158 relations: Adapteva, Advanced Micro Devices, Aerospace, Air Force Research Laboratory, AltiVec, AMD Accelerated Processing Unit, Arithmetic logic unit, Ars Technica, Athlon 64, Austin, Texas, Bandai Namco Entertainment, Bandwidth (computing), Barcelona, Barcelona Supercomputing Center, BBC News, Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing, Black hole, Blade server, Blue Gene, Branch predictor, Brute-force attack, Cell software development, Central processing unit, Chip carrier, CNET, Computational science, Concurrency (computer science), Coprocessor, CPU cache, Digital distribution, Digital imaging, Direct memory access, Double-precision floating-point format, Dynamical simulation, East Fishkill, New York, Embedded system, EWeek, Fedora (operating system), Fixstars Solutions, Floating-point arithmetic, Floating-point unit, FLOPS, Folding@home, Fourier analysis, Gameframe, Gibibyte, GNU Binutils, GNU Compiler Collection, GNU Debugger, GNU toolchain, ..., GPUGRID.net, Graphics processing unit, Guinness World Records, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, Hertz, High-definition television, IBM, IBM BladeCenter, IBM Roadrunner, IBM Z, IEEE Spectrum, Image resolution, Instruction set architecture, Intel Core 2, Jack Dongarra, Kernel (operating system), Kibibyte, Latency (engineering), Leadtek, LINPACK, Linux, LinuxTag, Load–store unit, Medical imaging, Memory coherence, Memory management unit, Memory protection, Mercury Systems, Microprocessor, Microprocessor Report, Microsoft, Military, Moving Picture Experts Group, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, MPSoC, Multi-core processor, Multimedia, Mutual exclusion, Namco System 357, NEC SX-9, NPR, Nvidia, OpenCV, Operating system, Opteron, Patent, PCI Express, Pentium 4, Performance per watt, Personal computer, Perturbation theory, PlayStation 3, Pompeu Fabra University, Power Architecture, POWER4, Processor register, QPACE, Rambus, Reduced instruction set computer, Reflection seismology, Register file, Ring network, Satellite imagery, Scratchpad memory, Semaphore (programming), Set-top box, Silicon on insulator, SIMD, Simultaneous multithreading, Single-precision floating-point format, Software engineering, Sony, Sony Interactive Entertainment, Sony Toshiba IBM Center of Competence for the Cell Processor, Source code, Space.com, SpursEngine, Standard-definition television, Stream processing, Structural engineering, Supercomputer, Supermassive black hole, Telecommunication, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Thread (computing), Throughput, Toshiba, Transport Layer Security, Turing completeness, United States dollar, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Vector processor, Video game console, Vision processing unit, Wired (magazine), Xbox 360, XDR DRAM, Xenon (processor), Yellow Dog Linux, Zego, 1080i, 128-bit, 19-inch rack, 1T-SRAM, 45 nanometer, 65-nanometer process, 90 nanometer. Expand index (108 more) » « Shrink index
Adapteva is a fabless semiconductor company focusing on low power many core microprocessor design.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).
The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) is a scientific research organization operated by the United States Air Force Materiel Command dedicated to leading the discovery, development, and integration of affordable aerospace warfighting technologies, planning and executing the Air Force science and technology program, and providing warfighting capabilities to United States air, space, and cyberspace forces.
AltiVec is a single-precision floating point and integer SIMD instruction set designed and owned by Apple, IBM, and Freescale Semiconductor (formerly Motorola's Semiconductor Products Sector) — the AIM alliance.
The AMD Accelerated Processing Unit (APU), formerly known as Fusion, is the marketing term for a series of 64-bit microprocessors from Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), designed to act as a central processing unit (CPU) and graphics accelerator unit (GPU) on a single die.
An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a combinational digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise operations on integer binary numbers.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64-architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
Bandai Namco Entertainment Inc. (BNEI) is a Japanese video game development company and publisher.
In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
The Barcelona Supercomputing Center - Centro Nacional de Supercomputación is a public research center located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC, pronounced – rhymes with "oink"), an open-source middleware system, supports volunteer and grid computing.
A black hole is a region of spacetime exhibiting such strong gravitational effects that nothing—not even particles and electromagnetic radiation such as light—can escape from inside it.
A blade server is a stripped-down server computer with a modular design optimized to minimize the use of physical space and energy.
Blue Gene is an IBM project aimed at designing supercomputers that can reach operating speeds in the PFLOPS (petaFLOPS) range, with low power consumption.
In computer architecture, a branch predictor is a digital circuit that tries to guess which way a branch (e.g. an if–then–else structure) will go before this is known definitively.
In cryptography, a brute-force attack consists of an attacker trying many passwords or passphrases with the hope of eventually guessing correctly.
Software development for the Cell microprocessor involves a mixture of conventional development practices for the Power Architecture-compatible PPU core, and novel software development challenges with regard to the functionally reduced SPU coprocessors.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
In electronics, a chip carrier is one of several kinds of surface mount technology packages for integrated circuits (commonly called "chips").
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
Computational science (also scientific computing or scientific computation (SC)) is a rapidly growing multidisciplinary field that uses advanced computing capabilities to understand and solve complex problems.
In computer science, concurrency refers to the ability of different parts or units of a program, algorithm, or problem to be executed out-of-order or in partial order, without affecting the final outcome.
A coprocessor is a computer processor used to supplement the functions of the primary processor (the CPU).
A CPU cache is a hardware cache used by the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer to reduce the average cost (time or energy) to access data from the main memory.
Digital distribution (also referred to as content delivery, online distribution, or electronic software distribution (ESD), among others) is the delivery or distribution of media content such as audio, video, software and video games.
Digital imaging or digital image acquisition is the creation of a digitally encoded representation of the visual characteristics of an object, such as a physical scene or the interior structure of an object.
Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of computer systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory (Random-access memory), independent of the central processing unit (CPU).
Double-precision floating-point format is a computer number format, usually occupying 64 bits in computer memory; it represents a wide dynamic range of numeric values by using a floating radix point.
Dynamical simulation, in computational physics, is the simulation of systems of objects that are free to move, usually in three dimensions according to Newton's laws of dynamics, or approximations thereof.
East Fishkill is a town on the southern border of Dutchess County, New York, United States.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
eWeek (Enterprise Newsweekly, stylized as eWEEK) is a technology and business magazine, owned by QuinStreet.
Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat.
Fixstars Solutions, Inc is a software and services company specializing in multi-core processors, particularly in Nvidia's GPU and CUDA environment, IBM Power7, and Cell.
In computing, floating-point arithmetic is arithmetic using formulaic representation of real numbers as an approximation so as to support a trade-off between range and precision.
A floating-point unit (FPU, colloquially a math coprocessor) is a part of a computer system specially designed to carry out operations on floating point numbers.
In computing, floating point operations per second (FLOPS, flops or flop/s) is a measure of computer performance, useful in fields of scientific computations that require floating-point calculations.
Folding@home (FAH or F@h) is a distributed computing project for disease research that simulates protein folding, computational drug design, and other types of molecular dynamics.
In mathematics, Fourier analysis is the study of the way general functions may be represented or approximated by sums of simpler trigonometric functions.
A gameframe is a hybrid computer system that was first used in the online video games industry.
The gibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The GNU Binary Utilities, or binutils, are a set of programming tools for creating and managing binary programs, object files, libraries, profile data, and assembly source code.
The GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) is a compiler system produced by the GNU Project supporting various programming languages.
The GNU Debugger (GDB) is a portable debugger that runs on many Unix-like systems and works for many programming languages, including Ada, C, C++, Objective-C, Free Pascal, Fortran, Go, Java and partially others.
The GNU toolchain is a broad collection of programming tools produced by the GNU Project.
GPUGRID is a distributed computing project hosted by Pompeu Fabra University and running on the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) software platform.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The IBM BladeCenter was IBM's blade server architecture, until it was replaced by Flex System.
Roadrunner was a supercomputer built by IBM for the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, USA.
IBM Z is a family name used by IBM for all of its mainframe computers from the Z900 on.
IEEE Spectrum is a magazine edited by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
Image resolution is the detail an image holds.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
Core 2 is a brand encompassing a range of Intel's consumer 64-bit x86-64 single-, dual-, and quad-core microprocessors based on the Core microarchitecture.
Jack J. Dongarra (born July 18, 1950) is an American University Distinguished Professor of Computer Science in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department at the University of Tennessee.
The kernel is a computer program that is the core of a computer's operating system, with complete control over everything in the system.
The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.
Latency is a time interval between the stimulation and response, or, from a more general point of view, a time delay between the cause and the effect of some physical change in the system being observed.
Leadtek Research, Inc. is a Taiwanese company, founded in 1986, which focuses on research and development that is specialized in the design and manufacture of graphics cards.
LINPACK is a software library for performing numerical linear algebra on digital computers.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
LinuxTag (the name is a compound with the German Tag meaning assembly, conference or meeting) is a free software exposition with an emphasis on Linux (but also BSD), held annually in Germany.
In computer engineering a load–store unit is a specialized execution unit responsible for executing all load and store instructions, generating virtual addresses of load and store operations and loading data from memory or storing it back to memory from registers.
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).
Memory coherence is an issue that affects the design of computer systems in which two or more processors or cores share a common area of memory.
A memory management unit (MMU), sometimes called paged memory management unit (PMMU), is a computer hardware unit having all memory references passed through itself, primarily performing the translation of virtual memory addresses to physical addresses.
Memory protection is a way to control memory access rights on a computer, and is a part of most modern instruction set architectures and operating systems.
Mercury Systems, Inc.() is a defense contractor headquartered in Andover, Massachusetts.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microprocessor Report, is a publication for engineers and other industry professionals on microprocessors.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MPEG-2 (a.k.a. H.222/H.262 as defined by the ITU) is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information".
MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.
The multiprocessor system-on-chip (MPSoC) is a system-on-a-chip (SoC) which uses multiple processors (see multi-core), usually targeted for embedded applications.
A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
In computer science, mutual exclusion is a property of concurrency control, which is instituted for the purpose of preventing race conditions; it is the requirement that one thread of execution never enter its critical section at the same time that another concurrent thread of execution enters its own critical section.
The Namco System 357 is an arcade system board based on the Sony PlayStation 3.
The SX-9 is a supercomputer built by NEC Corporation.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Nvidia Corporation (most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California.
OpenCV (Open Source Computer Vision) is a library of programming functions mainly aimed at real-time computer vision.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Opteron is AMD's x86 former server and workstation processor line, and was the first processor which supported the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64).
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
Pentium 4 is a brand by Intel for an entire series of single-core CPUs for desktops, laptops and entry-level servers.
In computing, performance per watt is a measure of the energy efficiency of a particular computer architecture or computer hardware.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Perturbation theory comprises mathematical methods for finding an approximate solution to a problem, by starting from the exact solution of a related, simpler problem.
The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
Pompeu Fabra University (Universitat Pompeu Fabra,; UPF) is a public university in Barcelona, Spain.
Power Architecture is a registered trademark for similar reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction sets for microprocessors developed and manufactured by such companies as IBM, Freescale/NXP, AppliedMicro, LSI, Teledyne e2v and Synopsys.
The POWER4 is a microprocessor developed by International Business Machines (IBM) that implemented the 64-bit PowerPC and PowerPC AS instruction set architectures.
In computer architecture, a processor register is a quickly accessible location available to a computer's central processing unit (CPU).
QPACE (QCD Parallel Computing on the Cell Broadband Engine) is a massively parallel and scalable supercomputer designed for applications in lattice quantum chromodynamics.
Rambus Incorporated, founded in 1990, is an American technology licensing company, and has also been labelled as a patent troll.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
Reflection seismology (or seismic reflection) is a method of exploration geophysics that uses the principles of seismology to estimate the properties of the Earth's subsurface from reflected seismic waves.
A register file is an array of processor registers in a central processing unit (CPU).
A ring network is a network topology in which each node connects to exactly two other nodes, forming a single continuous pathway for signals through each node - a ring.
Satellite imagery (or spaceborne photography) are images of Earth or other planets collected by imaging satellites operated by governments and businesses around the world.
Scratchpad memory (SPM), also known as scratchpad, scratchpad RAM or local store in computer terminology, is a high-speed internal memory used for temporary storage of calculations, data, and other work in progress.
In computer science, a semaphore is a variable or abstract data type used to control access to a common resource by multiple processes in a concurrent system such as a multitasking operating system.
A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) (one type also colloquially known as a cable box) is an information appliance device that generally contains a TV-tuner input and displays output to a television set and an external source of signal, turning the source signal into content in a form that then be displayed on the television screen or other display device.
Silicon on insulator (SOI) technology refers to the use of a layered silicon–insulator–silicon substrate in place of conventional silicon substrates in semiconductor manufacturing, especially microelectronics, to reduce parasitic device capacitance, thereby improving performance.
Single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) is a class of parallel computers in Flynn's taxonomy.
Simultaneous multithreading (SMT) is a technique for improving the overall efficiency of superscalar CPUs with hardware multithreading.
Single-precision floating-point format is a computer number format, usually occupying 32 bits in computer memory; it represents a wide dynamic range of numeric values by using a floating radix point.
Software engineering is the application of engineering to the development of software in a systematic method.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Sony Interactive Entertainment (abbreviated as SIE and formerly known as Sony Computer Entertainment (SCE) and Sony Network Entertainment International) is a multinational video game and digital entertainment company and is a wholly owned subsidiary and part of the Consumer Products and Services Group of Sony Corporation.
The Sony Toshiba IBM Center of Competence for the Cell Processor is the first Center of Competence dedicated to the promotion and development of Sony Toshiba IBM's Cell microprocessor, an eight-core multiprocessor designed using principles of parallelism and memory latency.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
Space.com is a space and astronomy news website.
SpursEngine is a microprocessor from Toshiba built as a media oriented coprocessor, designed for 3D- and video processing in consumer electronics such as set-top boxes and computers.
Standard-definition television (SDTV or SD) is a television system which uses a resolution that is not considered to be either high- or enhanced-definition.
Stream processing is a computer programming paradigm, equivalent to dataflow programming, event stream processing, and reactive programming, that allows some applications to more easily exploit a limited form of parallel processing.
Structural engineering is that part of civil engineering in which structural engineers are educated to create the 'bones and muscles' that create the form and shape of man made structures.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
A supermassive black hole (SMBH or SBH) is the largest type of black hole, on the order of hundreds of thousands to billions of solar masses, and is found in the centre of almost all currently known massive galaxies.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
The Thomas J. Watson Research Center is the headquarters for IBM Research.
In computer science, a thread of execution is the smallest sequence of programmed instructions that can be managed independently by a scheduler, which is typically a part of the operating system.
In general terms, throughput is the maximum rate of production or the maximum rate at which something can be processed.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
Transport Layer Security (TLS) – and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), which is now deprecated by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – are cryptographic protocols that provide communications security over a computer network.
In computability theory, a system of data-manipulation rules (such as a computer's instruction set, a programming language, or a cellular automaton) is said to be Turing complete or computationally universal if it can be used to simulate any Turing machine.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (UMass Dartmouth or UMassD) is one of five campuses and operating subdivisions of the University of Massachusetts.
In computing, a vector processor or array processor is a central processing unit (CPU) that implements an instruction set containing instructions that operate on one-dimensional arrays of data called vectors, compared to scalar processors, whose instructions operate on single data items.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
A vision processing unit (VPU) is (as of 2016) an emerging class of microprocessor; it is a specific type of AI accelerator, designed to accelerate machine vision tasks.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft.
XDR DRAM or extreme data rate dynamic random-access memory is a high-performance RAM interface and successor to the Rambus RDRAM it is based on, competing with the rival DDR2 SDRAM and GDDR4 technology.
Microsoft XCPU, codenamed Xenon, is a CPU used in the Xbox 360 game console, to be used with ATI's Xenos graphics chip.
Yellow Dog Linux (YDL) is a free and open-source operating system for high-performance computing on multi-core processor computer architectures.
The ZEGO ("Zest to go") is a rackmount server platform built by Sony, targeted for the video post-production and broadcast markets.
1080i (also known as Full HD or BT.709) is an abbreviation referring to a combination of frame resolution and scan type, used in high-definition television (HDTV) and high-definition video.
While there are currently no mainstream general-purpose processors built to operate on 128-bit integers or addresses, a number of processors do have specialized ways to operate on 128-bit chunks of data.
A 19-inch rack is a standardized frame or enclosure for mounting multiple electronic equipment modules.
1T-SRAM is a pseudo-static random-access memory (PSRAM) technology introduced by MoSys, Inc., which offers a high-density alternative to traditional static random access memory (SRAM) in embedded memory applications.
Per the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, the 45 nanometer (45 nm) technology node should refer to the average half-pitch of a memory cell manufactured at around the 2007–2008 time frame.
The 65-nanometer (65 nm) process is advanced lithographic node used in volume CMOS semiconductor fabrication.
The 90 nanometer (90 nm) process refers to the level of CMOS process technology that was reached in the 2004–2005 timeframe, by most leading semiconductor companies, like Intel, AMD, Infineon, Texas Instruments, IBM, and TSMC.
CELL, Cell BE, Cell Broadband Engine, Cell Broadband Engine Architecture, Cell CPU, Cell Computer, Cell Microprocessor, Cell Processor, Cell architecture, Cell chip, Cell microchip, Cell microprocessor, Cell processor, Cell workstation, Element Interconnect Bus, IBM Cell, Power Processor Element, PowerXCell, Ps3 cpu, Sti processor, Synergistic Processing Elements (Cell), Synergistic Processing Unit, Synergistic Processor Element, Synergistic processing element.