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Caudovirales

Index Caudovirales

The Caudovirales are an order of viruses also known as the tailed bacteriophages (cauda is Latin for "tail"). [1]

18 relations: Bacteriophage, Baltimore classification, Capsid, Cell envelope, Concatemer, DNA, Homology (biology), Lysin, Morphology (biology), Myoviridae, Podoviridae, Prohead, Receptor (biochemistry), Regular icosahedron, Ribosome, Siphoviridae, Type three secretion system, Virus.

Bacteriophage

A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.

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Baltimore classification

The Baltimore classification, developed by David Baltimore, is a virus classification system that groups viruses into families, depending on their type of genome (DNA, RNA, single-stranded (ss), double-stranded (ds), etc..) and their method of replication.

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Capsid

A capsid is the protein shell of a virus.

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Cell envelope

The cell envelope comprises the inner cell membrane and the cell wall of a bacterium, if present, plus a bacterial outer membrane (i.e. in gram-negative bacteria).

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Concatemer

A concatemer is a long continuous DNA molecule that contains multiple copies of the same DNA sequence linked in series.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Homology (biology)

In biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa.

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Lysin

Lysins, also known as endolysins or murein hydrolases, are hydrolytic enzymes produced by bacteriophages in order to cleave the host's cell wall during the final stage of the lytic cycle.

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Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

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Myoviridae

The Myoviridae is a family of bacteriophages in the order Caudovirales.

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Podoviridae

Podoviridae is a family of viruses in the order Caudovirales.

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Prohead

A prohead or procapsid is an immature viral capsid structure formed in the early stages of self-assembly of some bacteriophages, including the Caudovirales or tailed bacteriophages.

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Receptor (biochemistry)

In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.

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Regular icosahedron

In geometry, a regular icosahedron is a convex polyhedron with 20 faces, 30 edges and 12 vertices.

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Ribosome

The ribosome is a complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation).

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Siphoviridae

Siphoviridae is a family of double-stranded DNA viruses in the order Caudovirales.

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Type three secretion system

Type three secretion system (often written Type III secretion system and abbreviated TTSS or T3SS, also called Injectisome) is a protein appendage found in several Gram-negative bacteria.

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Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caudovirales

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