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Centurion (tank)

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The Centurion was the primary British main battle tank of the post-Second World War period. [1]

213 relations: AMX-13, Angola, Anti-tank mine, Armoured personnel carrier, Armoured recovery vehicle, Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers, Associated Equipment Company, Australia, Australian Army, Austria, Bailey bridge, Battle of Asal Uttar, Battle of Chawinda, Battle of Coral–Balmoral, Battle of the Imjin River, Beach armoured recovery vehicle, Bedford QL, Besa machine gun, BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun, BL 7.2-inch howitzer, Black September, Bougainville Campaign, British Army, British Army of the Rhine, Browning machine gun, Bulldozer, Busan, Canada, Canal Defence Light, Centurion ARV Mk II, Challenger tank, Chassis, Chieftain (tank), Christie suspension, Churchill tank, Claude Gibb, Comet (tank), Commonwealth of Nations, Conqueror (tank), Continental AV1790, Cromwell tank, Cruiser tank, Cuba, Cupola, David Brown Ltd., Dawsar, Denmark, Diesel engine, Donald Dunstan (governor), Egypt, ..., Eland Mk7, Elswick, Tyne and Wear, Emu Field, South Australia, Ewen Southby-Tailyour, Falklands War, Fascine, Fellow of the Royal Society, Fire support base, Fire-control system, FN MAG, Gaza City, Giant Viper, Glacis, Golan Heights, Governors of the Australian states, Gulf War, Gun mantlet, Hebron, High-explosive squash head, Horstmann suspension, Hugh Stockwell, Hussein of Jordan, Hydraulics, I Corps (United States), III Corps (South Vietnam), India, Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Infantry tank, Iraq, Israel, Israel Defense Forces, John W. O'Daniel, Jordan, Korean War, Kuwait, Lancashire, Land Systems OMC, Lebanon, Leopard 1, Leopard 2, Leyland Motors, Lulworth Ranges, Lusaka Accords, M1 Abrams, M113 armored personnel carrier, M1919 Browning machine gun, M2 Browning, M3 Stuart, M47 Patton, M48 Patton, M60 AVLB, M60 Patton, Main battle tank, Malkara (missile), Marksman anti-aircraft system, Merkava, Military engineering vehicle, Mutual Defense Assistance Act, Nagmachon, Nakpadon, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nuclear weapons testing, Nui Dat, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Askari, Operation Granby, Operation Moduler, Operation Motorman, Operation Packer, Operation Savannah (Angola), Operation Totem, Order of the British Empire, Ordnance QF 17-pounder, Ordnance QF 20-pounder, Ordnance QF 25-pounder, Ordnance QF 95 mm howitzer, P. W. Botha, Palmerston, Northern Territory, Panther tank, People's Armed Forces of Liberation of Angola, People's Army of Vietnam, Philips, Prototype, Puma armored engineering vehicle, Ratel IFV, Reactive armour, Rheinmetall MG 3, Robertson Barracks, Rocket-propelled grenade, ROF Leeds, Rolls-Royce Meteor, Ronald Lawrence Hughes, Rover Company, Royal Arsenal, Royal Australian Armoured Corps, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Royal Jordanian Air Force, Royal Jordanian Army, Royal Marines, Royal Ordnance Factory, Royal Ordnance L7, Royal Ordnance L9, Second Battle of the Hook, Sho't, Shock wave, Singapore, Six-Day War, Somalia, South Africa, South African Border War, South African National Defence Force, South Australia, Spotting rifle, Staff (military), Stridsvagn 103, Stridsvagn 122, SU-100, Suez Crisis, Sweden, Swedish Armed Forces, Swedish Army, Switzerland, T-34, T-54/T-55, T-62, Tank destroyer, Temperature, TNT equivalent, Torsion bar suspension, Torsten Nilsson, Transmission (mechanics), United Kingdom, United Nations Security Council Resolution 418, Valley of Tears, Vickers, Vietnam, Vietnam War, War of Attrition, War Office, Weapon mount, West Bank, World War II, Yom Kippur War, .30-06 Springfield, .50 BMG, 1978 South Lebanon conflict, 1982 Lebanon War, 1st Armoured Regiment (Australia), 1st Australian Task Force, 1st Royal Tank Regiment, 20 mm Polsten, 2006 Lebanon War, 29th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 32 Engineer Regiment (United Kingdom), 5th Royal Tank Regiment, 61 Mechanised Battalion Group, 6th Royal Tank Regiment, 7th Armored Brigade (Israel), 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41, 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars. Expand index (163 more) »


The AMX-13 is a French light tank produced from 1952 to 1987.

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Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.

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Anti-tank mine

An anti-tank mine (abbreviated to "AT mine") is a type of land mine designed to damage or destroy vehicles including tanks and armored fighting vehicles.

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Armoured personnel carrier

An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.

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Armoured recovery vehicle

An armoured recovery vehicle (ARV) is typically a powerful tank or armoured personnel carrier (APC) chassis modified for use during combat for towing or repair of battle-damaged, stuck, and/or inoperable armoured fighting vehicles, such as tanks and armoured personnel carriers (APCs).

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Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers

Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers (AVRE), also known as Assault Vehicle Royal Engineers is the title given to a series of armoured military engineering vehicles operated by the Royal Engineers (RE) for the purpose of protecting engineers during frontline battlefield operations.

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Associated Equipment Company

Associated Equipment Company (AEC) was a British vehicle manufacturer that built buses, motorcoaches and lorries from 1912 until 1979.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Australian Army

The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.

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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Bailey bridge

The Bailey bridge is a type of portable, pre-fabricated, truss bridge.

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Battle of Asal Uttar

The Battle of Asal Uttar (Hindi: आसल उत्ताड़ असल उत्तर नहीं, Punjabi: ਆਸਲ ਉਤਾੜ) was one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

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Battle of Chawinda

The Battle of Chawinda was a part of the Sialkot Campaign in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.

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Battle of Coral–Balmoral

The Battle of Coral–Balmoral (12 May – 6 June 1968) was a series of actions fought during the Vietnam War between the 1st Australian Task Force (1 ATF) and the North Vietnamese 7th Division and Viet Cong Main Force units, north-east of Saigon.

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Battle of the Imjin River

For the similarly named battle during the Imjin War, see Battle of Imjin River (1592).

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Beach armoured recovery vehicle

A beach armoured recovery vehicle (BARV) is an armoured recovery vehicle used for amphibious landings.

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Bedford QL

The Bedford QL was a series of trucks, manufactured by Bedford for use by the British Armed Forces in the Second World War.

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Besa machine gun

The Besa machine gun was a British version of the Czechoslovak ZB-53 air-cooled, belt-fed machine gun, which in the Czechoslovak army was marked as the TK vz.

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BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun

The BL 5.5 inch Gun was a British artillery gun introduced during the middle of the Second World War to equip medium batteries.

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BL 7.2-inch howitzer

The BL 7.2-inch howitzer was a heavy artillery piece used by the British Army throughout World War II.

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Black September

Black September (أيلول الأسود; Aylūl Al-Aswad) was the conflict fought in Jordan between the Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF), under the leadership of King Hussein, and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), under the leadership of Yasser Arafat, primarily between 16 and 27 September 1970, with certain actions continuing until 17 July 1971.

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Bougainville Campaign

The Bougainville Campaign was a series of land and naval battles of the Pacific campaign of World War II between Allied forces and the Empire of Japan.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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British Army of the Rhine

There have been two formations named British Army of the Rhine (BAOR).

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Browning machine gun

Browning machine guns are a family of machine gun designs by John Browning, a prolific weapon designer.

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A bulldozer is a crawler (continuous tracked tractor) equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade) used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, or other such material during construction or conversion work and typically equipped at the rear with a claw-like device (known as a ripper) to loosen densely compacted materials.

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Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Canal Defence Light

The Canal Defence Light (CDL) was a British "secret weapon" of the Second World War.

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Centurion ARV Mk II

The Centurion ARV Mk II, was a British armoured recovery vehicle based on the Centurion main battle tank.

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Challenger tank

There have been three tanks named Challenger in British military service.

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A chassis (plural chassis) is the internal framework of an artificial object, which supports the object in its construction and use.

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Chieftain (tank)

The FV4201 Chieftain was the main battle tank of the United Kingdom during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. The main battle tank was further improved by being the first tank in service to incorporate the Chobham armour upgrades. A development of the Centurion, the Chieftain introduced the supine (reclining backwards) driver position to British design enabling a heavily sloped hull with reduced height. A new powerpack and improved transmission gave it higher speed than the Centurion despite being heavier due to major upgrades to armour protection and the armament. It remained in service until replaced by the Challenger 1 which shared a large number of the Chieftain's features.

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Christie suspension

The Christie suspension is a suspension system developed by American engineer J. Walter Christie for his tank designs.

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Churchill tank

The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.

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Claude Gibb

Claude Dixon Gibb KCBE FRS DSc PhD ME(Adel) FSASM AMIEAust (29 June 1898 – 15 January 1959) was a South Australian engineer with a considerable career in Great Britain.

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Comet (tank)

The Comet tank or Tank, Cruiser, Comet I (A34) was a British cruiser tank that first saw use near the end of the Second World War.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Conqueror (tank)

The FV 214 Conqueror, also known as "Tank, Heavy No.

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Continental AV1790

The Continental AV1790 is an American V-12 engine used in tanks.

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Cromwell tank

The Cromwell tank, officially Tank, Cruiser, Mk VIII, Cromwell (A27M), was one of the series of cruiser tanks fielded by Britain in the Second World War.

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Cruiser tank

The cruiser tank (also called cavalry tank or fast tank) was a British tank concept of the interwar period for tanks designed to function as modernised armoured and mechanised cavalry.

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Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.

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In architecture, a cupola is a relatively small, most often dome-like, tall structure on top of a building.

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David Brown Ltd.

David Brown Engineering Limited is an English engineering company, principally engaged in the manufacture of gears and gearboxes.

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Dawsar (دواسر) is a heavily armored personnel carrier developed by King Abdullah Design and Development Bureau.

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Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Diesel engine

The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).

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Donald Dunstan (governor)

Lieutenant General Sir Donald Beaumont Dunstan (18 February 1923 – 15 October 2011) was an Australian Army officer who was Governor of South Australia from 23 April 1982 until 5 February 1991.

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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Eland Mk7

The Eland is an air portable light armoured car based on the Panhard AML.

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Elswick, Tyne and Wear

Elswick is a ward of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, in the western part of the city, bordering the River Tyne.

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Emu Field, South Australia

Emu Field is located in the desert of South Australia, at (ground zero Totem 1 test).

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Ewen Southby-Tailyour

Lieutenant-Colonel Ewen Southby-Tailyour OBE is an author, sailor, and retired Royal Marine.

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Falklands War

The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

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A fascine is a rough bundle of brushwood or other material used for strengthening an earthen structure, or making a path across uneven or wet terrain.

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Fellow of the Royal Society

Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".

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Fire support base

A fire support base (FSB, firebase or FB) is a temporary military encampment to provide artillery fire support to infantry operating in areas beyond the normal range of fire support from their own base camps.

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Fire-control system

A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target.

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The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier.

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Gaza City

Gaza (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998),, p. 761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". غزة,; Ancient Ġāzā), also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of 515,556, making it the largest city in the State of Palestine.

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Giant Viper

The Giant Viper is a trailer-mounted, vehicle-pulled, mine clearance system, designed to be deployed in areas containing land mines.

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A glacis in military engineering is an artificial slope as part of a medieval castle or in early modern fortresses.

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Golan Heights

The Golan Heights (هضبة الجولان or مرتفعات الجولان, רמת הגולן), or simply the Golan, is a region in the Levant, spanning about.

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Governors of the Australian states

The governors of the Australian states are the representatives of Australia's monarch in each of Australia's six states.

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Gulf War

The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

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Gun mantlet

A gun mantlet is an armour plate or shield attached to an armoured fighting vehicle's gun, protecting the opening through which the weapon's barrel projects from the hull or turret armour and, in many cases, ensuring the vulnerable warhead of a loaded shell does not protrude past the vehicle's armour.

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Hebron (الْخَلِيل; חֶבְרוֹן) is a Palestinian.

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High-explosive squash head

High-explosive squash head (HESH) is a type of explosive ammunition that is effective against tank armour and is also useful against buildings.

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Horstmann suspension

Horstmann suspension is a type of tracked suspension devised by the British engineer Sidney Horstmann in 1922.

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Hugh Stockwell

General Sir Hugh Charles Stockwell, (16 June 1903 – 27 November 1986) was a senior British Army officer most remembered for commanding the Anglo-French ground forces during the Suez Crisis and his service as Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe of NATO from 1960 to 1964.

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Hussein of Jordan

Hussein bin Talal (الحسين بن طلال, Al-Ḥusayn ibn Ṭalāl; 14 November 1935 – 7 February 1999) reigned as King of Jordan from 11 August 1952 until his death.

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Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.

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I Corps (United States)

I Corps "America's Corps" is a corps of the United States Army headquartered in Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington.

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III Corps (South Vietnam)

III Corps was a corps of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), the army of the nation state of South Vietnam that existed from 1955 to 1975.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 was a culmination of skirmishes that took place between April 1965 and September 1965 between Pakistan and India. The conflict began following Pakistan's Operation Gibraltar, which was designed to infiltrate forces into Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against Indian rule. India retaliated by launching a full-scale military attack on West Pakistan. The seventeen-day war caused thousands of casualties on both sides and witnessed the largest engagement of armored vehicles and the largest tank battle since World War II. Hostilities between the two countries ended after a United Nations-mandated ceasefire was declared following diplomatic intervention by the Soviet Union and the United States, and the subsequent issuance of the Tashkent Declaration. Much of the war was fought by the countries' land forces in Kashmir and along the border between India and Pakistan. This war saw the largest amassing of troops in Kashmir since the Partition of British India in 1947, a number that was overshadowed only during the 2001–2002 military standoff between India and Pakistan. Most of the battles were fought by opposing infantry and armoured units, with substantial backing from air forces, and naval operations. Many details of this war, like those of other Indo-Pakistani Wars, remain unclear. India had the upper hand over Pakistan when the ceasefire was declared. "Satisfied that it had secured a strategic and psychological victory over Pakistan by frustrating its attempt to seize Kashmir by force, when the UN resolution was passed, India accepted its terms... with Pakistan's stocks of ammunition and other essential supplies all but exhausted, and with the military balance tipping steadily in India's favour." "Losses were relatively heavy—on the Pakistani side, twenty aircraft, 200 tanks, and 3,800 troops. Pakistan's army had been able to withstand Indian pressure, but a continuation of the fighting would only have led to further losses and ultimate defeat for Pakistan." Quote: The invading Indian forces outfought their Pakistani counterparts and halted their attack on the outskirts of Lahore, Pakistan's second-largest city. By the time the United Nations intervened on 22 September, Pakistan had suffered a clear defeat. Although the two countries fought to a standoff, the conflict is seen as a strategic and political defeat for Pakistan, "... the war itself was a disaster for Pakistan, from the first failed attempts by Pakistani troops to precipitate an insurgency in Kashmir to the appearance of Indian artillery within range of Lahore International Airport." – U.S. Department of State, – Interview with Steve Coll in United States House of Representatives 12 September 1994South Asia in World Politics By Devin T. Hagerty, 2005 Rowman & Littlefield,, p. 26 as it had neither succeeded in fomenting insurrection in Kashmir "... after some initial success, the momentum behind Pakistan's thrust into Kashmir slowed, and the state's inhabitants rejected exhortations from the Pakistani insurgents to join them in taking up arms against their Indian "oppressors." Pakistan's inability to muster support from the local Kashmiri population proved a disaster, both militarily and politically." nor had it been able to gain meaningful support at an international level. "Mao had decided that China would intervene under two conditions—that India attacked East Pakistan, and that Pakistan requested Chinese intervention. In the end, neither of them obtained." Internationally, the war was viewed in the context of the greater Cold War, and resulted in a significant geopolitical shift in the subcontinent. Before the war, the United States and the United Kingdom had been major material allies of both India and Pakistan, as their primary suppliers of military hardware and foreign developmental aid. During and after the conflict, both India and Pakistan felt betrayed by the perceived lack of support by the western powers for their respective positions; those feelings of betrayal were increased with the imposition of an American and British embargo on military aid to the opposing sides. As a consequence, India and Pakistan openly developed closer relationships with the Soviet Union and China, respectively. The perceived negative stance of the western powers during the conflict, and during the 1971 war, has continued to affect relations between the West and the subcontinent. In spite of improved relations with the U.S. and Britain since the end of the Cold War, the conflict generated a deep distrust of both countries within the subcontinent which to an extent lingers to this day."In retrospect, it is clear that the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 represented a watershed in the West's association with the subcontinent.""By extending the Cold War into South Asia, however, the United States did succeed in disturbing the subcontinent's established politico-military equilibrium, undermining British influence in the region, embittering relations between India and Pakistan and, ironically, facilitating the expansion of communist influence in the developing world." "The legacy of the Johnson arms cut-off remains alive today. Indians simply do not believe that America will be there when India needs military help... the legacy of the U.S. "betrayal" still haunts U.S.-Pakistan relations today.".

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Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in East Pakistan from 3 December 1971 to the fall of Dacca (Dhaka) on 16 December 1971.

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Infantry tank

The infantry tank was a concept developed by the United Kingdom and France in the years leading up to World War II.

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Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

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Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

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Israel Defense Forces

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF; צְבָא הַהֲגָנָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל, lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel"; جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي), commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel.

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John W. O'Daniel

Lieutenant General John Wilson O'Daniel (February 15, 1894 – March 27, 1975), nicknamed "Iron Mike", was a senior United States Army officer who served in World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.

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Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.

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Korean War

The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).

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Kuwait (الكويت, or), officially the State of Kuwait (دولة الكويت), is a country in Western Asia.

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Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.

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Land Systems OMC

Land Systems OMC is a South African company that produces a range of armoured vehicles which have been successfully exported and are in service with, amongst others, the U.S., Canadian and South African militaries.

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Lebanon (لبنان; Lebanese pronunciation:; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese RepublicRepublic of Lebanon is the most common phrase used by Lebanese government agencies.

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Leopard 1

The Leopard (or Leopard 1) is a main battle tank designed and produced in West Germany that first entered service in 1965.

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Leopard 2

The Leopard 2 is a main battle tank developed by Krauss-Maffei in the 1970s for the West German Army.

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Leyland Motors

Leyland Motors Limited was a British vehicle manufacturer of lorries, buses and trolleybuses.

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Lulworth Ranges

The Lulworth Ranges are military firing ranges located between Wareham and Lulworth in Dorset, England.

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Lusaka Accords

The Lusaka Accords of 1984 declared a ceasefire between Angola and South Africa during the Angolan Civil War and South African Border War, agreed to a withdrawal of South African troops from Angola, and established a commission to oversee the treaty's implementation.

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M1 Abrams

The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank named for General Creighton Abrams.

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M113 armored personnel carrier

The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed by Food Machinery Corp (FMC).

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M1919 Browning machine gun

The M1919 Browning is a.30 caliber medium machine gun that was widely used during the 20th century, especially during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War.

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M2 Browning

The M2 Machine Gun or Browning.50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed toward the end of World War I by John Browning.

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M3 Stuart

The M3 Stuart, officially Light Tank, M3, was an American light tank of World War II.

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M47 Patton

The M47 Patton was an American main battle tank, a development of the M46 Patton mounting an updated turret, and was in turn further developed as the M48 Patton.

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M48 Patton

The M48 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) that was designed in the United States.

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The M60 AVLB is an armored vehicle based on the M60 Patton main battle tank chassis used for the launching and retrieval of a scissors-type bridge.

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M60 Patton

The M60 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) introduced in December 1960.

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Main battle tank

A main battle tank (MBT), also known as a battle tank or universal tank, is a tank that fills the armor-protected direct fire and maneuver role of many modern armies.

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Malkara (missile)

The Malkara (from an Aboriginal word for "shield") was one of the earliest guided anti-tank missiles (ATGMs).

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Marksman anti-aircraft system

Marksman is a British short range air defense system developed by Marconi, consisting of a turret, a Marconi Series 400 radar and two Swiss Oerlikon 35 mm anti-aircraft autocannons.

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The Merkava (מרכבה (IPA:, "chariot") is a main battle tank used by the Israel Defense Forces. The tank began development in 1970, and entered official service in 1978. Four main variants of the tank have been deployed. It was first used extensively in the 1982 Lebanon War. The name "Merkava" was derived from the IDF's initial development program name. Design criteria include rapid repair of battle damage, survivability, cost-effectiveness and off-road performance. Following the model of contemporary self-propelled howitzers, the turret assembly is located closer to the rear than in most main battle tanks. With the engine in front, this layout is intended to grant additional protection against a frontal attack, so as to absorb some of the force of incoming shells, especially for the personnel in the main hull, such as the driver. It also creates more space in the rear of the tank that allows increased storage capacity and a rear entrance to the main crew compartment allowing easy access under enemy fire. This allows the tank to be used as a platform for medical disembarkation, a forward command and control station, and an infantry fighting vehicle. The rear entrance's clamshell-style doors provide overhead protection when off- and on-loading cargo and personnel. It was reportedly decided shortly before the beginning of the 2006 Lebanon War that the Merkava line would be discontinued within four years. However, on November 7, 2006, Haaretz reported that an Israeli General staff assessment had ruled of the Merkava Mark IV that "if properly deployed, the tank can provide its crew with better protection than in the past", and deferred the decision on discontinuing the line. On August 16, 2013, Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon announced the decision to resume production of the Merkava main battle tank for the IDF Armored Corps.

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Military engineering vehicle

A military engineering vehicle is a vehicle built for the construction work or for the transportation of combat engineers on the battlefield.

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Mutual Defense Assistance Act

The Mutual Defense Assistance Act was a United States Act of Congress signed by President Harry S. Truman on 6 October 1949.

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Nagmachon is a heavily armoured infantry fighting vehicle fielded by the Israel Defense Forces.

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Nakpadon or Nikpadon is an Israeli heavy armored personnel carrier (HAPC) based on the Centurion-derived Nagmachon.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nuclear weapons testing

Nuclear weapons tests are experiments carried out to determine the effectiveness, yield, and explosive capability of nuclear weapons.

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Nui Dat

Nui Dat (Núi Đất) is a former 1st Australian Task Force (1 ATF) base now part of Ba Ria city in Ba Ria–Vung Tau province, Vietnam.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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Operation Askari

Operation Askari was a military operation during 1983 in Angola by the South African Defence Force (SADF) during the South African Border War and Angolan Civil War.

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Operation Granby

Operation GRANBY, commonly abbreviated Op GRANBY, was the code name given to the British military operations during the 1991 Gulf War.

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Operation Moduler

Operation Moduler (sometimes incorrectly called "Modular") was a military operation by the South African Defence Force (SADF) during the South African Border War.

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Operation Motorman

Operation Motorman was a large operation carried out by the British Army (HQ Northern Ireland) in Northern Ireland during the Troubles.

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Operation Packer

Operation Packer was a military operation by the South African Defence Force (SADF) during the South African Border War and Angolan Civil War from March to April 1988.

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Operation Savannah (Angola)

Operation Savannah was the South African Defence Force's 1975–1976 covert intervention in the Angolan War of Independence, and the subsequent Angolan Civil War.

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Operation Totem

Operation Totem was a pair of British atmospheric nuclear tests which took place at Emu Field, South Australia on 15 October 1953.

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Order of the British Empire

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.

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Ordnance QF 17-pounder

The Ordnance Quick-Firing 17-pounder (or just 17-pdr)The British military often used the gun's projectile weight to denote different guns of the same calibre.

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Ordnance QF 20-pounder

The Ordnance QF 20 pounder (known as 20 pounder, 20 pdr or simply 20-pr) was a British 84 mm (3.307 inch) tank gun.

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Ordnance QF 25-pounder

The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.

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Ordnance QF 95 mm howitzer

The Ordnance QF 95-mm howitzer was a British howitzer built in two versions during the Second World War.

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P. W. Botha

Pieter Willem Botha, (12 January 1916 – 31 October 2006), commonly known as "P.

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Palmerston, Northern Territory

Palmerston is situated near Darwin Harbour and had a population of 33,695 at the 2016 census, making it the second largest city in the sparsely populated Northern Territory.

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Panther tank

The Panther is a German medium tank deployed during World War II on the Eastern and Western Fronts in Europe from mid-1943 to the war's end in 1945.

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People's Armed Forces of Liberation of Angola

The People's Armed Forces of Liberation of Angola (Forças Armadas Populares de Libertação de Angola) or FAPLA was originally the armed wing of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) but later (1975–1991) became Angola's official armed forces when the MPLA took control of the government.

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People's Army of Vietnam

The People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; Quân Đội Nhân Dân Việt Nam), also known as the Vietnamese People's Army (VPA), is the military force of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.

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A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.

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Puma armored engineering vehicle

The Puma (Hebrew: פומ"ה פורץ מכשולים הנדסי) is a heavily armored Combat engineering vehicle and armored personnel carrier that the Engineering Corps of the Israeli Defence Forces has used since the early 1990s.

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Ratel IFV

The Ratel is a South African infantry fighting vehicle.

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Reactive armour

Reactive armor is a type of vehicle armor that reacts in some way to the impact of a weapon to reduce the damage done to the vehicle being protected.

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Rheinmetall MG 3

The MG 3 is a German general-purpose machine gun chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge.

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Robertson Barracks

For the Robertson Barracks, Norfolk, England see Robertson Barracks, Norfolk Robertson Barracks is a major Australian Army base located in the Northern Territory of Australia within the suburb of Holtze in the Municipality of Litchfield about east of the Darwin city centre.

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Rocket-propelled grenade

A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.

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ROF Leeds

Royal Ordnance Factory Leeds, first opened in December 1915 and first opened as an ROF in January 1936, it was one of a number of Royal Ordnance Factories created at the start of the Second World War.

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Rolls-Royce Meteor

The Rolls-Royce Meteor and later the Rover Meteor was a British tank engine developed in the Second World War.

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Ronald Lawrence Hughes

Major General Ronald Lawrence Hughes, (17 September 1920 – 2 February 2003) was a senior infantry officer in the Australian Army, seeing service during the Second World War, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

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Rover Company

The Rover Company Limited was a British car manufacturing company that operated from its base in Solihull in Warwickshire.

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Royal Arsenal

The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich carried out armaments manufacture, ammunition proofing, and explosives research for the British armed forces at a site on the south bank of the River Thames in Woolwich in south-east London, England, United Kingdom.

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Royal Australian Armoured Corps

The Royal Australian Armoured Corps (RAAC) is a corps of the Australian Army which provides the Australian Defence Force's armour capability.

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Royal Canadian Armoured Corps

The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (RCAC; Corps blindé royal canadien) is the armoured corps within the Canadian Army, including regular and reserve force regiments.

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Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers

The Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME; pronounced phonetically as "Reemee" with stress on the first syllable) is a corps of the British Army that maintains the equipment that the Army uses.

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Royal Jordanian Air Force

The Royal Jordanian Air Force (RJAF; Arabic: سلاح الجو الملكي الأردني, transliterated Silāḥ ul-Jawu al-Malakī ’al-Urdunī) is the air force of the Jordanian Armed Forces.

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Royal Jordanian Army

The Royal Jordanian Army (Arabic: القوّات البرية الاردنيّة, "Jordanian Ground Forces") is part of the Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF).

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Royal Marines

The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry of the Royal Navy.

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Royal Ordnance Factory

Royal Ordnance Factories (ROFs) was the collective name of the UK government's munitions factories in and after World War II.

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Royal Ordnance L7

The Royal Ordnance L7 is the basic model of Britain's most successful tank gun.

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Royal Ordnance L9

Royal Ordnance L9 is a British short-barrelled 165 mm gun used for combat engineering, particularly the demolition of defences.

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Second Battle of the Hook

The Second Battle of the Hook was a battle fought between 18 and 19 November 1952 during the Korean War between elements of United Nations troops consisting of British troops of the 1st Commonwealth Division and Chinese forces on a vital sector known as the "Hook" position which was the scene of much bitter fighting before and in the ensuing months.

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Sho't (meaning "Whip" in Hebrew) is the Israeli designation of the 105 mm L7 armed Centurion tank, which entered Israeli service in the late 60s.

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Shock wave

In physics, a shock wave (also spelled shockwave), or shock, is a type of propagating disturbance.

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Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Six-Day War

The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب ۱۹٦۷, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.

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Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South African Border War

The South African Border War, also known as the Namibian War of Independence, and sometimes denoted in South Africa as the Angolan Bush War, was a largely asymmetric conflict that occurred in Namibia (then South West Africa), Zambia, and Angola from 26 August 1966 to 21 March 1990.

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South African National Defence Force

The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) comprises the armed forces of South Africa.

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South Australia

South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.

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Spotting rifle

A spotting rifle or ranging gun is a small-calibre rifle used as a sighting device for artillery.

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Staff (military)

A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.

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Stridsvagn 103

The Stridsvagn 103 (Strv 103), "Strv" is the Swedish military abbreviation of stridsvagn, Swedish for tank while the 103 comes from being the third tank in Swedish service to be equipped with a 10 cm gun.

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Stridsvagn 122

Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122) ("Tank 122") is a Swedish main battle tank based on the German Leopard 2.

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The SU-100 (Samokhodnaya Ustanovka 100) was a Soviet tank destroyer armed with a 100 mm anti-tank gun in a casemate superstructure.

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Suez Crisis

The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression (in the Arab world) and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War (in Israel),Also named: Suez Canal Crisis, Suez War, Suez–Sinai war, Suez Campaign, Sinai Campaign, Operation Musketeer (أزمة السويس /‎ العدوان الثلاثي, "Suez Crisis"/ "the Tripartite Aggression"; Crise du canal de Suez; מבצע קדש "Operation Kadesh", or מלחמת סיני, "Sinai War") was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Swedish Armed Forces

The Swedish Armed Forces (Försvarsmakten, literally “Defense Force”) is the government agency that forms the military forces of Sweden, and which is tasked with defence of the country, as well as promoting Sweden's wider interests, supporting international peacekeeping efforts, and providing humanitarian aid.

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Swedish Army

The Swedish Army (Armén) is a branch of the Swedish Armed Forces in which its main responsibility is land operations.

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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank that had a profound and lasting effect on the field of tank design.

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The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of Soviet main battle tanks introduced in the years following the Second World War.

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The T-62 is a Soviet main battle tank that was first introduced 1961.

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Tank destroyer

A tank destroyer or tank hunter is a type of armoured fighting vehicle, armed with a direct-fire artillery gun or missile launcher, with limited operational capacities and designed specifically to engage enemy tanks.

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Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.

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TNT equivalent

TNT equivalent is a convention for expressing energy, typically used to describe the energy released in an explosion.

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Torsion bar suspension

A front VW Beetle suspension cross-section A torsion bar suspension, also known as a torsion spring suspension (not to be confused with a torsion beam rear suspension), is a general term for any vehicle suspension that uses a torsion bar as its main weight-bearing spring.

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Torsten Nilsson

Harald Torsten Leonard Nilsson (1 April 1905 in Nevishög – 14 December 1997 in Stockholm) was a Swedish Social Democratic politician.

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Transmission (mechanics)

A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 418

United Nations Security Council Resolution 418, adopted unanimously on 4 November 1977, imposed a mandatory arms embargo against South Africa.

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Valley of Tears

The Valley of Tears (עֵמֶק הַבָּכָא, Emek HaBakha) is the name given to an area in the Golan Heights after it became the site of a major battle in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, known as the Valley (or Vale) of Tears Battle, which was fought between 6 and 9 October.

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Vickers was a famous name in British engineering that existed through many companies from 1828 until 1999.

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Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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War of Attrition

The War of Attrition (حرب الاستنزاف Ḥarb al-Istinzāf, מלחמת ההתשה Milhemet haHatashah) involved fighting between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, PLO and their allies from 1967 to 1970.

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War Office

The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

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Weapon mount

A weapon mount is a weapon component used to affix an armament for stabilization.

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West Bank

The West Bank (الضفة الغربية; הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit) is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, the bulk of it now under Israeli control, or else under joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority control.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Yom Kippur War

The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War (or מלחמת יום כיפור,;,, or حرب تشرين), also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.

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.30-06 Springfield

The.30-06 Springfield cartridge (pronounced "thirty-aught-six" or "thirty-oh-six"), 7.62×63mm in metric notation and called ".30 Gov't '06" by Winchester, was introduced to the United States Army in 1906 and later standardized; it remained in use until the early 1980s.

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.50 BMG

The.50 Browning Machine Gun (.50 BMG, 12.7×99mm NATO and designated as the 50 Browning by the C.I.P.) is a cartridge developed for the Browning.50 caliber machine gun in the late 1910s.

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1978 South Lebanon conflict

The 1978 South Lebanon conflict (code-named Operation Litani by Israel) was an invasion of Lebanon up to the Litani River, carried out by the Israel Defense Forces in 1978 in response to the Coastal Road massacre.

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1982 Lebanon War

The 1982 Lebanon War, dubbed Operation Peace for Galilee (מבצע שלום הגליל, or מבצע של"ג Mivtsa Shlom HaGalil or Mivtsa Sheleg) by the Israeli government, later known in Israel as the Lebanon War or the First Lebanon War (מלחמת לבנון הראשונה, Milhemet Levanon Harishona), and known in Lebanon as "the invasion" (الاجتياح, Al-ijtiyāḥ), began on 6 June 1982, when the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) invaded southern Lebanon, after repeated attacks and counter-attacks between the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operating in southern Lebanon and the IDF that had caused civilian casualties on both sides of the border.

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1st Armoured Regiment (Australia)

1st Armoured Regiment is an armoured regiment of the Australian Army and is the senior regiment of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps.

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1st Australian Task Force

The 1st Australian Task Force (1 ATF) was a brigade-sized formation which commanded Australian and New Zealand Army units deployed to South Vietnam between 1966 and 1972.

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1st Royal Tank Regiment

The 1st Royal Tank Regiment (1 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army.

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20 mm Polsten

The Polsten was a Polish development of the 20 mm Oerlikon gun.

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2006 Lebanon War

The 2006 Lebanon War, also called the 2006 Israel–Hezbollah War and known in Lebanon as the July War (حرب تموز, Ḥarb Tammūz) and in Israel as the Second Lebanon War (מלחמת לבנון השנייה, Milhemet Levanon HaShniya), was a 34-day military conflict in Lebanon, Northern Israel and the Golan Heights.

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29th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 29th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade unit of the British Army.

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32 Engineer Regiment (United Kingdom)

32 Engineer Regiment RE is a regiment of the British Army's Royal Engineers.

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5th Royal Tank Regiment

5th Royal Tank Regiment (5 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army in existence for 52 years, from 1917 until 1969.

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61 Mechanised Battalion Group

61 Mechanised Battalion Group was a unit of the South African Infantry Corps; although it was classed as mechanized infantry, it was a combined arms force consisting of infantry, armour and artillery.

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6th Royal Tank Regiment

The 6th Royal Tank Regiment (6 RTR) was a regiment of the Royal Tank Regiment, of the British Army, until 1959.

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7th Armored Brigade (Israel)

The 7th Armored Brigade (חטיבה שבע, Hativa Sheva) is a military formation of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF).

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8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41

The 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a German 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II.

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8th King's Royal Irish Hussars

The 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1693.

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Redirects here:

Bärgningsbandvagn 81, Centurion (Tank), Centurion AVRE, Centurion Dozertank, Centurion Mk 5, Centurion Mk 5 NL, Centurion Mk 5/1, Centurion Mk V, Centurion Tank, Centurion avre, Centurion tank, Centurion tanks, FV 3802, FV 3805, FV 4003, FV 4003 Centurion Mk 5, FV 4006, FV 4006 Centurion ARV, Olifant Mk 1A, Olifant tank, Olifant tanks, Stridsvagn 101, Stridsvagn 102, Stridsvagn 104, Stridsvagn 81, Strv 104.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centurion_(tank)

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