114 relations: Abakada alphabet, Affix, Affricate consonant, Albuera, Leyte, Allophone, Antonio Pigafetta, Apostrophe, Approximant consonant, Arabic, Austronesian languages, Bilabial consonant, Biliran, Bisalog, Bislish, Bohol, Boholano dialect, Borneo–Philippine languages, Bukidnon, Butuan, Butuanon language, Cagayan de Oro, Caraga, Catholic Church, Cebu, Cebuano grammar, Cebuano language, Cebuano literature, Cebuano people, Central Philippine languages, Central Visayas, Chavacano, Circumflex, Close back rounded vowel, Close front unrounded vowel, Close-mid back rounded vowel, Code-switching, Commission on the Filipino Language, Cotabato, Dapitan, Davao City, Davao Region, Demonym, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dental consonant, Dipolog, Dumaguete, Eastern Visayas, Elision, Ferdinand Magellan, Flap consonant, ..., Free variation, Fricative consonant, Glottal consonant, Glottal stop, Grave accent, Hiligaynon language, Hyphen, Imperative mood, ISO 639-1, ISO 639-2, Jeepney, Language, Languages of the Philippines, Latin script, Lexicon, Leyte, Lingua franca, List of islands of Cebu, Loanword, Luzon, Maasin, Malayo-Polynesian languages, Mansakan languages, Masbate, Metro Cebu, Mindanao, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Nasal consonant, Near-close back rounded vowel, Near-close front unrounded vowel, Negros Island, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, Northern Mindanao, Open front unrounded vowel, Open-mid back rounded vowel, Open-mid back unrounded vowel, Open-mid front unrounded vowel, Ormoc, Palatal consonant, Palawan, Philippine Braille, Philippine languages, Philippines, Portmanteau, Samar, Sanskrit, Siquijor, Sound change, Southern Leyte, Spanish Empire, Stop consonant, Syllable, Tagalog language, Urheimat, Velar consonant, Velar nasal, Visayan Academy of Arts and Letters, Visayan languages, Visayans, Visayas, Waray language, Zamboanga Peninsula. Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
The Abakada alphabet was an "indigenized" Latin alphabet adopted for the Tagalog-based Filipino national language in 1940.
In linguistics, an affix is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word or word form.
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
, officially the, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds, or phones, or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
Antonio Pigafetta (c. 1491 – c. 1531) was an Italian scholar and explorer from the Republic of Venice.
The apostrophe ( ' or) character is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.
Biliran (Lalawigan sa Biliran; Waray-Waray: Probinsya han Biliran; Lalawigan ng Biliran) is an island province in the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region (Region VIII).
Bisalog, also Tagbis, is a portmanteau of the words 'Bisaya' and 'Tagalog' which refers to either a Visayan language or Tagalog being infused with words or expressions from the other.
Bislish is a portmanteau of the words Bisaya and English, which refers to any of the Visayan languages of the Philippines macaronically infused with English terms.
Bohol is a prefix.
Boholano (Binol-anon) is a variant of the Cebuano language spoken in the island province of Bohol in the Visayas and a major portion of Southern Leyte, as well as parts of Mindanao, particularly in Northern Mindanao and Caraga Region.
The Borneo–Philippines languages (also known as Outer Hesperonesian or Outer Western Malayo-Polynesian languages) are a paraphyletic group of the Austronesian languages which includes the languages of the Philippines, much of Borneo, the northern peninsula of Sulawesi, and Madagascar.
Bukidnon (officially the Province of Bukidnon, Lalawigan sa Bukidnon) is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region.
(pronounced), officially the (Butuanon: Dakbayan hong; name; name), or simply known as City, is a highly urbanized city and regional center of the Caraga Region,.
Butuanon is an Austronesian regional language spoken in Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur, with some native speakers in Misamis Oriental and Surigao del Norte.
, officially the, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Cagayan de Oro; Filipino: Lungsod ng Cagayan de Oro), or simply referred to as Cagayan de Oro City, is a highly urbanized city in Northern Mindanao,.
Caraga, officially known as the Caraga Administrative Region or simply Caraga Region and designated as Region XIII, is an administrative region in the Philippines occupying the northeastern section of the island of Mindanao.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cebu (Lalawigan sa Sugbu; Lalawigan ng Cebu) is a province of the Philippines located in the region, and consisting of a main island and 167 surrounding islands and islets.
Pronouns are inflected for person, number and case.
The Cebuano or Cebuan language, also often colloquially albeit informally referred to by most of its speakers simply as Bisaya (English translation: "Visayan", not to be confused with other Visayan languages), is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 21 million people in Central Visayas, western parts of Eastern Visayas and most parts of Mindanao, most of whom belong to various Visayan ethnolinguistic groups, mainly the Cebuanos.
Cebuano literature includes both the oral and written literary forms Cebuano of colonial, pre-colonial and post-colonial Philippines.
The Cebuano people (Mga Sugbuanon) are a subgroup of the Visayan people whose primary language is the Cebuano language.
The Central Philippine languages are the most geographically widespread demonstrated group of languages in the Philippines, being spoken in southern Luzon, Visayas, Mindanao, and Sulu.
Central Visayas (Tunga-tungang Kabisay-an; Gitnang Kabisayaan) is a region of the Philippines, numerically designated as Region VII.
Chavacano or Chabacano refers to a number of Spanish-based creole language varieties spoken in the Philippines.
The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
The close back rounded vowel, or high back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
The close front unrounded vowel, or high front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound that occurs in most spoken languages, represented in the International Phonetic Alphabet by the symbol i. It is similar to the vowel sound in the English word meet—and often called long-e in American English.
The close-mid back rounded vowel, or high-mid back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
In linguistics, code-switching occurs when a speaker alternates between two or more languages, or language varieties, in the context of a single conversation.
The Commission on the Filipino Language (Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino; Komisyon sa Panghambal nga Filipino; Komisyon sa Pinulongang Filipino; Komisyon na Salitan Filipino; Komisyun king Amanung Filipinu; Komision iti Pagsasao a Filipino; Komisyon sa Tataramon na Filipino; Komisyon ha Yinaknan nga Filipino) is the official regulating body of the Filipino language and the official government institution tasked with developing, preserving, and promoting the various local Philippine languages.
Cotabato, formerly but colloquially known as North Cotabato (Amihanon nga Kotabato; Amihanang Kotabato; Maguindanaoan: Kuta Wato Nort), is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao.
, officially the, (Subanon: Gembagel G'benwa Dapitan/Bagbenwa Dapitan; Lungsod ng Dapitan; Chavacano: Ciudad de Dapitan), or simply referred to as Dapitan City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
, officially the (Dakbayan sa Dabaw, Lungsod ng Dabaw), is a highly urbanized city in the island of Mindanao,.
Davao Region, formerly called Southern Mindanao (Habagatang Mindanao; Timog Mindanao), is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region XI.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A dental consonant is a consonant articulated with the tongue against the upper teeth, such as,,, and in some languages.
, officially the, Lungsod ng Dipolog; Chavacano: Ciudad de Dipolog; Subanen: Gembagel G'benwa Dipuleg/Bagbenwa Dipuleg), is a settlement_text and capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people. Geographically, the city is surrounded by rolling hills to the southeast and the Sulu Sea to the north. Dipolog is known for its wild orchids and its sardine industry which stems from the rich fishing area off its shores. It is known as the "Gateway to Western Mindanao" through the Western Nautical Highway and has also been called the "Bottled Sardines Capital of the Philippines." Dipolog can be reached by plane via Dipolog Airport or by ferry at the nearby Pulauan Port in Dapitan City. The construction of a roll-on/roll-off facility at Barangay Galas will allow for the eventual transfer of the service to Dipolog while retaining inter-island operations at Pulauan, which is soon to become a base port. A popular city attraction is the foreshore Dipolog Boulevard which, though still in its second phase of construction, has become a popular haven for exercise and leisure. It is also the site for various celebrations and festivals in the city. In the third phase of the project, the length of the boulevard will be extended to reach the seaport in Barangay Galas.
, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Dumaguete; Lungsod ng Dumaguete), or simply as Dumaguete City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
Eastern Visayas (Sinirangan Kabisay-an; Silangang Kabisayaan) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region VIII.
In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
Ferdinand Magellan (or; Fernão de Magalhães,; Fernando de Magallanes,; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
In phonetics, a flap or tap is a type of consonantal sound, which is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (such as the tongue) is thrown against another.
Free variation in linguistics is the phenomenon of two (or more) sounds or forms appearing in the same environment without a change in meaning and without being considered incorrect by native speakers.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
The grave accent (`) is a diacritical mark in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, West Frisian, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Mohawk, Occitan, Portuguese, Ligurian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, Romansh, and Yoruba.
The Hiligaynon language, also colloquially referred often by most of its speakers simply as Ilonggo, is an Austronesian regional language spoken in the Philippines by about 9.1 million people, mainly in Western Visayas and SOCCSKSARGEN, most of whom belong to the Visayan ethnic group, mainly the Hiligaynons.
The hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word.
The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.
ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.
ISO 639-2:1998, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code, is the second part of the ISO 639 standard, which lists codes for the representation of the names of languages.
Jeepneys (Filipino: Dyipni), sometimes called simply jeeps (Filipino: dyip), are the most popular means of public transportation in the Philippines.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
There are some 120 to 187 languages and dialects in the Philippines, depending on the method of classification.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
A lexicon, word-hoard, wordbook, or word-stock is the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge (such as nautical or medical).
Leyte is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
This a list of islands under the jurisdiction of Cebu in the Philippines.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
, officially the, (Dakbayan sa Maasin; Syudad han Maasin; Lungsod ng Maasin), or simply referred to as Maasin City, is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 385.5 million speakers.
The Mansakan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken in the Philippines.
Masbate, officially the Province of Masbate (Masbateño: Probinsya san Masbate; Kapuoran sang Masbate; Probinsya kan Masbate; Lalawigan ng Masbate) is an island province in the Philippines located near the middle of the nation's archipelago.
Metropolitan Cebu, or simply Metro Cebu, (Kaulohang Sugbo, Kalakhang Cebu), is the main urban center of the province of Cebu in the Philippines.
Mindanao is the second largest island in the Philippines.
Misamis Occidental (Kasadpang Misamis; Subanen: Sindepan Mis'samis) is a province located in the region of Northern Mindanao in the Philippines.
Misamis Oriental (Sidlakang Misamis) is a province located in the region of Northern Mindanao in the Philippines.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
The near-close back rounded vowel, or near-high back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some vocal languages.
The near-close front unrounded vowel, or near-high front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
Negros is the fourth largest island of the Philippines, with a land area of.
Negros Occidental (Negros Nakatundan; Kasadpang Negros; Kanlurang Negros), also known as or, is a province located in the region of Western Visayas, in the Philippines.
Negros Oriental (Sidlakang Negros; Negros Sidlangan; Silangang Negros), also called or, is a province located in the region of Central Visayas, in the Philippines.
Northern Mindanao (Hilagang Kamindanawan, Amihanang Mindanao) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region X. It comprises five provinces: Camiguin, Misamis Oriental, Lanao del Norte, Bukidnon and Misamis Occidental and two cities classified as highly urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin.
The open front unrounded vowel, or low front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. It is one of the eight primary cardinal vowels, not directly intended to correspond to a vowel sound of a specific language but rather to serve as a fundamental reference point in a phonetic measuring system. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) that represents this sound is, and in the IPA vowel chart it is positioned at the lower-left corner. However, the accuracy of the quadrilateral vowel chart is disputed, and the sound has been analyzed acoustically as an extra-open/low unrounded vowel at a position where the front/back distinction has lost its significance. There are also differing interpretations of the exact quality of the vowel: the classic sound recording of by Daniel Jones is slightly more front but not quite as open as that by John Wells. In practice, it is considered normal by many phoneticians to use the symbol for an open ''central'' unrounded vowel and instead approximate the open front unrounded vowel with (which officially signifies a ''near-open'' front unrounded vowel). This is the usual practice, for example, in the historical study of the English language. The loss of separate symbols for open and near-open front vowels is usually considered unproblematic, because the perceptual difference between the two is quite small, and very few languages contrast the two. If one needs to specify that the vowel is front, one can use symbols like (advanced/fronted), or (lowered), with the latter being more common. The Hamont dialect of Limburgish has been reported to contrast long open front, central and back unrounded vowels, which is extremely unusual.
The open-mid back rounded vowel, or low-mid back rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
The open-mid back unrounded vowel, or low-mid back unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages.
The open-mid front unrounded vowel, or low-mid front unrounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
, officially the (Dakbayan sa Ormoc; Syudad han Ormoc; Lungsod ng Ormoc) or simply referred to as Ormoc City, is a independent component city in the province of Leyte in the region of Eastern Visayas of the Philippines.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
Palawan (pron.), officially the Province of Palawan (Cuyonon: Probinsya i'ang Palawan / Paragua; Kapuoran sang Palawan; Lalawigan ng Palawan) is an archipelagic province of the Philippines that is located in the region of MIMAROPA.
Philippine Braille, or Filipino Braille, is the braille alphabet of the Philippines.
In linguistics, the Philippine languages are a proposal by Zorc (1986) and Robert Blust (1991) that all the languages of the Philippines and northern Sulawesi—except Sama–Bajaw (languages of the "Sea Gypsies") and a few languages of Palawan—form a subfamily of Austronesian languages.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Samar is the third largest island in the Philippines.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Siquijor (Lalawigan sa Siquijor, Lalawigan ng Siquijor) is a prefix.
Sound change includes any processes of language change that affect pronunciation (phonetic change) or sound system structures (phonological change).
Southern Leyte (Habagatang Leyte, Timog Leyte) is a province in the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.
In historical linguistics, the term homeland (also Urheimat;; from a German compound of ur- "original" and Heimat "home, homeland") denotes the area of origin of the speakers of a proto-language, the (reconstructed or known) parent language of a group of languages assumed to be genetically related.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
The velar nasal, also known as agma, from the Greek word for fragment, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The Visayan Academy of Arts and Letters is a Philippine language regulator whose aims are to preserve and to develop the Cebuano language.
Visayan (Bisaya or Binisaya) is a group of languages of the Philippines that are related to Tagalog and Bikol languages, all three of which are part of the Central Philippine languages.
The Visayans (Visayan: Mga Bisaya) is an umbrella term for the Philippine ethnolinguistic groups native to the whole Visayas, the southernmost islands of Luzon and most parts of Mindanao.
The Visayas, or the Visayan Islands (Visayan: Kabisay-an,; Kabisayaan), is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao.
Waray is the fifth-most-spoken native regional language of the Philippines, native to Eastern Visayas.
Zamboanga Peninsula (Chavacano: Peninsula de Zamboanga; Tangway ng Zamboanga; Península de Zamboanga) is an administrative region in the Philippines, designated as Region IX.
Cabuano language, Cebu language, Cebuan dialect, Cebuan language, Cebuano (language), Cebuano Language, Cebú language, Davaoeño dialect, ISO 639:ceb, Kana dialect, Leyteño dialect, Leyteño language, Northern Kana dialect, Sebuano, Sebuano language, Sinugboanon, Sinugboanong Binisaya, Sinugboanong Binisayâ, Sinugbuanong Binisaya, Sinugbuanong Binisayâ, Southern Kana dialect, Standard Cebuan, Sugboanon, Sugbuano language, Sugbuanon, Sugbuanon language.