Accessibility refers to the design of products, devices, services, or environments for people who experience disabilities.
Anne van Kesteren is an open web standards author and open source contributor.
The Arena browser (also known as the Arena WWW Browser) is an early (now discontinued) testbed Web browser and Web authoring tool for Unix.
Argo was part of a project to make the Internet accessible to scholars in the Humanities at the University of Groningen.
Gijsbert (Bert) Bos (born 1963Gijsbert Bos,, Dissertation, Groningen University, 1993) is a computer scientist known for the development of Argo, a web browser he developed as test application for his style sheet proposal.
Blueprint is a CSS framework designed to reduce development time and ensure cross-browser compatibility when working with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).
Bootstrap is a free and open-source front-end framework (library) for designing websites and web applications.
A browser engine is a core software component of every major web browser.
BrowserStack is a cloud web and mobile testing platform that enables developers to test their websites and mobile applications across on-demand browsers, operating systems and real mobile devices, without requiring users to install or maintain an internal lab of virtual machines, devices or emulators.
Cascade Framework is a free CSS framework for creating websites and web apps.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN (derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
Chris Lilley (born 1959 in the UK) was educated at Broxburn Academy in West Lothian, Scotland.
Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.
A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software is executed.
In web development, the CSS box model refers to the composition of a webpage or HTML page from blocks or boxes using CSS.
CSS flex-box layout is a CSS3 web layout model.
A CSS framework is a pre-prepared software framework that is meant to allow for easier, more standards-compliant web design using the Cascading Style Sheets language.
A CSS hack is a coding technique used to hide or show CSS markup depending on the browser, version number, or capabilities.
The CSS Working Group (Cascading Style Sheets Working Group) is a working group created by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in 1997, to tackle issues that had not been addressed with CSS level 1.
Dan Connolly (born 1967) is an American computer scientist who was closely involved with the creation of the world-wide web as a member of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
Dave Raggett is a computer specialist who has played a major role in implementing the World Wide Web since 1992.
Dave Shea is a Canadian web designer and co-author of The Zen of CSS Design: Visual Enlightenment for the Web.
In several fields, deprecation is the discouragement of use of some terminology, feature, design, or practice, typically because it has been superseded or is no longer considered efficient or safe, without completely removing it or prohibiting its use.
The Document Object Model (DOM) is a cross-platform and language-independent application programming interface that treats an HTML, XHTML, or XML document as a tree structure wherein each node is an object representing a part of the document.
The Document Style Semantics and Specification Language (DSSSL) is an international standard developed to provide a stylesheets for SGML documents.
In typography, emphasis is the strengthening of words in a text with a font in a different style from the rest of the text, to highlight them.
In computing, FOSI (Formatting Output Specification Instance) is a stylesheet language for SGML and, later, XML.
Foundation is a responsive front-end framework.
Håkon Wium Lie (born 1965 in Halden) is a Norwegian web pioneer, a standards activist, a founding member of the Pirate Party of Norway, and the former Chief Technology Officer of Opera Software.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
The attributes are special words used inside the opening tag to control the tag's behaviour.
An HTML element is an individual component of an HTML document or web page, once this has been parsed into the Document Object Model.
The HTML Working Group was an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) working group from 1994 to 1996, and a World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) working group from 1997 to 2015.
Incremental rendering refers to a feature built into most modern Web browsers.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 3 (IE3) is a graphical web browser released on August 13, 1996 by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and on January 8, 1997 for Apple Mac OS (see IE for Mac).
Microsoft Internet Explorer 4 (IE4) is a graphical web browser that Microsoft released in October 1997, primarily for Microsoft Windows, but also with versions available for the classic Mac OS, Solaris, and HP-UX - Robert McMillan writing for SunWorld (November 5, 1997) - Help and Support page on Microsoft's website (August 17, 2005) and marketed as "The Web the Way You Want It".
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5 (IE5) is a graphical web browser and one of the main participants of the first browser war.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 (IE6) is the sixth major revision of Internet Explorer, a web browser developed by Microsoft for Windows operating systems.
Internet Explorer for Mac (also referred to as Internet Explorer for Macintosh, Internet Explorer Macintosh Edition, Internet Explorer:mac or IE:mac) is an unsupported inactive proprietary web browser developed by Microsoft for the Macintosh platform.
Jeffrey Zeldman is an entrepreneur, web designer, author, podcaster and speaker on web design.
Keith Schengili-Roberts is a long-time author on Internet technologies, beginning with his work for the magazines Toronto Computes! in the early 1990s and then The Computer Paper from the mid-1990s up until 2003.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
Louis J. Montulli II (best known as Lou Montulli) is a programmer who is well known for his work in producing web browsers.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
In computer text processing, a markup language is a system for annotating a document in a way that is syntactically distinguishable from the text.
MDN Web Docs, previously Mozilla Developer Network and formerly Mozilla Developer Center, is the official Mozilla website for development documentation of web standards and Mozilla projects.
Media queries is a CSS3 module allowing content rendering to adapt to conditions such as screen resolution (e.g. smartphone screen vs. computer screen).
A media type (formerly known as MIME type) is a two-part identifier for file formats and format contents transmitted on the Internet.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft PowerPoint (or simply PowerPoint) is a presentation program, created by Robert Gaskins and Dennis Austin at a software company named Forethought, Inc.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
Molly E. Holzschlag (born January 25, 1963) is a US author, lecturer and advocate of the Open Web.
Mozilla (stylized as moz://a) is a free software community founded in 1998 by members of Netscape.
Netscape is a brand name associated with the development of the Netscape web browser.
Netscape Navigator was a proprietary web browser, and the original browser of the Netscape line, from versions 1 to 4.08, and 9.x. It was the flagship product of the Netscape Communications Corp and was the dominant web browser in terms of usage share in the 1990s, but by 2002 its use had almost disappeared.
Opera is a web browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems developed by Opera Software AS.
Page layout is the part of graphic design that deals in the arrangement of visual elements on a page.
Pierre Genevès is a French computer scientist born in 1980.
Plain Old XML (POX) is the basic XML, sometimes mixed in with other, blendable specifications like XML Namespaces, Dublin Core, XInclude and XLink.
In typography, the point is the smallest unit of measure.
In web development, a polyfill is code that implements a feature on web browsers that do not support the feature.
In computer science, particularly in human-computer interaction, presentation semantics specify how a particular piece of a formal language is represented in a distinguished manner accessible to human senses, usually human vision.
In computing, quirks mode refers to a technique used by some web browsers for the sake of maintaining backward compatibility with web pages designed for Internet Explorer 5 and earlier, instead of strictly complying with W3C and IETF standards in standards mode.
A refreshable braille display or braille terminal is an electro-mechanical device for displaying braille characters, usually by means of round-tipped pins raised through holes in a flat surface.
Robert Cailliau (born 26 January 1947) is a Belgian informatics engineer and computer scientist who created the first web browser for the Mac.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.
A screen reader is a form of assistive technology (AT) which is essential to people who are blind, as well as useful to people who are visually impaired, illiterate, or have a learning disability.
SoftQuad Software was a Canadian software company best known for HoTMetaL, the first commercial HTML editor.
A software bug is an error, flaw, failure or fault in a computer program or system that causes it to produce an incorrect or unexpected result, or to behave in unintended ways.
The Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML; ISO 8879:1986) is a standard for defining generalized markup languages for documents.
Standards-compliance is the compliance of a website or web browser with the web standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
Steven Pemberton (born 19 February 1953) is one of the developers of the ABC programming language and of the Views system.
A style sheet language, or style language, is a computer language that expresses the presentation of structured documents.
In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.
The Zen of CSS Design: Visual Enlightenment for the Web is a book by web designers Dave Shea and Molly E. Holzschlag, published in 2005.
Thomas "TR" Reardon (born 1969) is an American computational neuroscientist and the CEO and co-founder of CTRL-Labs (formerly Cognescent Corporation).
Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee (born 8 June 1955), also known as TimBL, is an English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.
In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of one or more fonts each composed of glyphs that share common design features.
In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell, or tab.
Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed.
ViolaWWW is a discontinued browser, the first to be popular for the World Wide Web (WWW).
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
A web cache (or HTTP cache) is an information technology for the temporary storage (caching) of web documents, such as HTML pages and images, to reduce server lag.
Web development is a broad term for the work involved in developing a web site for the Internet (World Wide Web) or an intranet (a private network).
A web page (also written as webpage) is a document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and web browsers.
A workaround is a bypass of a recognized problem or limitation in a system.
A working group or working party is a group of experts working together to achieve specified goals.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).
WorldWideWeb (later renamed to Nexus to avoid confusion between the software and the World Wide Web) was the first web browser and editor.
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) is part of the family of XML markup languages.
XPath (XML Path Language) is a query language for selecting nodes from an XML document.
XUL, which stands for XML User Interface Language, is a user interface markup language developed by Mozilla.
z-index is a CSS property that sets the stack order of specific elements.
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