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Index Chimpanzee

The taxonomical genus Pan (often referred to as chimpanzees or chimps) consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo. [1]

182 relations: Affe mit Schädel, Alpha (ethology), Altruism, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Sign Language, Animal sanctuary, Animal sexual behaviour, Animism, Anthropopithecus, Aristotle, Austria, Ayumu (chimpanzee), Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Bantu languages, Ben Pridmore, Bible translations into English, Bili ape, Biology, Body language, Bonobo, Books of Kings, Broca's area, Channel 5 (UK), Charles Darwin, Chimp Haven, Chimpanzee genome project, Chimpanzee–human last common ancestor, Circus, Clown, Columbia University, Comic relief, Common chimpanzee, Congo River, Congolese rainforests, Conquest of the Planet of the Apes, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Cooperative pulling paradigm, Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, Cynometra alexandri, Daktari, Dave Garroway, David Premack, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dian Fossey, Diet (nutrition), DNA, Duarte Pacheco Pereira, East African Rift, Egalitarianism, Eidetic memory, ..., Emory University, Endangered species, Ernst Schwarz, Exotic pet, Flipper (1964 TV series), Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, Friedrich Siegmund Voigt, Frugivore, Galago, Genus, Geography of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gill Langley, Gombe Stream National Park, Gorilla, Great ape personhood, Great ape research ban, Greenwood Publishing Group, Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, Holocene, Hominidae, Homininae, Homo, Hugo Rheinhold, Human, Indiana University, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, IUCN Red List, J. Fred Muggs, Jane Goodall, Jared Diamond, Jerry Was a Man, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, John D. Hawks, Joshua Brookes, Kasai River, Kasakela chimpanzee community, Kenya, King Kong, Knuckle-walking, Kyoto University, Lancelot Link, Secret Chimp, Language acquisition, Lassie, Laughter, List of Graeco-Roman geographers, List of human evolution fossils, List of individual apes, List of Planet of the Apes characters, Live Science, Lorenz Oken, Low comedy, Mahale Mountains National Park, Mary-Claire King, Matriarchy, Middle Pleistocene, Mirror neuron, Mirror test, Monkey Day, Mourning, National Museum of Natural History, Natural selection, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee, Nim Chimpsky, Noctua (moth), Non-coding DNA, Nonviolence, Oldest hominoids, Omnivore, Orangutan, Oxford English Dictionary, Pan (god), Paramyxoviridae, Paul Gervais, Planet of the Apes (1968 film), Pliocene, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Primate Research Institute, Problem solving, Puberty, Pygmy peoples, Pythonidae, Rainmaking (ritual), Red colobus, Robert A. Heinlein, Robert Yerkes, Romance (love), Sally McBrearty, Scientific American, Senegal, Senegal bushbaby, Sidekick, Slate (magazine), Smithsonian Institution, Social grooming, Social group, Social stratification, Speciation, Species, Sperm competition, Stage (theatre), Stone tool, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subspecies, Sweden, Syntax, Syntax (logic), Tanzania, Testicle, The Black Stallion, The Chimp Channel, The London Magazine, The Third Chimpanzee, The Wild Thornberrys, Thomas Bever, Thomas Henry Huxley, Tickling, Today (U.S. TV program), Tool use by animals, Troglodytae, Troglodytes (bird), University of California, San Diego, Uplift (science fiction), Vili language, Virunga National Park, Washoe (chimpanzee), Whole genome sequencing, Wolfgang Köhler, World War II, Wren, Yerkes National Primate Research Center. Expand index (132 more) »

Affe mit Schädel

The Affe mit Schädel ("Ape with skull") is a famous work by the late-19th-century German sculptor Hugo Rheinhold.

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Alpha (ethology)

In studies of social animals, the highest ranking individual is sometimes designated as the alpha.

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Altruism is the principle and moral practice of concern for happiness of other human beings, resulting in a quality of life both material and spiritual.

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American Association for the Advancement of Science

The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an American international non-profit organization with the stated goals of promoting cooperation among scientists, defending scientific freedom, encouraging scientific responsibility, and supporting scientific education and science outreach for the betterment of all humanity.

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American Sign Language

American Sign Language (ASL) is a natural language that serves as the predominant sign language of Deaf communities in the United States and most of Anglophone Canada.

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Animal sanctuary

An animal sanctuary is a facility where animals are brought to live and be protected for the rest of their lives.

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Animal sexual behaviour

Animal sexual behaviour takes many different forms, including within the same species.

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Animism (from Latin anima, "breath, spirit, life") is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.

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The terms Anthropopithecus (Blainville, 1839) and Pithecanthropus (Haeckel, 1868) are obsolete taxa describing either chimpanzees or archaic humans.

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Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.

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Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Ayumu (chimpanzee)

Ayumu (born 24 April 2000) is a chimpanzee currently living at the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University.

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Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (15 April 1772 – 19 June 1844) was a French naturalist who established the principle of "unity of composition".

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Bantu languages

The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Ben Pridmore

Ben Pridmore is a former world memory champion, memory sport competitor and accountant.

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Bible translations into English

Partial Bible translations into languages of the English people can be traced back to the late 7th century, including translations into Old and Middle English.

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Bili ape

The Bili apes or Bondo mystery apes are large chimpanzees that inhabit Bili Forest in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

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Body language

Body language is a type of nonverbal communication in which physical behavior, as opposed to words, are used to express or convey information.

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The bonobo (Pan paniscus), formerly called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee.

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Books of Kings

The two Books of Kings, originally a single book, are the eleventh and twelfth books of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament.

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Broca's area

Broca's area or the Broca area or is a region in the frontal lobe of the dominant hemisphere, usually the left, of the hominid brain with functions linked to speech production.

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Channel 5 (UK)

Channel 5 is a British commercial television network.

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Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

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Chimp Haven

Chimp Haven, the National Chimpanzee Sanctuary, is a non-profit facility in the U.S. providing a home for chimpanzees retired from laboratory research, formerly kept as pets, and used in entertainment.

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Chimpanzee genome project

The Chimpanzee Genome Project is an effort to determine the DNA sequence of the Chimpanzee genome.

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Chimpanzee–human last common ancestor

The chimpanzee–human last common ancestor, or CHLCA, is the last common ancestor shared by the extant Homo (human) and Pan (chimpanzee) genera of Hominini.

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A circus is a company of performers who put on diverse entertainment shows that include clowns, acrobats, trained animals, trapeze acts, musicians, dancers, hoopers, tightrope walkers, jugglers, magicians, unicyclists, as well as other object manipulation and stunt-oriented artists.

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Clowns are comic performers who employ slapstick or similar types of physical comedy, often in a mime style.

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Columbia University

Columbia University (Columbia; officially Columbia University in the City of New York), established in 1754, is a private Ivy League research university in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

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Comic relief

Comic relief is the inclusion of a humorous character, scene, or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension.

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Common chimpanzee

The common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), also known as the robust chimpanzee, is a species of great ape.

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Congo River

The Congo River (also spelled Kongo River and known as the Zaire River) is the second longest river in Africa after the Nile and the second largest river in the world by discharge volume of water (after the Amazon), and the world's deepest river with measured depths in excess of.

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Congolese rainforests

The Congolese forests are a broad belt of lowland tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of the Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Biome, which extends across the basin of the Congo River and its tributaries in Central Africa.

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Conquest of the Planet of the Apes

Conquest of the Planet of the Apes is a 1972 science fiction film directed by J. Lee Thompson and written by Paul Dehn.

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Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals -- more commonly abbreviated to just the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) or the Bonn Convention and CMS COP is known as Global Wildlife conference—aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.

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Cooperative pulling paradigm

The cooperative pulling paradigm is an experimental design in which two or more animals pull rewards towards themselves via an apparatus that they can not successfully operate alone.

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Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences

Cyclopædia: or, An Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (two volumes in folio) was an encyclopedia published by Ephraim Chambers in London in 1728, and reprinted in numerous editions in the eighteenth century.

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Cynometra alexandri

The Uganda ironwood or Muhimbi (Cynometra alexandri) is a species of legume that occurs in tropical lowland forests of central and east Africa.

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Daktari (Swahili for "doctor") is an American family drama series that aired on CBS between 1966 and 1969.

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Dave Garroway

David Cunningham "Dave" Garroway (July 13, 1913 – July 21, 1982) was an American television personality.

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David Premack

David Premack (October 26, 1925 – June 11, 2015) was Emeritus Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, United States.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.

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Dian Fossey

Dian Fossey (January 16, 1932 – c. December 26, 1985) was an American primatologist and conservationist known for undertaking an extensive study of mountain gorilla groups from 1966 until her death in 1985.

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Diet (nutrition)

In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Duarte Pacheco Pereira

Duarte Pacheco Pereira (c. 1460 – 1533), called the Portuguese Achilles (Aquiles Lusitano) by the poet Camões, was a Portuguese sea captain, soldier, explorer and cartographer.

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East African Rift

The East African Rift (EAR) is an active continental rift zone in East Africa.

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Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.

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Eidetic memory

Eidetic memory (sometimes called photographic memory) is an ability to vividly recall images from memory after only a few instances of exposure, with high precision for a brief time after exposure,The terms eidetic memory and photographic memory are often used interchangeably.

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Emory University

Emory University is a private research university in the Druid Hills neighborhood of the city of Atlanta, Georgia, United States.

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Endangered species

An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.

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Ernst Schwarz

Ernst Schwarz (1 December 1889 – 23 September 1962) was a German zoologist, mammalogist, and herpetologist.

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Exotic pet

An exotic pet is a rare or unusual animal pet, or an animal kept within human households which is generally thought of as a wild species not typically kept as a pet.

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Flipper (1964 TV series)

Flipper is an American television program first broadcast on NBC from September 19, 1964, until April 15, 1967.

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Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange

Frederick Henry, or Frederik Hendrik in Dutch (29 January 1584 – 14 March 1647), was the sovereign Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel from 1625 to 1647.

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Friedrich Siegmund Voigt

Friedrich Siegmund (Sigismund) Voigt (Voight) (October 1, 1781 – December 10, 1850) was a German zoologist and botanist, with a special interest in spermatophytes.

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A frugivore is a fruit eater.

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Galagos, also known as bushbabies, bush babies, or nagapies (meaning "little night monkeys" in Afrikaans), are small nocturnal primates native to continental Africa, and make up the family Galagidae (also sometimes called Galagonidae).

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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Geography of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is by the Congo River Basin, which covers an area of almost.

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Gill Langley

Gillian Rose Langley (born 10 August 1952) is a British scientist and writer who specialises in alternatives to animal testing and animal rights.

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Gombe Stream National Park

Gombe National Park (often, but incorrectly, called "Gombe Stream National Park"), is located in western Kigoma Region, Tanzania, 10 miles (20 km) north of Kigoma, the capital of Kigoma Region.

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Gorillas are ground-dwelling, predominantly herbivorous apes that inhabit the forests of central Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Great ape personhood

Great ape personhood is a movement to extend personhood and some legal protections to the non-human members of the Hominidae or great ape family: chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans.

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Great ape research ban

A great ape research ban, or severe restrictions on the use of great apes in research, is currently in place in the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Germany and Austria.

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Greenwood Publishing Group

ABC-CLIO/Greenwood is an educational and academic publisher (middle school through university level) which is today part of ABC-CLIO.

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Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville

Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville (12 September 1777 – 1 May 1850) was a French zoologist and anatomist.

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The Holocene is the current geological epoch.

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The Hominidae, whose members are known as great apes or hominids, are a taxonomic family of primates that includes eight extant species in four genera: Pongo, the Bornean, Sumatran and Tapanuli orangutan; Gorilla, the eastern and western gorilla; Pan, the common chimpanzee and the bonobo; and Homo, which includes modern humans and its extinct relatives (e.g., the Neanderthal), and ancestors, such as Homo erectus.

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Homininae is a subfamily of Hominidae.

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Homo (Latin homō "human being") is the genus that encompasses the extant species Homo sapiens (modern humans), plus several extinct species classified as either ancestral to or closely related to modern humans (depending on a species), most notably Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis.

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Hugo Rheinhold

Wolfgang Hugo Rheinhold (26 March 1853 – 2 October 1900) was a German sculptor arguably best known for his Affe mit Schädel ("Ape with Skull").

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Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.

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Indiana University

Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.

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International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature

The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) is an organization dedicated to "achieving stability and sense in the scientific naming of animals".

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IUCN Red List

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.

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J. Fred Muggs


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Jane Goodall

Dame Jane Morris Goodall (born Valerie Jane Morris-Goodall, 3 April 1934), formerly Baroness Jane van Lawick-Goodall, is a British primatologist and anthropologist.

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Jared Diamond

Jared Mason Diamond (born September 10, 1937) is an American ecologist, geographer, biologist, anthropologist and author best known for his popular science books The Third Chimpanzee (1991); Guns, Germs, and Steel (1997, awarded a Pulitzer Prize); Collapse (2005); and The World Until Yesterday (2012).

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Jerry Was a Man

"Jerry Was a Man" (1947) is a short story by Robert A. Heinlein.

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Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (11 May 1752 – 22 January 1840) was a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist.

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John D. Hawks

John Hawks is an associate professor of anthropology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

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Joshua Brookes

Joshua Brookes (24 November 1761 – 10 January 1833) was a British anatomist and naturalist.

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Kasai River

The Kasai River (called Cassai in Angola) is a tributary (left side) of the Congo River, located in central Africa.

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Kasakela chimpanzee community

The Kasakela chimpanzee community is a habituated community of wild eastern chimpanzees that lives in Gombe National Park near Lake Tanganyika in Tanzania.

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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.

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King Kong

King Kong is a giant movie monster, resembling an enormous gorilla, that has appeared in various media since 1933.

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Knuckle-walking is a form of quadrupedal walking in which the forelimbs hold the fingers in a partially flexed posture that allows body weight to press down on the ground through the knuckles.

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Kyoto University

, or is a national university in Kyoto, Japan.

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Lancelot Link, Secret Chimp

Lancelot Link, Secret Chimp is an American action/adventure comedy series that originally aired on ABC from September 12, 1970 to January 2, 1971.

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Language acquisition

Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.

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Lassie is a fictional character created by Eric Knight; she is a female Rough Collie dog, and is featured in a short story that was later expanded to a full-length novel called Lassie Come-Home.

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Laughter is a physical reaction in humans consisting typically of rhythmical, often audible contractions of the diaphragm and other parts of the respiratory system.

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List of Graeco-Roman geographers

;Pre-Hellenistic Classical Greece.

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List of human evolution fossils

The following tables give a brief overview of several notable hominin fossil finds relating to human evolution beginning with the formation of the Hominini tribe in the late Miocene (roughly 6 million years ago).

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List of individual apes

This is a list of nonhuman apes of encyclopedic interest.

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List of Planet of the Apes characters

The ''Planet of the Apes'' franchise contains many characters that appear in one or more works.

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Live Science

Live Science is a science news website run by Purch, which it purchased from Imaginova in 2009.

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Lorenz Oken

Lorenz Oken (1 August 1779 – 11 August 1851) was a German naturalist, botanist, biologist, and ornithologist.

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Low comedy

Low comedy, in association to comedy, is a dramatic or literary form of entertainment with no primary purpose but to create laughter by boasting, boisterous jokes, drunkenness, scolding, fighting, buffoonery and other riotous activity.

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Mahale Mountains National Park

Mahale Mountains National Park lies on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in Kigoma Region, Tanzania.

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Mary-Claire King

Mary-Claire King (born February 27, 1946) is an American human geneticist.

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Matriarchy is a social system in which females (most notably in mammals) hold the primary power positions in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property at the specific exclusion of males - at least to a large degree.

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Middle Pleistocene

The Middle Pleistocene is an informal, unofficial subdivision of the Pleistocene Epoch, from 781,000 to 126,000 years ago.

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Mirror neuron

A mirror neuron is a neuron that fires both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another.

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Mirror test

The mirror test, sometimes called the mark test, mirror self-recognition test (MSR), red spot technique or rouge test is a behavioural technique developed in 1970 by psychologist Gordon Gallup Jr. as an attempt to determine whether a non-human animal possesses the ability of visual self-recognition.

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Monkey Day

Monkey Day is an unofficial international holiday celebrated on December 14.

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Mourning is, in the simplest sense, grief over someone's death.

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National Museum of Natural History

The National Museum of Natural History is a natural-history museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., United States.

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Natural selection

Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.

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The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee

The Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) is a subspecies of the common chimpanzee which inhabits the rainforests along the border of Nigeria and Cameroon.

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Nim Chimpsky

Nim Chimpsky (November 19, 1973 – March 10, 2000) was a chimpanzee who was the subject of an extended study of animal language acquisition (codenamed 6.001) at Columbia University, led by Herbert S. Terrace; the linguistic analysis was led by the psycholinguist Thomas Bever.

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Noctua (moth)

Noctua (Latin for "little owl") is a genus of moths.

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Non-coding DNA

In genomics and related disciplines, noncoding DNA sequences are components of an organism's DNA that do not encode protein sequences.

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Nonviolence is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition.

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Oldest hominoids

This article lists the oldest known individual Hominidae, separated by species.

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Omnivore is a consumption classification for animals that have the capability to obtain chemical energy and nutrients from materials originating from plant and animal origin.

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The orangutans (also spelled orang-utan, orangutang, or orang-utang) are three extant species of great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia.

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Oxford English Dictionary

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language, published by the Oxford University Press.

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Pan (god)

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pan (Πάν, Pan) is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature of mountain wilds, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs.

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Paramyxoviridae is a family of viruses in the order Mononegavirales.

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Paul Gervais

Paul Gervais full name François Louis Paul Gervaise (26 September 1816 – 10 February 1879) was a French palaeontologist and entomologist.

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Planet of the Apes (1968 film)

Planet of the Apes is a 1968 American science fiction film directed by Franklin J. Schaffner.

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The Pliocene (also Pleiocene) Epoch is the epoch in the geologic timescale that extends from 5.333 million to 2.58 million years BP.

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Posttraumatic stress disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Acceptable variants of this term exist; see the Terminology section in this article.

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Primate Research Institute

is a Japanese research center for the study of primates.

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Problem solving

Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, to find solutions to problems.

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Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction.

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Pygmy peoples

In anthropology, pygmy peoples are ethnic groups whose average height is unusually short.

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The Pythonidae, commonly known simply as pythons, from the Greek word python (πυθων), are a family of nonvenomous snakes found in Africa, Asia, and Australia.

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Rainmaking (ritual)

Rainmaking is a weather modification ritual that attempts to invoke rain.

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Red colobus

Red colobuses are Old World monkeys of the subgenus Piliocolobus in the genus Procolobus.

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Robert A. Heinlein

Robert Anson Heinlein (See also the biography at the end of For Us, the Living, 2004 edition, p. 261. July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was an American science-fiction writer.

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Robert Yerkes

Robert Mearns Yerkes (May 26, 1876 – February 3, 1956) was an American psychologist, ethologist, eugenicist and primatologist best known for his work in intelligence testing and in the field of comparative psychology.

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Romance (love)

Romance is the expressive and generally pleasurable feeling from an emotional attraction towards another person.

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Sally McBrearty

Sally McBrearty is an American palaeoanthropologist and Palaeolithic archaeologist.

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Scientific American

Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.

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Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.

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Senegal bushbaby

The Senegal bushbaby (Galago senegalensis), also known as the Senegal galago, the lesser galago or the lesser bush baby, is a small, nocturnal primate, a member of the galago family Galagidae.

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A sidekick is a slang expression for a close companion or colleague (not necessarily in fiction) who is, or generally regarded as, subordinate to the one he or she accompanies.

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Slate (magazine)

Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.

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Smithsonian Institution

The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.

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Social grooming

Social grooming is a behaviour in which social animals, including humans, clean or maintain one another's body or appearance.

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Social group

In the social sciences, a social group has been defined as two or more people who interact with one another, share similar characteristics, and collectively have a sense of unity.

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Social stratification

Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).

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Speciation is the evolutionary process by which populations evolve to become distinct species.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Sperm competition

Sperm competition is the competitive process between spermatozoa of two or more different males to fertilize the same egg during sexual reproduction.

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Stage (theatre)

In theatre and performing arts, the stage (sometimes referred to as the deck in stagecraft) is a designated space for the performance of productions.

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Stone tool

A stone tool is, in the most general sense, any tool made either partially or entirely out of stone.

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Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.

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In biological classification, the term subspecies refers to a unity of populations of a species living in a subdivision of the species’s global range and varies from other populations of the same species by morphological characteristics.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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In linguistics, syntax is the set of rules, principles, and processes that govern the structure of sentences in a given language, usually including word order.

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Syntax (logic)

In logic, syntax is anything having to do with formal languages or formal systems without regard to any interpretation or meaning given to them.

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Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.

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The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.

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The Black Stallion

The Black Stallion, known as the Black or Shêtân, is the title character from author Walter Farley's bestselling series about the Arab stallion and his young owner, Alec Ramsay.

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The Chimp Channel

The Chimp Channel is an American comedy television series which aired on TBS Superstation in 1999.

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The London Magazine

The London Magazine is a publication of arts, literature and miscellaneous interests.

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The Third Chimpanzee

The Third Chimpanzee: The Evolution and Future of the Human Animal is a 1991 book by academic and popular science author Jared Diamond, in which the author explores concepts relating to the animal origins of human behavior, including cultural characteristics and those features often regarded as particularly unique to humans.

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The Wild Thornberrys

The Wild Thornberrys is an American animated television series that originally aired on Nickelodeon from 1998 to 2004.

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Thomas Bever

Thomas G. Bever (born December 9, 1939) is a Regent's Professor of Psychology, Linguistics, Cognitive Science, and Neuroscience at the University of Arizona.

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Thomas Henry Huxley

Thomas Henry Huxley (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist specialising in comparative anatomy.

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Tickling is the act of touching a part of a body in a way that causes involuntary twitching movements or laughter.

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Today (U.S. TV program)

Today, also called The Today Show, is an American news and talk morning television show that airs on NBC.

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Tool use by animals

Tool use by animals is a phenomenon in which an animal uses any kind of tool in order to achieve a goal such as acquiring food and water, grooming, defense, recreation or construction.

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The Troglodytae (Τρωγλοδύται), or Troglodyti (literally "cave goers"), were a people mentioned in various locations by many ancient Greek and Roman geographers and historians, including Herodotus (5th century BCE), Agatharchides (2nd century BCE), Diodorus Siculus (1st century BCE), Strabo (64/63 BCE – c.  24 CE), Pliny (1st century CE), Josephus (37 – c. 100 CE), Tacitus (c. 56 – after 117 CE), etc.

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Troglodytes (bird)

Troglodytes is a genus of small passerine birds in the wren family.

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University of California, San Diego

The University of California, San Diego is a public research university located in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, in the United States.

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Uplift (science fiction)

In science fiction, uplift is a developmental process to transform a certain species of animals into more intelligent beings by other, already-intelligent beings.

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Vili language

Vili (Civili) is one of the Zone H Bantu languages, grouped with the Sira clade (historically also with the Kongo clade).

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Virunga National Park

The Virunga National Park (Parc National des Virunga), formerly named Albert National Park, is a National Park that stretches from the Virunga Mountains in the south to the Rwenzori Mountains in the north, in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, bordering Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and Rwenzori Mountains National Park and Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda.

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Washoe (chimpanzee)

Washoe (c. September 1965 – October 30, 2007) was a female common chimpanzee who was the first non-human to learn to communicate using American Sign Language as part of a research experiment on animal language acquisition.

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Whole genome sequencing

Whole genome sequencing (also known as WGS, full genome sequencing, complete genome sequencing, or entire genome sequencing) is the process of determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism's genome at a single time.

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Wolfgang Köhler

Wolfgang Köhler (21 January 1887 – 11 June 1967) was a German psychologist and phenomenologist who, like Max Wertheimer, and Kurt Koffka, contributed to the creation of Gestalt psychology.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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The wrens are mostly small, brownish passerine birds in the mainly New World family Troglodytidae.

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Yerkes National Primate Research Center

The Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Atlanta, Georgia, is one of seven national primate research centers funded by the National Institutes of Health.

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Anatomy and physiology of chimpanzees, Anthropithecus, Anthropopithecus troglodytes, Chimp, Chimp attacks, Chimpanjee, Chimpanzee intelligence, Chimpanzees, Chimps, Pan (biology), Pan (genus), Pan (mammal), Panina, Panina (subtribe), Paninae, Panine, Panini (Primates), Panini (primates), Paninina.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chimpanzee

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