70 relations: A History of Chess, Algebraic notation (chess), Avery Cardoza, Back-rank checkmate, Bare king, Basic Chess Endings, Batsford, Best response, Bishop (chess), Bishop and knight checkmate, Bobby Fischer, Boden's Mate, Brinkmate, Castling, Check (chess), Checkmate pattern, Checkmates in the opening, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess middlegame, Chess opening, Chess piece, Chess problem, Chess theory, Chessboard, Cuban Chess Championship, Donald Byrne, Draw (chess), Endgame study, Endgame tablebase, Etiquette, Etymology, Everyman Chess, FIDE, Fifty-move rule, Fool's mate, Fork (chess), Gambit Publications, Glossary of chess, Ideal mate, James Howell (chess player), Jeremy Silman, Jesus Nogueiras, John L. Watson, King (chess), Knight (chess), Légal Trap, Metaphor, Middle Ages, Model mate, ..., New Oxford American Dictionary, Opposition (chess), Pawn (chess), Pawnless chess endgame, Persian people, Philipp Stamma, Promotion (chess), Pure mate, Queen (chess), Rook (chess), Rules of chess, Scholar's mate, Smothered mate, Stalemate, Tempo (chess), The Game of the Century (chess), The Oxford Companion to Chess, Two knights endgame, United States Chess Federation, White and Black in chess. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
The book A History of Chess was written by H. J. R. Murray (1868–1955) and published in 1913.
Algebraic notation (or AN) is a method for recording and describing the moves in a game of chess.
Avery Cardoza is an American author, professional gambler, and publisher.
In chess, a back-rank checkmate (also known as the corridor mate) is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen along a back rank (that is, the row on which the pieces stand at the start of the game) in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because the king is blocked by friendly pieces (usually pawns) on the second rank.
In chess and chess variants, a bare king (or lone king) is a game position where one player has only the king remaining (i.e. all the player's other pieces have been).
Basic Chess Endings (abbreviated BCE) is a book on chess endgames which was written by Grandmaster Reuben Fine and originally published on October 27, 1941.
Batsford is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England.
In game theory, the best response is the strategy (or strategies) which produces the most favorable outcome for a player, taking other players' strategies as given. The concept of a best response is central to John Nash's best-known contribution, the Nash equilibrium, the point at which each player in a game has selected the best response (or one of the best responses) to the other players' strategies.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
The bishop and knight checkmate in chess is the checkmate of a lone king which can be forced by a bishop, knight, and king.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boden's Mate is a checkmating pattern in chess characterized by bishops on two criss-crossing diagonals (for example, bishops on a6 and f4 delivering mate to a king on c8), with possible flight squares for the king being occupied by friendly pieces.
In shogi, brinkmate or hisshi (必至 "desperation, inevitability" or 必死 "sure kill") is the situation in which an unavoidable 詰め tsume checkmate sequence will be created by the player's next move.
Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.
A check is a condition in chess, shogi, and xiangqi that occurs when a player's king (or general in xiangqi) is under threat of on their opponent's next turn.
In chess, several checkmate patterns occur frequently, or are otherwise of such interest to scholars, so as to have acquired specific names in chess commentary.
In chess, checkmates in the opening are examples of a player being checkmated during the first few moves of the game (i.e. in the opening).
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.
A chess problem, also called a chess composition, is a puzzle set by somebody using chess pieces on a chess board, that presents the solver with a particular task to be achieved.
The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.
A chessboard is the type of checkerboard used in the board game chess, consisting of 64 squares (eight rows and eight columns).
In the second part of the 19th century, Celso Golmayo Zúpide had been generally accepted as Cuban champion since his 1862 match defeat of Félix Sicre.
Donald Byrne (June 12, 1930 – April 8, 1976) was one of the strongest American chess players during the 1950s and 1960s.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
In the game of chess, an endgame study, or just study, is a composed position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find the essentially unique way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
An endgame tablebase is a computerized database that contains precalculated exhaustive analysis of chess endgame positions.
Etiquette is a code of behavior that delineates expectations for social behavior according to contemporary conventional norms within a society, social class, or group.
EtymologyThe New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) – p. 633 "Etymology /ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/ the study of the class in words and the way their meanings have changed throughout time".
Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The fifty-move rule in chess states that a player can claim a draw if no has been made and no pawn has been moved in the last fifty moves (for this purpose a "move" consists of a player completing their turn followed by the opponent completing their turn).
In chess, Fool's Mate, also known as the Two-Move Checkmate, is the checkmate in the fewest possible number of moves from the start of the game.
In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.
Gambit Publications is a major publisher of chess books.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
In chess, an ideal mate is a checkmate position that is a special form of model mate.
James Clifford Howell (born May 17, 1967) is an English chess grandmaster and author.
Jeremy Silman (born August 28, 1954) is an American International Master of chess and writer.
Jesus Nogueiras (born in Santa Clara, Cuba, July 17, 1959) is a Cuban chess grandmaster.
John Leonard Watson (born 1951) is a chess International Master and author.
In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
The Légal Trap or Blackburne Trap (also known as Légal Pseudo-Sacrifice and Légal Mate) is a chess opening, characterized by a queen sacrifice followed by checkmate with minor pieces if Black accepts the sacrifice.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
A model mate is a type of pure mate checkmating position in chess in which not only is the checkmated king and all vacant squares in its field attacked only once, and squares in the king's field occupied by friendly units are not also attacked by the mating side (unless such a unit is necessarily pinned to the king), but all units of the mating side (with the possible exception of the king and pawns) participate actively in forming the mating net.
The New Oxford university American Dictionary (NOAD) is a single-volume dictionary of American English compiled by American editors at the Oxford University Press.
In chess, opposition (or direct opposition) is the situation occurring when two kings face each other on a rank or file, with only one square in-between them.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
A pawnless chess endgame is a chess endgame in which only a few pieces remain and none of them is a pawn.
The Persians--> are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.
Philipp Stamma (c. 1705 – c. 1755), a native of Aleppo, Ottoman Syria, later resident of England and France, was a chess master and a pioneer of modern chess.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
A pure mate is a checkmating position in chess in which the mated king and all vacant squares in its field are attacked only once, and squares in the king's field occupied by friendly units are not also attacked by the mating side (unless such a unit is necessarily pinned to the king to avoid it interposing to block the check or capturing of mating unit).
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess.
In chess, Scholar's Mate is the checkmate achieved by the following moves, or similar: The same mating pattern may be reached by various move orders.
In chess, a smothered mate is a checkmate delivered by a knight in which the mated king is unable to move because he is surrounded (or smothered) by his own pieces.
Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
In chess, The Game of the Century is a chess game played between 26-year-old Donald Byrne and 13-year-old Bobby Fischer in the Rosenwald Memorial Tournament in New York City on October 17, 1956, which Fischer won.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
The two knights endgame is a chess endgame with a king and two knights versus a king.
The United States Chess Federation (also known as US Chess or USCF) is the governing body for chess competition in the United States and represents the U.S. in FIDE, the World Chess Federation.
In chess, the player who moves first is referred to as "White" and the player who moves second is referred to as "Black".