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Chinese calendar

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The traditional Chinese calendar (official Chinese name: Rural Calendar, alternately Former Calendar, Traditional Calendar, or Lunar Calendar) is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena. [1]

174 relations: Amoghavajra, Antares, Asterism (astronomy), Auspicious wedding dates, Bailu, Beijing, Big Dipper, Boxer Rebellion, Buddha's Birthday, Business, Celestial stem, Chinatown, San Francisco, Chinese calendar correspondence table, Chinese characters, Chinese culture, Chinese New Year, Chinese numerals, Chinese zodiac, Chongzhen calendar, Chunfen, Chushu, Cihai, Cold Food Festival, Confucius, Coordinated Universal Time, Dahan (solar term), Dashu, Daxue (solar term), Decimal, Dog (zodiac), Dog days, Dongzhi (solar term), Double Ninth Festival, Double Third Festival, Dragon (zodiac), Dragon Boat Festival, Duodecimal, Earthly Branches, East Asian age reckoning, East Asian cultural sphere, Ecliptic, Eight-Nation Alliance, Emperor Ping of Han, Emperor Renzong of Song, Emperor Wu of Han, Emperor Yao, Four Olds, Four Pillars of Destiny, Fuxi, Ghost Festival, ..., Goat (zodiac), Gonghe Regency, Gregorian calendar, Guo Shoujing, Guobiao standards, Guyu, Han dynasty, Hanlu, Heavenly Market enclosure, Hebrew calendar, Hindu calendar, Horse (zodiac), Intercalation (timekeeping), Jesuit China missions, Jiangsu, Jin (Chinese state), Jin dynasty (265–420), Jingzhe, Johann Adam Schall von Bell, Jupiter, Kangju, Korean calendar, Laba Festival, Lantern Festival, Liang dynasty, Lichun, Lidong, Liqiu, List of festivals in Asia, List of Korean traditional festivals, Liu Shipei, Lixia, Lu (state), Lunar mansion, Lunisolar calendar, Mangzhong, Mars, Martino Martini, Meiji Restoration, Mercury (planet), Meridian (geography), Metonic cycle, Mid-Autumn Festival, Ming dynasty, Ming Pao, Minguo calendar, Modulo operation, Mongolian calendar, Monkey (zodiac), Month, Munich, Neo-Confucianism, New moon, North Vietnam, Overseas Chinese, Philippe Couplet, Pig (zodiac), Public holidays in China, Purple Forbidden enclosure, Purple Mountain Observatory, Qianlong Emperor, Qin (state), Qin dynasty, Qin Shi Huang, Qing dynasty, Qingming, Qingming Festival, Qiufen, Qixi Festival, Rabbit (zodiac), Republic of China (1912–1949), Rooster (zodiac), Samarkand, Saturn, Sexagenary cycle, Sexagesimal, Shang dynasty, Shao Yong, Shennong, Shuangjiang (solar term), Shunzhi Emperor, Snake (zodiac), Socialist Education Movement, Solar calendar, Solar term, Song (state), South Vietnam, Southeast Asia, Spherical trigonometry, Spring and Autumn period, Sun Yat-sen, Supreme Palace enclosure, Tang dynasty, Tết, Tet Offensive, Tibetan calendar, Tiger (zodiac), Traditional Chinese timekeeping, Tropical year, Twenty-Eight Mansions, Ursa Minor, UTC+08:00, Venus, Vietnamese calendar, Warring States period, Winter solstice, Wu Xing, Xia dynasty, Xiaohan, Xiaoman, Xiaoshu, Xiaoxue, Xiazhi, Xu Guangqi, Yellow Emperor, Yijing (monk), Yin and yang, Yuan dynasty, Yushui (solar term), Zhou dynasty, Zhuanxu, Zodiac, Zu Chongzhi, 1st century BC. Expand index (124 more) »

Amoghavajra

Amoghavajra (अमोघवज्र;, 705–774) was a prolific translator who became one of the most politically powerful Buddhist monks in Chinese history and is acknowledged as one of the Eight Patriarchs of the Doctrine in Shingon Buddhism.

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Antares

Antares, also designated Alpha Scorpii (α Scorpii, abbreviated Alpha Sco, α Sco), is on average the fifteenth-brightest star in the night sky, and the brightest star in the constellation of Scorpius.

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Asterism (astronomy)

In observational astronomy, an asterism is a popular known pattern or group of stars that are recognised in the night sky.

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Auspicious wedding dates

Auspicious wedding dates refer to auspicious, or lucky, times to get married, and is a common superstition among many cultures.

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Bailu

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Beijing

Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Big Dipper

The Big Dipper (US) or the Plough (UK) is an asterism consisting of seven bright stars of the constellation Ursa Major; six of them are of second magnitude and one, Megrez (δ), of third magnitude.

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Boxer Rebellion

The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.

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Buddha's Birthday

Buddha's Birthday is a holiday traditionally celebrated in most of East Asia to commemorate the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha and founder of Buddhism.

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Business

Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).

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Celestial stem

The ten Celestial or Heavenly Stems are a Chinese system of ordinals that first appear during the Shang dynasty, ca.

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Chinatown, San Francisco

The Chinatown centered on Grant Avenue and Stockton Street in San Francisco, California, is the oldest Chinatown in North America and the largest Chinese enclave outside Asia.

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Chinese calendar correspondence table

The Chinese calendar correspondence table shows the stem/branch year names, correspondences to the Western (Gregorian) calendar, and other related information for the current, 79th Sexagenary cycle of the Chinese calendar (or the 78th cycle if an epoch of 2637 BC is accepted).

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Chinese characters

Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.

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Chinese culture

Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago.

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Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year, usually known as the Spring Festival in modern China, is an important Chinese festival celebrated at the turn of the traditional lunisolar Chinese calendar.

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Chinese numerals

Chinese numerals are words and characters used to denote numbers in Chinese.

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Chinese zodiac

The Chinese zodiac is a classification scheme that assigns an animal and its reputed attributes to each year in a repeating 12-year cycle.

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Chongzhen calendar

The Chongzhen calendar or Shixian calendar was the final lunisolar Chinese calendar.

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Chunfen

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Chushu

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Cihai

The Cihai is a large-scale dictionary and encyclopedia of Standard Mandarin Chinese.

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Cold Food Festival

The Cold Food or Hanshi Festival is a traditional Chinese holiday which developed from the local commemoration of the death of the Jin nobleman Jie Zhitui in the 7thcentury under the Zhou into an East Asian occasion for the commemoration and veneration of ancestors by the 7th-century Tang.

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Confucius

Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.

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Coordinated Universal Time

No description.

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Dahan (solar term)

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Dashu

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Daxue (solar term)

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Decimal

The decimal numeral system (also called base-ten positional numeral system, and occasionally called denary) is the standard system for denoting integer and non-integer numbers.

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Dog (zodiac)

The Dog (狗) is eleventh of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Dog days

The dog days or are the hot, sultry days of summer.

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Dongzhi (solar term)

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Double Ninth Festival

The Double Ninth Festival (Chung Yeung Festival in Hong Kong,, Tết Trùng Cửu), observed on the ninth day of the ninth month in the Chinese calendar, is a traditional Chinese holiday, mentioned in writing since before the East Han period (before AD 25).

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Double Third Festival

The Double Third Festival or Shangsi Festival is an East Asian festival.

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Dragon (zodiac)

The Dragon is the fifth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Dragon Boat Festival

The Duanwu Festival, also often known as the Dragon Boat Festival, is a traditional holiday originating in China, occurring near the summer solstice.

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Duodecimal

The duodecimal system (also known as base 12 or dozenal) is a positional notation numeral system using twelve as its base.

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Earthly Branches

The Earthly Branches or Twelve Branches are an ordering system used throughout East Asia in various contexts, including its ancient dating system, astrological traditions, and zodiac.

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East Asian age reckoning

East Asian age reckoning is a concept and practice that originated in China and is widely used by other cultures in East Asia.

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East Asian cultural sphere

The "Sinosphere", or "East Asian cultural sphere", refers to a grouping of countries and regions in East Asia that were historically influenced by the Chinese culture.

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Ecliptic

The ecliptic is the circular path on the celestial sphere that the Sun follows over the course of a year; it is the basis of the ecliptic coordinate system.

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Eight-Nation Alliance

The Eight-Nation Alliance was an international military coalition set up in response to the Boxer Rebellion in China.

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Emperor Ping of Han

Emperor Ping (9 BC – 3 February 6) was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty from 1 BC to AD 5.

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Emperor Renzong of Song

Emperor Renzong of Song (30 May 1010 – 30 April 1063, Chinese calendar: 14 April 1010(the 3rd year of Dazhongxiangfu, 大中祥符三年) - 29 March 1063 (the 8th year of Jiayou, 嘉祐八年)), personal name Zhao Zhen, was the fourth emperor of the Song dynasty in China.

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Emperor Wu of Han

Emperor Wu of Han (30 July 157BC29 March 87BC), born Liu Che, courtesy name Tong, was the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141–87 BC.

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Emperor Yao

Emperor Yao (traditionally c. 2356 – 2255 BC) was a legendary Chinese ruler, according to various sources, one of the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors.

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Four Olds

The Four Olds or the Four Old Things was a term used during the Cultural Revolution of 1966–76 in the People's Republic of China to refer to elements of Chinese culture and thinking that proponents of the Cultural Revolution felt needed to be eradicated in order for China to progress.

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Four Pillars of Destiny

The Four Pillars of Destiny is a Chinese astrological concept that a person's destiny or fate can be divined by the two sexagenary cycle characters assigned to their birth year, month, day, and hour.

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Fuxi

Fuxi (Chinese: 伏羲), also romanized as Fu-hsi, is a culture hero in Chinese legend and mythology, credited (along with his sister Nüwa 女娲) with creating humanity and the invention of hunting, fishing and cooking as well as the Cangjie system of writing Chinese characters c. 2,000 BCE.

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Ghost Festival

The Ghost Festival, also known as the Hungry Ghost Festival, Zhongyuan Jie (中元节), Gui Jie (鬼节) or Yulan Festival is a traditional Buddhist and Taoist festival held in certain Asian countries.

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Goat (zodiac)

The Goat is the eighth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Gonghe Regency

The Gonghe Regency was an interregnum period in Chinese history from 841 to 828 BC, after King Li of Zhou was exiled by his nobles until the ascension of his son, King Xuan of Zhou.

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Gregorian calendar

The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.

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Guo Shoujing

Guo Shoujing (1231–1316), courtesy name Ruosi (若思), was a Chinese astronomer, engineer, and mathematician born in Xingtai, Hebei who lived during the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).

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Guobiao standards

GB standards are the Chinese national standards issued by the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), the Chinese National Committee of the ISO and IEC.

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Guyu

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.

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Hanlu

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms (節氣).

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Heavenly Market enclosure

The Heavenly Market Enclosure (天市垣, Tian Shi Yuan), is one of the San Yuan or Three enclosures.

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Hebrew calendar

The Hebrew or Jewish calendar (Ha-Luah ha-Ivri) is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances.

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Hindu calendar

Hindu calendar is a collective term for the various lunisolar calendars traditionally used in India.

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Horse (zodiac)

The Horse (⾺) is the seventh of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Intercalation (timekeeping)

Intercalation or embolism in timekeeping is the insertion of a leap day, week, or month into some calendar years to make the calendar follow the seasons or moon phases.

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Jesuit China missions

The history of the missions of the Jesuits in China is part of the history of relations between China and the Western world.

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Jiangsu

Jiangsu, formerly romanized as Kiangsu, is an eastern-central coastal province of the People's Republic of China.

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Jin (Chinese state)

Jin (Old Chinese: &#42), originally known as Tang (唐), was a major state during the middle part of the Zhou dynasty, based near the centre of what was then China, on the lands attributed to the legendary Xia dynasty: the southern part of modern Shanxi.

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Jin dynasty (265–420)

The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.

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Jingzhe

Jīngzhé, Keichitsu, Gyeongchip, or Kinh trập is the 3rd of the 24 solar terms (節氣) in the traditional East Asian calendars.

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Johann Adam Schall von Bell

Johann Adam Schall von Bell (1 May 1591 – 15 August 1666) was a German Jesuit and astronomer.

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Jupiter

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.

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Kangju

Kangju was the Chinese name of an ancient kingdom in Central Asia which became for a couple of centuries the second greatest power in Transoxiana after the Yuezhi.

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Korean calendar

The traditional Korean calendar is a lunisolar calendar, like the traditional calendars of other East Asian countries.

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Laba Festival

The Laba is a traditional Chinese holiday celebrated on the eighth day of the La Month (or Layue 臘月), the twelfth month of the Chinese calendar.

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Lantern Festival

The Lantern Festival or the Spring Lantern Festival is a Chinese festival celebrated on the fifteenth day of the first month in the lunisolar Chinese calendar.

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Liang dynasty

The Liang dynasty (502–557), also known as the Southern Liang dynasty (南梁), was the third of the Southern Dynasties during China's Southern and Northern Dynasties period.

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Lichun

Traditional East Asian lunisolar calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Lidong

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Liqiu

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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List of festivals in Asia

The following is an incomplete list of festivals in Asia, with links to separate lists by country and region where applicable.

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List of Korean traditional festivals

Korean Traditional Festivals (Hangul: 한국전통축제) are the Korean national and local festivals that have been continued among Korean people throughout its long history.

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Liu Shipei

Liu Shipei (1884–1919) was a philologist, Chinese anarchist, and revolutionary activist.

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Lixia

Lìxià, Rikka, Ipha, or Lập hạ is the 7th solar term according to the traditional East Asian calendars, which divide a year into 24 solar terms (節氣).

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Lu (state)

Lu (c. 1042–249 BC) was a vassal state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China.

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Lunar mansion

A lunar mansion is a segment of the ecliptic (often called a station or house) through which the Moon passes in its orbit around Earth, often used by ancient cultures as part of their calendar system. In general, though not always, the zodiac is divided into 27 or 28 segments relative to the fixed stars – one for each day of the lunar month.

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Lunisolar calendar

A lunisolar calendar is a calendar in many cultures whose date indicates both the moon phase and the time of the solar year.

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Mangzhong

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Mars

Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.

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Martino Martini

Martino Martini (20 September 1614 – 6 June 1661) was an Italian Jesuit missionary, cartographer and historian, mainly working on ancient Imperial China.

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Meiji Restoration

The, also known as the Meiji Ishin, Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, was an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji.

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Mercury (planet)

Mercury is the smallest and innermost planet in the Solar System.

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Meridian (geography)

A (geographical) meridian (or line of longitude) is the half of an imaginary great circle on the Earth's surface, terminated by the North Pole and the South Pole, connecting points of equal longitude.

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Metonic cycle

For astronomy and calendar studies, the Metonic cycle or Enneadecaeteris (from ἐννεακαιδεκαετηρίς, "nineteen years") is a period of very close to 19 years that is nearly a common multiple of the solar year and the synodic (lunar) month.

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Mid-Autumn Festival

The Mid-Autumn Festival is a harvest festival celebrated notably by ethnic Chinese and Vietnamese peoples.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Ming Pao

Ming Pao is a Chinese-language newspaper published by Ming Pao Group in Hong Kong.

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Minguo calendar

The Republic of China calendar is the method of numbering years currently used in Taiwan by officials and other territories under the control of the Republic of China.

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Modulo operation

In computing, the modulo operation finds the remainder after division of one number by another (sometimes called modulus).

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Mongolian calendar

The traditional Mongol calendar (Tsaglabar or, Tsag toony bichig) is a lunisolar calendar based on system developed in 1747 by monk Ishbaljir (Sümbe khambo Ishbaljir; 1704–1788).

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Monkey (zodiac)

The Monkey (猴) is the ninth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Month

A month is a unit of time, used with calendars, which is approximately as long as a natural period related to the motion of the Moon; month and Moon are cognates.

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Munich

Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.

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Neo-Confucianism

Neo-Confucianism (often shortened to lixue 理學) is a moral, ethical, and metaphysical Chinese philosophy influenced by Confucianism, and originated with Han Yu and Li Ao (772–841) in the Tang Dynasty, and became prominent during the Song and Ming dynasties.

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New moon

In astronomy, the new moon is the first lunar phase, when the Moon and Sun have the same ecliptic longitude.

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North Vietnam

North Vietnam, officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) (Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), was a country in Southeast Asia from 1945 to 1976, although it did not achieve widespread recognition until 1954.

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Overseas Chinese

No description.

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Philippe Couplet

Philippe or Philip Couplet (1623–1693), known in China as Bai Yingli, was a Flemish Jesuit missionary to the Qing Empire.

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Pig (zodiac)

The Pig (豬) is the twelfth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Public holidays in China

There are currently seven official public holidays in mainland China.

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Purple Forbidden enclosure

The Purple Forbidden enclosure (紫微垣 Zǐ wēi yuán) is one of the San Yuan (三垣 Sān yuán) or Three Enclosures.

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Purple Mountain Observatory

The Purple Mountain Observatory, also known as Zijinshan Astronomical Observatory is an astronomical observatory located on the Purple Mountain in the west of Nanjing, China.

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Qianlong Emperor

The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the sixth emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper.

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Qin (state)

Qin (Old Chinese: *) was an ancient Chinese state during the Zhou dynasty.

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Qin dynasty

The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.

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Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang (18 February 25910 September 210) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Qingming

Qīngmíng, Seimei, Cheongmyeong, or Thanh minh is the name of the 5th solar term of the traditional East Asian lunisolar calendar, which divides a year into 24 solar terms (節氣/ 节气).

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Qingming Festival

The Qingming or Ching Ming festival, also known as Tomb-Sweeping Day in English (sometimes also called Chinese Memorial Day or Ancestors' Day), is a traditional Chinese festival.

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Qiufen

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Qixi Festival

The Qixi Festival, also known as the Qiqiao Festival, is a Chinese festival that celebrates the annual meeting of the cowherd and weaver girl in Chinese mythology.. It falls on the 7th day of the 7th month on the Chinese calendar... It is sometimes called the Double Seventh Festival, the Chinese Valentine's Day, the Night of Sevens, or the Magpie Festival. The festival originated from the romantic legend of two lovers, Jen and Rea, who were the weaver maid and the cowherd, respectively. The tale of the Cowherd and the Weaver Girl has been celebrated in the Qixi Festival since the Han Dynasty.. The earliest-known reference to this famous myth dates back to over 2600 years ago, which was told in a poem from the Classic of Poetry.. The Qixi festival inspired the Tanabata festival in Japan and Chilseok festival in Korea.

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Rabbit (zodiac)

The Rabbit (卯) is the fourth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Republic of China (1912–1949)

The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.

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Rooster (zodiac)

The Rooster is the tenth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Samarkand

Samarkand (Uzbek language Uzbek alphabet: Samarqand; سمرقند; Самарканд; Σαμαρκάνδη), alternatively Samarqand, is a city in modern-day Uzbekistan and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Central Asia.

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Saturn

Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.

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Sexagenary cycle

The sexagenary cycle, also known as the Stems-and-Branches or ganzhi, is a cycle of sixty terms used for reckoning time in China and the East Asian cultural sphere.

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Sexagesimal

Sexagesimal (base 60) is a numeral system with sixty as its base.

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Shang dynasty

The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.

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Shao Yong

Shao Yong (1011–1077), courtesy name Yaofu (堯夫), named Shào Kāngjié (邵康節) after death, was a Song dynasty Chinese philosopher, cosmologist, poet and historian who greatly influenced the development of Neo-Confucianism in China.

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Shennong

Shennong (which can be variously translated as "God Farmer" or "God Peasant", "Agriculture God"), also known as the Wugushen (五穀神 "Five Grains' or Five Cereals' God") or also Wuguxiandi (五穀先帝 "First Deity of the Five Grains"), is a deity in Chinese religion, a mythical sage ruler of prehistoric China.

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Shuangjiang (solar term)

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Shunzhi Emperor

The Shunzhi Emperor; Manchu: ijishūn dasan hūwangdi; ᠡᠶ ᠡ ᠪᠡᠷ |translit.

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Snake (zodiac)

The Snake (蛇) is the sixth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac and related to the Chinese calendar.

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Socialist Education Movement

The Socialist Education Movement (abbreviated 社教运动 or 社教運動), also known as the Four Cleanups Movement was a movement launched by Mao Zedong in 1963 in the People's Republic of China.

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Solar calendar

A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the season or almost equivalently the position of the apparent position of the sun in relative to the stars.

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Solar term

A solar term is any of 24 points in traditional East Asian lunisolar calendars that matches a particular astronomical event or signifies some natural phenomenon.

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Song (state)

Sòng (Old Chinese: *) was a state during the Zhou dynasty of ancient China, with its capital at Shangqiu.

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South Vietnam

South Vietnam, officially the Republic of Vietnam (RVN, Việt Nam Cộng Hòa), was a country that existed from 1955 to 1975 and comprised the southern half of what is now the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Spherical trigonometry

Spherical trigonometry is the branch of spherical geometry that deals with the relationships between trigonometric functions of the sides and angles of the spherical polygons (especially spherical triangles) defined by a number of intersecting great circles on the sphere.

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Spring and Autumn period

The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC) which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou Period.

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Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925)Singtao daily.

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Supreme Palace enclosure

Tai Wei Yuan, the Supreme Palace Enclosure (太微垣), is one of the San Yuan or Three enclosures.

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Tết

Tết, or Vietnamese New Year, is the most important celebration in Vietnamese culture.

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Tet Offensive

The Tet Offensive (Sự kiện Tết Mậu Thân 1968), or officially called The General Offensive and Uprising of Tet Mau Than 1968 (Tổng Tiến công và Nổi dậy Tết Mậu Thân 1968) by North Vietnam and the NLF (National Liberation Front), was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam against the forces of the South Vietnamese Army of the Republic of Vietnam, the United States Armed Forces, and their allies.

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Tibetan calendar

The Tibetan calendar is a lunisolar calendar, that is, the Tibetan year is composed of either 12 or 13 lunar months, each beginning and ending with a new moon.

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Tiger (zodiac)

The Tiger (寅) is the third of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar.

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Traditional Chinese timekeeping

The traditional Chinese time systems refers to the time standards for divisions of the day used in China until the introduction of the Shixian calendar at the beginning of the Qing dynasty.

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Tropical year

A tropical year (also known as a solar year) is the time that the Sun takes to return to the same position in the cycle of seasons, as seen from Earth; for example, the time from vernal equinox to vernal equinox, or from summer solstice to summer solstice.

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Twenty-Eight Mansions

The Twenty-Eight Mansions, hsiu, xiu or sieu are part of the Chinese constellations system.

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Ursa Minor

Ursa Minor (Latin: "Lesser Bear", contrasting with Ursa Major), also known as the Little Bear, is a constellation in the Northern Sky.

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UTC+08:00

UTC+08:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +08:00.

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Venus

Venus is the second planet from the Sun, orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days.

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Vietnamese calendar

The Vietnamese calendar is a lunisolar calendar that is mostly based on the Chinese calendar.

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Warring States period

The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.

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Winter solstice

The winter solstice (or hibernal solstice), also known as midwinter, is an astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year.

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Wu Xing

The Wu Xing, also known as the Five Elements, Five Phases, the Five Agents, the Five Movements, Five Processes, the Five Steps/Stages and the Five Planets of significant gravity: Jupiter-木, Saturn-土, Mercury-水, Venus-金, Mars-火Dr Zai, J..

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Xia dynasty

The Xia dynasty is the legendary, possibly apocryphal first dynasty in traditional Chinese history.

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Xiaohan

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Xiaoman

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Xiaoshu

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Xiaoxue

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms (節氣).

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Xiazhi

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Xu Guangqi

Xu Guangqi or Hsü Kuang-ch'i (April 24, 1562– November 8, 1633), also known by his baptismal name Paul, was a Chinese scholar-bureaucrat, Catholic convert, agricultural scientist, astronomer, and mathematician under the Ming dynasty.

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Yellow Emperor

The Yellow Emperor, also known as the Yellow Thearch, the Yellow God or the Yellow Lord, or simply by his Chinese name Huangdi, is a deity in Chinese religion, one of the legendary Chinese sovereigns and culture heroes included among the mytho-historical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors and cosmological Five Forms of the Highest Deity (五方上帝 Wǔfāng Shàngdì).

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Yijing (monk)

Yijing (635–713 CE) was a Tang dynasty Chinese Buddhist monk originally named Zhang Wenming.

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Yin and yang

In Chinese philosophy, yin and yang (and; 陽 yīnyáng, lit. "dark-bright", "negative-positive") describes how seemingly opposite or contrary forces may actually be complementary, interconnected, and interdependent in the natural world, and how they may give rise to each other as they interrelate to one another.

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Yuan dynasty

The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.

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Yushui (solar term)

The traditional East Asian calendars divide a year into 24 solar terms.

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Zhou dynasty

The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.

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Zhuanxu

Zhuanxu (Chinese: trad. 頊, simp. 颛顼, pinyin Zhuānxū), also known as Gao Yang (t 陽, s 高阳, p Gāoyáng), was a mythological emperor of ancient China.

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Zodiac

The zodiac is an area of the sky that extends approximately 8° north or south (as measured in celestial latitude) of the ecliptic, the apparent path of the Sun across the celestial sphere over the course of the year.

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Zu Chongzhi

Zu Chongzhi (429–500 AD), courtesy name Wenyuan, was a Chinese mathematician, astronomer, writer and politician during the Liu Song and Southern Qi dynasties.

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1st century BC

The 1st century BC, also known as the last century BC, started on the first day of 100 BC and ended on the last day of 1 BC.

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Bāyuè, Chinese Calendar, Chinese Lunar Calendar, Chinese Lunar Calender, Chinese birthday, Chinese calender, Chinese lunar calendar, Chinese lunisolar calendar, Chinese ten-day week, Chinese year, Chinese years, Han calendar, Jiǔyuè, Liùyuè, Nongli, Qīyuè, Rùnbāyuè, Rùnjiǔyuè, Rùnliùyuè, Rùnqīyuè, Rùnshíyuè, Rùnsìyuè, Rùnsānyuè, Rùnwǔyuè, Rùnèryuè, Shíyīyuè, Stem Branch Calendar, Sìyuè, Sānyuè, Taichu calendar, Taichuli, Taichuli calendar, Taichuoli, Traditional Chinese calendar, Traditional chinese calendar, Wuyue (month), Wǔrì, Wǔyuè, Xia Dynasty-Chinese calendar, Xia calendar, Èryuè.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_calendar

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