67 relations: Aluminium, Amalgam (chemistry), Antimony trisulfide, Barium nitrate, Brass, Cartridge (firearms), Charles William Lancaster, Copper, Diazodinitrophenol, Edward Mounier Boxer, Eley Brothers, Explosive material, Firing pin, Frankford Arsenal, Green bullet, Gunpowder, Handloading, Hang fire, Headstamp, Hiram Berdan, Hydraulics, Hygroscopy, Incandescence, Jean Samuel Pauly, Lead styphnate, Lead(II) azide, Lead(II) thiocyanate, Lever action, Mercury (element), Mercury(II) fulminate, Muzzleloader, Percussion cap, Picatinny Arsenal, Pistol, Potassium carbonate, Potassium chlorate, Potassium chloride, Potassium perchlorate, Primer (firearms), Rat-shot, Revolver, Rifle, Rimfire ammunition, Royal Arsenal, Shotgun, Shotgun shell, Smokeless powder, Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute, Tetrazene, TNT, ..., United States Army, Wildcat cartridge, William C. Davis Jr., Winchester Short Magnum, Zinc, .221 Remington Fireball, .223 Remington, .30-06 Springfield, .308 Winchester, .357 Magnum, .38 Special, .45 ACP, .454 Casull, .458 Lott, .50 BMG, 6.5×54mm Mannlicher–Schönauer, 7.62×51mm NATO. Expand index (17 more) » « Shrink index
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
An amalgam is an alloy of mercury with another metal, which may be a liquid, a soft paste or a solid, depending upon the proportion of mercury.
Antimony trisulfide (Sb2S3) is found in nature as the crystalline mineral stibnite and the amorphous red mineral metastibnite.
Barium nitrate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ba(NO3)2.
Brass is a metallic alloy that is made of copper and zinc.
A cartridge is a type of firearm ammunition packaging a projectile (bullet, shots or slug), a propellant substance (usually either smokeless powder or black powder) and an ignition device (primer) within a metallic, paper or plastic case that is precisely made to fit within the barrel chamber of a breechloading gun, for the practical purpose of convenient transportation and handling during shooting.
Charles William Lancaster (1820–1878) was an English gun maker and improver of rifles and cannon.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
Diazodinitrophenol (DDNP) was the first diazo compound produced; it was subsequently used to make dyes and explosives.
Edward Mounier Boxer (1822-1898) was an English inventor.
Eley Brothers were a manufacturer of firearms cartridges at the Eley's Cartridge Factory, located in Edmonton and bordered by the River Lee Navigation and the Great Eastern Railway at Angel Road.
An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.
A firing pin or striker is part of the firing mechanism used in a firearm or explosive device e.g. an M14 landmine or bomb fuze.
The Frankford Arsenal is a former United States Army ammunition plant located adjacent to the Bridesburg neighborhood of Northeast Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, north of the original course of Frankford Creek.
Green bullet, green ammunition or green ammo are nicknames for a United States Department of Defense program to eliminate the use of hazardous materials from small arms ammunition and from small arms ammunition manufacturing.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Handloading or reloading is the process of loading firearm cartridges or shotgun shells by assembling the individual components (case/hull, primer, powder, and bullet/shot), rather than purchasing completely assembled, factory-loaded ammunition.
Hang fire refers to an unexpected delay between the triggering of a firearm and the ignition of the propellant.
A headstamp is the markings on the bottom of a cartridge case designed for a firearm.
Hiram Berdan (September 6, 1824 – March 31, 1893) was an American engineer, inventor and military officer, world-renowned marksman, and guiding force behind and commanding colonel of the famed United States Volunteer Sharpshooter Regiments during the American Civil War.
Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
Incandescence is the emission of electromagnetic radiation (including visible light) from a hot body as a result of its temperature.
Jean Samuel Pauly (1766 – c.1821), born Samuel Johannes Pauli, was a Swiss inventor and gunsmith of the early 19th century.
Lead styphnate (lead 2,4,6-trinitroresorcinate, C6HN3O8Pb), whose name is derived from styphnic acid, is an explosive used as a component in primer and detonator mixtures for less sensitive secondary explosives.
Lead azide (Pb(N3)2) is an inorganic compound.
Lead(II) thiocyanate is a compound, more precisely a salt, with the formula Pb(SCN)2.It is a white crystalline solid, but will turn yellow upon exposure to light.
Lever action is a type of firearm action which uses a lever located around the trigger guard area (often including the trigger guard itself) to load fresh cartridges into the chamber of the barrel when the lever is worked.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
Mercury(II) fulminate, or Hg(CNO)2, is a primary explosive.
A muzzleloader is any firearm into which the projectile and usually the propellant charge is loaded from the muzzle of the gun (i.e., from the forward, open end of the gun's barrel).
The percussion cap, introduced circa 1820, is a type of single-use ignition device used on muzzleloading firearms that enabled them to fire reliably in any weather conditions.
The Picatinny Arsenal is an American military research and manufacturing facility located on of land in Jefferson and Rockaway Township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States, encompassing Picatinny Lake and Lake Denmark.
A pistol is a type of handgun.
Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, which is soluble in water (insoluble in ethanol) and forms a strongly alkaline solution.
Potassium chlorate is a compound containing potassium, chlorine and oxygen atoms, with the molecular formula KClO3.
Potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine.
Potassium perchlorate is the inorganic salt with the chemical formula KClO4.
In firearms, the primer is a component of handgun cartridges, rifle cartridges and shotgun shells, and is responsible for initiating the propellant combustion that will push the projectiles out of the gun barrel.
Rat-shot (or snake shot) is very small lead shot (typically #12 – 1.3 mm (0.05")) loaded in cartridges for use in rifled firearms as opposed to more traditional smoothbores such as shotguns.
A revolver (also called a wheel gun) is a repeating handgun that has a revolving cylinder containing multiple chambers and at least one barrel for firing.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
Rimfire is a method of ignition for metallic firearm cartridges as well as the cartridges themselves.
The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich carried out armaments manufacture, ammunition proofing, and explosives research for the British armed forces at a site on the south bank of the River Thames in Woolwich in south-east London, England, United Kingdom.
A shotgun (also known as a scattergun, or historically as a fowling piece) is a firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder, which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number of small spherical pellets called shot, or a solid projectile called a slug.
A shotgun shell is a self-contained cartridge typically loaded with multiple metallic "shot", which are small, generally spherical projectiles.
Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.
The Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute (SAAMI, pronounced "Sammy") is an association of American firearms and ammunition manufacturers.
Tetrazene is a chemical compound with the molecular formula N4H4.
Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or more specifically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
A wildcat cartridge, often shortened to wildcat, is a custom cartridge for which ammunition and/or firearms are not mass-produced.
William C. Davis Jr. (1921–2010) was an American ballistics engineer, best remembered as a writer and editor on ballistics for the American Rifleman, published by the National Rifle Association.
Winchester Short Magnum, or WSM, refers to a family of rebated rim bottlenecked centerfire short magnum cartridges developed in the early 2000s by the U.S. Repeating Arms Company, the maker of Winchester rifles and one of the oldest firearms manufacturers in the United States.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
The.221 Remington Fireball is a centerfire cartridge created by Remington Arms Company in 1963 as a special round for use in their experimental single-shot bolt-action pistol, the XP-100.
The.223 Remington (.223 Rem) is a rifle cartridge.
The.30-06 Springfield cartridge (pronounced "thirty-aught-six" or "thirty-oh-six"), 7.62×63mm in metric notation and called ".30 Gov't '06" by Winchester, was introduced to the United States Army in 1906 and later standardized; it remained in use until the early 1980s.
The.308 Winchester (pronounced: "three-oh-eight") is a rimless, bottlenecked rifle cartridge and is the commercial cartridge from which the 7.62×51mm NATO round was derived.
The.357 S&W Magnum (9×33mmR), or simply.357 Magnum, is a revolver cartridge with a.357-inch (9.07 mm) bullet diameter.
The.45 ACP (Automatic Colt Pistol), or.45 Auto (11.43×23mm) is a handgun cartridge designed by John Browning in 1905, for use in his prototype Colt semi-automatic pistol.
The.454 Casull (/kə'sul/) is a firearm cartridge, developed as a wildcat cartridge in 1957 by Dick Casull and Jack Fullmer.
The.458 Lott is a.458 caliber belted hunting cartridge designed as a replacement for the less powerful.458 Winchester Magnum.
The.50 Browning Machine Gun (.50 BMG, 12.7×99mm NATO and designated as the 50 Browning by the C.I.P.) is a cartridge developed for the Browning.50 caliber machine gun in the late 1910s.
The 6.5×54mm Mannlicher–Schönauer also known as 6.5×54 Mannlicher–Schönauer Greek is a 6.5 mm (.264" cal.) rifle cartridge used in the Mannlicher–Schönauer rifle.
The 7.62×51mm NATO (official NATO nomenclature 7.62 NATO) is a rimless bottlenecked rifle cartridge developed in the 1950s as a standard for small arms among NATO countries.