126 relations: Abbeville Publishing Group, Anhui, Bamboo, Cai Xiang, Cai Yong, Calligraphy, Character amnesia, China, Chinese art, Chinese bronze inscriptions, Chinese characters, Chinese martial arts, Chinese opera, Chinese painting, Chinese poetry, Chinese script styles, Chu Suiliang, Cinnabar, Clerical script, Cursive script (East Asia), Deer, Desk pad, Dong Qichang, East Asia, East Asian cultural sphere, East Asian Gothic typeface, Edgeworthia chrysantha, Eight Principles of Yong, Emperor Gaozong of Song, Emperor Huizong of Song, Emperor Saga, Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor Wu of Han, Felt, Four Treasures of the Study, Gampi, Gim Jeong-hui, Go (game), Goat, Gray wolf, Han dynasty, Hangul, Hemp, Hiragana, Historical kana orthography, History of China, Huaisu, Huang Ruheng, Huang Tingjian, Imperial examination, ..., Ink wash painting, Inkstick, Inkstone, Japan, Japanese art, Japanese calligraphy, Japanese painting, Kangxi Dictionary, Katakana, Korea, Korean art, Korean calligraphy, Korean painting, Lantingji Xu, Large seal script, Li Si, Li Siyuan, Liu Gongquan, Mi Fu, Ming (typefaces), Music of China, Ni Zan, Oracle bone script, Ouyang Xun, Ox, Paper mulberry, Paperweight, Pen, Pencil board, Pig, Pinyin, Qin Shi Huang, Qiu Xigui, Rabbit, Regular script, Rice, Scapula, Seal (East Asia), Seiza, Semi-cursive script, Siberian weasel, Simplified Chinese characters, Small seal script, Song dynasty, Stroke order, Su Shi, Tang Yin, Three perfections, Tiger, Tortoise, Traditional Chinese characters, Turtle shell, Variant Chinese character, Vietnam, Vietnamese art, Wang Duo (Ming dynasty), Wang Xianzhi (calligrapher), Wang Xizhi, Wang Xun (calligrapher), Washi, Water-dropper (calligraphy), Wei Shuo, Wen Zhengming, Western calligraphy, Wheat, Wonton font, Xuan paper, Yan Zhenqing, Yang Shoujing, Yu Shinan, Zhang Xu, Zhang Zhi, Zhao Mengfu, Zheng Xie, Zhengzhou Shang City, Zhong Yao. Expand index (76 more) » « Shrink index
Abbeville Publishing Group is an independent book publishing company specializing in fine art and illustrated books.
Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
Cai Xiang (1012–1067) was a Chinese calligrapher, scholar, official, structural engineer, and poet.
Cai Yong (132–192), courtesy name Bojie, was an official and scholar of the Eastern Han dynasty.
Calligraphy (from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing.
Character amnesia is a phenomenon whereby experienced speakers of some East Asian languages forget how to write Chinese characters previously well known to them.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese art is visual art that, whether ancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in China or by Chinese artists.
Chinese bronze inscriptions, also commonly referred to as Bronze script or Bronzeware script, are writing in a variety of Chinese scripts on Chinese ritual bronzes such as zhōng bells and dǐng tripodal cauldrons from the Shang dynasty to the Zhou dynasty and even later.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu and wushu, are the several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China.
Traditional Chinese opera, or Xiqu, is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back to the early periods in China.
Chinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world.
Chinese poetry is poetry written, spoken, or chanted in the Chinese language.
In Chinese calligraphy, Chinese characters can be written according to five major styles.
Chu Suiliang (596–658), courtesy name Dengshan, formally the Duke of Henan, was a Chinese official who served as a chancellor during the reigns of the emperors Taizong and Gaozong in the Tang dynasty.
Cinnabar and cinnabarite, likely deriving from the κιννάβαρι (kinnabari), refer to the common bright scarlet to brick-red form of mercury(II) sulfide (HgS) that is the most common source ore for refining elemental mercury, and is the historic source for the brilliant red or scarlet pigment termed vermilion and associated red mercury pigments.
The clerical script (Japanese: 隷書体, reishotai; Vietnamese: lệ thư), also formerly chancery script, is an archaic style of Chinese calligraphy which evolved from the Warring States period to the Qin dynasty, was dominant in the Han dynasty, and remained in use through the Wei-Jin periods.
Cursive script, often mistranslated as grass script, is a style of Chinese calligraphy.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
A desk pad or blotter is a table protector used when work such as painting or writing would otherwise damage the table or desk.
Dong Qichang (courtesy name Xuanzai (玄宰); 1555–1636), was a Chinese painter, scholar, calligrapher, and art theorist of the later period of the Ming Dynasty.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
The "Sinosphere", or "East Asian cultural sphere", refers to a grouping of countries and regions in East Asia that were historically influenced by the Chinese culture.
Gothic typefaces (Japanese: ゴシック体 goshikku-tai; Korean: 돋움 dotum, 고딕체 godik-che) are a type style characterised by strokes of even thickness and lack of decorations akin to sans serif styles in Western typography.
Edgeworthia chrysantha (common names: Oriental paperbush, mitsumata) is a plant in the family Thymelaeaceae.
The Eight Principles of Yong (永字八法/えいじはっぽう, eiji happō; 영자팔법/永字八法, Yeongjapalbeop; Vietnamese: vĩnh tự bát pháp 永字八法) explain how to write eight common strokes in regular script which are found all in the one character, 永 ("forever", "permanence").
Emperor Gaozong of Song (12 June 1107 – 9 November 1187), personal name Zhao Gou, courtesy name Deji, was the tenth emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the first emperor of the Southern Song dynasty.
Emperor Huizong of Song (7 June 1082 – 4 June 1135), personal name Zhao Ji, was the eighth emperor of the Song dynasty in China.
was the 52nd emperor of Japan,Emperor Saga, Saganoyamanoe Imperial Mausoleum, Imperial Household Agency according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Taizong of Tang (28January 598 10July 649), previously Prince of Qin, personal name Li Shimin, was the second emperor of the Tang dynasty of China, ruling from 626 to 649.
Emperor Wu of Han (30 July 157BC29 March 87BC), born Liu Che, courtesy name Tong, was the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141–87 BC.
Felt is a textile material that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers together.
Four Treasures of the Study, Four Jewels of the Study or Four Friends of the Study is an expression used to denote the brush, ink, paper and ink stone used in Chinese and other East Asian calligraphic traditions.
Gampi or Ganpi are a group of Japanese shrubs, members of the genus Wikstroemia, some of which have been used for making paper since the 8th century.
Gim Jeong-hui (김정희, 金正喜, born on the 3rd day of the 6th lunar month 1786, died on the 10th day of the 10th lunar month 1856), also known as Kim Jeong-hui, was one of the most celebrated practitioners of calligraphy, epigraphists, and scholars of Korea’s later Joseon period.
Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent.
The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.
The gray wolf (Canis lupus), also known as the timber wolf,Paquet, P. & Carbyn, L. W. (2003).
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (from Korean hangeul 한글), has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by Sejong the Great.
Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and in some cases rōmaji (Latin script).
The, or, refers to the in general use until orthographic reforms after World War II; the current orthography was adopted by Cabinet order in 1946.
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.
One of Huai Su's surviving works Huaisu (737–799), courtesy name Zangzhen (藏真), was a Buddhist monk and calligrapher of the Tang Dynasty, famous for his cursive calligraphy.
Huang Ruheng (1558—1626) was a noted Chinese calligrapher of the late Ming Dynasty.
Huang Tingjian (1045–1105) was a Chinese artist, scholar, government official, and poet of the Song dynasty.
The Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy.
Ink wash painting, also known as literati painting, is an East Asian type of brush painting of Chinese origin that uses black ink—the same as used in East Asian calligraphy—in various concentrations.
Inksticks (Chinese: 墨; Japanese: 墨 Sumi; Korean: 먹 Meok) or Ink Cakes are a type of solid ink (India ink) used traditionally in several East Asian cultures for calligraphy and brush painting.
An inkstone is a stone mortar for the grinding and containment of ink.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture, ink painting and calligraphy on silk and paper, ukiyo-e paintings and woodblock prints, ceramics, origami, and more recently manga—modern Japanese cartooning and comics—along with a myriad of other types.
also called is a form of calligraphy, or artistic writing, of the Japanese language.
is one of the oldest and most highly refined of the Japanese visual arts, encompassing a wide variety of genres and styles.
The Kangxi Dictionary was the standard Chinese dictionary during the 18th and 19th centuries.
is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin script (known as rōmaji).
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
Korean arts include traditions in calligraphy, music, painting and pottery, often marked by the use of natural forms, surface decoration and bold colors or sounds.
Korean calligraphy, also known as Seoye (Hangul: 서예), is the Korean tradition of artistic writing.
Korean painting includes paintings made in Korea or by overseas Koreans on all surfaces.
The Lantingji Xu or Lanting Xu, is a piece of Chinese calligraphy work generally considered to be written by the well-known calligrapher Wang Xizhi (303? – 361?) from the East Jin Dynasty (317 – 420).
Large Seal script or Great Seal script is a traditional reference to Chinese writing from before the Qin dynasty, and is now popularly understood to refer narrowly to the writing of the Western and early Eastern Zhou dynasties, and more broadly to also include the oracle bone script.
Li Si (280 BCSeptember or October 208 BC) was a Chinese politician of the Qin dynasty, well known Legalist writer and politician, and notable calligrapher.
Li Siyuan (李嗣源, later changed to Li Dan (李亶) Many Chinese emperors changed their given names to rarely encountered characters to alleviate the burden of the populace who must observe naming taboo.) (10 October 867 – 15 December 933), also known by his temple name Mingzong (明宗), was the second emperor of imperial China's short-lived Later Tang during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, reigning from 926 until his death.
Liu Gongquan (778–865), courtesy name Chengxuan (诚悬), was a Chinese calligrapher who stood with Yan Zhenqing as the two great masters of late Tang calligraphy.
Mi Fu (also given as Mi Fei, 1051–1107)Barnhart: 373.
Ming or Song is a category of typefaces used to display Chinese characters, which are used in the Chinese, Japanese and Korean languages.
Music of China refers to the music of the Chinese people, which may be the music of the Han Chinese as well as other ethnic minorities within mainland China.
Ni Zan (1301–1374) was a Chinese painter during the Yuan and early Ming periods.
Oracle bone script was the form of Chinese characters used on oracle bonesanimal bones or turtle plastrons used in pyromantic divinationin the late 2nd millennium BCE, and is the earliest known form of Chinese writing.
Ouyang Xun (557–641), courtesy name Xinben (信本), was a Confucian scholar and calligrapher of the early Tang Dynasty.
An ox (plural oxen), also known as a bullock in Australia and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal or riding animal.
The paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera, syn. Morus papyrifera L.) is a species of flowering plant in the family Moraceae.
A paperweight is a small solid object which is placed on top of papers to keep them from blowing in the breeze or to keep a sheet from moving when painting with a brush (as with Japanese calligraphy).
A pen is a common writing instrument used to apply ink to a surface, usually paper, for writing or drawing.
Shitajiki (下敷き, lit. "under-sheet") is a Japanese word for various types of materials placed under a sheet of paper for writing, either to prevent marking on the sheets below or to provide a better surface for writing.
A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae.
Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.
Qin Shi Huang (18 February 25910 September 210) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.
Qiu Xigui (born 13July 1935) is a Chinese historian, palaeographer, and professor of Fudan University.
Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha (along with the hare and the pika).
Regular script (Hepburn: kaisho), also called 正楷, 真書 (zhēnshū), 楷體 (kǎitǐ) and 正書 (zhèngshū), is the newest of the Chinese script styles (appearing by the Cao Wei dynasty ca. 200 CE and maturing stylistically around the 7th century), hence most common in modern writings and publications (after the Ming and gothic styles, used exclusively in print).
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone).
A seal, in an East and Southeast Asian context is a general name for printing stamps and impressions thereof which are used in lieu of signatures in personal documents, office paperwork, contracts, art, or any item requiring acknowledgement or authorship.
Seiza (正座 or 正坐, literally "proper sitting") is the Japanese term for one of the traditional formal ways of sitting in Japan.
Semi-cursive script is a cursive style of Chinese characters.
The Siberian weasel (Mustela sibirica) is a medium-sized weasel native to Asia, where it is widely distributed and inhabits various forest habitats and open areas.
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.
Small Seal Script (Chinese: 小篆, xiǎozhuàn), formerly romanized as Hsiao-chuan and also known as Seal Script, Lesser Seal Script and Qin Script (秦篆, Qínzhuàn), is an archaic form of Chinese calligraphy.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Stroke order (Yale: bāt seuhn; 筆順 hitsujun or 書き順 kaki-jun; 필순 筆順 pilsun or 획순 劃順 hoeksun; Vietnamese: bút thuận 筆順) refers to the order in which the strokes of a Chinese character (or Chinese derivative character) are written.
Su Shi (8January103724August1101), also known as Su Dongpo, was a Chinese writer, poet, painter, calligrapher, pharmacologist, gastronome, and a statesman of the Song dynasty.
Tang Yin (1470–1524), courtesy name Tang Bohu (唐伯虎), was a Chinese scholar, painter, calligrapher, and poet of the Ming dynasty period whose life story has become a part of popular lore.
Three perfections is the gathering of poets, calligraphers and painters to create an artwork in ancient China.
The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest cat species, most recognizable for its pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside.
Tortoises are a family, Testudinidae. Testudinidae is a Family under the order Testudines and suborder Cryptodira.
Traditional Chinese characters (Pinyin) are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946.
The turtle shell is a highly complicated shield for the ventral and dorsal parts of turtles, tortoises and terrapins (all classified as "turtles" by zoologists), completely enclosing all the vital organs of the turtle and in some cases even the head.
Variant Chinese characters (Kanji: 異体字; Hepburn: itaiji; Hanja: 異體字; Hangul: 이체자; Revised Romanization: icheja) are Chinese characters that are homophones and synonyms.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Vietnamese art is visual art that, whether ancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in Vietnam or by Vietnamese artists.
Wang Duo (Chinese: 王铎; Pinyin: Wáng Duó; 1592–1652), is a Chinese calligrapher, painter, and poet in Ming dynasty.
Wang Xianzhi (344–386), courtesy name Zijing (子敬), was a famous Chinese calligrapher of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
Wang Xizhi (303361) was a Chinese writer and official who lived during the Jin Dynasty (265–420), best known for his mastery of Chinese calligraphy.
Wang Xun (Chinese name: 王珣; 349–400) was a Chinese calligrapher, who lived during the Jin Dynasty (265–420).
is traditional Japanese paper.
A is a small device used in East Asian calligraphy as a container designed to hold a small amount of water.
Wei Shuo (272–349), courtesy name Mouyi (茂猗), sobriquet He'nan (和南), commonly addressed just as Lady Wei (衛夫人), was a Chinese calligrapher of Eastern Jin, who established consequential rules about the regular script.
Wen Zhengming (November 28, 1470–1559), born Wen Bi, was a leading Ming dynasty painter, calligrapher, poet, and scholar.
Western calligraphy is the art of writing and penmanship as practiced in the Western world, especially using the Latin alphabet (but also including calligraphic use of the Cyrillic and Greek alphabets, as opposed to "Eastern" traditions such as Turko-Perso-Arabic, Chinese or Indian calligraphy).
Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.
A wonton font (also known as Chinese font, chopstick font or chop-suey font, type or lettering) is a font with a visual style expressing "Asianness" or "Chineseness".
Xuan paper (xuanzhi), or Shuen paper or rice paper, is a kind of paper originating in ancient China used for writing and painting.
Yan Zhenqing (709–785) was a leading Chinese calligrapher and a loyal governor of the Tang Dynasty.
Yang Shoujing (1839 – 9 January 1915) was a late-Qing dynasty historical geographer, calligrapher, antiquarian, bibliophile, and diplomat.
Yu Shinan (558–638), courtesy name Boshi, posthumously known as Duke Wenyi of Yongxing, was a Chinese official, litterateur, Confucian scholar and calligrapher who lived in the early Tang dynasty and rose to prominence during the reign of Emperor Taizong.
Zhang Xu (fl. 8th century), courtesy name Bogao (伯高), was a Chinese calligrapher and poet of the Tang Dynasty.
Zhang Zhi (died 192), courtesy name Boying (伯英), was a Chinese calligrapher during the Han Dynasty.
Zhao Mengfu (courtesy name Zi'ang (子昂); pseudonyms Songxue (松雪, "Pine Snow"), Oubo (鸥波, "Gull Waves"), and Shuijing-gong Dao-ren (水精宫道人, "Master of the Crystal Palace"); 1254–1322), was a descendant of the Song Dynasty's imperial family, and a Chinese scholar, painter and calligrapher during the Yuan Dynasty.
Zheng Xie (1693–1765), commonly known as Zheng Banqiao was a Chinese painter from Jiangsu.
The Zhengzhou Shang City (郑州商城遗址, Pinyin: Zhèngzhōu Shāngchéngyízhǐ) is an archaeological site in Zhengzhou, Henan, China.
Zhong Yao (151 – April or May 230), also referred to as Zhong You, courtesy name Yuanchang, was a government official and calligrapher who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty and Three Kingdoms period of China.