210 relations: Acupressure, Aliveness (martial arts), Archery, Art, Asia, Baguazhang, Bak Mei, Ban Gu, Battle of Hulao, Batuo, Beijing, Blockbuster (entertainment), Bodhidharma, Book of Han, Book of Rites, Boxer Rebellion, Branches of Wing Chun, Breakdancing, British Hong Kong, Bruce Lee, Calligraphy, Central Guoshu Institute, Changquan, Chariot, Chin Na, Chin Woo Athletic Association, China, Chinese Americans, Chinese Buddhist canon, Chinese characters, Chinese Civil War, Chinese language, Chinese martial arts, Chinese nationalism, Chinese opera, Chinese philosophy, Chiyou, Choy Li Fut, Cinema of Hong Kong, Combat sport, Confucianism, Courage, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, Cultural Revolution, Discipline, Donnie Yen, Drunken boxing, Eagle Claw, Eight Immortals, Eighteen Arms of Wushu, ..., Empress Dowager Cixi, Endurance, Exercise, Fa jin, Fearless (2006 film), Five Ancestors, Five Animals, Five Elders, Folk wrestling, Fujian White Crane, Gu Ruzhang, Guangdong, Gun (staff), Han dynasty, Hand-to-hand combat, Hard and soft (martial arts), Hero (2002 film), History of the People's Republic of China (1976–89), History of the Republic of China, Hong Kong, Hong Kong action cinema, Horse stance, House of Flying Daggers, Hua Tuo, Humility, Hung Ga, Huo Yuanjia, India, Indiana University, Ip Man, Jackie Chan, Japanese language, Jeet Kune Do, Jet Li, Jixiao Xinshu, Journal of Asian Martial Arts, Jow-Ga Kung Fu, Kenpō, Kickboxing, Kill Bill: Volume 1, Kung fu (disambiguation), Kung fu (term), Kung Fu (TV series), Kung fu film, Kuomintang, Kwoon, Laozi, Lei tai, Li Bai, Liang dynasty, List of Chinese martial arts, List of martial arts weapons, Loanword, Mandarin Chinese, Maoism, Market (economics), Martial arts, Mathematics, Meditation, Military, Ming dynasty, Mixed martial arts, Monkey Kung Fu, Morality, Music, Muyedobotongji, Nanjing decade, Neijia, Ng Mui, Northern Praying Mantis, Northern Shaolin (martial art), Northern Song Dynasty, Overseas Chinese, Patience, Peking opera, Pressure point, Pseudepigrapha, Pushing hands, Qi, Qi Jiguang, Qigong, Qin dynasty, Qing dynasty, Records of the Grand Historian, Reign of Assassins, Republic of China (1912–1949), Respect, Rite, Rites of Zhou, Rock Steady Crew, Sammo Hung, Sanshou, Self-defense, Shaolin Kung Fu, Shaolin Monastery, Shifu, Shuai jiao, Sima Qian, Simon Singh, Skill, Soldier, Song dynasty, Southern Praying Mantis, Sparring, Spring and Autumn Annals, Stance (martial arts), State General Administration of Sports, Strategy, Strike (attack), Styles of Chinese martial arts, Subversion, Sun Tzu, Sun-style t'ai chi ch'uan, Tai chi, Taiwan, Tang dynasty, Tao Te Ching, Tao yin, Taoism, Television show, Ten Tigers of Canton, The Art of War, The Matrix (franchise), The New York Times, The Transporter, Throw (grappling), Touch of Death, Traditional Chinese medicine, Trick or Treatment?, Trust (emotion), Umbrella term, United States, Virtue, W. W. Norton & Company, Wang Shichong, Weapon, Westerns on television, Will (philosophy), Wing Chun, Wong Fei-hung, Wrestling, Wu (Hao)-style t'ai chi ch'uan, Wu Jing (actor), Wu wei, Wu-style t'ai chi ch'uan, Wushu (sport), Wuxia, Xia dynasty, Xing Yi Quan, Yang Luchan, Yang-style t'ai chi ch'uan, Yangtze, Yìhéquán, Yellow Emperor, Yijin Jing, Yuan dynasty, Yue Fei, Zhou dynasty, Zhuangzi (book), 28th century BC. Expand index (160 more) » « Shrink index
Acupressure is an alternative medicine technique similar in principle to acupuncture.
Aliveness, also referred to as alive training describes martial arts training methods that are spontaneous, non-scripted, and dynamic.
Archery is the art, sport, practice or skill of using a bow to shoot arrows.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
Baguazhang is one of the three main Chinese martial arts of the Wudang school, the other two being Taijiquan and Xing Yi Quan.
Bak Mei ("Bak Mei" comes from the Cantonese pronunciation) is said to have been one of the legendary Five Elders — survivors of the destruction of the Shaolin Monastery by the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) — who, according to some accounts, betrayed Shaolin to the imperial government.
Ban Gu 班固 (32–92) was a Chinese historian, politician, and poet best known for his part in compiling the Book of Han, the second of China's 24 dynastic histories.
The Battle of Hulao (虎牢之戰) on 28 May 621 was a decisive victory for the Tang Dynasty prince Li Shimin, through which he was able to subdue two rival warlords, Dou Jiande and Wang Shichong.
The dhyana master Buddhabhadra was the first abbot of Shaolin Monastery.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful.
Bodhidharma was a Buddhist monk who lived during the 5th or 6th century.
The Book of Han or History of the Former Han is a history of China finished in 111, covering the Western, or Former Han dynasty from the first emperor in 206 BCE to the fall of Wang Mang in 23 CE.
The Book of Rites or Liji is a collection of texts describing the social forms, administration, and ceremonial rites of the Zhou dynasty as they were understood in the Warring States and the early Han periods.
The Boxer Rebellion (拳亂), Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement (義和團運動) was a violent anti-foreign, anti-colonial and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China between 1899 and 1901, toward the end of the Qing dynasty.
The different branches of the Chinese martial art of Wing Chun can be thought of as describing both the differing traditions and interpretations of Wing Chun, and the teacher-student relationships which perpetuate them.
Breakdancing, also called breaking or b-boying/b-girling, is an athletic style of street dance.
British Hong Kong was the period during which Hong Kong was under British Crown rule, from 1841 to 1997 (excluding the Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945).
Lee Jun-fan (November 27, 1940 – July 20, 1973), known professionally as Bruce Lee, was a Hong Kong and American actor, film director, martial artist, martial arts instructor, philosopher, and founder of the martial art Jeet Kune Do, one of the wushu or kungfu styles.
Calligraphy (from Greek: καλλιγραφία) is a visual art related to writing.
The Central Guoshu Institute; was established in Nanjing by the Kuomintang government of the Republic of China in 1928 for the propagation of Chinese martial arts, and was an important center of martial arts during the Nanjing decade.
Chángquán refers to a family of external (as opposed to internal) martial arts (kung fu) styles from northern China.
A chariot is a type of carriage driven by a charioteer using primarily horses to provide rapid motive power.
Qinna is the set of joint lock techniques used in the Chinese martial arts to control or lock an opponent's joints or muscles/tendons so he cannot move, thus neutralizing the opponent's fighting ability.
Jing Wu is an international martial arts organisation founded in Shanghai, China, on July 7, 1910, but some sources cite dates in 1909.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese Americans, which includes American-born Chinese, are Americans who have full or partial Chinese ancestry.
The Chinese Buddhist Canon refers to the total body of Buddhist literature deemed canonical in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese Buddhism.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu and wushu, are the several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China.
Chinese nationalism is the form of nationalism in China which asserts that the Chinese people are a nation and promotes the cultural and national unity of the Chinese.
Traditional Chinese opera, or Xiqu, is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back to the early periods in China.
Chinese philosophy originates in the Spring and Autumn period and Warring States period, during a period known as the "Hundred Schools of Thought", which was characterized by significant intellectual and cultural developments.
Chiyou (蚩尤) was a tribal leader of the Nine Li tribe (九黎) in ancient China.
Choy Li Fut (Cantonese), also spelled Choy Lay Fut and Choy Lee Fut or Cai Li Fo (Mandarin) (aka Choy Lee Fut Kung Fu) is a Chinese martial art founded in 1836 by Chan Heung (陳享).
The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan.
A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport that usually involves one-on-one combat.
Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Courage (also called bravery or valour) is the choice and willingness to confront agony, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation.
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is a 2000 wuxia film, conceived and directed by Ang Lee.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
Discipline is action or inaction that is regulated to be in accordance (or to achieve accord) with a system of governance.
Donnie Yen Ji-dan (甄子丹; born 27 July 1963) is a Hong Kong actor, martial artist, film director, producer, action choreographer, and multiple-time world wushu tournament champion.
Drunken boxing is a general name for all styles of Chinese martial arts that imitate the movements of a drunk person.
Eagle Claw (pinyin: yīng zhǎo pài) is a style of Chinese martial arts known for its gripping techniques, system of joint locks, takedowns, and pressure point strikes, which is representative of Chinese grappling known as Chin Na.
The Eight Immortals are a group of legendary xian ("immortals") in Chinese mythology.
The Eighteen Arms is a list of the eighteen main weapons of Chinese martial arts.
Empress Dowager Cixi1 (Manchu: Tsysi taiheo; 29 November 1835 – 15 November 1908), of the Manchu Yehenara clan, was a Chinese empress dowager and regent who effectively controlled the Chinese government in the late Qing dynasty for 47 years from 1861 until her death in 1908.
Endurance (also related to sufferance, resilience, constitution, fortitude, and hardiness) is the ability of an organism to exert itself and remain active for a long period of time, as well as its ability to resist, withstand, recover from, and have immunity to trauma, wounds, or fatigue.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Fa jin, fajin, 'fajing, or fa chin (fā jìn, 發勁) is a term used in some Chinese martial arts, particularly the neijia (internal) martial arts, such as Xingyiquan, T'ai chi ch'uan (Taijiquan), Baguazhang, Bak Mei and Bajiquan.
Fearless, also known as Huo Yuanjia (霍元甲) in Chinese, and as Jet Li's Fearless in the United Kingdom and in the United States, is a 2006 Chinese-Hong Kong martial arts film directed by Ronny Yu and starring Jet Li.
Five Ancestors Fist (Wuzuquan or Ngo-cho Kun) is a Southern Chinese martial art that consists of principles and techniques from five styles.
In the Chinese martial arts, imagery of the Five Animals—Tiger, Crane, Leopard, Snake, and Dragon—appears predominantly in Southern styles, especially those associated with Guangdong and Fujian Provinces.
In Southern Chinese folklore, the Five Elders of Shaolin, also known as the Five Generals are the survivors of one of the destructions of the Shaolin temple by the Qing Dynasty, variously said to have taken place in 1647, in 1674 or in 1732.
A folk wrestling style is any traditional style of wrestling, which may or may not be codified as a modern sport.
White Crane Style (in) is a Southern Chinese martial art that originated in Fujian (福建) province.
Gu Ruzhang or Ku Yu-Cheung (1894–1952) was a Chinese martial artist who disseminated the Bak Siu Lum (Northern Shaolin) martial arts system across southern China in the early 20th century.
Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.
The Chinese word gun (literally, "rod", "stick") refers to a long Chinese staff weapon used in Chinese martial arts.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Hand-to-hand combat (sometimes abbreviated as HTH or H2H) is a lethal or non-lethal physical confrontation between two or more persons at very short range (grappling distance, or within the physical reach of a handheld weapon) that does not involve the use of ranged weapons.
In martial arts, the terms hard and soft technique denote how forcefully a defender martial artist counters the force of an attack in armed and unarmed combat.
Hero is a 2002 Chinese wuxia film directed by Zhang Yimou.
In September 1976, after Mao Zedong's death, the People's Republic of China was left with no central authority figure, either symbolically or administratively.
The History of the Republic of China begins after the Qing dynasty in 1912, when the formation of the Republic of China as a constitutional republic put an end to 4,000 years of Imperial rule.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hong Kong action cinema is the principal source of the Hong Kong film industry's global fame.
The horse stance (sometimes called horse riding stance) is an important posture in Asian martial arts and takes its name from the position assumed when riding a horse.
House of Flying Daggers is a 2004 wuxia romance film directed by Zhang Yimou and starring Andy Lau, Zhang Ziyi and Takeshi Kaneshiro.
Hua Tuo (140–208), courtesy name Yuanhua, was a Chinese physician who lived during the late Eastern Han dynasty.
Humility is the quality of being humble.
Hung Ga (洪家), Hung Kuen (洪拳), or Hung Ga Kuen (洪家拳) is a southern Chinese martial art (Cantonese, to be more specific), which belongs to the southern shaolin styles and associated with the Cantonese folk hero Wong Fei Hung, who was a master of Hung Ga.
Huo Yuanjia (18 January 1868 – 9 August 1910), states that the Chin Woo Athletic Association was founded on 7 July 1910.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.
Ip Man, also known as Yip Man, (1 October 1893 – 2 December 1972), was a Chinese martial artist, and a master teacher of Wing Chun.
Chan Kong-sang, SBS, MBE, PMW (生; born 7 April 1954), known professionally as Jackie Chan, is a Hong Kong martial artist, actor, film director, producer, stuntman, and singer.
is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.
Jeet Kune Do, abbreviated JKD, is a hybrid philosophy of martial arts heavily influenced by the personal philosophy and experiences of martial artist Bruce Lee.
Li Lianjie (born 26 April 1963), better known by his stage name Jet Li, is a Chinese film actor, film producer, martial artist, and retired Wushu champion who was born in Beijing.
The Jixiao Xinshu or New Treatise on Military Efficiency is a military manual written during the 1560s and 1580s by the Ming dynasty general Qi Jiguang.
The Journal of Asian Martial Arts (JAMA) was a quarterly magazine published by Via Media Publishing Company that covered various aspects of martial arts from Asia, but also included material from other parts of the world.
Jow Ga Kung Fu (Chinese: 周家) (or Jow Gar, Zhou Jia, or other forms of romanisation) is a form of Kung Fu.
is the name of several Japanese martial arts.
Kickboxing is a group of stand-up combat sports based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate mixed with boxing.
Kill Bill: Volume 1 is a 2003 American martial arts film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino.
Kung fu or gung fu is a term that can be translated into "achievement through great effort".
In general, kung fu/kungfu or gung fu/gongfu (or;, Pinyin: gōngfu) refers to the Chinese martial arts, also called wushu and quanfa.
Kung Fu is an American action-adventure martial arts western drama television series starring David Carradine.
Kung fu film is a subgenre of martial arts films and Hong Kong action cinema set in the contemporary period and featuring realistic martial arts.
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
A kwoon is a training hall for Chinese martial arts.
Laozi (. Collins English Dictionary.; also Lao-Tzu,. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2016. or Lao-Tze;, literally "Old Master") was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer.
The lei tai is an elevated fighting arena, without railings, where often fatal weapons and bare-knuckle martial arts tournaments were once held.
Li Bai (701–762), also known as Li Bo, Li Po and Li Taibai, was a Chinese poet acclaimed from his own day to the present as a genius and a romantic figure who took traditional poetic forms to new heights.
The Liang dynasty (502–557), also known as the Southern Liang dynasty (南梁), was the third of the Southern Dynasties during China's Southern and Northern Dynasties period.
This page contains a concise listing of individual systems of traditional Chinese martial arts (传统中国武术 chuántǒng Zhōngguó wǔshù).
Weapons used in the world's martial arts can be classified either by type of weapon or by the martial arts school using them.
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
Maoism, known in China as Mao Zedong Thought, is a political theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong, whose followers are known as Maoists.
A market is one of the many varieties of systems, institutions, procedures, social relations and infrastructures whereby parties engage in exchange.
Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a number of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
Meditation can be defined as a practice where an individual uses a technique, such as focusing their mind on a particular object, thought or activity, to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from other combat sports and martial arts.
Monkey Kung Fu, or Monkey Fist (猴拳), is a Chinese martial art which utilizes ape or monkey-like movements as part of its technique.
Morality (from) is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
Commissioned by King Jeongjo (r. 1740–1810) in 1790, the Muyedobotongji (or Muye Tobo Tong Ji, translating to "Comprehensive Illustrated Manual of Martial Arts") expanded on the eighteen weapons systems identified in the Muyeshinbo of 1758.
The Nanjing decade (also Nanking decade, Nánjīng shí nián, or The Golden decade, Huángjīn shí nián) is an informal name for the decade from 1927 (or 1928) to 1937 in the Republic of China.
Neijia is a term in Chinese martial arts, grouping those styles that practice neijing, usually translated as internal martial arts, occupied with spiritual, mental or qi-related aspects, as opposed to an "external" approach focused on physiological aspects.
Ng Mui (Chinese: t 伍枚, p Wú Méi; Cantonese: Ng5 Mui4) is said to have been one of the legendary Five Elders—survivors of the destruction of the Shaolin Temple by the Qing Dynasty.
Northern Praying Mantis is a style of Chinese martial arts, sometimes called Shandong Praying Mantis after its province of origin.
In its broadest sense, Northern Shaolin refers to the external (as opposed to internal) martial arts of Northern China referring to those styles from the Northern Shaolin Monastery in Henan.
The Northern Song Dynasty (2.4.960-3.20.1127) is an era of Song Dynasty.
Patience (or forbearance) is the ability to endure difficult circumstances such as perseverance in the face of delay; tolerating provocation without responding in annoyance/anger; or exhibiting forbearance when under strain, especially when faced with longer-term difficulties.
Peking opera, or Beijing opera, is a form of Chinese opera which combines music, vocal performance, mime, dance and acrobatics.
A pressure point (Chinese: 穴位; Japanese: kyūsho 急所 "vital point, tender spot"; Sinhala: නිල/මර්ම ස්ථාන Nila/Marma Sthana (in Angampora); Telugu: మర్మ స్థానం Marma Sthanam; Malayalam: മര്മ്മം marmam; Tamil: வர்மம் varmam) derives from the meridian points in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Indian Ayurveda and Siddha medicine, and the field of martial arts, and refers to an area on the human body that may produce significant pain or other effects when manipulated in a specific manner.
Pseudepigrapha (also anglicized as "pseudepigraph" or "pseudepigraphs") are falsely-attributed works, texts whose claimed author is not the true author, or a work whose real author attributed it to a figure of the past.
Pushing hands, Push hands or tuishou (alternately spelled tuei shou or tuei sho) is a name for two-person training routines practiced in internal Chinese martial arts such as Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, T'ai chi ch'uan (Taijiquan), Liuhebafa, Ch'uan Fa, Yiquan.
In traditional Chinese culture, qi or ch'i is believed to be a vital force forming part of any living entity.
Qi Jiguang (November 12, 1528 – January 17, 1588), courtesy name Yuanjing, art names Nantang and Mengzhu, posthumous name Wuyi, was a military general of the Ming dynasty.
Qigong, qi gong, chi kung, or chi gung is a holistic system of coordinated body posture and movement, breathing, and meditation used in the belief that it promotes health, spirituality, and martial arts training.
The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.
The Records of the Grand Historian, also known by its Chinese name Shiji, is a monumental history of ancient China and the world finished around 94 BC by the Han dynasty official Sima Qian after having been started by his father, Sima Tan, Grand Astrologer to the imperial court.
Reign of Assassins is a 2010 wuxia film directed by Su Chao-pin and co-directed by John Woo.
The Republic of China was a sovereign state in East Asia, that occupied the territories of modern China, and for part of its history Mongolia and Taiwan.
Respect is a positive feeling or action shown towards someone or something considered important, or held in high esteem or regard; it conveys a sense of admiration for good or valuable qualities; and it is also the process of honoring someone by exhibiting care, concern, or consideration for their needs or feelings.
A rite is an established, ceremonial, usually religious, act.
The Rites of Zhou, originally known as "Officers of Zhou" is actually a work on bureaucracy and organizational theory.
Rock Steady Crew is an American breaking and hip hop group which has become a franchise name for multiple groups in other locations.
Sammo Hung (born 7 January 1952), also known as Hung Kam-bo (洪金寶), is a Hong Kong actor, martial artist, film producer and director, known for his work in many martial arts films and Hong Kong action cinema.
Sanshou (Wushu Sanshou), also known as Sanda (Wushu Sanda), Chinese boxing or Chinese kickboxing, is a Chinese self-defense system and combat sport.
Self-defence (self-defense in some varieties of English) is a countermeasure that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm.
Shaolin Kung Fu, also called Shaolin Wushu or Shaolin quan, is one of the oldest, largest, and most famous styles of wushu or kungfu.
The Shaolin Monastery, also known as the Shaolin Temple, is a Chan ("Zen") Buddhist temple in Dengfeng County, Henan Province, China.
Shifu, or sifu in Cantonese (sư phụ in Vietnamese) is a title for and role of a skillful person or a master.
Shuai jiao is the term pertaining to the ancient jacket wrestling Kung-Fu style of Beijing, Tianjin and Baoding of Hebei Province in the North China Plain which was codified by Shan Pu Ying (善撲营 The Battalion of Excellency in Catching) of the Nei Wu Fu (内務府, Internal Administration Unit of Imperial Household Department).
Sima Qian was a Chinese historian of the early Han dynasty (206AD220).
Simon Lehna Singh, (born 19 September 1964) is a British popular science author, theoretical and particle physicist whose works largely contain a strong mathematical element.
A skill is the ability to carry out a task with determined results often within a given amount of time, energy, or both.
A soldier is one who fights as part of an army.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Southern Praying Mantis is a Chinese martial art originating with the Hakka people.
Sparring is a form of training common to many combat sports.
The Spring and Autumn Annals or Chunqiu is an ancient Chinese chronicle that has been one of the core Chinese classics since ancient times.
In martial arts, stances are the distribution, foot orientation and body positions (particularly the legs and torso) adopted when attacking, defending, advancing or retreating.
The State General Administration of Sports is the government agency responsible for sports in China.
Strategy (from Greek στρατηγία stratēgia, "art of troop leader; office of general, command, generalship") is a high-level plan to achieve one or more goals under conditions of uncertainty.
A strike is a directed physical attack with either a part of the human body or with an inanimate object (such as a weapon) intended to cause blunt trauma or penetrating trauma upon an opponent.
There are hundreds of different styles of Chinese martial arts, each with their own sets of techniques and ideas.
Subversion (Latin subvertere: overthrow) refers to a process by which the values and principles of a system in place are contradicted or reversed, an attempt to transform the established social order and its structures of power, authority, hierarchy, and norm (social).
Sun Tzu (also rendered as Sun Zi; 孫子) was a Chinese general, military strategist, writer, and philosopher who lived in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China.
The Sun style (孙氏) t'ai chi ch'uan is well known for its smooth, flowing movements which omit the more physically vigorous crouching, leaping and fa jin of some other styles.
Tai chi (taiji), short for T'ai chi ch'üan, or Taijiquan (pinyin: tàijíquán; 太极拳), is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
The Tao Te Ching, also known by its pinyin romanization Daodejing or Dao De Jing, is a Chinese classic text traditionally credited to the 6th-century BC sage Laozi.
Tao yin (sometimes referred to as Taoist yoga) is a series of exercises (mainly in lying and sitting positions, but also in standing positions) practiced by Taoists to cultivate ch'i, the internal energy of the body according to Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
A television show (often simply TV show) is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, satellite, cable, or internet and typically viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are typically placed between shows.
The Ten Tigers of Canton or Ten Tigers of GuangdongKim, Sun-Jin.
The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise dating from the Spring and Autumn period.
The Matrix is a science fiction action media franchise created by The Wachowskis, about heroes who fight a desperate war against machine overlords that have enslaved humanity in an extremely sophisticated virtual reality system.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Transporter (French: Le Transporteur) is a 2002 English-language French action film directed by Corey Yuen and Louis Leterrier (who is credited as artistic director on the project), and written by Luc Besson, who was inspired by BMW Films' The Hire series.
A throw, in martial arts, is a grappling technique that involves off-balancing or lifting an opponent, and throwing them to the ground, in Japanese martial arts referred to as nage-waza, 投げ技, "throwing technique".
The touch of death (or Death-point striking) refers to any martial arts technique reputed to kill using seemingly less than lethal force targeted at specific areas of the body.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.
Trick or Treatment? Alternative Medicine on Trial (North American title: Trick or Treatment: The Undeniable Facts about Alternative Medicine) is a 2008 book about alternative medicine by Simon Singh and Edzard Ernst.
In a social context, trust has several connotations.
An umbrella term is a word or phrase that covers a wide range of concepts belonging to a common category.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Virtue (virtus, ἀρετή "arete") is moral excellence.
Wang Shichong (王世充) (died 621), courtesy name Xingman (行滿), was a general of the Chinese Sui Dynasty who deposed Sui's last emperor Yang Tong and briefly ruled as the emperor of a succeeding state of Zheng.
A weapon, arm or armament is any device used with intent to inflict damage or harm.
Television westerns are a subgenre of the Western, a genre of film, fiction, drama, television programming, etc., in which stories are set primarily in the later half of the 19th century in the American Old West, Western Canada and Mexico during the period from about 1860 to the end of the so-called "Indian Wars".
Will, generally, is that faculty of the mind which selects, at the moment of decision, the strongest desire from among the various desires present.
Wing Chun is a traditional Southern Chinese Kung fu (wushu) specializing in close range combat.
Wong Fei-hung (9 July 1847 – 25 March 1924), born Wong Sek-cheung with the courtesy name Tat-wun, was a Cantonese martial artist, physician, and folk hero, who has become the subject of numerous martial arts films and television series.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.
The Wu or Wu (Hao)-style of t'ai chi ch'uan of Wu Yuxiang (1813–1880), is a separate family style from the more popular Wu-style (吳氏) of Wu Chien-ch'üan.
Wu Jing (born 3 April 1974), sometimes credited as Jacky Wu or Jing Wu, is a Chinese martial artist, actor and director.
Wu wei is a concept literally meaning non-action or non-doing.
The Wu family style t'ai chi ch'uan (Taijiquan) of Wu Quanyou and Wu Chien-ch'uan (Wu Jianquan) is the second most popular form of t'ai chi ch'uan in the world today, after the Yang style, and fourth in terms of family seniority.
Wushu is a martial art and a full-contact sport.
Wuxia (武俠, IPA), which literally means "martial heroes", is a genre of Chinese fiction concerning the adventures of martial artists in ancient China.
The Xia dynasty is the legendary, possibly apocryphal first dynasty in traditional Chinese history.
Xing Yi Quan is classified as one of the Wudang styles of Chinese martial arts.
Yang Lu-ch'an or Yang Luchan, also known as Yang Fu-k'ui or Yang Fukui (1799–1872), born in Kuang-p'ing (Guangping), was an influential teacher of the internal style martial art t'ai chi ch'uan (taijiquan) in China during the second half of the 19th century.
Yang family-style T‘ai-Chi Ch‘üan (Taijiquan) in its many variations is the most popular and widely practised style in the world today and the second in terms of seniority among the primary five family styles of T'ai Chi Ch'uan.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
The Yihequan, or Fists of Harmony and Justice (also named Yihetuan, League of Harmony and Justice), was a Chinese secret society known for having triggered the Boxer Rebellion.
The Yellow Emperor, also known as the Yellow Thearch, the Yellow God or the Yellow Lord, or simply by his Chinese name Huangdi, is a deity in Chinese religion, one of the legendary Chinese sovereigns and culture heroes included among the mytho-historical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors and cosmological Five Forms of the Highest Deity (五方上帝 Wǔfāng Shàngdì).
The Yijin Jing is a manual containing a series of exercises, coordinated with breathing, said to enhance physical health dramatically when practiced consistently.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Yue Fei (24 March 1103 – 27 January 1142), courtesy name Pengju, was a Han Chinese military general who lived during the Southern Song dynasty.
The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
The Zhuangzi (Mandarin:; historically romanized Chuang-tzu) is an ancient Chinese text from the late Warring States period (476221) which contains stories and anecdotes that exemplify the carefree nature of the ideal Daoist sage.
The 28th century BC was a century which lasted from the year 2800 BC to 2701 BC.
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