158 relations: A.C.E. mixture, Acetone, Acyl chloride, Alcohol, Aldehyde, Alkaloid, Alkene, Anaesthesia (journal), Anesthesiologist, Anesthetic, Anxiolytic, Aromaticity, Benzene, Bis(chloromethyl) ketone, Bleach, Bond cleavage, Butanone, Calcium hypochlorite, Carbene, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon disulfide, Carbon monoxide, Carbon tetrachloride, Carbonate, Central nervous system, Chemical formula, Chloral, Chloral hydrate, Chlorine, Chloroacetone, Chlorodifluoromethane, Chloromethane, Cliché, Colorimetry, Coma, Concise International Chemical Assessment Document, Crime fiction, Cyclopropane, Cytochrome P450, DDT, Defatting (medical), Deuterated chloroform, Deuterium, Diazepam, Dichlorocarbene, Dichloromethane, Diethyl ether, Diphenylamine, Disinfection by-product, ..., Distillation, Edinburgh, Electroshock weapon, Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, Empirical formula, Ethanol, Eugène Soubeiran, Euphoria, Fat, Fire extinguisher, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Formic acid, Francis Brodie Imlach, Frankfurt (Oder), Free-radical halogenation, Fumigation, Fungus, Gutta-percha, H. H. Holmes, Half-life, Haloform reaction, Halogenation, Heart arrhythmia, Henri Victor Regnault, Hexobarbital, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrogen, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrogen fluoride, Hyperthermia, Hypochlorite, Incapacitating agent, Isopropyl alcohol, Isotopologue, James Young Simpson, Jaundice, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, John Fife (surgeon), John Snow, Justus von Liebig, Kharasch addition, Kidney tumour, Ligroin, Lime (material), List of extremely hazardous substances, Liver failure, Liver tumor, Mass spectrometry, Methane, Montreal Protocol, Natural rubber, Nausea, Necrosis, Neuron, Neutralization (chemistry), Nitrous oxide, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Obstetrics, Oil, Organic compound, Oxygen, Para-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde, Pentene, Pharmacodynamics, Phase-transfer catalyst, Phenols, Phosgene, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Potassium, Potassium channel, Potassium formate, Potassium hydroxide, Queen Victoria, Radical (chemistry), Reagent, Record-Journal, Refrigerant, Reimer–Tiemann reaction, Resin, Rice University, Robert Halliday Gunning, Robert Mortimer Glover, Royal Society of Chemistry, Sackets Harbor, New York, Samuel Guthrie (physician), Seaweed, Sedative, Serial killer, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium hydroxide, Sodium hypochlorite, Surgery, Symmetry group, Tetrahedral molecular geometry, The Lancet, The Philadelphia Record, Tobacco smoke, Trichloroacetic acid, Trihalomethane, United States Government Publishing Office, University of Edinburgh, USA Today, Vomiting, Water chlorination, Wax, William Marsh Rice, World Health Organization, 1,2-Dichloroethane. Expand index (108 more) » « Shrink index
A.C.E. mixture (or ACE mixture) is a historical anaesthetic agent for general anaesthesia.
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
In organic chemistry, an acyl chloride (or acid chloride) is an organic compound with the functional group -COCl. Their formula is usually written RCOCl, where R is a side chain.
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a carbon.
An aldehyde or alkanal is an organic compound containing a functional group with the structure −CHO, consisting of a carbonyl center (a carbon double-bonded to oxygen) with the carbon atom also bonded to hydrogen and to an R group, which is any generic alkyl or side chain.
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon–carbon double bond.
Anaesthesia is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering research in anaesthesiology.
An anesthesiologist is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine.
An anesthetic (or anaesthetic) is a drug to prevent pain during surgery, completely blocking any feeling as opposed to an analgesic.
An anxiolytic (also antipanic or antianxiety agent) is a medication or other intervention that inhibits anxiety.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Bis(chloromethyl) ketone is a chemical substance with formula.
Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product which is used industrially and domestically to whiten clothes, lighten hair color and remove stains.
Bond cleavage, or scission, is the splitting of chemical bonds.
Butanone, also known as methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), is an organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2CH3.
Calcium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound with formula2.
In chemistry, a carbene is a molecule containing a neutral carbon atom with a valence of two and two unshared valence electrons.
Carbon (from carbo "coal") is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carbon disulfide is a colorless volatile liquid with the formula CS2.
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air.
Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.
In chemistry, a carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid (H2CO3), characterized by the presence of the carbonate ion, a polyatomic ion with the formula of.
The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Chloral, also known as trichloroacetaldehyde or trichloroethanal, is the organic compound with the formula Cl3CCHO.
Chloral hydrate is a geminal diol with the formula C2H3Cl3O2.
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chloroacetone is a chemical compound with the formula 3CCH2.
Chlorodifluoromethane or difluoromonochloromethane is a hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC).
Chloromethane, also called methyl chloride, Refrigerant-40, R-40 or HCC 40, is a chemical compound of the group of organic compounds called haloalkanes.
A cliché or cliche is an expression, idea, or element of an artistic work which has become overused to the point of losing its original meaning or effect, even to the point of being trite or irritating, especially when at some earlier time it was considered meaningful or novel.
Colorimetry is "the science and technology used to quantify and describe physically the human color perception." It is similar to spectrophotometry, but is distinguished by its interest in reducing spectra to the physical correlates of color perception, most often the CIE 1931 XYZ color space tristimulus values and related quantities.
Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awaken; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions.
Concise International Chemical Assessment Documents (CICADs) are published by the World Health Organization within the framework of the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS).
Crime fiction is the literary genre that fictionalises crimes, their detection, criminals, and their motives.
Cyclopropane is a cycloalkane molecule with the molecular formula C3H6, consisting of three carbon atoms linked to each other to form a ring, with each carbon atom bearing two hydrogen atoms resulting in D3h molecular symmetry.
Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are proteins of the superfamily containing heme as a cofactor and, therefore, are hemoproteins.
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, commonly known as DDT, is a colorless, tasteless, and almost odorless crystalline chemical compound, an organochlorine, originally developed as an insecticide, and ultimately becoming infamous for its environmental impacts.
Defatting is the chemical dissolving of dermal lipids, from the skin, on contact with defatting agents.
Deuterated chloroform (CDCl3), also known as chloroform-d, is an isotopologue of chloroform (CHCl3) in which the hydrogen atom ("H") is replaced with a deuterium (heavy hydrogen) isotope ("D").
Deuterium (or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen) is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen (the other being protium, or hydrogen-1).
Diazepam, first marketed as Valium, is a medicine of the benzodiazepine family that typically produces a calming effect.
Dichlorocarbene is the reactive intermediate with chemical formula CCl2.
Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
Diphenylamine is an organic compound with the formula (C6H5)2NH.
Disinfection by-products (DBPs) result from chemical reactions between organic and inorganic matter in water with chemical treatment agents during the water disinfection process.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
An electroshock weapon is an incapacitating weapon.
The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 is a United States federal law passed by the 99th United States Congress located at Title 42, Chapter 116 of the U.S. Code, concerned with emergency response preparedness.
In chemistry, the empirical formula of a chemical compound is the simplest positive integer ratio of atoms present in a compound.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
Eugène Soubeiran (5 December 1797, in Paris – 17 November 1859, in Paris) was a French scientist.
Euphoria is an affective state in which a person experiences pleasure or excitement and intense feelings of well-being and happiness.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations.
Fluorescence spectroscopy (also known as fluorometry or spectrofluorometry) is a type of electromagnetic spectroscopy that analyzes fluorescence from a sample.
Formic acid, systematically named methanoic acid, is the simplest carboxylic acid.
Francis Brodie Imlach FRCSE (1819-1891) was a Scottish pioneer of modern dentistry, and the first person to use chloroform on a dental patient.
Frankfurt (Oder) (also Frankfurt an der Oder, abbreviated Frankfurt a. d. Oder, Frankfurt a. d. O., Frankf., 'Frankfurt on the Oder') is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the town of Słubice, which was part of Frankfurt until 1945.
In organic chemistry, free-radical halogenation is a type of halogenation.
Fumigation is a method of pest control that completely fills an area with gaseous pesticides—or fumigants—to suffocate or poison the pests within.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Gutta-percha refers to trees of the genus Palaquium in the family Sapotaceae and the rigid natural latex produced from the sap of these trees, particularly from Palaquium gutta.
Herman Webster Mudgett (May 16, 1861 – May 7, 1896), better known as Dr.
Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.
The haloform reaction is a chemical reaction where a haloform (CHX3, where X is a halogen) is produced by the exhaustive halogenation of a methyl ketone (a molecule containing the R–CO–CH3 group) in the presence of a base.
Halogenation is a chemical reaction that involves the addition of one or more halogens to a compound or material.
Heart arrhythmia (also known as arrhythmia, dysrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat) is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow.
Prof Henri Victor Regnault FRS HFRSE (21 July 1810 – 19 January 1878) was a French chemist and physicist best known for his careful measurements of the thermal properties of gases.
Hexobarbital or hexobarbitone, sold both in acid and sodium salt forms as Citopan, Evipan, and Tobinal, is a barbiturate derivative having hypnotic and sedative effects.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydrogen is a chemical element with symbol H and atomic number 1.
The compound hydrogen chloride has the chemical formula and as such is a hydrogen halide.
Hydrogen fluoride is a chemical compound with the chemical formula.
Hyperthermia is elevated body temperature due to failed thermoregulation that occurs when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates.
In chemistry, hypochlorite is an ion with the chemical formula ClO−.
The term incapacitating agent is defined by the U.S. Department of Defense as: Lethal agents are primarily intended to kill, but incapacitating agents can also kill if administered in a potent enough dose, or in certain scenarios.
Isopropyl alcohol (IUPAC name propan-2-ol; commonly called isopropanol) is a compound with the chemical formula C3H8O.
Isotopologues are molecules that differ only in their isotopic composition.
Sir James Young Simpson, 1st Baronet (7 June 1811 – 6 May 1870) was a Scottish obstetrician and a significant figure in the history of medicine.
Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a yellowish or greenish pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes due to high bilirubin levels.
Jean Baptiste André Dumas (14 July 180010 April 1884) was a French chemist, best known for his works on organic analysis and synthesis, as well as the determination of atomic weights (relative atomic masses) and molecular weights by measuring vapor densities.
Sir John Fife (1795–1871), was an English surgeon.
John Snow (15 March 1813 – 16 June 1858) was an English physician and a leader in the adoption of anesthesia and medical hygiene.
Justus Freiherr von Liebig (12 May 1803 – 18 April 1873) was a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and was considered the founder of organic chemistry.
The Kharasch addition is an organic reaction and a metal-catalysed free radical addition of CXCl3 compounds (X.
Kidney tumours (or kidney tumors), also known as renal tumours, are tumours, or growths, on or in the kidney.
Ligroin is the petroleum fraction consisting mostly of C7 and C8 hydrocarbons and boiling in the range 90‒140 ℃ (194–284 °F); commonly used as a laboratory solvent.
Lime is a calcium-containing inorganic mineral in which oxides, and hydroxides predominate.
This is the list of extremely hazardous substances defined in Section 302 of the U.S. Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (42 U.S.C. 11002).
Liver failure or hepatic insufficiency is the inability of the liver to perform its normal synthetic and metabolic function as part of normal physiology.
Liver tumors or hepatic tumors are tumors or growths on or in the liver (medical terms pertaining to the liver often start in hepato- or hepatic from the Greek word for liver, hepar).
Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (a protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer) is an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.
Necrosis (from the Greek νέκρωσις "death, the stage of dying, the act of killing" from νεκρός "dead") is a form of cell injury which results in the premature death of cells in living tissue by autolysis.
A neuron, also known as a neurone (British spelling) and nerve cell, is an electrically excitable cell that receives, processes, and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals.
In chemistry, neutralization or neutralisation (see spelling differences), is a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react quantitatively with each other.
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, most commonly known as NMR spectroscopy or magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), is a spectroscopic technique to observe local magnetic fields around atomic nuclei.
Obstetrics is the field of study concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
para-Dimethylaminobenzaldehyde is an organic compound containing amine and aldehyde moieties which is used in Ehrlich's reagent and Kovac's reagent to test for indoles.
Pentenes are alkenes with chemical formula.
Pharmacodynamics is the study of the biochemical and physiologic effects of drugs (especially pharmaceutical drugs).
In chemistry, a phase-transfer catalyst or PTC is a catalyst that facilitates the migration of a reactant from one phase into another phase where reaction occurs.
In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.
Phosgene is the chemical compound with the formula COCl2.
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that has numerous applications.
Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.
Potassium channels are the most widely distributed type of ion channel and are found in virtually all living organisms.
Potassium formate, HCO2K, is the potassium salt of formic acid.
Potassium hydroxide is an inorganic compound with the formula KOH, and is commonly called caustic potash.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
In chemistry, a radical (more precisely, a free radical) is an atom, molecule, or ion that has an unpaired valence electron.
A reagent is a substance or compound added to a system to cause a chemical reaction, or added to test if a reaction occurs.
The Record-Journal is an American daily newspaper based in Meriden, Connecticut, that dates back to the years immediately following the American Civil War.
A refrigerant is a substance or mixture, usually a fluid, used in a heat pump and refrigeration cycle.
The Reimer–Tiemann reaction is a chemical reaction used for the ortho-formylation of phenols; with the simplest example being the conversion of phenol to salicylaldehyde.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
William Marsh Rice University, commonly known as Rice University, is a private research university located on a 300-acre (121 ha) campus in Houston, Texas, United States.
Robert Halliday Gunning FRSE PRPSE FSA LLD (1818–1900) was a Scottish surgeon, entrepreneur and philanthropist.
Dr Robert Mortimer Glover FRSE (1815-1859) was a British physician.
The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) is a learned society (professional association) in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences".
Sackets Harbor (earlier spelled Sacketts Harbor) is a village in Jefferson County, New York, United States, on Lake Ontario.
Samuel Guthrie (1782–1848) was an American physician from Hounsfield, New York.
Seaweed or macroalgae refers to several species of macroscopic, multicellular, marine algae.
A sedative or tranquilliser is a substance that induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement.
A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people,A serial killer is most commonly defined as a person who kills three or more people for psychological gratification; reliable sources over the years agree.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
In group theory, the symmetry group of an object (image, signal, etc.) is the group of all transformations under which the object is invariant with composition as the group operation.
In a tetrahedral molecular geometry, a central atom is located at the center with four substituents that are located at the corners of a tetrahedron.
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
The Philadelphia Record was a daily newspaper published in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1877 until 1947.
Cigarette smoke is an aerosol produced by the incomplete combustion of tobacco during the smoking of cigarettes.
Trichloroacetic acid (TCA; TCAA; also known as trichloroethanoic acid) is an analogue of acetic acid in which the three hydrogen atoms of the methyl group have all been replaced by chlorine atoms.
Trihalomethanes (THMs) are chemical compounds in which three of the four hydrogen atoms of methane (CH4) are replaced by halogen atoms.
The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.
The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
Water chlorination is the process of adding chlorine or hypochlorite to water.
Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are lipophilic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures.
William Marsh Rice (March 14, 1816 – September 23, 1900) was an American businessman who bequeathed his fortune to found Rice University in Houston, Texas.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
The chemical compound 1,2-dichloroethane commonly known as ethylene dichloride (EDC), is a chlorinated hydrocarbon.
ATC code N01AB02, ATCvet code QN01AB02, CHCl3, Chcl3, Chloraform, Chloroformed, Formyl trichloride, Freon 20, Methane trichloride, Methenyl trichloride, Methyl Trichloride, Methyl trichloride, Trichloromethane, Truchloromethane, UN 1888.