263 relations: Abraham Buford, Acts of Union 1800, American Revolutionary War, Archaeological Survey of India, Archbishop of Canterbury, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Assunpink Creek, Baronet, Battle of Arakere, Battle of Ballinamuck, Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Camden, Battle of Castlebar, Battle of Cowpens, Battle of Germantown, Battle of Guilford Court House, Battle of Kings Mountain, Battle of Long Island, Battle of Lutterberg (1762), Battle of Minden, Battle of Monmouth, Battle of Princeton, Battle of Sullivan's Island, Battle of the Assunpink Creek, Battle of the Chesapeake, Battle of the Nedumkotta, Battle of Trenton, Battle of Villinghausen, Battle of Waxhaws, Battle of Wilhelmsthal, Benares State, Benedict Arnold, Bengal Presidency, Benjamin Lincoln, Bishop of Durham, Brevet (military), British anti-invasion preparations of 1803–05, British Army, British Army during the American Revolutionary War, British people, Captain (armed forces), Carnatic region, Catholic emancipation, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Marquess Cornwallis, Charles I of England, Charles II of England, Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, Charles O'Hara, Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, ..., Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Charles Whitworth, 1st Earl Whitworth, Circuit court, Clare College, Cambridge, Coimbatore district, Cologne, Colonel, Commander-in-Chief, India, Commander-in-Chief, Ireland, Connacht, Constable of the Tower, Cornwallis Code, Courthorpe Clayton, Culford, Culford School, Deccan Plateau, Duke of Wellington's Regiment, Earl Cornwallis, East India Company, East India House, Eastern Command (United Kingdom), Eastern Ghats, Edward Cornwallis, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, England, Ensign (rank), Envoy (title), Eton College, Excellency, Eye (UK Parliament constituency), Eye, Suffolk, Field hockey, Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, Forage War, Fort Cornwallis, Fort Mercer, François Joseph Paul de Grasse, France in the American Revolutionary War, Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings, Frederick Cornwallis, Frederick Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis, Frederick St John, 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke, Frederick the Great, French Revolutionary Wars, Ganges, General (United Kingdom), General officer, Geneva, George III of the United Kingdom, George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland, George Town, Penang, George Washington, Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake, Ghazipur, Ghazipur district, Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, Government Sanskrit College, Varanasi, Governor-General of India, Grapeshot, Grenadier Guards, Grosvenor Square, H. Morse Stephens, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, Henry Clinton (British Army officer, born 1730), Henry Laurens, Henry Townshend (died 1762), Hindu, Horatio Gates, Horse-Shoe Robinson, House of Commons of England, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Lords, India, India Government Mint, Kolkata, Irish Army (Kingdom of Ireland), Irish Rebellion of 1798, Isle of Wight, James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis, Jean Joseph Amable Humbert, Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, John Berkeley, 5th Baron Berkeley of Stratton, John Fiske (philosopher), John Flaxman, John Manners, Marquess of Granby, John Monson, 2nd Baron Monson, John P. Kennedy, John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham, John Pratt, 1st Marquess Camden, John Shore, 1st Baron Teignmouth, John Singleton Copley, John Smart, Justice in eyre, Kathmandu, Kent, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, Kingdom of Mysore, Kolkata, Layham, Lieutenant colonel, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to France, London, Lord George Lennox, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets, Lord of the Bedchamber, Major-general (United Kingdom), Malaysia, Malta, Maratha Empire, Maratha–Mysore War, Master-General of the Ordnance, Mausoleum, Mayfair, Member of parliament, Meritocracy, Muslim, Napoleon, Nathanael Greene, Nawabs of Bengal and Murshidabad, Nepal, New Jersey, New York and New Jersey campaign, New York City, Newport, Rhode Island, Nizam of Hyderabad, Officer (armed forces), Official, Order of the Garter, Oxford University Press, Parliament of Ireland, Penang, Permanent Settlement, Petersburg, Virginia, Philadelphia, Philadelphia campaign, Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Prussia, Pyrrhic victory, R115 road (Ireland), Richard Burton Phillipson, Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, Robert Abercromby of Airthrey, Robert Sloper, Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, Robert Walpole, Royal Hospital School, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Royal Navy, Ryot, Saxony, Second Anglo-Mysore War, Seven Years' War, Ship of the line, Shute Barrington, Siege engine, Siege of Bangalore, Siege of Cassel (1762), Siege of Charleston, Siege of Seringapatam (1792), Siege of Yorktown, Sir George Barlow, 1st Baronet, Sir John Macpherson, 1st Baronet, Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War, Srirangapatna, St Paul's Cathedral, Stamp Act 1765, Suffolk, Suffolk (UK Parliament constituency), Suffolk Regiment, The Most Honourable, The Patriot (2000 film), Third Anglo-Mysore War, Thomas Banks, Thomas Flanagan (writer), Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves, Tipu Sultan, Tom Wilkinson, Tower of London, Travancore, Treaty of Amiens, Treaty of Mangalore, Treaty of Seringapatam, Turin, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United States, University of Cambridge, University of Kent, Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi, Victoria Memorial, Kolkata, Virginia, Virginia Peninsula, War of the Second Coalition, War of the Third Coalition, Washington's Crossing (book), Whigs (British political party), Wicklow Mountains, William Cornwallis, William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, William Medows, William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, William Phillips (British Army officer), William Pitt the Younger, Wilmington, North Carolina, Zamindar, 85th Regiment of Foot (Bucks Volunteers). 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Abraham Buford (July 21, 1747 – June 30, 1833) was a Continental Army officer during the American Revolutionary War, best known as the commanding officer of the American forces at the Battle of Waxhaws.
The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes erroneously referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is a Government of India (Ministry of Culture) organisation responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
Assunpink Creek is a U.S. Geological Survey.
A baronet (or; abbreviated Bart or Bt) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (or; abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a baronetcy, an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown.
The Battle of Arakere was a battle fought near the Mysorean capital city of Seringapatam on 15 May 1791 during the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
The Battle of Ballinamuck (8 September 1798) marked the defeat of the main force of the French incursion during the 1798 Rebellion in Ireland.
The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American army of General George Washington and the British army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777.
The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War (American War of Independence).
The Battle of Castlebar occurred on 27 August 1798 near the town of Castlebar, County Mayo, during the Irish Rising of that year.
The Battle of Cowpens, fought on January 17, 1781, was an engagement between American Colonial forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan and British forces under Sir Banastre Tarleton, as part of the campaign in the Carolinas (North and South).
The Battle of Germantown was a major engagement in the Philadelphia campaign of the American Revolutionary War.
The Battle of Guilford Court House was a battle fought on March 15, 1781, at a site which is now in Greensboro, the county seat of Guilford County, North Carolina, during the American Revolutionary War.
The Battle of Kings Mountain was a military engagement between Patriot and Loyalist militias in South Carolina during the Southern Campaign of the American Revolutionary War, resulting in a decisive victory for the Patriots.
The Battle of Long Island is also known as the Battle of Brooklyn and the Battle of Brooklyn Heights.
In the Second Battle of Lutterberg (23 July 1762), the Franco-Saxon contingent under General the Comte de Lusace were defeated by Prince Ferdinand.
The Battle of Minden—or Tho(r)nhausen—was a decisive engagement during the Seven Years' War, fought on 1 August 1759.
The Battle of Monmouth was an American Revolutionary War battle fought on June 28, 1778, in Monmouth County, New Jersey.
The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey on January 3, 1777.
The Battle of Sullivan's Island or the Battle of Fort Sullivan was fought on June 28, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.
The Battle of the Assunpink Creek, also known as the Second Battle of Trenton, was a battle between American and British troops that took place in and around Trenton, New Jersey, on January 2, 1777, during the American Revolutionary War, and resulted in an American victory.
The Battle of the Chesapeake, also known as the Battle of the Virginia Capes or simply the Battle of the Capes, was a crucial naval battle in the American Revolutionary War that took place near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay on 5 September 1781.
The Battle of the Nedumkotta took place on 28 December 1789, and was a reason for the opening of hostilities in the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
The Battle of Trenton was a small but pivotal battle during the American Revolutionary War which took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey.
The Battle of Villinghausen (or Vellinghausen) was a battle in the Seven Years' War fought on the 15th and 16 July 1761, between a large French army and a combined Prussian-Hanoverian-British force led by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick.
The Battle of Waxhaws (also known as the Waxhaws or Waxhaw massacre, and Buford's massacre) took place during the American Revolutionary War on May 29, 1780, near Lancaster, South Carolina, between a Continental Army force led by Abraham Buford and a mainly Loyalist force led by British officer Banastre Tarleton.
The Battle of Wilhelmsthal (sometimes written as the Battle of Wilhelmstadt) was fought on 24 June 1762 during the Seven Years' War between on one side the allied forces of British, Prussian, Hanover, Brunswick and Hessian troops under the command of the Duke of Brunswick against the French.
Benares or Banaras State was a princely state in what is today India during the British Raj.
Benedict Arnold (Brandt (1994), p. 4June 14, 1801) was a general during the American Revolutionary War who fought heroically for the American Continental Army—then defected to the enemy in 1780.
The Bengal Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Benjamin Lincoln (January 24, 1733 (O.S. January 13, 1732) – May 9, 1810) was an American army officer.
The Bishop of Durham is the Anglican bishop responsible for the Diocese of Durham in the Province of York.
In many of the world's military establishments, a brevet was a warrant giving a commissioned officer a higher rank title as a reward for gallantry or meritorious conduct but without conferring the authority, precedence, or pay of real rank.
British anti-invasion preparations of 1803–05 were the military and civilian responses in the United Kingdom to Napoleon's planned invasion of the United Kingdom.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Army during the American Revolutionary War served for eight years in campaigns fought around the globe.
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.
The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.
The Carnatic region is the region of peninsular South India lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats, in the modern Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and southern Andhra Pradesh.
Catholic emancipation or Catholic relief was a process in the Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in the late 18th century and early 19th century that involved reducing and removing many of the restrictions on Roman Catholics introduced by the Act of Uniformity, the Test Acts and the penal laws.
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis (29 March 170023 June 1762), styled The Honourable Charles Cornwallis until 1722 and known as The Lord Cornwallis between 1722 and 1753, was a British peer.
Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Marquess Cornwallis (19 October 1774 – 9 August 1823), styled Viscount Brome until 1805, was a British Tory politician.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Field Marshal Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, 3rd Duke of Lennox, 3rd Duke of Aubigny, (22 February 1735 – 29 December 1806), styled Earl of March until 1750, was a British Army officer and politician.
General Charles O'Hara (1740 – 25 February 1802) was a British military officer who served in the Seven Years' War, American War of Independence, and French Revolutionary War, and later served as Governor of Gibraltar.
Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, (18 April 167421 June 1738) was an English Whig statesman.
Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, (13 May 1730 – 1 July 1782), styled The Hon.
Charles Whitworth, 1st Earl Whitworth GCB, PC (29 May 1752 – 13 May 1825), known as The Lord Whitworth between 1800 and 1813 and as The Viscount Whitworth between 1813 and 1815, was a British diplomat and politician.
Circuit courts are court systems in several common law jurisdictions.
Clare College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England.
Coimbatore District is a district in the Kongu Nadu region of the state of Tamil Nadu.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
During the period of the British Raj, the Commander-in-Chief, India (often "Commander-in-Chief in or of India") was the supreme commander of the British Indian Army.
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland was title of the commander of British forces in Ireland before 1922.
ConnachtPage five of An tOrdú Logainmneacha (Contaetha agus Cúigí) 2003 clearly lists the official spellings of the names of the four provinces of the country with Connacht listed for both languages; when used without the term 'The province of' / 'Cúige'.
The Constable of the Tower is the most senior appointment at the Tower of London.
The Cornwallis Code is a body of legislation enacted in 1793 by the East India Company to improve the governance of its territories in India.
Culford is a small village about north of Bury St Edmunds in the English county of Suffolk.
Culford School is a coeducational independent day and boarding school for pupils age 1-18 in the village of Culford, four miles north of Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk, England.
The Deccan PlateauPage 46, is a large plateau in western and southern India.
The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, forming part of the King's Division.
Earl Cornwallis was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
East India House was the London headquarters of the East India Company, from which much of British India was governed until the British government took control of the Company's possessions in India in 1858.
Eastern Command was a Command of the British Army.
The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast.
Lieutenant General Edward Cornwallis (5 March 1713 – 14 January 1776) was a British military officer who was a member of the aristocratic Cornwallis family.
The Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg) was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Ensign (Late Middle English, from Old French enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy.
In diplomacy, an envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary, in short an envoy, is, under the terms of the Congress of Vienna of 1815, a diplomat of the second class, ranking between an Ambassador and a Minister Resident.
Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.
Excellency is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy.
Eye was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Eye is a small market town in the north of the English county of Suffolk.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley PC (23 June 1716 – 1 January 1789) was an English lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1756 to 1782 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Grantley.
The Forage War was a partisan campaign consisting of numerous small skirmishes that took place in New Jersey during the American Revolutionary War between January and March 1777, following the battles of Trenton and Princeton.
Fort Cornwallis is a star fort in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, built by the British East India Company in the late 18th century.
Fort Mercer was a fort on the Delaware River in New Jersey constructed by the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.
François Joseph Paul de Grasse (13 September 1722 – 11 January 1788), also known as Comte de Grasse, was a career French officer who achieved the rank of admiral.
French involvement in the American Revolutionary War began in 1775, when France, a rival of the British Empire, secretly shipped supplies to the Continental Army.
Francis Edward Rawdon-Hastings, 1st Marquess of Hastings, KG, PC (9 December 1754 – 28 November 1826), styled The Honourable Francis Rawdon from birth until 1762, as The Lord Rawdon between 1762 and 1783, and known as The Earl of Moira between 1793 and 1816, was an Anglo-Irish British politician and military officer who served as Governor-General of India from 1813 to 1823.
Frederick Cornwallis (5 March 1713 – 19 March 1783) was Archbishop of Canterbury, and the twin brother of Edward Cornwallis.
Frederick Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis (14 March 1610/1 – January 1662) was an English peer, MP and Privy Counsellor.
Frederick St John, 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke, 3rd Viscount St John was born on 21 December 1732.
Frederick II (Friedrich; 24 January 171217 August 1786) was King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786, the longest reign of any Hohenzollern king.
The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802 and resulting from the French Revolution.
The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820.
George Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland KG, PC (9 January 1758 – 19 July 1833), known as Viscount Trentham from 1758 to 1786, as Earl Gower from 1786 to 1803 and as The Marquess of Stafford from 1803 to 1833, was an English politician, diplomat, landowner and patron of the arts from the Leveson-Gower family.
George Town, the capital city of the Malaysian state of Penang, is located at the northeastern tip of Penang Island.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
General Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake (27 July 1744 – 20 February 1808) was a British general.
Ghazipur (previously spelled Ghazeepore, Gauspur, and Ghazipour), is a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Ghazipur district (Ghāzīpur) is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India.
Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette (6 September 1757 – 20 May 1834), in the United States often known simply as Lafayette, was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War.
Government Sanskrit College was the first college in Benaras.
The Governor-General of India (or, from 1858 to 1947, officially the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, commonly shortened to Viceroy of India) was originally the head of the British administration in India and, later, after Indian independence in 1947, the representative of the Indian head of state.
In artillery, grapeshot is a type of shot that is not one solid element, but a mass of small metal balls or slugs packed tightly into a canvas bag.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
Grosvenor Square is a large garden square in the Mayfair district of London.
Halifax, officially known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.
Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, (30 May 1757 – 15 February 1844) was a British statesman who served as Prime Minister from 1801 to 1804.
General Sir Henry Clinton, KB, MP (16 April 1730 – 23 December 1795) was a British army officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1772 and 1795.
Henry Laurens (December 8, 1792) was an American merchant, slave trader, and rice planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War.
Henry Townshend (1736–1762), was an English politician.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Horatio Lloyd Gates (July 26, 1727April 10, 1806) was a retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War.
Horse-Shoe Robinson: A Tale of the Tory Ascendency is an 1835 novel by John P. Kennedy that was a popular seller in its day.
The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England (which incorporated Wales) from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The India Government Mint, Kolkata was first established in 1757, and was located in a building next to the Black Hole in the old fort – where the GPO (General Post Office) stands today.
The Irish establishment refers to the crown armies stationed in the Kingdom of Ireland between 1542 and 1801.
The Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Éirí Amach 1798), also known as the United Irishmen Rebellion (Éirí Amach na nÉireannach Aontaithe), was an uprising against British rule in Ireland lasting from May to September 1798.
The Isle of Wight (also referred to informally as The Island or abbreviated to IOW) is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England.
James Cornwallis, 4th Earl Cornwallis (25 February 1743 – 20 January 1824) was a British clergyman, and peer.
General Jean Joseph Amable Humbert (22 August 1767 – 3 January 1823) was a French soldier, a participant in the French Revolution, who led a failed invasion of Ireland to assist Irish patriots in 1798.
Marshal Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1 July 1725 – 10 May 1807) was a French nobleman and general who played a major role in helping the Thirteen Colonies win independence during the American Revolution.
John Berkeley, 5th Baron Berkeley of Stratton (16 May 1697 – 18 April 1773), styled The Honourable John Berkeley until 1741, was a British politician, the last of the Bruton branch of the Berkeley family.
John Fiske (March 30, 1842 – July 4, 1901) was an American philosopher and historian.
John Flaxman R.A. (6 July 1755 – 7 December 1826) was a British sculptor and draughtsman, and a leading figure in British and European Neoclassicism.
Lieutenant-General John Manners, Marquess of Granby (2 January 1721 – 18 October 1770) was a British soldier and the eldest son of the 3rd Duke of Rutland.
John Monson, 2nd Baron Monson (23 July 1727 – 23 July 1774) was a British officeholder.
John Pendleton Kennedy (October 25, 1795 – August 18, 1870) was an American novelist and Whig politician who served as United States Secretary of the Navy from July 26, 1852 to March 4, 1853, during the administration of President Millard Fillmore, and as a U.S. Representative from Maryland's 4th congressional district.
General John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham, (9 October 1756 – 24 September 1835) was a British soldier and politician.
John Jeffreys Pratt, 1st Marquess Camden, (11 February 17598 October 1840), styled Viscount Bayham from 1786 to 1794 and known as The Earl Camden from 1794 to 1812, was a British politician.
John Shore, 1st Baron Teignmouth (5 October 1751 – 14 February 1834) was a British official of the East India Company who served as Governor-General of Bengal from 1793 to 1797.
John Singleton Copley (1738 – September 9, 1815) was an Anglo-American painter, active in both colonial America and England.
John Smart (c. 1740–1811), was an English painter of portrait miniatures.
In English law, the Justices in Eyre were the highest magistrates in medieval forest law, and presided over the court of justice-seat, a triennial court held to punish offenders against the forest law and enquire into the state of the forest and its officers (eyre, meaning "circuit", refers to the movement of the court between the different royal forests).
Kathmandu (काठमाडौं, ये:. Yei, Nepali pronunciation) is the capital city of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
The Kingdom of Ireland (Classical Irish: Ríoghacht Éireann; Modern Irish: Ríocht Éireann) was a nominal state ruled by the King or Queen of England and later the King or Queen of Great Britain that existed in Ireland from 1542 until 1800.
The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom in southern India, traditionally believed to have been founded in 1399 in the vicinity of the modern city of Mysore.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Layham is a small village and a civil parish in southern Suffolk, England, situated between the town of Hadleigh and the neighbouring village of Raydon.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The Ambassador of the United Kingdom to France (French: L'Ambassadeur britannique en France) is the United Kingdom's foremost diplomatic representative in France, and is the head of Britain's diplomatic mission in Paris.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
General Lord George Henry Lennox (29 November 1737 – 25 March 1805) was a British Army officer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1761 to 1790.
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland was the title of the chief governor of Ireland from the Williamite Wars of 1690 till the Partition of Ireland in 1922.
This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets.
A Lord of the Bedchamber, previously known as a Gentleman of the Bedchamber was a courtier in the Royal Household of the King of the United Kingdom and the Prince of Wales.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that dominated much of the Indian subcontinent in the 17th and 18th century.
The Maratha–Mysore War was a conflict in the 18th century India, between the Maratha Empire and the Kingdom of Mysore.
The Master-General of the Ordnance (MGO) was a very senior British military position from 1415 to 2013 (except 1855-1895 and 1939-1958) with some changes to the name, usually held by a serving general.
A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people.
Mayfair is an affluent area in the West End of London towards the east edge of Hyde Park, in the City of Westminster, between Oxford Street, Regent Street, Piccadilly and Park Lane.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Meritocracy (merit, from Latin mereō, and -cracy, from Ancient Greek κράτος "strength, power") is a political philosophy which holds that certain things, such as economic goods or power, should be vested in individuals on the basis of talent, effort and achievement, rather than factors such as sexuality, race, gender or wealth.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Nathanael Greene (June 19, 1786, sometimes misspelled Nathaniel) was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783).
The Nawabs of Bengal (full title, the Nawab Nizam of Bengal and Orissa) were the rulers of the then provinces of Bengal and Orissa.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The New York and New Jersey campaign was a series of battles in 1776 and the winter months of 1777 for control of New York City and the state of New Jersey during the American Revolutionary War between British forces under General Sir William Howe and the Continental Army under General George Washington.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Newport is a seaside city on Aquidneck Island in Newport County, Rhode Island, United States.
The Nizam of Hyderabad (Nizam-ul-Mulk, also known as Asaf Jah) was a monarch of the Hyderabad State, now divided into Telangana state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka and Marathwada region of Maharashtra.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either their own or that of their superior and/or employer, public or legally private).
The Order of the Garter (formally the Most Noble Order of the Garter) is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry (though in precedence inferior to the military Victoria Cross and George Cross) in England and the United Kingdom.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Parliament of Ireland was the legislature of the Lordship of Ireland, and later the Kingdom of Ireland, from 1297 until 1800.
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.
The Permanent Settlement, also known as the Permanent Settlement of Bengal, was an agreement between the East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land, with far-reaching consequences for both agricultural methods and productivity in the entire British Empire and the political realities of the Indian countryside.
Petersburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
The Philadelphia campaign (1777–1778) was a British initiative in the American Revolutionary War to gain control of Philadelphia, which was then the seat of the Second Continental Congress.
Philip Yorke, 3rd Earl of Hardwicke KG, PC, FRS (31 May 1757 – 18 November 1834), known as Philip Yorke until 1790, was a British politician.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (Frederick Augustus; 16 August 1763 – 5 January 1827) was the second son of George III, King of the United Kingdom and Hanover, and his consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
A Pyrrhic victory is a victory that inflicts such a devastating toll on the victor that it is tantamount to defeat.
The R115 road is a regional road in counties Dublin and Wicklow in Ireland.
Richard Burton Phillipson (c. 1723–1792) was a British soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1762 and 1792.
Richard Colley Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (20 June 1760 – 26 September 1842) was an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator.
General Sir Robert Abercromby (21 October 17403 November 1827), the youngest brother of Sir Ralph Abercromby, was a general in the army, a knight of the Bath, and at one period the Governor of Bombay and Commander-in-Chief of the Bombay Army and then Commander-in-Chief, India.
General Sir Robert Sloper KB (8 May 1729 – 18 August 1802) was Commander-in-Chief, India.
Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry, (18 June 1769 – 12 August 1822), usually known as Lord Castlereagh, which is derived from his courtesy title Viscount Castlereagh,The name Castlereagh derives from the baronies of Castlereagh (or Castellrioughe) and Ards, in which the manors of Newtownards and Comber were located.
Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, (26 August 1676 – 18 March 1745), known before 1742 as Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain.
The Royal Hospital School (usually shortened as "RHS" and historically nicknamed "The Cradle of the Navy") is a British co-educational independent day and boarding school with naval traditions.
The Royal Military Academy (RMA) at Woolwich, in south-east London, was a British Army military academy for the training of commissioned officers of the Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Ryot (alternatives: raiyat, rait or ravat) was a general economic term used throughout India for peasant cultivators but with variations in different provinces.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
The Second Anglo–Mysore War was a conflict between the Kingdom of Mysore and the British East India Company from 1780 to 1784.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.
A ship of the line was a type of naval warship constructed from the 17th through to the mid-19th century to take part in the naval tactic known as the line of battle, in which two columns of opposing warships would manoeuvre to bring the greatest weight of broadside firepower to bear.
Shute Barrington (26 May 173425 March 1826) was an English churchman, Bishop of Llandaff in Wales, as well as Bishop of Salisbury and Bishop of Durham in England.
A siege engine is a device that is designed to break or circumvent heavy castle doors, thick city walls and other fortifications in siege warfare.
The Siege of Bangalore was a siege of the town and fortifications of Bangalore during the Third Anglo-Mysore War by forces of the British East India Company, led by Charles, Earl Cornwallis against a Mysorean garrison, while Tipu Sultan, Mysore's ruler, harried the camps and positions of the besiegers.
The Siege of Cassel took place between October and November 1762, when an allied force of Hanoverian, Hessian and British troops under the command of the Duke of Brunswick besieged and captured the French-held town of Cassel.
The Siege of Charleston was a major engagement fought between March 29 to May 12, 1780 during the American Revolutionary War.
The 1792 Siege of Seringapatam was a battle and siege of the Mysorean capital city of Seringapatam (Srirangapatna) at the end of the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
The Siege of Yorktown, also known as the Battle of Yorktown, the Surrender at Yorktown, German Battle or the Siege of Little York, ending on October 19, 1781, at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by British peer and Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis.
Sir George Hilaro Barlow, 1st Baronet, GCB (20 January 1763 – 18 December 1846) served as Acting Governor-General of India from the death of Lord Cornwallis in 1805 until the arrival of Lord Minto in 1807.
Sir John Macpherson, 1st Baronet (c. 1745 – 12 January 1821), from Sleat, Isle of Skye, Scotland, was a Scottish administrator in India.
The Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War was the central area of operations in North America in the second half of the American Revolutionary War.
Srirangapatna (also spelled Shrirangapattana; anglicized to Seringapatam during the British Raj) is a town in Mandya district of the Indian state of Karnataka.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
The Stamp Act of 1765 (short title Duties in American Colonies Act 1765; 5 George III, c. 12) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain that imposed a direct tax on the colonies of British America and required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
Suffolk is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England.
Suffolk was a county constituency of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1290 until 1832, when it was split into two divisions.
The Suffolk Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line in the British Army with a history dating back to 1685.
The honorific prefix "The Most Honourable" is a form of address that is used in several countries.
The Patriot is a 2000 American epic historical fiction war film directed by Roland Emmerich, written by Robert Rodat, and starring Mel Gibson, Chris Cooper, Heath Ledger, and Jason Isaacs.
The Third Anglo–Mysore War (1790–1792) was a conflict in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore and the East India Company and its allies, including the Maratha Empire and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
Thomas Banks (29 December 1735 – 2 February 1805) was an important 18th-century English sculptor.
Thomas Flanagan (November 5, 1923 – March 21, 2002) was an American university professor and novelist.
Thomas Graves, 1st Baron Graves KB (23 October 1725 – 9 February 1802) was a British Admiral and colonial official.
Tipu Sultan (born Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu, 20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), also known as the Tipu Sahib, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.
Thomas Geoffrey Wilkinson, OBE (born 5 February 1948)Born January–March 1948, according to the Births, Marriages & Deaths Index of England & Wales, 1916–2005.; at ancestry.com is an English actor.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
The Kingdom of Travancore was an Indian kingdom from 1729 until 1949.
The Treaty of Amiens (French: la paix d'Amiens) temporarily ended hostilities between the French Republic and Great Britain during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Treaty of Mangalore was signed between Tipu Sultan and the British East India Company on 11 March 1784.
The Treaty of Sri ranga pattanam (also called Srirangapatinam), signed 18 March 1792, ended the Third Anglo-Mysore War.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Kent (formerly the University of Kent at Canterbury), abbreviated as UKC, is a semi-collegiate public research university based in Kent, United Kingdom.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras (Banāras), or Kashi (Kāśī), is a city on the banks of the Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India, south-east of the state capital, Lucknow, and east of Allahabad.
The Victoria Memorial is a large marble building in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, which was built between 1906 and 1921.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The Virginia Peninsula is a peninsula in southeast Virginia, USA, bounded by the York River, James River, Hampton Roads and Chesapeake Bay.
The War of the Second Coalition (1798–1802) was the second war on revolutionary France by the European monarchies, led by Britain, Austria and Russia, and including the Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Naples, various German monarchies and Sweden.
The War of the Third Coalition was a European conflict spanning the years 1803 to 1806.
Washington's Crossing is a Pulitzer Prize-winning book written by David Hackett Fischer and part of the "Pivotal Moments in American History" series.
The Whigs were a political faction and then a political party in the parliaments of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
The Wicklow Mountains (archaic: Cualu) form the largest continuous upland area in Ireland.
Admiral Sir William Cornwallis, (10 February 1744 – 5 July 1819) was a Royal Navy officer.
General William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, KB, PC (10 August 1729 – 12 July 1814) was a British Army officer who rose to become Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American War of Independence.
General Sir William Medows KB (31 December 1738 – 14 November 1813) was an Englishman and a general in the British Army.
William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne, (2 May 1737 – 7 May 1805), known as The Earl of Shelburne between 1761 and 1784, by which title he is generally known to history, was an Irish-born British Whig statesman who was the first Home Secretary in 1782 and then Prime Minister in 1782–83 during the final months of the American War of Independence.
William Phillips (1731 – 13 May 1781) was a renowned artilleryman and general officer in the British Army who served as a major-general in the American War of Independence.
William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Wilmington is a port city and the county seat of New Hanover County in coastal southeastern North Carolina, United States.
A zamindar in the Indian subcontinent was an aristocrat.
The 85th (Bucks Volunteers) Regiment of Foot was a British Army line infantry regiment, raised in 1793.
Charles Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, KG, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Earl Cornwallis, Charles cornwallace, Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis Cornwallis, Charles, Lord Cornwallis, Cornwallis, Cornwallis, Charles, Cornwallis, Charles, 1st Marquis Cornwallis, Gen. Cornwallis, General Charles Cornwallis, General Cornwallis, Jemima, Countess Cornwallis, Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis, Lord Charles Cornwallis, Lord Cornwallis, The Marquess Cornwallis.