275 relations: A cappella, A German Requiem (Brahms), Aaron Copland, Aaron Jay Kernis, Ajax (play), Alto, Ambrose, American Choral Directors Association, Anúna, Ancient Greece, Anglican church music, Anthem, Anton Bruckner, Anton Webern, Arnold Schoenberg, Art music, Arvo Pärt, Audition, Augusta Read Thomas, Bach cantata, Bach Choir (disambiguation), Bach's church music in Latin, Ballet, Barbershop music, Barbershop quartet, Baritone, Baroque music, Bass (voice type), Baton (conducting), Béla Bartók, BBC Singers, Benjamin Britten, Big band, Boy soprano, Boys' choir, Canadian Chamber Choir, Cantata, Cardiff Arms Park Male Choir, Carl Orff, Carmina Burana (Orff), Carol (music), Carol of the Bells, Catholic Church, Cecilian Movement, Cello, Chamber Choir Ireland, Charles Ives, Chen Yi (composer), Choir (architecture), Choirboy, ..., Choral Fantasy (Beethoven), Chorale, Choralis Constantinus, Chord progression, Christian music, Christmas carol, Christoph Graupner, Church (building), Classical music, Claudio Monteverdi, Clausula (music), Coal mining, Colonial history of the United States, Come and sing, Concert, Concertato, Concertmaster, Conducting, Conductus, Coronation anthem, Countertenor, Culture of Wales, Daniel Pinkham, David Lang (composer), Delphic Hymns, Dieterich Buxtehude, Double bass, Eastern Orthodox Church, Einstein on the Beach, Elijah (oratorio), Eric Whitacre, Euripides, Falsetto, Felix Mendelssohn, Figured bass, Fisk Jubilee Singers, Fisk University, Flaccus (composer), Florentine Camerata, Folk music, Francis Poulenc, Frank Martin (composer), Franz Schubert, Georg Philipp Telemann, George Frideric Handel, Giacomo Carissimi, Gioachino Rossini, Giovanni Gabrieli, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Giuseppe Verdi, Glossary of musical terminology, Gospel music, Greek chorus, Gregorian chant, Guillaume Du Fay, György Ligeti, Harmony, Harpsichord, Hector Berlioz, Heinrich Isaac, Heinrich Schütz, Henry Purcell, Henryk Górecki, Herbert Howells, Holy minimalism, Hymn, Hymn tune, Isorhythm, Israel in Egypt, James MacMillan, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Jester Hairston, Johann Joseph Fux, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Brahms, John Adams (composer), John Dunstaple, John Rutter, John Tavener, John Williams, Joseph Haydn, Joseph Jordania, Joshua Rifkin, Josquin des Prez, Karl Jenkins, Kenneth Leighton, Krzysztof Penderecki, L'enfance du Christ, Latin liturgical rites, Leipzig, LGBT, List of Ukrainian composers, Liturgical year, Ludwig van Beethoven, Lute, Madras Youth Choir, Madrigal, Magnificat (Bach), Mass (music), Mass in G minor (Vaughan Williams), Max Reger, Men's chorus, Meredith Monk, Mesomedes, Messiah (Handel), Metre (music), Michel Richard Delalande, Milton Babbitt, Missa solemnis (Beethoven), Monody, Moravian Church, Morriston Orpheus Choir, Moses Hogan, Motet, Motown, Music, Music of ancient Rome, Musical ensemble, Musical theatre, Musician, Mykola Leontovych, Nänie, Nederlands Kamerkoor, Oboe, Old Hall Manuscript, Olivier Messiaen, Opera, Oratorio, Orchestra, Orestes (play), Organ (music), Organum, Orlando Gibbons, Ostinato, Osvaldo Golijov, OVPP, Oxyrhynchus hymn, Papyrus, Part song, Passions (Bach), Paul Hindemith, Peter Wilhousky, Peterborough Cathedral, Philip Glass, Piano, Pipe organ, Pit orchestra, Polyphony, Pontarddulais Male Choir, Pontypridd, Pope Gregory I, Popular music, Proper (liturgy), Psalm 130, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Randall Thompson, Rehearsal, Rejoice in the Lamb, Renaissance music, Requiem (Berlioz), Requiem (Mozart), Requiem (Verdi), Richard Strauss, Robert Schumann, Rock Choir, Samuel Barber, SATB, Schicksalslied, Seconda pratica, Secularity, Seikilos epitaph, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Serialism, Shchedryk (song), Sheet music, Show choir, Sign language, Sign singing, Sofia Gubaidulina, Sophocles, Soprano, South Wales, Spem in alium, Spiritual (music), St Paul's Cathedral, St. Paul (oratorio), Steve Reich, Stile antico, Swedish Radio Choir, Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), Synagogue, Te Deum (Berlioz), Tempo, Tenor, Terence, The Creation (Haydn), The Death of Klinghoffer, The Desert Music, The Seasons (Haydn), The Sixteen, Theatre of ancient Greece, Thomas Adès, Thomas Tallis, Timpani, Treorchy Male Choir, Trumpet, Ukrainian folk music, Unison, Venetian polychoral style, Venetian School (music), Verklärte Nacht, Vespers, Violin family, Violone, Vocal jazz, Vocal weight, Voice change, War Requiem, Westminster Abbey, William Byrd, William L. Dawson (composer), William Walton, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Zoltán Kodály, 20th-century classical music. Expand index (225 more) » « Shrink index
A cappella (Italian for "in the manner of the chapel") music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way.
A German Requiem, to Words of the Holy Scriptures, Op.
Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900December 2, 1990) was an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later a conductor of his own and other American music.
Aaron Jay Kernis (born January 15, 1960) is an American composer serving as a member of the Yale School of Music faculty.
Sophocles' Ajax, or Aias (or; Αἴας, gen. Αἴαντος), is a Greek tragedy written in the 5th century BCE.
The musical term alto, meaning "high" in Italian (Latin: altus), refers to the second highest part of a contrapuntal musical texture and is also applied to its associated vocal range, especially in choral music.
Aurelius Ambrosius (– 397), better known in English as Ambrose, was a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century.
The American Choral Directors Association (ACDA), headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, is a non-profit organization with the stated purpose of promoting excellence in the field of choral music.
Anúna is a choral ensemble based in Ireland.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Anglican church music is music that is written for Christian worship in Anglican religious services, forming part of the liturgy.
An anthem is a musical composition of celebration, usually used as a symbol for a distinct group, particularly the national anthems of countries.
Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.
Anton Friedrich Wilhelm (von) Webern (3 December 188315 September 1945) was an Austrian composer and conductor.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
Art music (alternately called classical music, cultivated music, serious music, and canonic music) is music that implies advanced structural and theoretical considerationsJacques Siron, "Musique Savante (Serious music)", Dictionnaire des mots de la musique (Paris: Outre Mesure): 242.
Arvo Pärt (born 11 September 1935) is an Estonian composer of classical and religious music.
An audition is a sample performance by an actor, singer, musician, dancer or other performer.
Augusta Read Thomas (born April 24, 1964) is an American composer.
The cantatas of Johann Sebastian Bach (German: Bachkantaten) consist of at least 209 surviving works.
Bach Choir may refer to one of many organizations featuring Bach's choral music, including.
Most of Johann Sebastian Bach's extant church music in Latin —settings of (parts of) the Mass ordinary and the Magnificat— dates from his Leipzig period (1723–50).
Ballet is a type of performance dance that originated during the Italian Renaissance in the 15th century and later developed into a concert dance form in France and Russia.
Barbershop vocal harmony, as codified during the barbershop revival era (1930s–present), is a style of a cappella close harmony, or unaccompanied vocal music, characterized by consonant four-part chords for every melody note in a predominantly homophonic texture.
A barbershop quartet is a group of four singers who sing music in the barbershop genre of singing, which uses four-part harmony without accompaniment by any instruments such as piano, a style called a capella.
A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
A bass is a type of classical male singing voice and has the lowest vocal range of all voice types.
A baton is a stick that is used by conductors primarily to enlarge and enhance the manual and bodily movements associated with directing an ensemble of musicians.
Béla Viktor János Bartók (25 March 1881 – 26 September 1945) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and an ethnomusicologist.
The BBC Singers are a British chamber choir, and the professional chamber choir of the BBC.
Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten of Aldeburgh (22 November 1913 – 4 December 1976) was an English composer, conductor and pianist.
A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section.
A boy soprano is a young male singer with an unchanged voice in the soprano range.
A boys' choir is a choir primarily made up of choirboys who have yet to begin puberty or are in the early to middle stages of puberty and so retain their more highly pitched childhood voice type.
The Canadian Chamber Choir (Choeur de chambre du Canada)'s mission is to build community through choral singing.
A cantata (literally "sung", past participle feminine singular of the Italian verb cantare, "to sing") is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment, typically in several movements, often involving a choir.
Cardiff Arms Park Male Choir is a choir based at Cardiff Arms Park in Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom.
Carl Heinrich Maria Orff (–) was a German composer, best known for his cantata Carmina Burana (1937).
Carmina Burana is a scenic cantata composed by Carl Orff in 1935 and 1936, based on 24 poems from the medieval collection Carmina Burana.
A carol is in Modern English a festive song, generally religious but not necessarily connected with church worship, and often with a dance-like or popular character.
"Carol of the Bells" is a popular Christmas carol, with music by Ukrainian composer Mykola Leontovych in 1914Korchova, Olena (December 17, 2012).
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Cecilian Movement for church music reform began in Germany in the second half of the 1800s as a reaction to the liberalization of the Enlightenment.
The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.
Chamber Choir Ireland, formerly known as the National Chamber Choir of Ireland, is the Republic of Ireland's national choral ensemble and national chamber choir.
Charles Edward Ives (October 20, 1874May 19, 1954) was an American modernist composer.
Chen Yi (born April 4, 1953) is a Chinese violinist and composer of contemporary classical music.
A choir, also sometimes called quire, is the area of a church or cathedral that provides seating for the clergy and church choir.
A choirboy is a boy member of a choir, also known as a treble.
The Fantasy (Fantasia) for piano, vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra,, usually called the Choral Fantasy, was composed in 1808 by Ludwig van Beethoven.
Chorale is the name of several related musical forms originating in the music genre of the Lutheran chorale.
The Choralis Constantinus is a collection of over 375 Gregorian chant-based polyphonic motets for the proper of the mass composed by Heinrich Isaac and his pupil Ludwig Senfl.
A chord progression or harmonic progression is a succession of musical chords, which are two or more notes, typically sounded simultaneously.
Christian music is music that has been written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life and faith.
A Christmas carol (also called a noël, from the French word meaning "Christmas") is a carol (song or hymn) whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, and which is traditionally sung on Christmas itself or during the surrounding holiday season.
Christoph Graupner (13 January 1683 in Kirchberg – 10 May 1760 in Darmstadt) was a German harpsichordist and composer of high Baroque music who was a contemporary of Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg Philipp Telemann and George Frideric Handel.
A church building or church house, often simply called a church, is a building used for Christian religious activities, particularly for worship services.
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.
Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player and choirmaster.
In late medieval Western music, a clausula was a newly composed polyphonic section for two or more voices sung in discant style ("note against note") over a cantus firmus.
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.
The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European colonization of the Americas from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until their incorporation into the United States of America.
A come and sing event is a temporary choir ("scratch choir") that rehearses and/or performs choral music, often within a single day.
A concert is a live music performance in front of an audience.
Concertato is a term in early Baroque music referring to either a genre or a style of music in which groups of instruments or voices share a melody, usually in alternation, and almost always over a basso continuo.
The Concertmaster (from the German Konzertmeister) in the U.S. and Canada is the leader of the first violin section in an orchestra (or clarinet in a concert band) and the instrument-playing leader of the orchestra.
Conducting is the art of directing a musical performance, such as an orchestral or choral concert.
In medieval music, conductus (plural: conductus) is a type of sacred, but non-liturgical vocal composition for one or more voices.
A coronation anthem is a piece of choral music written to accompany the coronation of a monarch.
A countertenor (also contra tenor) is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range is equivalent to that of the female contralto or mezzo-soprano voice types, generally extending from around G3 to D5 or E5, although a sopranist (a specific kind of countertenor) may match the soprano's range of around C4 to C6.
Wales is a country in Western Europe that has a distinctive culture including its own language, customs, holidays and music.
Daniel Rogers Pinkham, Jr. (June 5, 1923 – December 18, 2006) was an American composer, organist, and harpsichordist.
David Lang (born January 8, 1957) is an American composer living in New York City.
The Delphic Hymns are two musical compositions from Ancient Greece, which survive in substantial fragments.
Dieterich Buxtehude (Diderich,; c. 1637/39 – 9 May 1707) was a Danish-German organist and composer of the Baroque period.
The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Einstein on the Beach is an opera in four acts (framed and connected by five "knee plays" or intermezzos), composed by Philip Glass and directed by theatrical producer Robert Wilson.
Elijah (Elias), Op. 70, MWV A 25, is an oratorio written by Felix Mendelssohn.
Eric Edward Whitacre (born Friday, January2, 1970) is a Grammy-winning American composer, conductor, and speaker, known for his choral, orchestral and wind ensemble music.
Euripides (Εὐριπίδης) was a tragedian of classical Athens.
Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, "false") is the vocal register occupying the frequency range just above the modal voice register and overlapping with it by approximately one octave.
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early romantic period.
Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.
The Fisk Jubilee Singers are an African-American a cappella ensemble, consisting of students at Fisk University.
Fisk University is a private historically black university in Nashville, Tennessee.
Flaccus is a composer from the 2nd century BC, of whom little is known.
The Florentine Camerata, also known as the Camerata de' Bardi, were a group of humanists, musicians, poets and intellectuals in late Renaissance Florence who gathered under the patronage of Count Giovanni de' Bardi to discuss and guide trends in the arts, especially music and drama.
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.
Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (7 January 189930 January 1963) was a French composer and pianist.
Frank Martin (15 September 1890 – 21 November 1974) was a Swiss composer, who lived a large part of his life in the Netherlands.
Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.
Georg Philipp Telemann (– 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist.
George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (born italic; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well-known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, and organ concertos.
Giacomo Carissimi (baptized 18 April 160512 January 1674) was an Italian composer and music teacher.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1554/1557 – 12 August 1612) was an Italian composer and organist.
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525 – 2 February 1594) was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes.
Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.
A Greek chorus, or simply chorus (χορός, khoros) in the context of Ancient Greek tragedy, comedy, satyr plays, and modern works inspired by them, is a homogeneous, non-individualised group of performers, who comment with a collective voice on the dramatic action.
Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song of the Roman Catholic Church.
Guillaume Du Fay (also Dufay, Du Fayt; 5 August, c. 1397; accessed June 23, 2015. – 27 November 1474) was a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance.
György Sándor Ligeti (Ligeti György Sándor,; 28 May 1923 – 12 June 2006) was a Hungarian-Austrian composer of contemporary classical music.
In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.
A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.
Louis-Hector Berlioz; 11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique, Harold en Italie, Roméo et Juliette, Grande messe des morts (Requiem), L'Enfance du Christ, Benvenuto Cellini, La Damnation de Faust, and Les Troyens. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 compositions for voice, accompanied by piano or orchestra. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, and Gustav Mahler.
Heinrich Isaac (c. 1450 – 26 March 1517) was a Netherlandish Renaissance composer of south Netherlandish origin.
Heinrich Schütz (– 6 November 1672) was a German composer and organist, generally regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach and often considered to be one of the most important composers of the 17th century.
Henry Purcell (or; c. 10 September 1659According to Holman and Thompson (Grove Music Online, see References) there is uncertainty regarding the year and day of birth. No record of baptism has been found. The year 1659 is based on Purcell's memorial tablet in Westminster Abbey and the frontispiece of his Sonnata's of III. Parts (London, 1683). The day 10 September is based on vague inscriptions in the manuscript GB-Cfm 88. It may also be relevant that he was appointed to his first salaried post on 10 September 1677, which would have been his eighteenth birthday. – 21 November 1695) was an English composer.
Henryk Mikołaj Górecki (English pronunciation Go-RET-ski; December 6, 1933 – November 12, 2010) was a Polish composer of contemporary classical music.
Herbert Norman Howells (17 October 1892 – 23 February 1983, 90 years of age at time of death) was an English composer, organist, and teacher, most famous for his large output of Anglican church music.
Holy minimalism, mystic minimalism, spiritual minimalism, or sacred minimalism are terms, sometimes pejorative, used to describe the musical works of a number of late-twentieth-century composers of Western classical music.
A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.
A hymn tune is the melody of a musical composition to which a hymn text is sung.
Isorhythm (from the Greek for "the same rhythm") is a musical technique using a repeating rhythmic pattern, called a talea, in at least one voice part throughout a composition.
Israel in Egypt (HWV 54) is a biblical oratorio by the composer George Frideric Handel.
Sir James Loy MacMillan, CBE (born 16 July 1959) is a Scottish classical composer and conductor.
Jean-Baptiste Lully (born Giovanni Battista Lulli,; 28 November 1632 – 22 March 1687) was an Italian-born French composer, instrumentalist, and dancer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France.
Jester Joseph Hairston (July 9, 1901 – January 18, 2000) was an American composer, songwriter, arranger, choral conductor, and actor.
Johann Joseph Fux (c. 1660 – 13 February 1741) was an Austrian composer, music theorist and pedagogue of the late Baroque era.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
Johannes Brahms (7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist of the Romantic period.
John Coolidge Adams (born February 15, 1947) is an American composer of classical music and opera, with strong roots in minimalism.
John Dunstaple (or Dunstable, c. 1390 – 24 December 1453) was an English composer of polyphonic music of the late medieval era and early Renaissance periods.
John Milford Rutter (born 24 September 1945) is an English composer, conductor, editor, arranger and record producer, mainly of choral music.
Sir John Kenneth Tavener (28 January 1944 – 12 November 2013) was an English composer, known for his extensive output of religious works, including The Protecting Veil, Song for Athene and The Lamb.
John Towner Williams (born February 8, 1932) is an American composer, conductor, and pianist.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
Joseph Jordania (born February 12, 1954 and also known under the misspelling of Joseph Zhordania) is an Australian–Georgian ethnomusicologist and evolutionary musicologist and professor.
Joshua Rifkin (born April 22, 1944 in New York) is an American conductor, keyboard player, and musicologist, and is currently a Professor of Music at Boston University.
Josquin des Prez (– 27 August 1521), often referred to simply as Josquin, was a French composer of the Renaissance.
Sir Karl William Pamp Jenkins, CBE (born 17 February 1944) is a Welsh musician and composer.
Kenneth Leighton (2 October 1929 – 24 August 1988) was a British composer and pianist.
Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki (born 23 November 1933) is a Polish composer and conductor.
L'enfance du Christ (The Childhood of Christ), Opus 25, is an oratorio by the French composer Hector Berlioz, based on the Holy Family's flight into Egypt (see Gospel of Matthew 2:13).
Latin liturgical rites are Christian liturgical rites of Latin tradition, used mainly by the Catholic Church as liturgical rites within the Latin Church, that originated in the area where the Latin language once dominated.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
This is a list of Ukrainian composers of classical music who were either born on the territory of modern-day Ukraine or were ethnically Ukrainian.
The liturgical year, also known as the church year or Christian year, as well as the kalendar, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in Christian churches that determines when feast days, including celebrations of saints, are to be observed, and which portions of Scripture are to be read either in an annual cycle or in a cycle of several years.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.
A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.
The Madras Youth Choir, based in Chennai, India, is a non-profit, voluntary organization, is the brainchild of the late composer and pioneer of Indian Choral Music, Shri.
A madrigal is a secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras.
Johann Sebastian Bach's Magnificat is a musical setting of the biblical canticle Magnificat.
The Mass (italic), a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and Lutheranism) to music.
The Mass in G minor is a choral work by Ralph Vaughan Williams written in 1921.
Johann Baptist Joseph Maximilian Reger (19 March 187311 May 1916), commonly known as Max Reger, was a German composer, pianist, organist, conductor, and academic teacher.
A men's chorus or male voice choir (MVC) (German: Männerchor), is a choir consisting of men who sing with either a tenor or bass voice, and whose music is typically arranged into high and low tenors (1st and 2nd tenor), and high and low basses (1st and 2nd bass; or baritone and bass)—and shortened to the letters TTBB.
Meredith Jane Monk (born November 20, 1942) is an American composer, performer, director, vocalist, filmmaker, and choreographer.
Mesomedes of Crete (Μεσομήδης ὁ Κρής) was a Roman-era Greek lyric poet and composer of the early 2nd century AD.
Messiah (HWV 56) is an English-language oratorio composed in 1741 by George Frideric Handel, with a scriptural text compiled by Charles Jennens from the King James Bible, and from the version of the Psalms included with the Book of Common Prayer.
In music, metre (Am. meter) refers to the regularly recurring patterns and accents such as bars and beats.
Michel Richard Delalande (15 December 1657 – 18 June 1726) was a French Baroque composer and organist who was in the service of King Louis XIV.
Milton Byron Babbitt (May 10, 1916 – January 29, 2011) was an American composer, music theorist, and teacher.
The Missa solemnis in D major, Op. 123, is a solemn mass composed by Ludwig van Beethoven from 1819 to 1823.
In poetry, the term monody has become specialized to refer to a poem in which one person laments another's death.
The Moravian Church, formally named the Unitas Fratrum (Latin for "Unity of the Brethren"), in German known as Brüdergemeine (meaning "Brethren's Congregation from Herrnhut", the place of the Church's renewal in the 18th century), is one of the oldest Protestant denominations in the world with its heritage dating back to the Bohemian Reformation in the fifteenth century and the Unity of the Brethren (Czech: Jednota bratrská) established in the Kingdom of Bohemia.
The Morriston Orpheus Choir, based in Morriston, near Swansea, Wales, is a male voice choir, one of the best-known in the UK.
Moses George Hogan (March 13, 1957 – February 11, 2003) was an American composer and arranger of choral music.
In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present.
Motown is an American record company.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
The music of ancient Rome was a part of Roman culture from earliest times.
A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented.
Mykola Dmytrovych Leontovych (Микола Дмитрович Леонтович; sometimes spelt Leontovich; January 23, 1921) was a Ukrainian composer, choral conductor, and teacher of international renown.
(the German form of Latin naenia, meaning "a funeral song" named after the Roman goddess Nenia) is a composition for SATB chorus and orchestra, Op. 82 by Johannes Brahms, which sets to music the poem "" by Friedrich Schiller.
The Netherlands Chamber Choir (Dutch Nederlands Kamerkoor) is a full-time and independent professional Dutch choir.
Oboes are a family of double reed woodwind instruments.
The Old Hall Manuscript (British Library, Additional MS 57950) is the largest, most complete, and most significant source of English sacred music of the late 14th and early 15th centuries, and as such represents the best source for late Medieval English music.
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century.
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, choir, and soloists.
An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.
Orestes (Ὀρέστης, Orestēs) (408 BCE) is an Ancient Greek play by Euripides that follows the events of Orestes after he had murdered his mother.
In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.
Organum is, in general, a plainchant melody with at least one added voice to enhance the harmony, developed in the Middle Ages.
Orlando Gibbons (baptised 25 December 1583 – 5 June 1625) was an English composer, virginalist and organist of the late Tudor and early Jacobean periods.
In music, an ostinato (derived from Italian: stubborn, compare English, from Latin: 'obstinate') is a motif or phrase that persistently repeats in the same musical voice, frequently at the same pitch.
Osvaldo Noé Golijov (born December 5, 1960) is an Argentine composer of classical music and music professor, known for his vocal and orchestral work.
One Voice Per Part (OVPP) is a musical term and neologism that refers to the practice of performing Baroque choral music, and Bach's works in particular, with single voices on each vocal line.
The Oxyrhynchus hymn (or P. Oxy. XV 1786) is the earliest known manuscript of a Christian Greek hymn to contain both lyrics and musical notation.
Papyrus is a material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface.
A part song, or part-song or partsong, is a form of choral music that consists of a secular song having been written or arranged for several vocal parts, commonly SATB choir but sometimes for an all-male or all-female ensemble.
As Thomaskantor Johann Sebastian Bach provided Passion music for Good Friday services in Leipzig.
Paul Hindemith (16 November 1895 – 28 December 1963) was a prolific German composer, violist, violinist, teacher and conductor.
Peter J. Wilhousky (Пітер (Петро) Вільховський) (13 July 1902 – 4 January 1978) was an American composer, educator, and choral conductor of Ukrainian ethnic extraction.
Peterborough Cathedral, properly the Cathedral Church of St Peter, St Paul and St Andrew – also known as Saint Peter's Cathedral in the United Kingdom – is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Peterborough, dedicated to Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Andrew, whose statues look down from the three high gables of the famous West Front.
Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is an American composer.
The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.
The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through organ pipes selected via a keyboard.
A pit orchestra is a type of orchestra that accompanies performers in musicals, operas, ballets and other shows involving music.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
The Pontarddulais Male Choir (Côr Meibion Pontarddulais) is a Welsh male voice choir from Pontarddulais near Swansea, Wales.
Pontypridd often colloquially known as Ponty, is both a community and the county town of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales, and is situated 12 miles (19 km) north of the Welsh capital city of Cardiff.
Pope Saint Gregory I (Gregorius I; – 12 March 604), commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great, Gregory had come to be known as 'the Great' by the late ninth century, a title which is still applied to him.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
The proper (Latin: proprium) is a part of the Christian liturgy that varies according to the date, either representing an observance within the liturgical year, or of a particular saint or significant event.
Psalm 130 (Vulgate numbering: Psalm 129) is the 130th psalm of the Book of Psalms, one of the Penitential psalms.
Ralph Vaughan Williams (12 October 1872– 26 August 1958) was an English composer.
Randall Thompson (April 21, 1899 – July 9, 1984) was an American composer, particularly noted for his choral works.
A rehearsal is an activity in the performing arts that occurs as preparation for a performance in music, theatre, dance and related arts, such as opera, musical theatre and film production.
Rejoice in the Lamb (Op. 30) is a cantata for four soloists, SATB choir, and organ composed by Benjamin Britten in 1943 and based on the poem Jubilate Agno by Christopher Smart (1722–1771).
Renaissance music is vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during the Renaissance era.
The Grande Messe des morts (or Requiem), Op.
The Requiem in D minor, K. 626, is a requiem mass by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
The Messa da Requiem is a musical setting of the Catholic funeral mass (Requiem) for four soloists, double choir and orchestra by Giuseppe Verdi.
Richard Georg Strauss (11 June 1864 – 8 September 1949) was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Robert Schumann (8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer and an influential music critic.
Rock Choir is described as being the United Kingdom's original, and the world's largest, contemporary choir.
Samuel Osborne Barber II (March 9, 1910 – January 23, 1981) was an American composer of orchestral, opera, choral, and piano music.
In music, SATB is an initialism for soprano, alto, tenor, bass, defining the voice types required by a chorus or choir to perform a particular musical work.
The Schicksalslied (Song of Destiny), Op. 54, is an orchestrally accompanied choral setting of a poem written by Friedrich Hölderlin and is one of several major choral works written by Johannes Brahms.
Seconda pratica, Italian for "second practice", is the counterpart to prima pratica and is more commonly referred to as Stile moderno.
Secularity (adjective form secular, from Latin saeculum meaning "worldly", "of a generation", "temporal", or a span of about 100 years) is the state of being separate from religion, or of not being exclusively allied with or against any particular religion.
The Seikilos epitaph is the oldest surviving complete musical composition, including musical notation, from anywhere in the world.
Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (28 March 1943) was a Russian pianist, composer, and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.
In music, serialism is a method of composition using series of pitches, rhythms, dynamics, timbres or other musical elements.
"Shchedryk" (Щедрик, from Щедрий вечiр, "Bountiful Evening") is a Ukrainian shchedrivka, or New Year's carol known in English as "The Little Swallow".
Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.
A show choir (originally known as a "swing choir") is a group of people who combine choral singing with dance, sometimes within the context of a specific idea or story.
Sign languages (also known as signed languages) are languages that use manual communication to convey meaning.
Sign singing or Karaoke signing is singing using sign language.
Sofia Asgatovna Gubaidulina (Софи́я Асгáтовна Губaйду́лина, София Әсгать кызы Гобәйдуллина; born 24 October 1931) is a Tatar-Russian composer.
Sophocles (Σοφοκλῆς, Sophoklēs,; 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC)Sommerstein (2002), p. 41.
A soprano is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types.
South Wales (De Cymru) is the region of Wales bordered by England and the Bristol Channel to the east and south, and Mid Wales and West Wales to the north and west.
Spem in alium (Latin for "Hope in any other") is a 40-part Renaissance motet by Thomas Tallis, composed in c. 1570 for eight choirs of five voices each, considered by some critics to be the greatest piece of English early music.
Spirituals (or Negro spirituals) are generally Christian songs that were created by African Americans.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Stephen Michael Reich (born October 3, 1936) is an American composer who, along with La Monte Young, Terry Riley, and Philip Glass, pioneered minimal music in the mid to late 1960s.
Stile antico (literally "ancient style"), is a term describing a manner of musical composition from the sixteenth century onwards that was historically conscious, as opposed to stile moderno, which adhered to more modern trends.
The Swedish Radio Choir is a professional classical choir.
The Symphony No.
A synagogue, also spelled synagog (pronounced; from Greek συναγωγή,, 'assembly', בית כנסת, 'house of assembly' or, "house of prayer", Yiddish: שול shul, Ladino: אסנוגה or קהל), is a Jewish house of prayer.
The Te Deum (Op. 22 / H.118) by Hector Berlioz (1803–1869) was completed in 1849.
In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.
Tenor is a type of classical male singing voice, whose vocal range is normally the highest male voice type, which lies between the baritone and countertenor voice types.
Publius Terentius Afer (c. 195/185 – c. 159? BC), better known in English as Terence, was a Roman playwright during the Roman Republic, of Berber descent.
The Creation (Die Schöpfung) is an oratorio written between 1797 and 1798 by Joseph Haydn (Hob. XXI:2), and considered by many to be his masterpiece.
The Death of Klinghoffer (1991) is an American opera, with music by John Adams to an English-language libretto by Alice Goodman.
The Desert Music is a work of music for voices and orchestra composed by the minimalist composer Steve Reich.
The Seasons (German: Die Jahreszeiten), Hob. XXI:3), is an oratorio by Joseph Haydn, first performed in 1801.
The Sixteen are a United Kingdom-based choir and period instrument orchestra; founded by Harry Christophers, it started as an unnamed group of sixteen friends in 1977, giving their first billed concert in 1979.
The ancient Greek drama was a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece from c. 700 BC.
Thomas Adès CBE (born 1 March 1971) is a British composer, pianist and conductor.
Thomas Tallis (1505 – 23 November 1585) was an English composer who occupies a primary place in anthologies of English choral music, and is considered one of England's greatest composers.
Timpani or kettledrums (also informally called timps) are musical instruments in the percussion family.
Treorchy Male Choir, also known as Treorchy Male Voice Choir, is a choir based in Treorchy in the Rhondda Valley, Wales, United Kingdom.
A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.
Ukrainian folk music includes a number of varieties of traditional, folkloric, folk-inspired popular and folk-inspired classical traditions.
In music, unison is two or more musical parts sounding the same pitch or at an octave interval, usually at the same time.
The Venetian polychoral style was a type of music of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras which involved spatially separate choirs singing in alternation.
In music history, the Venetian School was the body and work of composers working in Venice from about 1550 to around 1610.
Verklärte Nacht (Transfigured Night), Op. 4, is a string sextet in one movement composed by Arnold Schoenberg in 1899.
Vespers is a sunset evening prayer service in the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Eastern Catholic, Anglican, and Lutheran liturgies of the canonical hours.
The violin family of musical instruments was developed in Italy in the 16th century.
The term violone (literally "large viol" in Italian, "-one" being the augmentative suffix) can refer to several distinct large, bowed musical instruments which belong to either the viol or violin family.
Vocal jazz or jazz singing is an instrumental approach to the voice, where the singer can match the instruments in their stylistic approach to the lyrics, improvised or otherwise, or through scat singing; that is, the use of non-morphemic syllables to imitate the sound of instruments.
Vocal weight refers to the perceived "lightness" or "heaviness" of a singing voice.
A voice change or voice mutation, sometimes referred to as a voice break, commonly refers to the deepening of the voice of people as they reach puberty.
The War Requiem, Op. 66, is a large-scale, non-liturgical setting of the Requiem composed by Benjamin Britten mostly in 1961 and completed in January 1962.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
William Byrd (birth date variously given as c.1539/40 or 1543 – 4 July 1623), was an English composer of the Renaissance.
William Levi Dawson (September 26, 1899 – May 2, 1990) was an African-American composer, choir director, professor and musical figure of classic importance.
Sir William Turner Walton, OM (29 March 19028 March 1983) was an English composer.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
Zoltán Kodály (Kodály Zoltán,; 16 December 1882 – 6 March 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, pedagogue, linguist, and philosopher.
20th-century classical music describes art music that was written nominally from 1901 to 2000.
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