Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Chloral hydrate is a geminal diol with the formula C2H3Cl3O2.
Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.
Hypnotic (from Greek Hypnos, sleep) or soporific drugs, commonly known as sleeping pills, are a class of psychoactive drugs whose primary function is to induce sleep and to be used in the treatment of insomnia (sleeplessness), or surgical anesthesia.
The Japanese rice fish (Oryzias latipes) also known as the medaka, is a member of genus Oryzias (ricefish), the only genus in the subfamily Oryziinae.
A local anesthetic (LA) is a medication that causes reversible absence of pain sensation, although other senses are often affected, as well.
Menthol is an organic compound made synthetically or obtained from corn mint, peppermint, or other mint oils.
Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH, and is commonly called caustic potash.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Sea urchins or urchins are typically spiny, globular animals, echinoderms in the class Echinoidea.
A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
1,1,1-Chlorbutanol, 1,1,1-trichloro-tert-butyl alcohol, 2,2,2-trichloro-1,1-dimethylethanol, 2-(trichloromethyl)propan-2-ol, ATC code A04AD04, ATCvet code QA04AD04, C4H7Cl3O, Chlorbutol, Chloreton, Chloretone, Chlortran, Tert-trichlorobutyl alcohol, Trichlorisobutylalcohol, Trichloro-tert-butanol, Trichloro-tert-butyl alcohol.