121 relations: Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Beliavsky, Anatoly Karpov, András Adorján, André Chéron, Andrew Soltis, Aron Nimzowitsch, Artur Yusupov, Basic Chess Endings, Batsford, Bishop (chess), Bishop and knight checkmate, Bruce Pandolfini, Candidates Tournament, Cecil Purdy, Checkmate, Chess, Chess annotation symbols, Chess endgame literature, Chess Informant, Chess Life, Chess middlegame, Chess opening, Chess piece, Chess piece relative value, Chess theory, Chessgames.com, Classical World Chess Championship 2004, Computer chess, Connected pawns, Corresponding squares, David Bronstein, Draw (chess), Edmar Mednis, Emanuel Lasker, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Endgame study, Endgame tablebase, Everyman Chess, Exchange (chess), FIDE titles, Fifty-move rule, Fortress (chess), Frank Lamprecht, Gambit Publications, Garry Kasparov, GBR code, Glossary of chess, Grandmaster (chess), Initiative (chess), ..., Irving Chernev, James Howell (chess player), Jan Timman, Jeremy Silman, Johann Berger, John Emms (chess player), John L. Watson, John Nunn, José Raúl Capablanca, Joshua Waitzkin, Karsten Müller, Kasparov versus the World, King (chess), King and pawn versus king endgame, Knight (chess), Ladislav Prokeš, Lajos Portisch, Lev Alburt, Loek van Wely, Lucena position, Luigi Centurini, Mark Dvoretsky, Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, Max Euwe, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Tal, New In Chess, Nikolai Krogius, Nikolay Minev, Opposite-colored bishops endgame, Opposition (chess), Pal Benko, Passed pawn, Pavilion Books, Pawn (chess), Pawn structure, Pawnless chess endgame, Pergamon Press, Perpetual check, Peter Leko, Philidor position, Promotion (chess), Queen (chess), Queen and pawn versus queen endgame, Queen versus pawn endgame, Réti endgame study, Reuben Fine, Robert Hübner, Rook (chess), Rook and bishop versus rook endgame, Rook and pawn versus rook endgame, Saavedra position, Savielly Tartakower, Sergey Belavenets, Siegbert Tarrasch, Svetozar Gligorić, Tarrasch rule, Tempo (chess), The Oxford Companion to Chess, Tony Miles, Triangulation (chess), Two knights endgame, Ulf Andersson, Vasily Smyslov, Viktor Korchnoi, Vladimir Kramnik, World Chess Championship, Wrong bishop, Wrong rook pawn, Yasser Seirawan, Zugzwang. Expand index (71 more) » « Shrink index
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Genrikhovich Beliavsky (also Romanized Belyavsky; born December 17, 1953) is a Soviet, Ukrainian and Slovenian chess grandmaster.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
András Adorján (born András Jocha, 31 March 1950, Budapest) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster (1973) and author.
André Chéron (September 25, 1895 – September 12, 1980) was a French chess player, endgame theorist, and a composer of endgame studies.
Andrew Eden Soltis (born May 28, 1947 in Hazleton, Pennsylvania) is an American chess grandmaster, author and columnist.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
Artur Mayakovich Yusupov (Арту́р Маякович Юсу́пов; Artur Majakowitsch Jussupow; born February 13, 1960 in Moscow, Soviet Union) is a Russian chess grandmaster and a chess writer.
Basic Chess Endings (abbreviated BCE) is a book on chess endgames which was written by Grandmaster Reuben Fine and originally published on October 27, 1941.
Batsford is a village and civil parish in the Cotswold district of Gloucestershire, England.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
The bishop and knight checkmate in chess is the checkmate of a lone king which can be forced by a bishop, knight, and king.
Bruce Pandolfini (born September 17, 1947) is an American chess author, teacher, and coach.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
Cecil John Seddon Purdy (27 March 1906, Port Said, Egypt – 6 November 1979, Sydney, Australia) was an Australian chess International Master (IM), writer, and inaugural World Correspondence Chess champion.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols.
Chess endgame literature refers to books and magazines about chess endgames.
Chess Informant (Šahovski Informator) is a publishing company from Belgrade (Serbia, former Yugoslavia) that periodically (since 2012, four volumes per year) produces a book entitled Chess Informant, as well as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Encyclopaedia of Chess Endings, Opening Monographs, other print publications, and software (including electronic editions of most print publications).
The monthly Chess Life and bi-monthly Chess Life Kids (formerly School Mates and Chess Life for Kids) are the official magazines published by the United States Chess Federation (US Chess).
The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
A chess piece, or chessman, is any of the six different movable objects used on a chessboard to play the game of chess.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.
The Classical World Chess Championship 2004 was held from September 25, 2004, to October 18, 2004, in Brissago, Switzerland.
Computer chess is a game of computer architecture encompassing hardware and software capable of playing chess autonomously without human guidance.
In chess, connected pawns are two or more pawns of the same color on adjacent files, as distinct from isolated pawns.
Corresponding squares (also called relative squares, sister squares and coordinate squares) in chess occur in some chess endgames, usually ones that are mostly blocked.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
Edmar John Mednis (Edmārs Mednis) (March 22, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American International Grandmaster of chess (awarded in 1980) born in Riga, Latvia.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
In the game of chess, an endgame study, or just study, is a composed position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find the essentially unique way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
An endgame tablebase is a computerized database that contains precalculated exhaustive analysis of chess endgame positions.
Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess.
In the tactics and strategy in the board game of chess, an exchange (exchanging) or trade (trading) of chess pieces is series of closely related moves, typically sequential, in which the two players capture each other's pieces.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
The fifty-move rule in chess states that a player can claim a draw if no has been made and no pawn has been moved in the last fifty moves (for this purpose a "move" consists of a player completing their turn followed by the opponent completing their turn).
In chess, the fortress is an endgame drawing technique in which the side behind in sets up a zone of protection that the opponent cannot penetrate.
Frank Lamprecht (born 21 June 1968) is a German chess International Master and chess trainer.
Gambit Publications is a major publisher of chess books.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
The GBR code (or Guy–Blandford–Roycroft code) is a system of representing the position of chess pieces on a chessboard.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
Initiative in a chess position belongs to the player who can make threats that cannot be ignored.
Irving Chernev (January 29, 1900 – September 29, 1981) was a chess player and prolific Russian-American chess author.
James Clifford Howell (born May 17, 1967) is an English chess grandmaster and author.
Jan Timman (born 14 December 1951) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster who was one of the world's leading players from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.
Jeremy Silman (born August 28, 1954) is an American International Master of chess and writer.
Johann Nepomuk Berger (11 April 1845, Graz – 17 October 1933) was an Austrian chess master, theorist, endgame study composer, author and editor.
John Michael Emms (born 14 March 1967) is a chess player who has earned the rank of International Grandmaster.
John Leonard Watson (born 1951) is a chess International Master and author.
John Denis Martin Nunn (born 25 April 1955 in London) is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Joshua Waitzkin (born December 4, 1976) is an American chess player, martial arts competitor, and author.
Karsten Müller (born November 23, 1970 in Hamburg, West Germany) is a German chess Grandmaster and author.
Kasparov versus the World was a game of chess played in 1999 over the Internet.
In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.
The chess endgame with a king and a pawn versus a king is one of the most important and fundamental endgames, other than the basic checkmates.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
Ladislav Prokeš (7 June 1884 – 9 January 1966) was one of the most prolific composers of endgame studies in chess.
Lajos Portisch (born 4 April 1937) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster, whose positional style earned him the nickname, the "Hungarian Botvinnik".
Lev Osipovich Alburt (born August 21, 1945) is a chess grandmaster, chess writer and chess coach.
Loek van Wely (born 7 October 1972) is a Dutch chess grandmaster.
The Lucena position is one of the most famous and important positions in chess endgame theory, where one side has a rook and a pawn and the defender has a rook.
Luigi Centurini (Genoa, April 24, 1820 – Genoa, November 10, 1900) was an Italian jurist, chess player, and chess composer.
Mark Izrailovich Dvoretsky (Марк Израилевич Дворецкий; December 9, 1947 – September 26, 2016) was a Russian chess trainer, writer, and International Master.
The Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) is an independent nonprofit mathematical research institution in Berkeley, California.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.
Nikolai Vladimirovich Krogius (first name sometimes written Nikolay) (born July 22, 1930 in Saratov) is a Russian Chess Grandmaster, International Arbiter (1985), psychologist, chess coach, chess administrator, and author.
Nikolay (or Nikolai) Nikolaev Minev (Николай Минев, 8 November 1931 – 10 March 2017) was a Bulgarian chess International Master (IM) and noted chess author.
The opposite-colored bishops endgame is a chess endgame in which each side has a single bishop, but the bishops reside on opposite-colored squares on the chessboard, thus cannot attack or block each other.
In chess, opposition (or direct opposition) is the situation occurring when two kings face each other on a rank or file, with only one square in-between them.
Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.
In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth; i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on either the same or adjacent files.
Pavilion Books Holdings Ltd is an English publishing company based in London.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
A pawnless chess endgame is a chess endgame in which only a few pieces remain and none of them is a pawn.
Pergamon Press was an Oxford-based publishing house, founded by Paul Rosbaud and Robert Maxwell, which published scientific and medical books and journals.
In the game of chess, perpetual check is a situation in which one player can force a draw by an unending series of checks.
Peter Leko ('Lékó Péter'; Петер Леко; born September 8, 1979 in Subotica, Yugoslavia) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
The Philidor position (or Philidor's position) usually refers to an important chess endgame which illustrates a drawing technique when the defender has a king and rook versus a king, rook, and a pawn.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
The queen and pawn versus queen endgame is a chess endgame in which both sides have a queen and one side has a pawn, which he is trying to promote.
The chess endgame of a queen versus pawn (with both sides having no other pieces except the kings) is usually an easy win for the side with the queen.
The Réti endgame study is a chess endgame study by Richard Réti.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Robert Hübner (born November 6, 1948) is a German chess Grandmaster, chess writer, and papyrologist.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
The rook and bishop versus rook endgame is a chess endgame where one player has just a rook, bishop and king, and the other player has only a rook and king.
The rook and pawn versus rook endgame is of fundamental importance to chess endgames,,,, and has been widely studied,. Precise play is usually required in these positions.
The Saavedra position is one of the best known chess endgame studies.
Ksawery Tartakower (also known as Saviely or Savielly Tartakower in English, less often Xavier Tartacover or Xavier Tartakover; 1887–1956) was a leading Polish and French chess grandmaster.
Sergey Belavenets (Серге́й Всеволодович Белавенец; 8 July 19107 March 1942) was a Soviet chess master, theoretician, and chess journalist.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
The Tarrasch rule is a general principle that applies in the majority of chess middlegames and endgames.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
Anthony John Miles (23 April 1955 – 12 November 2001) was an English chess grandmaster, the first Englishman to earn the Grandmaster title in over-the-board play.
Triangulation is a tactic used in chess to put one's opponent in zugzwang (a position when it is a disadvantage to move).
The two knights endgame is a chess endgame with a king and two knights versus a king.
Ulf Andersson (born 27 June 1951) is a leading Swedish chess player.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The wrong bishop is a situation in chess endgame when a bishop on the other color of square of the chessboard would either win a game instead of draw or salvage a draw from an inferior position; in other words, a bishop is unable to guard squares of the other color.
In chess endgames with a bishop, a pawn that is a may be the wrong rook pawn.
Yasser Seirawan (ياسر سيروان; born March 24, 1960) is an American chess grandmaster and four-time United States champion.
Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.