116 relations: Acetate, Alchemy, Allotropes of sulfur, American Chemical Society, Ammonia, Ammonium, Analytical chemistry, Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, Antoine Lavoisier, Azane, Barium oxide, Bicarbonate, Binary phase, Biochemistry, Biological activity, Borane, Boron, Boron trifluoride, Calcium hydroxide, Carbon dioxide, Carbonate, CAS Registry Number, Chemical Abstracts Service, Chemical compound, Chemical element, Chemical formula, Chlorate, Chlorite, Chromate and dichromate, Cis–trans isomerism, Claude Louis Berthollet, Clinical chemistry, Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature, Covalent bond, Cyanide, Dihydrogen monoxide hoax, France, Geneva, Guillotine, Hantzsch–Widman nomenclature, Hydride, Hydrogen, Hydrogenoxalate, Hydroxide, Hypochlorite, Inorganic compound, International Chemical Identifier, International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, ..., Ion, Ionic compound, Iron, Iron(II) oxide, Iron(III) chloride, IUPAC books, IUPAC nomenclature for organic transformations, IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry, IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry 2005, IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry, IUPAC numerical multiplier, Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Lead, Lead(IV) sulfide, Lexicography, Ligand, List of chemical compounds with unusual names, Lithium bromide, Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau, Macromolecule, Metal, Molecule, Nitrate, Nitrite, Nitrogen, Nitrogen trichloride, Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Nonmetal, Omega-3 fatty acid, Organic compound, Oxalate, Oxidation state, Oxygen, Perchlorate, Permanganate, Peroxide, Phosphate, Phosphine, Phosphorus, Phosphorus pentoxide, Physical quantity, Polyatomic ion, Polyphenol, Preferred IUPAC name, Properties of water, Pure and Applied Chemistry, Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, Resveratrol, Scientific journal, Sirolimus, Sodium, Sodium sulfite, Stock nomenclature, Structure–activity relationship, Sulfate, Sulfite, Sulfur tetrafluoride, Superoxide, Symbol, Systematic name, Tin(IV) Oxide, Traité Élémentaire de Chimie, Transition metal, Trivial name, Water, World War I. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
An acetate is a salt formed by the combination of acetic acid with an alkaline, earthy, metallic or nonmetallic and other base.
Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Africa, Brazil and Asia.
The element sulfur exists as many allotropes.
The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
The ammonium cation is a positively charged polyatomic ion with the chemical formula.
Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter.
Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy (15 June 175516 December 1809) was a French chemist and a contemporary of Antoine Lavoisier.
Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (also Antoine Lavoisier after the French Revolution;; 26 August 17438 May 1794) CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) was a French nobleman and chemist who was central to the 18th-century chemical revolution and who had a large influence on both the history of chemistry and the history of biology.
Azanes are acyclic, saturated hydronitrogens, which means that they consist only of hydrogen and nitrogen atoms and all bonds are single bonds.
Barium oxide, BaO, is a white hygroscopic non-flammable compound.
In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.
In materials chemistry, a binary phase is chemical compound containing two different elements.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
In pharmacology, biological activity or pharmacological activity describes the beneficial or adverse effects of a drug on living matter.
Borane (systematically named trihydridoboron), also called borine, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula.
Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5.
Boron trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula BF3.
Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
A CAS Registry Number, also referred to as CASRN or CAS Number, is a unique numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) to every chemical substance described in the open scientific literature (currently including all substances described from 1957 through the present, plus some substances from the early or mid 1900s), including organic and inorganic compounds, minerals, isotopes, alloys and nonstructurable materials (UVCBs, of unknown, variable composition, or biological origin).
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) is a division of the American Chemical Society.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
The chlorate anion has the formula.
The chlorite ion, or chlorine dioxide anion, is.
Chromate salts contain the chromate anion,.
Cis–trans isomerism, also known as geometric isomerism or configurational isomerism, is a term used in organic chemistry.
Claude Louis Berthollet (9 December 1748 in Talloires, France – 6 November 1822 in Arcueil, France) was a Savoyard-French chemist who became vice president of the French Senate in 1804.
Clinical chemistry (also known as chemical pathology, clinical biochemistry or medical biochemistry) is the area of chemistry that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
The Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature is a book published by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) containing internationally accepted definitions for terms in analytical chemistry.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
A cyanide is a chemical compound that contains the group C≡N.
The dihydrogen monoxide hoax involves calling water by the unfamiliar chemical name "dihydrogen monoxide" (DHMO), and listing some of water's effects in a particularly alarming manner, such as accelerating corrosion and causing suffocation.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
A guillotine is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading.
Hantzsch–Widman nomenclature, also called the extended Hantzsch–Widman system, is a type of systematic chemical nomenclature used for naming heterocyclic parent hydrides having no more than ten ring members.
In chemistry, a hydride is the anion of hydrogen, H−, or, more commonly, it is a compound in which one or more hydrogen centres have nucleophilic, reducing, or basic properties.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
Hydrogenoxalate or hydrogen oxalate is an anion with chemical formula HC2O4− or HO2C–CO2−, derived from oxalic acid by the loss of a single proton; or, alternatively, from the oxalate anion C2O42− by addition of a proton.
Hydroxide is a diatomic anion with chemical formula OH−.
In chemistry, hypochlorite is an ion with the chemical formula ClO−.
An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks C-H bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound, but the distinction is not defined or even of particular interest.
The IUPAC International Chemical Identifier (InChI or) is a textual identifier for chemical substances, designed to provide a standard way to encode molecular information and to facilitate the search for such information in databases and on the web.
The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) is an international non-governmental organisation concerned with biochemistry and molecular biology.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) is an international non-governmental organization whose mission is to assist in the worldwide development of physics, to foster international cooperation in physics, and to help in the application of physics toward solving problems of concern to humanity.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Iron(II) oxide or ferrous oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula FeO.
Iron(III) chloride, also called ferric chloride, is an industrial scale commodity chemical compound, with the formula FeCl3 and with iron in the +3 oxidation state.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry publishes many books, which contain its complete list of definitions.
The IUPAC Nomenclature for Transformations is a methodology for naming a chemical reaction.
In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry is a systematic method of naming inorganic chemical compounds, as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry, IUPAC Recommendations 2005 is the 2005 version of Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry (which is informally called the Red Book).
In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry is a systematic method of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
The numerical multiplier (or multiplying affix) in IUPAC nomenclature indicates how many particular atoms or functional groups are attached at a particular point in a molecule.
Baron Jöns Jacob Berzelius (20 August 1779 – 7 August 1848), named by himself and contemporary society as Jacob Berzelius, was a Swedish chemist.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Lead(IV) sulfide is a chemical compound with the formula PbS2.
Lexicography is divided into two separate but equally important groups.
In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.
Chemical nomenclature, replete as it is with compounds with complex names, is a repository for some very peculiar and sometimes startling names.
Lithium bromide (LiBr) is a chemical compound of lithium and bromine.
Louis-Bernard Guyton, Baron de Morveau (also Louis-Bernard Guyton-Morveau after the French Revolution; 4 January 1737 – 2 January 1816) was a French chemist and politician.
A macromolecule is a very large molecule, such as protein, commonly created by the polymerization of smaller subunits (monomers).
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
The nitrite ion, which has the chemical formula, is a symmetric anion with equal N–O bond lengths.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Nitrogen trichloride, also known as trichloramine, is the chemical compound with the formula NCl3.
Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, commonly referred to by chemists as the Blue Book, is a collection of recommendations on organic chemical nomenclature published at irregular intervals by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Apart from hydrogen, nonmetals are located in the p-block. Helium, as an s-block element, would normally be placed next to hydrogen and above beryllium. However, since it is a noble gas, it is instead placed above neon (in the p-block). In chemistry, a nonmetal (or non-metal) is a chemical element that mostly lacks metallic attributes.
Omega−3 fatty acids, also called ω−3 fatty acids or n−3 fatty acids, are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs).
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Oxalate (IUPAC: ethanedioate) is the dianion with the formula, also written.
The oxidation state, sometimes referred to as oxidation number, describes degree of oxidation (loss of electrons) of an atom in a chemical compound.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
A perchlorate is the name for a chemical compound containing the perchlorate ion,.
A permanganate is the general name for a chemical compound containing the manganate(VII) ion,.
Peroxide is a compound with the structure R-O-O-R. The O−O group in a peroxide is called the peroxide group or peroxo group.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
Phosphine (IUPAC name: phosphane) is the compound with the chemical formula PH3.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Phosphorus pentoxide is a chemical compound with molecular formula P4O10 (with its common name derived from its empirical formula, P2O5).
A physical quantity is a physical property of a phenomenon, body, or substance, that can be quantified by measurement.or we can say that quantities which we come across during our scientific studies are called as the physical quantities...
A polyatomic ion, also known as a molecular ion, is a charged chemical species (ion) composed of two or more atoms covalently bonded or of a metal complex that can be considered to be acting as a single unit.
Polyphenols (also known as polyhydroxyphenols) are a structural class of mainly natural, but also synthetic or semisynthetic, organic chemicals characterized by the presence of large multiples of phenol structural units.
In chemical nomenclature, a preferred IUPAC name (PIN) is a unique name, assigned to a chemical substance and preferred among the possible names generated by IUPAC nomenclature.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
Pure and Applied Chemistry (abbreviated Pure Appl. Chem.) is the official journal for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, also known as the Green Book, is a compilation of terms and symbols widely used in the field of physical chemistry.
Resveratrol (3,5,4′-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol, and a phytoalexin produced by several plants in response to injury or, when the plant is under attack by pathogens such as bacteria or fungi.
In academic publishing, a scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research.
Sirolimus, also known as rapamycin, is a macrolide compound that is used to coat coronary stents, prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat a rare lung disease called lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium sulfite (sodium sulphite) is a soluble sodium salt of sulfurous acid (sulfite) with the chemical formula Na2SO3.
Stock nomenclature for inorganic compounds is a widely used system of chemical nomenclature developed by the German chemist Alfred Stock and first published in 1919.
commented out as it doesn't appear to be immediately relevant & it is in the wrong place if it is relevant-->The structure–activity relationship (SAR) is the relationship between the chemical or 3D structure of a molecule and its biological activity.
The sulfate or sulphate (see spelling differences) ion is a polyatomic anion with the empirical formula.
Sulfites or sulphites are compounds that contain the sulfite ion (or the sulfate(IV) ion, from its correct systematic name),.
Sulfur tetrafluoride is the chemical compound with the formula SF4.
A superoxide is a compound that contains the superoxide anion, which has the chemical formula.
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
A systematic name is a name given in a systematic way to one unique group, organism, object or chemical substance, out of a specific population or collection.
Tin(IV) Oxide, also known as stannic oxide, is the inorganic compound with the formula SnO2.
Traité élémentaire de chimie (Elementary Treatise of Chemistry) is a textbook written by Antoine Lavoisier published in 1789 and translated into English by Robert Kerr in 1790 under the title Elements of Chemistry in a New Systematic Order containing All the Modern Discoveries.
In chemistry, the term transition metal (or transition element) has three possible meanings.
In chemistry, a trivial name is a nonsystematic name for a chemical substance.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
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