60 relations: Acid strength, Action potential, Amylase, Atom, Bischofite, Bleach, Bromide, Calcium chloride, Chemical compound, Chemical element, Chemical formula, Chloralkali process, Chlorate, Chloride channel, Chloridometer, Chlorine, Chlorine dioxide, Chlorine oxide, Chlorite, Chloromethane, Covalent bond, Deicing, Desalination, Drilling fluid, Drinking water, Electrolyte, Electron, Electrophysiology, Fluoride, Granular material, Halide, Halite, Halogen, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrogen chloride, Hypochlorite, Iodide, Ion, Kidney, Laboratory, Magnesium chloride, Melting point, Molar concentration, Oxidation state, Perchlorate, Petroleum industry, Phosphorus pentachloride, Phosphorus trichloride, Pitting corrosion, Potassium chloride, ..., Properties of water, Reagent, Renal chloride reabsorption, Seawater, Serum chloride, Silver chloride, Silver chloride electrode, Sodium chloride, Sylvite, Thionyl chloride. Expand index (10 more) » « Shrink index
The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+).
In physiology, an action potential occurs when the membrane potential of a specific axon location rapidly rises and falls: this depolarisation then causes adjacent locations to similarly depolarise.
An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
Bischofite (bischofit) is a hydrous magnesium chloride mineral with formula MgCl2·6H2O.
Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product which is used industrially and domestically to whiten clothes, lighten hair color and remove stains.
A bromide is a chemical compound containing a bromide ion or ligand.
Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound, a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2.
A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules (or molecular entities) composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds.
A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
The chloralkali process (also chlor-alkali and chlor alkali) is an industrial process for the electrolysis of sodium chloride.
The chlorate anion has the formula.
Chloride channels are a superfamily of poorly understood ion channels specific for chloride.
A chloridometer is a measuring instrument used to determine the concentration of chloride ions (Cl–) in a solution.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chlorine dioxide is a chemical compound with the formula ClO2.
Chlorine and oxygen can bond in many ways.
The chlorite ion, or chlorine dioxide anion, is.
Chloromethane, also called methyl chloride, Refrigerant-40, R-40 or HCC 40, is a chemical compound of the group of organic compounds called haloalkanes.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
De-icing is the process of removing snow, ice or frost from a surface.
Desalination is a process that extracts mineral components from saline water.
In geotechnical engineering, drilling fluid is used to aid the drilling of boreholes into the earth.
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol or, whose electric charge is negative one elementary charge.
Electrophysiology (from Greek ἥλεκτρον, ēlektron, "amber"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of the electrical properties of biological cells and tissues.
A granular material is a conglomeration of discrete solid, macroscopic particles characterized by a loss of energy whenever the particles interact (the most common example would be friction when grains collide).
A halide is a binary phase, of which one part is a halogen atom and the other part is an element or radical that is less electronegative (or more electropositive) than the halogen, to make a fluoride, chloride, bromide, iodide, astatide, or theoretically tennesside compound.
Halite, commonly known as rock salt, is a type of salt, the mineral (natural) form of sodium chloride (NaCl).
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.
In chemistry, hypochlorite is an ion with the chemical formula ClO−.
An iodide ion is the ion I−.
An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
A laboratory (informally, lab) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.
Magnesium chloride is the name for the chemical compound with the formula MgCl2 and its various hydrates MgCl2(H2O)x.
The melting point (or, rarely, liquefaction point) of a substance is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at atmospheric pressure.
Molar concentration (also called molarity, amount concentration or substance concentration) is a measure of the concentration of a chemical species, in particular of a solute in a solution, in terms of amount of substance per unit volume of solution.
The oxidation state, sometimes referred to as oxidation number, describes degree of oxidation (loss of electrons) of an atom in a chemical compound.
A perchlorate is the name for a chemical compound containing the perchlorate ion,.
The petroleum industry, also known as the oil industry or the oil patch, includes the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing of petroleum products.
Phosphorus pentachloride is the chemical compound with the formula PCl5.
Phosphorus trichloride is a chemical compound of phosphorus and chlorine, having the chemical formula PCl3.
Pitting corrosion, or pitting, is a form of extremely localized corrosion that leads to the creation of small holes in the metal.
Potassium chloride (KCl) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine.
Water is a polar inorganic compound that is at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, which is nearly colorless apart from an inherent hint of blue. It is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" and the "solvent of life". It is the most abundant substance on Earth and the only common substance to exist as a solid, liquid, and gas on Earth's surface. It is also the third most abundant molecule in the universe. Water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other and are strongly polar. This polarity allows it to separate ions in salts and strongly bond to other polar substances such as alcohols and acids, thus dissolving them. Its hydrogen bonding causes its many unique properties, such as having a solid form less dense than its liquid form, a relatively high boiling point of 100 °C for its molar mass, and a high heat capacity. Water is amphoteric, meaning that it is both an acid and a base—it produces + and - ions by self-ionization.
A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.
Renal reabsorption of chloride (Cl−) is a part of renal physiology, in order not to lose too much chloride in the urine.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
Chloride is an anion in the human body needed for metabolism (the process of turning food into energy).
Silver chloride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula AgCl.
A silver chloride electrode is a type of reference electrode, commonly used in electrochemical measurements.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Sylvite, or sylvine, is potassium chloride (KCl) in natural mineral form.
Thionyl chloride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula SOCl2.