299 relations: Air China, Alec Douglas-Home, Allies of World War I, Amethyst Incident, Anglo-Japanese Alliance, Anthony Eden, Anthony Grey, Asian Development Bank, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Augustus Raymond Margary, Bank for International Settlements, Barbara Woodward, Barking, Battle of Chosin Reservoir, Battle of Kapyong, Battle of Pakchon, Battle of the Hook, Battle of the Imjin River, BBC World Service, Beijing, Beijing Capital Airlines, Beijing Capital International Airport, Beiyang government, Belfast, Boris Johnson, Boxer Protocol, Boxer Rebellion, Britain's Got Talent, British Airways, British Chinese, British Consulate-General, Hong Kong, British Hong Kong, British Office Taipei, Cambridge Seven, Carrie Gracie, Cathay Pacific, CCTV-13, CCTV-4, CGTN (TV channel), CGTN Documentary, Chargé d'affaires, Charles George Gordon, Charles I of England, Cheng Hong, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, Chiang Kai-shek, China, China and the United Nations, China Daily, China Eastern Airlines, ..., China Hands, China Policy Institute, China Radio International, China Railway, China Southern Airlines, China's Got Talent, China–Britain Business Council, Chinese Civil War, Chinese Labour Corps, Chongqing, Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, Christopher Hum, Claude Maxwell MacDonald, Clement Attlee, CNC World, Cold War, Comac C919, Communist Party of China, Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, Convention of Chuenpi, Convention of Peking, CRRC, David Cameron, DB Cargo UK, Deng Xiaoping, East India Company, Economist, Edinburgh, Edward Heath, Edward I of England, Elizabeth II, Embassy of China, London, Embassy of the United Kingdom, Beijing, Eric Liddell, Ernest Mason Satow, Exercise RIMPAC, Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering, Financial Times, First Battle of Maryang San, First Opium War, Food and Agriculture Organization, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Foreign relations of China, Foreign relations of imperial China, Foreign relations of Taiwan, Foreign relations of the United Kingdom, Former British Consulate at Takao, Fort San Domingo, Frederick W. Baller, Freedom of Information Act 2000, Freeview (UK), G20, Gascony, Gatwick Airport, George Ernest Morrison, George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, George Osborne, Gladys Aylward, Godfrey Kneller, Gordon Brown, Government of the United Kingdom, Griffith John, Guangzhou, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, Guangzhou Military Region, Guo Jinlong, Guo Songtao, Hainan Airlines, Hankou, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, Harry Smith Parkes, Heathrow Airport, Herbert Giles, History of Shanghai, Hong Kong, Hong Kong 1967 leftist riots, Hong Kong International Airport, Hong Kong Island, Hongyipao, Hu Jintao, Hua Guofeng, Huang Yongsheng, Hudson Taylor, Humen, Idol (franchise), Imjin River, International Atomic Energy Agency, International Chamber of Commerce, International Court of Justice, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Energy Agency, International Hydrographic Organization, International Maritime Organization, International Monetary Fund, International Olympic Committee, International relations, International Renewable Energy Agency, International Telecommunication Union, Interpol, Invasion, Isabel Hilton, James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, James Callaghan, James II of England, James Legge, Jiang Zemin, John Jordan (diplomat), John Major, Jonathan Spence, Joseph Needham, Kaohsiung, Keswick family, Korean War, Kowloon Peninsula, Labour Party (UK), Lancelot Dent, Lüshunkou District, Legation, Levant Company, Li Hongzhang, Li Keqiang, List of ambassadors of China to the United Kingdom, List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to China, Liu Xiaoming, London, London Underground, Macartney Embassy, Macau, Mainland China, Manchester, Manchester Airport, Manchester Evening News, Mao Zedong, Margaret Thatcher, Margary Affair, Martin Jacques, May Fourth Movement, May Thirtieth Movement, Michael Shen Fu-Tsung, Ming dynasty, Moscow Conference (1945), Most favoured nation, MTR Corporation, Nanjing, Nationalist government, Nei Lingding Island, Neville Chamberlain, New Territories, Old Summer Palace, Pearl River Delta, Peng Liyuan, People's Liberation Army, People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison, People's Volunteer Army, Phoenix Chinese News and Entertainment Channel, Qingdao Liuting International Airport, Rabban Bar Sauma, Radio jamming, Radio jamming in China, Red Guards, Reuters, Robert Morrison (missionary), RTHK, Russo-Japanese War, Second Opium War, Second Sino-Japanese War, Set-top box, Shandong, Shandong Problem, Shanghai, Shanghai Municipal Police, Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Sherlock (TV series), Shortwave radio, Sikkim, Sikkim expedition, Simon Winchester, Sino-British Joint Declaration, Sir Robert Hart, 1st Baronet, Sky UK, South Western Railway (train operating company), Special administrative region, State visit, Sun Yat-sen, Super Girl (TV series), Sustainable Agriculture Innovation Network, Suzerainty, Taipei, Taiwan Provincial Government, TfL Rail, The Daily Telegraph, The Guardian, The Sunday Times, The Times, Theresa May, Thomas Francis Wade, Tianjin Airlines, Tianjin Binhai International Airport, Tibet, Tony Blair, Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, Treaty of Nanking, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881), Treaty of the Bogue, Treaty of Tientsin, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Treaty ports, TVB-Europe (broadcaster), Unequal treaty, UNESCO, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Security Council, Universal Postal Union, University of Cambridge, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, University of Oxford, Virgin Atlantic, Weihai, Wen Jiabao, WhatDoTheyKnow, WHSmith, William Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst, William Courten, William Jardine (merchant), William of Rubruck, Winston Churchill, World Bank, World Customs Organization, World Health Organization, World Meteorological Organization, World Tourism Organization, World Trade Organization, World War I, World War II, Wuhan, Wuhan Tianhe International Airport, Xi Jinping, Xi'an Xianyang International Airport, Xiamen, Yangtze, Yangzhou riot, Yiwu, Yiwu-London railway line, Zhang Zhidong, Zhou Enlai, 1954 Geneva Conference, 2012 Summer Olympics. Expand index (249 more) » « Shrink index
Air China Limited is the flag carrier and one of the major airlines of the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing.
Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, (2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1963 to October 1964.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
The Amethyst Incident, also known as the Yangtze Incident, was a historic event which involved the Royal Navy ship HMS ''Amethyst'' on the Yangtze River for three months during the Chinese Civil War in the summer of 1949.
The first was signed in London at Lansdowne House, on 30 January 1902, by Lord Lansdowne (British foreign secretary) and Hayashi Tadasu (Japanese minister in London).
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.
Anthony Grey OBE (born 5 July 1938) is a British journalist and author.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966, which is headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines.
The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank that aims to support the building of infrastructure in the Asia-Pacific region.
Augustus Raymond Margary (26 May 1846 – 21 February 1875) was a British diplomat and explorer.
The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an international financial institution owned by central banks which "fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks".
Dame Barbara Janet Woodward (born 29 May 1961) is a British diplomat and China expert.
Barking is a town in East London, England, in the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham and the county of Essex.
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir, also known as the Chosin Reservoir Campaign or the Battle of Jhangjin Lake (장진호 전투; hanja: 長津湖戰鬪; rr: Jangjin ho jeontu), was a decisive battle in the Korean War.
The Battle of Kapyong (가평전투, 22–25 April 1951), also known as the Battle of Jiaping, was fought during the Korean War between United Nations (UN) forces—primarily Australian, Canadian and New Zealand—and the Chinese communist People's Volunteer Army.
The Battle of Pakchon (5 November 1950), also known as the Battle of Bochuan, took place ten days after the start of the Chinese First Phase Offensive, following the entry of the People's Volunteer Army into the Korean War.
Battle of the Hook refers to several engagements during the Korean War.
For the similarly named battle during the Imjin War, see Battle of Imjin River (1592).
The BBC World Service, the world's largest international broadcaster, broadcasts radio and television news, speech and discussions in over 30 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, Internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, DAB, FM and MW relays.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Beijing Capital Airlines, operating as Beijing Capital, is a Chinese low-cost airline based in Beijing Capital International Airport.
Beijing Capital International Airport is the main international airport serving Beijing.
The Beiyang government (北洋政府), also sometimes spelled Peiyang Government, refers to the government of the Republic of China, which was in place in the capital city Beijing from 1912 to 1928.
Belfast (is the capital city of Northern Ireland, located on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast of Ireland.
Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born 19 June 1964), best known as Boris Johnson, is a British politician, popular historian and journalist serving as Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs since 2016 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Uxbridge and South Ruislip since 2015.
The Boxer Protocol was signed on September 7, 1901, between the Qing Empire of China and the Eight-Nation Alliance that had provided military forces (Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) plus Belgium, Spain and the Netherlands after China's defeat in the intervention to put down the Boxer Rebellion at the hands of the Eight-Power Expeditionary Force.
The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.
Britain's Got Talent (often abbreviated to BGT) is a British talent show competition, and is part of the ''Got Talent'' franchise created by Simon Cowell.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
British Chinese (also known as Chinese British, Chinese Britons) are people of Chineseparticularly Han Chineseancestry who reside in the United Kingdom, constituting the second or third largest group of overseas Chinese in Europe apart from the Chinese diaspora in France and the overseas Chinese community in Russia.
The British Consulate-General Hong Kong, located at 1 Supreme Court Road, Admiralty, Hong Kong Island, is one of the largest British Consulates-General in the world and is bigger than many British Embassies and High Commissions.
British Hong Kong was the period during which Hong Kong was under British Crown rule, from 1841 to 1997 (excluding the Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945).
British Office Taipei, formerly British Trade and Cultural Office, is the representative office of the United Kingdom in Taiwan with a principal role to promote the British trade and investment interests.
The Cambridge Seven were six students from Cambridge University and one from the Royal Military Academy, who in 1885, decided to become missionaries to China through the China Inland Mission.
Carrie Gracie (born 1962)Ben Dowell, theguardian.com, 12 May 2009 is a Scottish journalist, who is employed by the BBC and was the China editor for BBC News.
Cathay Pacific Airways Limited is the flag carrier of Hong Kong, with its head office and main hub located at Hong Kong International Airport.
CCTV-13 (China Central Television News Channel), formerly CCTV News, broadcasting across China since 2003, is the news channel of China Central Television and the biggest news channel on mainland China.
CCTV-4 中文国际 is a 24-hour Chinese international channel.
CGTN (China Global Television Network), formerly known as CCTV-NEWS, CCTV-9, and CCTV English International, is a 24-hour English news channel, of China Central Television (CCTV) part of the China Global Television Network group, based in Beijing.
CGTN Documentary (formerly CCTV-9 until 31 December 2016) is a television channel operated by Chinese state broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) as a part of CGTN group of international channels, broadcasting documentaries in English language.
A chargé d'affaires, often shortened to chargé (French) and sometimes to charge-D (abbreviated in colloquial English), is a diplomat who heads an embassy in the absence of the ambassador.
Major-General Charles George Gordon CB (28 January 1833 – 26 January 1885), also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Cheng Hong (born 1957 in Zhengzhou, China) is an English professor at the Capital University of Economics and Business and the wife of Li Keqiang, current Premier of the People's Republic of China.
Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is the major international airport serving Chengdu, the capital of China's Sichuan Province.
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China was one of the charter members of the United Nations and is one of five permanent members of its Security Council.
China Daily is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China.
China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (colloquially known as 东航/東航) is an airline headquartered in the China Eastern Airlines Building, on the grounds of Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in Changning District, Shanghai.
The term China Hand originally referred to 19th-century merchants in the treaty ports of China, but came to be used for anyone with expert knowledge of the language, culture, and people of China.
The China Policy Institute is located in the School of Politics and International Relations at the University of Nottingham.
China Radio International (CRI) is a state-owned international radio broadcaster of the People's Republic of China.
China Railway, commonly known as CR, full name China Railway Corporation is a state-owned sole proprietorship enterprise that undertakes railway passenger and cargo transportation services in the People's Republic of China and is a state-owned industrial enterprise established under the "Law of the People's Republic of China on All-Ownership Industrial Enterprises." The Ministry of Finance acts on behalf of the State Council to perform the duties of investors..
China Southern Airlines Company Limited is an airline headquartered in Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Established on 1 July 1988 following the restructuring of the Civil Aviation Administration of China that acquired and merged a number of domestic airlines, the airline became one of China's "Big Three" airlines (alongside Air China and China Eastern Airlines), the world's sixth-largest airline measured by passengers carried and Asia's largest airline in fleet size, revenue and passengers carried. With its main hubs at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport, the airline operates more than 2,000 flights to 208 destinations daily as a member of SkyTeam. The logo of the airline consists of a kapok flower (which is also the city flower of Guangzhou) on a blue tail fin. The parent company of China Southern Airlines Company Limited is China Southern Air Holding Company, a state-owned enterprise that was supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.
China's Got Talent is a Chinese reality television series on Dragon TV and a part of the Got Talent franchise, hosted by Cheng Lei.
The China–Britain Business Council (CBBC) is the leading British organisation promoting trade and investment between the UK and China.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Chinese Labour Corps (CLC; Corps de Travailleurs Chinois) was a force of workers recruited by the British government in World War I to free troops for front line duty by performing support work and manual labour.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport is located in the Yubei District of Chongqing, People's Republic of China.
Sir Christopher Owen Hum (born 27 January 1946) is the former UK Ambassador to the People's Republic of China and Master of a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.
Colonel Sir Claude Maxwell MacDonald, (12 June 1852 – 10 September 1915) was a British soldier and diplomat, best known for his service in China and Japan.
Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was a British statesman of the Labour Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955.
CNC World is a 24-hour global English-language news channel, launched on July 1, 2010.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Comac C919 is a narrow-body twinjet airliner developed by Chinese aerospace manufacturer Comac.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
The Convention between the United Kingdom and China, Respecting an Extension of Hong Kong Territory, commonly known as the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory or the Second Convention of Peking, was a lease signed between Qing China and the United Kingdom on 9 June 1898.
The Convention of Chuenpi (also spelt Chuanbi) was a tentative agreement between British Plenipotentiary Charles Elliot and Chinese Imperial Commissioner Qishan during the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China.
The Convention or First Convention of Peking, sometimes now known as the Convention of Beijing, is an agreement comprising three distinct treaties concluded between the Qing dynasty of China and the United Kingdom, French Empire, and Russian Empire in 1860.
CRRC Corporation Limited (known as CRRC) is a Chinese publicly traded rolling stock manufacturer, formed on 1 June 2015 with the merger of CNR and CSR.
David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.
DB Cargo UK, formerly DB Schenker Rail UK and English, Welsh & Scottish Railway (EWS), is a British rail freight company headquartered in Doncaster, England.
Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese politician.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
An economist is a practitioner in the social science discipline of economics.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Sir Edward Richard George Heath (9 July 1916 – 17 July 2005), often known as Ted Heath, was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.
Edward I (17/18 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
The Embassy of China in London is the diplomatic mission of China in the United Kingdom.
The Embassy of the United Kingdom in Beijing is the chief diplomatic mission of the United Kingdom in the People's Republic of China.
Eric Henry Liddell (16 January 1902 – 21 February 1945) was a Scottish Olympic Gold Medalist runner, rugby union international player, and Christian missionary.
Sir Ernest Mason Satow, (30 June 1843 – 26 August 1929), was a British scholar, diplomat and Japanologist.
RIMPAC, the Rim of the Pacific Exercise, is the world's largest international maritime warfare exercise.
The Financial Action Task Force (on Money Laundering) (FATF), also known by its French name, Groupe d'action financière (GAFI), is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of the G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.
The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.
The First Battle of Maryang San (3–8 October 1951), also known as the Defensive Battle of Maliangshan, was fought during the Korean War between United Nations (UN) forces—primarily Australian and British—and the Chinese communist People's Volunteer Army.
The First Opium War (第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the Opium War or the Anglo-Chinese War, was a series of military engagements fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in China.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), commonly called the Foreign Office, is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom.
The foreign relations of the People's Republic of China (PRC), commonly known to most states as China, guides the way in which China interacts with foreign nations and expresses its political, economic and cultural strengths, weaknesses and values.
Imperial China had a long tradition of foreign relations.
The foreign relations of the Republic of China (ROC), referred to by many states as Taiwan, are the relations between the Republic of China and other countries.
The diplomatic foreign relations of the United Kingdom are conducted by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, headed by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs.
The British Consulate at Takao is a former British consulate built in 1865 in Gushan District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
The Fort San Domingo was originally a wooden fort built by the Spanish in 1629 at Tamsui District, New Taipei, Taiwan.
Frederick William Baller (21 November 1852 – 12 August 1922) was a British Protestant Christian missionary to China, Chinese linguist, translator, educator and sinologist.
The Freedom of Information Act 2000 (c.36) is an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities.
Freeview is the United Kingdom's digital terrestrial television platform.
The G20 (or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.
Gascony (Gascogne; Gascon: Gasconha; Gaskoinia) is an area of southwest France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution.
Gatwick Airport (also known as London Gatwick) is a major international airport near Crawley in southeast England, south of Central London.
George Ernest "G.
George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, KB (14 May 1737 – 31 May 1806) was a British statesman, colonial administrator and diplomat.
George Gideon Oliver Osborne (born 23 May 1971) is a British Conservative Party politician, who was Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton from June 2001 until he stood down on 3 May 2017.
Gladys May Aylward (24 February 1902 – 3 January 1970) was a British evangelical Christian missionary to China, whose story was told in the book The Small Woman, by Alan Burgess, published in 1957, and made into the film The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, starring Ingrid Bergman, in 1958.
Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1st Baronet (born Gottfried Kniller; 8 August 1646 – 19 October 1723), was the leading portrait painter in England during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and was court painter to English and British monarchs from Charles II to George I. His major works include The Chinese Convert (1687; Royal Collection, London); a series of four portraits of Isaac Newton painted at various junctures of the latter's life; a series of ten reigning European monarchs, including King Louis XIV of France; over 40 "kit-cat portraits" of members of the Kit-Cat Club; and ten "beauties" of the court of William III, to match a similar series of ten beauties of the court of Charles II painted by his predecessor as court painter, Sir Peter Lely.
James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2010.
The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Griffith John (14 December 1831 – 25 July 1912) was a Welsh Christian missionary and translator in China.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is the major airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China.
The Guangzhou Military Region was from 1955 to 2016 one of the People's Liberation Army PLA Military Regions, located in the south of the People's Republic of China.
Guo Jinlong (born July 1947) is a Chinese politician, currently serivng as the Vice Chairman of the Central Guidance Commission on Building Spiritual Civilization, and a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China.
Guo Songtao (w; 11 April 1818 – 18 July 1891) was a Chinese diplomat and statesman during the Qing dynasty.
Hainan Airlines Co., Ltd. (HNA) is an airline headquartered in Haikou, Hainan, People's Republic of China.
Hankou p Hànkǒu), formerly romanized as Hankow (Hangkow), was one of the three cities whose merging formed modern-day Wuhan municipality, the capital of the Hubei province, China.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British Labour politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976.
Sir Harry Smith Parkes (24 February 1828 – 22 March 1885) was a British diplomat who served as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary and Consul General of the United Kingdom to the Empire of Japan from 1865 to 1883 and the Chinese Qing Empire from 1883 to 1885, and Minister to Korea in 1884.
Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.
Herbert Allen Giles (8 December 184513 February 1935) was a British diplomat and sinologist who was the professor of Chinese at Cambridge University for 35 years.
The history of Shanghai spans over a thousand years and closely parallels the development of modern China.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The Hong Kong 1967 leftist riots were large-scale riots between pro-communists and their sympathisers, and the establishment.
Hong Kong International Airport is the main airport in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of Hong Kong.
Hongyipao (hồng di pháo) was the Chinese name for European style muzzle-loading culverins introduced to China and Korea from the Portuguese colony of Macau and by the Hendrick Hamel expedition to Joseon in the early 17th century.
---- Hu Jintao (born 21 December 1942) is a Chinese politician who was the paramount leader of China from 2002 to 2012.
Hua Guofeng (born Su Zhu; 16 February 1921 – 20 August 2008) was a Chinese politician who served as Chairman of the Communist Party of China and Premier of the People's Republic of China.
Huang Yongsheng (1910–1983) was a general of the China's People's Liberation Army.
James Hudson Taylor (21 May 1832 – 3 June 1905) was a British Protestant Christian missionary to China and founder of the China Inland Mission (CIM, now OMF International).
The Humen, known historically by Europeans as the Bocca Tigris or Bogue, is a narrow strait in the Pearl River Delta that separates Shiziyang in the north and Lingdingyang in the south near Humen Town in China's Guangdong Province.
Idols (also known as SuperStar in some countries) is a reality television singing competition format created by British television producer Simon Fuller and developed by FremantleMedia.
The Imjin River (in South Korea) or Rimjin River (in North Korea) is the 7th largest river in Korea.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC; French: Chambre de commerce internationale) is the largest, most representative business organization in the world.
The International Court of Justice (abbreviated ICJ; commonly referred to as the World Court) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN).
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International Energy Agency (IEA) (Agence internationale de l'énergie) is a Paris-based autonomous intergovernmental organization established in the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1974 in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis.
The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) is the inter-governmental organisation representing hydrography.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO), known as the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) until 1982, is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS) or global studies (GS) — is the study of interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level.
The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organization to promote adoption and sustainable use of renewable energy.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
The International Criminal Police Organization (Organisation internationale de police criminelle; ICPO-INTERPOL), more commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates international police cooperation.
An invasion is a military offensive in which large parts of combatants of one geopolitical entity aggressively enter territory controlled by another such entity, generally with the objective of either conquering; liberating or re-establishing control or authority over a territory; forcing the partition of a country; altering the established government or gaining concessions from said government; or a combination thereof.
Isabel Nancy Hilton OBE (born 25 November 1949 in Aberdeen) is a Scottish journalist and broadcaster based in London.
James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin and 12th Earl of Kincardine, (20 July 1811 – 20 November 1863) was a British colonial administrator and diplomat. He served as Governor of Jamaica (1842–1846), Governor General of the Province of Canada (1847–1854), and Viceroy of India (1862–1863). In 1857, he was appointed High Commissioner and Plenipotentiary in China and the Far East to assist in the process of opening up China and Japan to Western trade. In 1860, during the Second Opium War in China, in the retaliation of the torture and execution of almost twenty European and Indian prisoners, he ordered the destruction of the Old Summer Palace in Beijing, an architectural wonder with immeasurable collections of artworks and historic antiques, inflicting invaluable loss of cultural heritage. Subsequently, he submitted the Qing Dynasty to the unequal treaty of the Convention of Peking, adding Kowloon Peninsula to the British crown colony of Hong Kong.
Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
James Legge (20 December 181529 November 1897) was a Scottish sinologist, missionary, and scholar, best known as an early and prolific translator of Classical Chinese texts into English.
Jiang Zemin (born 17 August 1926) is a retired Chinese politician who served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1989 to 2002, as Chairman of the Central Military Commission from 1989 to 2004, and as President of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003.
Sir John Newell Jordan (5 September 1852 – 14 September 1925) was a British diplomat.
Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997.
Jonathan Dermot Spence (born 11 August 1936) is a British-born American historian and public intellectual specialising in Chinese history.
Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (9 December 1900 – 24 March 1995) was a British biochemist, historian and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing on the history of Chinese science and technology.
Kaohsiung City (Hokkien POJ: Ko-hiông; Hakka: Kô-hiùng; old names: Takao, Takow, Takau) is a special municipality located in southern-western Taiwan and facing the Taiwan Strait.
The Keswick family (pronounced with a silent "w", "Kezzick") are a business dynasty of Scottish origin associated with the Far East since 1855 and in particular the conglomerate Jardine Matheson.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
The Kowloon Peninsula is a peninsula that forms the southern part of the main landmass in the territory of Hong Kong.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.
Lancelot Dent was a 19th-century British merchant resident for a period in Canton, China who dealt primarily in opium.
Lüshunkou District (also Lyushunkou District) is a district of Dalian, in Liaoning province, China.
A legation was a diplomatic representative office of lower rank than an embassy.
The Levant Company was an English chartered company formed in 1592.
Li Hongzhang, Marquess Suyi (also romanised as Li Hung-chang) (15 February 1823 – 7 November 1901),, was a Chinese politician, general and diplomat of the late Qing dynasty.
Li Keqiang (Mandarin:; born 1 July 1955) is the current Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.
This is a list of diplomatic representatives from China to the Court of St James's.
The Ambassador of the United Kingdom to China is the United Kingdom's foremost diplomatic representative in the People's Republic of China, and in charge of the UK's diplomatic mission in China.
Liu Xiaoming (born January 1956) is a Chinese diplomat serving as ambassador to the United Kingdom since 2009.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Underground (also known simply as the Underground, or by its nickname the Tube) is a public rapid transit system serving London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
The Macartney Embassy, also called the Macartney Mission, was the first British diplomatic mission to China, which took place in 1793.
Macau, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Manchester Airport is an international airport in Ringway, Manchester, England, south-west of Manchester city centre.
The Manchester Evening News (MEN) is a regional daily newspaper covering Greater Manchester in North West England.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
The Margary Affair (or 滇案; Diān àn) was a crisis in Sino-British relations, which followed the murder of British official Augustus Raymond Margary in 1875.
Martin Jacques (born 1945) is a British journalist, editor, academic, political commentator and author.
The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student participants in Beijing on 4 May 1919, protesting against the Chinese government's weak response to the Treaty of Versailles, especially allowing Japan to receive territories in Shandong which had been surrendered by Germany after the Siege of Tsingtao.
The May Thirtieth Movement was a major labor and anti-imperialist movement during the middle-period of the Republic of China era.
Michael Alphonsius Shen Fu-Tsung, also Michel Sin, Michel Chin-fo-tsoung, Shen Fo-tsung, Shen Fuzong (died 1691), By Albert Chan (2002) p.395 was a Chinese mandarin from Nanjing and a convert to Catholicism who was brought to Europe by the Walloon Jesuit priest Philippe Couplet, Procurator of the China Jesuit Missions in Rome.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers (also known as the Interim Meeting of Foreign Ministers) of the United States (James F. Byrnes), the United Kingdom (Ernest Bevin), and the Soviet Union (Vyacheslav Molotov) met in December 1945 to discuss the problems of occupation, establishing peace, and other Far East issues.
In international economic relations and international politics, "most favoured nation" (MFN) is a status or level of treatment accorded by one state to another in international trade.
MTR Corporation Limited is a Hong Kong company listed on the Hong Kong Exchange, and a component of Hang Seng Index.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
The Nationalist government, officially the National Government of the Republic of China, refers to the government of the Republic of China between 1 July 1925 to 20 May 1948, led by the Kuomintang (KMT, Chinese Nationalist Party).
Nei or Inner Lingding Island, formerly romanized as Lintin or is an island in the Pearl River estuary in the southeastern Chinese province of Guangdong.
Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940.
The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula.
The Old Summer Palace, known in Chinese as Yuanming Yuan, and originally called the Imperial Gardens, was a complex of palaces and gardens in present-day Haidian District, Beijing, China. It is located northwest of the walls of the former Imperial City section of Beijing.
The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region (PRD), also known as Zhujiang Delta or Zhusanjiao, is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary, where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea.
Peng Liyuan (born 20 November 1962) is a Chinese contemporary folk singer and performing artist.
The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Communist Party of China (CPC).
The People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison is a garrison of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), responsible for defense duties in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region since the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred to the PRC in 1997.
The (Chinese) People's Volunteer Army (PVA or CPVA) was the armed forces deployed by the People's Republic of China during the Korean War.
Phoenix Chinese News and Entertainment or Phoenix CNE Channel is one of the six channels that Phoenix Television operates.
Qingdao Liuting International Airport is the main international airport serving the city of Qingdao in Shandong Province, China.
Rabban Bar Ṣawma (1220–1294) (Syriac language: ܪܒܢ ܒܪ ܨܘܡܐ), also known as Rabban Ṣawma or Rabban Çauma,Mantran, p. 298, was a Turkic Chinese monk turned diplomat of the "Nestorian" Church of the East in China.
Radio jamming is the deliberate jamming, blocking or interference with authorized wireless communications.
Radio jamming in China is a form of censorship in the People's Republic of China that involves deliberate attempts by state or Communist Party organs to interfere with radio broadcasts.
Red Guards were a student mass paramilitary social movement mobilized by Mao Zedong in 1966 and 1967, during the Cultural Revolution.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Robert Morrison, FRS (5 January 1782 – 1 August 1834), was an Anglo-Scottish Protestant missionary to Portuguese Macao, Qing-era Guangdong, and Dutch Malacca, who was also a pioneering sinologist, lexicographer, and translator considered the "Father of Anglo-Chinese Literature".
Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK) is the public broadcasting service of Hong Kong.
The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
The Second Opium War (第二次鴉片戰爭), the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the United Kingdom and the French Empire against the Qing dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) (one type also colloquially known as a cable box) is an information appliance device that generally contains a TV-tuner input and displays output to a television set and an external source of signal, turning the source signal into content in a form that then be displayed on the television screen or other display device.
Shandong (formerly romanized as Shantung) is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.
The Shandong Problem refers to the dispute over Article 156 of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, which dealt with the concession of the Shandong Peninsula.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
The Shanghai Municipal Police (SMP; Chinese: 上海公共租界工部局警務處) was the police force of the Shanghai Municipal Council which governed the Shanghai International Settlement between 1854 and 1943, when the settlement was retroceded to Chinese control.
Shanghai Pudong International Airport is one of two international airports of Shanghai and a major aviation hub of China.
Sherlock is a crime drama television series based on Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes detective stories.
Shortwave radio is radio transmission using shortwave radio frequencies.
Sikkim is a state in Northeast India.
The Sikkim expedition was an 1888 British military expedition to expel Tibetan forces from Sikkim in present-day north east India.
Simon Winchester, (born 28 September 1944) is a British-American author and journalist.
The Sino–British Joint Declaration, formally known as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong, was signed by Premier Zhao Ziyang of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher of the United Kingdom (UK) on behalf of their respective governments on 19 December 1984 in Beijing.
Sir Robert Hart, 1st Baronet GCMG (20 February 1835 – 20 September 1911) was a British diplomat and official in the Qing Chinese government, who served as the second Inspector-General of China's Imperial Maritime Custom Service (IMCS) from 1863 to 1911.
Sky UK (formerly British Sky Broadcasting Limited, BSkyB and Sky) is a telecommunications company which serves the United Kingdom.
South Western Railway (SWR) is an English train operating company owned by FirstGroup (70%) and MTR Corporation (30%) that operates the South Western franchise.
Special administrative region is a designation for types of administrative territorial entities in China, North Korea and Indonesia.
A state visit is a formal visit by a head of state to a foreign country, at the invitation of that country's head of state, with the latter also acting as the official host for the duration of the state visit.
Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925)Singtao daily.
Super Girl or Super Voice Girls (literally "Super Female Voice", as it is homonym with "Super girl") was a Chinese singing contest for female contestants, organized by Hunan Satellite Television between 2004 and 2006.
The China-UK Sustainable Agriculture Innovation Network (SAIN) is a Sustainable agriculture Network launched in 2008 to provide a framework for collaboration on agriculture and climate change between the UK and China.
Suzerainty (and) is a back-formation from the late 18th-century word suzerain, meaning upper-sovereign, derived from the French sus (meaning above) + -erain (from souverain, meaning sovereign).
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
The Taiwan Provincial Government (TPG) is the provincial government that governs Taiwan Province of the Republic of China (ROC) which is one of the two provinces it controls, the other being the Fujian Province.
TfL Rail is the temporary franchise of two separate railway lines in London and its environs that will combine to form part of the Crossrail service when it opens in stages from December 2018 to December 2019.
The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Theresa Mary May (Brasier; born 1 October 1956) is a British politician serving as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party since 2016.
Sir Thomas Francis Wade (25August 181831July 1895), was a British diplomat and sinologist who produced an early Chinese textbook in English, in 1867, that was later amended, extended and converted into the Wade-Giles romanization system for Mandarin Chinese by Herbert Giles in 1892.
Tianjin Airlines (—formerly Grand China Express Air) is an airline headquartered in Tianjin Binhai International Airport passenger terminal building, Dongli District, Tianjin, China, operating domestic scheduled passenger and cargo flights out of Tianjin Binhai International Airport.
Tianjin Binhai International Airport is an airport located in Dongli District, Tianjin.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1997 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007.
The transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China, referred to as "the Handover" internationally or "the Return" in Mainland China, took place on 1 July 1997.
The Treaty of Nanking or Nanjing was a peace treaty which ended the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom and the Qing dynasty of China on 29 August 1842.
The Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881), also known as Treaty of Ili, was the treaty between the Russian Empire and the Qing dynasty, signed in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on.
The Treaty of the Bogue was a treaty between China and the United Kingdom, concluded in October 1843 to supplement the previous Treaty of Nanking.
The Treaty of Tientsin, now also known as the Treaty of Tianjin, is a collective name for several documents signed at Tianjin (then romanized as Tientsin) in June 1858.
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT, is an international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
The treaty ports was the name given to the port cities in China and Japan that were opened to foreign trade by the unequal treaties with the Western powers.
TVB-Europe is an online television service that streams content from Hong Kong's Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB) to subscribers in Europe.
Unequal treaty is the name given by the Chinese to a series of treaties signed with Western powers during the 19th and early 20th centuries by Qing dynasty China after suffering military defeat by the West or when there was a threat of military action by those powers.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Nottingham Ningbo China (UNNC) is an overseas campus of the University of Nottingham, situated in the city of Ningbo in the coastal province of Zhejiang, near Shanghai, China.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
Virgin Atlantic, a trading name of Virgin Atlantic Airways Limited and Virgin Atlantic International Limited, is a British airline with its head office in Crawley, United Kingdom.
Weihai, formerly called Weihaiwei (Weihai Guard), is a city in eastern Shandong province, China.
Wen Jiabao (born 15 September 1942) was the sixth Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, serving as China's head of government for a decade between 2003 and 2013.
WhatDoTheyKnow is a site by mySociety designed to help people in the United Kingdom make Freedom of Information requests.
WHSmith PLC (also known as WHS or colloquially as Smith's, and formerly W. H. Smith & Son) is a British retailer, headquartered in Swindon, Wiltshire, which operates a chain of high street, railway station, airport, port, hospital and motorway service station shops selling books, stationery, magazines, newspapers, entertainment products and confectionary.
William Pitt Amherst, 1st Earl Amherst, GCH, PC (14 January 1773 – 13 March 1857) was a British diplomat and colonial administrator.
Sir William Courten or Curteen (1572–1636) was a wealthy 17th century merchant, operating from London.
William Jardine (24 February 1784 – 27 February 1843) was a Scottish physician and opium trader who co-founded the Hong Kong based conglomerate Jardine, Matheson & Co.
William of Rubruck (c. 1220 – c. 1293) was a Flemish Franciscan missionary and explorer.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
The World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories.
The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
Wuhan Tianhe International Airport serves Wuhan, the capital of the Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
Xi Jinping (born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician currently serving as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), President of the People's Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
Xi'an Xianyang International Airport is the main airport serving Xi'an, the capital of China's Shaanxi Province, as well as the whole Guanzhong area.
Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
The Yangzhou riot of August 22–23, 1868 was a brief crisis in Anglo-Chinese relations during the late Qing dynasty.
Yiwu is a city of about 1.2 million people in central Zhejiang province, China.
The Yiwu – London Railway Line is a freight railway route from Yiwu, China, to London, United Kingdom, covering a distance of roughly 12,000 km (7,500 miles)"Why China launched a freight train to London via Kazakhstan and Russia", Russia Beyond the Headlines, 13th January 2017.
Zhang Zhidong (4 September 18375 October 1909) was a Chinese official who lived the late Qing dynasty.
Zhou Enlai (5 March 1898 – 8 January 1976) was the first Premier of the People's Republic of China, serving from October 1949 until his death in January 1976.
The Geneva Conference was a conference among several nations that took place in Geneva, Switzerland from April 26 – July 20, 1954.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
Angl-Chinese relations, Anglo-Chinese relations, British investment in China, British-Chinese relations, China - U. K. relations, China - U.K. relations, China - UK relations, China - United Kingdom relations, China U. K. relations, China U.K. relations, China UK relations, China United Kingdom relations, China – U. K. relations, China – U.K. relations, China – UK relations, China – United Kingdom relations, China-U. K. relations, China-U.K. relations, China-UK Economic and Financial Dialogue, China-UK relations, China-United Kingdom relations, China–U. K. relations, China–U.K. relations, China–UK relations, Chinese-British relations, People's Republic of China-United Kingdom relations, People's Republic of China–United Kingdom relations, Sino-British relations, U. K. - China relations, U. K. China relations, U. K.-China relations, U. K.–China relations, U.K. - China relations, U.K. China relations, U.K.-China relations, U.K.–China relations, UK - China relations, UK China relations, UK-China relations, UK–China relations, Uk-china relations, Uk-prc relations, United Kingdom - China relations, United Kingdom China relations, United Kingdom-China relations, United Kingdom–China relations.