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Index Caudovirales

The Caudovirales are an order of viruses also known as the tailed bacteriophages (cauda is Latin for "tail"). [1]

18 relations: Bacteriophage, Baltimore classification, Capsid, Cell envelope, Concatemer, DNA, Homology (biology), Lysin, Morphology (biology), Myoviridae, Podoviridae, Prohead, Receptor (biochemistry), Regular icosahedron, Ribosome, Siphoviridae, Type three secretion system, Virus.


A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea.

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Baltimore classification

The Baltimore classification, developed by David Baltimore, is a virus classification system that groups viruses into families, depending on their type of genome (DNA, RNA, single-stranded (ss), double-stranded (ds), etc..) and their method of replication.

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A capsid is the protein shell of a virus.

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Cell envelope

The cell envelope comprises the inner cell membrane and the cell wall of a bacterium, if present, plus a bacterial outer membrane (i.e. in gram-negative bacteria).

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A concatemer is a long continuous DNA molecule that contains multiple copies of the same DNA sequence linked in series.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Homology (biology)

In biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa.

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Lysins, also known as endolysins or murein hydrolases, are hydrolytic enzymes produced by bacteriophages in order to cleave the host's cell wall during the final stage of the lytic cycle.

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Morphology (biology)

Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

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The Myoviridae is a family of bacteriophages in the order Caudovirales.

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Podoviridae is a family of viruses in the order Caudovirales.

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A prohead or procapsid is an immature viral capsid structure formed in the early stages of self-assembly of some bacteriophages, including the Caudovirales or tailed bacteriophages.

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Receptor (biochemistry)

In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.

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Regular icosahedron

In geometry, a regular icosahedron is a convex polyhedron with 20 faces, 30 edges and 12 vertices.

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The ribosome is a complex molecular machine, found within all living cells, that serves as the site of biological protein synthesis (translation).

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Siphoviridae is a family of double-stranded DNA viruses in the order Caudovirales.

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Type three secretion system

Type three secretion system (often written Type III secretion system and abbreviated TTSS or T3SS, also called Injectisome) is a protein appendage found in several Gram-negative bacteria.

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A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caudovirales

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