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Index Cassini–Huygens

The Cassini–Huygens mission, commonly called Cassini, was a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA), and the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to send a probe to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its rings and natural satellites. [1]

193 relations: Aérospatiale, Adrastea (moon), Aegaeon (moon), Aerosol, Albert Einstein, Antenna (radio), Anthe (moon), Asteroid, Asteroid belt, Astrobiology, Astronomical unit, Atlas (moon), Atmosphere, Booster (rocketry), Calypso (moon), Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40, Carolyn Porco, Cassini retirement, Centaur (rocket stage), Charge-coupled device, Christiaan Huygens, CNES, Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby, Cosmic dust, Cosmic ray, Daphnis (moon), Delta-v, Dione (moon), Directional antenna, Earth, Eastern Time Zone, Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetism, Electronic component, Enceladus, Energetic neutral atom, Energy harvesting, Epimetheus (moon), Equinox, Ethane, Ethylene, European Science Foundation, European Space Agency, European Space Research and Technology Centre, Europlanet, Eye (cyclone), France, Frequency, Galileo (spacecraft), ..., General relativity, Gigabit, Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Gravitational field, Gravity, Gravity assist, Great Lakes, Great Red Spot, Great White Spot, Haze, HD 189733 b, Helene (moon), Huygens (spacecraft), Hydrocarbon, Hyperion (moon), Iapetus (moon), In Saturn's Rings, Infrared, Interplanetary spaceflight, Ion, Italian Space Agency, Italy, James Oberg, Janus (moon), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Jupiter, Ka band, Karl Grossman, Kuiper belt, Lander (spacecraft), Landing, Large Strategic Science Missions, Libration, Light, List of missions to the outer planets, List of missions to Venus, Magnetometer, Magnetosphere, Magnetosphere of Saturn, Mariner Mark II, Mars, Mars Science Laboratory, Mass spectrometry, Methane, Methone (moon), Metis (moon), Micrometeorite, Micrometre, MIL-STD-1750A, Mimas (moon), Momentum, Moon, Moons of Jupiter, Moons of Saturn, NASA, National Academy of Sciences, Natural satellite, Network packet, New Horizons, Newton (unit), Orbit, Orbit insertion, Pacific Time Zone, Pallene (moon), Pan (moon), Pandora (moon), Parachute, Parameterized post-Newtonian formalism, Phobos 1, Phobos 2, Phoebe (moon), Pixel, Planet, Planetary habitability, Planetary protection, Planetary Science Decadal Survey, Plasma (physics), Pluto, Plutonium(IV) oxide, Plutonium-238, Polydeuces (moon), Prometheus (moon), R-4D, Radar, Radar altimeter, Radio occultation, Radio science subsystem, Radio wave, Radioisotope thermoelectric generator, Radiometer, Rhea (moon), Ride Report, Ring system, Rings of Jupiter, Rings of Saturn, Robotic spacecraft, Rocket engine, S band, S/2009 S 1, Safe mode (spacecraft), Sally Ride, Saturn, Science (journal), Science Daily, Shapiro time delay, Short circuit, Solar cell, Solar System, Soviet Union, Space probe, Spectrometer, Sun, Synthetic-aperture radar, Telemetry, Telesto (moon), Tethys (moon), Thales Alenia Space, The New York Times, The Planetary Society, The Space Review, Tiger stripes (Enceladus), Time of arrival, Timeline of Cassini–Huygens, Titan (moon), Titan IV, Trajectory, Transit of Venus, Tropical cyclone, Ultraviolet, Ulysses (spacecraft), United States Air Force, United States Congress, Venus, Viking program, Visible spectrum, Voyager 1, Voyager 2, Voyager program, Working group, 1,000,000, 1,000,000,000, 2685 Masursky. Expand index (143 more) »


Aérospatiale, sometimes styled Aerospatiale, was a French state-owned aerospace manufacturer that built both civilian and military aircraft, rockets and satellites.

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Adrastea (moon)

Adrastea (Αδράστεια), also known as, is the second by distance, and the smallest of the four inner moons of Jupiter.

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Aegaeon (moon)

No description.

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An aerosol is a suspension of fine solid particles or liquid droplets, in air or another gas.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

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Antenna (radio)

In radio, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver.

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Anthe (moon)

Anthe (Greek: Άνθη) is a very small natural satellite of Saturn lying between the orbits of Mimas and Enceladus.

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Asteroids are minor planets, especially those of the inner Solar System.

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Asteroid belt

The asteroid belt is the circumstellar disc in the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter.

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Astrobiology is a branch of biology concerned with the origins, early evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe.

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Astronomical unit

The astronomical unit (symbol: au, ua, or AU) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from Earth to the Sun.

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Atlas (moon)

Atlas is an inner satellite of Saturn.

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An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.

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Booster (rocketry)

A booster rocket (or engine) is either the first stage of a multistage launch vehicle, or else a shorter-burning rocket used in parallel with longer-burning sustainer rockets to augment the space vehicle's takeoff thrust and payload capability.

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Calypso (moon)

Calypso (Καλυψώ) is a moon of Saturn.

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Cape Canaveral Air Force Station

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) (known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973) is an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command's 45th Space Wing.

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Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40), previously Launch Complex 40 (LC-40) is a launch pad for rockets located at the north end of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

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Carolyn Porco

Carolyn C. Porco (born March 6, 1953) is an American planetary scientist known for her work in the exploration of the outer solar system, beginning with her imaging work on the Voyager missions to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune in the 1980s.

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Cassini retirement

Shown here is Cassini view of Jupiter and Io on January 1, 2001.---> The Cassini space probe was deliberately disposed of via a controlled fall into Saturn's atmosphere on September 15, 2017, ending its nearly two-decade-long mission.

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Centaur (rocket stage)

Centaur has been designed to be the upper stage of space launch vehicles and is used on the Atlas V. Centaur was the world's first high-energy upper stage, burning liquid hydrogen (LH2) and liquid oxygen (LOX).

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Charge-coupled device

A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.

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Christiaan Huygens

Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.

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The Centre national d'études spatiales (CNES) (English: National Centre for Space Studies) is the French government space agency (administratively, a "public administration with industrial and commercial purpose").

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Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby

The Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby (CRAF) was a cancelled plan for a NASA led exploratory mission designed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory during the mid-to-late 1980s and early 1990s, that planned to send a spacecraft to encounter an asteroid, and then to rendezvous with a comet and fly alongside it for nearly three years.

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Cosmic dust

Cosmic dust, also called extraterrestrial dust or space dust, is dust which exists in outer space, as well as all over planet Earth.

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Cosmic ray

Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.

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Daphnis (moon)

Daphnis (Δάφνις) is an inner satellite of Saturn.

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Delta-v (literally "change in velocity"), symbolised as ∆v and pronounced delta-vee, as used in spacecraft flight dynamics, is a measure of the impulse that is needed to perform a maneuver such as launch from, or landing on a planet or moon, or in-space orbital maneuver.

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Dione (moon)

Dione (Διώνη) is a moon of Saturn.

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Directional antenna

A directional antenna or beam antenna is an antenna which radiates or receives greater power in specific directions allowing increased performance and reduced interference from unwanted sources.

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Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.

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Eastern Time Zone

The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.

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Electromagnetic radiation

In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy.

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Electromagnetism is a branch of physics involving the study of the electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs between electrically charged particles.

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Electronic component

An electronic component is any basic discrete device or physical entity in an electronic system used to affect electrons or their associated fields.

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Enceladus is the sixth-largest moon of Saturn.

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Energetic neutral atom

Energetic neutral atom (ENA) imaging, often described as "seeing with atoms", is a technology used to create global images of otherwise invisible phenomena in the magnetospheres of planets and throughout the heliosphere, even to its outer boundary.

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Energy harvesting

Energy harvesting (also known as power harvesting or energy scavenging or ambient power) is the process by which energy is derived from external sources (e.g., solar power, thermal energy, wind energy, salinity gradients, and kinetic energy, also known as ambient energy), captured, and stored for small, wireless autonomous devices, like those used in wearable electronics and wireless sensor networks.

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Epimetheus (moon)

Epimetheus is an inner satellite of Saturn.

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An equinox is commonly regarded as the moment the plane (extended indefinitely in all directions) of Earth's equator passes through the center of the Sun, which occurs twice each year, around 20 March and 22-23 September.

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Ethane is an organic chemical compound with chemical formula.

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Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.

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European Science Foundation

The European Science Foundation (ESF) is an association of 8 member organizations devoted to scientific research in 7 European countries.

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European Space Agency

The European Space Agency (ESA; Agence spatiale européenne, ASE; Europäische Weltraumorganisation) is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space.

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European Space Research and Technology Centre

The European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) is the European Space Agency's main technology development and test centre for spacecraft and space technology.

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Europlanet is a network linking planetary scientists from across Europe.

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Eye (cyclone)

The eye is a region of mostly calm weather at the center of strong tropical cyclones.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time.

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Galileo (spacecraft)

Galileo was an American unmanned spacecraft that studied the planet Jupiter and its moons, as well as several other Solar System bodies.

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General relativity

General relativity (GR, also known as the general theory of relativity or GTR) is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915 and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.

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The gigabit is a multiple of the unit bit for digital information or computer storage.

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Giovanni Domenico Cassini

Giovanni Domenico Cassini (8 June 1625 – 14 September 1712) was an Italian (naturalised French) mathematician, astronomer and engineer.

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Goddard Institute for Space Studies

The Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) is a laboratory in the Earth Sciences Division of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and a unit of the Columbia University Earth Institute.

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Gravitational field

In physics, a gravitational field is a model used to explain the influence that a massive body extends into the space around itself, producing a force on another massive body.

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Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.

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Gravity assist

In orbital mechanics and aerospace engineering, a gravitational slingshot, gravity assist maneuver, or swing-by is the use of the relative movement (e.g. orbit around the Sun) and gravity of a planet or other astronomical object to alter the path and speed of a spacecraft, typically to save propellant and reduce expense.

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Great Lakes

The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.

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Great Red Spot

The Great Red Spot is a persistent high-pressure region in the atmosphere of Jupiter, producing an anticyclonic storm 22° south of the planet's equator.

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Great White Spot

Saturn's great white spot in 2011. The Great White Spot, also known as Great White Oval, on Saturn, named by analogy to Jupiter's Great Red Spot, are periodic storms that are large enough to be visible by telescope from Earth by their characteristic white appearance.

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Haze is traditionally an atmospheric phenomenon in which dust, smoke, and other dry particulates obscure the clarity of the sky.

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HD 189733 b

HD 189733 b is an extrasolar planet approximately 63 light-years away from the Solar System in the constellation of Vulpecula.

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Helene (moon)

Helene (Ἑλένη) is a moon of Saturn.

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Huygens (spacecraft)

Huygens was an atmospheric entry probe that landed successfully on Saturn's moon Titan in 2005.

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In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.

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Hyperion (moon)

Hyperion (Greek: Ὑπερίων), also known as Saturn VII (7), is a moon of Saturn discovered by William Cranch Bond, George Phillips Bond and William Lassell in 1848.

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Iapetus (moon)

Iapetus (Ιαπετός), or occasionally Japetus, is the third-largest natural satellite of Saturn, eleventh-largest in the Solar System, and the largest body in the Solar System known not to be in hydrostatic equilibrium.

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In Saturn's Rings

In Saturn's Rings is a large format movie about Saturn made exclusively from real photographs taken by spacecraft.

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Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.

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Interplanetary spaceflight

Interplanetary spaceflight or interplanetary travel is travel between planets, usually within a single planetary system.

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An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

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Italian Space Agency

The Italian Space Agency (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana; ASI) is a government agency established in 1988 to fund, regulate and coordinate space exploration activities in Italy.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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James Oberg

James Edward Oberg (born November 7, 1944), often known as Jim Oberg, is an American space journalist and historian, regarded as an expert on the Russian and Chinese space programs.

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Janus (moon)

Janus is an inner satellite of Saturn.

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Jet Propulsion Laboratory

The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.

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Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.

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Ka band

The Ka band (pronounced as either "kay-ay band" or "ka band") is a portion of the microwave part of the electromagnetic spectrum defined as frequencies in the range 26.5–40 gigahertz (GHz), i.e. wavelengths from slightly over one centimeter down to 7.5 millimeters.

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Karl Grossman

Karl Grossman is a full professor of journalism at the State University of New York College at Old Westbury.

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Kuiper belt

The Kuiper belt, occasionally called the Edgeworth–Kuiper belt, is a circumstellar disc in the outer Solar System, extending from the orbit of Neptune (at 30 AU) to approximately 50 AU from the Sun.

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Lander (spacecraft)

A lander is a spacecraft which descends toward and comes to rest on the surface of an astronomical body.

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Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal, aircraft, or spacecraft returns to the ground.

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Large Strategic Science Missions

NASA's Large Strategic Science Missions, formerly known as Flagship missions or Flagship-class missions, are the costliest and most capable NASA science spacecraft.

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In astronomy, libration is a perceived oscillating motion of orbiting bodies relative to each other, notably including the motion of the Moon relative to Earth, or of trojan asteroids relative to planets.

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Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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List of missions to the outer planets

A total of nine spacecraft have been launched on missions that involve visits to the outer planets; all nine missions involve encounters with Jupiter, with four spacecraft also visiting Saturn.

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List of missions to Venus

This is a list of space missions to the planet Venus.

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A magnetometer is an instrument that measures magnetism—either the magnetization of a magnetic material like a ferromagnet, or the direction, strength, or relative change of a magnetic field at a particular location.

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A magnetosphere is the region of space surrounding an astronomical object in which charged particles are manipulated or affected by that object's magnetic field.

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Magnetosphere of Saturn

The magnetosphere of Saturn is the cavity created in the flow of the solar wind by the planet's internally generated magnetic field.

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Mariner Mark II

Mariner Mark II was NASA's planned family of unmanned spacecraft for the exploration of the outer Solar System that were to be developed and operated by JPL between 1990 through the year 2010.

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Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

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Mars Science Laboratory

Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) is a robotic space probe mission to Mars launched by NASA on November 26, 2011, which successfully landed Curiosity, a Mars rover, in Gale Crater on August 6, 2012.

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Mass spectrometry

Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.

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Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).

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Methone (moon)

Methone is a very small natural satellite of Saturn orbiting between the orbits of Mimas and Enceladus.

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Metis (moon)

Metis (Μήτις), also known as, is the innermost moon of Jupiter.

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A micrometeorite is essentially a micrometeoroid that has survived entry through Earth's atmosphere.

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The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: μm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling (SI standard prefix "micro-".

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MIL-STD-1750A or 1750A is the formal definition of a 16-bit computer instruction set architecture (ISA), including both required and optional components, as described by the military standard document MIL-STD-1750A (1980).

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Mimas (moon)

Mimas, also designated Saturn I, is a moon of Saturn which was discovered in 1789 by William Herschel.

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In Newtonian mechanics, linear momentum, translational momentum, or simply momentum (pl. momenta) is the product of the mass and velocity of an object.

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The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.

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Moons of Jupiter

There are 69 known moons of Jupiter.

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Moons of Saturn

The moons of Saturn are numerous and diverse, ranging from tiny moonlets less than 1 kilometer across to the enormous Titan, which is larger than the planet Mercury.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Academy of Sciences

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.

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Natural satellite

A natural satellite or moon is, in the most common usage, an astronomical body that orbits a planet or minor planet (or sometimes another small Solar System body).

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Network packet

A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.

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New Horizons

New Horizons is an interplanetary space probe that was launched as a part of NASA's New Frontiers program.

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Newton (unit)

The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.

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In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.

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Orbit insertion

Orbit insertion is the spaceflight operation of adjusting a spacecraft’s momentum, in particular to allow for entry into a stable orbit around a planet, moon, or other celestial body.

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Pacific Time Zone

The Pacific Time Zone (PT) is a time zone encompassing parts of western Canada, the western United States, and western Mexico.

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Pallene (moon)

Pallene (Παλλήνη) is a very small natural satellite of Saturn.

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Pan (moon)

Pan (Πάν) is the innermost moon of Saturn.

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Pandora (moon)

Pandora (Πανδώρα) is an inner satellite of Saturn.

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A parachute is a device used to slow the motion of an object through an atmosphere by creating drag (or in the case of ram-air parachutes, aerodynamic lift).

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Parameterized post-Newtonian formalism

Post-Newtonian formalism is a calculational tool that expresses Einstein's (nonlinear) equations of gravity in terms of the lowest-order deviations from Newton's law of universal gravitation.

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Phobos 1

Phobos 1 was an unmanned Russian space probe of the Phobos Program launched from the Baikonour launch facility on 7 July 1988.

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Phobos 2

Phobos 2 was the last space probe designed by the Soviet Union.

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Phoebe (moon)

Phoebe (Greek: Φοίβη Phoíbē) is an irregular satellite of Saturn with a mean diameter of 213 km.

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In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.

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A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.

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Planetary habitability

Planetary habitability is the measure of a planet's or a natural satellite's potential to have habitable environments hospitable to life, or its ability to generate life endogenously.

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Planetary protection

Planetary protection is a guiding principle in the design of an interplanetary mission, aiming to prevent biological contamination of both the target celestial body and the Earth in the case of sample-return missions.

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Planetary Science Decadal Survey

The Planetary Science Decadal Survey is a publication of the United States National Research Council produced for NASA and other United States Government Agencies such as the National Science Foundation.

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Plasma (physics)

Plasma (Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek English Lexicon, on Perseus) is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.

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Pluto (minor planet designation: 134340 Pluto) is a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, a ring of bodies beyond Neptune.

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Plutonium(IV) oxide

Plutonium(IV) oxide is the chemical compound with the formula PuO2.

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Plutonium-238 (also known as Pu-238 or 238Pu) is a radioactive isotope of plutonium that has a half-life of 87.7 years.

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Polydeuces (moon)

Polydeuces, or Saturn XXXIV (34), is a small natural satellite of Saturn that is co-orbital with the moon Dione and librates around its trailing Lagrangian point.

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Prometheus (moon)

Prometheus is an inner satellite of Saturn.

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The R-4D is a small hypergolic rocket engine, originally designed by Marquardt Corporation for use as a reaction control thruster on vehicles of the Apollo moon program.

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Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.

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Radar altimeter

A radar altimeter, electronic altimeter, reflection altimeter, radio altimeter (RADALT), low range radio altimeter (LRRA) or simply RA, used on aircraft, measures altitude above the terrain presently beneath an aircraft or spacecraft by timing how long it takes a beam of radio waves to reflect from the ground and return to the plane.

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Radio occultation

Radio occultation (RO) is a remote sensing technique used for measuring the physical properties of a planetary atmosphere or ring system.

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Radio science subsystem

A radio science subsystem (RSS) is a subsystem placed on board a spacecraft for radio science purposes.

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Radio wave

Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light.

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Radioisotope thermoelectric generator

A Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG, RITEG) is an electrical generator that uses an array of thermocouples to convert the heat released by the decay of a suitable radioactive material into electricity by the Seebeck effect.

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A radiometer or roentgenometer is a device for measuring the radiant flux (power) of electromagnetic radiation.

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Rhea (moon)

Rhea (Ῥέᾱ) is the second-largest moon of Saturn and the ninth-largest moon in the Solar System.

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Ride Report

The Ride Report is the informal name of the report titled NASA Leadership and America's Future in Space: A Report to the Administrator.

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Ring system

A ring system is a disc or ring orbiting an astronomical object that is composed of solid material such as dust and moonlets, and is a common component of satellite systems around giant planets.

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Rings of Jupiter

The planet Jupiter has a system of rings known as the rings of Jupiter or the Jovian ring system.

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Rings of Saturn

The rings of Saturn are the most extensive ring system of any planet in the Solar System.

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Robotic spacecraft

A robotic spacecraft is an uncrewed spacecraft, usually under telerobotic control.

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Rocket engine

A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.

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S band

The S band is a designation by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for a part of the microwave band of the electromagnetic spectrum covering frequencies from 2 to 4 gigahertz (GHz).

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S/2009 S 1

S/2009 S 1 is a 'propeller moonlet' of Saturn orbiting at a distance of approximately, in the outer part of Saturn's B Ring, and with an approximate diameter of.

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Safe mode (spacecraft)

Safe mode is an operating mode of a modern spacecraft during which all non-essential systems are shut down and only essential functions such as thermal management, radio reception and attitude control are active.

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Sally Ride

Sally Kristen Ride (May 26, 1951 – July 23, 2012) was an American engineer, physicist and astronaut.

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Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.

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Science (journal)

Science, also widely referred to as Science Magazine, is the peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and one of the world's top academic journals.

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Science Daily

Science Daily is an American website that aggregates press releases and publishes lightly edited press releases (a practice called churnalism) about science, similar to Phys.org and EurekAlert!.

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Shapiro time delay

The Shapiro time delay effect, or gravitational time delay effect, is one of the four classic solar-system tests of general relativity.

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Short circuit

A short circuit (sometimes abbreviated to short or s/c) is an electrical circuit that allows a current to travel along an unintended path with no or a very low electrical impedance.

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Solar cell

A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.

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Solar System

The Solar SystemCapitalization of the name varies.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Space probe

A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.

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A spectrometer is a scientific instrument used to separate and measure spectral components of a physical phenomenon.

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The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.

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Synthetic-aperture radar

Synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) is a form of radar that is used to create two- or three-dimensional images of objects, such as landscapes.

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Telemetry is an automated communications process by which measurements and other data are collected at remote or inaccessible points and transmitted to receiving equipment for monitoring.

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Telesto (moon)

Telesto (Τελεστώ) is a moon of Saturn.

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Tethys (moon)

Tethys (or Saturn III) is a mid-sized moon of Saturn about across.

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Thales Alenia Space

Thales Alenia Space is a Franco-Italian aerospace manufacturer formed after the Thales Group bought the participation of Alcatel in the two joint-ventures between Alcatel and Leonardo, Alcatel Alenia Space and Telespazio.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Planetary Society

The Planetary Society is an American internationally active, non-governmental, nonprofit foundation.

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The Space Review

The Space Review is a free online publication, published weekly with in-depth articles, essays, commentary and reviews on space exploration and development.

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Tiger stripes (Enceladus)

The tiger stripes of Enceladus consist of four sub-parallel, linear depressions in the south polar region of the Saturnian moon.

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Time of arrival

Time of arrival (TOA or ToA), sometimes called time of flight (ToF), is the travel time of a radio signal from a single transmitter to a remote single receiver.

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Timeline of Cassini–Huygens

This article provides a Timeline of the Cassini–Huygens (commonly called Cassini) mission.

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Titan (moon)

Titan is the largest moon of Saturn.

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Titan IV

The Titan IV family (including the IVA and IVB) of rockets were used by the U.S. Air Force.

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A trajectory or flight path is the path that a massive object in motion follows through space as a function of time.

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Transit of Venus

A transit of Venus across the Sun takes place when the planet Venus passes directly between the Sun and a superior planet, becoming visible against (and hence obscuring a small portion of) the solar disk.

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Tropical cyclone

A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Ulysses (spacecraft)

Ulysses is a decommissioned robotic space probe whose primary mission was to orbit the Sun and study it at all latitudes.

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United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.

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Viking program

The Viking program consisted of a pair of American space probes sent to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2.

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Visible spectrum

The visible spectrum is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is visible to the human eye.

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Voyager 1

Voyager 1 is a space probe launched by NASA on September 5, 1977.

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Voyager 2

Voyager 2 is a space probe launched by NASA on August 20, 1977, to study the outer planets.

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Voyager program

The Voyager program is an American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System.

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Working group

A working group or working party is a group of experts working together to achieve specified goals.

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1,000,000 (one million), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.

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1,000,000,000 (one billion, short scale; one thousand million or milliard, yard, long scale) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001.

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2685 Masursky

2685 Masursky, provisional designation, is a stony Eunomian asteroid from the central regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cassini–Huygens

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