188 relations: Administrative Appeals Tribunal, Adversarial system, Alexander J. Dallas (statesman), All England Law Reports, Appeal, Archbold Criminal Pleading, Evidence and Practice, Atlantic Reporter, Australian Guide to Legal Citation, Bluebook, Bracket, Brown v. Board of Education, Bryan A. Garner, Calcutta High Court, California, California courts of appeal, Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation, Canadian Judicial Council, Chaoulli v Quebec (AG), Chicago Tribune, Citator, Civil law (common law), Civil law (legal system), Columbia Law Review, Common law, Commonwealth of Nations, Construction law, Council of the European Union, Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada, Court of Appeal of New Zealand, Court of Appeals of the Philippines, Court of Appeals of Virginia, Cox's Criminal Cases, Criminal Appeal Reports, Criminal Appeal Reports (Sentencing), Criminal law, Criminal procedure, Dallas County, Texas, Defendant, Delaware, District Court of New Zealand, Docket (court), Donoghue v Stevenson, Employment Court of New Zealand, England, England and Wales, English language, English Reports, Environment Court of New Zealand, European Case Law Identifier, Family Court of Australia, ..., Family Court of New Zealand, Family law, Federal Administrative Court (Germany), Federal Cases, Federal Circuit Court of Australia, Federal Constitutional Court, Federal Court of Australia, Federal Court of Canada, Federal Court of Justice, Federal courts of Switzerland, Federal Fiscal Court, Federal Labour Court, Federal Reporter, Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure, Federal Social Court, Federal Supplement, Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland, Free Access to Law Movement, Geary v. Visitation of Blessed Virgin Mary School, George Caines, German legal citation, Glassroth v. Moore, Golan v. Holder, Griswold v. Connecticut, Harvard Law Review, Henry Wade, Henry Wheaton, High Court of Australia, High Court of New Zealand, Hunter v Southam Inc, Illinois, Illinois Appellate Court, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting, Inheritance, Inner House, John Paul Stevens, Judicial review, Judiciary of California, Jurisdiction, Ken Starr, Kentucky, Kolkata, Law report, Law Reports, Law review, Legal case, Legal research, Legal writing, LexisNexis, List of state intermediate appellate courts, Mabo v Queensland (No 2), Marbury v. Madison, McGill Law Journal, Melbourne Journal of International Law, Melbourne University Law Review, Miller v. California, Miranda v. Arizona, National Judicial Reference System, National Reporter System, New Jersey Superior Court, New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division, New South Wales Court of Appeal, New York (state), New York Court of Appeals, Nominate reports, Norma McCorvey, North Eastern Reporter, North Western Reporter, Oral argument in the United States, Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities, Pacific Reporter, Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co., Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial, Petitioner, Pierson v. Post, Plaintiff, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, Precedent, Private law, Product liability, Public domain, R v Big M Drug Mart Ltd, R v Dudley and Stephens, R v Oakes, R v S (RD), Reference question, Reporter of decisions, Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States, Respondent, Richard Posner, Roe v. Wade, Scotland, Scots Law Times, Solicitors Journal, South Dakota, South Eastern Reporter, South Western Reporter, Southern Reporter, Stephen Breyer, Supreme court, Supreme Court (Denmark), Supreme Court of California, Supreme Court of Canada, Supreme Court of Florida, Supreme Court of Illinois, Supreme Court of New South Wales, Supreme Court of New Zealand, Supreme Court of Norway, Supreme Court of the Philippines, Supreme Court of the United States, Supreme Court of Western Australia, Tax Court of Canada, Tax law, The Independent, The Times, Theron Metcalf, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, United States courts of appeals, United States district court, United States District Court for the District of Connecticut, United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, United States Reports, University of Canterbury, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Warren E. Burger, Web browser, West (publisher), Westlaw, Wheaton v. Peters, William Cranch, Yale Law Journal. Expand index (138 more) » « Shrink index
The Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT) is an Australian tribunal that conducts independent merits review of administrative decisions made under Commonwealth laws of the Australian Government.
The adversarial system or adversary system is a legal system used in the common law countries where two advocates represent their parties' case or position before an impartial person or group of people, usually a jury or judge, who attempt to determine the truth and pass judgment accordingly.
Alexander James Dallas (June 21, 1759 – January 16, 1817) was an American statesman who served as the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President James Madison.
The All England Law Reports (abbreviated in citations to All ER) are a long-running series of law reports covering cases from the court system in England and Wales.
In law, an appeal is the process in which cases are reviewed, where parties request a formal change to an official decision.
Archbold Criminal Pleading, Evidence and Practice (usually called simply Archbold) is the leading practitioners' text for criminal lawyers in England & Wales and several other common law jurisdictions around the world.
The Atlantic Reporter is a United States regional case law reporter.
The Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC) is published by the Melbourne University Law Review Association in collaboration with the Melbourne Journal of International Law and seeks to provide the Australian legal community with a standard for citing legal sources.
The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation, a style guide, prescribes the most widely used legal citation system in the United States.
A bracket is a tall punctuation mark typically used in matched pairs within text, to set apart or interject other text.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Bryan A. Garner (born November 17, 1958) is an American lawyer, lexicographer, and teacher who has written more than two dozen books about English usage and style, and advocacy.
The Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court in India.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The California courts of appeal are the state intermediate appellate courts in the U.S. state of California.
The Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation (a.k.a. the McGill Guide), establishes the legal citation standard in Canada.
The Canadian Judicial Council (CJC; Conseil canadien de la magistrature) is a federal body which oversees federal judges in Canada.
Chaoulli v Quebec (AG) 1 S.C.R. 791,, was a decision by the Supreme Court of Canada of which the Court ruled that the Quebec Health Insurance Act and the Hospital Insurance Act prohibiting private medical insurance in the face of long wait times violated the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
In legal research, a citator is a citation index of legal resources, one of the best-known of which in the United States is Shepard's Citations.
Civil law is a branch of the law.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
The Columbia Law Review is a law review edited and published by students at Columbia Law School.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
Construction law is a branch of law that deals with matters relating to building construction, engineering and related fields.
The Council of the European Union, referred to in the treaties and other official documents simply as the Council is the third of the seven Institutions of the European Union (EU) as listed in the Treaty on European Union.
The Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada (CMAC) (Cour d'appel de la cour martiale du Canada) hears appeals from Courts-martial of Canada ("courts martial").
The Court of Appeal of New Zealand is principal intermediate appellate court of New Zealand.
The Court of Appeals of the Philippines (Hukuman ng Apelasyon ng Pilipinas) is the second-highest judicial court in the Philippines, next to the Supreme Court.
The Court of Appeals of Virginia, established January 1, 1985, is an eleven-judge body that hears appeals from decisions of Virginia's circuit courts and the Virginia Workers' Compensation Commission.
Cox's Criminal Cases are a series of law reports of cases decided from 1843 to 26 June 1941.
The Criminal Appeal Reports are a series of law reports of decisions of the Court of Criminal Appeal, the criminal division of the Court of Appeal and the House of Lords from 15 May 1908 onwards.
The Criminal Appeal Reports (Sentencing), sometimes referred to as the Criminal Appeal (Sentencing) Reports, are a series of law reports of decisions which relate to sentencing.
Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.
Criminal procedure is the adjudication process of the criminal law.
Dallas County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas.
A defendant is a person accused of committing a crime in criminal prosecution or a person against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
The District Court of New Zealand (Māori: Te Kōti ā Rohe) is the primary court of first instance of New Zealand.
A docket in the United States is the official summary of proceedings in a court of law.
was a landmark court decision in Scots delict law and English tort law by the House of Lords.
The Employment Court of New Zealand (Māori: Te Kooti Take-a-mihi o Aotearoa) is a specialist court for employment disputes.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
The English Reports is a collection of nominate reports of judgments of the English Courts reported between 1220 and 1866.
The Environment Court of New Zealand (Te Kōti Taiao o Aotearoa) is a specialist court for plans, resource consents and environmental issues.
The European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) is an identifier for case law in Europe, implemented by the European Union Court of Justice, the European Court of Human Rights, the European Patent Office and several EU Member States.
The Family Court of Australia is a superior Australian federal court of record which deals with family law matters, such as divorce applications, parenting disputes, and the division of wealth when a couple separate.
The Family Court of New Zealand (Te Kōti ā-Whānau Aotearoa) is a court that specifically exists to assist New Zealanders with family issues.
Family law (also called matrimonial law or the law of domestic relations) is an area of the law that deals with family matters and domestic relations.
The Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht) is one of the five federal supreme courts of Germany.
Federal Cases, circuit and district courts, 1789–1880 (in case citations, abbreviated F. Cas.) was a reporter of cases decided by the United States district and circuit courts between 1789 and 1880, and is part of the National Reporter System.
The Federal Circuit Court of Australia (formerly known as the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia) is an Australian court with jurisdiction over matters broadly relating to family law and child support, administrative law, admiralty law, bankruptcy, copyright, human rights, industrial law, migration, privacy and trade practices.
The Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht; abbreviated: BVerfG) is the supreme constitutional court for the Federal Republic of Germany, established by the constitution or Basic Law of Germany.
The Federal Court of Australia is an Australian superior court of record which has jurisdiction to deal with most civil disputes governed by federal law (with the exception of family law matters), along with some summary (less serious) criminal matters.
The Federal Court of Canada, which succeeded the Exchequer Court of Canada in 1971, was a national court of Canada that had limited jurisdiction to hear certain types of disputes arising under the federal government's legislative jurisdiction.
The Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof, BGH) in Karlsruhe is the highest court in the system of ordinary jurisdiction (ordentliche Gerichtsbarkeit) in Germany.
The federal judiciary of Switzerland consists of the Federal Supreme Court, the Federal Criminal Court, the Federal Patent Court and the Federal Administrative Court.
The Federal Fiscal Court (Bundesfinanzhof) is one of five federal supreme courts of Germany, established according to Article 95 of the Basic Law.
The Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht) is the court of the last resort for cases of labour law in Germany, both for individual labour law (mostly concerning contracts of employment) and collective labour law (e.g. cases concerning strikes and collective bargaining).
The Federal Reporter is a case law reporter in the United States that is published by West Publishing and a part of the National Reporter System.
The Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure (officially abbreviated Fed. R. App. P.; colloquially FRAP) are a set of rules, promulgated by the Supreme Court of the United States on recommendation of an advisory committee, to govern procedures in cases in the United States Courts of Appeals.
The Federal Social Court (Bundessozialgericht) is the German federal court of appeals for social security cases, mainly cases concerning the public health insurance, long-term care insurance, pension insurance and occupational accident insurance schemes.
The Federal Supplement is a case law reporter published by West Publishing in the United States that includes select opinions of the United States district courts, and is part of the National Reporter System.
The Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland (Bundesgericht, Tribunal fédéral, Tribunale federale, Tribunal federal) is the supreme court of the Swiss Confederation.
The Free Access to Law Movement (FALM) is the international movement and organization devoted to providing free online access to legal information such as case law, legislation, treaties, law reform proposals and legal scholarship.
Geary v. Visitation of Blessed Virgin Mary School, 7 F.3d 324 (3d Cir. 1993), was a court case in the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit which considered whether a religious school in Darby, Pennsylvania could be sued for age discrimination.
George Caines (1771 – July 10, 1825) was the first official reporter of cases in the United States, appointed by the Court of Appeals of New York in accordance with legislation enacted by that state in April, 1804.
As in most countries, Germany has a standard way of citing its legal codes and case law; an essentially identical system of citation is also used in Austria.
Glassroth v. Moore, CV-01-T-1268-N, and its companion case Maddox and Howard v. Moore, CV-01-T-1269-N, 229 F. Supp. 2d 1290 (M.D. Ala. 2002), affirmed, 335 F.3d 1282 (11th Cir. 2003), concern then-Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy S. Moore and a stone monument of the Ten Commandments in the rotunda of the Heflin-Torbert Judicial Building in Montgomery, Alabama.
Golan v. Holder,, was a Supreme Court case that dealt with copyright and the public domain.
Griswold v. Connecticut,, is a landmark case in the United States about access to contraception.
The Harvard Law Review is a law review published by an independent student group at Harvard Law School.
Henry Menasco Wade (November 11, 1914 – March 1, 2001) was a Texas lawyer who served as District Attorney of Dallas from 1951 to 1987.
Henry Wheaton (November 27, 1785 – March 11, 1848) was a United States lawyer, jurist and diplomat.
The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia.
The High Court of New Zealand is a superior court established in 1841.
Hunter v Southam Inc 2 S.C.R. 145 is a landmark Supreme Court of Canada privacy rights case and as well is the first Supreme Court decision to consider section 8 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Illinois Appellate Court is the court of first appeal for civil and criminal cases rising in the Illinois Circuit Courts.
The Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales (ICLR) is a registered charity based in London, England, that publishes law reports of English law.
Inheritance is the practice of passing on property, titles, debts, rights, and obligations upon the death of an individual.
The Inner House is the senior part of the Court of Session, the supreme civil court in Scotland; the Outer House forms the junior part of the Court of Session.
John Paul Stevens (born April 20, 1920) is an American lawyer and jurist who served as an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1975 until his retirement in 2010.
Judicial review is a process under which executive or legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary.
The Judiciary of California is defined under the California Constitution, law, and regulations as part of the Government of California.
Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.
Kenneth Winston Starr (born July 21, 1946) is an American lawyer who has also been a United States circuit judge and U.S. solicitor general.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Law reports or reporters are series of books that contain judicial opinions from a selection of case law decided by courts.
The Law Reports is the name of a series of law reports published by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting.
A law review (or law journal) is a scholarly journal focusing on legal issues.
A legal case is a dispute between opposing parties resolved by a court, or by some equivalent legal process.
Legal research is "the process of identifying and retrieving information necessary to support legal decision-making.
Legal writing is a type of technical writing used by lawyers, judges, legislators, and others in law to express legal analysis and legal rights and duties.
LexisNexis Group is a corporation providing computer-assisted legal research as well as business research and risk management services.
41 of the 50 states have an intermediate appellate court, and nine (Delaware, Maine, Montana, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming) do not.
Mabo v Queensland (No 2) (commonly known as Mabo).
Marbury v. Madison,, was a U.S. Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review in the United States, so that American courts have the power to strike down laws, statutes, and executive actions that contravene the U.S. Constitution.
The McGill Law Journal is a scholarly legal publication affiliated with the student body of the McGill University Faculty of Law in Montreal, Quebec, published by a non-profit corporate institution independent of the faculty run exclusively by students.
The Melbourne Journal of International Law is a biannual peer-reviewed law review associated with Melbourne Law School which covers all areas of public and private international law.
The Melbourne University Law Review is a triannual law journal published by a student group at Melbourne Law School covering all areas of law.
Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973),.
Miranda v. Arizona,, was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court.
The National Judicial Reference System (NJRS) is a project of Indian Income Tax Department to streamline its tax litigation system.
West's National Reporter System (NRS) is a set of law reports for federal courts and appellate state courts in the United States.
The Superior Court is the state court in the U.S. state of New Jersey, with statewide trial and appellate jurisdiction.
The New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division is the appellate court in New Jersey.
The New South Wales Court of Appeal, part of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, is the highest court for civil matters and has appellate jurisdiction in the Australian state of New South Wales.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The New York Court of Appeals is the highest court in the U.S. state of New York.
Nominate reports, also known as nominative reports, named reports and private reports, is a legal term from common-law jurisdictions referring to the various published collections of reports of English cases in various courts from the Middle Ages to the 1860s, when law reporting was officially taken over by the Incorporated Council of Law Reporting, for example Edmund F. Moore's Reports of Cases Heard and Determined by the Judicial Committee and the Lords of His Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council on Appeal from the Supreme and Sudder Dewanny Courts in the East Indies published in London from 1837 to 1873, referred to as Moore's Indian Appeals and cited for example as: Moofti Mohummud Ubdoollah v. Baboo Mootechund 1 M.I.A. 383.
Norma Leah McCorvey Nelson; (September 22, 1947 – February 18, 2017), better known by the legal pseudonym "Jane Roe", was the plaintiff in the landmark American lawsuit Roe v. Wade in 1973.
The North Eastern Reporter and North Eastern Reporter Second are United States regional case law reporters.
The North Western Reporter and North Western Reporter, Second Series are United States regional case law reporters.
Oral arguments are spoken to a judge or appellate court by a lawyer (or parties when representing themselves) of the legal reasons why they should prevail.
The Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities (OSCOLA) is a style guide that provides the modern method of legal citation in the United Kingdom; the style itself is also referred to as OSCOLA.
The Pacific Reporter, Pacific Reporter Second, and Pacific Reporter Third are United States regional case law reporters.
Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Co., 248 N.Y. 339, 162 N.E. 99 (1928), is a leading case in American tort law on the question of liability to an unforeseeable plaintiff.
The Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial began on 3 May 2000, 11 years, 4 months and 13 days after the destruction of Pan Am Flight 103 on 21 December 1988.
A petitioner is a person who pleads with governmental institution for a legal remedy or a redress of grievances, through use of a petition.
Pierson v. Post is an early American legal case from the State of New York that later became a foundational case in the field of property law.
A plaintiff (Π in legal shorthand) is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court.
Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the constitutionality of several Pennsylvania state statutory provisions regarding abortion was challenged.
In common law legal systems, a precedent, or authority, is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case that is either binding on or persuasive for a court or other tribunal when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.
Private law is that part of a civil law legal system which is part of the jus commune that involves relationships between individuals, such as the law of contracts or torts (as it is called in the common law), and the law of obligations (as it is called in civil legal systems).
Product liability is the area of law in which manufacturers, distributors, suppliers, retailers, and others who make products available to the public are held responsible for the injuries those products cause.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
R v Big M Drug Mart Ltd is a landmark decision by Supreme Court of Canada where the Court struck down the Lord's Day Act for violating section 2 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
R v Dudley and Stephens (1884) 14 QBD 273 DC is a leading English criminal case which established a precedent throughout the common law world that necessity is not a defence to a charge of murder.
R v Oakes, 1 SCR 103 is a case decided by the Supreme Court of Canada which established the famous Oakes test, an analysis of the limitations clause (section 1) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms that allows reasonable limitations on rights and freedoms through legislation if it can be "demonstrably justified in a free and democratic society".
R v S (RD), 3 SCR 484 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision on establishing the rules for determining reasonable apprehension of bias in the court system by judges, and establishing limits to the application of social context in judging.
In Canadian law, a reference question (formally called abstract review) is a submission by the federal or a provincial government to the courts asking for an advisory opinion on a major legal issue.
The Reporter of Decisions (sometimes known by other titles, such as Official Reporter or State Reporter) is the official responsible for publishing the decisions of a court.
The Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States is the official charged with editing and publishing the opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States, both when announced and when they are published in permanent bound volumes of the United States Reports. The Reporter of Decisions is responsible for only the contents of the United States Reports issued by the Government Printing Office, first in preliminary prints and later in the final bound volumes.
A respondent is a person who is called upon to issue a response to a communication made by another.
Richard Allen Posner (born January 11, 1939) is an American jurist and economist who was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago from 1981 until 2017, and is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School.
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), is a landmark decision issued in 1973 by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of the constitutionality of laws that criminalized or restricted access to abortions.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
The Scots Law Times is a commercially published law reports service and law magazine for Scotland, publishing over 1400 pages of reports each year.
Solicitors Journal was a weekly legal journal published in the United Kingdom by Wilmington plc.
South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The South Eastern Reporter and South Eastern Reporter Second are United States regional case law reporters.
The South Western Reporter, South Western Reporter Second, and South Western Reporter Third are United States regional case law reporters.
The Southern Reporter, the Southern Reporter Second, and the Southern Reporter Third are United States regional case law reporters.
Stephen Gerald Breyer (born August 15, 1938) is an American lawyer, professor, and jurist who serves as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of courts in many legal jurisdictions.
The Supreme Court (lit. Highest Court) is the supreme court and the third and final instance in all civil and criminal cases in the Kingdom of Denmark.
The Supreme Court of California is the court of last resort in the courts of the State of California.
The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.
The Supreme Court of Florida is the highest court in the U.S. state of Florida.
The Supreme Court of Illinois is the state supreme court, the highest court of the state of Illinois.
The Supreme Court of New South Wales is the highest state court of the Australian State of New South Wales.
The Supreme Court of New Zealand (in Māori: Te Kōti Mana Nui) is the highest court and the court of last resort of New Zealand, having formally come into existence on 1 January 2004.
The Supreme Court of Norway (Norwegian Bokmål: (Norges) Høyesterett; Norwegian Nynorsk: (Noregs) Høgsterett; lit. ‘Highest Court’) was established in 1815 on the basis of section 88 in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway, which prescribes an independent judiciary.
The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas; colloquially referred to as Korte Suprema) is the highest court in the Philippines.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Supreme Court of Western Australia is the highest state court in the Australian State of Western Australia.
The Tax Court of Canada (TCC; Cour canadienne de l'impôt), established in 1983 by the Tax Court of Canada Act, is a federal superior court which deals with matters involving companies or individuals and tax issues with the Government of Canada.
Tax law is an area of legal study dealing with the constitutional, common-law, statutory, tax treaty, and regulatory rules that constitute the law applicable to taxation.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Theron Metcalf (October 16, 1784 – November 12, 1875) was an American attorney and politician from Massachusetts.
The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (in case citations, D.C. Cir.) known informally as the D.C. Circuit, is the federal appellate court for the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit (in case citations, 8th Cir.) is a United States federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (in case citations, 9th Cir.) is a U.S. Federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (in case citations, 7th Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the courts in the following districts.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (in case citations, 6th Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (in case citations, 3d Cir.) is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts for the following districts.
The United States courts of appeals or circuit courts are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States District Court for the District of Connecticut (in case citations, D. Conn.) is the Federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of Connecticut.
The United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama (in case citations, M.D. Ala.) is a federal court in the Eleventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (in case citations, S.D.N.Y.) is a federal district court.
The United States Reports are the official record (law reports) of the rulings, orders, case tables (list of every case decided, in alphabetical order both by the name of the petitioner (the losing party in lower courts) and by the name of the respondent (the prevailing party below)), and other proceedings of the Supreme Court of the United States.
The University of Canterbury (Te Whare Wānanga o Waitaha; postnominal abbreviation Cantuar. or Cant. for Cantuariensis, the Latin name for Canterbury) is New Zealand's second oldest university.
The University of Pennsylvania Law Review is a law review focusing on legal issues, published by an organization of second and third year J.D. students at the University of Pennsylvania Law School.
Warren Earl Burger (September 17, 1907 – June 25, 1995) was the 15th Chief Justice of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1986.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
West (also known by its original name, West Publishing) is a business owned by Thomson Reuters that publishes legal, business, and regulatory information in print, and on electronic services such as Westlaw.
Westlaw is an online legal research service for lawyers and legal professionals in the United States and is a product of Thomson Reuters.
Wheaton v. Peters,, was the first United States Supreme Court ruling on copyright.
William Cranch (July 17, 1769 – September 1, 1855) was an American attorney and judge.
The Yale Law Journal is a student-run law review affiliated with the Yale Law School.
Australian Legal citation, Australian legal citation, BHRC, CRNZ, Case citations, Case cite, Case number, Citation (legal cases), Court Citation, Court citation, Crim LR, Crim Law Rev, Crim. L. Rev., Crim. Law Rev., Criminal Law Review, Docket number, Ex. CR, FMCAfam, Federal citation system, IRLR, Law Times Reports, Media neutral citation, Neutral citation, Pinpoint citation, S. Ct., Style of cause, Supreme Court Reporter, Times Law Reports, Weekly Notes.