Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Install
Faster access than browser!
 

Catecholamine

Index Catecholamine

A catecholamine (CA) is a monoamine, an organic compound that has a catechol (benzene with two hydroxyl side groups at carbons 1 and 2) and a side-chain amine. [1]

83 relations: Adrenal gland, Adrenal medulla, Adrenaline, Alkaloid, Amine, Amino acid, AMPT, Area postrema, Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, Benzene, Biopterin-dependent aromatic amino acid hydroxylase, Blood pressure, Blood sugar level, Brainstem, Carcinoid syndrome, Catechol, Catechol-O-methyltransferase, Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, Central nervous system, Chromaffin cell, Clinical urine tests, Cofactor (biochemistry), Dopamine, Dopamine beta-hydroxylase, Emergency medicine, Ethyl group, Ethylene, Ferrous, Fight-or-flight response, Gibberellin, Health effects from noise, Heart rate, History of catecholamine research, Homovanillic acid, Hormone, Hydroxy group, Hydroxylation, Hypoglycemia, Iron, Julius Axelrod, L-DOPA, Light pollution, Locus coeruleus, Medicinal plants, Monoamine neurotransmitter, Monoamine oxidase, Monoamine oxidase A, Monoamine oxidase inhibitor, Neuroendocrine tumor, Neuromelanin, ..., Neuromodulation, Neurotransmitter, Norepinephrine, Nucleus (neuroanatomy), Organic compound, Oxygen, Peptide hormone, Phenethylamine, Phenylalanine, Phenylalanine hydroxylase, Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase, Pheochromocytoma, Postganglionic nerve fibers, Pyridoxal phosphate, S-Adenosyl methionine, Side chain, Solitary tract, Steroid hormone, Stimulant, Stress (biology), Substantia nigra, Substituent, Substituted amphetamine, Sympathetic nervous system, Sympathomimetic drug, Synapse, Tetrahydrobiopterin, Tolcapone, Tyrosine, Tyrosine hydroxylase, Vanillylmandelic acid, Ventral tegmental area, Vitamin C. Expand index (33 more) »

Adrenal gland

The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.

New!!: Catecholamine and Adrenal gland · See more »

Adrenal medulla

The adrenal medulla (medulla glandulae suprarenalis) is part of the adrenal gland.

New!!: Catecholamine and Adrenal medulla · See more »

Adrenaline

Adrenaline, also known as adrenalin or epinephrine, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication.

New!!: Catecholamine and Adrenaline · See more »

Alkaloid

Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.

New!!: Catecholamine and Alkaloid · See more »

Amine

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

New!!: Catecholamine and Amine · See more »

Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

New!!: Catecholamine and Amino acid · See more »

AMPT

Alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (AMPT) is a tyrosine hydroxylase enzyme inhibitor.

New!!: Catecholamine and AMPT · See more »

Area postrema

The area postrema is a medullary structure in the brain that controls vomiting.

New!!: Catecholamine and Area postrema · See more »

Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase

Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC or AAAD), also known as DOPA decarboxylase (DDC), tryptophan decarboxylase, and 5-hydroxytryptophan decarboxylase, is a lyase enzyme.

New!!: Catecholamine and Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase · See more »

Benzene

Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

New!!: Catecholamine and Benzene · See more »

Biopterin-dependent aromatic amino acid hydroxylase

Biopterin-dependent aromatic amino acid hydroxylases (AAAH) are a family of aromatic amino acid hydroxylase enzymes which includes phenylalanine 4-hydroxylase, tyrosine 3-hydroxylase, and tryptophan 5-hydroxylase.

New!!: Catecholamine and Biopterin-dependent aromatic amino acid hydroxylase · See more »

Blood pressure

Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.

New!!: Catecholamine and Blood pressure · See more »

Blood sugar level

The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals.

New!!: Catecholamine and Blood sugar level · See more »

Brainstem

The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord.

New!!: Catecholamine and Brainstem · See more »

Carcinoid syndrome

Carcinoid syndrome is a paraneoplastic syndrome comprising the signs and symptoms that occur secondary to carcinoid tumors.

New!!: Catecholamine and Carcinoid syndrome · See more »

Catechol

Catechol, also known as pyrocatechol or 1,2-dihydroxybenzene, is an organic compound with the molecular formula C6H4(OH)2.

New!!: Catecholamine and Catechol · See more »

Catechol-O-methyltransferase

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is one of several enzymes that degrade catecholamines (such as dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine), catecholestrogens, and various drugs and substances having a catechol structure.

New!!: Catecholamine and Catechol-O-methyltransferase · See more »

Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia

Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is an inherited disorder that predisposes those affected to potentially life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms or arrhythmias.

New!!: Catecholamine and Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia · See more »

Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

New!!: Catecholamine and Central nervous system · See more »

Chromaffin cell

Chromaffin cells, also pheochromocytes, are neuroendocrine cells found mostly in the medulla of the adrenal glands in mammals.

New!!: Catecholamine and Chromaffin cell · See more »

Clinical urine tests

Clinical urine tests are various tests of urine for diagnostic purposes.

New!!: Catecholamine and Clinical urine tests · See more »

Cofactor (biochemistry)

A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for an enzyme's activity.

New!!: Catecholamine and Cofactor (biochemistry) · See more »

Dopamine

Dopamine (DA, a contraction of 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body.

New!!: Catecholamine and Dopamine · See more »

Dopamine beta-hydroxylase

Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH), also known as dopamine beta-monooxygenase, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the DBH gene.

New!!: Catecholamine and Dopamine beta-hydroxylase · See more »

Emergency medicine

Emergency medicine, also known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with caring for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention.

New!!: Catecholamine and Emergency medicine · See more »

Ethyl group

In chemistry, an ethyl group is an alkyl substituent derived from ethane (C2H6).

New!!: Catecholamine and Ethyl group · See more »

Ethylene

Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.

New!!: Catecholamine and Ethylene · See more »

Ferrous

In chemistry, ferrous (Fe2+), indicates a divalent iron compound (+2 oxidation state), as opposed to ferric, which indicates a trivalent iron compound (+3 oxidation state).

New!!: Catecholamine and Ferrous · See more »

Fight-or-flight response

The fight-or-flight response (also called hyperarousal, or the acute stress response) is a physiological reaction that occurs in response to a perceived harmful event, attack, or threat to survival.

New!!: Catecholamine and Fight-or-flight response · See more »

Gibberellin

Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones that regulate various developmental processes, including stem elongation, germination, dormancy, flowering, flower development and leaf and fruit senescence.

New!!: Catecholamine and Gibberellin · See more »

Health effects from noise

Noise health effects are the physical and psychological health consequences of regular exposure, to consistent elevated sound levels.

New!!: Catecholamine and Health effects from noise · See more »

Heart rate

Heart rate is the speed of the heartbeat measured by the number of contractions of the heart per minute (bpm).

New!!: Catecholamine and Heart rate · See more »

History of catecholamine research

The catecholamines comprise the endogenous substances dopamine, noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and adrenaline (epinephrine) as well as numerous artificially synthesized compounds such as isoprenaline.

New!!: Catecholamine and History of catecholamine research · See more »

Homovanillic acid

Homovanillic acid (HVA) is a major catecholamine metabolite that is produced by a consecutive action of monoamine oxidase and catechol-O-methyltransferase on dopamine.

New!!: Catecholamine and Homovanillic acid · See more »

Hormone

A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.

New!!: Catecholamine and Hormone · See more »

Hydroxy group

A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.

New!!: Catecholamine and Hydroxy group · See more »

Hydroxylation

Hydroxylation is a chemical process that introduces a hydroxyl group (-OH) into an organic compound.

New!!: Catecholamine and Hydroxylation · See more »

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.

New!!: Catecholamine and Hypoglycemia · See more »

Iron

Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

New!!: Catecholamine and Iron · See more »

Julius Axelrod

Julius Axelrod (May 30, 1912 – December 29, 2004) was an American biochemist.

New!!: Catecholamine and Julius Axelrod · See more »

L-DOPA

L-DOPA, also known as levodopa or L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine is an amino acid that is made and used as part of the normal biology of humans, as well as some animals and plants.

New!!: Catecholamine and L-DOPA · See more »

Light pollution

Light pollution, also known as photopollution, is the presence of anthropogenic light in the night environment.

New!!: Catecholamine and Light pollution · See more »

Locus coeruleus

The locus coeruleus (\-si-ˈrü-lē-əs\, also spelled locus caeruleus or locus ceruleus) is a nucleus in the pons of the brainstem involved with physiological responses to stress and panic.

New!!: Catecholamine and Locus coeruleus · See more »

Medicinal plants

Medicinal plants, also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times.

New!!: Catecholamine and Medicinal plants · See more »

Monoamine neurotransmitter

Monoamine neurotransmitters are neurotransmitters and neuromodulators that contain one amino group that is connected to an aromatic ring by a two-carbon chain (such as -CH2-CH2-). All monoamines are derived from aromatic amino acids like phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, and the thyroid hormones by the action of aromatic amino acid decarboxylase enzymes.

New!!: Catecholamine and Monoamine neurotransmitter · See more »

Monoamine oxidase

L-Monoamine oxidases (MAO) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of monoamines.

New!!: Catecholamine and Monoamine oxidase · See more »

Monoamine oxidase A

Monoamine oxidase A, also known as MAO-A, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MAOA gene.

New!!: Catecholamine and Monoamine oxidase A · See more »

Monoamine oxidase inhibitor

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are a class of drugs that inhibit the activity of one or both monoamine oxidase enzymes: monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B).

New!!: Catecholamine and Monoamine oxidase inhibitor · See more »

Neuroendocrine tumor

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are neoplasms that arise from cells of the endocrine (hormonal) and nervous systems.

New!!: Catecholamine and Neuroendocrine tumor · See more »

Neuromelanin

Neuromelanin (NM) is a dark pigment found in the brain which is structurally related to melanin.

New!!: Catecholamine and Neuromelanin · See more »

Neuromodulation

Neuromodulation is the physiological process by which a given neuron uses one or more chemicals to regulate diverse populations of neurons.

New!!: Catecholamine and Neuromodulation · See more »

Neurotransmitter

Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.

New!!: Catecholamine and Neurotransmitter · See more »

Norepinephrine

Norepinephrine (NE), also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin, is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter.

New!!: Catecholamine and Norepinephrine · See more »

Nucleus (neuroanatomy)

In neuroanatomy, a nucleus (plural form: nuclei) is a cluster of neurons in the central nervous system, located deep within the cerebral hemispheres and brainstem.

New!!: Catecholamine and Nucleus (neuroanatomy) · See more »

Organic compound

In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.

New!!: Catecholamine and Organic compound · See more »

Oxygen

Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.

New!!: Catecholamine and Oxygen · See more »

Peptide hormone

Peptide hormones or protein hormones are hormones whose molecules are peptides or proteins, respectively.

New!!: Catecholamine and Peptide hormone · See more »

Phenethylamine

Phenethylamine (PEA) is an organic compound, natural monoamine alkaloid, and trace amine which acts as a central nervous system stimulant in humans.

New!!: Catecholamine and Phenethylamine · See more »

Phenylalanine

Phenylalanine (symbol Phe or F) is an α-amino acid with the formula.

New!!: Catecholamine and Phenylalanine · See more »

Phenylalanine hydroxylase

Phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydroxylation of the aromatic side-chain of phenylalanine to generate tyrosine.

New!!: Catecholamine and Phenylalanine hydroxylase · See more »

Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase

Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) is an enzyme found primarily in the adrenal medulla that converts norepinephrine (noradrenaline) to epinephrine (adrenaline).

New!!: Catecholamine and Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase · See more »

Pheochromocytoma

Pheochromocytoma (PCC) is a neuroendocrine tumor of the medulla of the adrenal glands (originating in the chromaffin cells), or extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue that failed to involute after birth, that secretes high amounts of catecholamines, mostly norepinephrine, plus epinephrine to a lesser extent.

New!!: Catecholamine and Pheochromocytoma · See more »

Postganglionic nerve fibers

In the autonomic nervous system, fibers from the ganglion to the effector organ are called postganglionic fibers.

New!!: Catecholamine and Postganglionic nerve fibers · See more »

Pyridoxal phosphate

Pyridoxal phosphate (PLP, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, P5P), the active form of vitamin B6, is a coenzyme in a variety of enzymatic reactions.

New!!: Catecholamine and Pyridoxal phosphate · See more »

S-Adenosyl methionine

S-Adenosyl methionineSAM-e, SAMe, SAM, S-Adenosyl-L-methionine, AdoMet, ademetionine is a common cosubstrate involved in methyl group transfers, transsulfuration, and aminopropylation.

New!!: Catecholamine and S-Adenosyl methionine · See more »

Side chain

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a side chain is a chemical group that is attached to a core part of the molecule called "main chain" or backbone.

New!!: Catecholamine and Side chain · See more »

Solitary tract

The solitary tract (tractus solitarius, or fasciculus solitarius) is a compact fiber bundle that extends longitudinally through the posterolateral region of the medulla.

New!!: Catecholamine and Solitary tract · See more »

Steroid hormone

A steroid hormone is a steroid that acts as a hormone.

New!!: Catecholamine and Steroid hormone · See more »

Stimulant

Stimulants (also often referred to as psychostimulants or colloquially as uppers) is an overarching term that covers many drugs including those that increase activity of the central nervous system and the body, drugs that are pleasurable and invigorating, or drugs that have sympathomimetic effects.

New!!: Catecholamine and Stimulant · See more »

Stress (biology)

Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition.

New!!: Catecholamine and Stress (biology) · See more »

Substantia nigra

The substantia nigra (SN) is a basal ganglia structure located in the midbrain that plays an important role in reward and movement.

New!!: Catecholamine and Substantia nigra · See more »

Substituent

In organic chemistry and biochemistry, a substituent is an atom or group of atoms which replaces one or more hydrogen atoms on the parent chain of a hydrocarbon, becoming a moiety of the resultant new molecule.

New!!: Catecholamine and Substituent · See more »

Substituted amphetamine

Substituted amphetamines are a class of compounds based upon the amphetamine structure; it includes all derivative compounds which are formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the amphetamine core structure with substituents.

New!!: Catecholamine and Substituted amphetamine · See more »

Sympathetic nervous system

The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is one of the two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system, the other being the parasympathetic nervous system.

New!!: Catecholamine and Sympathetic nervous system · See more »

Sympathomimetic drug

Sympathomimetic drugs (also known as adrenergic drugs and adrenergic amines) are stimulant compounds which mimic the effects of endogenous agonists of the sympathetic nervous system.

New!!: Catecholamine and Sympathomimetic drug · See more »

Synapse

In the nervous system, a synapse is a structure that permits a neuron (or nerve cell) to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron or to the target efferent cell.

New!!: Catecholamine and Synapse · See more »

Tetrahydrobiopterin

Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, THB), also known as sapropterin, is a naturally occurring essential cofactor of the three aromatic amino acid hydroxylase enzymes, used in the degradation of amino acid phenylalanine and in the biosynthesis of the neurotransmitters serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), melatonin, dopamine, norepinephrine (noradrenaline), epinephrine (adrenaline), and is a cofactor for the production of nitric oxide (NO) by the nitric oxide synthases.

New!!: Catecholamine and Tetrahydrobiopterin · See more »

Tolcapone

Tolcapone (brand name Tasmar) is a drug used to treat Parkinson's disease (PD).

New!!: Catecholamine and Tolcapone · See more »

Tyrosine

Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.

New!!: Catecholamine and Tyrosine · See more »

Tyrosine hydroxylase

Tyrosine hydroxylase or tyrosine 3-monooxygenase is the enzyme responsible for catalyzing the conversion of the amino acid L-tyrosine to L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA).

New!!: Catecholamine and Tyrosine hydroxylase · See more »

Vanillylmandelic acid

Vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) is a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of artificial vanilla flavorings and is an end-stage metabolite of the catecholamines, epinephrine, and norepinephrine.

New!!: Catecholamine and Vanillylmandelic acid · See more »

Ventral tegmental area

The ventral tegmental area (VTA) (tegmentum is Latin for covering), also known as the ventral tegmental area of Tsai, or simply ventral tegmentum, is a group of neurons located close to the midline on the floor of the midbrain.

New!!: Catecholamine and Ventral tegmental area · See more »

Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.

New!!: Catecholamine and Vitamin C · See more »

Redirects here:

A-methyltyrosine, Adrenergic fibers, Catchecholamines, Catecholamine hormone, Catecholamine hypothesis, Catecholamine plasma membrane transport proteins, Catecholamine synthesis, Catecholamine synthetis, Catecholamines, Catecolamine, Methyltyrosine, Receptors, catecholamine, Α-methyltyrosine.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catecholamine

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »