62 relations: Absolute zero, Anders Celsius, Astronomer, Atmosphere (unit), Atmospheric pressure, BBC Weather, Boiling point, Carl Linnaeus, Conversion of units of temperature, Degree of frost, Degree symbol, Don Rittner, Dry ice, Dyne, Encyclopædia Britannica, Fahrenheit, Gallium, General Conference on Weights and Measures, Gradian, Heat capacity, Human body temperature, Infobase Publishing, International Bureau of Weights and Measures, International Committee for Weights and Measures, International System of Units, International Temperature Scale of 1990, Interval (mathematics), Jean-Pierre Christin, Kelvin, Kibibyte, Liberia, Liquid nitrogen, Lyon, Manhattan, Mebibyte, Mercure de France, Mercury-in-glass thermometer, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Neuchâtel, New York City, Paris, Pascal (unit), Properties of water, Réaumur scale, Round-trip format conversion, Scale of temperature, SI base unit, SI derived unit, Square metre, Sublimation (phase transition), ..., Sweden, Temperature, Temperature measurement, Thermodynamic temperature, Triple point, Uncertainty, Unicode, Unicode compatibility characters, Unicode equivalence, United States, University of Uppsala Botanical Garden, Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water. Expand index (12 more) » « Shrink index
Absolute zero is the lower limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reach their minimum value, taken as 0.
Anders Celsius (27 November 170125 April 1744) was a Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
The standard atmosphere (symbol: atm) is a unit of pressure defined as.
Atmospheric pressure, sometimes also called barometric pressure, is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth (or that of another planet).
BBC Weather is the BBC's department in charge of preparing and broadcasting weather forecasts.
The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the pressure surrounding the liquid and the liquid changes into a vapor.
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.
This is a compendium of temperature conversion formulas and comparisons among eight different temperature scales, several of which have long been obsolete.
A degree of frost is a non-standard unit of measure for air temperature meaning degrees below melting point (also known as "freezing point") of water (0 degrees Celsius or 32 degrees Fahrenheit).
The degree symbol (°) is a typographical symbol that is used, among other things, to represent degrees of arc (e.g. in geographic coordinate systems), hours (in the medical field), degrees of temperature, alcohol proof, or diminished quality in musical harmony.
Don Rittner is an American historian, archeologist, environmental activist, educator, and author living in the Capital District, Schenectady County, New York.
Dry ice, sometimes referred to as "cardice" (chiefly by British chemists), is the solid form of carbon dioxide.
The dyne (symbol dyn, from Greek δύναμις, dynamis, meaning power, force) is a derived unit of force specified in the centimetre–gram–second (CGS) system of units, a predecessor of the modern SI.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Dutch-German-Polish physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736).
Gallium is a chemical element with symbol Ga and atomic number 31.
The General Conference on Weights and Measures (Conférence générale des poids et mesures – CGPM) is the supreme authority of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (Bureau international des poids et mesures – BIPM), the inter-governmental organization established in 1875 under the terms of the Metre Convention (Convention du Mètre) through which Member States act together on matters related to measurement science and measurement standards.
The gradian is a unit of measurement of an angle, equivalent to \frac of a turn, \frac of a degree, or \frac of a radian.
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.
Normal human body temperature, also known as normothermia or euthermia, is the typical temperature range found in humans.
Infobase Publishing is an American publisher of reference book titles and textbooks geared towards the North American library, secondary school, and university-level curriculum markets.
The International Bureau of Weights and Measures (Bureau international des poids et mesures) is an intergovernmental organization established by the Metre Convention, through which Member States act together on matters related to measurement science and measurement standards.
The International Committee for Weights and Measures (abbreviated CIPM from the French Comité international des poids et mesures) consists of eighteen persons, each of a different nationality, from Member States of the Metre Convention (Convention du Mètre) appointed by the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) whose principal task is to promote worldwide uniformity in units of measurement by taking direct action or by submitting proposals to the CGPM.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
The International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90) published by the Consultative Committee for Thermometry (CCT) of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) is an equipment calibration standard for making measurements on the Kelvin and Celsius temperature scales.
In mathematics, a (real) interval is a set of real numbers with the property that any number that lies between two numbers in the set is also included in the set.
Jean-Pierre Christin (May 31, 1683 – January 19, 1755) was a French physicist, mathematician, astronomer and musician.
The Kelvin scale is an absolute thermodynamic temperature scale using as its null point absolute zero, the temperature at which all thermal motion ceases in the classical description of thermodynamics.
The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
Liquid nitrogen is nitrogen in a liquid state at an extremely low temperature.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
The mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The Mercure de France was originally a French gazette and literary magazine first published in the 17th century, but after several incarnations has evolved as a publisher, and is now part of the Éditions Gallimard publishing group.
The mercury-in-glass or mercury thermometer was invented by physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in Amsterdam (1714).
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
Neuchâtel, or Neuchatel; (neu(f) "new" and chatel "castle" (château); Neuenburg; Neuchâtel; Neuchâtel or Neufchâtel)The city was also called Neuchâtel-outre-Joux (Neuchâtel beyond Joux) to distinguish it from another Neuchâtel in Burgundy, now Neuchâtel-Urtière.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
The Réaumur scale (°Ré, °Re, °r), also known as the "octogesimal division", is a temperature scale for which the freezing and boiling points of water are defined as 0 and 80 degrees respectively.
The term round-trip is commonly used in document conversion particularly involving markup languages such as XML and SGML.
Scale of temperature is a way to measure temperature quantitatively.
The International System of Units (SI) defines seven units of measure as a basic set from which all other SI units can be derived.
SI derived units are units of measurement derived from the seven base units specified by the International System of Units (SI).
The square metre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures) or square meter (American spelling) is the SI derived unit of area, with symbol m2 (Unicode character). It is the area of a square whose sides measure exactly one metre.
Sublimation is the transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase, without passing through the intermediate liquid phase.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Temperature measurement, also known as thermometry, describes the process of measuring a current local temperature for immediate or later evaluation.
Thermodynamic temperature is the absolute measure of temperature and is one of the principal parameters of thermodynamics.
In thermodynamics, the triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which the three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium.
Uncertainty has been called "an unintelligible expression without a straightforward description".
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
In Unicode and the UCS, a compatibility character is a character that is encoded solely to maintain round trip convertibility with other, often older, standards.
Unicode equivalence is the specification by the Unicode character encoding standard that some sequences of code points represent essentially the same character.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Uppsala Botanical Garden (in Swedish Botaniska trädgården), near Uppsala Castle, is the principal botanical garden belonging to Uppsala University.
Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (VSMOW) is a water standard defining the isotopic composition of fresh water.
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