58 relations: Acceleration, Analytical mechanics, Angular velocity, Applied mechanics, Bertrand's theorem, Cartesian coordinate system, Central force, Centrifugal force, Centripetal (disambiguation), Chain rule, Christiaan Huygens, Circular motion, Classical mechanics, Coriolis force, Cross product, Curvature, Dot product, Dynamics (mechanics), Eskimo yo-yo, Euclidean vector, Euler force, Fictitious force, Force, Frenet–Serret formulas, Friction, Gravitational acceleration, Gravity, History of centrifugal and centripetal forces, Inertia, Isaac Newton, Kinematics, Kinetics (physics), Latin, Lorentz factor, Magnetic field, Mechanics of planar particle motion, Momentum, Net force, Normal force, Orbit, Orbital Mechanics for Engineering Students, Orbital period, Orthogonal coordinates, Orthogonality, Osculating circle, Planet, Point particle, Polar coordinate system, Radius of curvature, Reactive centrifugal force, ..., Right-hand rule, Satellite, Statics, Tangential and normal components, Trigonometric functions, Unit vector, Velocity, Wall of death. Expand index (8 more) » « Shrink index
In physics, acceleration is the rate of change of velocity of an object with respect to time.
In theoretical physics and mathematical physics, analytical mechanics, or theoretical mechanics is a collection of closely related alternative formulations of classical mechanics.
In physics, the angular velocity of a particle is the rate at which it rotates around a chosen center point: that is, the time rate of change of its angular displacement relative to the origin.
Applied mechanics (also engineering mechanics) is a branch of the physical sciences and the practical application of mechanics.
In classical mechanics, Bertrand's theorem states that among central force potentials with bound orbits, there are only two types of central force potentials with the property that all bound orbits are also closed orbits: (1) an inverse-square central force such as the gravitational or electrostatic potential and (2) the radial harmonic oscillator potential The theorem was discovered by and named for the French mathematician Joseph Bertrand (1822-1900).
A Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system that specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances to the point from two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length.
In classical mechanics, a central force on an object is a force that is directed along the line joining the object and the origin: where \scriptstyle \vec is the force, F is a vector valued force function, F is a scalar valued force function, r is the position vector, ||r|| is its length, and \scriptstyle \hat.
In Newtonian mechanics, the centrifugal force is an inertial force (also called a "fictitious" or "pseudo" force) directed away from the axis of rotation that appears to act on all objects when viewed in a rotating frame of reference.
Centripetal usually refers to centripetal force, a force that keeps a body on a curved path.
In calculus, the chain rule is a formula for computing the derivative of the composition of two or more functions.
Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.
In physics, circular motion is a movement of an object along the circumference of a circle or rotation along a circular path.
Classical mechanics describes the motion of macroscopic objects, from projectiles to parts of machinery, and astronomical objects, such as spacecraft, planets, stars and galaxies.
In physics, the Coriolis force is an inertial force that acts on objects that are in motion relative to a rotating reference frame.
In mathematics and vector algebra, the cross product or vector product (occasionally directed area product to emphasize the geometric significance) is a binary operation on two vectors in three-dimensional space \left(\mathbb^3\right) and is denoted by the symbol \times.
In mathematics, curvature is any of a number of loosely related concepts in different areas of geometry.
In mathematics, the dot product or scalar productThe term scalar product is often also used more generally to mean a symmetric bilinear form, for example for a pseudo-Euclidean space.
Dynamics is the branch of applied mathematics (specifically classical mechanics) concerned with the study of forces and torques and their effect on motion, as opposed to kinematics, which studies the motion of objects without reference to these forces.
Eskimo yo-yo or Alaska yo-yo (Yup'ik: yuuyuuk) is a traditional two-balled bolas-like fur-covered two padded poi type yo-yo skill toy played and performed by the Eskimo-speaking Alaska Natives, such as Inupiat, Siberian Yupik, and Yup'ik.
In mathematics, physics, and engineering, a Euclidean vector (sometimes called a geometric or spatial vector, or—as here—simply a vector) is a geometric object that has magnitude (or length) and direction.
In classical mechanics, the Euler force is the fictitious tangential force that is felt in reaction to any angular acceleration.
A fictitious force (also called a pseudo force, d'Alembert force, or inertial force) is an apparent force that acts on all masses whose motion is described using a non-inertial frame of reference, such as a rotating reference frame.
In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.
In differential geometry, the Frenet–Serret formulas describe the kinematic properties of a particle moving along a continuous, differentiable curve in three-dimensional Euclidean space ℝ3, or the geometric properties of the curve itself irrespective of any motion.
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.
In physics, gravitational acceleration is the acceleration on an object caused by the force of gravitation.
Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another.
In physics, the history of centrifugal and centripetal forces illustrates a long and complex evolution of thought about the nature of forces, relativity, and the nature of physical laws.
Inertia is the resistance of any physical object to any change in its position and state of motion.
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
Kinematics is a branch of classical mechanics that describes the motion of points, bodies (objects), and systems of bodies (groups of objects) without considering the mass of each or the forces that caused the motion.
In physics and engineering, kinetics is the branch of classical mechanics that is concerned with the relationship between motion and its causes, specifically, forces and torques.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Lorentz factor or Lorentz term is the factor by which time, length, and relativistic mass change for an object while that object is moving.
A magnetic field is a vector field that describes the magnetic influence of electrical currents and magnetized materials.
This article describes a particle in planar motionSee for example,, when observed from non-inertial reference frames.
In Newtonian mechanics, linear momentum, translational momentum, or simply momentum (pl. momenta) is the product of the mass and velocity of an object.
possible to determine the torque associated with the point of application of a net force so that it maintains the movement of jets of the object under theassociated torque, the net force, becomes the resultant force and has the same effect on the rotational mott as all actual forces taken together.
In mechanics, the normal force F_n\ is that component of the contact force that is perpendicular to the surface that an object contacts.
In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.
Orbital Mechanics for Engineering Students is an aerospace engineering textbook by Howard D. Curtis, in its third edition.
The orbital period is the time a given astronomical object takes to complete one orbit around another object, and applies in astronomy usually to planets or asteroids orbiting the Sun, moons orbiting planets, exoplanets orbiting other stars, or binary stars.
In mathematics, orthogonal coordinates are defined as a set of d coordinates q.
In mathematics, orthogonality is the generalization of the notion of perpendicularity to the linear algebra of bilinear forms.
In differential geometry of curves, the osculating circle of a sufficiently smooth plane curve at a given point p on the curve has been traditionally defined as the circle passing through p and a pair of additional points on the curve infinitesimally close to p. Its center lies on the inner normal line, and its curvature is the same as that of the given curve at that point.
A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or stellar remnant that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity, is not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion, and has cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals.
A point particle (ideal particle or point-like particle, often spelled pointlike particle) is an idealization of particles heavily used in physics.
In mathematics, the polar coordinate system is a two-dimensional coordinate system in which each point on a plane is determined by a distance from a reference point and an angle from a reference direction.
In differential geometry, the radius of curvature,, is the reciprocal of the curvature.
In classical mechanics, a reactive centrifugal force forms part of an action–reaction pair with a centripetal force.
In mathematics and physics, the right-hand rule is a common mnemonic for understanding orientation conventions for the vector cross product in three dimensions.
In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an artificial object which has been intentionally placed into orbit.
Statics is the branch of mechanics that is concerned with the analysis of loads (force and torque, or "moment") acting on physical systems that do not experience an acceleration (a.
In mathematics, given a vector at a point on a curve, that vector can be decomposed uniquely as a sum of two vectors, one tangent to the curve, called the tangential component of the vector, and another one perpendicular to the curve, called the normal component of the vector.
In mathematics, the trigonometric functions (also called circular functions, angle functions or goniometric functions) are functions of an angle.
In mathematics, a unit vector in a normed vector space is a vector (often a spatial vector) of length 1.
The velocity of an object is the rate of change of its position with respect to a frame of reference, and is a function of time.
The Wall of Death, motordrome, silodrome or Well of Death is a carnival sideshow featuring a silo- or barrel-shaped wooden cylinder, typically ranging from in diameter and made of wooden planks, inside which motorcyclists, or the drivers of miniature automobiles, travel along the vertical wall and perform stunts, held in place by friction and centrifugal force.