129 relations: Absorption (chemistry), Activated carbon, Adsorption, Animal, Animal glue, Arthur Ransome, Atmosphere, Atmosphere of Earth, Binchōtan, Binder (material), Biochar, Biomass briquettes, Blast furnace, Bloomery, Borax, Brazil, Briquette, Carbocatalysis, Carbon, Carbon disulfide, Carbon monoxide, Carbon sequestration, Carbonization, Cast iron, Central Europe, Char cloth, Charcoal, Charcoal (art), Charcoal biscuit, Charcoal burner, Charring, Clay, Coal, Coke (fuel), Combustion, Coppicing, Cyanide, Deforestation, Deforestation in Brazil, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Desiderio Passali, Drawing, Earthscan, England, Finery forge, Finland, Fixative (drawing), Flatulence, Flue, Fossil fuel, ..., Gas mask, Gelatin, German military administration in occupied France during World War II, Germany, Great Britain, Gunpowder, Hardwood, Harz, Henri Moissan, Henry Ford, Horticulture, Hut, Industrial Revolution, International Institute for Environment and Development, Iron, Köte, Kingsford (charcoal), Laboratory, Le quattro volte, Lignite, Limestone, Lumber, Magnesium, Metallurgy, Methanol, Mucociliary clearance, Nitrogen, Odor, Overexploitation, Oxygen, Painting, Pencil, Pig iron, Pigment, Pine, Pre-Columbian era, Pyroligneous acid, Pyrolysis, Raw material, Red colobus, Research, Residue (chemistry), Retort, Sawdust, Scandinavia, Shichirin, Sketch (drawing), Slash-and-char, Smelting, Sodium nitrate, Soil, South America, Starch, Steel, Stuart period, Sugar, Surface area, Swallowdale, Swallows and Amazons, Syngas, Synthetic diamond, Syrup, Tang Zhongming, Tar, Temperature, Terra preta, Toothpaste, Tortillon, Toxin, Vegetation, Virunga National Park, Volume, Weight, Wood, Wood ash, Wood gas, Wood gas generator, World War II, Zambia. Expand index (79 more) » « Shrink index
In chemistry, absorption is a physical or chemical phenomenon or a process in which atoms, molecules or ions enter some bulk phase – liquid or solid material.
Activated carbon, also called activated charcoal, is a form of carbon processed to have small, low-volume pores that increase the surface area available for adsorption or chemical reactions.
Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
An animal glue is an adhesive that is created by prolonged boiling of animal connective tissue.
Arthur Michell Ransome (18 January 1884 – 3 June 1967) was an English author and journalist.
An atmosphere is a layer or a set of layers of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body.
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity.
Binchō-tan (備長炭), also called white charcoal or binchō-zumi, is a type of charcoal traditionally used in Japanese cooking.
A binder or binding agent is any material or substance that holds or draws other materials together to form a cohesive whole mechanically, chemically, by adhesion or cohesion.
Biochar is charcoal used as a soil amendment.
Biomass briquettes are a biofuel substitute to coal and charcoal.
A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper.
A bloomery is a type of furnace once used widely for smelting iron from its oxides.
Borax, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate, is an important boron compound, a mineral, and a salt of boric acid.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
A briquette (or briquet) is a compressed block of coal dust or other combustible biomass material such as charcoal, sawdust, wood chips, peat, or paper used for fuel and kindling to start a fire.
Carbocatalysis is a form of catalysis that uses heterogeneous carbon materials for the transformation or synthesis of organic or inorganic substrates.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon disulfide is a colorless volatile liquid with the formula CS2.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
Carbon sequestration is the process involved in carbon capture and the long-term storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide or other forms of carbon to mitigate or defer global warming.
Carbonization (or carbonisation) is the conversion of an organic substance into carbon or a carbon-containing residue through pyrolysis or destructive distillation.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Char cloth (or charcloth) – also called charpaper – is a material that is used in fire making.
Charcoal is the lightweight black carbon and ash residue hydrocarbon produced by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances.
Artists' charcoal is a form of dry art medium made of finely ground organic materials that are held together by a gum or wax binder or produced without the use of binders by eliminating the oxygen inside the material during the production process.
A charcoal biscuit is a biscuit based on a powdered willow charcoal or activated carbon mixed with ordinary flour, and made into dough with butter, sugar and eggs.
A Charcoal burner is someone whose occupation is to manufacture charcoal.
Charring is a chemical process of incomplete combustion of certain solids when subjected to high heat.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Coke is a fuel with a high carbon content and few impurities, usually made from coal.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
Coppicing is a traditional method of woodland management which exploits the capacity of many species of trees to put out new shoots from their stump or roots if cut down.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
Brazil once had the highest deforestation rate in the world and in 2005 still had the largest area of forest removed annually.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
Desiderio Passali (born 1947) is an Italian doctor and ear, nose and throat professor at the ENT Department of Siena University.
Drawing is a form of visual art in which a person uses various drawing instruments to mark paper or another two-dimensional medium.
Earthscan is an English-language publisher of books and journals on climate change, sustainable development and environmental technology for academic, professional and general readers.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
A finery forge is a hearth used to fine (i.e., produce, refine) wrought iron, through the decarburization of the pig iron.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
In drawing, a fixative is a liquid, similar to varnish, which is usually sprayed over a finished piece of artwork, usually a dry media artwork, to better preserve it and prevent smudging.
Flatulence is defined in the medical literature as "flatus expelled through the anus" or the "quality or state of being flatulent", which is defined in turn as "marked by or affected with gases generated in the intestine or stomach; likely to cause digestive flatulence".
A flue is a duct, pipe, or opening in a chimney for conveying exhaust gases from a fireplace, furnace, water heater, boiler, or generator to the outdoors.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
The gas mask is a mask used to protect the user from inhaling airborne pollutants and toxic gases.
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
The Military Administration in France (Militärverwaltung in Frankreich; Occupation de la France par l'Allemagne) was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Great Britain, also known as Britain, is a large island in the north Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.
The Harz is a Mittelgebirge that has the highest elevations in Northern Germany and its rugged terrain extends across parts of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia.
Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan (28 September 1852 – 20 February 1907) was a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds.
Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants (fruits, vegetables, flowers, and any other cultivar).
A hut is a primitive dwelling, which may be constructed of various local materials.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) is an independent policy research institute (think tank) whose stated mission is to "build a fairer, more sustainable world, using evidence, action and influence in partnership with others." Its director is Dr Andrew Norton.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
A Köte (also Köthe) is the term used in the Harz Mountains of central Germany for a charcoal burner's hut (Köhlerhütte).
Kingsford is a brand of charcoal used for grilling, along with related products.
A laboratory (informally, lab) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.
Le quattro volte ("The Four Times") is an Italian film, made in 2010, about life in the remote mountain town of Caulonia, in southern Italy.
Lignite, often referred to as brown coal, is a soft, brown, combustible, sedimentary rock formed from naturally compressed peat.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.
Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated MeOH).
Mucociliary clearance, also referred to as mucociliary apparatus or mucociliar clearance (MCC), derived from mucus, cilia (cilia of the tracheal surface epithelium in the respiratory tract) and clearance describes the self-clearing mechanism of the bronchi.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
An odor, odour or fragrance is always caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds.
Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a solid surface (support base).
A pencil is a writing implement or art medium constructed of a narrow, solid pigment core inside a protective casing which prevents the core from being broken and/or from leaving marks on the user’s hand during use.
Pig iron is an intermediate product of the iron industry.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
The Pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the American continents, spanning the time of the original settlement in the Upper Paleolithic period to European colonization during the Early Modern period.
Pyroligneous acid, also called wood vinegar or wood acid, is a dark liquid produced by the destructive distillation of wood and other plant materials.
Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere.
A raw material, also known as a feedstock or most correctly unprocessed material, is a basic material that is used to produce goods, finished products, energy, or intermediate materials which are feedstock for future finished products.
Red colobuses are Old World monkeys of the subgenus Piliocolobus in the genus Procolobus.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
In chemistry residue is whatever remains or acts as a contaminant after a given class of events.
In a chemistry laboratory, a retort is a glassware device used for distillation or dry distillation of substances.
Sawdust or wood dust is a by-product or waste product of woodworking operations such as sawing, milling, planing, routing, drilling and sanding.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
The shichirin (literally "seven wheels") is a small charcoal grill.
A sketch (ultimately from Greek σχέδιος – schedios, "done extempore") is a rapidly executed freehand drawing that is not usually intended as a finished work.
Slash-and-char is an alternative to slash-and-burn that has a lesser effect on the environment.
Smelting is a process of applying heat to ore in order to melt out a base metal.
Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
The Stuart period of British history lasted from 1603 to 1714 during the dynasty of the House of Stuart.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
The surface area of a solid object is a measure of the total area that the surface of the object occupies.
Swallowdale is the second book in the Swallows and Amazons series by Arthur Ransome.
Swallows and Amazons is the first book in the ''Swallows and Amazons'' series by English author Arthur Ransome; it was first published in 1930, with the action taking place in the summer of 1929 in the Lake District.
Syngas, or synthesis gas, is a fuel gas mixture consisting primarily of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and very often some carbon dioxide.
A synthetic diamond (also known as an artificial diamond, cultured diamond, or cultivated diamond) is diamond produced in an artificial process, as opposed to natural diamonds, which are created by geological processes.
In cooking, a syrup or sirup (from شراب; sharāb, beverage, wine and sirupus) is a condiment that is a thick, viscous liquid consisting primarily of a solution of sugar in water, containing a large amount of dissolved sugars but showing little tendency to deposit crystals.
Tang Zhongming (Simplified Chinese: 汤仲明, Hanyu pinyin: Tāng Zhòngmíng) (1897–1980) was a Chinese engineer and inventor.
Tar is a dark brown or black viscous liquid of hydrocarbons and free carbon, obtained from a wide variety of organic materials through destructive distillation.
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing hot and cold.
Terra preta (locally, literally "black soil" in Portuguese) is a type of very dark, fertile artificial (anthropogenic) soil found in the Amazon Basin.
Toothpaste is a paste or gel dentifrice used with a toothbrush as an accessory to clean and maintain the aesthetics and health of teeth.
A tortillon (The French name for; or blending stump) is a cylindrical drawing tool, tapered at the end and usually made of rolled paper, used by artists to smudge or blend marks made with charcoal, Conté crayon, pencil or other drawing utensils.
A toxin (from toxikon) is a poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms; synthetic toxicants created by artificial processes are thus excluded.
Vegetation is an assemblage of plant species and the ground cover they provide.
The Virunga National Park (Parc National des Virunga), formerly named Albert National Park, is a National Park that stretches from the Virunga Mountains in the south to the Rwenzori Mountains in the north, in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, bordering Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and Rwenzori Mountains National Park and Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda.
Volume is the quantity of three-dimensional space enclosed by a closed surface, for example, the space that a substance (solid, liquid, gas, or plasma) or shape occupies or contains.
In science and engineering, the weight of an object is related to the amount of force acting on the object, either due to gravity or to a reaction force that holds it in place.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
Wood ash is the residue powder left after the combustion of wood, such as burning wood in a home fireplace or an industrial power plant.
Wood gas is a syngas fuel which can be used as a fuel for furnaces, stoves and vehicles in place of gasoline, diesel or other fuels.
A wood gas generator is a gasification unit which converts timber or charcoal into wood gas, a syngas consisting of atmospheric nitrogen, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, traces of methane, and other gases, which - after cooling and filtering - can then be used to power an internal combustion engine or for other purposes.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.