61 relations: Aron Nimzowitsch, Back-rank checkmate, Backward pawn, Bare king, Bishop (chess), Boden's Mate, Castling, Checkmate, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess middlegame, Chess opening, Chess piece relative value, Chess tactic, Chess theory, Combination (chess), Connected pawns, Doubled pawns, Dover Publications, Edward Lasker, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Fianchetto, First-move advantage in chess, Fork (chess), Glossary of chess, Grandmaster (chess), Half-open file, Howard Staunton, Hypermodernism (chess), Isolated pawn, King (chess), Knight (chess), Larry Evans (chess grandmaster), Lasker versus Bauer, Amsterdam, 1889, Latvian Gambit, Luft, Max Euwe, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Open file, Opposite-colored bishops endgame, Outpost (chess), Passed pawn, Pawn (chess), Pawn structure, Pin (chess), Promotion (chess), Queen (chess), Réti Opening, Rook (chess), Rook and pawn versus rook endgame, ..., Ruy Lopez, School of chess, Sicilian Defence, Skewer (chess), Stockfish (chess), Tarrasch rule, Tempo (chess), The exchange (chess), Two knights endgame, Vladimir Kramnik, Zugzwang. Expand index (11 more) » « Shrink index
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
In chess, a back-rank checkmate (also known as the corridor mate) is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen along a back rank (that is, the row on which the pieces stand at the start of the game) in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because the king is blocked by friendly pieces (usually pawns) on the second rank.
In chess, a backward pawn is a pawn that is behind all pawns of the same color on the adjacent files and cannot be safely advanced.
In chess and chess variants, a bare king (or lone king) is a game position where one player has only the king remaining (i.e. all the player's other pieces have been).
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
Boden's Mate is a checkmating pattern in chess characterized by bishops on two criss-crossing diagonals (for example, bishops on a6 and f4 delivering mate to a king on c8), with possible flight squares for the king being occupied by friendly pieces.
Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
In chess, a tactic refers to a sequence of moves that limits the opponent's options and may result in tangible gain.
The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.
In chess, a combination is a sequence of moves, often initiated by a sacrifice, which leaves the opponent few options and results in tangible gain.
In chess, connected pawns are two or more pawns of the same color on adjacent files, as distinct from isolated pawns.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
Dover Publications, also known as Dover Books, is an American book publisher founded in 1941 by Hayward Cirker and his wife, Blanche.
Edward Lasker (December 3, 1885 – March 25, 1981) was a German-American chess and Go player.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
The first-move advantage in chess is the inherent advantage of the player (White) who makes the first move in chess.
In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
In chess, a half-open file (or semi-open file) is a with only pawns of one color.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Hypermodernism is a school of chess that emerged after World War I. It featured challenges to the chess ideas of central European masters, including Wilhelm Steinitz's approach to the centre and the rules established by Siegbert Tarrasch.
In chess, an isolated pawn is a pawn that has no friendly pawn on an adjacent.
In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
Larry Melvyn Evans (March 22, 1932 – November 15, 2010) was an American chess grandmaster, author, and journalist.
The chess game between Emanuel Lasker and Johann Bauer played in Amsterdam in 1889 is one of the most famous on account of Lasker's sacrifice of both bishops to eliminate the pawn cover around his opponent's king, winning material and the game.
The Latvian Gambit (or Greco Countergambit) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: It is one of the oldest chess openings, having been analysed in the 17th century by Gioachino Greco, after whom it is sometimes named.
Luft, the German word for "air" (sometimes also "space" or "breath"), is used by some chess writers and commentators to denote a space or square left by a pawn move into which a castled king may move, especially such a space made with the intention of avoiding a back rank checkmate.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
An open file in chess is a with no pawns of either color on it.
The opposite-colored bishops endgame is a chess endgame in which each side has a single bishop, but the bishops reside on opposite-colored squares on the chessboard, thus cannot attack or block each other.
An outpost is a square on the fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh which is protected by a pawn and which cannot be attacked by an opponent's pawn.
In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth; i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on either the same or adjacent files.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
In chess, a pin is a situation brought on by an attacking piece in which a defending piece cannot move without exposing a more valuable defending piece on its other side to capture by the attacking piece.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves: White plans to bring the d5-pawn under attack from the, or entice it to advance to d4 and undermine it later.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
The rook and pawn versus rook endgame is of fundamental importance to chess endgames,,,, and has been widely studied,. Precise play is usually required in these positions.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
A school of chess denotes a chess player or group of players that share common ideas about the strategy of the game.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
In chess, a skewer is an attack upon two pieces in a line and is similar to a pin.
Stockfish is a free and open-source UCI chess engine, available for various desktop and mobile platforms.
The Tarrasch rule is a general principle that applies in the majority of chess middlegames and endgames.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
The two knights endgame is a chess endgame with a king and two knights versus a king.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.