67 relations: Adsorption, Alkali metal, Alkaline earth metal, Allotropes of oxygen, Ammonia, Amphiphile, Bent molecular geometry, Bond dipole moment, Boron trifluoride, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Cell membrane, Chemical bond, Chemical property, Chemistry, Christopher Kelk Ingold, Colloid, Compounds of thorium, Covalent bond, Delta (letter), Detergent, Diatomic molecule, Dimension, Dipole, Electric charge, Electric dipole moment, Electronegativity, Elementary charge, Ethanol, Euclidean vector, Fluorine, Formal charge, Functional group, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogen fluoride, Hydrophile, Hydrophobe, Hydroxy group, Intermolecular force, Introduction to quantum mechanics, Ionic bonding, Linear combination, Linus Pauling, Lipophilicity, Methane, Micelle, Molecular geometry, Molecular orbital, Multipole expansion, Nitrogen, ..., Oxygen, Ozone, Partial charge, Phospholipid, Point groups in three dimensions, Polar point group, Properties of water, Schoenflies notation, Soap, Solubility, Solvent, Sucrose, Surface tension, Surfactant, Turpentine, VSEPR theory, Wave function. Expand index (17 more) » « Shrink index
Adsorption is the adhesion of atoms, ions or molecules from a gas, liquid or dissolved solid to a surface.
The alkali metals are a group (column) in the periodic table consisting of the chemical elements lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K),The symbols Na and K for sodium and potassium are derived from their Latin names, natrium and kalium; these are still the names for the elements in some languages, such as German and Russian.
The alkaline earth metals are six chemical elements in group 2 of the periodic table.
There are several known allotropes of oxygen.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
An amphiphile (from the Greek αμφις, amphis: both and φιλíα, philia: love, friendship) is a chemical compound possessing both hydrophilic (water-loving, polar) and lipophilic (fat-loving) properties.
In chemistry, the term "bent" can be applied to certain molecules to describe their molecular geometry.
The bond dipole moment uses the idea of electric dipole moment to measure the polarity of a chemical bond within a molecule.
Boron trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula BF3.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
The cell membrane (also known as the plasma membrane or cytoplasmic membrane, and historically referred to as the plasmalemma) is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment (the extracellular space).
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds.
A chemical property is any of a material's properties that becomes evident during, or after, a chemical reaction; that is, any quality that can be established only by changing a substance's chemical identity.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
Sir Christopher Kelk Ingold (28 October 1893 – 8 December 1970) was a British chemist based in Leeds and London.
In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
Many compounds of thorium are known: this is because thorium and uranium are the most stable and accessible actinides and are the only actinides that can be studied safely and legally in bulk in a normal laboratory.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Delta (uppercase Δ, lowercase δ or 𝛿; δέλτα délta) is the fourth letter of the Greek alphabet.
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.
Diatomic molecules are molecules composed of only two atoms, of the same or different chemical elements.
In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.
In electromagnetism, there are two kinds of dipoles.
Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.
The electric dipole moment is a measure of the separation of positive and negative electrical charges within a system, that is, a measure of the system's overall polarity.
Electronegativity, symbol ''χ'', is a chemical property that describes the tendency of an atom to attract a shared pair of electrons (or electron density) towards itself.
The elementary charge, usually denoted as or sometimes, is the electric charge carried by a single proton, or equivalently, the magnitude of the electric charge carried by a single electron, which has charge.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
In mathematics, physics, and engineering, a Euclidean vector (sometimes called a geometric or spatial vector, or—as here—simply a vector) is a geometric object that has magnitude (or length) and direction.
Fluorine is a chemical element with symbol F and atomic number 9.
In chemistry, a formal charge (FC) is the charge assigned to an atom in a molecule, assuming that electrons in all chemical bonds are shared equally between atoms, regardless of relative electronegativity.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
Hydrogen fluoride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula.
A hydrophile is a molecule or other molecular entity that is attracted to water molecules and tends to be dissolved by water.
In chemistry, hydrophobicity is the physical property of a molecule (known as a hydrophobe) that is seemingly repelled from a mass of water.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Intermolecular forces (IMF) are the forces which mediate interaction between molecules, including forces of attraction or repulsion which act between molecules and other types of neighboring particles, e.g., atoms or ions.
Quantum mechanics is the science of the very small.
Ionic bonding is a type of chemical bonding that involves the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions, and is the primary interaction occurring in ionic compounds.
In mathematics, a linear combination is an expression constructed from a set of terms by multiplying each term by a constant and adding the results (e.g. a linear combination of x and y would be any expression of the form ax + by, where a and b are constants).
Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994) was an American chemist, biochemist, peace activist, author, educator, and husband of American human rights activist Ava Helen Pauling.
Lipophilicity (from Greek λίπος "fat" and φίλος "friendly"), refers to the ability of a chemical compound to dissolve in fats, oils, lipids, and non-polar solvents such as hexane or toluene.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
A micelle or micella (plural micelles or micellae, respectively) is an aggregate (or supramolecular assembly) of surfactant molecules dispersed in a liquid colloid.
Molecular geometry is the three-dimensional arrangement of the atoms that constitute a molecule.
In chemistry, a molecular orbital (MO) is a mathematical function describing the wave-like behavior of an electron in a molecule.
A multipole expansion is a mathematical series representing a function that depends on angles—usually the two angles on a sphere.
Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.
A partial charge is a non-integer charge value when measured in elementary charge units.
Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.
In geometry, a point group in three dimensions is an isometry group in three dimensions that leaves the origin fixed, or correspondingly, an isometry group of a sphere.
In geometry, a polar point group is a point group in which there is more than one point that every symmetry operation leaves unmoved.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
The Schoenflies (or Schönflies) notation, named after the German mathematician Arthur Moritz Schoenflies, is one of two conventions commonly used to describe point groups.
Soap is the term for a salt of a fatty acid or for a variety of cleansing and lubricating products produced from such a substance.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
Surface tension is the elastic tendency of a fluid surface which makes it acquire the least surface area possible.
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.
Valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory is a model used in chemistry to predict the geometry of individual molecules from the number of electron pairs surrounding their central atoms.
A wave function in quantum physics is a mathematical description of the quantum state of an isolated quantum system.
Bond polarity, Chemical Polarity, Chemistry Polarity, Fractional charge, Molecular polarity, Non-polar, Non-polar chemicals, Non-polar covalent bond, Non-polar molecule, Nonpolar, Nonpolar molecule, Nonpolar molecules, Nonpolarity, Polar Bond, Polar bond, Polar bonds, Polar compound, Polar covalent bond, Polar covalent bonds, Polar fluids, Polar molecule, Polar molecules, Polar solution, Polar-covalent bond, Polarity (Chemistry), Polarity (chemistry).