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# Chess annotation symbols

When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. [1]

## Algebraic notation (chess)

Algebraic notation (or AN) is a method for recording and describing the moves in a game of chess.

## Andrew Soltis

Andrew Eden Soltis (born May 28, 1947 in Hazleton, Pennsylvania) is an American chess grandmaster, author and columnist.

## Blunder (chess)

In chess, a blunder is a very bad move.

## Bobby Fischer

Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.

## Checkmate

Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.

## Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

## Chess endgame

In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.

## Chess Informant

Chess Informant (Šahovski Informator) is a publishing company from Belgrade (Serbia, former Yugoslavia) that periodically (since 2012, four volumes per year) produces a book entitled Chess Informant, as well as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Encyclopaedia of Chess Endings, Opening Monographs, other print publications, and software (including electronic editions of most print publications).

## Chess notation

Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.

## Chess problem

A chess problem, also called a chess composition, is a puzzle set by somebody using chess pieces on a chess board, that presents the solver with a particular task to be achieved.

## Chess tactic

In chess, a tactic refers to a sequence of moves that limits the opponent's options and may result in tangible gain.

## Combination (chess)

In chess, a combination is a sequence of moves, often initiated by a sacrifice, which leaves the opponent few options and results in tangible gain.

## Draw (chess)

In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.

## Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings

The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.

## Exchange (chess)

In the tactics and strategy in the board game of chess, an exchange (exchanging) or trade (trading) of chess pieces is series of closely related moves, typically sequential, in which the two players capture each other's pieces.

## Exclamation mark

The exclamation mark (British English) or exclamation point (some dialects of American English) is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), or show emphasis, and often marks the end of a sentence.

## Frank Lamprecht

Frank Lamprecht (born 21 June 1968) is a German chess International Master and chess trainer.

## Gambit Publications

Gambit Publications is a major publisher of chess books.

## Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

## Grandmaster (chess)

The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.

## Hans Kmoch

Johann "Hans" Joseph Kmoch (July 25, 1894 in Vienna – February 13, 1973 in New York City) was an Austrian-Dutch-American chess International Master (1950), International Arbiter (1951), and a chess journalist and author, for which he is best known.

## Initiative (chess)

Initiative in a chess position belongs to the player who can make threats that cannot be ignored.

## Interrobang

The interrobang, also known as the interabang (‽) (often represented by ?! or !?), is a nonstandard punctuation mark used in various written languages and intended to combine the functions of the question mark, or interrogative point, and the exclamation mark, or exclamation point, known in the jargon of printers and programmers as a "bang".

## John Nunn

John Denis Martin Nunn (born 25 April 1955 in London) is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician.

## Karsten Müller

Karsten Müller (born November 23, 1970 in Hamburg, West Germany) is a German chess Grandmaster and author.

## Numeric Annotation Glyphs

Numeric Annotation Glyphs or NAGs are used to annotate chess games when using a computer, typically providing an assessment of a chess move or a chess position.

## Question mark

The question mark (also known as interrogation point, query, or eroteme in journalism) is a punctuation mark that indicates an interrogative clause or phrase in many languages.

## Robert Hübner

Robert Hübner (born November 6, 1948) is a German chess Grandmaster, chess writer, and papyrologist.

## Sacrifice (chess)

In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.

## Simon Webb (chess player)

Simon Webb (10 June 1949 – 14 March 2005) was a British chess player, an International Master, a Correspondence Chess Grandmaster, and a chess writer.

## Swindle (chess)

In chess, a swindle is a ruse by which a player in a losing position tricks his opponent, and thereby achieves a win or draw instead of the expected loss.

## The Game of the Century (chess)

In chess, The Game of the Century is a chess game played between 26-year-old Donald Byrne and 13-year-old Bobby Fischer in the Rosenwald Memorial Tournament in New York City on October 17, 1956, which Fischer won.

## Time trouble

In chess played with a time control, time trouble, time pressure, or its German translation Zeitnot, is the situation where a player has little time to complete the required moves.

## Zugzwang

Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.

## References

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