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Chitons are marine molluscs of varying size in the class Polyplacophora, formerly known as Amphineura. [1]

183 relations: Abalone, Acanthochitona, Acanthochitonidae, Acanthochitonina, Acanthopleura, Acutichiton, Adhesion, Aesthete (chiton), Akkadian language, Algae, Allochiton, Anatomical terms of location, Antoine Risso, Anus, Aorta, Aragonite, Arthur Adams (zoologist), Atrium (heart), Bacteria, Barbados, Barnacle, Bivalvia, Brackish water, Bryozoa, Calceochiton, Callistochiton, Callochiton, Carl Linnaeus, Chaetopleura, Chaetopleuridae, Chelodes, Chelodidae, Chitin, Chiton, Chiton (genus), Chitonida, Chitonidae, Chitonina, Cilium, Class (biology), Constantine Samuel Rafinesque, Crab, Craspedochiton, Cryptoconchus, Cryptoplax, Cymatochiton, Diaphoroplax, Diatom, Dinoplax, Echinochiton, ..., Esophagus, Eudoxochiton nobilis, External fertilization, Feces, Fish, Ganglion, Gastrointestinal tract, Gastropoda, Gill, Girdle (chiton), Glaphurochiton, Glyptochiton, Gonad, Gotlandochiton, Gull, Gumboot chiton, Haeggochiton, Hanleya, Helminthochiton, Hemiarthrum, Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, Henry Augustus Pilsbry, Heterochiton, Homing (biology), In situ, Incertae sedis, Intertidal zone, Invertebrate, Ischnochiton, Ischnochitonidae, Ivoechiton, Katharina (chiton), Kimberella, Kindbladochiton, Latin, Lens (anatomy), Lepidochitona, Lepidopleurina, Lepidopleurus, Leptochiton (chiton), Leptochitonidae, Limpet, Lobster, Lorica (genus), Loricella (chiton), Magnetic field, Magnetite, Magnetoreception, Mantle (mollusc), Maorichiton, Matthevia, Mesochiton, Mollusca, Mopalia, Mopaliidae, Mouth, Mucus, Multiplacophora, Neontology, Nephridium, Nerita textilis, Notoplax, Nuttallochiton, Ocean, Olingechiton, Onithochiton, Oochiton, Ordovician, Osphradium, Ovoviviparity, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Ocean, Paleochiton, Paleoloricata, Parachiton, Patellogastropoda, Pedanochiton, Pericardium, Permochiton, Pharynx, Philip Pearsall Carpenter, Philippines, Photic zone, Placiphorella, Plaxiphora, Plaxiphora egregia, Polysaccharide, Predation, Protochiton, Pterochiton, Pterygochiton, Radula, Rhyssoplax, Salivary gland, Scanochiton, Scanochitonidae, Schizochiton, Schizochitonidae, Sea snail, Septemchiton, Shrimp, Simple eye in invertebrates, Snail, South Korea, Species, Sperm, Sphincter, Spongioradsia, Starfish, Statocyst, Stenoplax, Stomach, Subphylum, Subradular organ, Subterenochiton, Sumerian language, Sypharochiton, The Bahamas, Tobago, Tom Iredale, Tonicella, Tonicella lineata, Tonicia, Trachypleura, Trinidad, Trochophore, Tunic, Valve (mollusc), Veliger, Ventricle (heart), William Healey Dall, Wiwaxia, 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Expand index (133 more) »


Abalone (or; via Spanish abulón, from Rumsen aulón) is a common name for any of a group of small to very large sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Haliotidae.

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Acanthochitona is a genus of chitons in the family Acanthochitonidae, of worldwide distribution.

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Acanthochitonidae is a family of chitons.

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Acanthochitonina is a of polyplacophoran mollusc comprising both fossil and extant species.

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Acanthopleura is a genus of chitons in the family Chitonidae.

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Acutichiton is among the most primitive genera of Neoloricate chitons.

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Adhesion is the tendency of dissimilar particles or surfaces to cling to one another (cohesion refers to the tendency of similar or identical particles/surfaces to cling to one another).

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Aesthete (chiton)

Aesthetes are organs in chitons, derived from the mantle of the organism..

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Akkadian language

Akkadian (akkadû, ak-ka-du-u2; logogram: URIKI)John Huehnergard & Christopher Woods, "Akkadian and Eblaite", The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages.

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Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.

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Allochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Anatomical terms of location

Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.

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Antoine Risso

Giuseppe Antonio Risso (8 April 1777 – 25 August 1845), called Antoine Risso, was a Niçard naturalist.

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The anus (from Latin anus meaning "ring", "circle") is an opening at the opposite end of an animal's digestive tract from the mouth.

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The aorta is the main artery in the human body, originating from the left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it splits into two smaller arteries (the common iliac arteries).

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Aragonite is a carbonate mineral, one of the two most common, naturally occurring, crystal forms of calcium carbonate, CaCO3 (the other forms being the minerals calcite and vaterite).

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Arthur Adams (zoologist)

Arthur Adams (1820 in Gosport, Hampshire – 1878) was an English physician and naturalist.

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Atrium (heart)

The atrium is the upper chamber in which blood enters the heart.

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Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

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Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America.

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A barnacle is a type of arthropod constituting the infraclass Cirripedia in the subphylum Crustacea, and is hence related to crabs and lobsters.

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Bivalvia, in previous centuries referred to as the Lamellibranchiata and Pelecypoda, is a class of marine and freshwater molluscs that have laterally compressed bodies enclosed by a shell consisting of two hinged parts.

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Brackish water

Brackish water is water that has more salinity than fresh water, but not as much as seawater.

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Bryozoa (also known as the Polyzoa, Ectoprocta or commonly as moss animals) are a phylum of aquatic invertebrate animals.

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Calceochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Callistochiton is a genus of polyplacophoran molluscs, alive today, of which fossils are known from the Pliocene period onwards.

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Callochiton is a genus of chitons in the family Callochitonidae.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Chaetopleura is a genus of chitons in the family Chaetopleuridae.

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Chaetopleuridae is a family of chitons.

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Chelodes is a genus of Palaeozoic molluscs made up of serially repeated monoplacophoran-like valves.

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Chelodidae is an extinct of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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Chitin (C8H13O5N)n, a long-chain polymer of ''N''-acetylglucosamine, is a derivative of glucose.

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Chitons are marine molluscs of varying size in the class Polyplacophora, formerly known as Amphineura.

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Chiton (genus)

Chiton is a genus of chitons, a polyplacophoran mollusk in the family Chitonidae.

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Chitonida is an order of chitons.

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Chitonidae is a family of chitons or polyplacophorans, marine mollusks whose shell is composed of eight articulating plates or valves.

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Chitonina is a suborder of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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A cilium (the plural is cilia) is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells.

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Class (biology)

In biological classification, class (classis) is a taxonomic rank, as well as a taxonomic unit, a taxon, in that rank.

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Constantine Samuel Rafinesque

Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz, as he is known in Europe (October 22, 1783 – September 18, 1840), was a nineteenth-century polymath born near Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire and self-educated in France.

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Crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting "tail" (abdomen) (translit.

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Craspedochiton is a genus of chitons in the family Acanthochitonidae, endemic to New Zealand, the Philippines and Australia.

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Cryptoconchus is a genus of chitons in the family Acanthochitonidae.

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Cryptoplax is a genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Cymatochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Diaphoroplax is a genus of chitons in the family Mopaliidae.

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Diatoms (diá-tom-os "cut in half", from diá, "through" or "apart"; and the root of tém-n-ō, "I cut".) are a major group of microorganisms found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world.

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Dinoplax is a genus of chitons in the family Chaetopleuridae.

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Echinochiton is an extinct genus of Ordovician chitons with hollow spines on its margins; these spines, which are unique among the chitons, have a strong organic component and show growth lines.

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The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English), commonly known as the food pipe or gullet (gut), is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach.

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Eudoxochiton nobilis

Eudoxochiton nobilis, commonly called the noble chiton, is a large chiton of the family Callochitonidae.

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External fertilization

External fertilization is a male organism’s sperm fertilizing a female organism’s egg outside of the female’s body.

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Feces (or faeces) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested in the small intestine.

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Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.

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A ganglion is a nerve cell cluster or a group of nerve cell bodies located in the autonomic nervous system and sensory system.

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Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

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The gastropods, more commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic class of invertebrates within the phylum Mollusca, called Gastropoda.

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A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.

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Girdle (chiton)

A girdle is part of the anatomy of a chiton, one class of marine mollusks, the class Polyplacophora.

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Glaphurochiton is a genus of fossil chitons known from the Mazon Creek biota.

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Glyptochiton is an extinct of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is a mixed gland that produces the gametes (sex cells) and sex hormones of an organism.

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Gotlandochiton is an extinct of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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Gulls or seagulls are seabirds of the family Laridae in the suborder Lari.

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Gumboot chiton

The gumboot chiton (Cryptochiton stelleri) also known as the giant western fiery chiton, is the largest of the chitons, growing to and over.

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Haeggochiton is an extinct of polyplacophoran mollusc known from a single occurrence in the Cretaceous of Europe.

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Hanleya is a genus of polyplacophoran molluscs known from Oligocene and Miocene fossils; it is represented today by a number of species including H. sinica Xu 1990 (China), H. brachyplax (Brazil) and H. hanleyi Bean in Thorpe, 1844 (Chile), which feeds on sponges.

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Helminthochiton is an extinct of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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Hemiarthrum setulosum is a species of chiton in the family Hanleyidae, the only member of the genus Hemiarthrum.

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Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville

Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville (12 September 1777 – 1 May 1850) was a French zoologist and anatomist.

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Henry Augustus Pilsbry

Henry Augustus Pilsbry (7 December 1862 – 26 October 1957) was an American biologist, malacologist and carcinologist, among other areas of study.

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Heterochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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Homing (biology)

Homing is the inherent ability of an animal to navigate towards an original location through unfamiliar areas.

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In situ

In situ (often not italicized in English) is a Latin phrase that translates literally to "on site" or "in position".

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Incertae sedis

Incertae sedis (Latin for "of uncertain placement") is a term used for a taxonomic group where its broader relationships are unknown or undefined.

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Intertidal zone

The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore and seashore and sometimes referred to as the littoral zone, is the area that is above water at low tide and under water at high tide (in other words, the area between tide marks).

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Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.

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Ischnochiton spp. (unknown species) from South Africa Ischnochiton is a genus of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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Ischnochitonidae is a family of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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Ivoechiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Katharina (chiton)

Katharina is a genus of chitons in the family Mopaliidae.

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Kimberella is a monospecific genus of bilaterian known only from rocks of the Ediacaran period.

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Kindbladochiton is an extinct of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lens (anatomy)

The lens is a transparent, biconvex structure in the eye that, along with the cornea, helps to refract light to be focused on the retina.

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Lepidochitona is a genus of chitons.

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Lepidopleurina is a suborder of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Lepidopleurus is an extant genus of chitons in the family Leptochitonidae.

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Leptochiton (chiton)

Leptochiton is a genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Leptochitonidae is a of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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Limpets are aquatic snails with a shell that is broadly conical in shape and a strong, muscular foot.

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Lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans.

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Lorica (genus)

Lorica is a genus of chitons in the family Schizochitonidae.

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Loricella (chiton)

Loricella is a genus of chitons in the family Schizochitonidae.

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Magnetic field

A magnetic field is a vector field that describes the magnetic influence of electrical currents and magnetized materials.

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Magnetite is a rock mineral and one of the main iron ores, with the chemical formula Fe3O4.

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Magnetoreception (also magnetoception) is a sense which allows an organism to detect a magnetic field to perceive direction, altitude or location.

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Mantle (mollusc)

The mantle (also known by the Latin word pallium meaning mantle, robe or cloak, adjective pallial) is a significant part of the anatomy of molluscs: it is the dorsal body wall which covers the visceral mass and usually protrudes in the form of flaps well beyond the visceral mass itself.

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Maorichiton is a defunct genus of chitons in the family Mopaliidae.

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Matthevia is a genus of Cambrian molluscs, perhaps related to the chitons.

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Mesochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.

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Mopalia is a genus of chitons in the family Mopaliidae.

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Mopaliidae is a family of marine molluscs in the class Polyplacophora.

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In animal anatomy, the mouth, also known as the oral cavity, buccal cavity, or in Latin cavum oris, is the opening through which many animals take in food and issue vocal sounds.

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Mucus is a slippery aqueous secretion produced by, and covering, mucous membranes.

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Multiplacophora is a stem-group of chitons with a number of plates arranged in 7 rows along the body.

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Neontology is a part of biology that, in contrast to paleontology, deals with living (or, more generally, recent) organisms.

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The nephridium (plural nephridia) is an invertebrate organ which occurs in pairs and performs a function similar to the vertebrate kidney.

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Nerita textilis

Nerita textilis, common name the textile nerite, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Neritidae.

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Notoplax is a genus of chitons in the family Acanthochitonidae.

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Nuttallochiton is a genus of chitons; the only one to have paired rather than fused gonads.

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An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.

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Olingechiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Onithochiton is a genus of chitons in the family Chitonidae, which is distributed from Australia and New Zealand to South Africa.

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Oochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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The Ordovician is a geologic period and system, the second of six periods of the Paleozoic Era.

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The osphradium is an olfactory organ in certain molluscs, linked with the respiration organ.

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Ovoviviparity, ovovivipary, or ovivipary, is a mode of reproduction in animals in which embryos that develop inside eggs remain in the mother's body until they are ready to hatch.

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Pacific Northwest

The Pacific Northwest (PNW), sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and (loosely) by the Cascade Mountain Range on the east.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Paleochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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The Paleoloricata are valved polyplacophora without sutural laminae or insertion plates (as found in the neoloricata).

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Parachiton is a genus of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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The Patellogastropoda, common name true limpets and historically called the Docoglossa, are members of a major phylogenetic group of marine gastropods, treated by experts either as a clade or as a taxonomic order.

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Pedanochiton is a Permian Neoloricate chiton.

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The pericardium is a double-walled sac containing the heart and the roots of the great vessels.

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Permochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.

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Philip Pearsall Carpenter

Philip Pearsall Carpenter Rev.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Photic zone

The photic zone, euphotic zone (Greek for "well lit": εὖ "well" + φῶς "light"), or sunlight or (sunlit) zone is the uppermost layer of water in a lake or ocean that is exposed to intense sunlight.

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Placiphorella, the veiled chiton, is a genus of polyplacophoran molluscs with precephalic tentacles, which are used in feeding.

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Plaxiphora is a genus of chitons in the family Mopaliidae.

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Plaxiphora egregia

Plaxiphora egregia is a distinctive chiton in the family Mopaliidae, endemic to the South Island of New Zealand, where it is uncommon.

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Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages, and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides.

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Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).

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Protochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Pterochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Pterygochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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The radula (plural radulae or radulas) is an anatomical structure that is used by mollusks for feeding, sometimes compared to a tongue.

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Rhyssoplax is a genus of chitons in the family Chitonidae, endemic to Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, and the Kermadec Islands.

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Salivary gland

The salivary glands in mammals are exocrine glands that produce saliva through a system of ducts.

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Scanochiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Scanchitonidae is an extinct family of polyplacophoran mollusc.

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Schizochiton is a genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Schizochitonidae is a family of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Sea snail

Sea snail is a common name for snails that normally live in saltwater, in other words marine gastropods.

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Septemchiton is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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The term shrimp is used to refer to some decapod crustaceans, although the exact animals covered can vary.

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Simple eye in invertebrates

A simple eye (sometimes called a pigment pit) refers to a type of eye form or optical arrangement that contains a single lens.

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Snail is a common name loosely applied to shelled gastropods.

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South Korea

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed").

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A sphincter is a circular muscle that normally maintains constriction of a natural body passage or orifice and which relaxes as required by normal physiological functioning.

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Spongioradsia is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Starfish or sea stars are star-shaped echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea.

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The statocyst is a balance sensory receptor present in some aquatic invertebrates, including molluscs, bivalves, cnidarians, ctenophorans, echinoderms, cephalopods, and crustaceans.

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Stenoplax is a genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.

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In zoological nomenclature, a subphylum is a taxonomic rank below the rank of phylum.

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Subradular organ

The subradular organ is a sensory organ below the grinding mouthparts (radula) of some molluscs, specifically the chitons.

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Subterenochiton is a genus of chitons, marine polyplacophoran molluscs, in the family Ischnochitonidae.

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Sumerian language

Sumerian (𒅴𒂠 "native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer and a language isolate that was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).

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Sypharochiton is a genus of chitons in the family Chitonidae.

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The Bahamas

The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago.

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Tobago is an autonomous island within the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

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Tom Iredale

Tom Iredale (24 March 1880 – 12 April 1972) was an English-born ornithologist and malacologist who had a long association with Australia, where he lived for most of his life.

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Tonicella is a genus of chitons known as the lined chitons.

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Tonicella lineata

Tonicella lineata, commonly known as the lined chiton, is a species of chiton from the North Pacific.

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Tonicia is a genus of chitons in the family Chitonidae.

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Trachypleura is an extinct genus of polyplacophoran molluscs.

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Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.

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A trochophore (also spelled trocophore) is a type of free-swimming planktonic marine larva with several bands of cilia.

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A tunic is any of several types of garment for the body, usually simple in style, reaching from the shoulders to a length somewhere between the hips and the ankles.

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Valve (mollusc)

A mollusc valve is each articulating part of the shell of a mollusc.

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A veliger is the planktonic larva of many kinds of sea snails and freshwater snails, as well as most bivalve molluscs (clams) and tusk shells.

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Ventricle (heart)

A ventricle is one of two large chambers in the heart that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs.

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William Healey Dall

William Healey Dall (August 21, 1845 – March 27, 1927) was an American naturalist, a prominent malacologist, and one of the earliest scientific explorers of interior Alaska.

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Wiwaxia is a genus of soft-bodied animals that were covered in carbonaceous scales and spines.

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10th edition of Systema Naturae

The 10th edition of Systema Naturae is a book written by Carl Linnaeus and published in two volumes in 1758 and 1759, which marks the starting point of zoological nomenclature.

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Redirects here:

Amphinera, Amphineura, Chitons, Loricata (Polyplacophora), Polyplacophora, Polyplacophoran, Sea cradle.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiton

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