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Charles Bell

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Sir Charles Bell (12 November 177428 April 1842) was a Scottish surgeon, anatomist, physiologist, neurologist, artist, and philosophical theologian. [1]

72 relations: Alexander Monro (secundus), Anatomy, Battle of Waterloo, Bell's palsy, Bell's phenomenon, Bell–Magendie law, Cambridge University Press, Court of Session, Creator deity, David Allan (painter), Dugald Stewart, Edinburgh, Emotional expression, Eyelid, Facial expression, Facial muscles, Facial nerve, Fellow of the Royal Society, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, George Joseph Bell, Great Windmill Street, Guillain–Barré syndrome, Hallow, Worcestershire, Human, Human eye, Idiopathic disease, James Crichton-Browne, John Bell (surgeon), King's College London, Knight, London, Long thoracic nerve, Middlesex Hospital, Motor neuron, Muscles of respiration, Natural theology, Nerve root, Nervous system, Neurology, Orbicularis oculi muscle, Paralysis, Philosophical theology, Physiology, Richard Owen, Robert Jameson, Robert Knox, Royal Academy of Arts, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Royal College of Surgeons of England, Royal Guelphic Order, ..., Royal High School, Edinburgh, Royal Hospital Haslar, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Royal Medal, Royal Medical Society, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Scotland, Scottish Episcopal Church, Sensory nerve, Society of Writers to Her Majesty's Signet, Spinal nerve, Surgeons' Hall, The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, Thomas Lawrence, Thomas Macknight, United Kingdom, University College London, University of Edinburgh, Wernerian Natural History Society, William Hunter (anatomist), William Wright (botanist), Worcester. Expand index (22 more) »

Alexander Monro (secundus)

Alexander Monro of Craiglockhart and Cockburn (22 May 1733 – 2 October 1817) was a Scottish anatomist, physician and medical educator.

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Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.

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Battle of Waterloo

The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Bell's palsy

Bell's palsy is a type of facial paralysis that results in an inability to control the facial muscles on the affected side.

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Bell's phenomenon

Bell's phenomenon (also known as the palpebral oculogyric reflex) is a medical sign that allows observers to notice an upward and outward movement of the eye, when an attempt is made to close the eyes.

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Bell–Magendie law

In anatomy and neurophysiology, this is the finding that the anterior spinal nerve roots contain only motor fibers and posterior roots only sensory fibers and that nerve impulses are conducted in only one direction in each case.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Court of Session

The Court of Session (Cùirt an t-Seisein; Coort o Session) is the supreme civil court of Scotland, and constitutes part of the College of Justice; the supreme criminal court of Scotland is the High Court of Justiciary.

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Creator deity

A creator deity or creator god (often called the Creator) is a deity or god responsible for the creation of the Earth, world, and universe in human mythology.

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David Allan (painter)

David Allan (13 February 1744 – 6 August 1796) was a Scottish painter and illustrator, best known for historical subjects and genre works.

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Dugald Stewart

Dugald Stewart (22 November 175311 June 1828) was a Scottish philosopher and mathematician.

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Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

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Emotional expression

Emotional expressions in psychology are.

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An eyelid is a thin fold of skin that covers and protects the human eye.

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Facial expression

A facial expression is one or more motions or positions of the muscles beneath the skin of the face.

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Facial muscles

The facial muscles are a group of striated skeletal muscles supplied by the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) that, among other things, control facial expression.

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Facial nerve

The facial nerve is the seventh cranial nerve, or simply cranial nerve VII.

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Fellow of the Royal Society

Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society judges to have made a "substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science".

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Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

Fellowship of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE) is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Scotland judges to be "eminently distinguished in their subject".

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George Joseph Bell

George Joseph Bell (26 March 177023 September 1843) was a Scottish advocate and legal scholar.

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Great Windmill Street

Great Windmill Street is a thoroughfare running north-south in Soho, London.

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Guillain–Barré syndrome

Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rapid-onset muscle weakness caused by the immune system damaging the peripheral nervous system.

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Hallow, Worcestershire

Hallow is a village and civil parish beside the River Severn, about north-west of Worcester in Worcestershire.

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Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

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Human eye

The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.

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Idiopathic disease

An idiopathic disease is any disease with an unknown cause or mechanism of apparently spontaneous origin.

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James Crichton-Browne

Sir James Crichton-Browne MD FRS FRSE (29 November 1840 – 31 January 1938) was a leading British psychiatrist, neurologist and medical psychologist.

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John Bell (surgeon)

John Bell (12 May 176315 April 1820) was a Scottish anatomist and surgeon.

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King's College London

King's College London (informally King's or KCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London.

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A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch, bishop or other political leader for service to the monarch or a Christian Church, especially in a military capacity.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Long thoracic nerve

The long thoracic nerve (external respiratory nerve of Bell; posterior thoracic nerve) supplies the serratus anterior muscle.

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Middlesex Hospital

Middlesex Hospital was a teaching hospital located in the Fitzrovia area of London, England.

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Motor neuron

A motor neuron (or motoneuron) is a neuron whose cell body is located in the motor cortex, brainstem or the spinal cord, and whose axon (fiber) projects to the spinal cord or outside of the spinal cord to directly or indirectly control effector organs, mainly muscles and glands.

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Muscles of respiration

The muscles of respiration are those muscles that contribute to inhalation and exhalation, by aiding in the expansion and contraction of the thoracic cavity.

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Natural theology

Natural theology, once also termed physico-theology, is a type of theology that provides arguments for the existence of God based on reason and ordinary experience of nature.

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Nerve root

A nerve root (Latin: radix nervi) is the initial segment of a nerve leaving the central nervous system.

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Nervous system

The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.

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Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.

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Orbicularis oculi muscle

The orbicularis oculi is a muscle in the face that closes the eyelids.

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Paralysis is a loss of muscle function for one or more muscles.

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Philosophical theology

Philosophical theology is both a branch and form of theology in which philosophical methods are used in developing or analyzing theological concepts.

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Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

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Richard Owen

Sir Richard Owen (20 July 1804 – 18 December 1892) was an English biologist, comparative anatomist and paleontologist.

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Robert Jameson

Robert Jameson Professor Robert Jameson FRS FRSE (11 July 1774 – 19 April 1854) was a Scottish naturalist and mineralogist.

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Robert Knox

Robert Knox, (4 September 1793 – 20 December 1862) was a Scottish anatomist, zoologist, ethologist and doctor.

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Royal Academy of Arts

The Royal Academy of Arts (RA) is an art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly in London.

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Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh

The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (RCSEd) is a professional organisation of surgeons located in Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, within the William Henry Playfair designed Surgeons' Hall and adjoining buildings.

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Royal College of Surgeons of England

The Royal College of Surgeons of England (abbreviated RCS and sometimes RCSEng), is an independent professional body and registered charity promoting and advancing standards of surgical care for patients, regulating surgery, including dentistry, in England and Wales.

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Royal Guelphic Order

The Royal Guelphic Order (Guelphen-Orden), sometimes also referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later King George IV).

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Royal High School, Edinburgh

The Royal High School (RHS) of Edinburgh is a co-educational school administered by the City of Edinburgh Council.

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Royal Hospital Haslar

Founded in the reign of King George I, the Royal Hospital Haslar in Gosport, Hampshire, was one of several hospitals serving the Portsmouth Urban Area, but had previously been the country's foremost – and ultimately last – military hospital.

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Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh

The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, or RIE, often (but incorrectly) known as the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, or ERI, was established in 1729 and is the oldest voluntary hospital in Scotland.

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Royal Medal

A Royal Medal, known also as The King's Medal or The Queen's Medal, depending on the gender of the monarch at the time of the award, is a silver-gilt medal, of which three are awarded each year by the Royal Society, two for "the most important contributions to the advancement of natural knowledge" and one for "distinguished contributions in the applied sciences", done within the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Royal Medical Society

The Royal Medical Society (RMS) is a society run by students at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, Scotland.

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Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scottish Episcopal Church

The seven dioceses of the Scottish Episcopal Church (Eaglais Easbaigeach na h-Alba) make up the ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion in Scotland.

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Sensory nerve

A sensory nerve, also called an afferent nerve, is a nerve that carries sensory information toward the central nervous system (CNS).

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Society of Writers to Her Majesty's Signet

The Society of Writers to Her Majesty’s Signet is a private society of Scottish solicitors, dating back to 1594 and part of the College of Justice.

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Spinal nerve

A spinal nerve is a mixed nerve, which carries motor, sensory, and autonomic signals between the spinal cord and the body.

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Surgeons' Hall

Surgeons' Hall in Edinburgh, Scotland, is the headquarters of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (RCSED).

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The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is Charles Darwin's third major work of evolutionary theory, following On The Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871).

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Thomas Lawrence

Sir Thomas Lawrence PRA FRS (13 April 1769 – 7 January 1830) was a leading English portrait painter and the fourth president of the Royal Academy. Lawrence was a child prodigy. He was born in Bristol and began drawing in Devizes, where his father was an innkeeper. At the age of ten, having moved to Bath, he was supporting his family with his pastel portraits. At eighteen he went to London and soon established his reputation as a portrait painter in oils, receiving his first royal commission, a portrait of Queen Charlotte, in 1790. He stayed at the top of his profession until his death, aged 60, in 1830. Self-taught, he was a brilliant draughtsman and known for his gift of capturing a likeness, as well as his virtuoso handling of paint. He became an associate of the Royal Academy in 1791, a full member in 1794, and president in 1820. In 1810 he acquired the generous patronage of the Prince Regent, was sent abroad to paint portraits of allied leaders for the Waterloo chamber at Windsor Castle, and is particularly remembered as the Romantic portraitist of the Regency. Lawrence's love affairs were not happy (his tortuous relationships with Sally and Maria Siddons became the subject of several books) and, in spite of his success, he spent most of life deep in debt. He never married. At his death, Lawrence was the most fashionable portrait painter in Europe. His reputation waned during Victorian times, but has since been partially restored.

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Thomas Macknight

Thomas Macknight (15 February 1829 – 19 November 1899) was an Anglo-Irish newspaper editor, biographer and publisher.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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University College London

University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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University of Edinburgh

The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.

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Wernerian Natural History Society

The Wernerian Natural History Society (12 January 1808 – 16 April 1858), commonly abbreviated as the Wernerian Society, was a learned society interested in the broad field of natural history, and saw papers presented on various topics such as mineralogy, plants, insects, and scholarly expeditions.

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William Hunter (anatomist)

William Hunter (23 May 1718 – 30 March 1783) was a Scottish anatomist and physician.

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William Wright (botanist)

William Wright (1735–1819) was a Scottish physician and botanist.

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Worcester is a city in Worcestershire, England, southwest of Birmingham, west-northwest of London, north of Gloucester and northeast of Hereford.

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Redirects here:

Bell, Charles, Charles Bell (anatomist), Sir C. Bell, Sir Charles Bell.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Bell

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