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Index Child

Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty. [1]

81 relations: Adoption, Age of majority, Angola, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Authority, Birth, Bullying, Child abuse, Child actor, Child care, Child custody, Child labour, Child laundering, Child marriage, Child pornography, Child poverty, Child prostitution, Child sexual abuse, Child singer, Child slavery, Child-selling, Childhood, Childlessness, Children in the military, Children's rights, Compulsory education, Convention on the Rights of the Child, Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, Daughter, Dysfunctional family, Early childhood education, Educational technology, England, European Union, Fetus, Foster care, Gender role, Hague Adoption Convention, Health, Homeschooling, Hunger, Index of youth articles, India, Industrial Revolution, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Law, Legal guardian, Mental health, Middle Ages, Minimum Age Convention, 1973, ..., Ministry of Law (Singapore), Minor (law), National Children's Study, Natural disaster, One-child policy, Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, Outline of children, Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Parent, Pediatric nursing, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Puberty, Religion and children, Right to education, Rite of passage, School, Singapore, Son, Street children, TheFreeDictionary.com, Trafficking of children, UNICEF, United Nations, USA Today, Violence, War, West Germany, Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, Youth detention center. Expand index (31 more) »


Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting of another, usually a child, from that person's biological or legal parent or parents, and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities, along with filiation, from the biological parent or parents.

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Age of majority

The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as recognized or declared in law.

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Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.

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Authority derives from the Latin word and is a concept used to indicate the foundational right to exercise power, which can be formalized by the State and exercised by way of judges, monarchs, rulers, police officers or other appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a higher spiritual power (God or other deities).

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Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.

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Bullying is the use of force, threat, or coercion to abuse, intimidate or aggressively dominate others.

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Child abuse

Child abuse or child maltreatment is physical, sexual, or psychological maltreatment or neglect of a child or children, especially by a parent or other caregiver.

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Child actor

The term child actor or child actress is generally applied to a child acting on stage or in motion pictures or television, but also to an adult who began their acting career as a child; to avoid confusion, the latter is also called a former child actor.

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Child care

Child care, or otherwise known as daycare, is the care and supervision of a child or multiple children at a time.

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Child custody

Child custody and legal guardianship are legal terms which are used to describe the legal and practical relationship between a parent or guardian and a child in that person's care, such as the right to make decisions on behalf of a child and the duty to care for and support the child.

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Child labour

Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.

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Child laundering

Child laundering is a scheme whereby intercountry adoptions are effected by illegal and fraudulent means.

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Child marriage

Child marriage is a formal marriage or informal union entered into by an individual before reaching a certain age, specified by several global organizations such as UNICEF as minors under the age of 18.

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Child pornography

Child pornography is pornography that exploits children for sexual stimulation.

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Child poverty

Child poverty refers to the state of children living in poverty.

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Child prostitution

Child prostitution is prostitution involving a child, and it is a form of commercial sexual exploitation of children.

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Child sexual abuse

Child sexual abuse, also called child molestation, is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent uses a child for sexual stimulation.

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Child singer

A child singer is someone who has a career as a singer and started professionally as one before adulthood.

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Child slavery

Child slavery is the slavery of children.

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Child-selling is the practice of selling children, usually by parents, legal guardians, or subsequent masters or custodians.

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Childhood is the age span ranging from birth to adolescence.

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Childlessness is the state of people – men and women – not having children.

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Children in the military

Children in the military are children (defined by the Convention on the Rights of the Child as persons under the age of 18) who are associated with military organisations, such as state armed forces and non-state armed groups.

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Children's rights

Children's rights are the human rights of children with particular attention to the rights of special protection and care afforded to minors.

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Compulsory education

Compulsory education refers to a period of education that is required of all people and is imposed by government.

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Convention on the Rights of the Child

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (commonly abbreviated as the CRC or UNCRC) is a human rights treaty which sets out the civil, political, economic, social, health and cultural rights of children.

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Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse

The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse is a multilateral Council of Europe treaty whereby states agree to criminalise certain forms of sexual abuse against children.

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A daughter is a female offspring; a girl, woman, or female animal in relation to her parents.

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Dysfunctional family

A dysfunctional family is a family in which conflict, misbehavior, and often child neglect or abuse on the part of individual parents occur continuously and regularly, leading other members to accommodate such actions.

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Early childhood education

Early childhood education (ECE; also nursery education) is a branch of education theory which relates to the teaching of older children (formally and informally) up until the age of about eighteen (birth to Grade 2).

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Educational technology

Educational technology is "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources".

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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A fetus is a stage in the prenatal development of viviparous organisms.

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Foster care

Foster care is a system in which a minor has been placed into a ward, group home (residential child care community, treatment center,...), or private home of a state-certified caregiver, referred to as a "foster parent" or with a family member approved by the state.

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Gender role

A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality.

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Hague Adoption Convention

The Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption (or Hague Adoption Convention) is an international convention dealing with international adoption, child laundering, and child trafficking in an effort to protect those involved from the corruption, abuses, and exploitation which sometimes accompanies international adoption.

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Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.

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Homeschooling, also known as home education, is the education of children inside the home.

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In politics, humanitarian aid, and social science, hunger is a condition in which a person, for a sustained period, is unable to eat sufficient food to meet basic nutritional needs.

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Index of youth articles

The following is a list of youth topics.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

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International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966, and came in force from 3 January 1976.

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Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.

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Legal guardian

A legal guardian is a person who has the legal authority (and the corresponding duty) to care for the personal and property interests of another person, called a ward.

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Mental health

Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Minimum Age Convention, 1973

The Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment, is a convention adopted in 1973 by the International Labour Organization.

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Ministry of Law (Singapore)

The Ministry of Law (Abbreviation: MinLaw; Kementerian Undang-Undang) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore responsible for ensuring that Singapore's legal infrastructure is clear, efficacious and transparent.

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Minor (law)

In law, a minor is a person under a certain age, usually the age of majority, which legally demarcates childhood from adulthood.

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National Children's Study

The National Children’s Study (NCS) was a longitudinal cohort study that planned to recruit participants from across the United States of America.

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Natural disaster

A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.

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One-child policy

The one-child policy, a part of the family planning policy, was a population planning policy of China.

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Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict

The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OPAC), also known as the child soldier treaty, is a multilateral treaty whereby states agree to: 1) prohibit the conscription into the military of children under the age of 18; 2) ensure that military recruits are no younger than 16; and 3) prevent recruits aged 16 or 17 from taking a direct part in hostilities. The treaty also forbids non-state armed groups from recruiting anyone under the age of 18 for any purpose. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the treaty as a supplementary protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child by resolution 54/263 on 25 May 2000. The protocol came into force on 12 February 2002. As of February 2018, 167 states were party to the protocol and a further 13 states had signed but not ratified it.

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Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography

The Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography is a protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and requires parties to prohibit the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.

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Outline of children

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to children: Children – biologically, a child (plural: children) is generally a human between the stages of birth and puberty.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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A parent is a caregiver of the offspring in their own species.

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Pediatric nursing

Pediatric nursing is the medical care of neonates and children up to adolescence, usually in an in-patient hospital or day-clinic.

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Posttraumatic stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.

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Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.

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Religion and children

Children usually acquire the religious views of their parents, although they may also be influenced by others they communicate with such as peers and teachers.

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Right to education

The right to education has been recognized as a human right in a number of international conventions, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights which recognizes a right to free, compulsory primary education for all, an obligation to develop secondary education accessible to all, in particular by the progressive introduction of free secondary education, as well as an obligation to develop equitable access to higher education, ideally by the progressive introduction of free higher education.

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Rite of passage

A rite of passage is a ceremony of the passage which occurs when an individual leaves one group to enter another.

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A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers.

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Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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A son is a male offspring; a boy or man in relation to his parents.

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Street children

Street children are children experiencing poverty, homelessness or both, who are living on the streets of a city, town, or village.

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TheFreeDictionary.com is an American online dictionary and encyclopedia that gathers information from a variety of sources.

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Trafficking of children

Trafficking of children (aka "Child Labor" and "Child Exploitation) is a form of human trafficking and is defined as the "recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, and/or receipt" of a child for the purpose of slavery, forced labor and exploitation.

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The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program headquartered in New York City that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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USA Today

USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.

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Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation," although the group acknowledges that the inclusion of "the use of power" in its definition expands on the conventional understanding of the word.

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War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.

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West Germany

West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.

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Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention

The Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, known in short as the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, was adopted by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in 1999 as ILO Convention No 182.

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Youth detention center

In American criminal justice systems a youth detention center, also known as a juvenile detention center (JDC),Stahl, Dean, Karen Kerchelich, and Ralph De Sola.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Child

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