70 relations: Amantadine, Antipsychotic, Apathy, Apparent death, Autism spectrum, Autistic catatonia, Autoimmune disease, Awakenings, Awakenings (book), Barbiturate, Benzodiazepine, Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, Bipolar disorder, Blank expression, Botulism, Brief psychotic disorder, Catalepsy, Catatonia, Cerebrovascular disease, Comorbidity, Diabetic ketoacidosis, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Disorganized schizophrenia, Drug overdose, DSM-5, Echolalia, Echopraxia, Electroconvulsive therapy, Encephalitis, Encephalitis lethargica, Facial expression, Glutamic acid, Head injury, Hepatic encephalopathy, Homecoming (novel), Homocystinuria, Hypercalcaemia, Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum, Karolina Olsson, Lorazepam, Major depressive disorder, Memantine, Motor skill, Muteness, Narcolepsy, Neoplasm, Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, NMDA receptor antagonist, Oliver Sacks, Oneiroid syndrome, ..., Oneirophrenia, Paranoid schizophrenia, Persistent vegetative state, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Psychiatry, Psychomotor agitation, Schizoaffective disorder, Schizophrenia, Schizophreniform disorder, Serotonin syndrome, Stereotypy, Stimulus (physiology), Stroke, Stupor, Substance abuse, Symptom, Syndrome, Topiramate, Waxy flexibility, Zolpidem. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
Amantadine (trade name Symmetrel, by Endo Pharmaceuticals) is a medication that has U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for use both as an antiviral and an antiparkinsonian medication.
Antipsychotics, also known as neuroleptics or major tranquilizers, are a class of medication primarily used to manage psychosis (including delusions, hallucinations, paranoia or disordered thought), principally in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Apathy is a lack of feeling, emotion, interest, and concern.
Apparent death, colloquially known as playing dead, feigning death, or playing possum, is a behavior in which animals take on the appearance of being dead.
Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders.
Autistic catatonia is a rare type of disorder that affects roughly 10 percent of all adults with autism spectrum disorder.
An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part.
Awakenings is a 1990 American drama film based on Oliver Sacks's 1973 memoir of the same title.
Awakenings is a 1973 non-fiction book by Oliver Sacks.
A barbiturate is a drug that acts as a central nervous system depressant, and can therefore produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to death.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome—often abbreviated to benzo withdrawal—is the cluster of symptoms that emerge when a person who has taken benzodiazepines, either medically or recreationally, and has developed a physical dependence undergoes dosage reduction or discontinuation.
Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.
A blank expression is a facial expression characterized by neutral positioning of the facial features, implying a lack of strong emotion.
Botulism is a rare and potentially fatal illness caused by a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.
Brief psychotic disorder is a period of psychosis whose duration is generally shorter, is not always non-recurring, but can be, and is not caused by another condition.
Catalepsy (from Greek κατάληψις "seizing, grasping") is a nervous condition characterized by muscular rigidity and fixity of posture regardless of external stimuli, as well as decreased sensitivity to pain.
Catatonia is a state of psycho-motor immobility and behavioral abnormality manifested by stupor.
Cerebrovascular disease includes a variety of medical conditions that affect the blood vessels of the brain and the cerebral circulation.
In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional diseases or disorders co-occurring with (that is, concomitant or concurrent with) a primary disease or disorder; in the countable sense of the term, a comorbidity (plural comorbidities) is each additional disorder or disease.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and offers a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders.
Disorganized schizophrenia, also known as hebephrenia or hebephrenic schizophrenia, is a subtype of schizophrenia, although it is not recognized in the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
The term drug overdose (or simply overdose or OD) describes the ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is the 2013 update to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the taxonomic and diagnostic tool published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).
Echolalia (also known as echologia or echophrasia) is defined as the unsolicited repetition of vocalizations made by another person (by the same person is called palilalia).
Echopraxia (also known as echokinesis) is the involuntary repetition or imitation of another person's actions.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock therapy, and often referred to as shock treatment, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain.
Encephalitis lethargica is an atypical form of encephalitis.
A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face.
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
A head injury is any injury that results in trauma to the skull or brain.
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is an altered level of consciousness as a result of liver failure.
Homecoming is a young adult novel by American children's author Cynthia Voigt.
Classical homocystinuria, also known as cystathionine beta synthase deficiency or CBS deficiency, is an inherited disorder of the metabolism of the amino acid methionine due to a deficiency of cystathionine beta synthase.
Hypercalcaemia, also spelled hypercalcemia, is a high calcium (Ca2+) level in the blood serum.
Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum (28 December 1828 – 15 April 1899) was a German psychiatrist.
Karolina Olsson (29 October 1861 – 5 April 1950), also known as "Soverskan på Oknö" ("The Sleeping Beauty of Oknö"), was a Swedish woman who purportedly remained in hibernation between 1876 and 1908 (32 years).
Lorazepam, sold under the brand name Ativan among others, is a benzodiazepine medication.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Memantine is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors. It was first synthesized by Eli Lilly and Company in 1968 as a potential agent to treat diabetes; the NMDA activity was discovered in the 1980s.
A motor skill is a learned ability to cause a predetermined movement outcome with maximum certainty.
Muteness or mutism is an inability to speak, often caused by a speech disorder or surgery.
Narcolepsy is a long-term neurological disorder that involves a decreased ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a life-threatening reaction that occasionally occurs in response to neuroleptic or antipsychotic medication.
NMDA receptor antagonists are a class of anesthetics that work to antagonize, or inhibit the action of, the ''N''-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR).
Oliver Wolf Sacks, (9 July 1933 – 30 August 2015) was a British neurologist, naturalist, historian of science, and author.
Oneiroid syndrome (OS) is a condition involving dream-like disturbances of one's consciousness by vivid scenic hallucinations, accompanied by catatonic symptoms (either catatonic stupor or excitement), delusions, or psychopathological experiences of a kaleidoscopic nature.
Oneirophrenia (from the Greek words "ὄνειρος" (oneiros, "dream") and "φρενός" (phrenos, "mind")) is a hallucinatory, dream-like state caused by several conditions such as prolonged sleep deprivation, sensory deprivation, or drugs (such as ibogaine).
Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common type of schizophrenia.
A persistent vegetative state (PVS) is a disorder of consciousness in which patients with severe brain damage are in a state of partial arousal rather than true awareness.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
Psychomotor agitation is a set of signs and symptoms that stem from mental tension and anxiety.
Schizoaffective disorder (SZA, SZD or SAD) is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal thought processes and deregulated emotions.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.
Schizophreniform disorder is a mental disorder diagnosed when symptoms of schizophrenia are present for a significant portion of the time within a one-month period, but signs of disruption are not present for the full six months required for the diagnosis of schizophrenia.
Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a group of symptoms that may occur following use of certain serotonergic medications or drugs.
A stereotypy is a repetitive or ritualistic movement, posture, or utterance.
In physiology, a stimulus (plural stimuli) is a detectable change in the internal or external environment.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Stupor (from Latin stupere, "be stunned or amazed") is the lack of critical mental function and a level of consciousness wherein a sufferer is almost entirely unresponsive and only responds to base stimuli such as pain.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
A syndrome is a set of medical signs and symptoms that are correlated with each other and, often, with a particular disease or disorder.
Topiramate (brand name Topamax) is an anticonvulsant (antiepilepsy) drug.
Waxy flexibility is a psychomotor symptom of catatonia as associated with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or other mental disorders which leads to a decreased response to stimuli and a tendency to remain in an immobile posture.
Zolpidem, sold under the brand name Ambien, among others, is a sedative primarily used for the treatment of trouble sleeping.
Catatonic, Catatonic Schizophrenia, Catatonic behavior, Catatonic behaviour, Catatonic disorder, Catatonic excitement, Catatonic schizophrenia, Catatonic state, Catatonic stupor, Catetonic, Cathatonia, Katatonic, Lethal catatonia.