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Abbott Laboratories is an American health care company with headquarters in Lake Bluff, Illinois, United States.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
Abraham Lincoln: The Head of State (also called Seated Lincoln or Sitting Lincoln) is a tall bronze statue of Abraham Lincoln in Grant Park, in Chicago.
Abraham Lincoln: The Man (also called Standing Lincoln) is a larger-than-life size bronze statue of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States.
The Academy of General Dentistry (AGD) is a professional association of general dentists from Canada and the United States.
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is the United States' largest organization of food and nutrition professionals, and represents over 100,000 credentialed practitioners — registered dietitian nutritionists, dietetic technicians, registered, and other dietetics professionals holding undergraduate and advanced degrees in nutrition and dietetics.
Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana, covering an area of with an estimated urban population of 2.27 million.
The Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) sets and enforces standards in physician continuing education (or 'lifelong learning') within the United States.
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is the body responsible for accrediting the majority of graduate medical training programs (i.e., internships, residencies, and fellowships, a.k.a. subspecialty residencies) for physicians in the United States.
Ace Hardware Corporation is an American hardware retailers' cooperative based in Oak Brook, Illinois, United States.
Adlai Ewing Stevenson II (February 5, 1900 – July 14, 1965) was an American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, noted for his intellectual demeanor, eloquent public speaking, and promotion of progressive causes in the Democratic Party.
The Adler Planetarium is a public museum dedicated to the study of astronomy and astrophysics.
Adler University is a nonprofit higher education institution enrolling more than 1,400 students in master’s and doctoral programs for social change through three campuses — downtown Chicago, Illinois, and Vancouver, British Columbia, and Online.
Advanced Placement (AP) is a program in the United States and Canada created by the College Board which offers college-level curricula and examinations to high school students.
Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Agora is an installation of 106 headless and armless iron sculptures at the south end of Grant Park in Chicago.
Airports Council International (ACI) is the only global trade representative of the world’s airport authorities.
Alphonse Gabriel Capone (January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947), sometimes known by the nickname "Scarface", was an American gangster and businessman who attained notoriety during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit.
American Albanians (singular: Shqiptar i Amerikes / plural: Shqiptaret e Amerikes) are Americans of full or partial Albanian ancestry.
Albany Park is one of 77 well-defined community areas of Chicago.
Albert Anderson Raby (1933 – November 23, 1988) was a teacher at Chicago's Hess Upper Grade Center who secured the support of Martin Luther King Jr. to desegregate schools and housing in Chicago between 1965 and 1967.
Albin Polasek (February 14, 1879 – May 19, 1965) was a Czech-American sculptor and educator.
An alderman is a member of a municipal assembly or council in many jurisdictions founded upon English law.
Alexander Calder (July 22, 1898 – November 11, 1976) is widely considered to be one of the most important American sculptors of the 20th century.
Alinea is a restaurant in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Alison Saar (born February 5, 1956) is a Los Angeles, California based sculptor, mixed-media, and installation artist.
Allium tricoccum (commonly known as ramp, ramps, spring onion, ramson, wild leek, wood leek, and wild garlic) is a North American species of wild onion widespread across eastern Canada and the eastern United States.
Allstate Arena is a multi-purpose arena in Rosemont, Illinois, United States.
Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative) is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became widely popular in the 1990s.
The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) is the professional association of nurse anesthetists in the United States.
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American College of Surgeons is an educational association of surgeons founded in 1912.
The American Community Survey (ACS) is an ongoing survey by the U.S. Census Bureau.
The American Dental Association (ADA) is an American professional association established in 1859 which has more than 155,000 members.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
American Heritage is a magazine dedicated to covering the history of the United States of America for a mainstream readership.
The American Hospital Association (AHA) is a professional association that seeks to promote quality health care provision by hospitals and health care networks through public policy and providing information about health care and health administration to health care providers and the public.
American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Americans who are Jews, whether by religion, ethnicity or nationality.
American literature is literature written or produced in the United States and its preceding colonies (for specific discussions of poetry and theater, see Poetry of the United States and Theater in the United States).
The American Medical Association (AMA), founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1897, is the largest association of physicians—both MDs and DOs—and medical students in the United States.
The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) is the representative member organization for the more than 129,000 osteopathic medical doctors (D.O.s) and osteopathic medical students in the United States.
The American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) is a professional association based in Chicago, Illinois encompassing 130,000 pathologists and laboratory professionals.
Amman (عمّان) is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country's economic, political and cultural centre.
The National Railroad Passenger Corporation, doing business as Amtrak, is a passenger railroad service that provides medium- and long-distance intercity service in the contiguous United States and to three Canadian cities.
Anarchism is a political philosophy that advocates self-governed societies based on voluntary institutions.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Sir Anish Mikhail Kapoor, (born 12 March 1954) is a British sculptor.
Anton Joseph Cermak (Antonín Josef Čermák,; May 9, 1873 – March 6, 1933) was an American politician who served as the 34th mayor of Chicago, Illinois from April 7, 1931 until his death on March 6, 1933 from complications of an assassination attempt 23 days earlier.
The Aon Center (200 East Randolph Street, formerly Amoco Building) is a modern supertall skyscraper in the Chicago Loop, Chicago, Illinois, United States, designed by architect firms Edward Durell Stone and The Perkins and Will partnership, and completed in 1974 as the Standard Oil Building.
The Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) is an American global food processing and commodities trading corporation, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
Area code 312 is the telephone area code for downtown Chicago, which includes the Chicago Loop and its immediate environs.
Area code 773 went into effect in the city of Chicago, Illinois, on October 12, 1996, with a brief grace period that ended on January 11, 1997.
Area code 872 is a North American Numbering Plan overlay of telephone area codes 312 and 773 in Chicago, Illinois, and entered service on November 7, 2009.
The Arizona Cardinals are a professional American football franchise based in the Phoenix metropolitan area.
Armour & Company was an American company that used to be one of the five leading firms in the meat packing industry.
Armour Square is a Chicago neighborhood on the city's South Side, as well as a larger, officially defined community area which also includes Chinatown and the CHA Wentworth Gardens housing project.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
The Art Institute of Chicago, founded in 1879 and located in Chicago's Grant Park, is one of the oldest and largest art museums in the United States.
Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Au jus is a French culinary term meaning "with juice".
The Auditorium Building in Chicago is one of the best-known designs of Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler.
Augustus Saint-Gaudens (March 1, 1848 – August 3, 1907) was an American sculptor of the Beaux-Arts generation who most embodied the ideals of the "American Renaissance".
Autumn, also known as fall in American and Canadian English, is one of the four temperate seasons.
Avard Tennyson Fairbanks (March 2, 1897 – January 1, 1987) was a prolific 20th-century American sculptor.
Łazienki Park (Park Łazienkowski or Łazienki Królewskie: "Baths Park" or "Royal Baths"; also rendered "Royal Baths Park") is the largest park in Warsaw, Poland, occupying 76 hectares of the city center.
Baltimore is the largest city in the U.S. state of Maryland, and the 30th-most populous city in the United States.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
The Barack Obama Presidential Center is the planned presidential center of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States.
Barbara Rossi (born 1940) is a Chicago artist, one of the original Chicago Imagists, a group in the 1960s and 1970s who turned to representational art.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Basecamp, formerly named 37signals, is a privately held American web application company based in Chicago, Illinois.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
Batcolumn (or Bat Column) is a outdoor sculpture in Chicago.
Batman Begins is a 2005 superhero film based on the DC Comics character Batman, directed by Christopher Nolan and written by Nolan and David S. Goyer.
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice is a 2016 American superhero film featuring the DC Comics characters Batman and Superman.
Batman: Gotham by Gaslight is an American animated steampunk superhero alternate history action horror film produced by Warner Bros. Animation and distributed by Warner Bros. Home Entertainment.
The Battle of Fort Dearborn (sometimes Fort Dearborn Massacre) was an engagement between United States troops and Potawatomi Indians that occurred on August 15, 1812, near Fort Dearborn in what is now Chicago, Illinois (then an undeveloped part of the Illinois Territory).
Baxter International Inc. is a Fortune 500 American health care company with headquarters in Deerfield, Illinois.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Belmont Avenue (3200 N) is a major east-west street on the North Side of Chicago.
Benjamin Franklin Ferguson (died 1905) was an American lumber merchant and co-founder of the Santee River Cypress Lumber Company.
Bertel Thorvaldsen (19 November 1770 – 24 March 1844) was a Danish sculptor of international fame, who spent most of his life (1797–1838) in Italy.
Beverly is one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois.
Beyond the Beltway, hosted by Bruce DuMont, is a nationally syndicated political talk-radio show based in Chicago.
A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.
The Big East Conference (stylized as BIG EAST) is a collegiate athletic conference that competes in NCAA Division I in all sports except football, which is not sponsored.
The Big Ten Conference (B1G), formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States.
"Bill Swerski's Superfans" was a recurring sketch about Chicago sports fans on the American sketch comedy program Saturday Night Live.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
During the first half of the nineteenth century, as many as one million enslaved Africans were transported through sales in the domestic slave trade to the Deep South in a forced migration to work as laborers for the region's cotton plantations.
Blockbusting is a business process of U.S. real estate agents and building developers to convince white property owners to sell their house at low prices, which they do by promoting fear in those house owners that racial minorities will soon be moving into the neighborhood.
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
A blue bag is a blue coloured, semi-transparent bag for waste, mandated for use in some localities for refuse or for certain specific types of refuse: the distinguishing color serves to assist in recycling programs.
Blue Cross Blue Shield Association (BCBSA) is a federation of 36 separate United States health insurance organizations and companies, providing health insurance in the United States to more than 106 million people.
The Blue Line, also known as the O'Hare-Congress Line and the West-Northwest Line, is a long Chicago "L" line which extends through the Loop from O'Hare International Airport at the far northwest end of the city, through downtown via the Milwaukee-Dearborn Subway and across the West Side to its southwest end at Forest Park, with a total of 33 stations.
Robert Marvin Hull, OC (born January 3, 1939) is a Canadian former ice hockey player who is regarded as one of the greatest players of all time.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
Bosnian Americans are Americans whose ancestry can be traced to Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A boulevard (French, from Bolwerk – bulwark, meaning bastion), often abbreviated Blvd, is a type of large road, usually running through a city.
Boundless was an American company, founded in 2011, which created free and low-cost textbooks and distributed them online.
The Brass Era is an American term for the early period of automotive manufacturing, named for the prominent brass fittings used during this time for such things as lights and radiators.
Brewster's Millions is a novel written by George Barr McCutcheon in 1902, originally under the pseudonym of Richard Greaves.
Bridgeview is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
British International School of Chicago, Lincoln Park (BISC Lincoln Park) is a private international school for Pre Nursery to Year 6 students (ages 2 to 11) located in the Clybourn Corridor of Cook County, Illinois.
Broadway is a major street in Chicago's Lake View, Uptown, and Edgewater community areas on the city's North Side, running from Diversey Parkway (2800 North) to Devon Avenue (6400 North).
Broadway In Chicago is a theatrical production company.
Broadway Playhouse at Water Tower Place is operated by Broadway In Chicago, a Nederlander Presentation.
Brookfield Zoo, also known as the Chicago Zoological Park, is a zoo located in the Chicago suburb of Brookfield, Illinois.
Brookfield (formerly Grossdale) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States, located west of downtown Chicago.
Brother Rice High School is a Catholic, all male college preparatory institution in Chicago, Illinois administered under the Congregation of Christian Brothers.
The Brown Line (or the Ravenswood Line) of the Chicago "L" system, is an route with 27 stations between Chicago's Albany Park neighborhood and downtown Chicago.
Bruce DuMont (born June 18, 1944 in New London, Connecticut) is an American broadcaster and political analyst based in Chicago, Illinois.
Buckingham Fountain is a Chicago landmark in the center of Grant Park.
The Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic (also known as The Bud Billiken Day Parade) is an annual parade held since 1929 in Chicago, Illinois, United States; it is the largest African-American parade in the nation.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Adelard Cunin (August 21, 1893 – February 25, 1957), better known as George 'Bugs' Moran, was a Chicago Prohibition-era gangster.
Bulgarian Americans are Americans of Bulgarian descent.
A bungalow is a type of building, originally developed in the Bengal region in South Asia.
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice.
Burnham Park is a public park located in Chicago, Illinois.
The Burnham Plan is a popular name for the 1909 Plan of Chicago, co-authored by Daniel Burnham and Edward H. Bennett.
Busan, formerly known as Pusan and now officially is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants.
Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to paying subscribers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables.
Cabrini–Green Homes, which comprised the Frances Cabrini Row-houses and William Green Homes, was a Chicago Housing Authority (CHA) public housing project located on the Near North Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Cadillac Palace Theatre (originally known as the New Palace Theatre) is operated by Broadway In Chicago, a Nederlander company.
The Calumet River is a system of heavily industrialized rivers and canals in the region between the neighborhood of South Chicago in Chicago, Illinois, and the city of Gary, Indiana.
Carbondale is a city in Jackson County, Illinois, United States, within the Southern Illinois region informally known as "Little Egypt." The city developed from 1853 because of the stimulation of railroad construction into the area.
CareerBuilder is an online employment website, founded in 1995 and with offices in the United States, Canada, Europe and Asia.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Carl August Sandburg (January 6, 1878 – July 22, 1967) was a Swedish-American poet, writer, and editor.
The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education is a framework for classifying colleges and universities in the United States.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
Cash Cab is a TV game show devised by Adam Wood and Mat Steiner that originated in the United Kingdom and has been licensed to television networks in numerous other countries.
Caterpillar Inc. is an American Fortune 100 corporation which designs, develops, engineers, manufactures, markets and sells machinery, engines, financial products and insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.
Catholic schools are parochial schools or education ministries of the Roman Catholic Church.
Catholic Theological Union (CTU) is a Roman Catholic graduate school of theology in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
CBS Radio was a radio broadcasting company and radio network operator owned by CBS Corporation, and consolidated radio station groups owned by CBS and Westinghouse Broadcasting/Group W since the 1920s and Infinity Broadcasting since the 1970s.
Celery salt is a seasoned salt used as a food seasoning, made from ground seeds, which may come from celery or its relative lovage.
Central Park is an urban park in Manhattan, New York City.
The North American Central Time Zone (CT) is a time zone in parts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America, some Caribbean Islands, and part of the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
A Century of Progress International Exposition was a World's Fair registered under the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE), which was held in Chicago, as The Chicago World's Fair, from 1933 to 1934 to celebrate the city's centennial.
A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran.
Charles Trotter (September 8, 1959 – November 5, 2013) was an American chef and restaurateur.
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., doing business as Chase Bank, is a national bank headquartered in Manhattan, New York City, that constitutes the consumer and commercial banking subsidiary of the U.S. multinational banking and financial services holding company, JPMorgan Chase & Co.
Chase Tower, located in the Chicago Loop area of Chicago, in the U.S. state of Illinois at 10 South Dearborn Street, is a 60-story skyscraper completed in 1969.
The Chicago "L" (short for "elevated") is the rapid transit system serving the city of Chicago and some of its surrounding suburbs in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Chicago is a monthly magazine published by tronc.
The Chicago Academy for the Arts, founded in 1981, is an independent high school for the performing and visual arts located in the River West neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Architecture Foundation (CAF) is a nonprofit cultural organization based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, whose mission is to inspire people to discover why design matters.
Chicago Assembly (frequently Torrence Avenue Assembly) is Ford Motor Company's oldest continually-operated automobile manufacturing plant.
The Chicago Bears are a professional American football team based in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Black Renaissance (also known as the Black Chicago Renaissance) was a creative movement that blossomed out of the Chicago Black Belt on the city's South Side and spanned the 1930s and 1940s before a transformation in art and culture in the mid-1950s through the turn of the century.
The Chicago Blackhawks (spelled Black Hawks until 1986, and known colloquially as the Hawks) are a professional ice hockey team based in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago blues is a form of blues music indigenous to Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT), established on April 3, 1848, is one of the world's oldest futures and options exchanges.
The Chicago Board of Trade Building is a skyscraper located in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Board Options Exchange, located at 400 South LaSalle Street in Chicago, is the largest U.S. options exchange with annual trading volume that hovered around 1.27 billion contracts at the end of 2014.
The Chicago Botanic Garden is a living plant museum situated on nine islands in the Cook County Forest Preserves.
The Chicago Building or Chicago Savings Bank Building is an early skyscraper, built in 1904–1905.
The Chicago Bulls are an American professional basketball team based in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago City Council is the legislative branch of the government of the City of Chicago in Illinois.
The Chicago Cubs are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Cultural Center, opened in 1897, is a Chicago Landmark building that houses the city's official reception venue where the Mayor of Chicago has welcomed Presidents and royalty, diplomats and community leaders.
Chicago Dance Crash is an American hip hop/contemporary dance company based in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Department of Transportation (CDOT) is an executive department of the City of Chicago responsible for the safety, environmental sustainability, maintenance, and aesthetics of the surface transportation networks and public ways within the city.
Chicago Festival Ballet is a professional ballet company performing a repertoire of classical, romantic and neoclassical works in venues around the United States.
Chicago Fire is an American action-drama television series created by Michael Brandt and Derek Haas with Dick Wolf as executive producer.
The Chicago Fire Department (CFD) provides both fire suppression and emergency medical services to the city of Chicago, Illinois, United States, under the jurisdiction of the Mayor of Chicago.
Chicago Fire Soccer Club is an American professional soccer club based in the Chicago suburb of Bridgeview, Illinois.
The Chicago flood occurred on April 13, 1992, when the damaged wall of a utility tunnel beneath the Chicago River opened into a breach which flooded basements and underground facilities throughout the Chicago Loop with an estimated of water.
The Chicago Freedom Movement, also known as the Chicago open housing movement, was led by Martin Luther King Jr., James Bevel and Al Raby.
Chicago High School for the Arts (ChiArts) is a public 4–year college preparatory visual and performing arts high school located in the Humboldt Park neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The hip hop scene in Chicago, Illinois, has produced many artists of various styles.
Chicago History Museum (formerly known as the Chicago Historical Society) was founded in 1856 to study and interpret Chicago's history.
Chicago Hope is an American medical drama television series, created by David E. Kelley.
The Chicago Imagists are a group of representational artists associated with the School of the Art Institute of Chicago who exhibited at the Hyde Park Art Center in the late 1960s.
Chicago Innerview is an independent music magazine covering live music and events in Chicago.
The Loop is the central business district or downtown area of Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Marathon is a marathon held yearly in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Chicago Med is an American medical drama television series created by Dick Wolf and Matt Olmstead, and is the third installment of Dick Wolf’s ''Chicago'' franchise.
Chicago Medical School (CMS) is a medical school located in North Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) (often called "the Chicago Merc", or "the Merc") is an American financial and commodity derivative exchange based in Chicago and located at 20 S. Wacker Drive.
The Chicago metropolitan area, or Chicagoland, is the metropolitan area that includes the city of Chicago, Illinois, and its suburbs.
The Chicago Opera Theater (COT) is an American opera company based in Chicago, Illinois.
Chicago P.D. is an American police procedural drama television series created by Dick Wolf and Matt Olmstead as the second installment of Dick Wolf's ''Chicago'' franchise.
The historic Chicago park and boulevard system is a ring of parks connected by wide, planted-median boulevards that winds through the north, west, and south sides of the City of Chicago.
The Chicago Park District is the oldest and one of the largest park districts in the United States.
The Chicago Picasso (often just The Picasso) is an untitled monumental sculpture by Pablo Picasso in Chicago, Illinois.
Chicago Pile-1 (CP-1) was the world's first nuclear reactor.
The Chicago Police Department (CPD) is the law enforcement agency of the U.S. city of Chicago, Illinois, under the jurisdiction of the City Council.
The Chicago Portage is a water gap, and in the past a sometime wind-gap portage, connecting the watersheds (BrE: drainage basins) and the navigable waterways of the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes.
The Chicago Pride Parade, also colloquially (and formerly) called the Chicago Gay Pride Parade or PRIDE Chicago, is the annual pride parade held on the last Sunday of June in Chicago, Illinois in the United States.
The Chicago Public Library (CPL) is the public library system that serves the City of Chicago in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Chicago Public Schools (CPS), officially classified as City of Chicago School District #299 for funding and districting reasons, in Chicago, Illinois, is the third largest school district in the U.S. (list of the largest school districts in the United States by enrollment).
The Chicago race riot of 1919 was a major racial conflict that began in Chicago, Illinois, on July 27, 1919, and ended on August 3.
The Chicago Reader, or Reader (stylized as ЯEADER), is an American alternative weekly newspaper in Chicago, Illinois, noted for its literary style of journalism and coverage of the arts, particularly film and theater.
The Chicago Red Stars is an American professional soccer club based in Chicago, competing in the National Women's Soccer League, who play their home games in Toyota Park.
The Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency Program (CREATE) is a $3.2 billion project to improve the efficiency of the rail network in the Chicago area by building, amongst other things, flyovers to separate rail traffic on conflicting lines.
The Chicago River is a system of rivers and canals with a combined length of that runs through the city of Chicago, including its center (the Chicago Loop).
Chicago Rockford International Airport, is an international airport located in Winnebago County, Illinois.
The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, historically known as the Chicago Drainage Canal, is a canal system that connects the Chicago River to the Des Plaines River.
Chicago's architecture is famous throughout the world and one style is referred to as the Chicago School.
The Chicago school of economics is a neoclassical school of economic thought associated with the work of the faculty at the University of Chicago, some of whom have constructed and popularized its principles.
Chicago Shakespeare Theater (CST) is a non-profit, professional theater company located at Navy Pier in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Sinfonietta is an American orchestra based in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Sky are an American professional basketball team based in Chicago, playing in the Eastern Conference of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA).
Chicago soul is a style of soul music that arose during the 1960s in Chicago.
The Chicago State Cougars are the varsity athletic teams representing Chicago State University of Chicago, Illinois in intercollegiate athletics.
Chicago State University (CSU) is a state university of the U.S. state of Illinois, located in Chicago.
The Chicago Stock Exchange (CHX) is a stock exchange in Chicago, Illinois.
The Chicago Sun-Times is a daily newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (CSO) was founded by Theodore Thomas in 1891.
The Chicago Theatre, originally known as the Balaban and Katz Chicago Theatre, is a landmark theater located on North State Street in the Loop area of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States.
The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) is the operator of mass transit in Chicago, Illinois and some of its surrounding suburbs, including the trains of the Chicago "L" and CTA bus service.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
The Chicago Tunnel Company built a narrow gauge railway freight tunnel network under the downtown of the city of Chicago.
Chicago Union Station is a major railroad station that opened in 1925 in Chicago, Illinois, replacing an earlier station built in 1881.
The Chicago White Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois.
Chicago Wilderness is a regional alliance of more than 250 different organizations that work together to improve the quality of life of the individuals and the many other species living in the Chicago (Illinois) area.
A Chicago-style hot dog, Chicago Dog, or Chicago Red Hot is an all-beef frankfurter on a poppy seed bun, originating from the city of Chicago, Illinois.
Chicago-style pizza refers to several different styles of pizza developed in Chicago.
The Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce is a non-profit organization promoting business in the Chicago metropolitan area of the United States.
Chicken Vesuvio, a specialty of Chicago, is an Italian-American dish made from chicken on the bone and wedges of potato, celery, and carrots; sauteed with garlic, oregano, white wine, and olive oil, then baked until the chicken's skin becomes crisp.
The chili pepper (also chile pepper, chilli pepper, or simply chilli) from Nahuatl chīlli) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. They are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids. Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine. Worldwide in 2014, 32.3 million tonnes of green chili peppers and 3.8 million tonnes of dried chili peppers were produced. China is the world's largest producer of green chillies, providing half of the global total.
The Chinatown neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois, is on the South Side (located in the Armour Square community area), centered on Cermak and Wentworth Avenues, and is an example of an American Chinatown, or ethnic-Chinese neighborhood.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Chopin Park is an park located at 3420 North Long in the Portage Park community area of North Side, Chicago, Illinois.
Christopher Columbus is a bronze statue of explorer Christopher Columbus in Grant Park, in Chicago.
Church architecture refers to the architecture of buildings of Christian churches.
CIBC Theatre is a theater located at 18 West Monroe Street in the Loop area of downtown Chicago.
The Circuit Court of Cook County is the largest of the 24 circuits in Illinois as well as one of the largest unified court systems in the United States — second only in size to the Superior Court of Los Angeles County since that court merged with other courts in 1998.
A city is a large human settlement.
The City Beautiful Movement was a reform philosophy of North American architecture and urban planning that flourished during the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of introducing beautification and monumental grandeur in cities.
The City Clerk of Chicago is in charge of record-keeping for the city of Chicago and its elections.
The City Colleges of Chicago is a system of seven community colleges and six satellite sites that provide learning opportunities for residents of the Chicago area.
The City Treasurer is a position of responsibility for a city according to the prevailing laws in that city.
The Civic Opera House is an opera house located at 20 North Wacker Drive in Chicago.
Claes Oldenburg (born January 28, 1929) is an American sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring large replicas of everyday objects.
Claire's, formerly known as Claire's Accessories, is an American retailer of accessories and jewelry primarily aimed toward girls and young women.
Clark Street is a north-south street in Chicago, Illinois that runs close to the shore of Lake Michigan from the northern city boundary with Evanston, to 2200 South in the city street numbering system.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Cloud Gate is a public sculpture by Indian-born British artist Sir Anish Kapoor, that is the centerpiece of AT&T Plaza at Millennium Park in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois. The sculpture and AT&T Plaza are located on top of Park Grill, between the Chase Promenade and McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink. Constructed between 2004 and 2006, the sculpture is nicknamed The Bean because of its shape. Made up of 168 stainless steel plates welded together, its highly polished exterior has no visible seams. It measures, and weighs. Kapoor's design was inspired by liquid mercury and the sculpture's surface reflects and distorts the city's skyline. Visitors are able to walk around and under Cloud Gate's high arch. On the underside is the "omphalos" (Greek for "navel"), a concave chamber that warps and multiplies reflections. The sculpture builds upon many of Kapoor's artistic themes, and it is popular with tourists as a photo-taking opportunity for its unique reflective properties. The sculpture was the result of a design competition. After Kapoor's design was chosen, numerous technological concerns regarding the design's construction and assembly arose, in addition to concerns regarding the sculpture's upkeep and maintenance. Various experts were consulted, some of whom believed the design could not be implemented. Eventually, a feasible method was found, but the sculpture's construction fell behind schedule. It was unveiled in an incomplete form during the Millennium Park grand opening celebration in 2004, before being concealed again while it was completed. Cloud Gate was formally dedicated on May 15, 2006, and has since gained considerable popularity, both domestically and internationally.
CME Group Inc. (Chicago Mercantile Exchange & Chicago Board of Trade) is an American financial market company operating an options and futures exchange.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
Columbia College Chicago is an independent, non-profit liberal arts college specializing in arts and media disciplines, with more than 8,000 students pursuing degrees in more than 100 undergraduate and 15 graduate degree programs.
A combined statistical area (CSA) is composed of adjacent metropolitan (MSA) and micropolitan statistical areas (µSA) in the United States and Puerto Rico that can demonstrate economic or social linkage.
In economics, a commodity is an economic good or service that has full or substantial fungibility: that is, the market treats instances of the good as equivalent or nearly so with no regard to who produced them.
Commonwealth Edison, commonly known as ComEd, is the largest electric utility in Illinois, holding monopoly in Chicago and Northern Illinois area.
The community areas in Chicago, as defined by the Social Science Research Committee at the University of Chicago, are 77 divisions of Chicago.
A community college is a type of educational institution.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
Condé Nast Traveler is a luxury and lifestyle travel magazine published by Condé Nast.
The Constitution of the State of Illinois is the governing document of the state of Illinois.
A continental divide is a drainage divide on a continent such that the drainage basin on one side of the divide feeds into one ocean or sea, and the basin on the other side either feeds into a different ocean or sea, or else is endorheic, not connected to the open sea.
A convention, in the sense of a meeting, is a gathering of individuals who meet at an arranged place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest.
The Cook County Health and Hospitals System, includes John H. Stroger Jr.
The Cook County Jail, located on in Cook County, Illinois, is the largest single site jail in the United States.
Cook County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois.
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish.
Crain's Chicago Business is a weekly business newspaper in Chicago.
Euromarket Designs, Inc. (d/b/a Crate & Barrel) is a 105+ chain of retail stores in US and Canada, based in Northbrook, Illinois, specializing in housewares, furniture (indoor and out), and home accessories.
Cristo Rey Jesuit High School is a Jesuit high school on the near Lower West Side of Chicago, Illinois.
A critic is a professional who communicates an assessment and an opinion of various forms of creative works such as art, literature, music, cinema, theater, fashion, architecture, and food.
Croatian Americans or Croat Americans (Američki Hrvati or Hrvati u Americi) are Americans who have full or partial Croatian ancestry.
Crown Fountain is an interactive work of public art and video sculpture featured in Chicago's Millennium Park, which is located in the Loop community area.
The culture of Chicago, Illinois is known for the invention or significant advancement of several performing arts, including improvisational comedy, house music, blues, hip hop, gospel, jazz, and soul.
Cumulus Media, Inc. is an American broadcasting company and is the third largest owner and operator of AM and FM radio stations in the United States behind Entercom and iHeartMedia, Inc. As of July 1, 2017, Cumulus lists ownership of 446 stations in 90 media markets.
Cyrus Edwin Dallin (November 22, 1861 – November 14, 1944) was an American sculptor best known for his depictions of Native American men.
Czech Americans (Čechoameričané), known in the 19th and early 20th century as Bohemian Americans, are citizens of the United States who are of Czech descent.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
The Daily Herald is a daily newspaper based in Arlington Heights, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago.
The Daily Southtown (formerly SouthtownStar) is a newspaper of the Chicago, Illinois, United States metropolitan area that covers the south suburbs and the South Side neighborhoods of the city – a wide region known as the Chicago Southland.
The Dan Ryan Expressway is a freeway in the city of Chicago that runs from the Circle Interchange with I-290 near downtown Chicago through the South Side of the city.
Daniel Hudson Burnham, (September 4, 1846 – June 1, 1912) was an American architect and urban designer.
Daniel Chester French (April 20, 1850 – October 7, 1931), one of the most prolific and acclaimed American sculptors of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, is best known for his design of the monumental work the statue of Abraham Lincoln (1920) in the Lincoln Memorial, Washington, DC.
De La Salle Institute is a Catholic, Lasallian, coeducational, secondary school located in the Douglas neighborhood on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Charles Dean O'Banion (July 8, 1892 – November 10, 1924) was an American mobster who was the main rival of Johnny Torrio and Al Capone during the brutal Chicago bootlegging wars of the 1920s.
Deerfield is a village in Lake County, Illinois, United States, approximately 25 miles north of Chicago with a small portion extending into Cook County, Illinois.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
The population of Africa has grown rapidly over the past century, and consequently shows a large youth bulge, further reinforced by a low life expectancy of below 50 years in some African countries.
During its first century as a city, Chicago grew at a rate that ranked among the fastest growing in the world.
The DePaul Blue Demons are the athletic teams that represent DePaul University, located in Chicago, Illinois.
DePaul College Prep, formerly known as Gordon Technical High School, is a Roman Catholic high school located in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
DePaul University is a private university in Chicago, Illinois.
In finance, a derivative is a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity.
Derrick Martell Rose (born October 4, 1988) is an American professional basketball player for the Minnesota Timberwolves of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Desi is a loose term for the people, cultures, and products of the Indian subcontinent or South Asia and their diaspora, derived from the Ancient Sanskrit देश (deśá), meaning Land or Country.
Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.
Devon Avenue is a major east-west street in the Chicago metropolitan area.
The dew point is the temperature to which air must be cooled to become saturated with water vapor.
Dhoom 3 (English: Blast 3 or Boom 3, also abbreviated and known as D:3 and D3) is a 2013 Indian action thriller film written and directed by Vijay Krishna Acharya and produced by Aditya Chopra.
Diocese of Chicago may refer to:;Catholic.
Discovery Channel (known as The Discovery Channel from 1985 to 1995, and often referred to as simply Discovery) is an American pay television channel that is the flagship television property of Discovery Inc., a publicly traded company run by CEO David Zaslav.
In the United States, a district attorney (DA) is the chief prosecutor for a local government area, typically a county.
Divergent is a 2014 American dystopian science fiction action film directed by Neil Burger, based on the novel of the same name by Veronica Roth.
Divvy is a bicycle sharing system in the City of Chicago and two adjacent suburbs operated by Motivate for the Chicago Department of Transportation.
Douglas, on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of 77 Chicago community areas.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), or simply the Dow, is a stock market index that shows how 30 large, publicly owned companies based in the United States have traded during a standard trading session in the stock market.
Downers Grove is a village in DuPage County, Illinois, United States.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
Draugas (English: Friend) is the only Lithuanian daily newspaper published abroad.
The Richard H. Driehaus Museum is a museum located at 40 East Erie Street on the Near North Side in Chicago, Illinois, near the Magnificent Mile.
DuPage County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois, and one of the collar counties of the Chicago metropolitan area.
Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal and the third most populous in South Africa after Johannesburg and Cape Town.
The DuSable Museum of African American History is dedicated to the study and conservation of African American history, culture, and art.
DuSable Park is a former commercial and industrial site, at the mouth of the Chicago River that has been the subject of environmental remediation and is awaiting redevelopment into a park.
Dziennik Związkowy (Alliance Daily) or Polish Daily News, is the largest and the oldest Polish language newspaper in the United States.
Early Edition is an American television drama series that aired on CBS broadcast network from September 28, 1996 to May 27, 2000.
The early skyscrapers were a range of tall, commercial buildings built between 1884 and 1939, predominantly in the American cities of New York City and Chicago.
East–West University is a private, non-profit, non-denominational college in Chicago's South Loop neighborhood, located in downtown Chicago.
The Eastern United States, commonly referred to as the American East or simply the East, is a region roughly coinciding with the boundaries of the United States established in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which bounded the new country to the west along the Mississippi River.
Edward Francis Paschke (June 22, 1939 – November 25, 2004) was an American painter of Polish descent.
Colonel Edmund Dick Taylor (October 18, 1804 - December 4, 1891) was an American businessman, politician, and soldier from Illinois.
Edward Kemeys (January 31, 1843 – May 11, 1907) was an American sculptor and considered America's first animalier.
Ellen Gates Starr (March 19, 1859 – February 10, 1940) was an American social reformer and activist.
Ellis Sylvester Chesbrough (1813–1886) was an engineer credited with the design of the Chicago sewer system, which are sometimes known as the 'Chesbrough sewers'.
Emporis GmbH is a real estate data mining company with headquarters in Hamburg, Germany.
The Encyclopedia of Chicago is an historical reference work covering Chicago and the entire Chicago metropolitan area published by the University of Chicago Press.
Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian-American physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1.
ER is an American medical drama television series created by novelist and medical doctor Michael Crichton that aired on NBC from September 19, 1994, to April 2, 2009, with a total of 331 episodes spanning over 15 seasons.
Erikson Institute is a graduate school in child development in downtown Chicago, Illinois.
ESPN Radio is an American sports radio network.
Eternal Silence, alternatively known as the Dexter Graves Monument or the Statue of Death, is a monument in Chicago's Graceland Cemetery and features a bronze sculpture set upon, and backdropped by, black granite.
Eugene Sawyer Jr. (September 3, 1934January 19, 2008) was an American businessman, educator, and politician.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Evangelical Covenant Church (ECC) is a pietistic Christian denomination in the evangelical Protestant tradition of more than 800 congregations and an average worship attendance of 178,000 people.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
Exelon Corporation is an American Fortune 100 energy company headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (30 October 1885 – 1 November 1972) was an expatriate American poet and critic, as well as a major figure in the early modernist poetry movement.
Family Matters is an American sitcom series which originated on ABC from September 22, 1989 to May 9, 1997, before moving to CBS from September 19, 1997 to July 17, 1998.
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors.
The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago (informally the Chicago Fed) is one of twelve regional Reserve Banks that, along with the Board of Governors in Washington, D.C., make up the nation's central bank.
FeedBurner is a web feed management provider launched in 2004.
The Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, located in the Streeterville neighborhood of Chicago, in the U.S. state of Illinois and situated near Lake Michigan and the Magnificent Mile, is one of Northwestern University's 12 schools and colleges.
The Feltre School is a private non profit school teaching liberal arts located in Chicago, Illinois.
Ferris Bueller's Day Off is a 1986 American coming-of-age comedy film written, co-produced, and directed by John Hughes, and co-produced by Tom Jacobson.
The Field Museum of Natural History, also known as The Field Museum, is a natural history museum in the city of Chicago, and is one of the largest such museums in the world.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
The ten-story Fine Arts Building, also known as the Studebaker Building, is located at 410 S Michigan Avenue across from Grant Park in Chicago in the Chicago Landmark Historic Michigan Boulevard District.
The flag of Chicago consists of two blue horizontal stripes or bars on a field of white, each stripe one-sixth the height of the full flag, and placed slightly less than one-sixth of the way from the top and bottom.
Flambé (also spelled flambe) is a cooking procedure in which alcohol is added to a hot pan to create a burst of flames.
Flamingo, created by noted American artist Alexander Calder, is a tall stabile located in the Federal Plaza in front of the Kluczynski Federal Building in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Flying Dragon is a sculpture by Alexander Calder in the Art Institute of Chicago North Stanley McCormick Memorial Court (aka North Garden) north of the Art Institute of Chicago Building in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
In the United States, a foreign-trade zone (FTZ) is a geographical area, in (or adjacent to) a United States Port of Entry, where commercial merchandise, both domestic and foreign receives the same Customs treatment it would if it were outside the commerce of the United States.
The Forest Preserve District of Cook County is a governmental commission in Cook County, Illinois, that owns and manages the Cook County Forest Preserves.
Fort Dearborn was a United States fort built in 1803 beside the Chicago River, in what is now Chicago, Illinois.
Fountain of Time, or simply Time, is a sculpture by Lorado Taft, measuring in length, situated at the western edge of the Midway Plaisance within Washington Park in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States.
Four Seasons is a mosaic by Marc Chagall that is located in Chase Tower Plaza in the Loop district of Chicago, Illinois.
The Fourth Presbyterian Church of Chicago is a congregation of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) located in the Magnificent Mile neighborhood of Chicago, directly across Michigan Avenue from the John Hancock Center.
The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized as FOX) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
Francis W. Parker School is an independent school serving students who live in the Chicago area from kindergarten through twelfth (senior year in high school) grade.
Frank Owen Gehry,, FAIA (born Frank Owen Goldberg)Reinhart, Anthony (July 28, 2010), Globe and Mail is a Canadian-born American architect, residing in Los Angeles.
Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright, June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was an American architect, interior designer, writer and educator, who designed more than 1,000 structures, 532 of which were completed.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 181017 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano.
Friendship and Freedom, published from 1924 to 1925, was a short-lived American gay-interest newsletter published by the Chicago-based Society for Human Rights (SHR), the first recognized homosexual rights organization in the United States.
Frommer's is a travel guidebook series created by Arthur Frommer.
In finance, a futures contract (more colloquially, futures) is a standardized forward contract, a legal agreement to buy or sell something at a predetermined price at a specified time in the future.
A futures exchange or futures market is a central financial exchange where people can trade standardized futures contracts; that is, a contract to buy specific quantities of a commodity or financial instrument at a specified price with delivery set at a specified time in the future.
The Galena and Chicago Union Railroad (G&CU) was a railroad running west from Chicago to Clinton, Iowa and Freeport, Illinois, never reaching Galena, Illinois.
Galway (Gaillimh) is a city in the West of Ireland, in the province of Connacht.
A gangster is a criminal who is a member of a gang.
Garfield Park Conservatory, located in Garfield Park in Chicago is one of the largest greenhouse conservatories in the United States.
Gary is a city in Lake County, Indiana, United States, from downtown Chicago, Illinois.
Gary/Chicago International Airport is a joint civil-military public airport in Gary, in Lake County, Indiana, United States.
The Copernicus Center with the Mitchell P. Kobelinski Theater (former Gateway Theatre) is a 1,890-seat former movie palace that is now part of the Copernicus Center in the Jefferson Park community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Gentrification of Chicago is a process that has altered the demographic composition of some neighborhoods in Chicago usually by decreasing the percentage of low-income minority residents and increasing the percentage of typically white, higher-income residents.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Giardiniera is an Italian relish of pickled vegetables in vinegar or oil.
Glencoe is a village in northeastern Cook County, Illinois, United States.
The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.
Goodman Theatre is a professional theater company located in Chicago's Loop.
Google Drive is a file storage and synchronization service developed by Google.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
Gothenburg (abbreviated Gbg; Göteborg) is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries.
GRAB is a Chicago, Illinois LGBT entertainment magazine.
Grace was a restaurant in the West Loop neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Grading in civil engineering and landscape architectural construction is the work of ensuring a level base, or one with a specified slope, for a construction work such as a foundation, the base course for a road or a railway, or landscape and garden improvements, or surface drainage.
The Grand Calumet River is a river that flows primarily into Lake Michigan.
Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Michigan, and the largest city in West Michigan.
Grant Achatz (born April 25, 1974) is an American chef and restaurateur often recognized for his contributions to molecular gastronomy or progressive cuisine.
Grant Park is a large urban park (319 acres or 1.29 km²) in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois.
The Grant Park Music Festival (formerly Grant Park Concerts) is an annual ten-week classical music concert series held in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
The Great Chicago Fire was a conflagration that burned from Sunday, October 8, to Tuesday, October 10, 1871.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The Great Lakes (les Grands-Lacs), also called the Laurentian Great Lakes and the Great Lakes of North America, are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes located primarily in the upper mid-east region of North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River.
The Great Lakes Megalopolis consists of the group of metropolitan areas in North America largely in the Great Lakes region and along the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
The Great Lakes region of North America is a bi-national Canada-American region that includes portions of the eight U.S. states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin as well as the Canadian province of Ontario.
The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1916 and 1970.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
Greektown is a dining and nightlife district on the Near West Side of the American city of Chicago, Illinois.
The Green Bay Packers are a professional American football team based in Green Bay, Wisconsin.
The Green Line is a rapid transit line on the Chicago Transit Authority's "L" system.
Greyhound Lines, Inc., usually shortened to Greyhound, is an intercity bus common carrier serving over 3,800 destinations across North America.
The grid plan, grid street plan, or gridiron plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Gross metropolitan product (GMP) is a monetary measure of the value of all final goods and services produced within a metropolitan statistical area during a specified period (e.g., a quarter, a year).
Groupon is an American worldwide e-commerce marketplace connecting subscribers with local merchants by offering activities, travel, goods and services in 15 countries.
Grundy County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Guaranteed Rate Field is a baseball park located in Chicago, Illinois, that serves as the home ballpark for the Chicago White Sox of Major League Baseball.
Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks (June 7, 1917 – December 3, 2000) was an American poet, author, and teacher.
Halsted Street is a major north-south street in the American city of Chicago, Illinois.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
A hardiness zone is a geographic area defined to encompass a certain range of climatic conditions relevant to plant growth and survival.
Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.
The Harlem Renaissance was an intellectual, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem, New York, spanning the 1920s.
Harold Lee Washington (April 15, 1922 – November 25, 1987) was an American lawyer and politician from the state of Illinois who was elected as the 41st Mayor of Chicago.
Harold Washington College is a community college part of the City Colleges of Chicago system of the City of Chicago, in Illinois, United States.
Harpo Productions (also referred to as Harpo Studios) is a U.S.-based multimedia production company founded by Oprah Winfrey (the name "Harpo" is "Oprah" spelled backwards, and was the name of her on-screen husband in The Color Purple) and is the sole subsidiary of her media and entertainment company, Harpo, Inc.
Harriet Monroe (December 23, 1860 – September 26, 1936) was an American editor, scholar, literary critic, poet, and patron of the arts.
The University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy, also referred to as "Harris Public Policy," is the public policy school of the University of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Joan W. and Irving B. Harris Theater for Music and Dance (also known as the Harris Theater for Music and Dance, the Harris & Harris Theater or, most commonly, the Harris Theater) is a 1,499-seat theater for the performing arts located along the northern edge of Millennium Park on Randolph Street in the Loop community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, US.
Harry Caray (born Harry Christopher Carabina; March 1, 1914 – February 18, 1998) was an American sportscaster on radio and television.
The Haymarket affair (also known as the Haymarket massacre or Haymarket riot) was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday, May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago.
The Heald Square Monument is a bronze sculpture group by Lorado Taft in Heald Square, Chicago, Illinois.
The heat index (HI) or humiture is an index that combines air temperature and relative humidity, in shaded areas, to posit a human-perceived equivalent temperature, as how hot it would feel if the humidity were some other value in the shade.
Hegewisch (pronounced "heg-wish" by the locals) is one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois, located on the city's far south side.
Henri Joutel (c. 1643 - 1725), a French explorer and soldier, is known for his eyewitness history of the last North American expedition of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle.
Henry Joseph Darger Jr. (c. April 12, 1892 – April 13, 1973) was a reclusive American writer and artist who worked as a hospital custodian in Chicago, Illinois.
Henry Spencer Moore (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986) was an English artist.
High-definition television (HDTV) is a television system providing an image resolution that is of substantially higher resolution than that of standard-definition television, either analog or digital.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
The history of African Americans in Chicago dates back to Jean Baptiste Point du Sable’s trading activities in the 1780s.
The history of Chicago, Illinois, has played a central role in American economic, cultural and political history and since the 1850s has been one of the most dominant Midwest metropolises.
The professional American football team now known as the Arizona Cardinals previously played in Chicago, Illinois as the Chicago Cardinals from 1920 to 1959 before relocating to St. Louis, Missouri for the 1960 season.
Throughout its history, the National Football League (NFL) and other rival American football leagues have used several different formats to determine their league champions, including a period of inter-league matchups determining a true world champion.
Home Alone is a 1990 American comedy film written and produced by John Hughes and directed by Chris Columbus.
The Home Insurance Building was a skyscraper in Chicago, United States, designed by William Le Baron Jenney in 1884.
Homicide is the act of one human killing another.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The Horizon League is a 10-school collegiate athletic conference in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I, whose members are located in and near the Midwestern United States.
A hot dog bun is a type of soft bun shaped specifically to contain a hot dog or frankfurter.
House music is a genre of electronic dance music created by club DJs and music producers in Chicago in the early 1980s.
Hubbard Street Dance Chicago is an American dance company based in Chicago.
Hull House was a settlement house in the United States that was co-founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr.
Humboldt Park is a park located at 1400 North Sacramento Avenue on the West Side of Chicago, Illinois.
Humboldt Park, one of 77 designated community areas, is on the West Side of Chicago, Illinois.
A humid continental climate (Köppen prefix D and a third letter of a or b) is a climatic region defined by Russo-German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1900, which is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold in the northern areas) winters.
Hyde Park Township is a former civil township in Cook County, Illinois, United States that existed as a separate municipality from 1861 until 1889 when it was annexed into the city of Chicago.
Hyde Park is a neighborhood and community area on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. It is located on the shore of Lake Michigan seven miles (11 km) south of the Chicago Loop.
I, Robot (stylized as i) is a 2004 American science fiction action film directed by Alex Proyas.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points.
An ice rink (or ice skating rink) is a frozen body of water and/or hardened chemicals where people can ice skate or play winter sports.
Ida Crown Jewish Academy is a Modern Orthodox Jewish high school in Skokie, Illinois, overseen by the Associated Talmud Torahs.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
Illinois (styled Sufjan Stevens Invites You To: Come On Feel the Illinoise on the cover; sometimes written as Illinoise) is a 2005 concept album by American singer-songwriter Sufjan Stevens.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico.
Illinois Centennial Memorial Column, Logan Square Monument or Illinois Centennial Monument is a public monument in the Logan Square community area and the Chicago Landmark and National Register of Historic Places-listed Logan Square Boulevards Historic District.
Illinois Institute of Technology (Illinois Tech or IIT) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The Illinois Medical District (IMD) is a special-use zoning district two miles west of the loop in Chicago, Illinois.
The Illinois River (Miami-Illinois language: Inoka Siipiiwi) is a principal tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately long, in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Illinois is divided into 18 congressional districts, each represented by a member of the United States House of Representatives.
Imagism was a movement in early 20th-century Anglo-American poetry that favored precision of imagery and clear, sharp language.
Immigration to the United States is the international movement of individuals who are not natives or do not possess citizenship in order to settle, reside, study, or work in the country.
Improvisational theatre, often called improv or impro, is the form of theatre, often comedy, in which most or all of what is performed is unplanned or unscripted: created spontaneously by the performers.
Independent music (often referred to as indie music or indie) is music produced independently from commercial record labels or their subsidiaries, a process that may include an autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
The Indiana Toll Road, officially the Indiana East–West Toll Road, is a toll road that runs for east–west across northern Indiana from the Illinois state line to the Ohio state line.
Indianapolis is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County.
Indie rock is a genre of rock music that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
Industrial music is a fusion genre of electronic and experimental music which draws on harsh, transgressive or provocative sounds and themes.
Inland Northern (American) English, also known in American linguistics as the Inland North or Great Lakes dialect, is an American English dialect spoken primarily by White Americans in a geographic band reaching from Central New York westward along the Erie Canal, through much of the U.S. Great Lakes region, to eastern Iowa.
The Institute for Clinical Social Work, or ICSW, was established in 1981 to provide practicing clinical social workers and other psychotherapists the opportunity to earn a Ph.D. without taking a break from their professional pursuits.
Integrys Energy Group, Inc. was an American energy company headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
Interstate 190 (abbreviated I-190) is an intrastate Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Interstate 290 (I-290) is an auxiliary Interstate Highway that runs westwards from the Chicago Loop.
Interstate 294 (I-294) is a tolled Interstate Highway in northeastern Illinois.
Interstate 355 (I-355), also known as the Veterans Memorial Tollway, is an Interstate Highway and tollway in the western and southwest suburbs of Chicago in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Interstate 55 (I-55) is a major north–south Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Illinois that connects the St. Louis, Missouri, and Chicago metropolitan areas.
Interstate 57 (I-57) is an Interstate Highway in Missouri and Illinois that parallels the old Illinois Central rail line for much of its route.
Interstate 65 (I-65) in the U.S. state of Indiana traverses from the south-southeastern Falls City area bordering Louisville, Kentucky, through the centrally located capital city of Indianapolis, to the northwestern Calumet Region of the Hoosier State which is part of the Chicago metropolitan area.
Interstate 80 (I-80) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from San Francisco, California, to Teaneck, New Jersey.
Interstate 80 in the U.S. state of Indiana consists entirely of the following two highways.
Interstate 88 (I-88) is a tolled Interstate Highway in the US state of Illinois that runs from an interchange with I-80 near Silvis and Moline to an interchange with I-290 and I-294 in Hillside, near Chicago.
Interstate 90 (I-90) in the U.S. state of Illinois runs roughly northwest-to-southeast through the northern part of the state.
Interstate 94 (I-94) generally runs north–south through the northeastern portion of the U.S. state of Illinois, in Lake and Cook counties.
Interstate 94 (I-94) is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs from Billings, Montana, to Port Huron, Michigan.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States.
iO, or iO Chicago, (formerly known as "ImprovOlympic") is an improv theater and training center in central Chicago, with a former branch in Los Angeles called iO West.
Iowa is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri and Big Sioux rivers to the west.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish people (Muintir na hÉireann or Na hÉireannaigh) are a nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture.
Iroquois County is a county located in the northeast part of the U.S. state of Illinois.
Irving "Irv" Kupcinet (July 31, 1912 – November 10, 2003) was an American newspaper columnist for the Chicago Sun-Times, television talk-show host, and radio personality based in Chicago, Illinois.
Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani) are an ethnic group consisting of Americans who have ancestry from Italy.
An Italian beef is a sandwich, originating in Chicago, composed of thin slices of seasoned roast beef, simmered and served au jus (known by locals as 'gravy') on a long Italian-style roll.
Ivan Le Lorraine Albright (February 20, 1897 – November 18, 1983) was an American magic realist painter and artist, most renowned for his self-portraits, character studies, and still lifes.
Ivan Meštrović (Vrpolje, 15 August 1883 - South Bend, 16 January 1962) was a renowned Croatian sculptor, architect and writer of the 20th century.
John Beasley "Jack" Brickhouse (January 24, 1916 – August 6, 1998) was an American sportscaster.
Jackson Park is a 500-acre (2 km²) park located at 6401 South Stony Island Avenue in the Woodlawn community area on South Side in Chicago, Illinois.
For the South Carolina politician see James Merrill (politician) James Ingram Merrill (March 3, 1926 – February 6, 1995) was an American poet.
Jane Addams (September 8, 1860May 21, 1935), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
Jane Margaret Byrne (née Burke; May 24, 1933November 14, 2014) was an American politician who served as the 40th Mayor of Chicago from April 16, 1979, until April 29, 1983.
Jaume Plensa (born 1955) is a Spanish artist and sculptor.
Jay Pritzker Pavilion, also known as Pritzker Pavilion or Pritzker Music Pavilion, is a bandshell in Millennium Park in the Loop community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jean Baptiste Point du Sable (or Point de Sable, Point au Sable, Point Sable, Pointe DuSable) (before 1750 – August 28, 1818) is regarded as the first permanent resident of what later became Chicago, Illinois, and is recognized as the "Founder of Chicago".
Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (31 July 1901 – 12 May 1985) was a French painter and sculptor.
The Joseph Jefferson Award, more commonly known informally as the Jeff Award, is given for theatre arts in the Chicago area.
Jeffrey L. Smith (January 22, 1939 – July 7, 2004) was the author of several best-selling cookbooks and the host of The Frugal Gourmet, a popular American cooking show which began in Tacoma, Washington, in 1973 and later moved to WTTW-TV in Chicago, where it aired nationally on PBS from 1983 to 1997.
Jefferson Park is one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, located on the Northwest Side of the city.
Jefferson Township is a former civil township in Cook County, Illinois, United States that existed as a separate municipality from 1850 until 1889 when it was annexed into the city of Chicago.
Jerry McKenna is an American sculptor, notable for his bronze sculptures of military leaders, religious figures and sports stars.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The jibarito (pronounced hee-bah-REE-toe), is a sandwich made with flattened, fried green plantains instead of bread, garlic-flavored mayonnaise, and a filling that typically includes meat, cheese, lettuce and tomato.
James T. Nutt (born November 28, 1938) is an American artist who was a founding member of the Chicago surrealist art movement known as the Chicago Imagists, or the Hairy Who.
The Joffrey Ballet is a professional dance company resident in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
John Lawrence Ashbery (July 28, 1927 – September 3, 2017) was an American poet.
John Chippewa Crerar (8 March 1827 – 19 October 1889) was a wealthy American industrialist and businessman from Chicago whose investments were primarily in the railroad industry.
John Henry Rauch (4 September 1828 in Lebanon, Pennsylvania – 24 March 1894 in Chicago) was an American sanitarian.
John J. Boyle (1851, New York City – February 10, 1917, New York City) was an American sculptor.
John Kearney (August 31, 1924 – August 10, 2014) was a Chicago- and Provincetown-based American artist famous for making figurative sculptures, often of animals, using multiple, found metal objects, specifically bumpers from automobiles.
The John Marshall Law School is a law school in Chicago, Illinois, that was founded in 1899 and accredited by the American Bar Association in 1951.
John Villiers Farwell Sr. (July 29, 1825 – August 20, 1908) was an American merchant and philanthropist from New York City.
John Whitfield Bunn (June 21, 1831 – June 7, 1920)Illinois State Historical Society, Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Vol.
Joliet Junior College (JJC), a community college based in Joliet, Illinois, is the first public community college founded in the United States.
William Jones College Preparatory High School (commonly known as Jones College Prep) is a public four year selective enrollment high school located in the Printer's Row neighborhood located in downtown Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Josephinum Academy of the Sacred Heart is a private, Roman Catholic, all-girls high school in Chicago, Illinois.
Julie Rotblatt-Amrany (born July 23, 1958) is an American sculptor and painter identified with the resurgence of the figure in modern art.
Julius Rosenwald (August 12, 1862 – January 6, 1932) was an American businessman and philanthropist.
A junior college is a post-secondary educational institution designed to prepare students for either skilled trades or for additional education at another college with more advanced academic material.
Kane County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Kankakee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois.
The Kansas City Southern Railway Company, owned by Kansas City Southern, is the smallest and third-oldest Class I railroad in North America (just behind Union Pacific Railroad and Canadian Pacific Railway) still in operation.
The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and was drafted by Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois and President Franklin Pierce.
Karel Havlíček Borovský (Borová, today Havlíčkova Borová; 31 October 1821 – 29 July 1856) was a Czech writer, poet, critic, politician, journalist, and publisher.
Kazimierz Chodziński (Casimir) (1861 – 1919 or 1921) was a Polish sculptor, and a student of Jan Matejko.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kenan & Kel is an American teen sitcom created by Kim Bass for Nickelodeon.
Kendall County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois, within the Chicago metropolitan area.
The John F. Kennedy Expressway is a freeway in metropolitan Chicago, Illinois, in the United States that travels northwest from the neighborhood of West Loop to O'Hare International Airport.
Kennedy–King College (KKC) part of City Colleges of Chicago, is a public two-year community college in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Kenwood, one of Chicago's 77 community areas, is on the shore of Lake Michigan on the South Side of the city.
Ketchup (also catsup) is a condiment.
Kielbasa or Kiełbasa is a type of sausage originating from Poland.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
The Kraft Heinz Company is an American food company formed by the merger of Kraft Foods and Heinz in 2015.
Kurt Summers Jr. is the Treasurer of the City of Chicago, Illinois.
The labor history of the United States describes the history of organized labor, US labor law, and more general history of working people, in the United States.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
Lake Calumet is the largest body of water within the city of Chicago.
Lake County is a county in the northeastern corner of the U.S. state of Illinois.
Lake County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana.
Lake freighters, or lakers, are bulk carrier vessels that ply the Great Lakes of North America.
Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States.
Lake Shore Drive (colloquially referred to as the Outer Drive, but also sometimes as The Drive or LSD) is an expressway that runs parallel with and alongside the shoreline of Lake Michigan through the city of Chicago, Illinois.
Lake View, also spelled Lakeview, is one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois, located on the city's North Side.
Lamb Chop's Play-Along! is an American half-hour preschool children's television series that was shown on PBS in the United States from January 13, 1992 to September 22, 1995.
A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.
Lane Technical College Preparatory High School (also known as Lane Tech) is a public 4-year selective enrollment magnet high school located in the Roscoe Village neighborhood on the north side of Chicago, United States.
James Mercer Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri.
LaPorte County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana.
Large Interior Form, 1953–54 is a sculpture by Henry Moore.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latin School of Chicago is a selective private elementary, middle, and high school located in the Gold Coast neighborhood on the Near North Side of Chicago, Illinois.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
Leon Golub (January 23, 1922 – August 8, 2004) was an American painter.
Leonard Crunelle (July 8, 1872 in Lens, Pas-de-Calais – 1944) was a French-born American sculptor.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Lincoln Park is a park situated along Lake Michigan on North Side in Chicago, Illinois.
Positioned near the shore of Lake Michigan, the Lincoln Park Conservatory (1.2 ha / 3 acres) is a conservatory and botanical garden in Lincoln Park in Chicago, Illinois.
Lincoln Park Zoo is a zoo located in Lincoln Park in Chicago, Illinois.
Lincoln Park is a designated community area in North Side, Chicago, Illinois.
The following is a list of radio stations in the United States that are authorized to run 50 kW (50,000 watts) of power.
The beaches in Chicago are an extensive network of waterfront recreational areas operated by the Chicago Park District.
The thirty world's busiest airports by aircraft movements are measured by total movements (data provided by Airports Council International).
This is a list of parks in Chicago.
This list of cities with most skyscrapers ranks cities around the world by their number of skyscrapers.
There are 102 counties in the state of Illinois.
This is a list of the largest and second-largest cities by population in each country.
This is a list of festivals in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
This is a list of fiction set in or near the city of Chicago.
The lists in this article rank buildings from around the world by usable space (volume), footprint on the ground (area), and floor space (area), respectively.
The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined 383 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) for the United States and seven for Puerto Rico.
There are more than 200 neighborhoods in Chicago, but there is no official list of the city's neighborhoods or their boundaries.
The National Football League champions, prior to the merger between the National Football League (NFL) and American Football League (AFL) in 1970, were determined by two different systems.
This article lists nicknames for the city of Chicago, Illinois.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
The world's tallest artificial structure is the Burj Khalifa in Dubai (of the United Arab Emirates).
Chicago, the third-largest city in the United States, is home to 1,315 completed high-rises, 44 of which stand taller than.
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States.
In the United States, for most of the history of broadcasting, there were only three or four major commercial national broadcast networks.
Lithuanian Americans refers to American citizens and residents who are Lithuanian and were born in Lithuania, or are of Lithuanian descent.
Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region.
The Lithuanian Opera Company of Chicago was founded by Lithuanian emigrants in 1956, and presents operas in Lithuanian.
Lithuanians in Chicago and the nearby metropolitan area are a prominent group within the "Windy City" whose presence goes back over a hundred years.
Little Italy, sometimes combined with University Village into one neighborhood, is on the Near West Side of Chicago, Illinois.
A local ordinance is a law usually found in a code of laws for a political division smaller than a state or nation, i.e., a local government such as a municipality, county, parish, prefecture, etc.
The Logan Square Boulevards Historic District is a linear historic district in the Logan Square community area of North Side, Chicago.
Lollapalooza is an annual music festival featuring popular alternative rock, heavy metal, punk rock, hip hop, and electronic music bands and artists, dance and comedy performances, and craft booths.
Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.
Lorado Zadok Taft (April 29, 1860 – October 30, 1936) was an American sculptor, writer and educator.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Lower West Side is a community area on the West Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Loyola Ramblers are the varsity sports teams of Loyola University Chicago.
Loyola University Chicago (often referred to as Loyola or LUC) is a private Catholic research university in Chicago, Illinois.
Lucerne (Luzern; Lucerne; Lucerna; Lucerna; Lucerne German: Lozärn) is a city in central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portion of the country.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies; March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect.
Lutheran schools and education were a priority for Lutherans who migrated to the United States and Australia from Germany and Scandinavia.
The Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago (LSTC) is a seminary of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
The Lycee Francais de Chicago is a private French international school in Lincoln Square, Chicago, Illinois.
Lyric Opera of Chicago is one of the leading opera companies in the United States.
MacCormac College is the oldest two-year, private, non-profit institution in the state of Illinois.
Madison Street is a major east–west street in Chicago, Illinois.
Magdalena Abakanowicz (20 June 1930 – 20 April 2017) was a Polish sculptor and fiber artist.
The Magnificent Mile, sometimes referred to as The Mag Mile, is an upscale section of Chicago's Michigan Avenue, running from the Chicago River to Oak Street in the Near North Side.
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.
Major League Soccer (MLS) is a men's professional soccer league sanctioned by U.S. Soccer that represents the sport's highest level in both the United States and Canada.
The major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada are the highest professional competitions of team sports in those countries.
Malcolm X College, one of the City Colleges of Chicago, is a two-year college located on the West Side of Chicago, Illinois.
Man Enters the Cosmos is a cast bronze sculpture by Henry Moore located on the Lake Michigan lakefront outside the Adler Planetarium in the Museum Campus area of downtown Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons.
Marc Zakharovich Chagall (born Moishe Zakharovich Shagal; 28 March 1985) was a Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin.
Marist High School is a private Catholic preparatory high school located in the Mount Greenwood neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois, operated by the Marist Brothers on behalf of the Archdiocese of Chicago.
Marshall Field (August 18, 1834January 16, 1906) was an American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, the Chicago-based department stores.
Marshall Field's (officially Marshall Field & Company) was a department store in Chicago, Illinois, that grew to become a chain before being acquired by Federated Department Stores in 2005.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
A Maxwell Street Polish consists of a grilled or fried length of Polish sausage topped with grilled onions and yellow mustard and optional pickled whole, green sport peppers, served on a bun.
The Mayor of Chicago is the chief executive of Chicago, Illinois, the third-largest city in the United States.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
Maywood is a village in Proviso Township, Cook County, Illinois, United States.
McCormick Place is the largest convention center in North America.
McDonald's is an American fast food company, founded in 1940 as a restaurant operated by Richard and Maurice McDonald, in San Bernardino, California, United States.
The McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade, "Chicago's Grand Holiday Tradition", is an annual parade produced and presented by the Chicago Festival Association (CFA).
McHenry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Mean Girls is a 2004 American teen comedy film directed by Mark Waters and written by Tina Fey.
Megabus, branded as megabus.com, is an intercity bus service of Coach USA/Coach Canada and DATTCO (a non Stagecoach company, under contract) providing discount travel services since 2006, operating throughout the eastern, southern, midwestern, and western United States and in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Merrill C. Meigs Field Airport was a single runway airport in Chicago which was in operation from December 1948 until March 2003, on Northerly Island, an artificial peninsula on Lake Michigan.
In the Memorial Day massacre of 1937, the Chicago Police Department shot and killed ten unarmed demonstrators in Chicago, on May 30, 1937.
The Merchandise Mart (or the Merch Mart, or the Mart) is a commercial building located in the downtown Chicago, Illinois.
Metaxa (Μεταξά) is a Greek spirit invented by Spyros Metaxas in 1888.
Metra is a commuter railroad in the Chicago metropolitan area.
The Metra Electric District is an electrified commuter rail line owned and operated by Metra which connects Millennium Station (formerly Randolph Street Station), in downtown Chicago, with the city's southern suburbs.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
Mexican Americans (mexicoamericanos or estadounidenses de origen mexicano) are Americans of full or partial Mexican descent.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
The Miami (Miami-Illinois: Myaamiaki) are a Native American nation originally speaking one of the Algonquian languages.
Miami-Illinois (Myaamia) is an indigenous Algonquian language formerly spoken in the United States, primarily in Illinois, Missouri, Indiana, western Ohio and adjacent areas along the Mississippi River by the Miami and Wea as well as the tribes of the Illinois Confederation, including the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Tamaroa, Cahokia, and Mitchigamea.
Michael Jeffrey Jordan (born February 17, 1963), also known by his initials, MJ, is an American former professional basketball player.
The Michael Jordan statue, also known as The Spirit (and sometimes referred to as Michael Jordan's Spirit), is a bronze sculpture by Omri Amrany and Julie Rotblatt-Amrany outside the United Center in the Near West Side community area of Chicago.
Michael Patrick Flanagan (born November 9, 1962) is a former captain in the United States Army, a practicing attorney, and a Republican Party politician from Chicago, Illinois.
Michelin Guides are a series of guide books published by the French tyre company Michelin for more than a century.
Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama (born January 17, 1964) is an American lawyer and writer who served as the First Lady of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
Michigan Avenue is a north-south street in Chicago which runs at 100 east on the Chicago grid.
Midtown Madness (also known as Midtown Madness: Chicago Edition) is a racing game developed for Windows by Rockstar San Diego and published by Microsoft Studios.
Chicago Midway International Airport is a major commercial airport on the southwest side of Chicago, Illinois, located eight miles (13 km) from the Loop.
The Midway Plaisance, known locally as the Midway, is a Chicago public park on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Midwestern University (MWU) is an American non-profit graduate medical and professional school specializing in health sciences education, with a main campus located on 105-acres in Downers Grove, a suburb of Chicago, and an additional campus located on 156-acres in Glendale, Arizona. Midwestern University offers degrees in osteopathic medicine, podiatry, dental medicine, optometry, nurse anesthesia, clinical psychology, physician assistant studies, physical therapy, pharmacy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, biomedical sciences, and veterinary medicine. Founded in 1900 as the American College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery, the Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine is the fourth-oldest medical school currently active in the state of Illinois. In 1995, it opened an additional campus in Glendale, Arizona, becoming the second and largest medical school to teach students in the state of Arizona. The university over the years expanded beyond providing education in medicine and in 1993 it united these programs under the name Midwestern University. It offers degrees in medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, optometry, podiatric medicine, and other health professions. According to U.S. News & World Report (2015), Midwestern University's Downers Grove, IL and Glendale AZ campuses had two of the top physician assistant programs (tied #20) in the country. The university is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The medical schools are also accredited by the American Osteopathic Association's Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation.
Mike & Molly is an American sitcom created by Mark Roberts which aired on CBS from September 20, 2010, to May 16, 2016, for a total of six seasons and 127 episodes.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Millennium Park is a public park located in the Loop community area of Chicago in Illinois, US, and originally intended to celebrate the third millennium.
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
Miró's Chicago (originally called The Sun, the Moon and One Star) is a sculpture by Joan Miró.
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
The Missouri Valley Conference (also called MVC or simply "The Valley") is the second-oldest collegiate athletic conference in the United States.
The MLS Cup is the post-season championship match of Major League Soccer (MLS), the top tier of professional men's soccer in the United States and Canada.
Montenegrin Americans are Americans who are of Montenegrin origin.
Montgomery Ward Inc. is the name of two historically distinct American retail enterprises.
Monument with Standing Beast is a sculpture by Jean Dubuffet in front of the Helmut Jahn designed James R. Thompson Center in the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois.
Moody Bible Institute (MBI) is a Christian institution of higher education that was founded by evangelist and businessman Dwight Lyman Moody in 1886.
Moose (W-02-03) is a sculpture of a moose by John Kearney on the Magnificent Mile in front of 401 North Michigan and across Michigan Avenue from the Wrigley Building in the Near North Side community area of Chicago, Illinois.
Morgan Park Academy is a coeducational, college preparatory, independent day school serving pre-kindergarten through 12th grade.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Mother McAuley Liberal Arts High School is an all-girl, Catholic high school located in the Mount Greenwood neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois at 3737 West 99th Street.
Mother Teresa, known in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu,; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary.
The mother-in-law is a fast food dish of Chicago, consisting of a tamale topped with chili, served in a hot dog bun.
Mount Carmel High School is an all boys, Catholic high school in the city of Chicago.
Multiracial Americans are Americans who have mixed ancestry of "two or more races".
A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, charter townships, villages, and boroughs.
Museum Campus is a park in Chicago that sits alongside Lake Michigan and encompasses five of the city's most notable attractions: the Adler Planetarium, America's first planetarium; the Shedd Aquarium; the Field Museum of Natural History; Soldier Field, home of the NFL Chicago Bears football team; and the Lakeside Center of McCormick Place.
The Museum of Broadcast Communications (MBC) is an American museum, the stated mission of which is "to collect, preserve, and present historic and contemporary radio and television content as well as educate, inform and entertain through our archives, public programs, screenings, exhibits, publications and online access to our resources." It is located in Chicago, Illinois.
The Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA) Chicago is a contemporary art museum near Water Tower Place in downtown Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
The Museum of Science and Industry (MSI) is located in Chicago, Illinois, in Jackson Park, in the Hyde Park neighborhood between Lake Michigan and The University of Chicago.
Chicago, Illinois is a major center for music in the midwestern United States where distinctive forms of blues (greatly responsible for the future creation of rock and roll), and house music, a genre of electronic dance music, were developed.
Music of the Baroque is a professional chorus and orchestra based in Chicago and one of the few groups of its stature in the country devoted to the performance of eighteenth-century works.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
The National Basketball Association (NBA) is a men's professional basketball league in North America; composed of 30 teams (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada).
The National Blue Ribbon Schools Program is a United States government program created in 1982 to honor schools that have achieved high levels of student achievement or made significant improvements in closing the achievement gap among student subgroups.
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions and conferences.
The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference (NFC) and the American Football Conference (AFC).
The National Hockey League (NHL; Ligue nationale de hockey—LNH) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, currently comprising 31 teams: 24 in the United States and 7 in Canada.
National Louis University (NLU) is a private non-profit American university.
National Mall and Memorial Parks (formerly known as National Capital Parks-Central) is an administrative unit of the National Park Service (NPS) encompassing many national memorials and other areas in Washington, D.C. Federally owned and administered parks in the capital area date back to 1790, some of the oldest in the United States.
The National Museum of Mexican Art (Formerly known as the Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum) is a museum which features Mexican, Latino, and Chicano art and culture.
The National Museum of Puerto Rican Arts and Culture (formerly Institute of Puerto Rican Arts and Culture) is a museum in Chicago dedicated to interpreting the arts and culture of the Puerto Rican people and of the Puerto Ricans in Chicago.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance.
Currently there are 124 National Register of Historic Places listings in Central Chicago, out of 354 listings in the City of Chicago.
There are 92 sites in the National Register of Historic Places listings in North Side Chicago — of 362 listings within the City of Chicago, in Cook County, Illinois.
There are 90 sites on the National Register of Historic Places listings in South Side Chicago — of more than 350 total listings within the City of Chicago, in Cook County, Illinois.
There are 66 sites in the National Register of Historic Places listings in West Side, Chicago, out of more than 350 listings in the City of Chicago.
The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States Federal Government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information.
The National Women's Soccer League (NWSL) is a professional women's soccer league, run by the United States Soccer Federation.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Navy Pier is a pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan.
The NBA Finals is the annual championship series of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The National Basketball Association Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is an annual National Basketball Association (NBA) award given since the 1955–56 season to the best performing player of the regular season.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States.
The Near East is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.
The Near North Side is one of 77 defined community areas of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Near South Side is a community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
The Near West Side, one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, is on the West Side, west of the Chicago River and adjacent to the Loop.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
New wave is a genre of rock music popular in the late 1970s and the 1980s with ties to mid-1970s punk rock.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.
"Newcity is a media company based in Chicago, founded in 1986 and still owned and operated by its founders, Brian & Jan Hieggelke." It started as the Newcity independent, free weekly newspaper in Chicago.
news.com.au is an Australian news and entertainment website owned by News Corp Australia.
Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik; Nikolaus Kopernikus; Niklas Koppernigk; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe, likely independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially Sveriges riksbanks pris i ekonomisk vetenskap till Alfred Nobels minne, or the Swedish National Bank's Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field.
Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin (commonly referred to as Anglo-Americans)Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of Anglo in English: It is defined as a synonym for Anglo-American--Page 86 are European Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity, as defined by the United States Census Bureau.
The North American Numbering Plan (NANP) is a telephone numbering plan that encompasses 25 distinct regions in twenty countries primarily in North America, including the Caribbean and the U.S. territories.
North Chicago is a city in Lake County, Illinois, United States, and a suburb of the Chicago metropolitan area.
North Park University is a private university founded in 1891 by the Evangelical Covenant Church.
Northeastern Illinois University (NEIU) is a public state university located in Chicago, Illinois.
Northerly Island is a man-made peninsula along Chicago's lakefront.
Northern Illinois is a region generally covering the northern third of the U.S. state of Illinois.
Northside College Preparatory High School (commonly referred to as Northside College Prep, Northside Prep, NCP, or simply Northside) is a public 4-year selective enrollment high school located in the North Park neighborhood on the north side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Northwest Indian War (1785–1795), also known as the Ohio War, Little Turtle's War, and by other names, was a war between the United States and a confederation of numerous Native American tribes, with support from the British, for control of the Northwest Territory.
Northwest Indiana comprises Lake, Porter, LaPorte, Newton and Jasper counties in Indiana.
Northwestern Memorial Hospital (NMH) is a nationally ranked academic medical center hospital located in downtown Chicago, Illinois.
Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university based in Evanston, Illinois, United States, with other campuses located in Chicago and Doha, Qatar, and academic programs and facilities in Miami, Florida, Washington, D.C., and San Francisco, California.
The Northwestern Wildcats are the athletic teams that represent Northwestern University, a founding member of the Big Ten Conference and the only private university in the conference.
NowSecure (Formerly viaForensics) is a Chicago-based mobile security company that publishes mobile app and device security software.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Nuclear Energy (1964–66) (LH 526) is a bronze sculpture by Henry Moore that is located on the campus of the University of Chicago at the site of the world's first nuclear reactor, Chicago Pile-1.
O'Hare International Airport, usually referred to as O'Hare Airport, Chicago O'Hare, or simply O'Hare, is an international airport located on the far Northwest Side of Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop business district, operated by the Chicago Department of Aviation and covering.
Oak Park is a village adjacent to the West Side of Chicago, Illinois.
The Obama Foundation is a Chicago-based nonprofit organization founded in 2014.
The objectivist poets were a loose-knit group of second-generation Modernists who emerged in the 1930s.
The Odawa (also Ottawa or Odaawaa), said to mean "traders", are an Indigenous American ethnic group who primarily inhabit land in the northern United States and southern Canada.
Ogden Avenue is a street extending from the Near West Side of Chicago to Naperville, Illinois.
The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, or Chippewa are an Anishinaabeg group of Indigenous Peoples in North America, which is referred to by many of its Indigenous peoples as Turtle Island.
Olive–Harvey College is a community college on Chicago's far South Side located at 10001 S. Woodlawn Avenue, and is a part of the City Colleges of Chicago, the largest community college system in Illinois and one of the largest in the nation.
Omri Amrany (born 23 May 1954) is an Israeli-American best known as a sculptor and painter, though also accomplished as an architectural innovator and wall tapestry artist.
One World Trade Center (also known as 1 World Trade Center, 1 WTC or Freedom Tower) is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City.
The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.
Oprah Winfrey (born Orpah Gail Winfrey; January 29, 1954) is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist.
The Orange Line is a rapid transit line in Chicago, Illinois run by the Chicago Transit Authority as part of the "L" system.
Orbitz.com is a travel fare aggregator website and travel metasearch engine.
The Oriental Theatre is a theater located at 24 West Randolph Street in the Loop area of downtown Chicago, Illinois.
The Original Six is the group of six teams that made up the National Hockey League (NHL) for the 25 seasons between the 1942–43 season and the 1967 NHL expansion.
Orlando is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
Osteopathic medicine is a branch of the medical profession in the United States.
Outsider art is art by self-taught or naïve art makers.
Pace is the suburban bus division of the Regional Transportation Authority in the Chicago metropolitan area.
Paratransit is recognized in North America as special transportation services for people with disabilities, often provided as a supplement to fixed-route bus and rail systems by public transit agencies.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Parks in Chicago include open spaces and facilities, developed and managed by the Chicago Park District.
There have been several meetings referred to as a Parliament of the World's Religions, the first being the World's Parliament of Religions of 1893, which was an attempt to create a global dialogue of faiths.
Paseo Boricua (loosely translated as "Boricua (Puerto Rican) Promenade") is a section of Division Street in the Humboldt Park community of the West Side of Chicago, Illinois.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
The Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum is a nature museum located in Chicago, Illinois.
Perfect Strangers is an American sitcom that ran for eight seasons from March 25, 1986 to August 6, 1993, on the ABC television network.
Petah Tikva (פֶּתַח תִּקְוָה,, "Opening of Hope"), also known as Em HaMoshavot ("Mother of the Moshavot"), is a city in the Central District of Israel, east of Tel Aviv.
The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American fact tank based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
A pickled cucumber (commonly known as a pickle in the United States and Canada and a gherkin in Britain, Ireland, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand) is a cucumber that has been pickled in a brine, vinegar, or other solution and left to ferment for a period of time, by either immersing the cucumbers in an acidic solution or through souring by lacto-fermentation.
Ping Tom Memorial Park is a public urban park in Chicago's Chinatown neighborhood, in South Side, Chicago.
The Pink Line is an rapid transit line in Chicago, run by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) as part of the Chicago "L" system.
The Pitchfork Music Festival is an annual summer music festival organized by Pitchfork Media and held in Union Park in Chicago, IL.
Poetry (founded as, Poetry: A Magazine of Verse), published in Chicago since 1912, is one of the leading monthly poetry journals in the English-speaking world.
A poetry slam is a competition in which poets perform spoken word poetry.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
Poles in Chicago are made up of both immigrant Poles and Americans of Polish heritage living in Chicago, Illinois.
Polish Americans are Americans who have total or partial Polish ancestry.
The Polish Cathedral architectural style is a North American genre of Catholic church architecture found throughout the Great Lakes and Middle Atlantic regions as well as in parts of New England.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
The Polish Museum of America is located in West Town, in what had been the historical Polish Downtown neighborhood of Chicago.
A political machine is a political group in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts.
Pontiac is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan, located in Metro Detroit.
Poppy seed is an oilseed obtained from the poppy (Papaver somniferum).
Port Huron is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the county seat of St. Clair County.
The Port of Chicago consists of several major port facilities within the city of Chicago, Illinois operated by the Illinois International Port District (formerly known as the Chicago Regional Port District).
Portage Park is a park in the Portage Park community area of Chicago, Illinois on the National Register of Historic Places.
Porter County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana.
Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.
ThePottawatomi, also spelled Pottawatomie and Potawatomi (among many variations), are a Native American people of the Great Plains, upper Mississippi River, and western Great Lakes region. They traditionally speak the Potawatomi language, a member of the Algonquian family. The Potawatomi called themselves Neshnabé, a cognate of the word Anishinaabe. The Potawatomi were part of a long-term alliance, called the Council of Three Fires, with the Ojibwe and Odawa (Ottawa). In the Council of Three Fires, the Potawatomi were considered the "youngest brother" and were referred to in this context as Bodéwadmi, a name that means "keepers of the fire" and refers to the council fire of three peoples. In the 19th century, they were pushed to the west by European/American encroachment in the late 18th century and removed from their lands in the Great Lakes region to reservations in Oklahoma. Under Indian Removal, they eventually ceded many of their lands, and most of the Potawatomi relocated to Nebraska, Kansas, and Indian Territory, now in Oklahoma. Some bands survived in the Great Lakes region and today are federally recognized as tribes. In Canada, there are over 20 First Nation bands.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
Prairies are ecosystems considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and a composition of grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type.
The Prairie Research Institute is a multidisciplinary research institute charged with providing objective research, expertise, and data on the natural and cultural resources of Illinois.
Prairie School was a late 19th- and early 20th-century architectural style, most common to the Midwestern United States.
Presbyterianism is a part of the reformed tradition within Protestantism which traces its origins to Britain, particularly Scotland, and Ireland.
A primary election is the process by which the general public can indicate their preference for a candidate in an upcoming general election or by-election, thus narrowing the field of candidates.
Prison Break is an American television serial drama created by Paul Scheuring, that was broadcast on Fox for four seasons, with 81 episodes from August 29, 2005 to May 15, 2009, and a fifth season which aired from April 4, to May 30, 2017.
The Pritzker Military Museum & Library (formerly Pritzker Military Library) is a museum and a research library for the study of military history in Chicago, Illinois, US.
Prohibition is the illegality of the manufacturing, storage in barrels or bottles, transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcohol including alcoholic beverages, or a period of time during which such illegality was enforced.
Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
There are a variety of pronunciations in modern English and in historical forms of the language for words spelt with the a.
A major airport has been proposed to be built in Peotone, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago.
Public art is art in any media that has been planned and executed with the intention of being staged in the physical public domain, usually outside and accessible to all.
The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is the surveying method developed and used in the United States to plat, or divide, real property for sale and settling.
Public Radio International (PRI) is an American public radio organization.
Puerto Ricans in Chicago are people living in Chicago who have ancestral connections to the island of Puerto Rico.
The Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting is an American news media organization established in 2006 that sponsors independent reporting on global issues that other media outlets are less willing or able to undertake on their own.
The Pullman Strike was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States that lasted from May 11 to July 20, 1894, and a turning point for US labor law.
Punk rock (or "punk") is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia.
Punky Brewster is an American sitcom about a young girl (Soleil Moon Frye) being raised by a foster parent (George Gaynes).
The Purple Line (or the Evanston Line) of the Chicago Transit Authority is a route on the northernmost section of the Chicago "L" rapid transit system.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
Queen of Peace High School was a Roman Catholic high school for girls located in Burbank, Illinois.
Quincy, known as Illinois's "Gem City," is a city in and the county seat of Adams County, Illinois, United States, located on the Mississippi River.
Rahm Israel Emanuel (born November 29, 1959) is an American politician, who is the 44th and current mayor of Chicago.
In the United States, railroads are designated as Class I, II, or III, according to size criteria first established by the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) in 1911, and now governed by the Surface Transportation Board.
During the 1850s and 1860s engineers carried out a piecemeal raising of the level of central Chicago.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
A rave (from the verb: to rave) is an organized dance party at a nightclub, outdoor festival, warehouse, or other private property typically featuring performances by DJs, playing a seamless flow of electronic dance music.
The Ravinia Festival is the oldest outdoor music festival in the United States, with a series of outdoor concerts and performances held every summer from June to September.
The Red Line, sometimes known as the Howard-Dan Ryan Line or the North-South Line, is a rapid transit line in Chicago, run by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) as part of the Chicago "L" system.
Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.
In the United States, redlining is the systematic denial of various services to residents of specific, often racially associated, neighborhoods or communities, either directly or through the selective raising of prices.
The Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) is the financial and oversight body for the three transit agencies in northeastern Illinois; the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), Metra, and Pace, which are called Service Boards in the RTA Act.
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, or Robert de La Salle (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French explorer.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Resurrection College Prep High School is a private, Roman Catholic, all-girls high school in Chicago, Illinois.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit.
Richard Joseph Daley (May 15, 1902 – December 20, 1976) was an American politician who served as the 38th Mayor of Chicago for a total of 21 years beginning on April 20, 1955, until his death on December 20, 1976.
The Richard J. Daley Center, also known by its courtyard Daley Plaza and named after longtime mayor Richard J. Daley, is the premier civic center of the City of Chicago in Illinois.
Richard J. Daley College is a public, two-year community college in Chicago, one of the seven City Colleges of Chicago.
Richard Michael Daley (born April 24, 1942) is an American politician, lawyer, and author who served as the 43rd Mayor of Chicago, Illinois from 1989 to 2011.
Richard Teller Crane I (May 15, 1832 – January 8, 1912) was the founder of R.T. Crane & Bro., a Chicago-based manufacturer.
Rick Bayless (born November 23, 1953) is an American chef and restaurateur who specializes in traditional Mexican cuisine with modern interpretations.
Richard Michael "Rick" Tramonto (born May 30, 1963) is a Chicago chef and cookbook author.
The River North Gallery District or simply River North, in Chicago, is in the Near North Side, Chicago.
The Robb Report is an American, English-language, luxury-lifestyle magazine featuring products — including automobiles, aviation, boating, real estate and watches.
Robert J. Sampson (born July 9, 1956 in Utica) is the Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University and Director of the Social Sciences Program at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study.
Robert Lostutter (born 1939) is a Chicago-based artist.
Robert Morris University Illinois, formerly Robert Morris College, is an educational institution in the U.S. state of Illinois that has multiple sites, including locations in Chicago (main campus), Aurora, Elgin, Arlington Heights, Orland Park, Peoria, Schaumburg, Springfield, and Waukegan.
Robert Paul Hanrahan (February 25, 1934 – January 7, 2011) is a former U.S. Representative from Illinois.
The Frederick C. Robie House is a U.S. National Historic Landmark on the campus of the University of Chicago in the South Side neighborhood of Hyde Park in Chicago, Illinois, at 5757 S. Woodlawn Avenue.
Rochester is a city on the southern shore of Lake Ontario in western New York.
Rockford is the third largest city in the U.S. state of Illinois, the 171st most populous city in the United States, the largest city in Illinois outside the Chicago metropolitan area, and the city of the 148th most populous metropolitan area in the United States.
Roger Brown (1941–1997) was an American artist and painter.
Rogers Park is one of the 77 Chicago community areas on the far north side of Chicago, Cook County, Illinois and is also the name of the Chicago neighborhood that constitutes most of the community area.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago (Archidioecesis Chicagiensis) was established as a diocese in 1843 and elevated to an archdiocese in 1880.
Roosevelt University is a coeducational, private university with campuses in Chicago, Illinois and Schaumburg, Illinois.
Rosemont is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
The Royal Castle in Warsaw (Zamek Królewski w Warszawie) is a castle residency that formerly served throughout the centuries as the official residence of the Polish monarchs.
Rush University is a private university on the West Side of Chicago, Illinois.
Rush University Medical Center is an academic medical center located in Chicago, Illinois, with a patient capacity of 664.
The Sac and Fox Nation is the largest of three federally recognized tribes of Sauk and Meskwaki (Fox) Native Americans.
In Greek cuisine, saganaki (Greek σαγανάκι) is any one of a variety of dishes prepared in a small frying pan, the best-known being an appetizer of fried cheese.
The term "sailing ship" is most often used to describe any large vessel that uses sails to harness the power of wind.
The Saint Valentine's Day Massacre is the name given to the 1929 murder of seven members and associates of Chicago's North Side Gang.
Saint Xavier University (SXU) is a four-year, coeducational institution of higher learning located on the southwest side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Same-sex marriage has been legally recognized in the U.S. state of Illinois since a law signed by Governor Pat Quinn on November 20, 2013 took effect on June 1, 2014.
San Antonio (Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.
Saturday Night Live (SNL) is an American late-night live television variety show created by Lorne Michaels and developed by Dick Ebersol.
São Paulo is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil.
A school district is a special-purpose district that operates local public primary and secondary schools in various nations.
The School of the Art Institute of Chicago (SAIC) is one of America's largest accredited independent schools of art and design.
The Schwinn Bicycle Company was founded by German-born mechanical engineer Ignaz Schwinn (1860–1945) in Chicago in 1895.
Sears, Roebuck and Company, colloquially known as Sears, is an American chain of department stores founded by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curtis Roebuck in 1892, reincorporated (a formality for a history-making consumer sector initial public offering) by Richard Sears and new partner Julius Rosenwald in 1906.
The Sears Holdings Corporation is an American holding company headquartered in Hoffman Estates, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
In the context of the 20th-century history of the United States, the Second Great Migration was the migration of more than 5 million African Americans from the South to the North, Midwest and West.
Serbian Americans (Амерички Срби/Američki Srbi) are United States citizens of Serb ethnic ancestry.
Shake It Up (sometimes stylized as Shake It Up!) is an American sitcom that originally aired on Disney Channel from November 7, 2010 to November 10, 2013.
Shameless is an American comedy-drama television series developed by John Wells that debuted on Showtime on January 9, 2011.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
Shedd Aquarium (formally the John G. Shedd Aquarium) is an indoor public aquarium in Chicago, Illinois in the United States that opened on May 30, 1930.
Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.
Shimer College (pronounced) was an American Great Books college located initially in Mount Carroll, then Waukegan and finally Chicago, Illinois.
The Shirley Ryan AbilityLab (previously known as Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago or RIC) is a specialty rehabilitation hospital located in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
A Signal of Peace is a bronze equestrian sculpture by Cyrus Edwin Dallin, a part of a four-piece series called The Epic of the Indian.
The Sinaloa Cartel (Cártel de Sinaloa) is an international drug trafficking, money laundering, and organized crime syndicate.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Sinister 2 is a 2015 American supernatural horror film directed by Ciaran Foy and written by Scott Derrickson and C. Robert Cargill.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Sixteen Candles is a 1984 American coming-of-age comedy film starring Molly Ringwald, Michael Schoeffling, and Anthony Michael Hall.
A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than approximately.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
Sneak Previews is an American film review show that ran for over two decades on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS).
Social realism is the term used for work produced by painters, printmakers, photographers, writers and filmmakers that aims to draw attention to the everyday conditions of the working class and to voice the authors' critique of the social structures behind these conditions.
Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being.
The Society for Human Rights was an American LGBT Rights organization established in Chicago in 1924.
Soldier Field is an American football stadium located in the Near South Side of Chicago, Illinois. It opened in 1924 and is the home field of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL), who moved there in 1971. The stadium's interior was mostly demolished and rebuilt as part of a major renovation project in 2002, which modernized the facility but lowered seating capacity, while also causing it to be delisted as a National Historic Landmark. Soldier Field has served as the home venue for a number of other sports teams in its history, including the Chicago Cardinals of the NFL, University of Notre Dame football, and the Chicago Fire of Major League Soccer, as well as games from the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, and multiple CONCACAF Gold Cup championships. With a football capacity of 61,500, it is the third-smallest stadium in the NFL. In 2016, Soldier Field became the second-oldest stadium in the league when the Los Angeles Rams began playing temporarily at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which opened a year earlier than Soldier Field.
South Bend is a city in and the county seat of St. Joseph County, Indiana, United States, on the St. Joseph River near its southernmost bend, from which it derives its name.
The South Shore Line is an electrically powered interurban commuter rail line operated by the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) between Millennium Station in downtown Chicago and the South Bend International Airport in South Bend, Indiana, United States.
South Shore is one of 77 defined community areas of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The South Side is a region of the city of Chicago.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Sporting News is a digital sports media owned by Perform Group, a global sports content and media company.
Spring is one of the four conventional temperate seasons, following winter and preceding summer.
Saint Ignatius College Prep is a selective private, coeducational Jesuit high school located in the Near West Side neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois.
Stamping (also known as pressing) is the process of placing flat sheet metal in either blank or coil form into a stamping press where a tool and die surface forms the metal into a net shape.
Stanislav "Stan" Mikita (born Stanislav Gvoth; May 20, 1940), is a Slovak-born Canadian retired professional ice hockey player for the Chicago Black Hawks of the National Hockey League, generally regarded as the best centre of the 1960s.
The Stanley Cup (La Coupe Stanley) is the championship trophy awarded annually to the National Hockey League (NHL) playoff winner.
A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.
State Street is a large south-north street in Chicago, Illinois, USA and its south suburbs.
A state's attorney or state attorney is a lawyer representing the interests of the state in a legal proceeding, typically as a prosecutor.
The Statue of The Republic is a gilded bronze sculpture in Jackson Park, Chicago, Illinois.
A steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels.
Steel frame is a building technique with a "skeleton frame" of vertical steel columns and horizontal ibeam-beams, constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame.
Stephen Arnold Douglas (April 23, 1813 – June 3, 1861) was an American politician from Illinois and the designer of the Kansas–Nebraska Act.
Steppenwolf Theatre Company is a Chicago theatre company founded in 1974 by Laurie Metcalf, Terry Kinney, Jeff Perry, and Gary Sinise in the Unitarian church on Half Day Road in Deerfield and is now located in Chicago's Lincoln Park neighborhood on Halsted Street.
Still Standing is an American sitcom that ran on CBS from September 30, 2002, to March 8, 2006.
Streeterville is a neighborhood in the Near North Side community area of Chicago, Illinois, United States, north of the Chicago River.
StreetWise is a street magazine sold by people without homes or those at-risk for homelessness in Chicago.
Stritch School of Medicine is the medical school affiliated with Loyola University Chicago.
Sufjan Stevens (born July 1, 1975) is an American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist.
Suicide Squad is a 2016 American superhero film based on the DC Comics antihero team of the same name, distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures.
Summer is the hottest of the four temperate seasons, falling after spring and before autumn.
Sun-Times Media Group (formerly Hollinger International) is a Chicago-based newspaper publisher.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (NFL).
The Supporters' Shield is an annual award given to the Major League Soccer team with the best regular season record, as determined by the MLS points system.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings.
Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.
Swedes (svenskar) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Sweden.
Symphony Center is a music complex located at 220 South Michigan Avenue in the Loop area of Chicago, Illinois.
Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko (Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko; February 4 or 12, 1746 – October 15, 1817) was a Polish-Lithuanian military engineer, statesman, and military leader who became a national hero in Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, and the United States.
The Taste of Chicago (known locally as The Taste) is the world's largest food festival, held for five days in July in Chicago, Illinois in Grant Park.
The A.V. Club is an entertainment website featuring reviews, interviews, and other articles that examine films, music, television, books, games, and other elements of pop culture media.
The Alarm (Indian Alarm) is a Bronze statue by John J. Boyle located in Lincoln Park, Chicago.
The Baltimore Sun is the largest general-circulation daily newspaper based in the American state of Maryland and provides coverage of local and regional news, events, issues, people, and industries.
The Blues Brothers are an American blues and soul revivalist band which was founded in 1978 by comedy actors Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi as part of a musical sketch on Saturday Night Live.
The Blues Brothers is a 1980 American musical comedy film directed by John Landis.
The Bob Newhart Show is an American sitcom produced by MTM Enterprises that aired on CBS from September 16, 1972, to April 1, 1978, with a total of 142 half-hour episodes spanning over six seasons.
The Bowman and The Spearman (also known collectively as Equestrian Indians, or simply Indians), are two bronze equestrian sculptures standing as gatekeepers in Congress Plaza, at the intersection of Congress Parkway and Michigan Avenue in Chicago's Grant Park, in the U.S. state of Illinois.
The Chicago Defender is a Chicago-based weekly newspaper founded in 1905 by Robert S. Abbott for primarily African-American readers.
The Chicago Lincoln is a statue of a standing, beardless Abraham Lincoln in Lincoln Square Chicago.
The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, known as "The Chicago School," is a graduate university specializing in psychology.
The Crusader, also known as the Victor Lawson Monument, is a memorial marking the grave of Chicago newspaper publisher Victor Lawson.
The CW Television Network (commonly referred to as just The CW) is an American English-language broadcast television network that is operated by the CW Network, LLC, a limited liability joint venture between CBS Corporation, the former owners of United Paramount Network (UPN), and Warner Bros. Entertainment, former majority owner of The WB.
The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, produced, and co-written by Christopher Nolan.
The Fugitive is a 1993 American thriller film based on the 1960s television series of the same name created by Roy Huggins.
The Good Wife is an American legal and political drama television series that aired on CBS from September 22, 2009, to May 8, 2016.
The League is an American sitcom that aired on FX and later FXX from October 29, 2009 to December 9, 2015 for a total of seven seasons.
The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by The Wachowskis (credited as The Wachowski Brothers) and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Hugo Weaving, and Joe Pantoliano.
The McLaughlin Group is a syndicated half-hour weekly public affairs television program in the United States, where a group of four pundits, prompted by the host, discusses current political issues in a round table format.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Onion is an American digital media company and news satire organization that publishes articles on international, national, and local news.
The Oprah Winfrey Show, often referred to simply Oprah, is an American syndicated talk show that aired nationally for 25 seasons from September 8, 1986 to May 25, 2011 in Chicago, Illinois.
The Second City is an improvisational comedy enterprise, best known as the first ever on-going improvisational theater troupe based in Chicago.
The Trust for Public Land is a U.S. nonprofit organization with a mission to "create parks and protect land for people, ensuring healthy, livable communities for generations to come." Since its founding in 1972, The Trust for Public Land has completed 5,000 park-creation and land conservation projects across the United States, protected over 3 million acres, and helped pass more than 500 ballot measures--creating $70 billion in voter-approved public funding for parks and open spaces.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
This American Life (TAL) is an American weekly hour-long radio program produced in collaboration with Chicago Public Media and hosted by Ira Glass.
A thunderstorm, also known as an electrical storm, lightning storm, or thundershower, is a storm characterized by the presence of lightning and its acoustic effect on the Earth's atmosphere, known as thunder.
thyssenkrupp AG is a German multinational conglomerate with focus on industrial engineering and steel production.
Tiffany glass refers to the many and varied types of glass developed and produced from 1878 to 1933 at the Tiffany Studios in New York, by Louis Comfort Tiffany and a team of other designers, including Frederick Wilson and Clara Driscoll.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Time Out is a British travel magazine published by Time Out Group.
A time zone is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes.
Times Higher Education (THE), formerly The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES), is a weekly magazine based in London, reporting specifically on news and issues related to higher education.
The tomato (see pronunciation) is the edible, often red, fruit/berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant.
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, sometimes anglicised to Thomas Masaryk (7 March 1850 – 14 September 1937), was a Czech politician, statesman, sociologist and philosopher.
Antonio Joseph Accardo (born Antonio Leonardo Accardo; April 28, 1906 – May 22, 1992), better known as Tony Accardo and also known by the nicknames "Joe Batters" and "Big Tuna", was a longtime American mobster.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
A town square is an open public space commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings.
Toyota Park is a soccer-specific stadium at 71st Street and Harlem Avenue in Bridgeview, Illinois, about twelve miles southwest of downtown Chicago.
Transformers: Age of Extinction is a 2014 American science fiction action film based on the Transformers franchise.
Transformers: Dark of the Moon is a 2011 American 3D science fiction action film directed by Michael Bay and based on the ''Transformers'' toy line created by Hasbro.
Transformers: The Last Knight is a 2017 American science fiction action film based on the ''Transformers'' franchise.
The Treaty of Chicago may refer to either of two treaties made and signed in the settlement that became Chicago, Illinois between the United States and the Odaawaa (anglicized Ottawa), Ojibwe (anglicized Chippewa), and Bodéwadmi (anglicized Potawatomi) (collectively, Council of Three Fires) Native American peoples.
The Treaty of Greenville was signed on August 3, 1795, at Fort Greenville, now Greenville, Ohio; it followed negotiations after the Native American loss at the Battle of Fallen Timbers a year earlier.
The Treaty of St.
Tribune Broadcasting Company, LLC is an American media company which operates as a subsidiary of Tribune Media, a media conglomerate based in Chicago, Illinois.
Tribune Media, also known as Tribune Media Company and formerly known as the Tribune Company, is an American conglomerate that is headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Harry S Truman College, popularly called Truman College and formerly called Mayfair College, part of City Colleges of Chicago, a college that offers multiple 2-year associate degrees, as well as occupational training in a number of fields.
The Trump International Hotel and Tower, is a skyscraper condo-hotel in downtown Chicago, Illinois.
U.S. News & World Report is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis.
The Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup, commonly known as the U.S. Open Cup (USOC), is a knock-out cup competition in American soccer.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
UBS Group AG is a Swiss multinational investment bank and financial services company founded and based in Switzerland.
The UIC Flames are the intercollegiate athletic teams of the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Ulta Beauty Inc. (formerly known as Ulta Salon, Cosmetics & Fragrance Inc. until January 2017), is a chain of beauty stores in the United States, headquartered in Bolingbrook, Illinois.
The Unemployed Councils of the USA (UC) was a mass organization of the Communist Party, USA established in 1930 in an effort to organize and mobilize unemployed workers to advance party policy goals in preparation for an anticipated final conflict to overthrow capitalism.
The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
United Center is an indoor sports arena located in the Near West Side neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois.
United Continental Holdings, Inc. (formerly UAL Corporation) is a publicly traded airline holding company headquartered in the Willis Tower in Chicago.
The United Soccer League (USL), formerly known as USL Pro, is a professional men's soccer league in the United States and Canada that began its inaugural season in 2011.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois (in case citations, N.D. Ill.) is the trial-level court with jurisdiction over the northern counties of Illinois.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The election of President and Vice President of the United States is an indirect election in which citizens of the United States who are registered to vote in one of the 50 U.S. states or in Washington, D.C. cast ballots not directly for those offices, but instead for members of the U.S. Electoral College, known as electors.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Chicago Crime Lab is a research center at the University of Chicago dedicated to studying crime and developing and evaluating crime-reduction programs.
The University of Chicago Divinity School is a private graduate institution at the University of Chicago dedicated to the training of academics and clergy across religious boundaries.
The University of Chicago Laboratory Schools (also known as Lab or Lab School and abbreviated UCLS; the upper classes are nicknamed U-High) is a private, co-educational day school in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Chicago Medical Center, also known under the umbrella title of University of Chicago Medicine, is an American academic medical center in Hyde Park on the South Side of Chicago that was established in 1899.
The Oriental Institute (OI), established in 1919, is the University of Chicago's interdisciplinary research center for ancient Near Eastern ("Orient") studies, and archaeology museum.
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.
The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) is a public research university located in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
The University of Illinois College of Medicine offers a four-year program leading to the MD degree at four different sites in Illinois: Chicago, Peoria, Rockford, and formerly Urbana–Champaign.
Uno Pizzeria & Grill (formerly Pizzeria Uno and Uno Chicago Grill), or more informally as Unos, is a franchised pizzeria restaurant chain under the parent company Uno Restaurant Holdings Corporation.
Uptown is one of Chicago, Illinois’ 77 community areas.
An urban heat island (UHI) is an urban area or metropolitan area that is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities.
An urban park or metropolitan park, also known as a municipal park (North America) or a public park, public open space, or municipal gardens (UK), is a park in cities and other incorporated places to offer recreation and green space to residents of, and visitors to, the municipality.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
The USASA National Women's Open is an American women's soccer tournament run by the United States Adult Soccer Association.
On November 21, 2017, the Chicago Tribune reported that developer Sterling Bay had bought a United Soccer League expansion team to play in its planned sports and entertainment stadium along the Chicago River, with the goal of beginning play in the 2021 season.
Victory Gardens Theater is a theater company in Chicago, Illinois dedicated to the development and production of new plays and playwrights.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
William Butler Yeats (13 June 186528 January 1939) was an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th-century literature.
The Wabash Avenue Bridge (officially, Irv Kupcinet Bridge) over the Chicago River was built in 1930.
Wacław Szymanowski (23 August 185922 July 1930) was a Polish sculptor and painter.
The Walgreen Company (or simply Walgreens) is an American company that operates as the second-largest pharmacy store chain in the United States behind CVS Health.
Walk Score is a private company that provides walkability services and apartment search tools through a website and mobile applications.
Walter Payton College Preparatory High School (commonly known as Payton College Prep, W.P.C.P, or simply Payton) is public 4-year selective enrollment magnet high school located in the Old Town neighborhood on the north side of Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Wanted is a 2008 action thriller film directed by Timur Bekmambetov and written by Michael Brandt, Derek Haas, and Chris Morgan.
In the United States, a ward is an optional division of a city or town for administrative and representative purposes, especially for purposes of an election.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Washington Park (formerly Western Division of South Park, also Park No. 21) is a park between Cottage Grove Avenue and Martin Luther King Drive, (originally known as "Grand Boulevard") located at 5531 S. Martin Luther King Dr.
Washington Square, also known as Washington Square Park, is a park in Chicago, Illinois.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Watch Dogs (stylized as WATCH_DOGS) is an action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.
The water cribs in Chicago are structures built to house and protect offshore water intakes used to supply the City of Chicago with drinking water from Lake Michigan.
WBBM (780 AM) is an all-news radio station located in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
WBBM-TV, virtual channel 2 (VHF digital channel 12), is a CBS owned-and-operated television station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, United States.
WBEZ is a nonprofit public radio station broadcasting from Chicago, Illinois.
West Ridge is one of 77 Chicago community areas.
The West Side is one of the three major sections of the city of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, along with the North Side and the South Side.
West Town, located in Chicago, in the U.S. state of Illinois, northwest of the Loop, on Chicago's West Side is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas.
The Western Athletic Conference (WAC) is an American collegiate athletic conference formed on July 27, 1962 and affiliated with the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I. The WAC covers a broad expanse of the western United States, with member institutions located in Arizona, California, New Mexico, Utah, and Washington, along with the "non-western" states of Missouri and Illinois (traditionally associated with the Midwest), as well as Texas (traditionally associated with the Southwest).
Western Avenue is the longest continuous street within the city of Chicago at in length.
The Western Hemisphere is a geographical term for the half of Earth which lies west of the prime meridian (which crosses Greenwich, London, United Kingdom) and east of the antimeridian.
A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
WFLD, virtual channel 32 (UHF digital channel 31), is a Fox owned-and-operated television station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, United States.
WGN, 720 kHz, is a commercial AM radio station in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
WGN America is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by Tribune Broadcasting.
WGN-TV, virtual channel 9 (UHF digital channel 19), is an independent television station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, United States, serving as the flagship television property of the Tribune Broadcasting subsidiary of the Tribune Media Company, which also owns radio station WGN (720 AM) and local cable news channel Chicagoland Television (CLTV).
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
White flight is a term that originated in the United States, starting in the 1950s and 1960s, and applied to the large-scale migration of people of various European ancestries from racially mixed urban regions to more racially homogeneous suburban or exurban regions.
The White House Chief of Staff has traditionally been the highest-ranking non-elected employee of the White House.
Whitney M. Young Magnet High School (commonly known simply as Whitney Young) is a public 4–year magnet high school located in the Near West Side neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Wigwam was a convention center and meeting hall that served as the site of the 1860 Republican National Convention.
Wilbur Wright College, formerly known as Wright Junior College, is a public community college in Chicago.
Will County is a county in the northeastern part of the state of Illinois.
William Carlos Williams (September 17, 1883 – March 4, 1963) was an American poet and physician closely associated with modernism and imagism.
William Hale Thompson (May 14, 1869 – March 19, 1944) was an American politician, mayor of Chicago for three terms, from 1915 to 1923 and again from 1927 to 1931.
William Rainey Harper (July 24, 1856 – January 10, 1906) was an American academic leader, an accomplished semiticist, and Baptist clergyman.
The Willis Tower, built as and still commonly referred to as the Sears Tower, is a 110-story, skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois.
The city of Chicago has been known by many nicknames, but it is most widely recognized as the "Windy City".
Windy City Times is an LGBT newspaper in Chicago.
Winter is the coldest season of the year in polar and temperate zones (winter does not occur in the tropical zone).
The Winter 1985 cold wave was a meteorological event, the result of the shifting of the polar vortex further south than is normally seen.
Wintrust Arena at McCormick Square, previously referred to as DePaul Arena or McCormick Place Events Center, is a 10,387 seat sports venue in Chicago's Near South Side community area that opened in 2017.
Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions.
WLS (890 kHz, "89 WLS") is a commercial AM radio station in Chicago, Illinois.
WLS-TV, virtual channel 7 (UHF digital channel 44), is an ABC owned-and-operated television station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, United States.
WMAQ-TV, virtual channel 5 (UHF digital channel 29), is an NBC owned-and-operated television station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, United States.
WMVP (1000 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The WNBA Finals are the championship series of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) and the conclusion of the league's postseason each fall.
The Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) is a women's professional basketball league in the United States.
The Workers Alliance of America (WAA) was a Popular Front era political organization established in March 1935 in the United States which united several efforts to mobilize unemployed workers under a single banner.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
The Abbott World Marathon Majors (AWMM), originally known as the World Marathon Majors (WMM), is a championship-style competition for marathon runners that started in 2006.
The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in North America, contested since 1903 between the American League (AL) champion team and the National League (NL) champion team.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World's Columbian Exposition (the official shortened name for the World's Fair: Columbian Exposition, also known as the Chicago World's Fair and Chicago Columbian Exposition) was a world's fair held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World in 1492.
A world's fair, world fair, world expo, universal exposition, or international exposition (sometimes expo or Expo for short) is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations.
Wrigley Field is a baseball park located on the North Side of Chicago, Illinois.
WSCR (670 kHz, 670 The Score) is a commercial sports talk radio station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, and owned by Entercom.
WTTW, virtual channel 11 (UHF digital channel 47), is the primary Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, United States.
WYCC, virtual channel 20 (UHF digital channel 21), is an MHz Worldview-affiliated television station licensed to Chicago, Illinois, United States.
Yellow fever is a viral disease of typically short duration.
The Yellow Line, alternatively known as the Skokie Swift, is part of the Chicago Transit Authority's "L" system in Chicago, Illinois.
ZIP Codes are a system of postal codes used by the United States Postal Service (USPS) since 1963.
The 14th Dalai Lama (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso; born Lhamo Thondup, 6 July 1935) is the current Dalai Lama.
The 1860 Republican National Convention, also known as the 2nd Republican National Convention, was a nominating convention of the Republican Party of the United States, held in Chicago, Illinois, from May 16 to 18, 1860.
The 1906 World Series featured a crosstown matchup between the Chicago Cubs, who had posted the highest regular-season win total (116) and winning percentage (.763) in the major leagues since the advent of the 154-game season; and the Chicago White Sox.
The 1908 Chicago Cubs season was the 37th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 33rd in the National League and the 16th at West Side Park.
The 1945 Chicago Cubs season was the 74th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 70th in the National League and the 30th at Wrigley Field.
The 1968 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party was held August 26–29 at the International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois.
The 1994 FIFA World Cup was the 15th FIFA World Cup, held in nine cities across the United States from 17 June to 17 July 1994.
The 1995 Chicago heat wave was a heat wave which led to 739 heat-related deaths in Chicago over a period of five days.
The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
The 2010–11 NBA season was the 65th season of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The 2015 Stanley Cup Finals was the championship series of the National Hockey League's (NHL) season, and the culmination of the 2015 Stanley Cup playoffs.
The 2016 Cleveland Indians season was the 116th season for the franchise and the 23rd season at Progressive Field.
The 2016 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2016 season.
860–880 Lake Shore Drive is a twin pair of glass-and-steel apartment towers on N. Lake Shore Drive along Lake Michigan in the Streeterville neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois.
875 North Michigan Avenue, built as and still commonly referred to as the John Hancock Center, is a 100-story, 1,128-foot supertall skyscraper located in Chicago, Illinois.
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