Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Free
Faster access than browser!
 

Cholera toxin

Index Cholera toxin

Cholera toxin (also known as choleragen and sometimes abbreviated to CTX, Ctx or CT) is protein complex secreted by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. [1]

47 relations: Adenylyl cyclase, ADP-ribosylation, Alpha helix, ARF6, Bacteria, Bicarbonate, Bordetella pertussis, Chloride, Cholera, CTXφ bacteriophage, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, Dehydration, Disulfide, Endocytosis, Enterotoxin, Enzyme, ER oxidoreductin, Escherichia coli, Exotoxin, G protein, Ganglioside, Gi alpha subunit, GM1, Gs alpha subunit, Heat-labile enterotoxin, Hes3 signaling axis, Histochemical tracer, Horizontal gene transfer, Ion, Lipid raft, Lumen (anatomy), Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Oligomer, Pertussis toxin, Potassium, Protein complex, Protein disulfide-isomerase, Protein kinase A, Protein primary structure, Sambhu Nath De, Sodium, Unified atomic mass unit, Vibrio cholerae, Virulence, Water, X-ray crystallography.

Adenylyl cyclase

Adenylyl cyclase (also commonly known as adenyl cyclase and adenylate cyclase, abbreviated AC) is an enzyme with key regulatory roles in essentially all cells.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Adenylyl cyclase · See more »

ADP-ribosylation

ADP-ribosylation is the addition of one or more ADP-ribose moieties to a protein.

New!!: Cholera toxin and ADP-ribosylation · See more »

Alpha helix

The alpha helix (α-helix) is a common motif in the secondary structure of proteins and is a righthand-spiral conformation (i.e. helix) in which every backbone N−H group donates a hydrogen bond to the backbone C.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Alpha helix · See more »

ARF6

ADP-ribosylation factor 6 (ARF6) is a member of the ADP ribosylation factor family of GTP-binding proteins.

New!!: Cholera toxin and ARF6 · See more »

Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Bacteria · See more »

Bicarbonate

In inorganic chemistry, bicarbonate (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogencarbonate) is an intermediate form in the deprotonation of carbonic acid.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Bicarbonate · See more »

Bordetella pertussis

Bordetella pertussis is a Gram-negative, aerobic, pathogenic, encapsulated coccobacillus of the genus Bordetella, and the causative agent of pertussis or whooping cough.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Bordetella pertussis · See more »

Chloride

The chloride ion is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl−.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Chloride · See more »

Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Cholera · See more »

CTXφ bacteriophage

The CTXφ bacteriophage is a filamentous bacteriophage that contains the genetic material needed by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium for the production of cholera toxin, or CT.

New!!: Cholera toxin and CTXφ bacteriophage · See more »

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP, cyclic AMP, or 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate) is a second messenger important in many biological processes.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Cyclic adenosine monophosphate · See more »

Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator

Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a membrane protein and chloride channel in vertebrates that is encoded by the CFTR gene.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator · See more »

Dehydration

In physiology, dehydration is a deficit of total body water, with an accompanying disruption of metabolic processes.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Dehydration · See more »

Disulfide

In chemistry, a disulfide refers to a functional group with the structure R−S−S−R′.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Disulfide · See more »

Endocytosis

Endocytosis is a form of bulk transport in which a cell transports molecules (such as proteins) into the cell (endo- + cytosis) by engulfing them in an energy-using process.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Endocytosis · See more »

Enterotoxin

An enterotoxin is a protein exotoxin released by a microorganism that targets the intestines.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Enterotoxin · See more »

Enzyme

Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Enzyme · See more »

ER oxidoreductin

ER oxidoreductin 1 (Ero1) is an oxidoreductase enzyme that catalyses the formation and isomerization of protein disulfide bonds in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of eukaryotes.

New!!: Cholera toxin and ER oxidoreductin · See more »

Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

New!!: Cholera toxin and Escherichia coli · See more »

Exotoxin

An exotoxin is a toxin secreted by bacteria.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Exotoxin · See more »

G protein

G proteins, also known as guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, are a family of proteins that act as molecular switches inside cells, and are involved in transmitting signals from a variety of stimuli outside a cell to its interior.

New!!: Cholera toxin and G protein · See more »

Ganglioside

A ganglioside is a molecule composed of a glycosphingolipid (ceramide and oligosaccharide) with one or more sialic acids (e.g. n-acetylneuraminic acid, NANA) linked on the sugar chain.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Ganglioside · See more »

Gi alpha subunit

Gi alpha subunit (Gαi, or Gi/G0 or Gi protein) is a heterotrimeric G protein subunit that inhibits the production of cAMP from ATP.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Gi alpha subunit · See more »

GM1

GM1 (monosialotetrahexosylganglioside) the "prototype" ganglioside, is a member of the ganglio series of gangliosides which contain one sialic acid residue.

New!!: Cholera toxin and GM1 · See more »

Gs alpha subunit

The Gs alpha subunit (Gαs, Gsα, or Gs protein) is a heterotrimeric G protein subunit that activates the cAMP-dependent pathway by activating adenylyl cyclase.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Gs alpha subunit · See more »

Heat-labile enterotoxin

Heat-labile enterotoxin is a type of labile toxin found in Escherichia coli and Bacillus cereus.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Heat-labile enterotoxin · See more »

Hes3 signaling axis

The STAT3-Ser/Hes3 signaling axis is a specific type of intracellular signaling pathway that regulates several fundamental properties of cells.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Hes3 signaling axis · See more »

Histochemical tracer

A histochemical tracer is a compound used to reveal the location of cells and track neuronal projections.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Histochemical tracer · See more »

Horizontal gene transfer

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) or lateral gene transfer (LGT) is the movement of genetic material between unicellular and/or multicellular organisms other than by the ("vertical") transmission of DNA from parent to offspring.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Horizontal gene transfer · See more »

Ion

An ion is an atom or molecule that has a non-zero net electrical charge (its total number of electrons is not equal to its total number of protons).

New!!: Cholera toxin and Ion · See more »

Lipid raft

The plasma membranes of cells contain combinations of glycosphingolipids and protein receptors organised in glycolipoprotein microdomains termed lipid rafts.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Lipid raft · See more »

Lumen (anatomy)

In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Lumen (anatomy) · See more »

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide · See more »

Oligomer

An oligomer (oligo-, "a few" + -mer, "parts") is a molecular complex of chemicals that consists of a few monomer units, in contrast to a polymer, where the number of monomers is, in principle, infinite.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Oligomer · See more »

Pertussis toxin

Pertussis toxin (PT) is a protein-based AB5-type exotoxin produced by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis, which causes whooping cough.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Pertussis toxin · See more »

Potassium

Potassium is a chemical element with symbol K (from Neo-Latin kalium) and atomic number 19.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Potassium · See more »

Protein complex

A protein complex or multiprotein complex is a group of two or more associated polypeptide chains.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Protein complex · See more »

Protein disulfide-isomerase

Protein disulfide isomerase, or PDI, is an enzyme in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in eukaryotes and the periplasm of bacteria that catalyzes the formation and breakage of disulfide bonds between cysteine residues within proteins as they fold.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Protein disulfide-isomerase · See more »

Protein kinase A

In cell biology, protein kinase A (PKANot to be confused with pKa, the symbol for the acid dissociation constant.) is a family of enzymes whose activity is dependent on cellular levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP).

New!!: Cholera toxin and Protein kinase A · See more »

Protein primary structure

Protein primary structure is the linear sequence of amino acids in a peptide or protein.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Protein primary structure · See more »

Sambhu Nath De

Shambhu Nath De was born in Hooghly District, West Bengal, India.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Sambhu Nath De · See more »

Sodium

Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Sodium · See more »

Unified atomic mass unit

The unified atomic mass unit or dalton (symbol: u, or Da) is a standard unit of mass that quantifies mass on an atomic or molecular scale (atomic mass).

New!!: Cholera toxin and Unified atomic mass unit · See more »

Vibrio cholerae

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram-negative, comma-shaped bacterium.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Vibrio cholerae · See more »

Virulence

Virulence is a pathogen's or microbe's ability to infect or damage a host.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Virulence · See more »

Water

Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.

New!!: Cholera toxin and Water · See more »

X-ray crystallography

X-ray crystallography is a technique used for determining the atomic and molecular structure of a crystal, in which the crystalline atoms cause a beam of incident X-rays to diffract into many specific directions.

New!!: Cholera toxin and X-ray crystallography · See more »

Redirects here:

Cholera toxin and enterotoxin.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cholera_toxin

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »