88 relations: Affirmation in law, Annie Besant, Archbishop of Canterbury, Atheism, Attorney General for England and Wales, Big Ben, Blasphemy, Bolton, British Raj, Brookwood Cemetery, Charles Darwin, Charles Henry Hopwood, Charles Knowlton, Church of England, Classical liberalism, Conservative Party (UK), Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Criticisms of socialism, Cyril of Alexandria, David Salomons, Dublin, East End of London, Edward VII, Eliza Sharples, Erskine May, Franco-Prussian War, Freethought, George Bernard Shaw, George Holyoake, Hardinge Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury, Harriet Law, Henry Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden, Henry Drummond Wolff, Henry James, 1st Baron James of Hereford, Henry Labouchère, Hoxton, Hypatia, Hypatia Bradlaugh Bonner, Iconoclasm, India, Individualism, Irish Home Rule movement, John Holker, Joseph Pease (railway pioneer), Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Leicester Secular Hall, Leicester Secular Society, Liberal Party (UK), Lionel de Rothschild, London matchgirls strike of 1888, ..., Lord Frederick Cavendish, Lord Randolph Churchill, Luis Emilio Recabarren, Mahatma Gandhi, Maiden speech, Malthusian League, MIT Press, National Reformer, National Secular Society, Northampton, Northampton (UK Parliament constituency), Oath of Allegiance (United Kingdom), Oaths Act 1888, Obscenity, Philip Manfield, Preston (UK Parliament constituency), Pub, Reform League, Republicanism in the United Kingdom, Richard Carlile, Sedition, Serjeant-at-arms, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), Spencer Horatio Walpole, Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, Stockport (UK Parliament constituency), Sunday school, T. P. O'Connor, The Age of Reason, The Times, Thirty-nine Articles, Thomas Paine, Trial, United Kingdom general election, 1880, Universal suffrage, University of Northampton, William Ewart Gladstone, 7th Dragoon Guards. Expand index (38 more) » « Shrink index
In law, an affirmation is a solemn declaration allowed to those who conscientiously object to taking an oath.
Annie Besant, née Wood (1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
Her Majesty's Attorney General for England and Wales, usually known simply as the Attorney General, is one of the Law Officers of the Crown.
Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London and is usually extended to refer to both the clock and the clock tower.
Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable.
Bolton (locally) is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton. Close to the West Pennine Moors, Bolton is northwest of Manchester. It is surrounded by several smaller towns and villages that together form the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, of which Bolton is the administrative centre. The town of Bolton has a population of 139,403, whilst the wider metropolitan borough has a population of 262,400. Historically part of Lancashire, Bolton originated as a small settlement in the moorland known as Bolton le Moors. In the English Civil War, the town was a Parliamentarian outpost in a staunchly Royalist region, and as a result was stormed by 3,000 Royalist troops led by Prince Rupert of the Rhine in 1644. In what became known as the Bolton Massacre, 1,600 residents were killed and 700 were taken prisoner. Bolton Wanderers football club play home games at the Macron Stadium and the WBA World light-welterweight champion Amir Khan was born in the town. Cultural interests include the Octagon Theatre and the Bolton Museum and Art Gallery, as well as one of the earliest public libraries established after the Public Libraries Act 1850.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Brookwood Cemetery, also known as the London Necropolis, is a burial ground in Brookwood, Surrey, England.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Charles Henry Hopwood QC (20 July 1829 – 14 October 1904) was a British politician and judge.
Charles Knowlton (May 10, 1800 – February 20, 1850) was an American physician, atheist, and writer.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria (Coptic: Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ, ti.eklyseya en.remenkimi en.orthodoxos, literally: the Egyptian Orthodox Church) is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, Northeast Africa and the Middle East.
Criticism of socialism refers to any critique of socialist models of economic organization and their feasibility as well as the political and social implications of adopting such a system.
Cyril of Alexandria (Κύριλλος Ἀλεξανδρείας; Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲕⲩⲣⲓⲗⲗⲟⲩ ⲁ̅ also ⲡⲓ̀ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ Ⲕⲓⲣⲓⲗⲗⲟⲥ; c. 376 – 444) was the Patriarch of Alexandria from 412 to 444.
Sir David Salomons, 1st Baronet (22 November 1797 – 18 July 1873) was a leading figure in the 19th century struggle for Jewish emancipation in the United Kingdom.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
The East End of London, usually called the East End, is the historic core of wider East London, east of the Roman and medieval walls of the City of London, and north of the River Thames.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Eliza Sharples (1803—1852) was the first female freethought lecturer in England.
Thomas Erskine May, 1st Baron Farnborough, (8 February 1815 – 17 May 1886) was a British constitutional theorist.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
Freethought (or "free thought") is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma.
George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856 – 2 November 1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist, and political activist.
George Jacob Holyoake (13 April 1817 – 22 January 1906), was a British secularist, co-operator, and newspaper editor.
Hardinge Stanley Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury, PC, KC (3 September 1823 – 11 December 1921) was a leading barrister, politician and government minister.
Harriet Teresa Law (née Frost, 5 November 1831 – 19 July 1897) was a leading British freethinker in 19th-century London.
Henry Bouverie William Brand, 1st Viscount Hampden (24 December 181414 March 1892), was a British Liberal politician.
Sir Henry Drummond Charles Wolff (1830 – 11 October 1908), known as Henry Drummond Wolff or H. Drummond Wolff, was an English diplomat and Conservative Party politician, who started as a clerk in the Foreign Office.
Henry James, 1st Baron James of Hereford, (30 October 1828 – 18 August 1911), known as Sir Henry James between 1873 and 1895, was an Anglo-Welsh lawyer and statesman.
Henry Du Pré Labouchère (9 November 1831 – 15 January 1912) was an English politician, writer, publisher and theatre owner in the Victorian and Edwardian eras.
Hoxton is an area of East London, part of the London Borough of Hackney, England.
Hypatia (born 350–370; died 415 AD) was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician, who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, then part of the Eastern Roman Empire.
Hypatia Bradlaugh Bonner (31 March 1858 – 25 August 1935) was a British peace activist, author, atheist and freethinker, and the daughter of Charles Bradlaugh.
IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.
The Irish Home Rule movement was a movement that campaigned for self-government for Ireland within the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Sir John Holker QC (1828 – 24 May 1882) was a British lawyer and politician.
Joseph Pease (22 June 1799 – 8 February 1872) was a proponent and supporter of the earliest public railway system in the world and was the first Quaker permitted to take his seat in Parliament.
The Journal of Interdisciplinary History is a peer-reviewed academic journal published four times a year by the MIT Press.
Leicester Secular Hall is a Grade II listed building built in 1881 for the city's Secular Society.
Leicester Secular Society is the world's oldest Secular Society.
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom – with the opposing Conservative Party – in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Lionel Nathan Freiherr de Rothschild (22 November 1808 – 3 June 1879) was a British banker, politician and philanthropist who was a member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England.
The London matchgirls’ strike of 1888 was a famous industrial action by the women and teenage girls working at the Bryant and May Factory in Bow.
Lord Frederick Charles Cavendish (30 November 1836 – 6 May 1882) was an English Liberal politician and protégé of the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone.
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 184924 January 1895) was a British statesman.
Luis Emilio Recabarren Serrano (July 6, 1876 – December 19, 1924) was a Chilean political figure.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
A maiden speech is the first speech given by a newly elected or appointed member of a legislature or parliament.
The Malthusian League was a British organisation which advocated the practice of contraception and the education of the public about the importance of family planning.
The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).
The National Reformer was a secularist weekly publication in 19th century Britain, noted for providing a longstanding "strong, radical voice" in its time, advocating Atheism.
The National Secular Society (NSS) is a British campaigning organisation that promotes secularism and the separation of church and state.
Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England.
Northampton was a parliamentary constituency (centred on the town of Northampton), which existed until 1974.
The Oath of Allegiance (Judicial or Official Oath) is a promise to be loyal to the British monarch, and his or her heirs and successors, sworn by certain public servants in the United Kingdom, and also by newly naturalised subjects in citizenship ceremonies.
The Oaths Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. c.46) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which set out provisions whereby the oath of allegiance taken to the Sovereign may be solemnly affirmed rather than sworn to God.
An obscenity is any utterance or act that strongly offends the prevalent morality of the time.
Sir Moses Philip Manfield (1819 - 1899) was an English shoe manufacturer and politician based in Northampton.
Preston is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Sir Mark Hendrick, a member of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party.
A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.
The Reform League was established in 1865 to press for manhood suffrage and the ballot in Great Britain.
Republicanism in the United Kingdom is the political movement that seeks to replace the United Kingdom's monarchy with a republic.
Richard Carlile (8 December 1790 – 10 February 1843) was an important agitator for the establishment of universal suffrage and freedom of the press in the United Kingdom.
Sedition is overt conduct, such as speech and organization, that tends toward insurrection against the established order.
A serjeant-at-arms, or sergeant-at-arms is an officer appointed by a deliberative body, usually a legislature, to keep order during its meetings.
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
Spencer Horatio Walpole (11 September 1806 – 22 May 1898) was a British Conservative Party politician who served three times as Home Secretary in the administrations of Lord Derby.
Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh, (27 October 1818 – 12 January 1887), known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885, was a British Conservative politician.
Stockport is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1992 by Ann Coffey, a member of the Labour Party.
A Sunday School is an educational institution, usually (but not always) Christian, which catered to children and other young people who would be working on weekdays.
Thomas Power O'Connor (5 October 1848 – 18 November 1929), known as T. P. O'Connor and occasionally as Tay Pay (mimicking his own pronunciation of the initials T. P.), was a journalist, an Irish nationalist political figure, and a member of parliament (MP) in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for nearly fifty years.
The Age of Reason; Being an Investigation of True and Fabulous Theology is a work by English and American political activist Thomas Paine, arguing for the philosophical position of Deism.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Thirty-nine Articles of Religion (commonly abbreviated as the Thirty-nine Articles or the XXXIX Articles) are the historically defining statements of doctrines and practices of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation.
Thomas Paine (born Thomas Pain; – In the contemporary record as noted by Conway, Paine's birth date is given as January 29, 1736–37. Common practice was to use a dash or a slash to separate the old-style year from the new-style year. In the old calendar, the new year began on March 25, not January 1. Paine's birth date, therefore, would have been before New Year, 1737. In the new style, his birth date advances by eleven days and his year increases by one to February 9, 1737. The O.S. link gives more detail if needed. – June 8, 1809) was an English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary.
In law, a trial is a coming together of parties to a dispute, to present information (in the form of evidence) in a tribunal, a formal setting with the authority to adjudicate claims or disputes.
The 1880 United Kingdom general election was a general election in the United Kingdom held from 31 March to 27 April 1880.
The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
The University of Northampton is a public university based in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
The 7th (The Princess Royal's) Dragoon Guards was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1688 as Lord Cavendish's Regiment of Horse.