave.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Lake Bucura is a glacier cirque lake, situated in the Retezat Mountains, in Romania.
Bukowina Tatrzańska, (Tatranská Bukovina) is a village in Tatra County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland, close to the border with Slovakia.
Buzău Pass is a mountain pass that follows the Buzău River and connects Braşov with Buzău over the Buzău Mountains, in the Eastern Carpathians in Romania.
The calc-alkaline magma series is one of two main subdivisions of the subalkaline magma series, the other subalkaline magma series being the tholeiitic.
The Caraiman Peak is a mountain peak located in Romania, in the Bucegi Mountains of the Southern Carpathians.
The Carpathian Flysch Belt is an arcuate tectonic zone included in the megastructural elevation of the Carpathians on the external periphery of the mountain chain.
The Carpathian Mountains or Carpathians are a mountain range system forming an arc roughly long across Central and Eastern Europe, making them the second-longest mountain range in Europe (after the Scandinavian Mountains). They provide the habitat for the largest European populations of brown bears, wolves, chamois, and lynxes, with the highest concentration in Romania, as well as over one third of all European plant species.
Carpathian Ruthenia, Carpatho-Ukraine or Zakarpattia (Rusyn and Карпатська Русь, Karpats'ka Rus' or Закарпаття, Zakarpattja; Slovak and Podkarpatská Rus; Kárpátalja; Transcarpatia; Zakarpacie; Karpatenukraine) is a historic region in the border between Central and Eastern Europe, mostly located in western Ukraine's Zakarpattia Oblast, with smaller parts in easternmost Slovakia (largely in Prešov Region and Košice Region) and Poland's Lemkovyna.
The Carpi or Carpiani were an ancient people that resided in the eastern parts of modern Romania in the historical region of Moldavia from no later than c. AD 140 and until at least AD 318.
Câmpulung Moldovenesc (also spelled Cîmpulung Moldovenesc;; Moldvahosszúmező; Довгопілля, Dovhopillja; Kimpolung; Kimpolung Mołdawski) is a city in Suceava County, north-eastern Romania.
Central and Eastern Europe, abbreviated CEE, is a term encompassing the countries in Central Europe (the Visegrád Group), the Baltic states, and Southeastern Europe, usually meaning former communist states from the Eastern bloc (Warsaw Pact) in Europe.
The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a species of goat-antelope native to mountains in Europe, including the European Alps, the Pyrenees, the Carpathians, the Tatra Mountains, the Balkans, parts of Turkey, the Caucasus, and the Apennines.
Chernivtsi (Černivci; see also other names) is a city in western Ukraine, situated on the upper course of the River Prut.
Chornohora (literally: Black Mountain, Чорногора, Czarnohora, Feketebérc) is the highest mountain range in Western Ukraine in the Eastern Beskids and the Ukrainian Carpathians group, which in turn is part of the Outer Eastern Carpathians.
Cieszyn (Těšín, Teschen, Tessin) is a border town in southern Poland on the east bank of the Olza River, and the administrative seat of Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship.
Ciomadul is a volcano in Romania, and is known as Csomád in Hungarian.
Cluj-Napoca (Klausenburg; Kolozsvár,; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.
Constantin Cantacuzino (1639 – Constantinople, 7 June 1716)Treptow, Popa 1996, p. 60.
Czech (čeština), historically also Bohemian (lingua Bohemica in Latin), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The extinct Dacian language was spoken in the Carpathian region in antiquity.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
Dara is a name with more than one origin.
Dâmbovița (also spelt Dîmbovița) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Târgoviște.
Despotovac (Деспотовац) is a town and municipality located in the Pomoravlje District of central Serbia.
Deva (Hungarian: Déva, Hungarian pronunciation:; German: Diemrich, Schlossberg, Denburg; Latin: Sargetia; Turkish: Deve, Devevar) is a city in Romania, in the historical region of Transylvania, on the left bank of the Mureș River.
Dimitrie or Demetrius Cantemir (1673–1723), also known by other spellings, was a Moldavian soldier, statesman, and man of letters.
Divisions of the Carpathians are categorization of the Carpathian mountains system.
Drobeta-Turnu Severin (Drobeta; Szörényvár, Szörénytornya; Северин; Дробета-Турн Северин/Drobeta-Turn Severin) is a city in Mehedinți County, Oltenia, Romania, on the left bank of the Danube, below the Iron Gates.
Drohobych (Дрогóбич; Дрогобыч; Drohobycz; דראָהאָביטש) is a city of regional significance in Lviv Oblast, Ukraine.
The Eurasian wolf (Canis lupus lupus), also known as the common wolfMech, L. David (1981), The Wolf: The Ecology and Behaviour of an Endangered Species, University of Minnesota Press, p. 354, or Middle Russian forest wolf,Heptner, V. G. & Naumov, N. P. (1998), Science Publishers, Inc.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Fatra-Tatra Area (in geomorphology) or the Tatra-Fatra Belt of core mountains (in geology) is a part of the Inner Western Carpathians, a subprovince of the Western Carpathians.
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock-mass movement.
Făgăraș (Fogarasch, Fugreschmarkt, Fogaras) is a city in central Romania, located in Brașov County.
Făgăraș Mountains (Munții Făgărașului, Fogaras hegység), are the highest mountains of the Southern Carpathians, in Romania.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
Flysch is a sequence of sedimentary rock layers that progress from deep-water and turbidity flow deposits to shallow-water shales and sandstones.
A fold and thrust belt is a series of mountainous foothills adjacent to an orogenic belt, which forms due to contractional tectonics.
Foothills are geographically defined as gradual increase in elevation at the base of a mountain range, higher hill range or an upland area.
Galicia (Ukrainian and Галичина, Halyčyna; Galicja; Czech and Halič; Galizien; Galícia/Kaliz/Gácsország/Halics; Galiția/Halici; Галиция, Galicija; גאַליציע Galitsiye) is a historical and geographic region in Central Europe once a small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, that straddled the modern-day border between Poland and Ukraine.
The Geography (Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, "Geographical Guidance"), also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, is a gazetteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, compiling the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire.
Gerlachovská veža is a mountain in the Northern ridge Zadni Gerlach in the main ridge of the Slovak High Tatras.
Gerlachovský štít (translated into English as Gerlachov Peak), informally referred to as Gerlach, is the highest peak in the High Tatras, in Slovakia, and in the whole long Carpathian mountain chain.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Gervase of Tilbury (Gervasius Tilberiensis; 1150–1220) was an English canon lawyer, statesman and writer, born in West Tilbury, in Essex, England.
Gheorgheni (Gyergyószentmiklós) is a city in Harghita County, Romania.
The Ghimeș-Palanca Pass is a mountain pass in the Eastern Carpathians of Romania, situated at an altitude of 684 m and located between the Tarcău Mountains to the northeast and the Ciuc Mountains to the southwest.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Gorj is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Oltenia, with its capital city at Târgu Jiu.
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
Grimm's law (also known as the First Germanic Sound Shift or Rask's rule) is a set of statements named after Jacob Grimm and Rasmus Rask describing the inherited Proto-Indo-European (PIE) stop consonants as they developed in Proto-Germanic (the common ancestor of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family) in the 1st millennium BC.
Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks (The Saga of Hervör and Heidrek) is a legendary saga from the 13th century combining matter from several older sagas.
Heves is a small city in eastern Hungary.
The High Tatras or High Tatra Mountains (Slovak: Vysoké Tatry, Tatry Wysokie), are a mountain range along the border of northern Slovakia in the Prešov Region, and southern Poland in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.
Hlöðskviða or The Battle of the Goths and Huns is sometimes counted among the Eddic Poems.
A hot spring is a spring produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust.
Mount Hoverla (Говерла, Hoverla; Hóvár; Hovârla; Goverla, Howerla) at, is the highest mountain in Ukraine and part of the Carpathian Mountains.
Hunedoara (Eisenmarkt; Vajdahunyad) is a city in Hunedoara County, Transylvania, Romania.
Hunedoara is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with its capital city at Deva.
Hungarian is a Finno-Ugric language spoken in Hungary and several neighbouring countries. It is the official language of Hungary and one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine, central and western Romania (Transylvania and Partium), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia, and northern Slovenia due to the effects of the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in many ethnic Hungarians being displaced from their homes and communities in the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America (particularly the United States). Like Finnish and Estonian, Hungarian belongs to the Uralic language family branch, its closest relatives being Mansi and Khanty.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Huns were a nomadic people who lived in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Eastern Europe, between the 4th and 6th century AD.
The Iron Gates (Porțile de Fier, Đerdapska klisura, Железни врата, Eisernes Tor, Vaskapu) is a gorge on the river Danube.
Ivano-Frankivsk (Ivano-Frankivsk; formerly Stanyslaviv, Stanislau, or Stanisławów; see below) is a historic city located in Western Ukraine.
Jasło is a county town in south-eastern Poland with 36,641 inhabitants, as of 31 December 2012.
Kékes is Hungary's highest mountain, at above sea level.
Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and in 2013 was the European Capital of Culture (together with Marseille, France).
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
Krosno (in full The Royal Free City of Krosno, Królewskie Wolne Miasto Krosno) is a town and county in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland with 47,140 inhabitants (Metro: 115,617), as of 30 June 2014.
The Leitha Mountains or, less frequently, Leitha Hills (Leithagebirge; Lajta-hegység), are a range of hills in Austria lying on the boundary between Lower Austria and Burgenland.
Lespezi is a commune in Iași County, Romania.
Lesser Poland Voivodeship or Lesser Poland Province (in Polish, województwo małopolskie), also known as Małopolska Voivodeship or Małopolska Province, is a voivodeship (province), in southern Poland.
Lomnický štít (Lomnica Peak or Lomnický Peak Lomnici-csúcs) is one of the highest and most visited mountain peaks in the High Tatras mountains of Slovakia.
Ludwig Greiner (1796–1882) was an influential 19th-century forest and lumber industry management expert who improved the effectiveness of woodland valuation methods in the Austrian Empire and trained a whole new generation of foresters in a comprehensive approach to the management of natural resources.
A lynx (plural lynx or lynxes) is any of the four species (Canada lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, Bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx.
Lysá hora (Łysa Góra; Lysa-berg, Kahlberg, local dialect: Gigula) is the highest mountain of the Moravian-Silesian Beskids range in the Czech Republic and also of Cieszyn Silesia.
Maciej Miechowita (also known as Maciej z Miechowa, Maciej of Miechów, Maciej Karpiga, Matthias de Miechow; 1457 – 8 September 1523) was a Polish renaissance scholar, professor of Jagiellonian University, historian, chronicler, geographer, medical doctor (royal physician of king Sigismund I the Old of Poland), alchemist, astrologer and canon in Cracow.
Martin (Turčiansky Svätý Martin until 1950, Turócszentmárton, German: Turz-Sankt Martin, Latin: Sanctus Martinus / Martinopolis) is a city in northern Slovakia, situated on the Turiec river, between the Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra mountains, near the city of Žilina.
Mediaș (Mediasch; Medgyes; Transylvanian Saxon: Medwesch) is the second largest city in Sibiu County, Transylvania, Romania.
MediaWiki is a free and open-source wiki software.
The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about.
Michalovce (Nagymihály, Großmichel, Romani: Mihalya, Yiddish: Mikhaylovets or Mykhaylovyts; Михайлівці) is a town on the Laborec river in eastern Slovakia.
Miercurea Ciuc (Csíkszereda,,; Szeklerburg) is the county seat of Harghita County, Romania.
Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Miskolc (Slovak/Czech: Miškovec, German: Mischkolz, Romanian: Mișcolț, מישקאָלץ Mishkoltz) is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry.
Moldoveanu Peak (Vârful Moldoveanu), Moldovan Peak), at 2,544 metres, is the highest mountain peak in Romania., p. 11 It is located in Argeș County, in the Făgăraș Mountains of the Southern Carpathians. The most popular routes to reach Moldoveanu are over the Viștea Mare (2,527 m), by paths coming from Podragu, Sâmbăta, or by the Viștea Valley. The closest settlement on the North side is Victoria and on the south side, Câmpulung.
The Morava (March, Morva, Morawa) is a river in Central Europe, a left tributary of the Danube.
Moravia (Morava;; Morawy; Moravia) is a historical country in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.
The Moravian–Silesian Beskids (Czech:, Slovak: Moravsko-sliezske Beskydy) is a mountain range in the Czech Republic with a small part reaching to Slovakia.
The Moravian-Silesian Region (Moravskoslezský kraj; Kraj morawsko-śląski; Moravsko-sliezsky kraj), is one of the 14 administrative Regions of the Czech Republic.
Morskie Oko (literally "Sea Eye" or "Eye of the Sea"; Morské oko, "Sea Eye"; Halas-tó, "Fish Lake") is the largest and fourth-deepest lake in the Tatra Mountains.
A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
Mukachevo (Мукачево, Rusyn: Мукачево, Munkács, Mukačevo, Mukačevo; see name section) is a city located in the valley of the Latorica river in Zakarpattia Oblast (province), in Western Ukraine.
Nadvirna Raion (Надвірнянський район) is a raion (district) of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (region).
In geology, a nappe or thrust sheet is a large sheetlike body of rock that has been moved more than or above a thrust fault from its original position.
Negoiu Peak (Vârful Negoiu) is a mountain peak in the Făgăraș Mountains of the Southern Carpathians, being located in Sibiu County, Romania, with an elevation of.
A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.
The North Hungarian Mountains (sometimes also referred to as Northeast Hungarian Mountains, Northeast Mountains, North Hungarian Highlands, North Hungarian Mid-Mountains or North Hungarian Range, Északi-középhegység) is the northern, mountainous part of Hungary.
Nowy Sącz is a city in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship of southern Poland.
Nowy Targ (Novum Forum, Nový Targ, Neumarkt, ניימארקט Naymarkt) is a town in southern Poland with 34,000 inhabitants (2006).
Oceanic crust is the uppermost layer of the oceanic portion of a tectonic plate.
The Oder (Czech, Lower Sorbian and Odra, Oder, Upper Sorbian: Wódra) is a river in Central Europe.
Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely,; Odorhellen) is the second largest city in Harghita County, Transylvania, Romania.
An old-growth forest — also termed primary forest, virgin forest, primeval forest, or late seral forest— is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community.
The Olt (Romanian and Hungarian; Alt; Aluta or Alutus, Oltu, Ἄλυτος Alytos) is a river in Romania.
Oradea (Großwardein, Nagyvárad, Hungarian pronunciation:, colloquially also Várad, former Varat, גרויסווארדיין Groysvardeyn) the capital city of Bihor County and Crișana region, is one of the important centers of economic, social and cultural development in the western part of Romania, retaining these characteristics throughout history.
Orșova (Orschowa, Orsova, Оршава/Oršava, Орсово, Orszawa, Oršava, Adakale) is a port city on the Danube river in southwestern Romania's Mehedinți County.
Orography (from the Greek όρος, hill, γραφία, to write) is the study of the topographic relief of mountains, and can more broadly include hills, and any part of a region's elevated terrain.
The Osława (Czech: Oslava, Oslawa, Ukrainian: Ослава) is a river in South-Eastern Poland.
The Pannonian Basin, or Carpathian Basin, is a large basin in Central Europe.
Parâng Mountains are one of the highest mountain ridges in Romania and Southern Carpathians, with its highest peak Parângu Mare reaching 2,519 m.
Parângu Mare ("Big Parângu") is a mountain peak in Romania.
The Retezat Mountains are some of the highest massifs in Romania, being part of the Southern Carpathians.
Peleaga (Vârful Peleaga) is a mountain in Romania.
Petrila (Petrilla) is a town in the Jiu Valley, Hunedoara County, Romania.
Petroșani (German: Petroschen; Hungarian: Petrozsény) is a city in Hunedoara County, Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 34,331 (2011).
Piatra Neamț, Bistritz, Karácsonkő) is the capital city of Neamț County, in the historical region of Moldavia, eastern Romania. Because of its privileged location in the Eastern Carpathian mountains, it is considered one of the most picturesque cities in Romania. The ''Nord-Est'' Regional Development Agency is located in Piatra Neamț.
The Pieniny Klippen Belt is in geology a tectonically and orographically remarkable zone in the Western Carpathians, with a very complex geological structure.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
Poprad (is a city in northern Slovakia at the foot of the High Tatra Mountains, famous for its picturesque historic centre and as a holiday resort. It is the biggest town of the Spiš region and the tenth largest city in Slovakia, with a population of approximately 55,000. The Poprad-Tatry Airport is an international airport located just outside the city. Poprad is also the starting point of the Tatra Electric Railway (known in Slovak as Tatranská elektrická železnica), a set of special narrow-gauge trains (trams) connecting the resorts in the High Tatras with each other and with Poprad. Main line trains link Poprad to other destinations in Slovakia and beyond; in particular, there are through trains running from Poprad to Prague in the Czech Republic.
Prahova is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Muntenia, with the capital city at Ploiești.
Prahova Valley (Romanian: Valea Prahovei) is the valley where the Prahova river makes its way between the Bucegi and the Baiu Mountains, in the Carpathian Mountains, Romania.
The Prešov Region (Prešovský kraj) is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions and consists of 13 districts (okresy) and 666 municipalities, from which 23 have a town status.
Predeal (Schanzpass; Predeál) is a town in Brașov County, Romania.
Predeal Pass is a mountain pass (elevation) in the Carpathian Mountains in Romania.
Prislop Pass (Pasul Prislop) is a mountain pass in northern Romania, connecting the historical regions of Maramureş and Bukovina over the Rodna Mountains, in the Eastern Carpathians.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
Przemyśl (Premissel, Peremyshl, Перемишль less often Перемишель) is a city in south-eastern Poland with 66,756 inhabitants, as of June 2009.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Rabka-Zdrój, usually referred to as Rabka, is a spa town in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland.
Rakhiv (Рахів) is a city located in Zakarpattia Oblast (province) in western Ukraine.
Rakhiv Raion (Raionul Rahău) is a raion in Zakarpattia Oblast in western Ukraine.
Râmnicu Vâlcea (also spelled Rîmnicu Vîlcea) (population: 92,573) is the capital city of Vâlcea County, Romania (in the historical province of Oltenia).
Reșița (Ričica; Rešice; Reschitz; Resicabánya; Решица/Rešica; Reşçe) is a city in western Romania and the capital of Caraș-Severin County, in the Banat region.
The Retezat Mountains (Munţii Retezat) are one of the highest massifs in Romania, being part of the Southern Carpathians.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
This is an overview of the geological subdivisions of the Romanian Carpathian Mountains.
Romanian (obsolete spellings Rumanian, Roumanian; autonym: limba română, "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is an East Romance language spoken by approximately 24–26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.
Rysy (Polish and Slovak: Rysy,; Meeraugspitze, Tengerszem-csúcs) is a mountain in the crest of the High Tatras, lying on the border between Poland and Slovakia.
The San (San; Сян Sian; Saan) is a river in southeastern Poland and western Ukraine, a tributary of the Vistula River, with a length of 458 km (it is the 6th-longest Polish river) and a basin area of 16,877 km2 (14,426 km2 of it in Poland).
Sanok (in full the Royal Free City of Sanok - Królewskie Wolne Miasto Sanok, Cянік Sianik, Sanocum, סאניק, Sonik) is a town in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship of south-eastern Poland with 38,397 inhabitants, as of June 2016.
The Sarmatians (Sarmatae, Sauromatae; Greek: Σαρμάται, Σαυρομάται) were a large Iranian confederation that existed in classical antiquity, flourishing from about the 5th century BC to the 4th century AD.
The Scandinavian Mountains or the Scandes is a mountain range that runs through the Scandinavian Peninsula.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Serbian (српски / srpski) is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language mainly used by Serbs.
Sfântu Gheorghe (Sepsiszentgyörgy or Szentgyörgy; סנט דזשארדזש) is the capital city of Covasna County, Romania.
Sibiu (antiquated Sibiiu; Hermannstadt, Transylvanian Saxon: Härmeschtat, Nagyszeben) is a city in Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 147,245.
Sibiu County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historical region Transylvania, with the capital city Sibiu.
Silesia (Śląsk; Slezsko;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Šlazyńska; Šleska; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages) are the Indo-European languages spoken by the Slavic peoples.
Slovak is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech, Polish, and Sorbian).
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Snina is a town in Slovakia located at the confluence of the Cirocha river and the small river Pčolinka in the valley between the Beskydy foothills and the Vihorlat Mountains.
The Southern Carpathians (also known as the Transylvanian Alps; Carpații Meridionali are a group of mountain ranges located in southern Romania. They cover the part of the Carpathian Mountains located between the Prahova River in the east and the Timiș and Cerna Rivers in the west. To the south they are bounded by the Balkan mountain range.
The ruins of Spiš Castle (Spišský hrad.,; Szepesi vár; Zipser Burg) in eastern Slovakia form one of the largest castle sites in Central Europe.
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
Suceava is the largest city and the seat of Suceava County, situated in the historical region of Bukovina from Central EuropeKlaus Peter Berger,, Kluwer Law International, 2010, p. 132 and north-eastern Romania respectively.
The Sudetes (also known as the Sudeten after their German name; Czech: Krkonošsko-jesenická subprovincie, Sudetská subprovincie, subprovincie Sudety, Sudetská pohoří, Sudetské pohoří, Sudety; Polish: Sudety) are a mountain range in Central Europe.
Lake Synevyr (Ukrainian: озеро Синевир) is the largest lake in the Carpathian Mountains of Ukraine.
Tarnów (is a city in southeastern Poland with 115,341 inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 269,000 inhabitants. The city is situated in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship since 1999. From 1975 to 1998, it was the capital of the Tarnów Voivodeship. It is a major rail junction, located on the strategic east–west connection from Lviv to Kraków, and two additional lines, one of which links the city with the Slovak border. Tarnów is known for its traditional Polish architecture, which was strongly influenced by foreign cultures and foreigners that once lived in the area, most notably Jews, Germans and Austrians. The entire Old Town, featuring 16th century tenements, houses and defensive walls, has been fully preserved. Tarnów is also the warmest city of Poland, with the highest long-term mean annual temperature in the whole country.
Tatra County (powiat tatrzański) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, southern Poland, on the Slovak border.
The Tatra Mountains, Tatras or Tatra (Tatry either in Slovak or in Polish- plurale tantum), is a mountain range that forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland.
Târgu Jiu is the capital of Gorj County in the Oltenia region of Romania.
Târgu Mureș (Marosvásárhely) is the seat of Mureș County in the north-central part of Romania.
Târgu Neamț (Niamtz, Németvásár, נאמץ טרגו, Ante Castrum Nempch) is a town in Neamț County, Romania, on the Neamț River.
Tertiary is the former term for the geologic period from 65 million to 2.58 million years ago, a timespan that occurs between the superseded Secondary period and the Quaternary.
The Sub Carpathians of Curvature, Ciucaș, or Curvature Carpathians, are located between Trotus Valley and Slanicul Buzaului Valley in Romania.
Thick-skinned deformation is a geological term which refers to crustal shortening that involves basement rocks and deep-seated faults as opposed to only the upper units of cover rocks above the basement which is known as thin-skinned deformation.
Tihuţa Pass (Pasul Tihuţa, also called Pasul Bârgău; Borgói-hágó or Burgó) is a high mountain pass in the Romanian Bârgău Mountains (Eastern Carpathian Mountains) connecting Bistriţa (Transylvania) with Vatra Dornei (Bukovina, Moldavia).
Timișoara (Temeswar, also formerly Temeschburg or Temeschwar; Temesvár,; טעמשוואר; Темишвар / Temišvar; Banat Bulgarian: Timišvár; Temeşvar; Temešvár) is the capital city of Timiș County, and the main social, economic and cultural centre in western Romania.
The Tisza Plate is a tectonic block, or microplate, in present-day Europe.
Poland is a part of the global tourism market with constantly increasing number of visitors.
According to National Tourism Statistics 9.9 million domestic and foreign tourists stayed in overnight accommodations in 2015.
Tourism in Serbia is officially recognised as a primary area for economic and social growth.
Tourism in Slovakia offers natural landscapes, mountains, caves, medieval castles and towns, folk architecture, spas and ski resorts.
Ukraine used to attract more than 20 million foreign citizens every year (23 million in 2012).
Trajan (Imperator Caesar Nerva Trajanus Divi Nervae filius Augustus; 18 September 538August 117 AD) was Roman emperor from 98 to 117AD.
Transylvania is a historical region in today's central Romania.
A turbidite is the geologic deposit of a turbidity current, which is a type of sediment gravity flow responsible for distributing vast amounts of clastic sediment into the deep ocean.
Turda (Thorenburg; Torda; Potaissa) is a city and Municipality in Cluj County, Romania, situated on the Arieș River.
Turnu Roşu Pass (Pasul Turnu Roşu, Vöröstoronyi-szoros, Roter-Turm-Pass, Kızılkule Geçidi, all of these names meaning Red Tower Pass in their respective languages) is a mountain pass in the Romanian Carpathians, connecting Vâlcea county (Wallachia) and Sibiu county (Transylvania).
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Uzhhorod (Užhorod,; Ungvár) is a city located in western Ukraine, at the border with Slovakia and near the border with Hungary.
The Variscan or Hercynian orogeny is a geologic mountain-building event caused by Late Paleozoic continental collision between Euramerica (Laurussia) and Gondwana to form the supercontinent of Pangaea.
Vatra Dornei (Dorna-Watra; Dornavátra) is a city in Suceava County, north-eastern Romania.
Vânătarea lui Buteanu, at, is the eighth-highest peak in Romania and the fifth-highest peak from Făgăraș Mountains, after Moldoveanu, Negoiu, Viștea Mare and Lespezi.
The meaning of vergence in modern structural geology usage is unclear.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
The Vienna Woods (Wienerwald) are forested highlands that form the northeastern foothills of the Northern Limestone Alps in the states of Lower Austria and Vienna.
Viștea Mare is a mountain peak in the Făgăraș Mountains of the Southern Carpathians of Brașov County in Romania, with an elevation of.
A volcanic arc is a chain of volcanoes formed above a subducting plate, positioned in an arc shape as seen from above.
Volodymyr Mykhailovych Kubiyovych, also spelled Kubiiovych or Kubijovyč (Володи́мир Миха́йлович Кубійо́вич; 23 September 1900, Nowy Sącz, Austrian Galicia – 2 November 1985, Paris, France) was a Ukrainian geographer with a specialty in demography, a cartographer, an encyclopedist, politician, and statesman.
Vršac (Вршац) is a city located in the South Banat District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia.
Vulcan Pass (Pasul Vulcan) is a mountain pass in the Hunedoara county of Romania, on the Jiu valley.
The Western Carpathians are a mountain range and geomorphological province that forms the western part of the Carpathian Mountains.
The Zakarpattia Oblast (Закарпатська область, translit.; see other languages) is an administrative oblast (province) located in southwestern Ukraine, coterminous with the historical region of Carpathian Ruthenia.
Zakopane is a town in the extreme south of Poland.
Zalău (Zillenmarkt or Waltenberg, Zilah, Zile) is the seat of Sălaj County, Transylvania, Romania.
Zlín (Zlin) is a city in southeastern Moravia in the Czech Republic, the seat of the Zlín Region, on the Dřevnice River.
Zvolen (Zólyom; Altsohl) is a town in central Slovakia, situated on the confluence of Hron and Slatina rivers, close to Banská Bystrica.
Carpates, Carpathian, Carpathian Alps, Carpathian Mountain, Carpathian Mountain Range, Carpathian Mountain range, Carpathian Orogeny, Carpathian forest, Carpathian mountain, Carpathian mountains, Carpathian mountians, Carpathian region, Carpathians, Eastern Carpathian, Muntii carpati, Northern Carpathians, Oriental Carpathians, Outer Carpathians, Transylvanian Mountains.