359 relations: Abolitionism, Abraham Lincoln, Admission to practice law, Albany Rural Cemetery, Albany, New York, Alexander McClure, Alfred Pleasonton, Alonzo B. Cornell, American Civil War, American Indian Wars, American Presidents: Life Portraits, American Revolution, Andrew Johnson, Arthur Cottage, Assassination of James A. Garfield, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, B. Platt Carpenter, Balanced budget, Ballston Spa, New York, Barre Granite, Belfast, Benjamin H. Brewster, Berkshire, Vermont, Blanche Bruce, Bleeding Kansas, Bolivia, Bourbon Democrat, Brigadier general (United States), Bright's disease, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Burlingame Treaty, Burlington, Vermont, C-SPAN, Calvary Church (Manhattan), Calvin Coolidge, Captain (United States O-3), Century Association, ChalkZone, Charles J. Folger, Charles J. Guiteau, Charles K. Graham, Chester A. Arthur (sculpture), Chester A. Arthur Home, Chester Alan Arthur II, Chester, Pennsylvania, Chief engineer, Chinese Exclusion Act, Church of the Heavenly Rest, Civil Rights Act of 1875, Civil Rights Cases, ..., Civil service entrance examination, Classical education movement, Cohoes, New York, Collector of the Port of New York, Colonel, Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Confederate States of America, Congressional caucus, Consul (representative), Continental Army, Convulsion, County Antrim, Court-martial, Crow Creek Indian Reservation, Cullybackey, Custom house, Dakota Territory, Dark horse, David Davis (Supreme Court justice), David G. Swaim, Dawes Act, Democratic Party (United States), Desegregation, Die Hard with a Vengeance, Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era, Dorman Bridgman Eaton, Dunham, Quebec, Edmunds Act, Edward Cooper (mayor), Edwin Atkins Merritt, Edwin D. Morgan, Elbridge G. Lapham, Electoral College (United States), Electoral Commission (United States), Elihu Root, Elizabeth Jennings Graham, Ephraim Keyser, Erastus D. Culver, Excise, Executive order, Face (sociological concept), Fairfield, Vermont, Federal Hall, Fenian Brotherhood, First inauguration of Calvin Coolidge, First inauguration of George Washington, Frank Hatton (U.S. politician), Frederick Douglass, Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, Fredericksburg, Virginia, Free Will Baptist, Futurama, Gavin Arthur, George Edwin Bissell, George F. Edmunds, George Graham Vest, George H. Pendleton, George H. Sharpe, George Washington, Governess, Grand Army of the Republic, Greenback Party, Greenwich (town), New York, Greenwich (village), New York, Grover Cleveland, Habeas corpus, Half-Breeds (politics), Harry M. Daugherty, Hatmaking, Henry Clay, Henry M. Teller, Historical rankings of presidents of the United States, History (U.S. TV network), History of the National Park Service, Honorary degree, Hoosick, New York, Horace Gray, Horatio Seymour, Hugh McCulloch, Hung jury, Immigration Act of 1882, Inspector general, Intellectual disability, Internal improvements, Intracerebral hemorrhage, Ireland, Irish republicanism, Irvin McDowell, James A. Garfield, James G. Blaine, James K. Polk, Jericho, Vermont, Jersey Shore, John A. Logan, John Augustus Griswold, John Calvin Coolidge Sr., John Franklin Miller (senator), John Jay, John Jay (lawyer), John Milton Gregory, John P. Jones, John R. Brady, John Roach & Sons, John Sherman, Johnson Chesnut Whittaker, Judge Advocate General of the United States Army, Judge Advocate General's Corps, United States Army, Julia Sand, Justice of the peace, Kansas City Public Library, Kidney, Kingdom of Hawaii, L. Bradford Prince, Lame-duck session, Lansingburgh, New York, Legum Doctor, Lemmon v. New York, Leroy D. Thoman, Levi P. Morton, Liberal Republican Party (United States), Library of Congress, Lieutenant colonel (United States), Lisa the Iconoclast, List of ambassadors of the United States to France, List of Latin phrases (P), List of Presidents of the United States, List of Presidents of the United States by previous experience, List of tie-breaking votes cast by vice presidents of the United States, List of United States Republican Party presidential tickets, Louis Comfort Tiffany, Lower Canada, Madison Square and Madison Square Park, Major (United States), Manhattan, Mark Twain, Marsena R. Patrick, Mary Arthur McElroy, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, Medford, Oregon, Menands, New York, Mental disorder, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Miller Center of Public Affairs, Monitor (warship), Morrison Waite, Nathan Clifford, Native Americans in the United States, Natural-born-citizen clause, Nell Arthur, Nephritis, New London, Connecticut, New York (state), New York Army National Guard, New York Court of Appeals, New York Court of Chancery, New York Guard, New York Republican State Committee, New York State Legislature, New York Supreme Court, Notary public, Oath of office of the President of the United States, Of counsel, Ogdensburg, Wisconsin, Panic of 1873, Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, Peninsula Campaign, Perry, New York, Peru, Phi Beta Kappa, Pillory, Political machine, Poll taxes in the United States, Polygamy, Pownal, Vermont, Presbyterianism, President of the United States, President pro tempore of the United States Senate, Princeton University, Protected cruiser, Protectionism, Quartermaster, Quartermaster general, Reading law, Readjuster Party, Recess appointment, Reconstruction era, Republican National Committee, Republican Party (United States), Reuben Fenton, Richard T. Merrick, Rivers and Harbors Act, Robert R. Livingston (chancellor), Robert Todd Lincoln, Roscoe Conkling, Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Blatchford, Samuel J. Kirkwood, Samuel J. Tilden, Santo Domingo, Sarcophagus, Schaghticoke (town), New York, Schenectady, New York, Secession in the United States, Second inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Silas W. Burt, Solid South, South Carolina, Southern United States, Spanish West Indies, Speculation, Spoils system, Squadron of Evolution, SS Central America, Stalwarts (politics), Star Route scandal, Star routes, State and National Law School, State of the Union, Stephen Wallace Dorsey, Supreme Court of the United States, Swing state, Tammany Hall, Tariff, Tariff of 1883, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Day the Earth Stood Stupid, The Simpsons, Theodore Roosevelt Sr., Thomas A. Hendricks, Thomas C. Platt, Thomas C. Reeves, Thomas J. Brady, Thomas Lemuel James, Thomas Murphy (Collector), Thurlow Weed, Ticket (election), Ticket balance, Timothy O. Howe, Town supervisor, Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Ulysses S. Grant, Union (American Civil War), Union College, United States, United States Civil Service Commission, United States Constitution, United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, United States Custom House (New York City), United States Customs Service, United States federal civil service, United States House Committee on Ways and Means, United States Military Academy, United States Navy, United States presidential election, 1864, United States presidential election, 1868, United States presidential election, 1872, United States presidential election, 1880, United States presidential election, 1884, United States presidential line of succession, United States Secretary of the Treasury, United States Senate, United States Senate election in New York, 1867, United States v. Wong Kim Ark, Upstate New York, USS Amphitrite (BM-2), USS Atlanta (1884), USS Boston (1884), USS Chicago (1885), USS Dolphin (PG-24), USS Monadnock (BM-3), USS Puritan (BM-1), USS Terror (BM-4), Utah Territory, Utica, New York, Veto, Vice President of the United States, Walter Q. Gresham, War of the Pacific, War profiteering, Ward Hunt, Warner Miller, Waterville, Vermont, Waving the bloody shirt, Wayne MacVeagh, Whig Party (United States), White House, William A. Wheeler, William D. Kelley, William E. Chandler, William H. Hunt, William H. Seward, William Lewis Herndon, William M. Evarts, William M. Tweed, William Mahone, William Orton (businessman), William Windom, Winfield Scott Hancock, Yellowstone National Park, York, New York, Zachary Karabell, 1876 Republican National Convention, 1880 Republican National Convention, 1884 Republican National Convention, 47th United States Congress, 48th United States Congress, 9th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment. 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Abolitionism is a general term which describes the movement to end slavery.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
An admission to practice law is acquired when a lawyer receives a license to practice law.
The Albany Rural Cemetery was established October 7, 1844, in Colonie, New York, just outside the city of Albany, New York.
Albany is the capital of the U.S. state of New York and the seat of Albany County.
Alexander Kelly McClure (January 9, 1828 – June 6, 1909) was a journalist, editor, writer, politician, and historian, active in Pennsylvania Republican Party politics, especially in the 1860s, and a prominent supporter, correspondent, and biographer of President Abraham Lincoln.
Alfred Pleasonton (July 7, 1824 – February 17, 1897) was a United States Army officer and major general of volunteers in the Union cavalry during the American Civil War.
Alonzo Barton Cornell (January 22, 1832 – October 15, 1904) was a New York politician and businessman who served as 27th Governor of New York from 1880 to 1882.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Indian Wars (or Indian Wars) is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.
American Presidents: Life Portraits is a series produced by C-SPAN in 1999.
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.
Arthur Cottage in the village of Cullybackey, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, is the ancestral home of Chester A. Arthur, the 21st President of the United States.
The assassination of James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States, began when he was shot at 9:30 am on July 2, 1881, less than four months into his term as President, and ended in his death 79 days later on September 19, 1881.
Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States.
Benjamin Platt Carpenter (May 14, 1837 – December 24, 1921) was an American lawyer and politician from New York and Montana.
A balanced budget (particularly that of a government) is a budget in which revenues are equal to expenditures.
Ballston Spa is a village in Saratoga County, New York, United States.
The E. L. Smith Quarry, where the Barre Granite is mined Another view of the quarry The Barre Granite /ˈbæri/ is a Devonian granite pluton near the town of Barre in Washington County, Vermont.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
Benjamin Harris Brewster (October 13, 1816 – April 4, 1888) was an attorney and politician from New Jersey, who served as United States Attorney General from 1881 to 1885.
Berkshire is a town in Franklin County, Vermont, United States.
Blanche Kelso Bruce (March 1, 1841March 17, 1898) was an African-American politician who represented Mississippi as a Republican in the United States Senate from 1875 to 1881; he was the first elected black senator to serve a full term.
Bleeding Kansas, Bloody Kansas or the Border War was a series of violent civil confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
Bourbon Democrat was a term used in the United States in the later 19th century (1872–1904) to refer to members of the Democratic Party who were ideologically aligned with conservatism or classical liberalism, especially those who supported presidential candidates Charles O'Conor in 1872, Samuel J. Tilden in 1876, President Grover Cleveland in 1884–1888/1892–1896 and Alton B. Parker in 1904.
In the United States Armed Forces, brigadier general (BG, BGen, or Brig Gen) is a one-star general officer with the pay grade of O-7 in the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force.
Bright's disease is a historical classification of kidney diseases that would be described in modern medicine as acute or chronic nephritis.
The Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) is a government agency within the United States Department of the Treasury that designs and produces a variety of security products for the United States government, most notable of which is Federal Reserve Notes (paper money) for the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank.
The Burlingame Treaty, also known as the Burlingame-Seward Treaty of 1868, was a landmark treaty between the United States and Qing China, amending the Treaty of Tientsin, one of the unequal treaties, to establish formal friendly relations between the two nations, with the United States granting China the status of most favored nation in trade.
Burlington is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Vermont and the seat of Chittenden County.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Calvary Church is an Episcopal church located at 277 Park Avenue South on the corner of East 21st Street in the Gramercy Park neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, on the border of the Flatiron District.
John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was an American politician and the 30th President of the United States (1923–1929).
In the United States Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), and U.S. Air Force (USAF), captain (abbreviated "CPT" in the USA and "Capt" in the USMC and USAF) is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.
__notoc__ The Century Association is a private club in New York City.
ChalkZone is an American animated television series created by Bill Burnett and Larry Huber for Nickelodeon.
Charles James Folger (April 16, 1818 – September 4, 1884) was an American lawyer and politician.
Charles Julius Guiteau (September 8, 1841June 30, 1882) was an American writer and lawyer who was convicted of the assassination of James A. Garfield, the 20th president of the United States.
Charles Kinnaird Graham (June 3, 1824 – April 15, 1889)Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001.
Chester Alan Arthur is an outdoor bronze sculpture depicting Chester A. Arthur by artist George Edwin Bissell and architect James Brown Lord, installed at Madison Square Park in Manhattan, New York.
The Chester A. Arthur Home was the residence of the 21st President of the United States, Chester A. Arthur (1829–1886), both before and after his four years in Washington D.C. while serving as Vice President and then as President.
Chester Alan Arthur II, also known as Alan Arthur, (July 25, 1864 – July 18, 1937) was a son of President Chester A. Arthur.
Chester is a city in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States.
A chief engineer is a senior engineer in an organization.
The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
The Church of the Heavenly Rest is an Episcopal church on the Upper East Side of New York City, located on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 90th Street, opposite Central Park and the Carnegie Mansion.
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 (–337), sometimes called Enforcement Act or Force Act, was a United States federal law enacted during the Reconstruction Era in response to civil rights violations to African Americans, "to protect all citizens in their civil and legal rights", giving them equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and to prohibit exclusion from jury service.
The Civil Rights Cases,,. were a group of five US Supreme Court constitutional law cases.
Civil service examinations (also public tendering) are examinations implemented in various countries for recruitment and admission to the civil service.
The Classical education movement advocates a form of education based in the traditions of Western culture, with a particular focus on education as understood and taught in Classical antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Cohoes, New York is an incorporated city located at the northeast corner of Albany County in the U.S. state of New York.
The Collector of Customs at the Port of New York, most often referred to as Collector of the Port of New York, sometimes also as Collector of Customs for the Port of New York or (erroneously) Collector of Customs for the District of New York, was a federal officer who was in charge of the collection of import duties on foreign goods that entered the United States by ship at the Port of New York.
Colonel ("kernel", abbreviated Col., Col or COL) is a senior military officer rank below the brigadier and general officer ranks.
The Commissioner of Internal Revenue (or IRS Commissioner) is the head of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), an agency within the United States Department of the Treasury.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
A congressional caucus is a group of members of the United States Congress that meets to pursue common legislative objectives.
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries.
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America.
A convulsion is a medical condition where body muscles contract and relax rapidly and repeatedly, resulting in an uncontrolled shaking of the body.
County Antrim (named after the town of Antrim)) is one of six counties that form Northern Ireland. Adjoined to the north-east shore of Lough Neagh, the county covers an area of and has a population of about 618,000. County Antrim has a population density of 203 people per square kilometre or 526 people per square mile. It is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland, as well as part of the historic province of Ulster. The Glens of Antrim offer isolated rugged landscapes, the Giant's Causeway is a unique landscape and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Bushmills produces whiskey, and Portrush is a popular seaside resort and night-life area. The majority of Belfast, the capital city of Northern Ireland, is in County Antrim, with the remainder being in County Down. It is currently one of only two counties of Ireland to have a majority of the population from a Protestant background, according to the 2001 census. The other is County Down to the south.
A court-martial or court martial (plural courts-martial or courts martial, as "martial" is a postpositive adjective) is a military court or a trial conducted in such a court.
The Crow Creek Indian Reservation (Kȟaŋğí Wakpá Oyáŋke) is located in parts of Buffalo, Hughes, and Hyde counties on the east bank of the Missouri River in central South Dakota in the United States.
Cullybackey or Cullybacky is a village in County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
A custom house or customs house was a building housing the offices for the government officials who processed the paperwork associated with importing and exporting goods into and out of a country.
The Territory of Dakota was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1861, until November 2, 1889, when the final extent of the reduced territory was split and admitted to the Union as the states of North and South Dakota.
A dark horse is a little-known person or thing that emerges to prominence, especially in a competition of some sort, or a contestant that seems unlikely to succeed.
David Davis (March 9, 1815 – June 26, 1886) was a United States Senator from Illinois and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court.
David Gaskill Swaim (1834–1897) was Judge Advocate General of the United States Army from February 18, 1881 to December 22, 1894.
The Dawes Act of 1887 (also known as the General Allotment Act or the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887), authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Desegregation is the process of ending the separation of two groups usually referring to races.
Die Hard with a Vengeance is a 1995 American action film and the third in the ''Die Hard'' film series.
Disenfranchisement after the Reconstruction Era in the United States of America was based on a series of laws, new constitutions, and practices in the South that were deliberately used to prevent black citizens from registering to vote and voting.
Dorman Bridgman Eaton (June 27, 1823December 23, 1899) was an American lawyer instrumental in American federal Civil Service reform.
Dunham is a city in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in Brome-Missisquoi Regional County Municipality.
The Edmunds Act, also known as the Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Act of 1882,U.S.History.com,.
Edward Cooper (October 26, 1824 – February 25, 1905) was the 83rd Mayor of New York City from 1879 to 1880.
Edwin Atkins Merritt (February 26, 1828 – December 26, 1916) was an American politician, civil service reformer and diplomat.
Edwin Denison Morgan (February 8, 1811February 14, 1883) was the 21st Governor of New York from 1859 to 1862 and served in the United States Senate from 1863 to 1869.
Elbridge Gerry Lapham (October 18, 1814January 8, 1890) was a U.S. Senator from New York from 1881–1885.
The United States Electoral College is the mechanism established by the United States Constitution for the election of the president and vice president of the United States by small groups of appointed representatives, electors, from each state and the District of Columbia.
The Electoral Commission was a temporary body created by Congress to resolve the disputed United States presidential election of 1876.
Elihu Root (February 15, 1845February 7, 1937) was an American lawyer and statesman who served as the Secretary of State under President Theodore Roosevelt and as Secretary of War under Roosevelt and President William McKinley.
Elizabeth Jennings Graham (March 1827 – June 5, 1901) was an African-American teacher and civil rights figure.
Ephraim Keyser (October 6, 1850 in Baltimore, Maryland – January 26, 1937) was an American sculptor.
Erastus Dean Culver (March 15, 1803 – October 13, 1889) was an attorney, politician, judge, and diplomat from New York City.
In the United States, an executive order is a directive issued by the President of the United States that manages operations of the federal government and has the force of law.
The term face idiomatically refers to one's own sense of self-image, dignity or prestige in social contexts.
Fairfield is a town in Franklin County, Vermont, United States.
Federal Hall is the name given to the first of two historic buildings located at 26 Wall Street, New York City.
The Fenian Brotherhood was an Irish republican organisation founded in the United States in 1858 by John O'Mahony and Michael Doheny.
The first inauguration of Calvin Coolidge as the 30th President of the United States was held on Friday, August 3, 1923 at the Coolidge Homestead in Plymouth Notch, Vermont, following the death of President Warren G. Harding the previous evening.
The first inauguration of George Washington as the first President of the United States was held on Thursday, April 30, 1789 on the balcony of Federal Hall in New York City, New York.
Frank Hatton (April 28, 1846 – April 30, 1894) was an American politician and newspaperman.
Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey; – February 20, 1895) was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman.
Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen (August 4, 1817May 20, 1885) was an American lawyer and politician from New Jersey who served as a U.S. Senator and later as United States Secretary of State under President Chester A. Arthur.
Fredericksburg is an independent city located in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Free Will Baptist is a denomination and group of people that believe in free grace, free salvation and free will.
Futurama is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
Gavin Arthur (born Chester Alan Arthur III; March 21, 1901 – April 28, 1972) was a San Francisco astrologer and sexologist and a grandson of American President Chester A. Arthur.
George Edwin Bissell (February 16, 1839 – August 30, 1920) was an American sculptor.
George Franklin Edmunds (February 1, 1828February 27, 1919) was a Republican U.S. Senator from Vermont.
George Graham Vest (December 6, 1830August 9, 1904) was a U.S. politician.
George Hunt Pendleton (July 19, 1825November 24, 1889) was an American politician and lawyer.
George Henry Sharpe (February 26, 1828 – January 13, 1900) was an American lawyer, soldier, secret service officer, diplomat, politician and a Member of the Board of General Appraisers.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
A governess is a woman employed to teach and train children in a private household.
The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army (United States Army), Union Navy (U.S. Navy), Marines and the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War for the Northern/Federal forces.
The Greenback Party (known successively as the Independent Party, the National Independent Party, and the Greenback Labor Party) was an American political party with an anti-monopoly ideology which was active between 1874 and 1889.
Greenwich is a town in the southwest part of Washington County, New York, United States.
Greenwich is a village in Washington County, New York, United States.
Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was an American politician and lawyer who was the 22nd and 24th President of the United States, the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office (1885–1889 and 1893–1897).
Habeas corpus (Medieval Latin meaning literally "that you have the body") is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful.
The "Half-Breeds" were a political faction of the United States Republican Party in the late 19th century.
Harry Micajah Daugherty (January 26, 1860 – October 21, 1941) was an American politician.
Hatmaking or millinery is the design, manufacture and sale of hats and head-wear.
Henry Clay Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852) was an American lawyer, planter, and statesman who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives.
Henry Moore Teller (May 23, 1830February 23, 1914) was an American politician from Colorado, serving as a US senator between 1876–1882 and 1885–1909, also serving as Secretary of the Interior between 1882 and 1885.
In political studies, surveys have been conducted in order to construct historical rankings of the success of individuals who have served as President of the United States.
History (originally The History Channel from 1995 to 2008) is a history-based digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by A&E Networks, a joint venture between the Hearst Communications and the Disney–ABC Television Group division of the Walt Disney Company.
Lee, Ronald F.; Family Tree of the National Park System, A Chart with Accompanying Text Designed to Illustrate the Growth of the National Park System 1872-1972; 1972 --> Since 1872 the United States National Park System has grown from a single, public reservation called Yellowstone National Park to embrace over 450 natural, historical, recreational, and cultural areas throughout the United States, its territories, and island possessions.
An honorary degree, in Latin a degree honoris causa ("for the sake of the honor") or ad honorem ("to the honor"), is an academic degree for which a university (or other degree-awarding institution) has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, a dissertation and the passing of comprehensive examinations.
Hoosick is a town in Rensselaer County, New York, United States.
Horace Gray (March 24, 1828 – September 15, 1902) was an American jurist who ultimately served on the United States Supreme Court.
Horatio Seymour (May 31, 1810February 12, 1886) was an American politician.
Hugh McCulloch (December 7, 1808 – May 24, 1895) was an American statesman who served two non-consecutive terms as U.S. Treasury Secretary under three presidents.
A hung jury or deadlocked jury is a judicial jury that cannot agree upon a verdict after extended deliberation and is unable to reach the required unanimity or supermajority.
The Immigration Act of 1882 was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on August 3, 1882.
An inspector general is an investigative official in a civil or military organization.
Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.
Internal improvements is the term used historically in the United States for public works from the end of the American Revolution through much of the 19th century, mainly for the creation of a transportation infrastructure: roads, turnpikes, canals, harbors and navigation improvements.
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), also known as cerebral bleed, is a type of intracranial bleed that occurs within the brain tissue or ventricles.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
Irish republicanism (poblachtánachas Éireannach) is an ideology based on the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.
Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 – May 4, 1885) was a career American army officer.
James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his assassination later that year.
James Gillespie Blaine (January 31, 1830January 27, 1893) was an American statesman and Republican politician who represented Maine in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1863 to 1876, serving as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1869 to 1875, and then in the United States Senate from 1876 to 1881.
James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) was an American politician who served as the 11th President of the United States (1845–1849).
Jericho is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States.
The Jersey Shore is the coastal region of the U.S. state of New Jersey.
John Alexander Logan (February 9, 1826 – December 26, 1886) was an American soldier and political leader.
John Augustus Griswold (November 11, 1818 – October 31, 1872) was an American businessman and politician from New York.
John Calvin Coolidge Sr. (March 31, 1845 – March 18, 1926) was an American politician and businessman from Vermont, and the father of John Calvin Coolidge Jr., the 30th President of the United States.
John Franklin Miller (November 21, 1831 – March 8, 1886) was a lawyer, businessman, and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
John Jay (December 12, 1745 – May 17, 1829) was an American statesman, Patriot, diplomat, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, negotiator and signatory of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, second Governor of New York, and the first Chief Justice of the United States (1789–1795).
John Jay (23 June 1817 – 5 May 1894) was an American lawyer and diplomat to Austria-Hungary, serving 1869-1875.
John Milton Gregory (July 6, 1822 – October 19, 1898) was an American educator and the first president (regent was his official title) of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, then known as Illinois Industrial University.
John Percival Jones (January 27, 1829November 27, 1912) was an American politician who served for 30 years as a Republican United States Senator from Nevada.
John Riker Brady (March 9, 1822 – March 16, 1891) was an American judge, a Justice of the New York Supreme Court, and best known for administering the presidential oath of office to Chester A. Arthur.
John Roach & Sons was a major 19th-century American shipbuilding and manufacturing firm founded in 1864 by Irish-American immigrant John Roach.
John Sherman (May 10, 1823October 22, 1900) was a politician from the U.S. state of Ohio during the American Civil War and into the late nineteenth century.
Johnson Chesnut Whittaker (August 23, 1858 – January 14, 1931) was one of the first black men to win an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point.
The Judge Advocate General of the United States Army (TJAG) is the commanding officer of the Judge Advocate General's Corps of the United States Army.
The Judge Advocate General's Corps of the United States Army is the legal arm of the United States Army.
Julia I. Sand (1850–1933) was an American woman who corresponded with the American President Chester A. Arthur, beginning in late August 1881.
A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer, of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission (letters patent) to keep the peace.
The Kansas City Public Library is a public system headquartered in the Central Library in Kansas City, Missouri.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
The Kingdom of Hawaiʻi originated in 1795 with the unification of the independent islands of Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Maui, Molokaʻi, and Lānaʻi under one government.
LeBaron Bradford Prince (July 3, 1840December 22, 1922) was the 14th Governor of New Mexico Territory from 1889 to 1893.
A lame-duck session of Congress in the United States occurs whenever one Congress meets after its successor is elected, but before the successor's term begins.
Lansingburgh was a village in the north end of Troy.
Legum Doctor (Latin: "teacher of the laws") (LL.D.; Doctor of Laws in English) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law, or an honorary doctorate, depending on the jurisdiction.
Lemmon v. New York, or Lemmon v. The People, popularly known as the Lemmon Slave Case, was a proceeding initiated in 1852 by a petition for a writ of habeas corpus, which was granted by the Superior Court in New York City and eventually affirmed by the New York Court of Appeals in 1860 on the eve of the Civil War.
Leroy Delano Thoman (July 31, 1851 – April 19, 1909) was an American judge and civil service commissioner.
Levi Parsons Morton (May 16, 1824 – May 16, 1920) was the 22nd Vice President of the United States.
The Liberal Republican Party of the United States was an American political party that was organized in May 1872 to oppose the reelection of President Ulysses S. Grant and his Radical Republican supporters in the presidential election of 1872.
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
In the United States Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force, a lieutenant colonel is a field grade military officer rank just above the rank of major and just below the rank of colonel.
"Lisa the Iconoclast" is the sixteenth episode of The Simpsons' seventh season.
The United States Ambassador to France is the official representative of the President of the United States to the President of France.
The President of the United States is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
Although many paths may lead to the Presidency of the United States, the most common job experience, occupation or profession of U.S. presidents has been lawyer.
The Vice President of the United States is the ex officio President of the Senate, as provided in Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, but may only vote in order to break a tie.
This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the Republican Party of the United States.
Louis Comfort Tiffany (February 18, 1848 – January 17, 1933) was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass.
The Province of Lower Canada (province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791–1841).
Madison Square is a public square formed by the intersection of Fifth Avenue and Broadway at 23rd Street in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, major is a field grade military officer rank above the rank of captain and below the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer.
Marsena Rudolph Patrick (March 15, 1811 – July 27, 1888) was a college president and an officer in the United States Army, serving as a general in the Union volunteer forces during the American Civil War.
Mary Arthur McElroy (July 5, 1841 – January 8, 1917) was the sister of the 21st President of the United States, Chester A. Arthur, and served as a hostess (acting as the First Lady) for his administration (1881–1885).
The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (SJC) is the highest court in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Medford is a city in, and county seat of, Jackson County, Oregon, United States.
Menands is a village in Albany County, New York, United States.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
The Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS), or simply as the Loyal Legion is a United States patriotic order, organized April 15, 1865, by officers of the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps of the United States who "had aided in maintaining the honor, integrity, and supremacy of the national movement" during the American Civil War.
The Miller Center is a nonpartisan affiliate of the University of Virginia that specializes in United States presidential scholarship, public policy, and political history and strives to apply the lessons of history to the nation’s most pressing contemporary governance challenges.
A monitor was a relatively small warship which was neither fast nor strongly armoured but carried disproportionately large guns.
Morrison Remick "Mott" Waite (November 29, 1816 – March 23, 1888) was an attorney, judge, and politician from Ohio.
Nathan Clifford (August 18, 1803 – July 25, 1881) was an American statesman, diplomat and jurist, whose career culminated in a lengthy period of service as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Status as a natural-born citizen of the United States is one of the eligibility requirements established in the United States Constitution for holding the office of President or Vice President.
Ellen Lewis "Nell" Herndon Arthur (August 30, 1837 – January 12, 1880) was the wife of the 21st President of the United States, Chester A. Arthur.
Nephritis is inflammation of the kidneys and may involve the glomeruli, tubules, or interstitial tissue surrounding the glomeruli and tubules.
New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The New York Army National Guard is a component of the New York National Guard and the Army National Guard.
The New York Court of Appeals is the highest court in the U.S. state of New York.
The New York Court of Chancery was the highest court in the State of New York from 1701 to 1847.
The New York Guard (NYG) is the state defense force of New York State, also called The New York State Military Reserve.
The New York Republican State Committee established 1855, is an affiliate of the United States Republican Party (GOP).
New York State Legislature are the two houses that act as the state legislature of the U.S. state of New York.
The Supreme Court of the State of New York is the trial-level court of general jurisdiction in the New York State Unified Court System.
A notary public (or notary or public notary) of the common law is a public officer constituted by law to serve the public in non-contentious matters usually concerned with estates, deeds, powers-of-attorney, and foreign and international business.
The oath of office of the President of the United States is the oath or affirmation that the President of the United States takes after assuming the presidency but before carrying out any duties of the office.
Of counsel is, in the legal profession of the United States, often the title of an attorney who has a relationship with a law firm or an organization, but is not an associate or a partner.
Ogdensburg is a village in Waupaca County, Wisconsin, United States.
The Panic of 1873 was a financial crisis that triggered a depression in Europe and North America that lasted from 1873 until 1879, and even longer in some countries (France and Britain).
The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act (ch. 27) is a United States federal law, enacted in 1883, which established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
The Peninsula Campaign (also known as the Peninsular Campaign) of the American Civil War was a major Union operation launched in southeastern Virginia from March through July 1862, the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater.
Perry is a town in Wyoming County, New York.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
The Phi Beta Kappa Society (ΦΒΚ) is the oldest academic honor society in the United States.
The pillory was a device made of a wooden or metal framework erected on a post, with holes for securing the head and hands, formerly used for punishment by public humiliation and often further physical abuse.
A political machine is a political group in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts.
A poll tax is a tax levied as a fixed sum on every liable individual.
Polygamy (from Late Greek πολυγαμία, polygamía, "state of marriage to many spouses") is the practice of marrying multiple spouses.
Pownal is a town in Bennington County, Vermont, United States.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The President pro tempore of the United States Senate (also president pro tem) is the second-highest-ranking official of the United States Senate.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey.
The protected cruiser is a type of naval cruiser of the late 19th century, so known because its armoured deck offered protection for vital machine spaces from fragments caused by exploding shells above.
Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.
Quartermaster is a military or naval term, the meaning of which depends on the country and service.
A quartermaster general is the staff officer in charge of supplies for a whole army.
Reading law is the method by which persons in common law countries, particularly the United States, entered the legal profession before the advent of law schools.
The Readjuster Party was a political biracial coalition formed in Virginia in the late 1870s during the turbulent period following the Reconstruction era.
In the United States, a recess appointment is an appointment by the President of a federal official when the U.S. Senate is in recess.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
The Republican National Committee (RNC) is a U.S. political committee that provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Reuben Eaton Fenton (July 4, 1819August 25, 1885) was an American merchant and politician from New York.
Richard Thomas Merrick (January 28, 1828 – June 23, 1885) was a lawyer and Democratic political figure.
Rivers and Harbors Act may refer to one of many pieces of legislation and appropriations passed by the United States Congress since the first such legislation in 1824.
Robert Robert Livingston (November 27, 1746 (Old Style November 16) – February 26, 1813) was an American lawyer, politician, diplomat from New York, and a Founding Father of the United States.
Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1, 1843 – July 26, 1926) was an American politician, lawyer, and businessman.
Roscoe Conkling (October 30, 1829April 18, 1888) was a politician from New York who served both as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) was the 19th President of the United States from 1877 to 1881, an American congressman, and governor of Ohio.
Samuel M. Blatchford (March 9, 1820 – July 7, 1893) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from April 3, 1882 until his death.
Samuel Jordan Kirkwood (December 20, 1813September 1, 1894), was an American politician best known as Iowa's American Civil War Governor.
Samuel Jones Tilden (February 9, 1814 – August 4, 1886) was the 25th Governor of New York and the Democratic candidate for president in the disputed election of 1876.
Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.
A sarcophagus (plural, sarcophagi) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried.
Schaghticoke is a town in Rensselaer County, New York, United States.
Schenectady is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat.
In the context of the United States, secession primarily refers to the withdrawal of one or more States from the Union that constitutes the United States; but may loosely refer to leaving a State or territory to form a separate territory or new State, or to the severing of an area from a city or county within a State.
The second inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States took place on Saturday, March 4, 1865.
The Seventeenth Amendment (Amendment XVII) to the United States Constitution established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states.
Silas Wright Burt (April 5, 1830 – November 30, 1912) was a civil service reformer and naval officer of the port of New York.
The Solid South or Southern bloc was the electoral voting bloc of the states of the Southern United States for issues that were regarded as particularly important to the interests of Democrats in the southern states.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
The Spanish West Indies or the Spanish Antilles (also known as "Las Antillas Occidentales" or simply "Las Antillas Españolas" in Spanish) was the former name of the Spanish colonies in the Caribbean.
Speculation is the purchase of an asset (a commodity, goods, or real estate) with the hope that it will become more valuable at a future date.
In politics and government, a spoils system (also known as a patronage system) is a practice in which a political party, after winning an election, gives government civil service jobs to its supporters, friends and relatives as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party—as opposed to a merit system, where offices are awarded on the basis of some measure of merit, independent of political activity.
The Squadron of Evolution—sometimes referred to as the "White Squadron"— was a transitional unit in the United States Navy, during the late 19th century.
SS Central America, known as the Ship of Gold, was a sidewheel steamer that operated between Central America and the eastern coast of the United States during the 1850s.
The Stalwarts were a faction of the Republican Party that existed briefly in the United States during and after Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, that is, during the 1870s and 1880s.
The Star Route scandal involved a lucrative 19th-century scheme whereby United States postal officials received bribes in exchange for awarding postal delivery contracts in southern and western areas.
Star routes is a term used in connection with the United States postal service and the contracting of mail delivery services.
State and National Law School was an early practical training law school founded in 1849 by John W. Fowler in Ballston Spa, New York located in Saratoga County.
The State of the Union Address is an annual message presented by the President of the United States to a joint session of the United States Congress, except in the first year of a new president's term.
Stephen Wallace Dorsey (February 28, 1842March 20, 1916) was a Republican member of the United States Senate from Arkansas with service for a single six-year term during the era of Reconstruction.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
In American politics, the term swing state refers to any state that could reasonably be won by either the Democratic or Republican presidential candidate.
Tammany Hall, also known as the Society of St.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
In United States tax law history, the Tariff of 1883 (signed into law on March 3, 1883), also known as the Mongrel Tariff Act by its critics, reduced high tariff rates only marginally, and left in place fairly strong protectionist barriers.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
"The Day the Earth Stood Stupid" is the seventh episode in season three of Futurama.
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
Theodore "Thee" Roosevelt Sr. (September 22, 1831 – February 9, 1878) was an American businessman and philanthropist from the Roosevelt family.
Thomas Andrews Hendricks (September 7, 1819November 25, 1885) was an American politician and lawyer from Indiana who served as the 16th Governor of Indiana (1873–77) and the 21st Vice President of the United States (1885).
Thomas Collier Platt (July 15, 1833 – March 6, 1910) was a two-term member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1873–1877) and a three-term U.S. Senator from New York in the years 1881 and 1897–1909.
Thomas C. Reeves (born 1936) is a U.S historian who specializes in late 19th and 20th century America.
Thomas Jefferson Brady (February 12, 1839 – April 22, 1904) was an American Republican politician and Civil War officer.
Thomas Lemuel James (March 29, 1831 – September 11, 1916) was an American journalist, government official, and banker who served as the United States Postmaster General in 1881.
Thomas Murphy (1821 – August 17, 1901) was an Irish-American businessman and politician from New York City, serving as a New York state senator for a total of three terms, 1866 through 1867, and in 1879.
Thurlow Weed (November 15, 1797 – November 22, 1882) was a New York newspaper publisher and Whig and Republican politician.
A ticket refers to a single election choice which fills more than one political office or seat.
In United States politics, balancing the ticket is when a political candidate chooses a running mate, usually of the same party, with the goal of bringing more widespread appeal to the campaign.
Timothy Otis Howe (February 24, 1816March 25, 1883) was a member of the United States Senate, representing the state of Wisconsin from March 4, 1861 to March 3, 1879.
Town supervisor is an elective legislative position in New York towns.
The Twelfth Amendment (Amendment XII) to the United States Constitution provides the procedure for electing the President and Vice President.
The Twenty-fifth Amendment (Amendment XXV) to the United States Constitution deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President as well as responding to Presidential disabilities.
Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
Union College is a private, non-denominational liberal arts college located in Schenectady, New York, United States.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Civil Service Commission was a government agency of the federal government of the United States and was created to select employees of federal government on merit rather than relationships.
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals.
The United States Custom House, sometimes referred to as the New York Custom House, was the place where federal customs duties on imported goods were collected in New York City.
The United States Customs Service was an agency of the U.S. federal government that collected import tariffs and performed other selected border security duties.
The United States federal civil service is the civilian workforce (i.e., non-elected and non-military, public sector employees) of the United States federal government's departments and agencies.
The Committee on Ways and Means is the chief tax-writing committee of the United States House of Representatives.
The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, Army West Point, The Academy or simply The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West Point, New York, in Orange County.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States presidential election of 1864, the 20th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 8, 1864.
The United States presidential election of 1868 was the 21st quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1868.
The United States presidential election of 1872 was the 22nd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1872.
The United States presidential election of 1880 was the 24th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1880.
The United States presidential election of 1884 was the 25th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1884.
The United States presidential line of succession is the order in which officials of the United States federal government discharge the powers and duties of the office of President of the United States if the incumbent president becomes incapacitated, dies, resigns, or is removed from office (by impeachment by the House of Representatives and subsequent conviction by the Senate) during their four-year term of office.
The Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also included several federal law enforcement agencies.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The 1867 United States Senate election in New York was held on January 15, 1867, by the New York State Legislature to elect a U.S. Senator (Class 3) to represent the State of New York in the United States Senate.
United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 649 (1898),.
Upstate New York is the portion of the American state of New York lying north of the New York metropolitan area.
The second USS Amphitrite—the lead ship in her class of iron-hulled, twin-screw monitors—was laid down (dimantled and reconstructed), on June 23, 1874 by order of President Ulysess S. Grant's Secretary of Navy George M. Robeson at Wilmington, Delaware, by the Harlan and Hollingsworth yard; launched on 7 June 1883; sponsored by Miss Nellie Benson, the daughter of a Harlan and Hollingsworth official; and commissioned at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia, on 23 April 1895, Captain William C. Wise in command.
The second USS Atlanta was a protected cruiser and one of the first steel warships of the "New Navy" of the 1880s.
The fifth USS Boston was a protected cruiser and one of the first steel warships of the "New Navy" of the 1880s.
The first USS Chicago (later CA-14) was a protected cruiser of the United States Navy, the largest of the original three authorized by Congress for the "New Navy".
USS Dolphin (PG-24) was a gunboat/dispatch vessel; the fourth ship of the United States Navy to be named for the dolphin.
The second USS Monadnock was an iron-hulled, twin-screw, double-turreted monitor of the in the United States Navy which saw service in the Spanish–American War.
The second USS Puritan was a Puritan-class monitor in the United States Navy, constructed in 1882.
USS Terror (Monitor No. 4)—the totally rebuilt version of the earlier monitor, which had shared the Terror's name—was an iron-hulled, twin-screw, double-turreted monitor of the; on June 23, 1874 by order of President Ulysses S. Grant's Secretary of Navy George M. Robeson in response to the Virginius Incident laid down (scrapped and rebuilt) at Philadelphia contracted by William Cramp and Sons.
The Territory of Utah was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from September 9, 1850, until January 4, 1896, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Utah, the 45th state.
Utica is a city in the Mohawk Valley and the county seat of Oneida County, New York, United States.
A veto – Latin for "I forbid" – is the power (used by an officer of the state, for example) to unilaterally stop an official action, especially the enactment of legislation.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Walter Quintin Gresham (March 17, 1832 – May 28, 1895) was an American statesman and jurist.
The War of the Pacific (Guerra del Pacífico), also known as the Salpeter War (Guerra del Salitre) and by multiple other names (see the etymology section below) was a war between Chile on one side and a Bolivian-Peruvian alliance on the other.
A war profiteer is any person or organization that profits from warfare or by selling weapons and other goods to parties at war.
Ward Hunt (June 14, 1810 – March 24, 1886), was an American jurist and politician.
Warner Miller (August 12, 1838March 21, 1918) was a Representative and a United States Senator from New York.
Waterville is a town in Lamoille County, Vermont, United States.
In the American election campaigns in the 19th century, "waving the bloody shirt" was a phrase used to ridicule opposing politicians who made emotional calls to avenge the blood of the northern soldiers that died in the Civil War.
Isaac Wayne MacVeagh (April 19, 1833January 11, 1917) was an American lawyer, politician and diplomat.
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
William Almon Wheeler (June 30, 1819 – June 4, 1887) was an American politician and attorney.
William Darrah Kelley (April 12, 1814 – January 9, 1890) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.
William Eaton Chandler (December 28, 1835November 30, 1917) was a lawyer who served as United States Secretary of the Navy and as a U.S. Senator from New Hampshire.
William Henry Hunt (June 12, 1823 – February 27, 1884) was the United States Secretary of the Navy under President James Garfield and briefly under President Chester A. Arthur.
William Henry Seward (May 16, 1801 – October 10, 1872) was United States Secretary of State from 1861 to 1869, and earlier served as Governor of New York and United States Senator.
Commander William Lewis Herndon (25 October 1813 – 12 September 1857) was one of the United States Navy's outstanding explorers and seamen.
William Maxwell Evarts (February 6, 1818February 28, 1901) was an American lawyer and statesman from New York who served as U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Senator from New York.
William Magear Tweed (April 3, 1823 – April 12, 1878)—often erroneously referred to as "William Marcy Tweed" (see below), and widely known as "Boss" Tweed—was an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th century New York City and State.
William Mahone (December 1, 1826October 8, 1895) was an American civil engineer, railroad executive, Confederate general, and politician.
William Orton (June 14, 1826 – April 22, 1878) was an American businessman who served as president of the Western Union Telegraph Company.
William Windom (May 10, 1827January 29, 1891) was an American politician from Minnesota.
Winfield Scott Hancock (February 14, 1824 – February 9, 1886) was a career U.S. Army officer and the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1880.
Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.
York is a town in western Livingston County, New York, United States.
Zachary Karabell is Head of Global Strategies at Envestnet, a publicly traded financial services firm.
The 1876 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at the Exposition Hall in Cincinnati, Ohio on June 14–16, 1876.
The 1880 Republican National Convention convened from June 2 to June 8, 1880, at the Interstate Exposition Building in Chicago, Illinois, United States, and nominated Representative James A. Garfield of Ohio and Chester A. Arthur of New York as the official candidates of the Republican Party for President and Vice President, respectively, in the 1880 presidential election.
The 1884 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention held at the Exposition Hall in Chicago, Illinois, on June 3–6, 1884.
The Forty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The Forty-Eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The 9th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
20th Vice President of the United States, 21st President of the United States, 21th President, Arthur P. Hinman, Chester A Arthur, Chester A. Arthur's, Chester Alan Arthur, Chester Arthur, Chet Arthur, Death of Chester A. Arthur, President Arthur, President Chester A. Arthur, President Chester Alan Arthur, President Chester Arthur, Twentieth Vice President of the United States, Twenty-first President of the United States, VP Arthur, Vice President Arthur.